Notes 401-451 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

[401]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321-1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward- iis-campaign-of-13211322-1. html

 

 

 

 

[402]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321-1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward- iis-campaign-of-13211322-1. html

[403]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321-1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward- iis-campaign-of-13211322-1. html

[404]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321-1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward- iis-campaign-of-13211322-1. html

[405]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321/1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward-iis-campaign-of-13211322-1.html

[406]

”Edward II’s campaign against the Marchers went well, and although the Marchers were desperately hoping for the earl of Lancaster’s support, Thomas failed to come to their aid – although he had begun besieging the royal castle of Tickhill near Doncaster by 10 January 1322, presumably because its constable William Aune was Edward’s spy in the north.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancaster-and-his.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
(NOT SO) BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES (5): WILLIAM AUNE
24 FEBRUARY 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/02/not-so-brief-biographies-5-william-aune.html

”Rather than ride to the rescue of the besieged barons Rogers Mortimer of Chirk and Wigmore at Shrewsbury in January 1322, Lancaster turned his attention instead to besieging Edward II’s castle at Tickhill near Doncaster whose royal garrison had long kept an eye on the earl’s movements”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post-by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster/

[407]

”The royalists also seized the castles of Holt and Bromfield, which belonged to the earl of Lancaster, which meant that he was now in no position to come and help the Marchers…….which was probably also a factor in the Mortimers’ submission”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321/1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward-iis-campaign-of-13211322-1.html

[408]

Roger Mortimer and his uncle, Roger Mortimer de Chirk surrendered to the King at Shrewsbury on 22 January 1322

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War#Second_phase:_October_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321/1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward-iis-campaign-of-13211322-1.html

[409]

”On 6 February, Lord Berkeley and Hugh Audley the Elder, father of Edward’s former favourite, gave up the fight and surrendered to Edward at Hereford”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321/1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward-iis-campaign-of-13211322-1.html

[410]

HENRY, ANCESTOR OF THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER

Henry of Lancaster inherited his lands from his deceased
brother Thomas of Lancaster [in 1324 the Earldom of Leicester and
after the deposition of Edward II the Earldom of Lancaster lands, but
not Salisbury, which Thomas of Lancaster had inherited jure uxoris
from his father in law and was forfeited by his execution, as his other lands], which Edward III would give to his close friend, William Montecute

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Montagu,_1st_Earl_of_S alisbury

Anyway, Henry’s granddaughter, Blanche of Lancaster [the daughter
of his son Henry of Grosmont, the first Duke of Lancaster] was married
to John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III, who inherited the title
”Duke of Lancaster, jure uxoris, after the death of his father in law.

So the House of Lancaster was formed, which would fight with the House
of York [two branches of the Plantagenert House]  a battle to the death for the crown, the Wars of the Roses.

See below for Earl of Salisbury and the House of Lancaster

SEE THE CREATIONS OF THE EARLDOM OF SALISBURY

WIKIPEDIA
EARLS OF SALISBURY, SECOND CREATION, 1337

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Earl_of_Salisbury#Earls_of_Sal isbury.2C_Second_Creation_.281 337.29

WIKIPEDIA
EARL OF SALISBURY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Earl_of_Salisbury

SEE ALSO

WIKIPEDIA
HOUSE OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ House_of_Lancaster

[411]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

[412]

” Henry took part in the campaign against Llywelyn Bren in early 1316, with Sir William Montacute

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

”Among the men the king chose to campaign against Llywelyn and arrest him for his “diverse homicides, depredations, arsons and other offences” were:
– Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, Edward’s brother-in-law, killed at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322
– Roger Mortimer, yes, that Roger Mortimer, then in his late twenties and loyal to the king
– Roger Mortimer of Chirk, his uncle
– Bartholomew Badlesmere, steward of Edward II’s household from 1318 to 1321 and executed in 1322
– Oliver Ingham, future seneschal of Gascony, arrested with Roger Mortimer in October 1330 by Edward III
– John Giffard of Brimpsfield, executed in York in 1322
– the earl of Lancaster’s brother Henry, Edward II’s first cousin
– Rhys ap Gruffydd of South Wales, one of Edward’s staunchest supporters, even after his deposition (see below)
– Edward II’s current court favourites Roger DamoryHugh Audley and William Montacute, the latter the father of Edward III’s close friend William Montacute, earl of Salisbury.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
AN UPRISING IN SOUTH WALES, 1316
18 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/01/uprising-in- south-wales-1316.html

[413]

”A confederation of allies formed against Hugh Despenser the Younger and by extension the king: the two Roger Mortimers; Edward II’s brother-in-law Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford; Edward’s two former ‘favourites’ Roger Damory and Hugh Audley; Roger, Lord Clifford; John ‘the Rich’ Giffard, lord of Brimpsfield; possibly John, Lord Hastings; Sir John Charlton, formerly Edward II’s chamberlain; the earl of Lancaster’s younger brother Henry, who was Edward’s first cousin and Hugh Despenser’s brother-in-law; Maurice, Lord Berkeley and his sons Thomas and Maurice; and a whole host of other lords and knights. ]]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EXILE OF THE DESPENSERS, 29 AUGUST 1321
29 AUGUST 2015

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/08/the-exile- of-despensers-29-august-1321. html

[414]

”Henry appears to have spent much if not all of the next few years in France, to judge from the number of times Edward granted him permission and protection to remain overseas (he was still out of England in January 1322 and perhaps even later)”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaster.html

[415]

DICTIONARY CAMBRIDGE

SETTLE AN (OLD) SCORE
ALSO SETTLE OLD SCORES

to harm someone because they have harmed you in the past

http://dictionary.cambridge.or g/dictionary/english/settle-an -old-score

[416]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[417]

PHRASES.ORG

AS THICK AS THIEVES

Close friends with; sharing confidences

http://www.phrases.org.uk/mean ings/as-thick-as-thieves.html

[418]

”Edward II’s campaign against the Marchers went well, and although the Marchers were desperately hoping for the earl of Lancaster’s support, Thomas failed to come to their aid – although he had begun besieging the royal castle of Tickhill near Doncaster by 10 January 1322, presumably because its constable William Aune was Edward’s spy in the north.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[419]

NONSENSE OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER

”His cousin responded that he had drawn no rebels to himself, nor was he accustomed to nourish rebels, but if he knew where such were to be found, he would kill them or expel them from the country.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2010/05/thomas-of- lancaster-and-his.html

[420]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[421]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[422]

”He made a fateful error. Rather than ride to the rescue of the besieged barons Rogers Mortimer of Chirk and Wigmore at Shrewsbury in January 1322, Lancaster turned his attention instead to besieging Edward II’s castle at Tickhill near Doncaster whose royal garrison had long kept an eye on the earl’s movements.”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS

22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[423]

”In the north, Lancaster was attempting to enlist the support of the Scots in a bid to bring more forces to bear before Edward could retake south Wales”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[424]

THE FREE DICTIONARY

PARLEY

”A discussion or conference,  especially one between enemies  over terms of truce or other  matters.”

http://www.thefreedictionary. com/parley

[425]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancaster-and-his.html

[426]

WIKIPEDIA
CIRCUMSTANCIAL EVIDENCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circumstantial_evidence

[427]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancaster-and-his.html

[428]

WIKIPEDIA
JAMES DOUGLAS, LORD OF DOUGLAS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ James_Douglas,_Lord_of_Douglas

[429]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[430]

WIKIPEDIA
PSEUDONYM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Pseudonym

[431]

[431]

WIKIPEDIA
JOHN DE MOWBRAY, 2ND BARON MOWBRAY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Mowbray,_2nd_Baron_Mowbray

WIKIPEDIA
ROGER DE CLIFFORD, 2ND BARON DE CLIFFORD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_de_Clifford,_2nd_Baron_de_Clifford

[432]

Homie (from “homeboy“) is an English language slang term found in American urban culture, whose origins etymologists generally trace[1] to Mexican-American Spanglish from the late 19th century, with the word “homeboy” meaning a male friend from back home.”

WIKIPEDIA
HOMIE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homie

[433]

”Mowbray had, a few months earlier, stolen livestock, goods and chattels from the villagers of Laughton-en-le-Morthern in Yorkshire, and even robbed the church. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-despenser-malefactors-and.html

[434]

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[435]

WIKIPEDIA
THE ORDINANCES OF 1311

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Ordinances_of_1311

THE ORDINANCES OF 1311

DOCUMENTS IN ENGLISH HISTORY
[TEXT]

http://historyofengland. typepad.com/documents_in_ english_hist/2013/02/the- ordinances-of-1311.html

[436]

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[437]

”With someone like Sir Robert Holland, Thomas of Lancaster’s close ally who also abandoned him in 1321/22 and was murdered by some of Thomas’s former adherents in 1328, you can see that Henry must still have been angry with Holland for his betrayal, as he took his killers under his protection.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE MURDER OF SIR ROGER BELERS
14 SEPTEMBER 2012

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2012/09/the-murder-of-sir-roger-belers.html

[438]

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[439]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[440]

WIKIPEDIA
BATTLE OF BURTON BRIDGE (1322)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Battle_of_Burton_Bridge_(1322)

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[441]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[442]

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[443]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[444]

”Thomas at first refused, protesting that they would be seen as treacherously fleeing towards the Scots, but Lord Clifford’s waving his sword in his face soon changed his mind, and they set off for the north. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[445]

WIKIPEDIA
ANDREW HARCLAY, 1ST EARL OF CARLISLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Andrew_Harclay,_1st_Earl_of_Ca rlisle

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ANDREW HARCLAY, EARL OF CARLISLE
5 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/04/andrew-harclay- earl-of-carlisle.html

[446]

”In November 1318, Andrew and his brother John had been pardoned as adherents of Lancaster.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ANDREW HARCLAY, EARL OF CARLISLE
5 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/04/andrew-harclay- earl-of-carlisle.html

[447]

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[448]

WIKIPEDIA
HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 4TH EARL OF HEREFORD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Humphrey_de_Bohun,_4th_Earl_ of_Hereford

WIKIPEDIA
ROGER DE CLIFFORD, 2ND BARON DE CLIFFORD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Roger_de_Clifford,_2nd_Baron_ de_Clifford

THE FATHER OF ROGER DE CLIFFORD WAS:

WIKIPEDIA
ROBERT DE CLIFFORD, 1ST BARON DE CLIFFORD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_de_Clifford,_1st_Baron_ de_Clifford

ROBERT DE CLIFFORD WAS ONE OF THE BESIEGERS OF
PIERS GAVESTON IN 1312

”In 1312 together with the Earl of Lancaster he took part in the movement against Piers Gaveston Edward II’s favourite, whom he besieged in Scarborough Castle.”

WIKIPEDIA
ROBERT DE CLIFFORD, 1ST BARON DE CLIFFORD/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_de_Clifford,_1st_Baron_ de_Clifford#Career

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ROBERT DE CLIFFORD, 1ST BARON DE CLIFFORD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_de_Clifford,_1st_Baron_ de_Clifford

[449]

WIKIPEDIA
ANDREW HARCLAY, 1ST EARL OF CARLISLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Andrew_Harclay,_1st_Earl_of_ Carlisle

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ANDREW HARCLAY, EARL OF CARLISLE
5 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/04/andrew- harclay-earl-of-carlisle.html

[450]

”The rebel forces were halted by loyalist troops at the wooden bridge at Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, where Humphrey de Bohun, leading an attempt to storm the bridge, met his death on 16 March 1322.Although the details have been called into question by a few historians, his death may have been particularly gory. As recounted by Ian Mortimer:[2]
“[The 4th Earl of] Hereford led the fight on the bridge, but he and his men were caught in the arrow fire. Then one of de Harclay’s pikemen, concealed beneath the bridge, thrust upwards between the planks and skewered the Earl of Hereford through the anus, twisting the head of the iron pike into his intestines. His dying screams turned the advance into a panic.””’

WIKIPEDIA
HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 4TH EARL OF HEREFORD/DEATH AT BOROUGHBRIDGE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Humphrey_de_Bohun,_4th_Earl_ of_Hereford#Death_at_ Boroughbridge

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 4TH EARL OF HEREFORD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Humphrey_de_Bohun,_4th_Earl_ of_Hereford

[451]

WIKIPEDIA
THE BATTLE OF BOROUGHBRIDGE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Boroughbridge

UK BATTLEFIELDS RESOURCE CENTRE
BOROUGHBRIDGE CAMPAIGN

http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/campainview.asp?CampainId=11

UK BATTLEFIELDS RESOURCE CENTRE

BATTLE OF BOROUGHBRIDGE
16 MARCH 1322

http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=7

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
AFTERMATH OF BATTLE OF BOROUGHBRIDGE, 1322
16 MARCH 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/03/aftermath-of-battle-of-boroughbridge.html

YOUTUBE.COM
DESPENSER WAR

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzTNTr-8WJs&t=486s

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Notes 401-451 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

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