Tag Archives: Philip IV of France

The Treaty of Leake/700 years anniversary of the Fake reconciliation of two royal enemies/Edward II and his cousin, Thomas of Lancaster

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).

THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONS

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
File:Pontefract Castle.JPG
PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITE
CASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OF
LINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]
IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOK
PLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTED

manuscript-images-medieval-castles

Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 
EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTER
AND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HE
PASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..
File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg
PLANTAGENET
COAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OF
KING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I AND
FATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORS
King Edward II met Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, at Leake and together they “signed” the Treaty

 


KING EDWARD AND HIS REBEL COUSIN, THOMAS OF LANCASTER,
WHO SIGNED THE TREATY OF LEAKE

 

THE TREATY OF LEAKE/700 YEARS ANNIVERSARY OF THE
FAKE RECONCILIATION BETWEEN TWO
ROYAL ENEMIES/EDWARD II AND HIS COUSIN, THOMAS OF LANCASTER
9 AUGUST 1318- 9 AUGUST 2018
700 YEARS ANNIVERSARY OF THE TREATY OF LEAKE!
Dear Readers,
Here is your Companion at the travelling to Medieval Times again
and this time she is EXTRA thrilled!
Because she is writing this TODAY, 9 AUGUST 2018,
when it is exactly 700 YEARS AGO, when  King Edward II and his royal cousin
and enemy rival to  Power, Thomas of Lancaster
 [about whom I wrote a sort of mini book
[HAHAHA] [1] signed the Treaty of Leake [2], at Leake, a village
in Nottinghamshire with the meaning
of ending up  their enmities.
QUOD NON!

 

 

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Thomas of Lancaster, rebel cousin of King Edward II/From warlord to Saint

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).

THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONS

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
File:Pontefract Castle.JPG
PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITE
CASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OF
LINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]
IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOK
PLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTED

manuscript-images-medieval-castles

Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 
EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTER
AND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HE
PASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..
Image result for thomas 2nd earl of lancaster
THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg
PLANTAGENET
COAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OF
KING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I AND
FATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORS
VENERATION CULTUS OF THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER
”SAINT THOMAS” [THOMAS THE MARTYR]
PICTURE BELOW:

DEVOTIONAL PANEL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER, PICTURING

HIS BEHEADING OUTSIDE OF PONTEFRACT CASTLE
A DEVOTIONAL PANEL WAS A RELIGIOUS OBJECT, SOLD
ON PILGRIMAGE TO COMMEMORATE AND VENERATE
SAINTS AND MARTYRS

A photo of a small dark silver religious panel depicting the beheading of a medieval man

The beheading of the Earl is portrayed within the panel© MOLA / Andy Chopping
Image result for henry 3rd earl of lancaster
HENRY, 3TH EARL OF LANCASTER, BROTHER OF THOMAS,
2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, ANCESTOR OF
THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER
HE DIDN’T PARTICIPATE
IN HIS BROTHER’S REBELLIONS, BUT JOINED THE INVASION
OF ISABELLA OF FRANCE [ESTRANGED WIFE OF EDWARD II]
AND HER [POSSIBLE] LOVER ROGER MORTIMER, AGAINST
HIS COUSIN EDWARD II, WHICH LED TO A GENERAL UPRISING’
AGAINST EDWARD II AND THE DESPENSERS
HENRY WAS ONE OF THE ”JUDGES” OF HUGH DESPENSER, THE
ELDER, 1ST EARL OF WINCHESTER IN 1326, WHO HAD BEEN ONE
OF THE ”JUDGES” IN THE MOCK TRIAL AGAINST HENRY”
S OWN BROTHER THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
AND WAS CO RESPONSIBLE FOR THOMAS’  EXECUTION IN 1322
HUGH DESPENSER THE ELDER ALSO GOT A MOCK TRIAL, WHICH WAS
A PARODY OF THE TRIAL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER…
.

 

 

 

 

THOMAS OF LANCASTER, REBEL COUSIN OF KING EDWARD II

/FROM WARLORD TO SAINT

INTRODUCTION:

Readers,
This is a fascinating story about
Thomas of Lancaster and the persons
and events that played an important part in his
life in a very turbulent time.
But like
all fascinating stories, it is not told
in two minutes. It is a real longread.
My advice to my you:
READ IT LIKE A BOOK!
Don’t read all chapters at one time,
because you will be overwhelmed, unless
you are totally fascinated.

Or when you are pressed with time, with time, read the Epilogue,

which gives my final opinion about Thomas of Lancaster and a
summary of this fascinating story….

To understand the political situation
in the early fourteenth century, especially
chapter one, four and five are important.
Chapters six describes the outbreak of the
war between Thomas and his cousin
the King, the chapters seven and eight the
dramatic end.
Chapters nine and ten, what happened
thereafter.

And I end with the Epilogue, giving my final opinion
about the life and activitities of Thomas of Lancaster.
Read all the Chapters with care and attention and you
will enter the Medieval world…..

 

 

Continue reading

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Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, rebel cousin of King Edward II/From warlord to Saint

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).

THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONS

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
 
 
File:Pontefract Castle.JPG
PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITE
CASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OF
LINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]
IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOK
PLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTED

manuscript-images-medieval-castles

Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 
EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTER
AND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HE
PASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..
Image result for thomas 2nd earl of lancaster
THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg
PLANTAGENET
COAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OF
KING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I AND
FATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORS
VENERATION CULTUS OF THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER
”SAINT THOMAS” [THOMAS THE MARTYR]
PICTURE BELOW:

DEVOTIONAL PANEL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER, PICTURING

HIS BEHEADING OUTSIDE OF PONTEFRACT CASTLE
A DEVOTIONAL PANEL WAS A RELIGIOUS OBJECT, SOLD
ON PILGRIMAGE TO COMMEMORATE AND VENERATE
SAINTS AND MARTYRS

A photo of a small dark silver religious panel depicting the beheading of a medieval man

The beheading of the Earl is portrayed within the panel© MOLA / Andy Chopping
Image result for henry 3rd earl of lancaster
HENRY, 3TH EARL OF LANCASTER, BROTHER OF THOMAS,
2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, ANCESTOR OF
THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER
HE DIDN’T PARTICIPATE
IN HIS BROTHER’S REBELLIONS, BUT JOINED THE INVASION
OF ISABELLA OF FRANCE [ESTRANGED WIFE OF EDWARD II]
AND HER [POSSIBLE] LOVER ROGER MORTIMER, AGAINST
HIS COUSIN EDWARD II, WHICH LED TO A GENERAL UPRISING’
AGAINST EDWARD II AND THE DESPENSERS
HENRY WAS ONE OF THE ”JUDGES” OF HUGH DESPENSER, THE
ELDER, 1ST EARL OF WINCHESTER IN 1326, WHO HAD BEEN ONE
OF THE ”JUDGES” IN THE MOCK TRIAL AGAINST HENRY”
S OWN BROTHER THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
AND WAS CO RESPONSIBLE FOR THOMAS’  EXECUTION IN 1322
HUGH DESPENSER THE ELDER ALSO GOT A MOCK TRIAL, WHICH WAS
A PARODY OF THE TRIAL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER…
.
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, REBEL COUSIN OF KING EDWARD II

/FROM WARLORD TO SAINT

INTRODUCTION:

Readers,
This is a fascinating story about
Thomas of Lancaster and the persons
and events that played an important part in his
life in a very turbulent time.
But like
all fascinating stories, it is not told
in two minutes. It is a real longread.
My advice to my you:
READ IT LIKE A BOOK!
Don’t read all chapters at one time,
because you will be overwhelmed, unless
you are totally fascinated.

Or when you are pressed with time, with time, read the Epilogue,

which gives my final opinion about Thomas of Lancaster and a
summary of this fascinating story….

To understand the political situation
in the early fourteenth century, especially
chapter one, four and five are important.
Chapters six describes the outbreak of the
war between Thomas and his cousin
the King, the chapters seven and eight the
dramatic end.
Chapters nine and ten, what happened
thereafter.

And I end with the Epilogue, giving my final opinion
about the life and activitities of Thomas of Lancaster.
Read all the Chapters with care and attention and you
will enter the Medieval world…..

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continue reading

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Edward II’s coronation oath, 25 February 1308

A man in half figure with short, curly hair and a hint of beard is facing left. He wears a coronet and holds a sceptre in his right hand. He has a blue robe over a red tunic, and his hands are covered by white, embroidered gloves. His left hand seems to be pointing left, to something outside the picture.
Portrait in Westminster Abbey, thought to be of Edward I,
father of Edward II
EDWARD I OF ENGLAND, ”LONGSHANKS”
THE ”HAMMER” OF THE SCOTS
KING EDWARD II
Image result
Edward II - detail of tomb.jpg
EFFIGY OF KING EDWARD II IN GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL
Isabella of France.jpg
EDWARD II”S WIFE, ISABELLA OF FRANCE
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE
A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
Image result for she wolf of france
FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
HERE SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER [VERY LIKELY] LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Related image
KING EDWARD III, SON OF EDWARD II AND ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
FICTION

 

 

EDWARD II’S CORONATION OATH, 25 FEBRUARY 1308
SEE AT THE LEFT SIDE OF
EDWARD TOOK HIS OATH IN FRENCH

Edward II’s coronation oath, 25 February 1308

Sire, volez vous graunter, è garder, &, par vostre serment, confermer au poeple d’Engleterre les leys, & les custumes, à eux grauntees par les auntiens Rois d’Engleterre, voz predecessours droitures & devotz a DIEU; & nomement les lois, les custumes, & les fraunchises, grantez au clerge, è au poeple par le glorieus Roi seint Edward, vostre predecessour? Jeo les grante & promette. Sire, garderez vous à DIEU, & seinte eglise, & au clerge, & au poeple paes, & acord en DIEU entierment, solonc vostre poer? Jeo les garderai. Sire, freez vous faire, en touz voz jugementz, ovele & droit justice & discretion, en misericorde & verite, à vostre poer? Jeo le frai. Sire, graunte vous à tenir & garder les loys & les custumes droitureles, les quiels la communaute de vostre roiaume aura esleu, & les defendrez & afforcerez, al honour de DIEU, à vostre poer? Jeo les graunte & promette.

Edward II’s coronation oath: translation

Sire, will you grant and keep and by your oath confirm to the people of England the laws and customs given to them by the previous just and god-fearing kings, your ancestors, and especially the laws, customs, and liberties granted to the clergy and people by the glorious king, the sainted Edward, your predecessor? I grant and promise them. Sire, will you in all your judgments, so far as in you lies, preserve to God and Holy Church, and to the people and clergy, entire peace and concord before God? I will preserve them.Sire, will you, so far as in you lies, cause justice to be rendered rightly, impartially, and wisely, in compassion and in truth? I will do so. Sire, do you grant to be held and observed the just laws and customs that the community of your realm shall determine, and will you, so far as in you lies, defend and strengthen them to the honour of God? I grant and promise them.

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The Moorish rule in Medieval Spain/How the Moors brought civilization to Europe

Philip III the Bold
Miniature Philippe III Courronement.jpg

Coronation of King Philip III
PHILIP III, FATHER OF PHILIP IV OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Philip_III_of_France

Isabella of Aragon
Isabella of Aragon1.jpg

Isabella
Queen consort of France
ISABELLA OF ARAGON, MOTHER OF
PHILIP IV OF FRANCE
Image result for philip iv of france
KING PHILIP THE FAIR, FATHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
Joan I
JanaNavarra BNf.jpg

Drawing of Joan I
Queen of NavarreCountess of Champagne
JOAN OF NAVARRE, WIFE OF PHILIP IV OF
FRANCE AND MOTHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE, AS OF LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP
V OF FRANCE AND CHARLES IV OF FRANCE
AND GRANDMOTHER TO EDWARD III OF ENGLAND
[SON OF EDWARD II OF ENGLAND AND ISABELLA OF
FRANCE]

Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE
Image result for she wolf of france
FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”
Image result for alhambra/image
THE ALHAMBRA, THE FAMOUS PALACE OF THE LAST MOORISH
KINGS IN SPAIN AND LAST MOORISH STRONGHOLD
THE MOORISH RULE IN SPAIN
THE ALHAMBRA, THE FAMOUS PALACE OF THE LAST MOORISH
KINGS IN SPAIN AND LAST MOORISH STRONGHOLD

KINGS/QUEENS OF CASTILE

LOOK AT THE  IMAGES AND RECOGNIZE SOME ”ARAB FEATURES”
IN THEM, ESPECIALLY QUEEN URRACA OF CASTILE AND
LEON……..
Ferdinand I
Ferda1Leon Sancha.jpg

Ferdinand (left) and his wife Sancha, from an illumination in a contemporary manuscript.
Emperor of all Spain
Alfonso VI
AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg

13th century miniature of Alfonso VI from the Tumbo A codex at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
Emperor of All Hispania
Urraca
UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg

13-century miniature of Queen Urraca presiding the Court from Tumbo A codex
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
Empress of SpainQueen of LeónCastile, and Galicia

13th-century miniature[1][2]of Alfonso VII of León from the codex Tumbo A. Santiago de Compostela Cathedral.

ALFONSO VII, SON OF URACCA, QUEEN OF
CASTILE AND LEON [THE RECKLESS]
Sancho III
Sancho III de Castela - Compendio de crónicas de reyes (Biblioteca Nacional de España).png

Sancho III of Castile in a miniature of the Compendium of Chronicles of Kings of the National Library of Spain
King of Castile and Toledo
SANCHO III, GRANDSON OF URACCA THE RECKLESS
ALFONSO VIII OF CASTILE, GREATGRANDSON OF URACCA THE\
RECKLESS
Alfonso VIII
Alfons8Kastilie.jpg

Miniature detail of Alfonso VIII in the Tumbo menor de Castilla[1]
King of Castile and Toledo
Image result for creme on the cake/images
CREME ON THE CAKE!
COLOURED URRACA, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LEON,
WAS A FAR ANCESTOR OF ISABELLA I OF CASTILE,
REGINA CATOLICA!
Urraca
UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg

13-century miniature of Queen Urraca presiding the Court from Tumbo A codex
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
Empress of SpainQueen of LeónCastile, and Galicia
URACCA, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LEON
Isabella I
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg

Isabella I of Castile, depicted in the painting Virgen de la mosca at The Collegiate church of Santa María la Mayor (Church of Saint Mary the Great)
Queen of Castile and León
ISABELLA I OF CASTILE, DESCENDANT OF URACCA THE RECKLESS
SO:
SOME OF THOSE IMAGES ARE PROOF OF THE PARTLY MOORISH
ORIGINS OF THE SPANISH ROYAL FAMILY
ESPECIALLY THE IMAGE QUEEN URACCA OF CASTILE AND LEON
HAS CLEARLY ARAB FEATURES
AS INTERMARRIAGE BETWEEN MOORISH AND SPANISH
NOBLES, AS ROYAL HOUSES, TOOK PLACE, IT IS
NOT UNLIKELY, THAT ISABELLA OF FRANCE SHOULD
HAVE INHERITED ”ARAB FEATURES;; OF HER MOTHER,
JOAN OF NAVARRE, WHO WAS PARTLY OF SPANISH ORIGIN
ISABELLA OF FRANCE COULD ALSO HAVE INHERITED ”ARAB FEATURES” ALSO
FROM HER FATHER, PHILIP IV, KING OF FRANCE,
SINCE HIS MOTHER WAS A SPANISH INFANTA [PRINCESS],
ISABELLA OF ARAGON
MOORISH RULE IN SPAIN
Abd al-Rahman I
Abdul al Rahman I.jpg
1st Emir of Córdoba
ABD-AL-RAHMAN I, MEMBER OF THE ROYAL UMMAYAD
CALIPHATE IN DAMASCUS [SYRIA], SURVIVOR OF THE
MASSACRE OF THE DAMASCUS UMMAYAD DYNASTY BY
THE ABBASIDS
FOUNDER AND FIRST RULER [EMIR] OF THE UMAYYAD DYNASTY
IN CORDOBA, AL-ANDALUS [SPAIN]
Muhammad XII
El rey chico de Granada.jpg

Contemporary portrait of Boabdil the last Muslim ruler of Spain created in the 15th century
Sultan of Granada
MUHAMMAD XII OF GRANADA, LAST MOORISH
RULER IN SPAIN, FROM THE ROYAL HOUSE OF
NASRID
THOSE PICTURES NOT ONLY REFLECT THE MOORISH RULE IN
MEDIEVAL SPAIN [SEE THE MOORISH RULERS], BUT ALSO CRITICS
ON THE REMARK OF KATHRYN WARNER, THAT IT IS UNLIKELY,
THAT ISABELLA OF FRANCE [DAUGHTER TO KING PHILIP IV OF
FRANCE AND HIS WIFE JOAN I OF NAVARRE, AND WIFE OF THE ENGLISH KING
EDWARD II], COULD  POSSESS ”ARAB FEATURES”, DESPITE THE FACT, THAT HER MOTHER, QUEEN JOAN I OF NAVARRE, WAS PARTLY OF SPANISH’
DESCENT
THEREFORE PICTURES, WHICH REFLECT A PART OF THE FAMILY LINE OF THE SPANISH KINGS
AND THE MOORISH INFLUENCE
THE MOORISH RULE IN MEDIEVAL SPAIN/HOW THE MOORS BROUGHT
CIVILIZATION TO EUROPE

FOLLOWING:
THE HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL SPAIN/AL-ANDALUS

Dear Readers,

A silly remark of author and historian
Kathryn Warner [EdwardthesecondBlogspot]
gives me the opportunity to take
you on a travel to the past.
I have done it before.
To the Medieval English period of dynastic struggle,
the Wars of the Roses [1455-1485], as some remarks about the Medieval
King Edward II, whose tragic and strong friendship for men, eventually
led to his downfall [1284-1327, ruled England from 1307 until 1327]

 

https://www.astridessed.nl/kin g-edward-ii-the-tragic-king/

But this time I travel with you to Moorish ruled Spain in the Middle Ages.
Come with me……….

 

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Book Review: Isabella and the strange death of Edward II/Comments on some remarks of Kathryn Warner[EdwardthesecomdBlogspot.com]

 

Philip III the Bold
Miniature Philippe III Courronement.jpg

Coronation of King Philip III
PHILIP III, FATHER OF PHILIP IV OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Philip_III_of_France

Isabella of Aragon
Isabella of Aragon1.jpg

Isabella
Queen consort of France
ISABELLA OF ARAGON, MOTHER OF
PHILIP IV OF FRANCE
Image result for philip iv of france
KING PHILIP THE FAIR, FATHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
Joan I
JanaNavarra BNf.jpg

Drawing of Joan I
Queen of NavarreCountess of Champagne
JOAN OF NAVARRE, WIFE OF PHILIP IV OF
FRANCE AND MOTHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE, AS OF LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP
V OF FRANCE AND CHARLES IV OF FRANCE
AND GRANDMOTHER TO EDWARD III OF ENGLAND
[SON OF EDWARD II OF ENGLAND AND ISABELLA OF
FRANCE]

Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE
 
Image result for she wolf of france
 
 
FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”
Image result for alhambra/image
THE ALHAMBRA, THE FAMOUS PALACE OF THE LAST MOORISH
KINGS IN SPAIN AND LAST MOORISH STRONGHOLD
THE MOORISH RULE IN SPAIN
THE ALHAMBRA, THE FAMOUS PALACE OF THE LAST MOORISH
KINGS IN SPAIN AND LAST MOORISH STRONGHOLD

KINGS/QUEENS OF CASTILE

LOOK AT THE  IMAGES AND RECOGNIZE SOME ”ARAB FEATURES”
IN THEM, ESPECIALLY QUEEN URRACA OF CASTILE AND
LEON……..
Ferdinand I
Ferda1Leon Sancha.jpg

Ferdinand (left) and his wife Sancha, from an illumination in a contemporary manuscript.
Emperor of all Spain
Alfonso VI
AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg

13th century miniature of Alfonso VI from the Tumbo A codex at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
Emperor of All Hispania
Urraca
UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg

13-century miniature of Queen Urraca presiding the Court from Tumbo A codex
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
Empress of SpainQueen of LeónCastile, and Galicia

13th-century miniature[1][2]of Alfonso VII of León from the codex Tumbo A. Santiago de Compostela Cathedral.

ALFONSO VII, SON OF URACCA, QUEEN OF
CASTILE AND LEON [THE RECKLESS]
Sancho III
Sancho III de Castela - Compendio de crónicas de reyes (Biblioteca Nacional de España).png

Sancho III of Castile in a miniature of the Compendium of Chronicles of Kings of the National Library of Spain
King of Castile and Toledo
SANCHO III, GRANDSON OF URACCA THE RECKLESS
ALFONSO VIII OF CASTILE, GREATGRANDSON OF URACCA THE\
RECKLESS
Alfonso VIII
Alfons8Kastilie.jpg

Miniature detail of Alfonso VIII in the Tumbo menor de Castilla[1]
King of Castile and Toledo
Image result for creme on the cake/images
CREME ON THE CAKE!
COLOURED URRACA, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LEON,
WAS A FAR ANCESTOR OF ISABELLA I OF CASTILE,
REGINA CATOLICA!
Urraca
UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg

13-century miniature of Queen Urraca presiding the Court from Tumbo A codex
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
Empress of SpainQueen of LeónCastile, and Galicia
URACCA, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LEON
Isabella I
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg

Isabella I of Castile, depicted in the painting Virgen de la mosca at The Collegiate church of Santa María la Mayor (Church of Saint Mary the Great)
Queen of Castile and León
ISABELLA I OF CASTILE, DESCENDANT OF URACCA THE RECKLESS
SO:
SOME OF THOSE IMAGES ARE PROOF OF THE PARTLY MOORISH
ORIGINS OF THE SPANISH ROYAL FAMILY
ESPECIALLY THE IMAGE QUEEN URACCA OF CASTILE AND LEON
HAS CLEARLY ARAB FEATURES
AS INTERMARRIAGE BETWEEN MOORISH AND SPANISH
NOBLES, AS ROYAL HOUSES, TOOK PLACE, IT IS
NOT UNLIKELY, THAT ISABELLA OF FRANCE SHOULD
HAVE INHERITED ”ARAB FEATURES;; OF HER MOTHER,
JOAN OF NAVARRE, WHO WAS PARTLY OF SPANISH ORIGIN
ISABELLA OF FRANCE COULD ALSO HAVE INHERITED ”ARAB FEATURES” ALSO
FROM HER FATHER, PHILIP IV, KING OF FRANCE,
SINCE HIS MOTHER WAS A SPANISH INFANTA [PRINCESS],
ISABELLA OF ARAGON
MOORISH RULE IN SPAIN
Abd al-Rahman I
Abdul al Rahman I.jpg
1st Emir of Córdoba
ABD-AL-RAHMAN I, MEMBER OF THE ROYAL UMMAYAD
CALIPHATE IN DAMASCUS [SYRIA], SURVIVOR OF THE
MASSACRE OF THE DAMASCUS UMMAYAD DYNASTY BY
THE ABBASIDS
FOUNDER AND FIRST RULER [EMIR] OF THE UMAYYAD DYNASTY
IN CORDOBA, AL-ANDALUS [SPAIN]
Muhammad XII
El rey chico de Granada.jpg

Contemporary portrait of Boabdil the last Muslim ruler of Spain created in the 15th century
Sultan of Granada
MUHAMMAD XII OF GRANADA, LAST MOORISH
RULER IN SPAIN, FROM THE ROYAL HOUSE OF
NASRID

 

 

 

BOOK REVIEW: ISABELLA AND THE STRANGE DEATH OF EDWARD
II/COMMENTS ON SOME HISTORICAL REMARKS OF KATHRYN WARNER

FOLLOWING:
THE HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL SPAIN/AL-ANDALUS
Dear Readers,

A silly remark of author and historian
Kathryn Warner [EdwardthesecondBlogspot]
gives me the opportunity to take
you on a travel to the past, again.
This time to Moorish ruled Spain in the Middle Ages.
Come with me……….

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Nationale Toneel Jeanne d’Arc/Brief over stupide opmerkingen hoofdrolspeelster Sallie Harmsen over Jeanne d’Arc

Joan of Arc miniature graded.jpg

Miniature (15th century)[1]
JEANNE D’ARC
Charles VII the Victorious
Charles VII by Jean Fouquet 1445 1450.jpg

Portrait of Charles VII, by Jean Fouquettempera on wood, Louvre Museum, Paris, c. 1445–1450
King of France
CHARLES VII, DE DAUPHIN, DIE
DOOR INSPANNINGEN VAN JEANNE
D’ARC IN 1429 IN REIMS [TRADITIONEEL DE
KRONINGSSTAD VAN DE FRANSE KONINGEN]
TOT KONING WERD GEKROOND
EEN ENORME MORELE OMMEKEER
IN DE HONDERDJARIGE OORLOG MET
ENGELAND OVER DE SOEVEREINITEIT
VAN DE FRANSE TROON
UITEINDELIJK SLAAGDE FRANKRIJK ER IN 1453 IN,
ONDER DEZE KONING, DE ENGELSE BEZETTER DEFINITIEF
TE VERSLAAN
ALLEEN CALAIS ZOU TOT 1558 NOG IN ENGELSE HANDEN
BLIJVEN
Image result for philip iv the iron king
PHILIP IV OF FRANCE, THE FAIR [DE SCHONE], ONDER
WIENS HEERSCHAPPIJ DE TOUR DE NESLE AFFAIR
PLAATSVOND, EEN OVERSPELSCHANDAAL, DAT
UITEINDELIJK TOT DE HONDERDJARIGE OORLOG
TUSSEN ENGELAND EN FRANKRIJK HEEFT GELEID
Isabella of France.jpg
A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORISCHE AFBEELDING
iImage result for she wolf of france
ISABELLA OF FRANCE [MET KROON]
FICTIE
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
FICTIE
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DOCHTER VAN PHILIP IV,
DIE NA DE DOOD VAN HAAR LAATST OVERGEBLEVEN
BROER CHARLES IV, DE FRANSE TROON CLAIMDE
VOOR HAAR ZOON KONING EDWARD III
WAT WERD AFGEWEZEN VANWEGE DE IN 1317 IN
FRANKRIJK INGEVOERDE SALISCHE WETTEN
[WAARBIJ VROUWEN WERDEN UITGESLOTEN VAN
DE TROON]
Related image
EDWARD III
FICTIE
HIJ WAS DE ENGELSE KONING, DIE OPNIEUW,
IN 1337, DE FRANSE KROON CLAIMDE EN ONDER WIENS
HEERSCHAPPIJ DE HONDERDJARIGE OORLOG STARTTE
HENRY VI, ACHTER ACHTERKLEINZOON VAN EDWARD III,
ONDER WIENS HEERSCHAPPIJ DE ENGELSEN DEFINITIEF UIT
FRANKRIJK WERDEN VERDREVEN, OP CALAIS NA

 

 

NATIONALE TONEEL JEANNE D’ARC/BRIEF OVER STUPIDE
OPMERKINGEN HOOFDROLSPEELSTER SALLIE HARMSEN
OVER JEANNE D’ARC
AAN DE DIRECTIE VAN HET
NATIONALE TONEEL
Onderwerp:
Uw voorstelling ”Jeanne d’Arc en de [forgive my language]
oerdomme bok,
die is geschoten door uw hoofdrolspeelster, Sallie Harmsen.
Opdracht:
Rectificeer dit in het eerstvolgende nummer van de Uitkrant!

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Edward II and Isabella/Reaction to the comments of Kathryn Warner[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]

Image result for philip iv of france
KING PHILIP THE FAIR, FATHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE
iImage result for she wolf of france

FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Image result for roger mortimer
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH, PARTNER
IN CRIME AND MOST LIKELY LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
Isabella and Roger Mortimer.jpg

15th-century manuscript illustration depicting Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in the foreground
ROGER MORTIMER AND QUEEN ISABELLA ON THE FOREGROUND
15TH CENTURY HISTORICAL  IMAGE

HISTORICAL IMAGE
HUGH LE DESPENSER THE YOUNGER, [ALONG WITH HIS
FATHER, THE ELDER] FAVOURITE TO KING EDWARD II,
WHO DIED A HORRIBLE DEATH AT THE ORDERS OF
QUEEN ISABELLA AND [MOST LIKELY] LOVER
ROGER MORTIMER AFTER THE INVASION OF
ISABELLA AND MORTIMER, WHICH LED TO THE DOWNFALL
AND FINAL DEATH OF KING EDWARD II

EDWARD II AND ISABELLA IN FICTION/REACTION TO THE
COMMENTS OF KATHRYN WARNER [EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT]
ABOUT ”THE SHE WOLF OF FRANCE” BY MAURICE DRUON

This [rather long] article is divided in

A

KATHRYN WARNER’S POSTS

B

HISTORY OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE FOURTEENTH
CENTURY/
ENGLAND AND FRANCE

C

MY COMMENTS ON THE POST OF KATHRYN WARNER
ON HER BLOG: EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT

D

TEXT OF KATHRYN WARNER’S POST, ON WHICH
I COMMENT
TO MY READERS

In this article, for the second time a critical comment
on historian/writer Kathryn Warner’s remarks about
the historical novel ”The She Wolf of France”, from
the French historian/writer Maurice Druon.

See her comments

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2006/05/edward-ii-novel-of-week-2-she-wolf-of.html

Below I give  my readers a further explanation
about Warner’s posts as well [what’s more important!]
background information about
the first half of
the fourtheenth century, regarding France and England.

But who knows already a lot about this
historical period, skip directly to

”MY COMMENTS ON THE POST OF KATHRYN WARNER
ON HER BLOG: EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT”

For the rest of my readers

ENJOY THIS TRAVEL TO THE PAST AND READ BELOW!

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The She Wolf of France by Maurice Druon/Reaction on the comments of Kathryn Warner/EdwardthesecondBlogspot

Image result for philip iv of france
KING PHILIP THE FAIR, FATHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE

Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE

iImage result for she wolf of france

FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Image result for roger mortimer
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH, PARTNER
IN CRIME AND MOST LIKELY LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
 
 
 

Isabella and Roger Mortimer.jpg

15th-century manuscript illustration depicting Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in the foreground
ROGER MORTIMER AND QUEEN ISABELLA ON THE FOREGROUND
15TH CENTURY HISTORICAL  IMAGE

HISTORICAL IMAGE
HUGH LE DESPENSER THE YOUNGER, [ALONG WITH HIS
FATHER, THE ELDER] FAVOURITE TO KING EDWARD II,
WHO DIED A HORRIBLE DEATH AT THE ORDERS OF
QUEEN ISABELLA AND [MOST LIKELY] LOVER
ROGER MORTIMER AFTER THE INVASION OF
ISABELLA AND MORTIMER, WHICH LED TO THE DOWNFALL
AND FINAL DEATH OF KING EDWARD II

 

 

THE SHE WOLF OF FRANCE/REACTION ON THE COMMENTS
OF KATHRYN WARNER/EDWARDTHE SECONDBLOGSPOT
UPDATE
Kathryn Warner has, in my view a great factual knowledge
of the Edward II period [first half of the fourteenth century] but
sometimes a poor insight in the historical events or human reactions, as shows itself in her comments on ”the She Wolf
of France”
Her arguments often lack  historical depth.
By the way, Kathryn Warner deleted my comment……
Silly, in those Internet times…………..
TO MY READERS
INTRODUCTION
As you will see, I’ll give a reaction on the comments of
Kathryn Warner, historian and writer of among else
”Edward II, an Unconventional King” and
”Isabella of France” [wife of Edward II].
Actually, she reacted on an historical fiction novel
”She Wolf of France”, about Isabella of France, fifth
in a series about the French Royal House in the first half
of the fourteenth century ”The Accursed Kings”, referring
to the ”curse of the Templars”
[See under Philip IV]
Below you will see her post [on her website] as my comment.
But I realized, that you only can follow the discussion, when you
know something of the background.
So underlying you find information about Isabella of
France and her father, King Philip IV
But who knows already a lot about the French and English history in
the beginning of the 14th century, in casu the history of Isabella of
France and her father, King Philip IV, can skip this information
and go directly to
MY COMMENTS ON THE POST OF KATHRYN WARNER
ON HER BLOG: EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
If not, read the following for more information:
AND ENJOY THE TRAVEL TO THE PAST!

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Philip IV of France/29 november 1314: Death of Philip IV of France

 

 

 

29 NOVEMBER 1314: DEATH OF PHILIP IV OF FRANCE
To my readers:
FOREWORD AND BACKGROUND:
Since the French King Philip IV is seen on the Edward II Blogspot,
hereby some information about
 the relation between the French King  Philip IV [Philip The Fair] and the English King Edward II
And by the way:
It was because the succeeding sons of Philip IV had no male heirs,
the Hundred Years war between England and France was sparked:
The relation:
King Philip IV was the father in law of King Edward II, since
his daughter Isabella of France [mother of the later King Edward III]
was married off [by her father Philip IV] to Edward II
SPARKING THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR/THE SALIC LAWS IN
FRANCE AND THE ENGLISH CLAIM TO THE FRENCH THRONE:
After the death of King Charles IV, the last surviving son of king Philip IV
and the uncle of Edward III [whose mother was the sister to Charles IV],
Edward III’s mother Isabella of France [the English Queen Isabella] claimed
the French throne for her son Edward III, being the closest relative
[nephew] of the late king Charles IV.
However, apart from the fact, the French nobility would never applaud
an English king ruling over France, Edward III could not inherit the French throne
anyway,
since in France, Salic laws [the right of succession, which exclude females]
were passed in 1316 by King Philip V [predecessor of King Charles IV]
And Edward only could would inherit the French throne by his mother Isabella
[being the daughter of Philip IV and sister to Philip V and Charles IV]
See for the background of the introduction of the Salic laws, based originally
on the  adultery of the French princesses in the Tour de Nesle Affair in 1317
Tour de Nesle Affair
Ironic however for King Philip V:
That King Philip V, who introduced the Salic Laws, of course thought his infant son would thus succeed him.
But his infant son died, he had only daughters left and they could not
inherit the throne………..
HUNDRED YEARS WAR ANYWAY
After denouncing the claim of Queen Isabella on the French throne
for her son Edward III, at first Edward III seemed to accept it,
But by various political causes,Edward III claimed the French throne again, it was of course
rejected by the French [who then had King Philip VI, the first Valois King, the son of
the brother of King Philip IV and thus a cousin of the late King Charles IV]
in 1337 the war broke out
See for the Hundred Years War
AND NOW BACK TO KING PHILIP IV

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