Monthly Archives: januari 2015

The Wars of the Roses/[Susan Higginbotham Blogspot]/The Will of Cecily, Duchess of York

Here’s another will for you: that of Cecily, Duchess of York. Cecily signed her will on May 31, 1495, at her home of Berkhamsted Castle, a few days before her death. Her will appears in Wills From Doctors’ Commons, edited by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce and available on Google Books.

Cecily’s will takes up eight pages and is printed in a single paragraph. I have taken the liberty of breaking down the bequests into paragraphs to make it more readable.

 

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The Wars of the Roses/Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter/Her marriage to Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter

 

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE

EDWARD IV, SON OF RICHARD, DUKE OF
YORK AND BROTHER OF ANNE OF YORK,
DUCHESS OF EXETER
[FICTION]

Sansa 1

ANNE PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF EXETER [MARRIED TO HENRY HOLLAND,
3TH DUKE OF EXETER], DAUGHTER OF THE DUKE OF YORK
[FICTION]
[PLANTAGENET IS THE NAME OF THE ROYAL HOUSE FROM
1154 TILL 1485. SINCE THE DUKE OF YORK WAS A DIRECT MALE
DESCENDANT OF EDMUND OF LANGLEY, FOURTH SON OF EDWARD III,
HIS FAMILY NAME WAS PLANTAGENET, HIS DAUGHTER’S
FAMILY NAME WAS ALSO PLANTAGENET]

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE WARS OF THE ROSES/ANNE OF YORK,DUCHESS OF
EXETER/HER MARRIAGE TO HENRY
HOLLAND, 3RD  DUKE OF EXETER
Dear Readers,
Today, I  take you to a journey of
the past again, this timeabout  the married  life of Anne of York [1]
daughter of Richard, Duke of York [2]
with Henry Holland, the 3rd Duke of Exeter. [3],
which was not quite a succes.
Why not?
ENTER THE WORLD

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The Wars of the Roses/Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter/The Duke of York’s motives for a large marriage portion to the Duke of Exeter/Comments on Susan Higginbotham’s Blog ”History Refreshed”

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
 COATS OF ARMS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK AND HIS SON
IN LAW, HENRY HOLLAND, 3TH DUKE OF EXETER,
BOTH DESCENDANTS OF KING EDWARD III.
HOWEVER, YORK HAD A BETTER CLAIM TO THE THRONE,
DESCENDED FROM THE SECOND SON OF EDWARD III [LIONEL
OF ANTWERP] WHILE
EXETER DESCENDED FROM THE THIRD SON [JOHN OF GAUNT]
TO BEGIN WITH:
ARMS OF THE ROYAL HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
DESCENDANTS OF THE PLANTAGENETS, AS
THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK, AND OF COURSE
THE PLANTAGENET KINGS, WEAR THOSE ARMS.
FROM THE REIGN OF KING EDWARD III, FRENCH LILIES
[BLUE BLACKGROUND] WERE ADDED TO THE ARMS, SINCE EDWARD III
CLAIMED THE FRENCH CROWN [BEING THE MATERNAL GRANDSON
OF THE DECEASED FRENCH KING PHILIP IV], WHICH WAS THE BEGINNING
OF THE HUNDRED YEAR’S WAR WITH FRANCE
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
Coat of arms with three lions, gold on red, in two quarter, fleurs de lys, gold on blue, in two.thumb
ARMS OF EDWARD III, THE FIRST
PLANTAGENET KING TO ADD THE FRENCH
LILIES [FLEURS DE LYS] BECAUSE OF
HIS CLAIM TO THE FRENCH THRONE
ARMS OF RICHARD,  DUKE OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE AND HENRY HOLLAND, 3TH DUKE OF EXETER, SON
IN LAW OF THE DUKE OF YORK
SINCE THE DUKE OF YORK DESCENDS [THROUGH HIS MOTHER,
ANNE MORTIMER] FROM LIONEL OF ANTWERP, SECOND SON
OF EDWARD III, HIS CLAIM TO THE THRONE IS SUPERIOR THAN HIS
SON IN LAW, SINCE HENRY HOLLAND DESCENDS OF JOHN OF GAUNT,
THIRD SON OF EDWARD III
ARMS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (Variant).svg
ARMS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
EXPLANATIONS OF THE ARMS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK

QUARTERLY 1ST [LEFT ABOVE] OF THE ARMS
OF THE DUKE OF YORK:
ROYAL ARMS OF HIS PATERNAL GRANDFATHER,
EDMUND OF LANGLEY,FIRST DUKE
OF YORK SON OF KING EDWARD III
HERE HE HAD A CLAIM TO THE THRONE, BUT LESS
VALID THAN FROM HIS MOTHER’S SIDE, SINCE LANGLEY
WAS THE FOURTH SON OF KING EDWARD III
[LANGLEY HAD THOSE ROYAL ARMS, BEING THE SON
OF A KING]
SECOND QUATERLY [ABOVE RIGHT]
OF THE ARMS
OF THE DUKE OF YORK
THE ARMS OF CASTILE AND LEON.
THOSE WERE THE ARMS OF THE
THE PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER OF
RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK,
ISABELLA OF CASTILE, DUCHESS OF
YORK
Arms of the House of Mortimer.svg
3RD QUATERLY [BELOW LEFT]
OF THE ARMS OF THE DUKE OF YORK
THE ARMS OF THE MORTIMERS
HIS MATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER,
PHILIPPA PLANTAGENET, DAUGHTER
OF LIONEL OF ANTWERP [WHO WAS THE SECOND
SON OF KING EDWARD III], MARRIED EDMUND
MORTIMER, 3RD EARL OF MARCH, WHO THUS
WAS THE GREAT GRANDFATHER OF RICHARD,
DUKE OF YORK.
Arms of the House of de Burgh.svg

3RD QUATERLY [BELOW LEFT]
OF THE ARMS OF THE DUKE OF YORK
THE ARMS OF THE EARLS OF ULSTER
ELIZABETH DE BURGH, DAUGHTER OF
WILLIAM DON DE BURGH, AND THE 4TH
COUNTESS OF ULSTER, WAS THE MATERNAL
GREAT GREAT GRANDMOTHER OF THE
DUKE OF YORK, BEING MARRIED WITH
HIS ANCESTOR, LIONEL OF ANTWERP
[SECOND SON OF KING EDWARD III]
4TH QUARTERLY [BELOW RIGHT]
OF THE ARMS OF THE DUKE OF YORK
ROYAL ARMS OF THE MATERNAL GREAT
GREAT GRANDFATHER OF THE DUKE OF YORK,
LIONEL OF ANTWERP, 1ST DUKE OF CLARENCE, AND
SECOND SON OF KING EDWARD III.
THIS WAS THE SUPERIOR CLAIM TO THE THRONE,
THE DUKE OF YORK HELD OVER THE LANCASTERS
[ALSO OVER KING HENRY VI, WHO WAS OF
THE LANCASTER HOUSE], SINCE THE LANCASTERS
DESCENDED FROM JOHN OF GAUNT, THE
THIRD SON OF KING EDWARD III.
THE IMAGE  IS A LITTLE DIFFERENT FROM THE
ABOVE IMAGE OF THE ROYAL ARMS OF THE DUKE
OF YORK, BUT THESE ARE THE ROYAL ARMS,
AS CARRIED BY ALL SONS OF KING EDWARD III,
THOUGH THERE ARE SOME VARIETIES.
SEE BELOW
SEE THE ARMS OF THE OTHER SONS

Sansa 1

ANNE PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF EXETER [MARRIED TO HENRY HOLLAND,
3TH DUKE OF EXETER], DAUGHTER OF THE DUKE OF YORK
[FICTION]
[PLANTAGENET IS THE NAME OF THE ROYAL HOUSE FROM
1154 TILL 1485. SINCE THE DUKE OF YORK WAS A DIRECT MALE
DESCENDANT OF EDMUND OF LANGLEY, FOURTH SON OF EDWARD III,
HIS FAMILY NAME WAS PLANTAGENET, HIS DAUGHTER’S
FAMILY NAME WAS ALSO PLANTAGENET]
Ex 5
HENRY HOLLAND, THIRD DUKE OF EXETER, SON
IN LAW OF THE DUKE OF YORK
[FICTION]
COATS OF ARMS OF  HENRY HOLLAND, 3TH DUKE OF EXETER AND
SON IN LAW OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK [MARRIED
TO HIS DAUGHTER ANNE OF YORK]
TO BEGIN WITH:
ARMS OF THE ROYAL HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
DESCENDANTS OF THE PLANTAGENETS, AS
THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK, AND OF COURSE
THE PLANTAGENET KINGS, WEAR THOSE ARMS.
FROM THE REIGN OF KING EDWARD III, FRENCH LILIES
[BLUE BLACKGROUND] WERE ADDED TO THE ARMS, SINCE EDWARD III
CLAIMED THE FRENCH CROWN [BEING THE MATERNAL GRANDSON
OF THE DECEASED FRENCH KING PHILIP IV], WHICH WAS THE BEGINNING
OF THE HUNDRED YEAR’S WAR WITH FRANCE
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
Coat of arms with three lions, gold on red, in two quarter, fleurs de lys, gold on blue, in two.thumb
ARMS OF EDWARD III, THE FIRST
PLANTAGENET KING TO ADD THE FRENCH
LILIES [FLEURS DE LYS] BECAUSE OF
HIS CLAIM TO THE FRENCH THRONE
ARMS OF HENRY HOLLAND, 3TH DUKE OF EXETER AND
SON IN LAW OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK [MARRIED
TO HIS DAUGHTER ANNE OF YORK]
ROYAL ARMS
SINCE THE DUKE OF EXETER DESCENDS FROM JOHN
OF GAUNT, THIRD SON OF EDWARD III, WHO WAS
HIS GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER, HE WEARS THE ROYAL
ARMS
ARMS OF JOHN HOLLAND, SECOND DUKE OF
EXETER, FATHER OF HENRY HOLAND [SON IN LAW OF
THE DUKE OF YORK]
AS THE GREAT GRANDSON OF JOHN OF GAUNT, THIRD SON
OF EDWARD III, JOHN HOLLAND WEARS THE ROYAL ARMS
ARMS OF JOHN HOLLAND, FIRST DUKE OF EXETER, GRANDFATHER
OF HENRY HOLLAND, 3TH DUKE OF EXETER [SON IN LAW
OF THE DUKE OF YORK]
Arms of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter.svg
AS THE GRANDSON OF JOHN OF GAUNT, THIRD SON
OF EDWARD III, HE WEARS THE ROYAL ARMS
IN A VARYING FORM, BUT CLEARLY THE ROYAL ARMS
JOHN OF HOLLAND, FIRST DUKE OF EXETER, WAS THE SON
OF ELIZABETH OF LANCASTER, DAUGHTER OF JOHN OF
GAUNT, THIRD SON OF EDWARD III
ELIZABETH LANCASTER WAS THE GREAT GRANDMOTHER OF
HENRY HOLLAND, THE SON IN LAW OF THE DUKE OF YORK
ARMS OF JOHN OF GAUNT,FIRST DUKE OF
LANCASTER, GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER OF
HENRY HOLLAND, 3TH DUKE OF EXETER AND
SON IN LAW OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
TO THE RIGHT, THE ARMS OF CASTILE AND LEON,
THE ARMS OF HIS SECOND WIFE, CONSTANCE OF CASTILE
TO THE LEFT, THE ROYAL ARMS, SINCE HE WAS THE THIRD SON
OF EDWARD III
JOHN OF GAUNT WAS DUKE OF LANCASTER BY HIS MARRIAGE WITH
BLANCHE OF LANCASTER, DAUGHTER OF JOHN GROSMONT,
FIRST DUKE OF LANCASTER AND FOURTH EARL OF LEICESTER
AND LANCASTER.
[SINCE HENRY OF GROSMONT HAD NO SURIVING SONS, JOHN
OF GAUNT INHERITED THE TITLE]
THE WARS OF THE ROSES/ANNE OF YORK, DUCHESS
OF EXETER/THE DUKE OF YORK’S MOTIVES FOR
A LARGE MARRIAGE PORTION TO THE DUKE
OF EXETER/COMMENTS ON SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM’S
BLOG ”HISTORY REFRESHED”
Dear Readers,
As you’ll see, I made some comments on the article
”Susan Higginbotham’s
interesting weblog ”History Refreshed”.
But before doing that, I take you to a journey of
the past again, this time the married  life of Anne of York ,
which was not quite a succes.
Why not?
ENTER THE WORLD

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I am not Charlie/Condemnation of the Charlie Hebdo attacks/No solidarity with racism and Islamophobia

 

CHARLIE HEBDO/RACISTIS IMAGE OF THE BLACK FRENCH
MINISTER OF JUSTICE AS A MONKEY
150107_BB_Hebdo1011_350

In 2011, a special edition of Charlie Hebdo entitled Sharia Hebdo featured a cartoon of the prophet Muhammad on the cover as “guest-editor”, saying: “100lashes if you don’t die of laughter!
CARTOON OF THE PROPHET MOHAMMED
 IN THE SOCALLED ”SHARIA EDITION” OF
CHARLIE HEBDO.
IT’S AN INSULT OF THE PROPHET MOHAMMED AS HOLY
FOR THE ISLAM AND STEREOTYPING OF THE ISLAM
150107_BB_Hebdo920_350

DENIGRATING AND INSULTING CARTOON OF CHARLIE HEBDO/
SUPPORT FOR FRENCH BURQA BAN WITH AS
TEXT/”OUI AUPORT DE LA BURQA, A L’ENTERIEUR””
[YES/FOR WEARING THE BURQA/FROM INSIDE]
 SEE BLUE HANDKERCHIEF

RACISTIST IMAGE OF WOMEN, WHO ARE ABDUCTED
BY BOKO HARAM/SEE THE FAT LIPS, THE
VAMPIRE TEETH AND STRANGE GRIMACES
THE WAY BLACK PEOPLE WERE DEPICTED IN
THE 19TH CENTURY, TIME OF SLAVERY AND
RACIST THEORIES OF SUPERIORITY
THIS  INFERIOR CARICATURE OF JEWS IN THE NAZI
PROPAGANDA  PAPER ”DER STURMER” HAS RESEMBLANCES
 WITH THE IMAGE OF THE WOMEN [ABOVE], AS THE DEPICTION
OF THE BLACK FRENCH MINISTER OF JUSTICE AS A MONKEY/
THE SAME HATESPEECH, THE SAME THEORY OF SUPERIORITY
People attend a rally to protest against satirical cartoons of prophet Mohammad, near the Heart of Chechnya mosque in Grozny, Chechnya January 19, 2015. (Reuters / Eduard Korniyenko)

People attend a rally to protest against satirical cartoons of prophet Mohammad, near the Heart of Chechnya mosque in Grozny, Chechnya January 19, 2015. (Reuters / Eduard Korniyenko)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

”DON”T BE AFRAID. I WON’T KILL YOU.
YOU’RE A WOMAN”
Sigolène Vinson, one of the survivors of the Charlie Hebdo massacre, has given an account of how her life was spared
Charlie Hebdo, a somewhat obscure magazine, [1] is suddenly is an
international star.
At wednesday 7 january, two masked gunmen killed ten members
of the Charlie Hebdo editorial staff and two police officers, during
an editorial meeting. [2]
Soon international political reactions burst out, from over the whole
world. [3]
The Dutch King Willem Alexander showed ”very shocked”, as the Dutch
prime minister Rutte [4] and the other heads of State.
Leitmotiv was the criminal act and, in various terms ”the attack
against freedom of expression, a precious fundamental freedom which we must continue to defend.” [5]
One of the few reactions, which looked farther, was the Indonesian,
which expressed, except a concdemnation  ” fear that Wednesday’s deadly shooting attack on the office of the French magazine, Charlie Hebdo, will harm Muslims around the world and hope the international community will be fair with this incident and not generalize it as part of Islam” [6]
Iran pointed out, that ” “making use of freedom of expression… to humiliate the monotheistic religions and their values and symbols is unacceptable.” [7]
And of course the Dutch extreme-right Europese political gangster,
PVV fuhrer G, Wilders [8], as other European racist scum, uttered
their hatespeech and war language against Islam and muslims. [9]
A ”Charlie Hausse” was created and millions in Europe
stood and shouted ”I am Charlie”
Cartoonists published more or less sordid cartoons [some
downright hatespeech] [10] and spontaneous ”I am Charlie”
demonstrations were held. [11]
This was only a prelude to the great Paris Charlie Hebdo March.
But there also were otherl sounds:
Morocco’s Foreign Minister Salahedinne Mezouar didn’t participate
with the Paris Charflie Hebdo March, because cartoons of the
Prophet Mohammed would be carried. [12]
The unity for Charlie Hebdo was not so broad as was
presented in de media:
An investigation of the Journal du Dimanche showed, that
four out of 10 French people think the magazine
Charlie Hebdo should not have published the Prophet
Mohammed cartoons because of the offense to muslims. [13]
A RIGHTFUL ”CHARLIE HAUSSE”?
OR IS THERE SOMETHING ROTTEN AT THE BOTTOM
OF ”CHARLIE”
Of course the killings of 12 people are never to be justified.
Understandable, thjat people want to show their grief and
solidarity.
But there is a big difference between showing your indignation
over a barbarous act and declaring solidarity with a magazine.
Because shouting ”Je suis Charlie” means identification
with the Charlie Hebd Magazine.
AND THAT’S THE POINT!
Because:
What is Charlie Hebdo and do they deserve solidarity?

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The Wars of the Roses/Richard of York’s claim to the throne/Letter to MichaelHistoryBlog about the article ”The Duke of York vs the Duke of Somerset: the initial cause of the War of the Roses”

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
AND ONE OF THE MAIN LEADERS OF THE WAR OF THE ROSES
TO BEGIN WITH:
ARMS OF THE ROYAL HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
DESCENDANTS OF THE PLANTAGENETS, AS
THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK, AND OF COURSE
THE PLANTAGENET KINGS, WEAR THOSE ARMS.
FROM THE REIGN OF KING EDWARD III, FRENCH LILIES
[BLUE BLACKGROUND] WERE ADDED TO THE ARMS, SINCE EDWARD III
CLAIMED THE FRENCH CROWN [BEING THE MATERNAL GRANDSON
OF THE DECEASED FRENCH KING PHILIP IV], WHICH WAS THE BEGINNING
OF THE HUNDRED YEAR’S WAR WITH FRANCE
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg
Coat of arms with three lions, gold on red, in two quarter, fleurs de lys, gold on blue, in two.thumb
ARMS OF EDWARD III, THE FIRST
PLANTAGENET KING TO ADD THE FRENCH
LILIES [FLEURS DE LYS] BECAUSE OF
HIS CLAIM TO THE FRENCH THRONE
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (Variant).svg
ARMS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
EXPLANATIONS OF THE ARMS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK

QUARTERLY 1ST [LEFT ABOVE] OF THE ARMS
OF THE DUKE OF YORK:
ROYAL ARMS OF HIS PATERNAL GRANDFATHER,
EDMUND OF LANGLEY,FIRST DUKE
OF YORK SON OF KING EDWARD III
HERE HE HAD A CLAIM TO THE THRONE, BUT LESS
VALID THAN FROM HIS MOTHER’S SIDE, SINCE LANGLEY
WAS THE FOURTH SON OF KING EDWARD III
[LANGLEY HAD THOSE ROYAL ARMS, BEING THE SON
OF A KING]
SECOND QUATERLY [ABOVE RIGHT]
OF THE ARMS
OF THE DUKE OF YORK
THE ARMS OF CASTILE AND LEON.
THOSE WERE THE ARMS OF THE
THE PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER OF
RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK,
ISABELLA OF CASTILE, DUCHESS OF
YORK
Arms of the House of Mortimer.svg
3RD QUATERLY [BELOW LEFT]
OF THE ARMS OF THE DUKE OF YORK
THE ARMS OF THE MORTIMERS
HIS MATERNAL GREAT GRANDMOTHER,
PHILIPPA PLANTAGENET, DAUGHTER
OF LIONEL OF ANTWERP [WHO WAS THE SECOND
SON OF KING EDWARD III], MARRIED EDMUND
MORTIMER, 3RD EARL OF MARCH, WHO THUS
WAS THE GREAT GRANDFATHER OF RICHARD,
DUKE OF YORK.

Arms of the House of de Burgh.svg

3RD QUATERLY [BELOW LEFT]
OF THE ARMS OF THE DUKE OF YORK
THE ARMS OF THE EARLS OF ULSTER
ELIZABETH DE BURGH, DAUGHTER OF
WILLIAM DON DE BURGH, AND THE 4TH
COUNTESS OF ULSTER, WAS THE MATERNAL
GREAT GREAT GRANDMOTHER OF THE
DUKE OF YORK, BEING MARRIED WITH
HIS ANCESTOR, LIONEL OF ANTWERP
[SECOND SON OF KING EDWARD III]
4TH QUARTERLY [BELOW RIGHT]
OF THE ARMS OF THE DUKE OF YORK
ROYAL ARMS OF THE MATERNAL GREAT
GREAT GRANDFATHER OF THE DUKE OF YORK,
LIONEL OF ANTWERP, 1ST DUKE OF CLARENCE, AND
SECOND SON OF KING EDWARD III.
THIS WAS THE SUPERIOR CLAIM TO THE THRONE,
THE DUKE OF YORK HELD OVER THE LANCASTERS
[ALSO OVER KING HENRY VI, WHO WAS OF
THE LANCASTER HOUSE], SINCE THE LANCASTERS
DESCENDED FROM JOHN OF GAUNT, THE
THIRD SON OF KING EDWARD III.
THE IMAGE  IS A LITTLE DIFFERENT FROM THE
ABOVE IMAGE OF THE ROYAL ARMS OF THE DUKE
OF YORK, BUT THESE ARE THE ROYAL ARMS,
AS CARRIED BY ALL SONS OF KING EDWARD III,
THOUGH THERE ARE SOME VARIETIES.
SEE BELOW
SEE THE ARMS OF THE OTHER SONS
THE WARS OF THE ROSES/RICHARD OF YORK’S CLAIM TO
THE THRONE/LETTER TO MICHAEL
HISTORY BLOG  ABOUT HIS ARTICLE ”THE DUKE OF YORK VS. THE DUKE
OF SOMERSET: THE INITIAL CAUSE OF THE WAR OF THE ROSES”
Dear Readers
Recently I discovered an interesting historical site ”MICHEALSHISTORYBLOG”,

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English history/[NevillFeast]/Letter from Richard, Earl of Cambridge [father of Richard, Duke of York], to King Henry V/Confession and plea for mercy

LETTER OF CONFESSION AND A PLEA FOR MERCY
OF RICHARD OF CONISBURGH [3TH EARL OF CAMBRIDGE], FATHER TO
RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK, FOR HIS ROLE IN THE SOUTHAMPTON PLOT
AGAINST KING HENRY V
Richard, Earl of Cambridge, was executed nevertheless in 1415,
leaving his son,  later the  Duke of York behind as an orphan, since his
mother, Anne Mortimer, died, bringing him into the world.
 MY REMARKS
SEE FURTHER:

While hunting down the full text of the Manner & Guiding, I stumbled across these two (too?) sad pieces of correspondence.

(from Ellis’s Original letters)

In 1415, when his son, Richard (later duke of York), was four years old, Richard, earl of Cambridge, was “accused of a treasonable conspiracy, indicted, convicted and beheaded” (p45). This has come to be known as the Southampton Plot. During his captivity he wrote two letters to the king, Henry V: a letter of confession and a plea for mercy, “but neither had any effect upon Henry” (p45).

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The Wars of the Roses/[NevillFeast]/York’s parliamentary pardon

THE WARS OF THE ROSES

An indispensable site for anyone researching the Wars of the Roses: British History Online. Here you can find, among other things, the Rolls of Parliament for the reigns of Henry VI, Edward IV and Richard III. There’s a lot you can access for free, but getting the full benefit of it costs around £36 a year. I really can’t do without it.

Immediately after the first battle of St Albans, York, Salisbury and Warwick attended the King in his quarters at St Albans Abbey. Abbot Whetehamstede gives York a hell of a speech denouncing the dead Somerset and urging Henry to ‘rejoice’ at both Somerset’s death and York’s triumph. “I am, and always was, and all my followers are and were your faithful – indeed, your most faithful – liegemen; and we will always remain…” York had been insisting the truth of this for some years now, so determined to get his point across that twice he stood with a sizeable band of armed men, demanding to be given access to the king.

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The Wars of the Roses/[A Nevill Feast]/Letter of Richard, Duke of York to Henry Holland, Duke of Exeter

THE WARS OF THE ROSES

In searching for Cecily Nevill’s letter to Margaret of Anjou, I also found this. I’m assuming that the confusion about its intended recipient is well and truly cleared up. Rawcliffe* thought it was a letter to Edward, earl of March, though it would have been extraordinary if it was. But as she also is prepared to believe that Edward threatened to march on London at the head of an army at the age of ten, her confusion is perhaps not quite so surprising. Bearing in mind that around this time Edward and his brother Edmund sent their father a letter asking for help against the bullying Crofts, I think that if he’d had an army powerful enough to threaten London he’d have been able to sort this out himself! Pugh** (correctly) links it with Henry Holland, duke of Exeter, who was, at the time it was written, fomenting rebellion (or trying to) in the north of England alongside those two well known rapscallions, Thomas and Richard Percy.  (below is the version as found in Rawcliffe.)

The letter is dated 8 May 1454.

 

 

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Annabel Nanninga/Afrikaanse bootvluchtelingen/Ebola als Endlosung der Migrantenfrage

2199433

EEN BOOT MET 200 VLUCHTELINGEN VOOR DE KUST VAN LAMPEDUSA

TEEVEN VINDT REDDEN BOOTVLUCHTELINGEN GEEN TAAK EU
Een boot vol vluchtelingen op weg naar de Canarische Eilanden

De asielzoekers die in de EU een vluchtelingenstatus krijgen, moeten zich vrij in alle lidstaten kunnen bewegen

MIDDELLANDSE ZEE BOOTVLUCHTELINGEN IN GAMMELE BOOTJES
OP WEG NAAR EUROPA
Annabel Nanninga, vroegere verslaggeefster en redacteur van de haatzaai website ”Geen Stijl” [1], is a piece of work.
Recentelijk verklaarde zij in een haatzaaiende stijl, die herinneringen opriep
aan de antisemitische hetze van nazi propagandist Julius Streicher [2], de oorlog aan ongeveer een miljard moslims en zo’n beetje iedereen, die weigert racist
en/of Islamofoob te zijn. [3]
Ik heb de handschoen opgenomen en een tegenreactie geschreven,
ik citeer:
”Annabel Nanninga, ik verklaar u de oorlog, zoals ik alle racisten, haatzaaiers en Islamofoben de oorlog verklaar.
Uw wereld van duisternis zal niet winnen.”
Dat velen mogen volgen in hun oorlogverklaring aan Nanninga’s
gevaarlijke haatzaaierij.
De rapper APPA heeft dit al gedaan in het NPO programma
”Jouw vrijheid, mijn vrijheid.” [4]
HEAR HEAR!
Maar wie dacht, dat dat alles was, vergist zich.
Deze kampioene van Islamofobie, haatzaaierij en rechts extremisme
is [waarom verbaast mij dat nu niet] ook een fervent vluchtelingenhater.
Vooral de Afrikaanse vluchtelingen, die de dodelijke oversteek
over de Middellandse Zee wagen, op zoek naar een beter bestaan
en op de vlucht voor oorlog en vervolging, moeten het ontgelden.

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De slachting bij Charlie Hebdo is een oorlogsverklaring/Annabel Nanninga, boodschapper van vijanddenken, hatespeech en Islamofobie

RESULTAAT HAATZAAIERIJ VAN MENSEN ALS ANNABEL NANNINGA
MET NAZI SYMBOLEN BEKLADDE MOSKEE
HET ”BESCHAAFDE WESTEN” VAN ANNABEL NANNINGA
FOTO VS DRONES, DIE DOOD EN VERDERF ZAAIEN IN PAKISTAN
EN YEMEN

HET ”BESCHAAFDE WESTEN” VAN ANNABEL NANNINGA
TEEVEN VINDT REDDEN BOOTVLUCHTELINGEN GEEN TAAK EU
A Roma community is subjected to forced eviction in Marseille, France, July 2013.

HET ”BESCHAAFDE WESTEN” VAN ANNABEL NANNINGA/ETNISCHE

ZUIVERINGEN ROMA IN FRANKRIJK

A Roma community is subjected to forced eviction in Marseille, France, July 2013.

© Raphaël

Na de misdadige aanval op het hoofdkantoor van Charlie Hebdo, waarbij
twaalf mensen het leven verloren [1] en de diarrhee aan ”Ik ben Charlie”
protesten [2], met de daarbij behorende hypocrisie van politici [3], heb ik heel wat hysterische anti-Islam reacties gelezen, maar het vuilnisstukje van
Annabel Nanninga ”De slachting van Charlie Hebdo is een oorlogsverklaring”, [4]
slaat alles.
Het was bijna, alsof ik werd teruggeplaatst in de tijd en nazi ideoloog
Julius Streicher [5] tegen de Joden hoorde razen en tieren in zijn
weerzinwekkende blaadje ”Der Sturmer” [6]
Ik zeg:
BIJNA
Want natuurlijk is Annabel Nanninga Julius Streicher niet en zijn de omstandigheden
in West Europa anno 2015 heel anders.
En natuurlijk is er verschil tussen hetze tegen Joden, die tot een groep behoren
[waardoor het racisme/antisemitisme is], en tegen moslims,
die een diversiteit van etnische groeperingen zijn [waardoor het discriminatie is
en geen racisme]
Maar in essentie is het even gevaarlijk.

 

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Reacties uitgeschakeld voor De slachting bij Charlie Hebdo is een oorlogsverklaring/Annabel Nanninga, boodschapper van vijanddenken, hatespeech en Islamofobie

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