Tagarchief: Amnesty International

The International Red Cross, the Ukrainian refugees and the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus/Do you treat them with equal attention, Red Cross?

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists. Photograph: Wojtek Radwański/AFP/Getty Images
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

Fallen tree in the Białowieża Forest

Bialowieza National Park in Poland0029.JPG
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bia%C5%82owie%C5%BCa_Forest

REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS

War of Russia against Ukraine. War refugees in Ukraine. KYIV, UKRAINE - Mar. 05, 2022: War of Russia against Ukraine. Women, old people and children evacuated stock images

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS, UKRAINIAN REFUGEES AND REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS/DO YOU TREAT THEM WITH EQUAL ATTENTION, INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS?

ASTRID ESSED LETTER!

TO 

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

PRESIDENT AND ASSEMBLY

Subject:

Questions about the International Red Cross attitude against

Ukrainian refugees versus refugees trapped between Belarus and

Poland

Your mission as International Red Cross

The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes – and those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.

https://www.icrc.org/en/who-we-are/mandate

[When you are pressed with time, go directly to the part below:

”QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS”]

Dear President

Dear members of the Assembly,

Firstly my great appreciation for your fantastic and indispensable Work

through the whole world!

Without your humanitarian involvement and the sometimes great risks

your co workers take, life would be extremely difficult, if not impossible,

for the millions of people you are helping day after day.

But even the best of organisations need critical attention and have their 

flaws and that’s precisely the reason of this letter.

For in my opinion the International Red Cross attention for the Ukrainian

refugees, who have crossed the Polish Border is far more greater than the attention for the refugees, who tried to cross the Polish Border and are still trapped between the borders of Poland and Belarus.

Now I will not say, that the International Red Cross did nothing for these refugees.

On the contrary:

My great appreciation for the Good Work of the Finnish Red Cross, that 

helped those people wonderfully! [1]

I also appreciate the emergency calls and involvement

of the American Red Cross, The Belarus Red Cross, the Poland Red Cross,

the Lithuanian Red Cross and the other Red Cross departments [2]

Thank you, Finnish Red Cross [which gets this letter cc also]

and thank you, the other mentioned and peerhaps not mentioned Red Cross departments !

Also a Shout out to all those anonymous Polish people,

who helped refugees! [3]

And I express my appreciation to the president of the International

Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies mr F Rocca, who

stated, that thee should be no difference in the reception and protection

of refugees, whether they are Ukrainians or coming from other countries.

I quote him:

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,”and

“This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.” [4]

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES VERSUS REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN

POLAND AND BELARUS

I referred to the great attention of the International Red Cross to the Ukrainian

refugees [5] and don’t get me wrong:

I appreciate that very much and I think it is of the utmost importance to stand

for these people, who were the victims of the Russian invasion and had to flee their countries under so dramatic circumstances.

I sympathise with all refugees whoever they are and where they came from

and I know the International Red Cross does the same.

And yet, according to me, sometimes things go wrong.

Too often I learn from people from the field: Volunteers who do their utmost

to help those. who are trapped between the borders of Belarus and Poland, that

the Red Cross is not, or not enough, present to help the between border refugees”:

I quote something that made great impression on me:

It’s from mrs Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority

Right Group [also mentioned in cc] and member of the Grupa Granica:

Quote: [first in Dutch, then translation in English]:

”Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? ” [6]

In English:

”Where is the Red Cross, The International Organisation for Migration

of the UN and the UNHCR? 

Those organisations which even operate in warzones?

Which bring food and water to the most dangerous criminals?

Is Elina, 5, more dangerous and worth less?

Mrs Albot also published this article in the Guardian [8 december 2021]

QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

This was in december 2021

And to my knowledge, the situation of the refugees, trapped

in the Polish-Belarussian border is yet inhuman, as is the

situation of the refugees, who reached Poland and are in

Polish detention centres in dire conditions.

See the statement of Amnesty International [7]

Now I had the impression, that on this moment, the main attention

of the International Cross goes to the Ukrainian refugees and that the

trapped refugees between Poland and Belarus are somewhat forgotten.

When I am wrong, please send me the information about

your involvement in the no one land between those borders.

When I am NOT wrong, please explain to me, why the International

Red Cross shows less attention to those refugees:

Are you being hindered in your activities, something volunteers have experienced in the past months? [8]

And if that’s so, what did you do, as an International Organisation, to

address to this situation?

Did you write to the Polish and Belarussian authorities?

Did you gave press conferences about this?

Did you try to visit the Polish detention centres, where, according to the

information of Amnesty International, the border refugees are being

mistreated and denied their right to asylum? [9]

If not, why not?

Because you are hindered in your activities?

And again the question:

If you are hindered in your activities, what did you do to protest and get access anyway, as

is your right and obligation as the International Red Cross?

And when, suppose you HAD access to the mentioned detention centres and

were not hindered in your activities, why did you give more attention

to the Ukrainian refugees then to those trapped between Belarus and

Poland.

Again, I don’t say you on purpose neglected those between borders refugees, I only had the impression more attention went to the Ukrainian refugees, who have, of course, the full right to your attention, only not more then

others.

EPILOGUE

Dear president, members of the International Red Cross, I hope you

forgive me my bold and critical questions, but they were necessary:

Like Amnesty International [10] I am very concerned about the

inhuman situation of the refugees between the border, as their reception in

Poland, that is quite different from the warm welcome

the Ukrainian refugees received, as it should be for all refugees.

You as a great humanitarian organisation can make the difference and

show the World and especially the European leaders, that all refugees 

must be treated and received humanely, regardless where they came from

or what their origins are.

Do your best.

The refugees count on you!

And if you’re pressed with time and can’t answer me, no problem

All I want is that you do your humanitarian task to all refugees,

whoever they are

Thank you

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

THE FINISH RED CROSS

THE RED CROSS IS HELPING MIGRANTS STRUGGLING IN

DANGEROUS CONDITIONS AT THE EU’S EASTERN BORDER

24 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.redcross.fi/news/2021/the-red-cross-is-helping-migrants-struggling-in-dangerous-conditions-at-the-eus-eastern-border/

The situation of migrants trying to enter the EU at the border of Poland, Lithuania and Belarus is alarming. Thousands of migrants have been stuck on the border region since early autumn. The situation of people sleeping without shelter is expected to worsen as the winter approaches.

The Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian Red Cross organisations are helping migrants at the borders by distributing food, clean water, hygiene supplies, clothes and blankets and by offering essential health care.

The health of the people sleeping rough is at continuous risk. At least 10 people are known to have died. Among them, a 14-year-old boy who died of hypothermia.

“There are hundreds of children at the border, many of whom have been separated from their families. The are also pregnant women and disabled people among the migrants. Their situation is worsening by the hour as the crisis drags on and nights become colder,” says the Director of International Operations at the Finnish Red Cross Tiina Saarikoski.

“All states are obliged to ensure that humanitarian aid gets through to its target. People have the right to necessary protection, care and safety, regardless of whether they are granted the right to stay in the country or not.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross helps migrants establish contact with their family members. 

The Finnish Red Cross maintains preparedness for large-scale migration as part of its continuous readiness. As agreed with the authorities, the Red Cross is permanently prepared to establish and maintain reception centres and temporary accommodation units at the request of the authorities.

The Finnish Red Cross has not received official requests in relation to the situation in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. 
 
“The most important thing right now is to deliver necessary aid to the migrants in unsafe conditions and allow humanitarian operators to provide aid,” Saarikoski emphasises. 

[2]

AMERICAN RED CROSS

THOUSANDS AT BELARUS BORDER IN NEED

OF HUMANITARIAN AID

https://www.redcross.org/about-us/news-and-events/news/2021/thousands-at-belarus-border-in-need-of-humanitarian-aid.html

November 15, 2021

The Red Cross is urgently providing relief efforts as thousands of people risk their lives in freezing conditions along the Belarus-Poland border. At least 10 people have died and an estimated 2,000 people are living in makeshift camps near the border between Belarus and neighboring countries Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) urges unhindered access to the border be provided to help the men, women and children risking their lives for a safer future. 

Belarus Red Cross has been coordinating aid from partners since last week, distributing food, water, blankets and warm clothes. Staff and volunteers are involved in a continuous response to the situation, sorting and distributing packages, as well as helping authorities set up heating tents for women and children. Assistance was also provided for three children who were hospitalized.

“We are concerned about the increasingly serious situation on the Poland-Belarus border, after large groups of migrants arrived there on November 8. We call for access for the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations so that all people in need, at the border and other locations, can receive medical treatment, humanitarian assistance and protection services,” said Andreas von Weissenberg, IFRC Europe’s head of Disasters, Climate and Crises.

“While Belarus Red Cross has thankfully been given some access to provide vital life-saving aid to people enduring hunger and freezing conditions, we need that access to be regular and also get access on the other side of the border. People need to be treated humanely,” von Weissenberg said.

The Polish Red Cross has been responding to this crisis for several weeks, delivering blankets, sleeping bags and clothes. Local branches are supporting migrants in provinces near the border with food, water and hygiene kits, as well as providing first aid and helping people trace family members.

Lithuanian Red Cross teams have also been supporting migrants close to the border with water, hygiene kits, footwear and clothing, as well as toys for children. In five large reception centers, volunteers provide food and other humanitarian aid, offer psychological support and legal assistance and help people reconnect with their loved ones by providing mobile phones and SIM cards.

IFRC is in the process of providing the Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross with emergency funding to support the migrants with food, clothes, hygiene items, first aid and family reunification services.

“Humanitarian organizations must be granted unconditional and safe access to all people in need, irrespective of their legal status. People are crossing the border with just the clothes on their backs. They need food, medicine, hygiene items, clothing, and protective equipment against COVID-19. We must be allowed to deliver critical assistance and we want to see a peaceful, humane and rights-based solution to the situation,” von Weissenberg concluded. 

[3]

24/7  NEWS BULLETIN

IT’S HEART BREAKING: HOW POLISH VOLUNTEERS

RESCUE POVERTY STRICKEN MIGRANTS AT

THE BELARUSIAN BORDER

11 NOVEMBER 2021

While the official Warsaw refuses to let in the migrants who have accumulated on the Belarusian border, not wanting to recognize them as refugees, many Poles express a desire to help people in difficult situations.

In the Polish media, you can see lists of various NGOs that are involved in helping migrants, as well as talk about ways to help them. One of the most popular is called a financial donation, but it is also suggested to become a volunteer working with refugees. The monetary contributions are spent on humanitarian transportation, shelter, medical and legal assistance, and integration with the host society.

“You don’t have to be at the border to help refugees,” writes Gazeta Wyborcza. “We can’t do much on this issue, but here’s exactly what we can: offer a blanket, a sleeping bag or waterproof clothing.”

Among the organizations that help refugees and migrants, mention is made, for example, of Caritas Polska, which carries out humanitarian aid campaigns both in Poland and abroad. This organization operates centers for refugees and migrants in Szczecin, Kalisz and Warsaw, providing systematic assistance in the field of intercultural integration, career counseling, psychological and legal assistance, classes in community centers and educational packages. Since the beginning of the current migration crisis at the Polish-Belarusian border, Caritas Polska has been organizing humanitarian transfers to centers where foreigners arrive, providing migrants with food, detergents, hygiene items, and blankets.

Helping migrants and the Polish Red Cross collecting material gifts for aid packages for migrants. Donations are accepted at Red Cross offices throughout Poland. Currently, the most in demand are: jackets, sweaters, thick socks, warm shoes, hats, scarves, blankets and sleeping bags. At the same time, clothes and shoes must be new or used, but in good condition. High-energy products are accepted (bars, chocolate, dried fruits), as well as other food products (pies and other canned poultry, canned fish, crackers, waffles, etc.).

The Polish non-governmental humanitarian organization Grupa Granica, which monitors the situation on the Polish-Belarusian border, believes that refugees need to be rescued as soon as possible. Indeed, if the Polish border police finds injured migrants before doctors, they send them back to Belarus, explaining this step by the fact that their health condition may deteriorate at any time, and the risk of death in such conditions is great.

The Guardian tells how 15 Iraqi Kurds ended up in the forests of the Polish village of Narewka after they managed to cross the border of Belarus and the European Union. All migrants had early signs of hypothermia. One woman could hardly walk. They had no choice but to turn to volunteers for help. A team from Grupa Granica, before the border guards, found migrants who found themselves in completely extreme conditions. It was already starting to get dark, and the temperature dropped to almost zero degrees. Volunteers distributed blankets and hot tea to people.

After some time, the police arrived in the forest. Up to this point, volunteers have explained to the frozen migrants how to properly apply for asylum.

“We have about eight teams operating near the border and a total of about 40 people,” Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority Rights Group and member of Grupa Granica, told The Guardian. – Whenever we receive calls from migrant families, we send a request to our teams and check who is closest to the place. People often ask for food, water, a doctor, or clothing. The other day I met a Syrian family who didn’t even have shoes. ”

Anna Chmielewska, coordinator of the Center for Assistance to Foreigners in Warsaw, noted that “it is difficult to work in the border zone for several reasons”. First, the Polish police stop the cars of the volunteers a few kilometers before the Kuznitsa checkpoint on the Polish-Belarusian border. The fact is that three kilometers from the border begins the territory on which the state of emergency is in force, so access to it is prohibited.

“We cannot get into this zone and help the people who are there,” she added. “Only local residents can do this.” According to her, volunteers only have the opportunity to contact migrants only when they can pass the border zone: “But not everyone succeeds in doing this. Winter is coming and people are not ready to stay outside in the cold day after day. We are afraid that bad weather will lead to more deaths. It’s heartbreaking for us. “

In addition, the activist said that border police officers often behave quite aggressively. “We are not doing anything illegal, but they make us feel like we are violators,” Khmelevska said. “Helping people is okay. But in the current situation we seem to be engaged in secret activities. “

According to a representative of another non-governmental Polish organization, Medycy na granicy (Doctors at the Border – MK), border guards periodically obstruct the provision of medical assistance to migrants.

On their official Facebook page, the volunteers reported that before going on another call, they found that the ambulance’s wheels had been deflated. In addition, the doctors found “people in uniform” at the service car, and an olive-colored car with registration numbers beginning with the letters denoting the off-road vehicles of the Polish army stood nearby, the report said.

The doctors added that they tried to talk to the people sitting in the car, but they left almost immediately. Then they turned to the Ministry of National Defense of Poland with a request to “urgently provide clarification regarding this shameful incident.”

The department gave a response almost immediately. “The soldiers of the Polish army have no relation to the damage to the ambulance at the border,” the ministry’s press service informed. “They have much more serious questions than the denial of fake news in the media space.”

At the same time, such situations do not lead volunteers astray. They continue to provide assistance to refugees. On their social networks, doctors posted a post in five languages – English, French, Arabic, Persian and Kurdish – with the following content: “If you or someone from your family needs any humanitarian or medical assistance on the Polish-Belarusian border, write US. We will connect you with the right people. “

Those wishing to help migrants have to face not only opposition from the authorities. After one of the theaters in the city of Legnica began collecting gifts for refugees on the Polish-Belarusian border, it was attacked by haters on the Internet. “But there are more people willing to help,” says one of the initiators of the action.

In this regard, Polish volunteers are pleased to know that activists from Germany are trying to help migrants stranded on the Polish-Belarusian border. According to the Polish Internet resource Oko.press, a group of German volunteers came to Poland to deliver parcels for refugees to local organizations, show solidarity with immigrants and protest against the actions of the Polish authorities and the inaction of German politicians.

“We have free seats on the bus,” says one of the activists Ruben Neugebauer. “We could take people who need help with us. If only the German government would agree to this … We call on the German authorities to create humanitarian corridors on the Polish-Belarusian border. This should be one of the priorities of the government that is currently being formed in Germany. “

.

Source From: MK

[4]

IFRC PRESIDENT: ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY SHOULD NOT

BE DECIDING FACTORS IN SAVING LIVES

16 MAY 2022/PRESS RELEASE

https://www.ifrc.org/press-release/ifrc-president-ethnicity-and-nationality-should-not-be-deciding-factors-saving-lives

New York / Geneva, 16 May 2022 – President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Francesco Rocca calls on states to step up to their responsibility to save lives, no matter where people are from, ahead of the first review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM).

Mr Rocca says: “When I was in Marrakech for the adoption of the GCM I made a statement that the world’s approach to migration is painfully broken – but that the GCM can fix it. As we begin the first review of the progress made since then, I am sad to say that this has not been the case so far. Not enough changes to policies and practices to ensure safe and dignified migration have taken place, and many more lives have been lost due to that failure to act.”

On the world’s deadliest sea migration route, the central Mediterranean, the number of deaths has in fact increased since the GCM was signed. The Ocean Viking ship, operated by SOS Mediterranée with IFRC providing humanitarian services on board, saves people in distress on this route.

“We need to carry out this work as state-coordinated search and rescue is absent in the area,” says Mr Rocca. “Our teams have already saved 1,260 people in the nine months we’ve been operating.”

The Ocean Viking is one of the 330 Humanitarian Service Points (HSPs) in 45 countries that supports the ambitions of the GCM, providing assistance and protection to people on the move irrespective of status and without fear of reprisal. The Romanian Red Cross implements HSPs in Bucharest to support people fleeing Ukraine, providing information, food, water, hygiene items and financial assistance, while the Hungarian Red Cross has been operating a HSP at the Keleti railway station 24/7 to welcome people arriving from Ukraine by train with information, food, hygiene items and baby care products.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian Red Cross Society has implemented HSPs at the border with Venezuela, offering essential services like healthcare, while Libyan Red Crescent volunteers have provided support to migrants and displaced people, operating HSPs that provided access to information, food, and other necessities, as well as restoring family links services.

At the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF), the IFRC is calling for individual and collective efforts on search and rescue; ensuring access to essential services for migrants regardless of status; scaling up support to people affected of climate related displacement; and the inclusion of migrants in all aspects of society and decision making.

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,” says Mr Rocca. “This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.”

[5]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS AND THE UKRAINE

https://www.icrc.org/en/humanitarian-crisis-ukraine

IFRC SCALES UP CASH ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE IMPACTED

BY CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

23 MAY 2022

https://www.ifrc.org/article/ifrc-scales-cash-assistance-people-impacted-conflict-ukraine

Three months into the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has distributed financial assistance totalling more than 4.3 million Swiss francs to thousands of people on the move.

IFRC Head of Emergency Operations for the Ukraine response, Anne Katherine Moore, said:

“The longer the conflict continues, the greater the needs become. The cost of basic necessities, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, is rising. Increases in the cost of fuel and apartment rentals are also being reported. Millions of people have lost their jobs and their savings are dwindling. Through a new mobile app, we have been able to ramp up our support to help people facing these financial challenges.”

The new technology makes it possible for the IFRC and responding National Societies to reach people at scale and to deliver cash assistance digitally. Successfully introduced in Romania, the mobile app allows refugees to self-register for assistance online, negating the need and cost involved of having to travel to a central location.

The app will soon be expanded to Poland and Slovakia, where cash assistance is already being provided through more traditional methods such as in-person registration, as well as Ukraine and other neighbouring countries.

“This is the fastest we have ever delivered cash at this scale. It has the potential to be a game-changer for our work not just in this response, but also in future operations,” Moore continued.

Cash assistance is a dignified and efficient way to support people impacted by the conflict, allowing them to purchase items specific to their individual needs, while also supporting local economies. It is one part of our integrated and wide-ranging Red Cross and Red Crescent response to the conflict that also includes the provision of health care, first aid, psychosocial support and the distribution of basic household necessities.

Speaking about next steps, Moore said: “There is no short-term solution to the needs of the more than 14 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. We know that even if the conflict was to end tomorrow, rebuilding and recovery will take years. People have lost their homes, their livelihoods, and access to timely healthcare. The IFRC, in support of local National Red Cross Societies in the region, will be there helping people now, and in the months and years to come.”

During the past three months:
  • Together, we have reached more than 2.1 million people with life-saving aid within Ukraine and in surrounding countries. This is 1 in 10 people who had to flee their homes because of the conflict.
  • Along the travel routes within and outside Ukraine, we’ve set up 142 Humanitarian Service Points in 15 countries to provide those fleeing with a safe environment. There, they receive essential services like food, hygiene items, blankets, clothing water, first aid, psychosocial support, information, and financial assistance.
  • In total, we distributed 2.3 million kilograms of aid.
  • 71,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers are responding to the crisis.

IFRCUKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

https://www.ifrc.org/emergency/ukraine-and-impacted-countries

Due to the conflict escalation in Ukraine, millions of people have left their homes and crossed into neighbouring countries. The Ukrainian Red Cross is helping people affected by the conflict as the security situation allows. National Societies in surrounding countries, with support from the IFRC, are assisting people leaving Ukraine with shelter, basic aid items and medical supplies. People from Ukraine will need long-term, ongoing support. Our priority is addressing the humanitarian needs of all people affected by the conflict, inside and outside Ukraine.

IFRC

UKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

EMERGENCY APPEAL

12 APRIL 2022

file:///C:/Users/Essed/Downloads/MGR65002ea1.pdf

[6]

FACEBOOK THE REFUGEE CIRCLE

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1172370492773108/

Saskia van Rees

 

8 dec 2021, door Anna Albot in the Guardian. Zij is met in Narewka, Polen, vlakbij de grens met Wit-Rusland.

Het helpen van vluchtelingen die verhongeren in de ijzige grensbossen van Polen is illegaal, maar het is niet de echte misdaad

Eén gedachte gaat constant door mijn hoofd: “Ik heb kinderen thuis, ik kan niet de cel in, ik kan niet de cel in.” De politiek ligt buiten mijn bereik of dat van de slachtoffers aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland. Die gaat erom dat de vertrekkende Duitse kanselier Angela Merkel doordringt tot Alexander Loekasjenko, de president van Wit-Rusland. Het is ironisch dat deze grens meer dan 50 mediaploegen op de been heeft gebracht, maar Polen de enige plaats in de EU is waar journalisten niet vrijuit kunnen rapporteren.

Ondertussen nadert de strenge Noord-Europese winter en bevriezen mijn vingers in de donkere sneeuwnachten.

De grenssituatie laat de kloof zien tussen wat legaal is en wat moreel is. Hij beheerst de inspanningen van degenen die levens redden. Het enige wat wij, activisten in de bossen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland, kunnen doen is water, voedsel en kleding naar wanhopige mensen brengen. Maar deze fundamentele humanitaire daad, kan alleen in het geheim worden uitgevoerd. We moeten ons verstoppen en door de bossen sluipen. De aandacht trekken van grenswachten, politie of leger zou een nieuwe pushback kunnen forceren.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou … Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen.

Ik heb verschillende groepen tussen de bomen ontmoet: gezinnen, moeders met kinderen, vaders met gehandicapte kinderen, ouderen en mensen uit de meest kwetsbare groepen ter wereld – etnisch, religieus en LGBTQ+. Ze zochten vrijheid, maar werden sinds augustus tot nu, december, vijf, tien en zelfs vijftien keer teruggedreven naar Wit-Rusland.

Tijdens mijn nachtelijke tochten ben ik uitgerust met een grote rugzak vol thermoskannen warme soep, sokken, laarzen, jassen, handschoenen, sjaals, mutsen, pleisters, medicijnen en powerbanks. Ik loop in het donker en verschuil me achter bomen als ik helikopters hoor of de felle lichten van de politie zie. Ik hoor het geplons van de soep in de kannen op mijn rug, ik hoor mijn kortademigheid – niemand heeft me geleerd om te sluipen en onzichtbaar te zijn als een beroepsmilitair. Ik heb jarenlang voor mensenrechten gewerkt, de meeste EU-grenzen en vluchtelingenkampen bezocht, maar ik was nooit bang om takken onder mijn voeten te laten kraken of voor het ritselen van de bomen boven mijn hoofd terwijl ik me voortbeweeg.

Uit persoonlijke verhalen en bewijzen verzameld door Minority Rights Group International en collega’s van Grupa Granica, een alliantie van 14 Poolse maatschappelijke organisaties die reageren op de crisis, weten we dat er minstens 5.000 mensen in de bossen zijn geweest en dat er momenteel minstens 1.000 zijn. We hebben met iedereen contact gehad: wanhopige slachtoffers van een walgelijk machtsspel tussen staten.

Elke keer dat we reageren op een telefoontje van iemand in nood, of hun moeder die nog in Irak of Afghanistan is, of een neef in Berlijn, hangen we onze rugzakken om en gaan. Dag en nacht – lang nadat de wereld zijn interesse heeft verloren. Soms zijn we uren op zoek naar mensen. Die veranderen voor de veiligheid vaak van locatie. Soms zijn bejaarde grootmoeders of de kleine kinderen die geen energie meer hebben om te lopen, gestrand in Poolse moerassen. Nu de bossen bedekt zijn met sneeuw en mensen ons niet kunnen bellen omdat hun telefoons zijn vernietigd door het Poolse leger, gebruiken we infrarood camera’s.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou, wanhopig verzwakt na weken in het ijzige, natte bos. Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen. Ik had geen idee wat honger betekende. Ik gaf mijn kinderen wel eens een stuk chocola als ze klaagden voor het eten. Ik heb armoedestatistieken en geschiedenisboeken gelezen. Ik wist niets van honger.

Mensen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland hebben al weken niet gegeten. Om de paar dagen krijgen ze, als ze geld hebben, misschien een oude aardappel van een Wit-Russische soldaat na een gewelddadige pushback over het prikkeldraad. Die delen ze met de kinderen. Ze hebben dagenlang niets te drinken. Of drinken moeras- of regenwater, dat maagkrampen en een verlammende hoofdpijn veroorzaakt, waardoor ze verder verzwakken.

We wensen hen het beste aan het einde van onze ontmoeting. Voor een paar dagen voldoende voedsel en water achterlaten is onmogelijk: niemand heeft de kracht om zoveel te dragen. We kunnen geen mensen meenemen of naar een veilige plek brengen. Dat zou een strafbaar feit zijn. Maar het is geen misdaad om deze mensen langzaam dood te laten gaan…

Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? Ze heeft epilepsie, maar geen medicijnen. Ik ontmoette haar in het bos met negen andere Koerden, allemaal zonder laarzen. Ze hebben thuis oorlogen en luchtaanvallen overleefd, maar kunnen in het Poolse bos doodvriezen. Bij elke pushback pakken Poolse en Wit-Russische officieren alles af: geld, kleding en schoeisel.

Er was de groep van negen vrouwen uit de Democratische Republiek Congo, waarschijnlijk verhandeld. Toen ik ze de situatie uitlegde, huilden en huilden ze maar. Of de Yezidi-zussen, die zeven jaar geleden ontsnapten aan de genocide in Sinjar, Irak, maar nog steeds op zoek zijn naar een veilige plek. Of de jongens uit Jemen, die perfect Engels spreken. Of de drie homoseksuele mannen uit Iran, wanhopig om niet teruggestuurd te worden naar Wit-Russische soldaten.

We blijven contact houden. Als ze erin slagen hun telefoons te verbergen, kunnen we communiceren na een pushback. Ze delen foto’s en video’s van Wit-Russische honden. Laten me bijtwonden zien als we elkaar aan de Poolse kant ontmoeten. Zij huilen. Ze vragen om advies. Ze willen hun familie niet vertellen over hun benarde situatie, maar ze hebben iemand nodig om mee te praten.

“De vijfde pushback. Na de zesde pleeg ik zelfmoord.”

“Ik heb mijn zoon verloren, hij heeft astma. De laatste keer dat hij belde was drie dagen geleden. Weet je waar hij is?”

“Wanneer ben je hier? Heb je water? Al is het een druppel?”

Onderworpen aan een desinformatiecampagne krijgen de vluchtelingen tegenstrijdige berichten van Wit-Russische diensten, die formulieren verspreiden over de vestiging in Polen of Duitsland. Dit schept hoop op een veilige reis. Maar het echte doel is om ze aan de Poolse grens neer te zetten om druk uit te oefenen op de EU. Sommige verontrustende berichten suggereren dat migranten worden gedwongen om deel te nemen aan geweld als onderdeel van Wit-Russische pogingen om Poolse functionarissen te provoceren.

Met het risico van een escalatie van geweld willen wij, de activisten in de bossen, de wereld eraan herinneren dat vluchtelingen geen agressors zijn. Ze zijn gijzelaars van het regime van Loekasjenko, dat hen voor zijn agenda gebruikt.

Polen sturen me berichten: “Waar moet ik warme en donkere kleding naartoe sturen?” “Hoe is de situatie aan de grens? De media laten ons alleen video’s zien van het Poolse ministerie of de Wit-Russische autoriteiten.” “Ik huil als ik mijn kinderen in bed stop. Schrijf alsjeblieft iets dat kan helpen.”

Dunja Mijatović, de commissaris voor mensenrechten van de Raad van Europa, verbleef vier dagen in Polen en ging met ons mee het veld in. Ze zei: “De grootste kracht van de hulpbeweging voor vluchtelingen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland zijn de inwoners van de naburige steden – in de noodzone en ernaast. Het is hun compassie en empathie die het leven van mensen in het bos verlengt. Hun moed en onbaatzuchtigheid. Hun goedheid redt levens.”

Anderen zien het natuurlijk anders: mensen die aan de grens helpen zijn “vijanden van de natie”, “agenten van Loekasjenko”, “schuldig aan het vernietigen van Europese waarden”, “het uitnodigen van terroristen hier”.

We maken ons schuldig aan het achterlaten van pakken water in het bos voor de dorstigen. We maken ons schuldig aan het uitdelen van soep. Aan schoenen aan koude voeten doen die niet meer konden bewegen. Als helpen illegaal is, begrijpen we dan wel wat misdaad is?

Anna Alboth is vrijwilliger bij Minority Rights Group

[7]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

Poland/Belarus: New evidence of abuses highlights ‘hypocrisy’ of unequal treatment of asylum-seekers 

  • Authorities violating rights of asylum-seekers, including strip searches and other degrading treatment, in overcrowded detention centres
  • Some people forcibly sedated during return
  • Pushbacks and arbitrary detention in stark contrast with welcome shown to those fleeing Ukraine
  • Spokespeople available

The Polish authorities have arbitrarily detained nearly two thousand asylum-seekers who crossed into the country from Belarus in 2021, and subjected many of them to abuse, including strip searches in unsanitary, overcrowded facilities, and in some cases even to forcible sedation and tasering, Amnesty International said today.

Additionally, after a hiatus during winter, more asylum-seekers are now trying to enter Poland from Belarus, where they are unable to access further funds due to international sanctions and risk harassment or apprehension by Belarusian police due their irregular immigration status. At the Polish border they face razor wire fences and repeated pushbacks by border guards sometimes up to 20-30 times.

“This violent and degrading treatment stands in stark contrast to the warm welcome Poland is offering to displaced people arriving from Ukraine. The behaviour of the Polish authorities smacks of racism and hypocrisy. Poland must urgently extend its admirable compassion for those entering the country from Ukraine to all those crossing its borders to seek safety.”

Arbitrary detention and abysmal detention conditions

Polish border guards have systematically rounded up and violently pushed back people crossing from Belarus, sometimes threatening them with guns. The vast majority of those who have been fortunate enough to avoid being pushed back to Belarus and to apply for asylum in Poland are forced into automatic detention, without a proper assessment of their individual situation and the impact detention would have on their physical and mental health. They are often held for prolonged and indefinite periods of time in overcrowded centres that offer little privacy and only limited access to sanitary facilities, doctors, psychologists, or legal assistance.

Almost all of the people Amnesty International interviewed said they were  traumatized after fleeing areas of conflict and being trapped for months on the Belarusian-Polish border. They also suffered from serious psychological problems, including anxiety, insomnia, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts, undoubtedly exacerbated by their unnecessary metres. For most, psychological support was unavailable.

Retraumatized inside a military base

Many of the people who Amnesty spoke to had been in Wędrzyn detention centre, which holds up to 600 people. Overcrowding is particularly acute in this facility, where up to 24 men are detained in rooms measuring just eight square metres.

In 2021, the Polish authorities decreased the minimum required space for foreign detainees from three square meters per person to just two. The Council of Europe minimum standard for personal living space in prisons and detention centres is four square meters per person.

People held in Wędrzyn recounted how guards greeted new detainees  by saying “welcome to Guantánamo”. Many of them were victims of torture in their home countries before enduring harrowing experiences both in Belarus and on the border of Poland. The detention centre in Wędrzyn forms part of an active military base. The facility’s barbed wire walls — and the persistent sound of armoured vehicles, helicopters and gunfire from military exercises in the area — only serves to retraumatize them.

In Lesznowola Detention Centre, detainees said that guards’ treatment left them feeling dehumanized. The staff called detainees by their case numbers instead of using their names and meted out excessive punishments, including isolation, for simple requests, such as asking for a towel or more food.

Nearly all those interviewed reported consistently disrespectful and verbally abusive behaviour, racist remarks and other practices that indicated psychological ill-treatment. 

Men who Amnesty International interviewed uniformly  complained about the manner in which body searches were  conducted. When people were  transferred from one detention centre to another, they were forced to undergo a strip search at each facility, even though they were in state custody at all times. In Wędrzyn, people recounted abusive searches. For example, all newly admitted foreigners are kept together in a room, required to remove all of their clothes and ordered to perform squats longer than necessary for a legitimate check.

Violent forcible returns

Amnesty International interviewed several people who were forcibly returned as well as some who avoided return and remain in detention in Poland. Many said the Polish border guards who conducted the returns coerced them into signing documents in Polish that they suspected included incriminating information in order to justify their returns. They also said that, in some cases, border guards used excessive force, such as tasers, restrained people with handcuffs, and even sedated those being returned. 

Authorities attempted to forcibly return Yezda, a 30-year old Kurdish woman , with her husband and three small children. After being told that the family would be returned to Iraq, Yezda panicked and screamed and pleaded with the guards not to take them. She threatened to take her life and became extremely agitated. “I knew I could not go back to Iraq and I was ready to die in Poland. While I was crying like that, two guards restrained me and my husband, tied our hands behind our backs, and a doctor gave us an injection that made us very weak and sleepy. My head was not clear, but I could hear my children, who were in the room with us, crying and screaming.”

“We were asked to go through the airport security and the guards told us to behave on the plane. But I refused to go. I remember noticing that I didn’t even have any shoes on, as in the chaos at the camp, they slipped of my feet. My head was not clear, and I couldn’t see my husband or the children, but I remember that they forced me on the plane that was full of people. I was still crying and pleading with the police not to take us.” Yezda said that she broke her foot as she fought the guards who tried to put her on the plane. Yezda and her family were returned to Warsaw after the airline refused to take them to Iraq. They remain in a camp in Poland for now.

Volunteers and activists have been barred from accessing the border of Poland and Belarus, and some have even faced prosecution for trying to help people cross the border. In March, activists who had helped people both on Poland’s borders with Ukraine and with Belarus were detained for providing life-saving assistance to refugees and migrants on the Belarussian border, and now face potentially serious charges.

Stranded at the border

On 20 March, the Belarusian authorities reportedly evicted close to 700 refugees and migrants, including many families with young children and people suffering from severe illnesses and disabilities, from the warehouse in the Belarusian village of Bruzgi which had accommodated several thousand people in 2021.

People who were evicted from the warehouse suddenly found themselves stranded in the forest, trying to survive in sub-zero temperatures without shelter, food, water or access to medical care. Many remain in the forest and experience daily abuse from the Belarusian border guards, who use dogs and violence to force people to cross the border into Poland.

“Hundreds of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and other parts of the world remain stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland. The Polish government must immediately stop pushbacks. They are illegal no matter how the government tries to justify them. The international community – including the EU – must demand that those trapped on Poland’s border with Belarus be afforded the same access to EU territory as any other group seeking refuge in Europe,” said Jelena Sesar.

END OF THE ARTICLE

REPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

The rapid relief effort at the border, exceptional generosity of civil society and willingness of Polish authorities to receive people fleeing from Ukraine contrast starkly with the Polish government’s hostility toward refugees and migrants who have arrived in the country via Belarus since July 2021. Hundreds of people who crossed from Belarus have been arbitrarily detained in Poland in appalling conditions and without access to a fair asylum proceeding. Many have been forcibly returned to their countries of origin, some under sedation. In addition, hundreds of people remain stranded inside Belarus and face increasingly desperate conditions.

END OF THIS PIECE

FULL REPORT

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/EUR3754602022ENGLISH.pdf

[8]

MEDICS LEAVE POLAND=BELARUS BORDER WITHOUT

REACHING MIGRANTS

https://www.dw.com/en/medics-leave-poland-belarus-border-without-reaching-migrants/a-60353514

Doctors Without Borders removed its team on the Belarus-Poland border after Warsaw blocked access to migrants trying to enter the European Union. Camped in harsh conditions, several people have died on the EU’s doorstep.

Despite knowing people along the Belarus-Poland border were “in desperate need of medical and humanitarian assistance,” the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it withdrew its emergency response team from the region.

“Since October, MSF has repeatedly requested access to the restricted area and the border guard posts in Poland, but without success,” Frauke Ossig, the charity’s emergency coordinator for Poland and Lithuania, said on Thursday.

“We know that there are still people crossing the border and hiding in the forest, in need of support, but while we are committed to assisting people on the move wherever they may be, we have not been able to reach them in Poland,” Ossig added.

MSF said it was concerned that restricting access to major aid organizations could result in more deaths and such policies were “another example of the EU deliberately creating unsafe conditions for people to seek asylum at its borders.”

While many of the migrants received shelter in a logistics center, a number of people are reported to have died in the freezing, harsh conditions along the border.

Why can’t aid groups reach migrants and asylum-seekers?

On December 1, Poland’s Interior Ministry extended a state of emergency that prohibits all non-residents, including journalists and non-governmental aid groups, from the border area.

“People are being attacked and beaten at the hands of border guards, and yet state officials continue to allow the practice of pushing people between borders knowing that such maltreatment continues,” MSF said.

With thousands of people on the Belarusian side of the 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch, Poland built a barbed-wire fence that it intends to replace with a permanent barrier and sent thousands of soldiers to the border, leaving the migrants stuck in camps in no man’s land and unable to apply for asylum in the European Union.

Polish border guards accused of illegal ‘pushbacks’

Polish border guards have been accused of forcibly pushing migrants and asylum-seekers back into Belarus — a move that breaches international law. At least 21 people have lost their lives in the attempt in 2021, MSF reported.

In December, the Polish civil society group Salam Lab reported that five Syrian and one Palestinian who managed to find their way outside Poland’s exclusion zone said they had been pushed back to Belarus several times by Polish authorities.

EU nations Latvia and Lithuania, which also share borders with Belarus, have also reinforced their border security and declared a state of emergency. MSF said it had not received access to migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border.

The European Union has accused Belarus’ authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko of encouraging people fleeing conflict and poverty in the Middle East to attempt to enter the EU through Belarus.

Belarus denies this and has urged the EU to take in the migrants.

“The current situation is unacceptable and inhumane,” Ossig said. “People have the right to seek safety and asylum and should not be illegitimately pushed back to Belarus.”

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 7

[10]

SEE NOTE 10

SEE ALSO THE LINK

SEE THE ASTRID ESSED MAIL TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

SUBJECT OF THE MAIL:

”QUESTIONS ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS ATTITUDE 

AGAINST UKRAINIAN REFUGEES VERSUS REFUGEES TRAPPED

BETWEEN BELARUS AND POLAND;”

MAIL:

Astrid Essed <astridessed@yahoo.com>

To:press@icrc.org

Cc:secretariat@ifrc.org,tommaso.dellalonga@ifrc.org,anna.tuson@ifrc.org,info@redcross.fi,info@redcross.byand 3 more…

Fri, May 27 at 3:03 AM

TO 

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

PRESIDENT AND ASSEMBLY

Subject:

Questions about the International Red Cross attitude against

Ukrainian refugees versus refugees trapped between Belarus and

Poland

Your mission as International Red Cross

The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes – and those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.

https://www.icrc.org/en/who-we-are/mandate

[When you are pressed with time, go directly to the part below:

”QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS”]

Dear President

Dear members of the Assembly,

Firstly my great appreciation for your fantastic and indispensable Work

through the whole world!

Without your humanitarian involvement and the sometimes great risks

your co workers take, life would be extremely difficult, if not impossible,

for the millions of people you are helping day after day.

But even the best of organisations need critical attention and have their 

flaws and that’s precisely the reason of this letter.

For in my opinion the International Red Cross attention for the Ukrainian

refugees, who have crossed the Polish Border is far more greater than the attention for the refugees, who tried to cross the Polish Border and are still trapped between the borders of Poland and Belarus.

Now I will not say, that the International Red Cross did nothing for these refugees.

On the contrary:

My great appreciation for the Good Work of the Finnish Red Cross, that 

helped those people wonderfully! [1]

I also appreciate the emergency calls and involvement

of the American Red Cross, The Belarus Red Cross, the Poland Red Cross,

the Lithuanian Red Cross and the other Red Cross departments [2]

Thank you, Finnish Red Cross [which gets this letter cc also]

and thank you, the other mentioned and peerhaps not mentioned Red Cross departments !

Also a Shout out to all those anonymous Polish people,

who helped refugees! [3]

And I express my appreciation to the president of the International

Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies mr F Rocca, who

stated, that thee should be no difference in the reception and protection

of refugees, whether they are Ukrainians or coming from other countries.

I quote him:

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,”and

“This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.” [4]

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES VERSUS REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN

POLAND AND BELARUS

I referred to the great attention of the International Red Cross to the Ukrainian

refugees [5] and don’t get me wrong:

I appreciate that very much and I think it is of the utmost importance to stand

for these people, who were the victims of the Russian invasion and had to flee their countries under so dramatic circumstances.

I sympathise with all refugees whoever they are and where they came from

and I know the International Red Cross does the same.

And yet, according to me, sometimes things go wrong.

Too often I learn from people from the field: Volunteers who do their utmost

to help those. who are trapped between the borders of Belarus and Poland, that

the Red Cross is not, or not enough, present to help the between border refugees”:

I quote something that made great impression on me:

It’s from mrs Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority

Right Group [also mentioned in cc] and member of the Grupa Granica:

Quote: [first in Dutch, then translation in English]:

”Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? ” [6]

In English:

”Where is the Red Cross, The International Organisation for Migration

of the UN and the UNHCR? 

Those organisations which even operate in warzones?

Which bring food and water to the most dangerous criminals?

Is Elina, 5, more dangerous and worth less?

Mrs Albot also published this article in the Guardian [8 december 2021]

QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

This was in december 2021

And to my knowledge, the situation of the refugees, trapped

in the Polish-Belarussian border is yet inhuman, as is the

situation of the refugees, who reached Poland and are in

Polish detention centres in dire conditions.

See the statement of Amnesty International [7]

Now I had the impression, that on this moment, the main attention

of the International Cross goes to the Ukrainian refugees and that the

trapped refugees between Poland and Belarus are somewhat forgotten.

When I am wrong, please send me the information about

your involvement in the no one land between those borders.

When I am NOT wrong, please explain to me, why the International

Red Cross shows less attention to those refugees:

Are you being hindered in your activities, something volunteers have experienced in the past months? [8]

And if that’s so, what did you do, as an International Organisation, to

address to this situation?

Did you write to the Polish and Belarussian authorities?

Did you gave press conferences about this?

Did you try to visit the Polish detention centres, where, according to the

information of Amnesty International, the border refugees are being

mistreated and denied their right to asylum? [9]

If not, why not?

Because you are hindered in your activities?

And again the question:

If you are hindered in your activities, what did you do to protest and get access anyway, as

is your right and obligation as the International Red Cross?

And when, suppose you HAD access to the mentioned detention centres and

were not hindered in your activities, why did you give more attention

to the Ukrainian refugees then to those trapped between Belarus and

Poland.

Again, I don’t say you on purpose neglected those between borders refugees, I only had the impression more attention went to the Ukrainian refugees, who have, of course, the full right to your attention, only not more then

others.

EPILOGUE

Dear president, members of the International Red Cross, I hope you

forgive me my bold and critical questions, but they were necessary:

Like Amnesty International [10] I am very concerned about the

inhuman situation of the refugees between the border, as their reception in

Poland, that is quite different from the warm welcome

the Ukrainian refugees received, as it should be for all refugees.

You as a great humanitarian organisation can make the difference and

show the World and especially the European leaders, that all refugees 

must be treated and received humanely, regardless where they came from

or what their origins are.

Do your best.

The refugees count on you!

And if you’re pressed with time and can’t answer me, no problem

All I want is that you do your humanitarian task to all refugees,

whoever they are

Thank you

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

THE FINISH RED CROSS

THE RED CROSS IS HELPING MIGRANTS STRUGGLING IN

DANGEROUS CONDITIONS AT THE EU’S EASTERN BORDER

24 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.redcross.fi/news/2021/the-red-cross-is-helping-migrants-struggling-in-dangerous-conditions-at-the-eus-eastern-border/

The situation of migrants trying to enter the EU at the border of Poland, Lithuania and Belarus is alarming. Thousands of migrants have been stuck on the border region since early autumn. The situation of people sleeping without shelter is expected to worsen as the winter approaches.

The Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian Red Cross organisations are helping migrants at the borders by distributing food, clean water, hygiene supplies, clothes and blankets and by offering essential health care.

The health of the people sleeping rough is at continuous risk. At least 10 people are known to have died. Among them, a 14-year-old boy who died of hypothermia.

“There are hundreds of children at the border, many of whom have been separated from their families. The are also pregnant women and disabled people among the migrants. Their situation is worsening by the hour as the crisis drags on and nights become colder,” says the Director of International Operations at the Finnish Red Cross Tiina Saarikoski.

“All states are obliged to ensure that humanitarian aid gets through to its target. People have the right to necessary protection, care and safety, regardless of whether they are granted the right to stay in the country or not.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross helps migrants establish contact with their family members. 

The Finnish Red Cross maintains preparedness for large-scale migration as part of its continuous readiness. As agreed with the authorities, the Red Cross is permanently prepared to establish and maintain reception centres and temporary accommodation units at the request of the authorities.

The Finnish Red Cross has not received official requests in relation to the situation in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. 
 
“The most important thing right now is to deliver necessary aid to the migrants in unsafe conditions and allow humanitarian operators to provide aid,” Saarikoski emphasises. 

[2]

AMERICAN RED CROSS

THOUSANDS AT BELARUS BORDER IN NEED

OF HUMANITARIAN AID

https://www.redcross.org/about-us/news-and-events/news/2021/thousands-at-belarus-border-in-need-of-humanitarian-aid.html

November 15, 2021

The Red Cross is urgently providing relief efforts as thousands of people risk their lives in freezing conditions along the Belarus-Poland border. At least 10 people have died and an estimated 2,000 people are living in makeshift camps near the border between Belarus and neighboring countries Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) urges unhindered access to the border be provided to help the men, women and children risking their lives for a safer future. 

Belarus Red Cross has been coordinating aid from partners since last week, distributing food, water, blankets and warm clothes. Staff and volunteers are involved in a continuous response to the situation, sorting and distributing packages, as well as helping authorities set up heating tents for women and children. Assistance was also provided for three children who were hospitalized.

“We are concerned about the increasingly serious situation on the Poland-Belarus border, after large groups of migrants arrived there on November 8. We call for access for the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations so that all people in need, at the border and other locations, can receive medical treatment, humanitarian assistance and protection services,” said Andreas von Weissenberg, IFRC Europe’s head of Disasters, Climate and Crises.

“While Belarus Red Cross has thankfully been given some access to provide vital life-saving aid to people enduring hunger and freezing conditions, we need that access to be regular and also get access on the other side of the border. People need to be treated humanely,” von Weissenberg said.

The Polish Red Cross has been responding to this crisis for several weeks, delivering blankets, sleeping bags and clothes. Local branches are supporting migrants in provinces near the border with food, water and hygiene kits, as well as providing first aid and helping people trace family members.

Lithuanian Red Cross teams have also been supporting migrants close to the border with water, hygiene kits, footwear and clothing, as well as toys for children. In five large reception centers, volunteers provide food and other humanitarian aid, offer psychological support and legal assistance and help people reconnect with their loved ones by providing mobile phones and SIM cards.

IFRC is in the process of providing the Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross with emergency funding to support the migrants with food, clothes, hygiene items, first aid and family reunification services.

“Humanitarian organizations must be granted unconditional and safe access to all people in need, irrespective of their legal status. People are crossing the border with just the clothes on their backs. They need food, medicine, hygiene items, clothing, and protective equipment against COVID-19. We must be allowed to deliver critical assistance and we want to see a peaceful, humane and rights-based solution to the situation,” von Weissenberg concluded. 

[3]

24/7  NEWS BULLETIN

IT’S HEART BREAKING: HOW POLISH VOLUNTEERS

RESCUE POVERTY STRICKEN MIGRANTS AT

THE BELARUSIAN BORDER

11 NOVEMBER 2021

While the official Warsaw refuses to let in the migrants who have accumulated on the Belarusian border, not wanting to recognize them as refugees, many Poles express a desire to help people in difficult situations.

In the Polish media, you can see lists of various NGOs that are involved in helping migrants, as well as talk about ways to help them. One of the most popular is called a financial donation, but it is also suggested to become a volunteer working with refugees. The monetary contributions are spent on humanitarian transportation, shelter, medical and legal assistance, and integration with the host society.

“You don’t have to be at the border to help refugees,” writes Gazeta Wyborcza. “We can’t do much on this issue, but here’s exactly what we can: offer a blanket, a sleeping bag or waterproof clothing.”

Among the organizations that help refugees and migrants, mention is made, for example, of Caritas Polska, which carries out humanitarian aid campaigns both in Poland and abroad. This organization operates centers for refugees and migrants in Szczecin, Kalisz and Warsaw, providing systematic assistance in the field of intercultural integration, career counseling, psychological and legal assistance, classes in community centers and educational packages. Since the beginning of the current migration crisis at the Polish-Belarusian border, Caritas Polska has been organizing humanitarian transfers to centers where foreigners arrive, providing migrants with food, detergents, hygiene items, and blankets.

Helping migrants and the Polish Red Cross collecting material gifts for aid packages for migrants. Donations are accepted at Red Cross offices throughout Poland. Currently, the most in demand are: jackets, sweaters, thick socks, warm shoes, hats, scarves, blankets and sleeping bags. At the same time, clothes and shoes must be new or used, but in good condition. High-energy products are accepted (bars, chocolate, dried fruits), as well as other food products (pies and other canned poultry, canned fish, crackers, waffles, etc.).

The Polish non-governmental humanitarian organization Grupa Granica, which monitors the situation on the Polish-Belarusian border, believes that refugees need to be rescued as soon as possible. Indeed, if the Polish border police finds injured migrants before doctors, they send them back to Belarus, explaining this step by the fact that their health condition may deteriorate at any time, and the risk of death in such conditions is great.

The Guardian tells how 15 Iraqi Kurds ended up in the forests of the Polish village of Narewka after they managed to cross the border of Belarus and the European Union. All migrants had early signs of hypothermia. One woman could hardly walk. They had no choice but to turn to volunteers for help. A team from Grupa Granica, before the border guards, found migrants who found themselves in completely extreme conditions. It was already starting to get dark, and the temperature dropped to almost zero degrees. Volunteers distributed blankets and hot tea to people.

After some time, the police arrived in the forest. Up to this point, volunteers have explained to the frozen migrants how to properly apply for asylum.

“We have about eight teams operating near the border and a total of about 40 people,” Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority Rights Group and member of Grupa Granica, told The Guardian. – Whenever we receive calls from migrant families, we send a request to our teams and check who is closest to the place. People often ask for food, water, a doctor, or clothing. The other day I met a Syrian family who didn’t even have shoes. ”

Anna Chmielewska, coordinator of the Center for Assistance to Foreigners in Warsaw, noted that “it is difficult to work in the border zone for several reasons”. First, the Polish police stop the cars of the volunteers a few kilometers before the Kuznitsa checkpoint on the Polish-Belarusian border. The fact is that three kilometers from the border begins the territory on which the state of emergency is in force, so access to it is prohibited.

“We cannot get into this zone and help the people who are there,” she added. “Only local residents can do this.” According to her, volunteers only have the opportunity to contact migrants only when they can pass the border zone: “But not everyone succeeds in doing this. Winter is coming and people are not ready to stay outside in the cold day after day. We are afraid that bad weather will lead to more deaths. It’s heartbreaking for us. “

In addition, the activist said that border police officers often behave quite aggressively. “We are not doing anything illegal, but they make us feel like we are violators,” Khmelevska said. “Helping people is okay. But in the current situation we seem to be engaged in secret activities. “

According to a representative of another non-governmental Polish organization, Medycy na granicy (Doctors at the Border – MK), border guards periodically obstruct the provision of medical assistance to migrants.

On their official Facebook page, the volunteers reported that before going on another call, they found that the ambulance’s wheels had been deflated. In addition, the doctors found “people in uniform” at the service car, and an olive-colored car with registration numbers beginning with the letters denoting the off-road vehicles of the Polish army stood nearby, the report said.

The doctors added that they tried to talk to the people sitting in the car, but they left almost immediately. Then they turned to the Ministry of National Defense of Poland with a request to “urgently provide clarification regarding this shameful incident.”

The department gave a response almost immediately. “The soldiers of the Polish army have no relation to the damage to the ambulance at the border,” the ministry’s press service informed. “They have much more serious questions than the denial of fake news in the media space.”

At the same time, such situations do not lead volunteers astray. They continue to provide assistance to refugees. On their social networks, doctors posted a post in five languages – English, French, Arabic, Persian and Kurdish – with the following content: “If you or someone from your family needs any humanitarian or medical assistance on the Polish-Belarusian border, write US. We will connect you with the right people. “

Those wishing to help migrants have to face not only opposition from the authorities. After one of the theaters in the city of Legnica began collecting gifts for refugees on the Polish-Belarusian border, it was attacked by haters on the Internet. “But there are more people willing to help,” says one of the initiators of the action.

In this regard, Polish volunteers are pleased to know that activists from Germany are trying to help migrants stranded on the Polish-Belarusian border. According to the Polish Internet resource Oko.press, a group of German volunteers came to Poland to deliver parcels for refugees to local organizations, show solidarity with immigrants and protest against the actions of the Polish authorities and the inaction of German politicians.

“We have free seats on the bus,” says one of the activists Ruben Neugebauer. “We could take people who need help with us. If only the German government would agree to this … We call on the German authorities to create humanitarian corridors on the Polish-Belarusian border. This should be one of the priorities of the government that is currently being formed in Germany. “

.

Source From: MK

[4]

IFRC PRESIDENT: ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY SHOULD NOT

BE DECIDING FACTORS IN SAVING LIVES

16 MAY 2022/PRESS RELEASE

https://www.ifrc.org/press-release/ifrc-president-ethnicity-and-nationality-should-not-be-deciding-factors-saving-lives

New York / Geneva, 16 May 2022 – President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Francesco Rocca calls on states to step up to their responsibility to save lives, no matter where people are from, ahead of the first review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM).

Mr Rocca says: “When I was in Marrakech for the adoption of the GCM I made a statement that the world’s approach to migration is painfully broken – but that the GCM can fix it. As we begin the first review of the progress made since then, I am sad to say that this has not been the case so far. Not enough changes to policies and practices to ensure safe and dignified migration have taken place, and many more lives have been lost due to that failure to act.”

On the world’s deadliest sea migration route, the central Mediterranean, the number of deaths has in fact increased since the GCM was signed. The Ocean Viking ship, operated by SOS Mediterranée with IFRC providing humanitarian services on board, saves people in distress on this route.

“We need to carry out this work as state-coordinated search and rescue is absent in the area,” says Mr Rocca. “Our teams have already saved 1,260 people in the nine months we’ve been operating.”

The Ocean Viking is one of the 330 Humanitarian Service Points (HSPs) in 45 countries that supports the ambitions of the GCM, providing assistance and protection to people on the move irrespective of status and without fear of reprisal. The Romanian Red Cross implements HSPs in Bucharest to support people fleeing Ukraine, providing information, food, water, hygiene items and financial assistance, while the Hungarian Red Cross has been operating a HSP at the Keleti railway station 24/7 to welcome people arriving from Ukraine by train with information, food, hygiene items and baby care products.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian Red Cross Society has implemented HSPs at the border with Venezuela, offering essential services like healthcare, while Libyan Red Crescent volunteers have provided support to migrants and displaced people, operating HSPs that provided access to information, food, and other necessities, as well as restoring family links services.

At the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF), the IFRC is calling for individual and collective efforts on search and rescue; ensuring access to essential services for migrants regardless of status; scaling up support to people affected of climate related displacement; and the inclusion of migrants in all aspects of society and decision making.

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,” says Mr Rocca. “This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.”

[5]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS AND THE UKRAINE

https://www.icrc.org/en/humanitarian-crisis-ukraine

IFRC SCALES UP CASH ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE IMPACTED

BY CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

23 MAY 2022

https://www.ifrc.org/article/ifrc-scales-cash-assistance-people-impacted-conflict-ukraine

Three months into the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has distributed financial assistance totalling more than 4.3 million Swiss francs to thousands of people on the move.

IFRC Head of Emergency Operations for the Ukraine response, Anne Katherine Moore, said:

“The longer the conflict continues, the greater the needs become. The cost of basic necessities, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, is rising. Increases in the cost of fuel and apartment rentals are also being reported. Millions of people have lost their jobs and their savings are dwindling. Through a new mobile app, we have been able to ramp up our support to help people facing these financial challenges.”

The new technology makes it possible for the IFRC and responding National Societies to reach people at scale and to deliver cash assistance digitally. Successfully introduced in Romania, the mobile app allows refugees to self-register for assistance online, negating the need and cost involved of having to travel to a central location.

The app will soon be expanded to Poland and Slovakia, where cash assistance is already being provided through more traditional methods such as in-person registration, as well as Ukraine and other neighbouring countries.

“This is the fastest we have ever delivered cash at this scale. It has the potential to be a game-changer for our work not just in this response, but also in future operations,” Moore continued.

Cash assistance is a dignified and efficient way to support people impacted by the conflict, allowing them to purchase items specific to their individual needs, while also supporting local economies. It is one part of our integrated and wide-ranging Red Cross and Red Crescent response to the conflict that also includes the provision of health care, first aid, psychosocial support and the distribution of basic household necessities.

Speaking about next steps, Moore said: “There is no short-term solution to the needs of the more than 14 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. We know that even if the conflict was to end tomorrow, rebuilding and recovery will take years. People have lost their homes, their livelihoods, and access to timely healthcare. The IFRC, in support of local National Red Cross Societies in the region, will be there helping people now, and in the months and years to come.”

During the past three months:
  • Together, we have reached more than 2.1 million people with life-saving aid within Ukraine and in surrounding countries. This is 1 in 10 people who had to flee their homes because of the conflict.
  • Along the travel routes within and outside Ukraine, we’ve set up 142 Humanitarian Service Points in 15 countries to provide those fleeing with a safe environment. There, they receive essential services like food, hygiene items, blankets, clothing water, first aid, psychosocial support, information, and financial assistance.
  • In total, we distributed 2.3 million kilograms of aid.
  • 71,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers are responding to the crisis.

IFRCUKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

https://www.ifrc.org/emergency/ukraine-and-impacted-countries

Due to the conflict escalation in Ukraine, millions of people have left their homes and crossed into neighbouring countries. The Ukrainian Red Cross is helping people affected by the conflict as the security situation allows. National Societies in surrounding countries, with support from the IFRC, are assisting people leaving Ukraine with shelter, basic aid items and medical supplies. People from Ukraine will need long-term, ongoing support. Our priority is addressing the humanitarian needs of all people affected by the conflict, inside and outside Ukraine.

IFRC

UKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

EMERGENCY APPEAL

12 APRIL 2022

file:///C:/Users/Essed/Downloads/MGR65002ea1.pdf

[6]

FACEBOOK THE REFUGEE CIRCLE

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1172370492773108/

Saskia van Rees

 

8 dec 2021, door Anna Albot in the Guardian. Zij is met in Narewka, Polen, vlakbij de grens met Wit-Rusland.

Het helpen van vluchtelingen die verhongeren in de ijzige grensbossen van Polen is illegaal, maar het is niet de echte misdaad

Eén gedachte gaat constant door mijn hoofd: “Ik heb kinderen thuis, ik kan niet de cel in, ik kan niet de cel in.” De politiek ligt buiten mijn bereik of dat van de slachtoffers aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland. Die gaat erom dat de vertrekkende Duitse kanselier Angela Merkel doordringt tot Alexander Loekasjenko, de president van Wit-Rusland. Het is ironisch dat deze grens meer dan 50 mediaploegen op de been heeft gebracht, maar Polen de enige plaats in de EU is waar journalisten niet vrijuit kunnen rapporteren.

Ondertussen nadert de strenge Noord-Europese winter en bevriezen mijn vingers in de donkere sneeuwnachten.

De grenssituatie laat de kloof zien tussen wat legaal is en wat moreel is. Hij beheerst de inspanningen van degenen die levens redden. Het enige wat wij, activisten in de bossen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland, kunnen doen is water, voedsel en kleding naar wanhopige mensen brengen. Maar deze fundamentele humanitaire daad, kan alleen in het geheim worden uitgevoerd. We moeten ons verstoppen en door de bossen sluipen. De aandacht trekken van grenswachten, politie of leger zou een nieuwe pushback kunnen forceren.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou … Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen.

Ik heb verschillende groepen tussen de bomen ontmoet: gezinnen, moeders met kinderen, vaders met gehandicapte kinderen, ouderen en mensen uit de meest kwetsbare groepen ter wereld – etnisch, religieus en LGBTQ+. Ze zochten vrijheid, maar werden sinds augustus tot nu, december, vijf, tien en zelfs vijftien keer teruggedreven naar Wit-Rusland.

Tijdens mijn nachtelijke tochten ben ik uitgerust met een grote rugzak vol thermoskannen warme soep, sokken, laarzen, jassen, handschoenen, sjaals, mutsen, pleisters, medicijnen en powerbanks. Ik loop in het donker en verschuil me achter bomen als ik helikopters hoor of de felle lichten van de politie zie. Ik hoor het geplons van de soep in de kannen op mijn rug, ik hoor mijn kortademigheid – niemand heeft me geleerd om te sluipen en onzichtbaar te zijn als een beroepsmilitair. Ik heb jarenlang voor mensenrechten gewerkt, de meeste EU-grenzen en vluchtelingenkampen bezocht, maar ik was nooit bang om takken onder mijn voeten te laten kraken of voor het ritselen van de bomen boven mijn hoofd terwijl ik me voortbeweeg.

Uit persoonlijke verhalen en bewijzen verzameld door Minority Rights Group International en collega’s van Grupa Granica, een alliantie van 14 Poolse maatschappelijke organisaties die reageren op de crisis, weten we dat er minstens 5.000 mensen in de bossen zijn geweest en dat er momenteel minstens 1.000 zijn. We hebben met iedereen contact gehad: wanhopige slachtoffers van een walgelijk machtsspel tussen staten.

Elke keer dat we reageren op een telefoontje van iemand in nood, of hun moeder die nog in Irak of Afghanistan is, of een neef in Berlijn, hangen we onze rugzakken om en gaan. Dag en nacht – lang nadat de wereld zijn interesse heeft verloren. Soms zijn we uren op zoek naar mensen. Die veranderen voor de veiligheid vaak van locatie. Soms zijn bejaarde grootmoeders of de kleine kinderen die geen energie meer hebben om te lopen, gestrand in Poolse moerassen. Nu de bossen bedekt zijn met sneeuw en mensen ons niet kunnen bellen omdat hun telefoons zijn vernietigd door het Poolse leger, gebruiken we infrarood camera’s.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou, wanhopig verzwakt na weken in het ijzige, natte bos. Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen. Ik had geen idee wat honger betekende. Ik gaf mijn kinderen wel eens een stuk chocola als ze klaagden voor het eten. Ik heb armoedestatistieken en geschiedenisboeken gelezen. Ik wist niets van honger.

Mensen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland hebben al weken niet gegeten. Om de paar dagen krijgen ze, als ze geld hebben, misschien een oude aardappel van een Wit-Russische soldaat na een gewelddadige pushback over het prikkeldraad. Die delen ze met de kinderen. Ze hebben dagenlang niets te drinken. Of drinken moeras- of regenwater, dat maagkrampen en een verlammende hoofdpijn veroorzaakt, waardoor ze verder verzwakken.

We wensen hen het beste aan het einde van onze ontmoeting. Voor een paar dagen voldoende voedsel en water achterlaten is onmogelijk: niemand heeft de kracht om zoveel te dragen. We kunnen geen mensen meenemen of naar een veilige plek brengen. Dat zou een strafbaar feit zijn. Maar het is geen misdaad om deze mensen langzaam dood te laten gaan…

Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? Ze heeft epilepsie, maar geen medicijnen. Ik ontmoette haar in het bos met negen andere Koerden, allemaal zonder laarzen. Ze hebben thuis oorlogen en luchtaanvallen overleefd, maar kunnen in het Poolse bos doodvriezen. Bij elke pushback pakken Poolse en Wit-Russische officieren alles af: geld, kleding en schoeisel.

Er was de groep van negen vrouwen uit de Democratische Republiek Congo, waarschijnlijk verhandeld. Toen ik ze de situatie uitlegde, huilden en huilden ze maar. Of de Yezidi-zussen, die zeven jaar geleden ontsnapten aan de genocide in Sinjar, Irak, maar nog steeds op zoek zijn naar een veilige plek. Of de jongens uit Jemen, die perfect Engels spreken. Of de drie homoseksuele mannen uit Iran, wanhopig om niet teruggestuurd te worden naar Wit-Russische soldaten.

We blijven contact houden. Als ze erin slagen hun telefoons te verbergen, kunnen we communiceren na een pushback. Ze delen foto’s en video’s van Wit-Russische honden. Laten me bijtwonden zien als we elkaar aan de Poolse kant ontmoeten. Zij huilen. Ze vragen om advies. Ze willen hun familie niet vertellen over hun benarde situatie, maar ze hebben iemand nodig om mee te praten.

“De vijfde pushback. Na de zesde pleeg ik zelfmoord.”

“Ik heb mijn zoon verloren, hij heeft astma. De laatste keer dat hij belde was drie dagen geleden. Weet je waar hij is?”

“Wanneer ben je hier? Heb je water? Al is het een druppel?”

Onderworpen aan een desinformatiecampagne krijgen de vluchtelingen tegenstrijdige berichten van Wit-Russische diensten, die formulieren verspreiden over de vestiging in Polen of Duitsland. Dit schept hoop op een veilige reis. Maar het echte doel is om ze aan de Poolse grens neer te zetten om druk uit te oefenen op de EU. Sommige verontrustende berichten suggereren dat migranten worden gedwongen om deel te nemen aan geweld als onderdeel van Wit-Russische pogingen om Poolse functionarissen te provoceren.

Met het risico van een escalatie van geweld willen wij, de activisten in de bossen, de wereld eraan herinneren dat vluchtelingen geen agressors zijn. Ze zijn gijzelaars van het regime van Loekasjenko, dat hen voor zijn agenda gebruikt.

Polen sturen me berichten: “Waar moet ik warme en donkere kleding naartoe sturen?” “Hoe is de situatie aan de grens? De media laten ons alleen video’s zien van het Poolse ministerie of de Wit-Russische autoriteiten.” “Ik huil als ik mijn kinderen in bed stop. Schrijf alsjeblieft iets dat kan helpen.”

Dunja Mijatović, de commissaris voor mensenrechten van de Raad van Europa, verbleef vier dagen in Polen en ging met ons mee het veld in. Ze zei: “De grootste kracht van de hulpbeweging voor vluchtelingen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland zijn de inwoners van de naburige steden – in de noodzone en ernaast. Het is hun compassie en empathie die het leven van mensen in het bos verlengt. Hun moed en onbaatzuchtigheid. Hun goedheid redt levens.”

Anderen zien het natuurlijk anders: mensen die aan de grens helpen zijn “vijanden van de natie”, “agenten van Loekasjenko”, “schuldig aan het vernietigen van Europese waarden”, “het uitnodigen van terroristen hier”.

We maken ons schuldig aan het achterlaten van pakken water in het bos voor de dorstigen. We maken ons schuldig aan het uitdelen van soep. Aan schoenen aan koude voeten doen die niet meer konden bewegen. Als helpen illegaal is, begrijpen we dan wel wat misdaad is?

Anna Alboth is vrijwilliger bij Minority Rights Group

[7]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

Poland/Belarus: New evidence of abuses highlights ‘hypocrisy’ of unequal treatment of asylum-seekers 

  • Authorities violating rights of asylum-seekers, including strip searches and other degrading treatment, in overcrowded detention centres
  • Some people forcibly sedated during return
  • Pushbacks and arbitrary detention in stark contrast with welcome shown to those fleeing Ukraine
  • Spokespeople available

The Polish authorities have arbitrarily detained nearly two thousand asylum-seekers who crossed into the country from Belarus in 2021, and subjected many of them to abuse, including strip searches in unsanitary, overcrowded facilities, and in some cases even to forcible sedation and tasering, Amnesty International said today.

Additionally, after a hiatus during winter, more asylum-seekers are now trying to enter Poland from Belarus, where they are unable to access further funds due to international sanctions and risk harassment or apprehension by Belarusian police due their irregular immigration status. At the Polish border they face razor wire fences and repeated pushbacks by border guards sometimes up to 20-30 times.

“This violent and degrading treatment stands in stark contrast to the warm welcome Poland is offering to displaced people arriving from Ukraine. The behaviour of the Polish authorities smacks of racism and hypocrisy. Poland must urgently extend its admirable compassion for those entering the country from Ukraine to all those crossing its borders to seek safety.”

Arbitrary detention and abysmal detention conditions

Polish border guards have systematically rounded up and violently pushed back people crossing from Belarus, sometimes threatening them with guns. The vast majority of those who have been fortunate enough to avoid being pushed back to Belarus and to apply for asylum in Poland are forced into automatic detention, without a proper assessment of their individual situation and the impact detention would have on their physical and mental health. They are often held for prolonged and indefinite periods of time in overcrowded centres that offer little privacy and only limited access to sanitary facilities, doctors, psychologists, or legal assistance.

Almost all of the people Amnesty International interviewed said they were  traumatized after fleeing areas of conflict and being trapped for months on the Belarusian-Polish border. They also suffered from serious psychological problems, including anxiety, insomnia, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts, undoubtedly exacerbated by their unnecessary metres. For most, psychological support was unavailable.

Retraumatized inside a military base

Many of the people who Amnesty spoke to had been in Wędrzyn detention centre, which holds up to 600 people. Overcrowding is particularly acute in this facility, where up to 24 men are detained in rooms measuring just eight square metres.

In 2021, the Polish authorities decreased the minimum required space for foreign detainees from three square meters per person to just two. The Council of Europe minimum standard for personal living space in prisons and detention centres is four square meters per person.

People held in Wędrzyn recounted how guards greeted new detainees  by saying “welcome to Guantánamo”. Many of them were victims of torture in their home countries before enduring harrowing experiences both in Belarus and on the border of Poland. The detention centre in Wędrzyn forms part of an active military base. The facility’s barbed wire walls — and the persistent sound of armoured vehicles, helicopters and gunfire from military exercises in the area — only serves to retraumatize them.

In Lesznowola Detention Centre, detainees said that guards’ treatment left them feeling dehumanized. The staff called detainees by their case numbers instead of using their names and meted out excessive punishments, including isolation, for simple requests, such as asking for a towel or more food.

Nearly all those interviewed reported consistently disrespectful and verbally abusive behaviour, racist remarks and other practices that indicated psychological ill-treatment. 

Men who Amnesty International interviewed uniformly  complained about the manner in which body searches were  conducted. When people were  transferred from one detention centre to another, they were forced to undergo a strip search at each facility, even though they were in state custody at all times. In Wędrzyn, people recounted abusive searches. For example, all newly admitted foreigners are kept together in a room, required to remove all of their clothes and ordered to perform squats longer than necessary for a legitimate check.

Violent forcible returns

Amnesty International interviewed several people who were forcibly returned as well as some who avoided return and remain in detention in Poland. Many said the Polish border guards who conducted the returns coerced them into signing documents in Polish that they suspected included incriminating information in order to justify their returns. They also said that, in some cases, border guards used excessive force, such as tasers, restrained people with handcuffs, and even sedated those being returned. 

Authorities attempted to forcibly return Yezda, a 30-year old Kurdish woman , with her husband and three small children. After being told that the family would be returned to Iraq, Yezda panicked and screamed and pleaded with the guards not to take them. She threatened to take her life and became extremely agitated. “I knew I could not go back to Iraq and I was ready to die in Poland. While I was crying like that, two guards restrained me and my husband, tied our hands behind our backs, and a doctor gave us an injection that made us very weak and sleepy. My head was not clear, but I could hear my children, who were in the room with us, crying and screaming.”

“We were asked to go through the airport security and the guards told us to behave on the plane. But I refused to go. I remember noticing that I didn’t even have any shoes on, as in the chaos at the camp, they slipped of my feet. My head was not clear, and I couldn’t see my husband or the children, but I remember that they forced me on the plane that was full of people. I was still crying and pleading with the police not to take us.” Yezda said that she broke her foot as she fought the guards who tried to put her on the plane. Yezda and her family were returned to Warsaw after the airline refused to take them to Iraq. They remain in a camp in Poland for now.

Volunteers and activists have been barred from accessing the border of Poland and Belarus, and some have even faced prosecution for trying to help people cross the border. In March, activists who had helped people both on Poland’s borders with Ukraine and with Belarus were detained for providing life-saving assistance to refugees and migrants on the Belarussian border, and now face potentially serious charges.

Stranded at the border

On 20 March, the Belarusian authorities reportedly evicted close to 700 refugees and migrants, including many families with young children and people suffering from severe illnesses and disabilities, from the warehouse in the Belarusian village of Bruzgi which had accommodated several thousand people in 2021.

People who were evicted from the warehouse suddenly found themselves stranded in the forest, trying to survive in sub-zero temperatures without shelter, food, water or access to medical care. Many remain in the forest and experience daily abuse from the Belarusian border guards, who use dogs and violence to force people to cross the border into Poland.

“Hundreds of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and other parts of the world remain stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland. The Polish government must immediately stop pushbacks. They are illegal no matter how the government tries to justify them. The international community – including the EU – must demand that those trapped on Poland’s border with Belarus be afforded the same access to EU territory as any other group seeking refuge in Europe,” said Jelena Sesar.

END OF THE ARTICLE

REPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

The rapid relief effort at the border, exceptional generosity of civil society and willingness of Polish authorities to receive people fleeing from Ukraine contrast starkly with the Polish government’s hostility toward refugees and migrants who have arrived in the country via Belarus since July 2021. Hundreds of people who crossed from Belarus have been arbitrarily detained in Poland in appalling conditions and without access to a fair asylum proceeding. Many have been forcibly returned to their countries of origin, some under sedation. In addition, hundreds of people remain stranded inside Belarus and face increasingly desperate conditions.

END OF THIS PIECE

FULL REPORT

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/EUR3754602022ENGLISH.pdf

[8]

MEDICS LEAVE POLAND=BELARUS BORDER WITHOUT

REACHING MIGRANTS

https://www.dw.com/en/medics-leave-poland-belarus-border-without-reaching-migrants/a-60353514

Doctors Without Borders removed its team on the Belarus-Poland border after Warsaw blocked access to migrants trying to enter the European Union. Camped in harsh conditions, several people have died on the EU’s doorstep.

Despite knowing people along the Belarus-Poland border were “in desperate need of medical and humanitarian assistance,” the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it withdrew its emergency response team from the region.

“Since October, MSF has repeatedly requested access to the restricted area and the border guard posts in Poland, but without success,” Frauke Ossig, the charity’s emergency coordinator for Poland and Lithuania, said on Thursday.

“We know that there are still people crossing the border and hiding in the forest, in need of support, but while we are committed to assisting people on the move wherever they may be, we have not been able to reach them in Poland,” Ossig added.

MSF said it was concerned that restricting access to major aid organizations could result in more deaths and such policies were “another example of the EU deliberately creating unsafe conditions for people to seek asylum at its borders.”

While many of the migrants received shelter in a logistics center, a number of people are reported to have died in the freezing, harsh conditions along the border.

Why can’t aid groups reach migrants and asylum-seekers?

On December 1, Poland’s Interior Ministry extended a state of emergency that prohibits all non-residents, including journalists and non-governmental aid groups, from the border area.

“People are being attacked and beaten at the hands of border guards, and yet state officials continue to allow the practice of pushing people between borders knowing that such maltreatment continues,” MSF said.

With thousands of people on the Belarusian side of the 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch, Poland built a barbed-wire fence that it intends to replace with a permanent barrier and sent thousands of soldiers to the border, leaving the migrants stuck in camps in no man’s land and unable to apply for asylum in the European Union.

Polish border guards accused of illegal ‘pushbacks’

Polish border guards have been accused of forcibly pushing migrants and asylum-seekers back into Belarus — a move that breaches international law. At least 21 people have lost their lives in the attempt in 2021, MSF reported.

In December, the Polish civil society group Salam Lab reported that five Syrian and one Palestinian who managed to find their way outside Poland’s exclusion zone said they had been pushed back to Belarus several times by Polish authorities.

EU nations Latvia and Lithuania, which also share borders with Belarus, have also reinforced their border security and declared a state of emergency. MSF said it had not received access to migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border.

The European Union has accused Belarus’ authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko of encouraging people fleeing conflict and poverty in the Middle East to attempt to enter the EU through Belarus.

Belarus denies this and has urged the EU to take in the migrants.

“The current situation is unacceptable and inhumane,” Ossig said. “People have the right to seek safety and asylum and should not be illegitimately pushed back to Belarus.”

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 7

[10]

SEE NOTE 10

SEE ALSO THE LINK

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor The International Red Cross, the Ukrainian refugees and the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus/Do you treat them with equal attention, Red Cross?

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Vomar hardleers/Voor de Derde Keer/Stop met de verkoop van avocado’s uit Bezettings en Apartheidsstaat Israel!

Avocado Fruit Guacamole Vegetarian Cuisine - Avocados Png, Transparent Png, Free Download

VOMAR, STOP MET VERKOOP AVOCADO’S UIT ISRAEL!

Vuur en rook boven Gaza-Stad na een Israëlische luchtaanval AFPHTTPS://NOS.NL/COLLECTIE/13864/ARTIKEL/2381067-UREN-NA-TOESPRAAK-NETANYAHU-OPNIEUW-ISRAELISCHE-LUCHTAANVALLEN-OP-GAZA

Image result for Destruction of Gaza/Images

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA



MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSEGEBIEDENILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHTAn aerial shot of a housing community

The Israeli settlement of Maale Adumim in the occupied West Bank, with the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied East Jerusalem in the background. © 2020 Reuters
https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed

VOMAR HARDLEERS/VOOR DE DERDE KEER/STOP MET DEVERKOOP VAN AVOCADO’S UIT BEZETTINGS EN APARTHEIDSSTAATISRAEL!

AANSUPERMARKT VOMARFILIAAL AMSTERDAMSE POORT
Directie en Management
Onderwerp:Uw herhaalde verkoop van avocado’s uit bezettingsstaat Israel

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management,

Ze zeggen weleens:Driemaal is Scheepsrecht, wat meestal in positieve zin wordt gebruikt [1]Bij u, Geachte Directie en Management, moet ik het echter in negatieve zingebruiken en het wordt hoog tijd, dat u zich diep gaat schamen!Want hoewel ik verder een tevreden klant ben, die uw filiaal graag enregelmatig bezoekt, moet ik nu constateren, dat u nu al voorde DERDE keer de fout in gegaan bent, door wederom avocado’s uit Israelte verkopen, waarover ik u nu al twee keer heb aangeschreven!De eerste keer was op 4 september 2021 [2], de tweede keer op 30 januari anno Domini 2022 [zie voor de volledige mail, geheel onderin, onder het notenapparaat] De tweede keer betrof mijn mail aan u op 30 januari anno Donini 2022,waarbij u dus weer in de fout ging.Zie deze uitgeschreven mail geheel onderin, onder het notenapparaat.
En nu alweer, voor de derde keer!!Want afgelopen week, week 20, had u avocado’s in de aanbiedingen ik, als liefhebber van avocado’s, had ze al bijna gekocht, toen ik, net bijtijds, het land van herkomst zag: Israel!Bezettingsstaat Israel!Wat bezielt u, vraag ik mij af, nu u niet alleen door mij uitgebreid opde hoogte gesteld bent, maar via alle mogelijke media kanalen, maar ookvia mensenrechtenorganisaties als Amnesty International en Human Rights Watch [3] op de hoogte kan zijn van de intensiteit van deoorlogsmisdaden en mensenrechtenschendingen van de Israelischebezettingsstaat!Zie ook de Israelische mensenrechtenorganisatie Btselem! [4]
Zoals ik in mijn vorige mail aan u [zie ook de link naar mijn website onder noot 5]reeds heb duidelijk gemaakt, maakt u zich met de verkoop van avocado’sen eventueel andere producten uit Israel [dat heb ik in dit Filiaal nogniet gezien, zo ja, dan zal ik u daarop zeker aanspreken], schuldigaan economische steun aan een nietsontziende bezettingsstaat,die niet alleen sinds 1967 de bezetting voert over de Palestijnse gebiedende Westelijke Jordaanoever, Oost-Jeruzalem en Gaza [6], maar zich-inherentaan iedere bezetting waar ook ter wereld-schuldigmaakt aan onderdrukking, oorlogsmisdaden en andere mensenrechtenschendingen.
Ik licht uit de talloze te noemen voorbeelden de  Israelische luchtaanvallen op Gaza in 2021, waarbij in korte tijd zeker 197 doden gevallen zijn, onder wie 58 kinderen en honderden mensen gewond geraakt zijn. [7]
En dan nog in herinnering de Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza ”Protective Edge”,in 2014  waarbij Israel zich schuldig heeft gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In twee maanden tijd zijn meer dan 1400 mensen gedood [voornamelijkburgers], waaronder 526 kinderen, een VN school werd gebombardeerd, een ziekenhuis beschoten! [8]
Dan heb ik het nog niet eens gehad over de illegale Israelische landroofvan Palestijns bezet gebied door middel van de Israelische nederzettingen,die in strijd zijn met het Internationaal Recht [9] en het voortdurendegeweld [vaak gesteund door de Israelische Staat] van de kolonisten[bewoners van de Israelische nederzettingen] tegen de bezettePalestijnse bevolking! [10]
EPILOOG
Zo kan ik eindeloos doorgaanIk kan u erop wijzen [uitgebreid in het nieuws geweest], datIsrael naast een bezettingsstaat ook een apartheidsstaat is[kijk maar bij Amnesty International en Human Rights Watch][11], maar ik meen al meer dan voldoende duidelijk gemaaktte hebben, dat het een schande is en moreel totaalverwerpelijk, dat u een illegale bezettingsmacht, dieonderdrukt, oorlogsmisdaden pleegt [zie bovenstaande] en foltertop de koop toe [12], economisch blijft ondersteunen.
Ik eis dan ook, dat u per direct stopt met de verkoop vanavocado’s uit Israel of welke Israelische producten dan ook.Anders hebt u Bloed aan uw Handen en vindt u mijweer op uw Pad
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 
VOOR UW GEMAK ZIJN DE NOTEN IN LINKS ONDERGEBRACHTGEHEEL ONDERIN MIJN MAIL VAN 30 JANUARI AAN U
NOTEN
NOTEN 1 T/M 3

NOTEN 4 T/M 8

NOTEN 9 T/M 12

MAIL ASTRID ESSED AAN VOMAR DD 30 JANUARI 2022

Astrid Essed <astridessed@yahoo.com>Jan 30, 2022, 4:56 PM
to werkenbij@vomar.nl

AANSUPERMARKT VOMARFILIAAL AMSTERDAMSE POORT
Directie en Management

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management,
Als trouwe klant van de Vomar ben ik doorgaans tevreden, zowel overhet uitstekende aanbod/assortiment, als over de verleende service.Recentelijk is er echter iets gebeurd, dat mijn verontwaardiging heeft opgewekt, vandaar deze briefmail:
Toen ik recentelijk [in Week 2 of Week 3, 2022, daar wil ik af zijn] Vomarbezocht, zag ik dat u een aanbieding van avocado’s had, een voor de prijsvan 0.74 cent.Omdat ik erg van avocado’s houd [mag u weten], verheugde ik mijhier al op en besloot er een of meer te kopen.
Wie schetst echter mijn verbazing/teleurstelling, toen bleek [wantik check altijd het land van herkomst], dat deze avocado’s uit Israelbleken te komen!Des te groter was mijn teleurstelling, omdat dit bij u, in tegenstelling totbijvoorbeeld Albert Heijn [1], maar weinig voorkomt!Meestal komen uw avocado’s uit Zuid-Amerika of andere landen/continenten.Slechts een keer heb ik u betrapt op de mango verkoop uit Israelen dat hebt u dan ook van mij, via een briefmail, te horen/lezengekregen. [2]
Dus nu gaat u WEER de fout inTerwijl u toch moet weten, wat Israel, zijnde een bezettingsstaat sedert1967 [3], allemaal uitspookt, waardoor het moreel en ook politiek-maatschappelijk, verwerpelijk is, zaken met haar te doen.
GEHEUGENOPFRISSERTJE:
ISRAEL, BEZETTINGSSTAAT
U zult weten, hoort dat althans te weten, dat de Staat Israel reeds 1967 de Palestijnse gebieden de Westelijke Jordaanoever, Gaza [4] en Oost-Jeruzalem bezet houdt.En alsof dat al niet erg genoeg is, heeft die bezetting [zoals alle vreemde bezettingen, overal ter wereld] veroorzaakt onderdrukking, vernederingen,[oorlogs] misdaden.
Ik kan en wil die hier niet allemaal opsommen [trouwens, die lijst is onuitputtelijk], maar ernstige voorbeelden zijn onder andere de  Israelische luchtaanvallen op Gaza in 2021, waarbij in korte tijd zeker 197 doden gevallen zijn, onder wie 58 kinderen en honderden mensen gewond geraakt zijn. [5]
Dit alles was een escalatie van huisuitzettingen van Palestijnse families in het bezette Oost-Jeruzalem, om plaats te maken voor kolonisten! [6]
En zoals u zult weten, zijn kolonisten bewoners van in bezet gebied gestichte nederzettingen, die illegaal zijn volgens het Internationaal Recht [7] EN regelrechte landdiefstal, omdat zij worden gebouwd op gestolen Palestijns land of, zoals in het geval van Oost-Jeruzalem bij die uitgezette Palestijnse families, gestolen Palestijnse huizen
.Waarbij Israelische kolonisten vaak ook nog eens verantwoordelijk zijn voor bijna dagelijks geweld tegen de bezette Palestijnse bevolking! [8]
EN to add insult to injury, tijdens die confrontaties destijds mbt tot de huisuitzetingen in Oost-Jeruzalem heeft het Israelische leger ook nog eens de Al Aqsa Moskee bestormd! [9]Een Godshuis!
En dan nog in herinnering de Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza ”Protective Edge”,in 2014  waarbij Israel zich schuldig heeft gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In twee maanden tijd zijn meer dan 1400 mensen gedood [voornamelijkburgers], waaronder 526 kinderen, een VN school werd gebombardeerd, een ziekenhuis beschoten! [10]
Welcome in the House of Horrors!

ISRAEL, APARTHEIDSSTAAT
Maar er is nog meer Ellende!
Want Israel is een Apartheidsstaat, zoals ook is bevestigd doormensenrechtenorganisatie Human Rights Watch in een uitgebreid rapport. [11]I
k ga dat hier niet uitgebreid bespreken [ik heb meer te doen en aanstippenl ijkt mij wel voldoende voor het doel van deze mail], maar een voorbeeld is wat Israel verstaat onder een ”rechtssysteem”
Waar er in Israel sprake is van een gewoon rechtssysteem voor burgers, komen burgers in de Bezette Palestijnse Gebieden voor een Militaire Rechtbank! [12]
Niet alleen een idiote rechtsongelijkheid en daardoor groffe discriminatie, maar sinds wanneer komen niet militairen voor een Militaire Rechtbank?

FOUT!FOUT!FOUT!/GEEN AVOCADO’S MEER UIT ISRAEL!
U zult nu hopelijk begrijpen, hoe fout het is, dat u nog avocado’s en ook andere producten [ik heb bij uw filiaal in de Amsterdamse Poort, naast mango’s waarover u eerder bent aangeschreven[13],  ook weleens aardappelen uit Israel gezien!] verkoopt uit een land, dat bezettingsmacht is, land van de [Palestijnse] bevolking steelt, Palestijnse burgers hun eigen huis uitzet, scholen en ziekenhuizen bombardeert, oorlogsmisdaden pleegt. En als klap op de Vuurpijl nog folterpraktijken als ondervragingstaktiek hanteert! [14]

And, to add insult to injury, probeert Israel Palestijnse boeren kapot te makendoor hun organisatie [en andere Palestijnse mensenrechten/burgerorganisaties kapot te maken [15]En recentelijk nog, omdat we het toch over huisuitzettingen hadden-de huisuitzetting van een Palestijns gezin, ja, uit bezet Oost-Jeruzalem,waar door de EU schande van werd gesproken! [16]

Wanneer u dus persisteert, producten uit een dergelijk land af te nemen, faciliteert u de bezettingseconomie en houdt u het Kwaad van bezetting en onderdrukking tot stand.
Ik verwacht dus, neen ik EIS van u, dat u per direct stopt, producten uit Israel te verkopen.
Mocht u daarmee doorgaan, dan vindt u mij op uw Pad en ook andere ,invloedrijkere mensen en instanties.
Ik hoop dus, dat u aan mijn Oproep gehoor geeft.
Vriendelijk bedankt voor het lezen van deze Brief

Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 

NOTEN
Voor uw gemak hierbij de links naar de noten

NOTEN 1 T/M 9
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-9-astrid-essed-versus-supermarkt-vomar-inzake-palestina/

NOTEN 10 T/M 16

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Vomar hardleers/Voor de Derde Keer/Stop met de verkoop van avocado’s uit Bezettings en Apartheidsstaat Israel!

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Swedish Iranian national sentenced to death/NO to death penalty!/Letter to the Iranian ambassador in Belgium

Image result for Gallows/Images
Image result for Guillotine/Images

Electric chair at the Florida State Prison

NO AGAINST DEATH PENALTY!

Image result for ouderwetse vulpen/Foto's
Image result for middeleeuws zwaard

MY PEN DEFENDS WHAT’S RIGHT

SWEDISH IRANIAN NATIONAL SENTENCED TO DEATH/NO TO DEATH PENALTY!/LETTER TO THE IRANIAN AMBASSADOR IN BELGIUM

IMMINENT EXECUTION AT 21 MAY 2022!PREVENT THISWRITE TO THE IRANIAN EMBASSY IN BELGIUM MAILADRESS:secretariat@iranembassy.be

SAVE A LIFE!THANKS IN ADVANCE’
SEE ALSO [IN DUTCH]
Volgens de bron van ISNA zou zijn executie plaatsvinden voor het einde van de Iraanse maand Ordibehesht, wat overeenkomt met 21 mei 2022”

https://www.amnesty-international.be/help-djalali

Article 3

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/instree/b1udhr.htm

THIS IS THE ASTRID ESSED LETTER

TO THE AMBASSADOR OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
Subject:The imminent execution of mr Ahmadreza Djalali
Your Excellency,
Hereby I want to draw your attention to the following:From reliable sources I’ve learnt about the imminent execution of the Swedish-Iranian academic, mr Ahmadreza Djalali [1] and I write to you with the urgent request to issue your influence to prevent thisexecution.Reason?Because I am of the opinion, that the death penalty is a cruel and inhumanepunishment, which is also irreversible.
BACKGROUND:
According to my information, mr Djalali was sentenced to death forthe charge of ”corruption on earth” (ifsad fil-arz) [2]and has given a 200 000 euro fine.According to my information, the court verdict states, thatmr Djalali worked with the Israeli government [3], which means espionage.
However, I learnt, that his trial was, according tothe information of Amnesty International, ”grosslyunfair” [4] and also that he supposedly wastortured. [5]Of course you understand, that any confession, thatis made under torture, is illegal.

DEATH PENALTY 
But even when his trial has been fair and he was not tortured, I reqquest to you to urge your influence toprevent the death penalty.Not only, in my opinion, the ending of a human lifeis always illegal and wrong, whether done by theState, or by an individual, because all human beingshave the right to life, problem with the death penaly is also, that this is irreversible.What if the person turns to be innocent?When someone is sentenced to imprisonment,he can be released, but death is death.I bring in your memory two famous British flawsof Justice:The Guildford Four and the Maguire Seven [6]If there had been a death penalty in the United Kingdom,they couldn’t have been released.
Your Excellency, this is very, very serious and grave, since it concerns a human lifeTherefore I took my time to write to you toprevent this execution, as I did so many times, whenit concerned executions in one of the headmen onthe area of executions, the USA, and also other countries.
So I speak out hope, that you will do everything inyour Power to stop this.Time is pressing, since the execution is imminent[21 may]
Human Life belongs to our Lord and Father God.Only He may end it.Not the State, not other human beings.
Thanks for reading my LetterI hope you will help
Kind regards
Astrid EssedAmsterdam The Netherlands
NOTES

[1]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALIRAN: EXECUTION LOOMS FOR TORTURED ACADEMIC: AHMADREZA DJALALI5 MAY 2021
https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/mde13/5567/2022/en/

IRAN DEATH PENALTY

Tortured Swedish-Iranian academic Ahmadreza Djalali, arbitrarily detained in Tehran’s Evin prison, is at risk of imminent execution according to multiple Iranian state media reports that his death sentence for “corruption on earth” (efsad-e fel-arz) will be carried out by 21 May 2022 at the latest. He was sentenced to death in 2017 following a grossly unfair trial that relied on torture-tainted “confessions.” The authorities must halt any plans to execute him and release him immediately.

[2]

”Zeynab Taheri, one of Ahmadreza Djalali’s lawyers, told Amnesty International that he was sentenced to death for the charge of “corruption on earth” (ifsad fil-arz), and has been given a 200,000 euro fine.”
AMNESTY INTERNATIONALIRAN: PROMINENT ACADEMIC SENTENCEDTO DEATH AFTER GROSSLY UNFAIR TRIAL23 OCTOBER 2017
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/10/iran-prominent-academic-sentenced-to-death-after-grossly-unfair-trial/

The Iranian authorities must urgently quash the death sentence against Iranian-born Swedish resident and specialist in emergency medicine Ahmadreza Djalali, said Amnesty International today.

The medical doctor and university lecturer had studied and taught in Sweden, Italy and Belgium. Since his arrest in April 2016, several European officials have called for his release.

Zeynab Taheri, one of Ahmadreza Djalali’s lawyers, told Amnesty International that he was sentenced to death for the charge of “corruption on earth” (ifsad fil-arz), and has been given a 200,000 euro fine. The court verdict, which was shown to one of the lawyers, states that Ahmadreza Djalali worked with the Israeli government, who subsequently helped him obtain his residency permit in Sweden.

“Ahmadreza Djalali was sentenced to death after a grossly unfair trial that once again exposes not only the Iranian authorities’ steadfast commitment to use of the death penalty but their utter contempt for the rule of law,” said Philip Luther, Amnesty International’s Research and Advocacy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“No evidence has ever been presented to show that he is anything other than an academic peacefully pursuing his profession. If he has been convicted and sentenced for peacefully exercising his rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, including through his academic work, the authorities must immediately and unconditionally release him and drop all charges against him.”

Ahmadreza Djalali was arrested by Ministry of Intelligence officials in April 2016 and held without access to a lawyer for seven months, three of which were in solitary confinement. Even after that period, every lawyer he selected was rejected by the court.

In a voice recording that was published on YouTube on 22 October, Ahmadreza Djalali is heard saying that, while in solitary confinement, he was twice forced to make “confessions” in front of a video camera by reading out statements pre-written by his interrogators. He says that he was put under intense pressure through psychological torture and threats to execute him and arrest his children to “confess” to being a spy for a “hostile government”. In the recording, he says that his academic beliefs have been used to convict him and sentence him to death. He also denies the accusations against him and says they have been fabricated by Ministry of Intelligence interrogators.

“At a time when the Iranian authorities are actively strengthening ties with countries in the European Union, it is absurd that they are using Ahmadreza Djalali’s academic links to a European country as part of the ‘evidence’ against him,” said Philip Luther.

Ahmadreza Djalali’s wife Vida Mehrannia, who lives in Sweden with their two children, has told Amnesty International that his physical and mental health have sharply deteriorated since he was detained. She added: “We are calling for his release because he has not committed any crime.”

Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception regardless of the nature of the crime, the characteristics of the offender, or the method used by the state to kill the prisoner. The death penalty is a violation of the right to life and the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.

[3]

”The court verdict, which was shown to one of the lawyers, states that Ahmadreza Djalali worked with the Israeli government, who subsequently helped him obtain his residency permit in Sweden.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALIRAN: PROMINENT ACADEMIC SENTENCEDTO DEATH AFTER GROSSLY UNFAIR TRIAL23 OCTOBER 2017
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/10/iran-prominent-academic-sentenced-to-death-after-grossly-unfair-trial/

[4]

”“Ahmadreza Djalali was sentenced to death after a grossly unfair trial that once again exposes not only the Iranian authorities’ steadfast commitment to use of the death penalty but their utter contempt for the rule of law,” said Philip Luther, Amnesty International’s Research and Advocacy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.”
AMNESTY INTERNATIONALIRAN: PROMINENT ACADEMIC SENTENCEDTO DEATH AFTER GROSSLY UNFAIR TRIAL23 OCTOBER 2017
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/10/iran-prominent-academic-sentenced-to-death-after-grossly-unfair-trial/

[5]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALIRAN: EXECUTION LOOMS FOR TORTURED ACADEMIC: AHMADREZA DJALALI5 MAY 2021
https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/mde13/5567/2022/en/

IRAN DEATH PENALTY

Tortured Swedish-Iranian academic Ahmadreza Djalali, arbitrarily detained in Tehran’s Evin prison, is at risk of imminent execution according to multiple Iranian state media reports that his death sentence for “corruption on earth” (efsad-e fel-arz) will be carried out by 21 May 2022 at the latest. He was sentenced to death in 2017 following a grossly unfair trial that relied on torture-tainted “confessions.” The authorities must halt any plans to execute him and release him immediately.

[6]

WIKIPEDIA

GUILDFOUR FOUR AND MAGUIRE SEVEN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guildford_Four_and_Maguire_Seven

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Swedish Iranian national sentenced to death/NO to death penalty!/Letter to the Iranian ambassador in Belgium

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Astrid Essed Attack on Budimex, contractor of the Poland-Belarus Wall in the war on migrants

ASTRID ESSED ATTACK ON BUDIMEX, CONTRACTOR OFTHE POLAND-BELARUS WALL IN THE WAR ON MIGRANTS

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists. Photograph: Wojtek Radwański/AFP/Getty Images
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

Fallen tree in the Białowieża Forest

Bialowieza National Park in Poland0029.JPG
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bia%C5%82owie%C5%BCa_Forest

FOR BUDIMEX, ONLY THEIR BLOOD MONEY AND THE BIALOWIEZA FOREST COUNTS, NOTTHE REFUGEES WHO DIE IN IT…….

https://www.budimex.pl/en/about-budimex/news/commencement-of-works-on-the-border-wall.html

TOBUDIMEXTHE GREAT CONSTRUCTION GROUP, OPERATINGIN POLAND

BOARD OF DIRECTORSMANAGEMENT
Subject:About your construction of a Wall between Poland and Belarus
Demand:Stop earning blood moneyStop your cooperation with forced deportations, pushbacks andmistreatment of refugeesStop your cooperation with the violation of one of the most elementaryhuman rights!

Dear Board of DirectorsDear Management
Sometimes reality seems worse than the most creepy horror movie.Not because horror movies can’t be frightening, but because they are just for amusement and not real, although made very realistic.
But when you read and see actings in the real world, especiallyfrom politicians and their partners in crime, you realize that here arereal people involved, who really suffer and with them their families andother loved ones.That is the moment, that it is really freezing around me and others, who seekfor elementary justice.
And you, board of directors and management, have violated the most elementary human rights by constructing a Wall between Poland and Belarus.The proof is in your own declaration, under P/S, before my notes.
SHAME TO YOU!
Because you know completely well the aim of this Wall:To prevent warstricken and hunted refugees to seek for a safe homeby building a Wall on the outskirts, the outer borders of the EU borders!Because that’s the aim of the Polish government [1] and you know thatfull well!
ELEMENTARY RIGHTS
Every human being has the right to ask for asylum, as written inthe Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 18 ofthe EU Charter of Fundamental Rights  [2], but all the Polish government did was putting an armyon her border, not only preventing refugees, trapped between Belarusand Poland to enter the EU and ask for asylum, but also treatingthem very badly [3] and using evil and forbidden practices likepushbacks [4], such as was described in an Human Rights Watch Report ””DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR BORDER ABUSES [5]
YOUR COOPERATION WITH HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES
So I refer to illegal pushbacks of the Polish government, that doesn’t and didn”t care about the fact, that refugees nearly were freezing to death [6],that refugees actually DID die in that no mans land between Polandand Belarus [7], a government that also mistreated refugees [8] and whatis your role?
Not only you are supporting the government in theie evil ways  by constructingthis Wall of Death and Despair, and earning Blood Money, you even have the nerve only to care about the environmental value of the Bialowieza Forest!I quote you [SEE UNDER P/S]”We understand the emotions that surround the issue of the construction of the wall on the border between Poland and Belarus, in particular, in the Białowieża Forest section; therefore, our representatives consulted the local governments on 26 January 2022. The meeting was attended by military representatives, heads of five gminas located within the development project area, forest district representatives and the Staroste of the Hajnowski Poviat.”

And don’t get me wrong:I also care for and value the great value of the Bialowieza Forest as avery important primeval forest [9], but I value human lives more andwhen people are dying in that forest I think everyone should valuetheir lives in the first place.
But you don’t care, because in your declaration [see under P/S]NOT A WORD ABOUT THE REFUGEES, WHO SUFFERED IN THEBIALOWIEZA FOREST, BECAUSE OF THE POLISH GOVERNMENT,WHICH DENIED THEM THEIR HUMAN RIGHTS!
DEMAND
I have referred to the great Injustice and the atrocities, done by the Polishgovernment to desperate refugees, mentioned in the Human Rights report andin a Statement of Amnesty International [10]
Also I mentioned your supportive role and the Blood Money, you earn with yourconstruction of this Wall.
I don’t know how many letters you have received to protest against yourpractices.I presume, not many and perhaps I am unimportant in your eyes, representingno government or great organisation.
But that doesn’t matter, because each Voice counts.
And trillion drops of water form an Ocean.
Get back on your Path of Evil, because more protests will come.
This is only the Beginning.
You have chosen your Side.
Change your construction of this Wall of Death, or else youwill be condemned by men or women of justice and in each case,by History.

Kind greetings
Astrid EssedAmsterdamThe NetherlandsEurope
P/S

STATEMENT OF BUDIMEX[NOTES BELOW]

Commencement of works on the border wall

https://www.budimex.pl/en/about-budimex/news/commencement-of-works-on-the-border-wall.html

News date: January 28, 2022Commencement of works on the border wall

On 25 January 2022, the Border Guards handed over to the contractors the construction site for the construction of the 186-kilometre wall on the border between Poland and Belarus. The contractor of the wall in the Białowieża Forest section is Budimex. The company makes every effort to ensure that works are carried out professionally and with respect for residents and the environment. Budimex will carry out works on the 100-kilometre section, and the border zone along the Białowieża Forest accounts for less than 40% of its length.

We understand the emotions that surround the issue of the construction of the wall on the border between Poland and Belarus, in particular, in the Białowieża Forest section; therefore, our representatives consulted the local governments on 26 January 2022. The meeting was attended by military representatives, heads of five gminas located within the development project area, forest district representatives and the Staroste of the Hajnowski Poviat.

During the meeting with the representatives of local governments, we confirmed that we have extensive experience in implementing projects in diverse environments. We carry out construction work, for example, in protected areas, including Natura 2000 areas in many places in Poland. The warehouses used to store our construction materials are and will be neutral for the environment. Our compliance with strict environmental standards is confirmed by numerous certificates – our construction sites have been issued with more than 100 BREEAM or LEED sustainable building certificates.

Although the contract does not require us to do so as a contractor, there will be external environmental supervision of the entire project. We understand that the Białowieża Forest is extremely valuable, and we want to work with respect for its ecosystem. The team assigned to the project has the highest level of competence to perform this task.

The works on the wall, transport and storage of raw materials will be carried out in accordance with the best construction and environmental standards. Our plan includes:

  • securing the soil with double and triple isolation to prevent leakage,
  • the use of spill kits,
  • covering and securing construction equipment repair points,
  • securing fuel tanks,
  • sorting and securing waste points,
  • preparation of separate points for hazardous waste,
  • fencing and monitoring of the area.

Our works will be carried out during the day, and the planned truck traffic at the construction location is several vehicles per hour. Upon completion, all roads will be restored to their original condition or will be improved.

Works on the entire project will take just six months. We are also on the list of strategic companies from a defence perspective. Therefore, we have a duty to act for the benefit of the country in the event of special situations from a security point of view. We responded in the same way to the calls for the construction of temporary hospitals or the completion of road and rail works after other general contractors had abandoned their contracts.

Our aim is to perform the contract through transparent subcontractor selection rules while respecting the interests of local communities and the environment. We make every effort to minimise the inconveniences for the residents and take into account the needs of the natural forest environment.”

BUDIMEX.PL

COMMENCEMENT OF WORKS ON THE BORDER WALL

https://www.budimex.pl/en/about-budimex/news/commencement-of-works-on-the-border-wall.html

[NOTES BELOW]

SEE FOR THE NOTES

WRITTEN NOTES[1]

THE GUARDIANPOLAND STARTS BUILDING WALL THROUGH PROTECTEDFOREST AT BELARUS BORDER27 JANUARY 2022
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/jan/27/poland-starts-building-wall-through-protected-forest-at-belarus-border

Poland has started building a wall along its frontier with Belarus aimed at preventing asylum seekers from entering the country, which cuts through a protected forest and Unesco world heritage site.

The Polish border guard said the barrier would measure 186km (115 miles), almost half the length of the border shared by the two countries, reach up to 5.5 metres (18ft) and cost €353m (£293m). It will be equipped with motion detectors and thermal cameras.

Poland has accused Belarus’s president, Alexander Lukashenko, of deliberately provoking a new refugee crisis in Europe by organising the movement of people from the Middle East to Minsk and promising them a safe passage to the EU in revenge for the sanctions Brussels has imposed on his authoritarian regime.

Thousands of asylum seekers, mainly from Syria, Iraqi Kurdistan and Afghanistan, were caught attempting to cross the frontier and were violently pushed back to Belarus by Poland’s border guards, and hundreds of families were trapped in the forest between the two countries in the midst of a frigid winter.

At least 19 people have died since the beginning of the border standoff between Poland and Belarus. Most of them died of exposure to freezing temperatures.

The humanitarian emergency reached its peak in November when Belarusian authorities escorted thousands of asylum seekers to the Polish border. Dozens of refugees told the Guardian how Belarusian troops gathered groups of up to 50 people and cut the barbed wire with shears to allow them to cross.

“The construction of the barrier on the Polish-Belarusian border has started,” said a statement from the Polish border guard on Twitter. “It is the largest construction investment in the history of the border guard.”

The cost is approximately 10 times the whole budget of Poland’s migration department this year.

The news has raised human rights concerns among aid workers and charities worried that refugees fleeing conflicts and starvation will not be able to apply for asylum, and there are also environmental concerns. “This money could be used to build and launch [an] effective and humane migration, reception and asylum policy,” said a spokesperson for Ocalenie Foundation, which supports refugees living in Poland. “No wall in the history of the world stopped migration. Also, it would be a disaster for the nature in Białowieża area.”

The Białowieża forest world heritage site, on the border between Poland and Belarus, is an immense range of primary forest including conifers and broadleaved trees. It is home to the largest population of European bison.

Anna Alboth, of Minority Rights Group and a member of Grupa Granica, a Polish network of NGOs monitoring the situation on the border, said: “Walls are dividing, not protecting. The decision about building such a wall on the Polish-Belarusian border is not only lawless but also brings a risk of irreversible harm to the environment, in one of the most rich natural places of Poland and the whole of Europe.

“Instead of spending money on walls and private companies, it should be spending on developing a migration policy that prioritises human rights and safety of the people on the move, local people, animals and nature.”

A border guard spokesperson, Anna Michalska, told Poland’s PAP news agency that the “intention is for the damage to be as small as possible”. She said: “Tree felling will be limited to the minimum required. The wall itself will be built along the border road.” Contractors would only make use of existing roads, she said.

Last year Warsaw’s rightwing government quadrupled the presence of border guards and military personnel in the area, creating a two-mile deep militarised zone, and built a razor-wire fence, in a show of force unknown in the country since the end of the cold war. Dozens of checkpoints were placed along the perimeter of the so-called red zone, which is inaccessible to aid workers and journalists.

Last week Poland’s supreme court condemned the government for preventing reporters from accessing the area. Judges in Warsaw said the ban was incompatible with Polish law and that “there is no justification for admitting that this particular professional group represents a threat to steps taken”.

END OF THE ARTICLE

[2]

Article 14

1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/instree/b1udhr.htm

Article 18

Right to asylum

The right to asylum shall be guaranteed with due respect for the rules of the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees and in accordance with the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Treaties’).

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF

THE EUROPEAN UNION

https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:12012P/TXT

OR

https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

[3]

THE GUARDIANON THE FROZEN FRONTIERS OF EUROPE WITHTHE MIGRANTS CAUGHT IN A LETHAL GAME

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

On the outskirts of the Białowieża forest – which bestrides the border between south-east Poland and Belarus – a group of seven Iraqi Kurds make their weary way towards the Polish hamlet of Grodzisk.

The latest miles of their journey have been from Belarus – crossing back and forth twice, deported after their first and second attempts. Now a third time: through sub-zero temperatures, across the primeval forest’s marshy terrain. Among them are two children: an eight-month-old girl and a two-year-old boy. When we came upon them, they were afraid to get up off the ground and begged us not to call the police, whispering: “They’ll kill us.”

The infant was still, though not asleep. They looked like waxen figures, their faces blank, though one woman’s face was covered in bruises.

This is one group among the thousands of migrants trapped in a perilous purgatorial terrain between Belarus and Poland, as gateway to the European Union, where they seek refuge and asylum. That gate has slammed shut, claiming eight known migrant lives so far. Poland’s rightwing government has secured parliamentary authority to build a Donald Trump-style wall the length of its frontier with Belarus, and meanwhile patrols the territory with a force of some 17,000 border police reinforced by military personnel.

The Polish government argues that it is a deliberate policy by Belarus to undermine the EU’s south eastern border by encouraging refugees to pour in. The government has also established a two-mile militarised zone adjacent to the frontier, from which medical services, volunteer aid workers and reporters are banned. Crystal van Leeuwen, a medical emergency manager with Médecins Sans Frontières, told the Guardian last week that NGOs must urgently gain access to the secure zone for migrants’ claims and international protection to be respected.

The migrants are part not only of the exodus in flight from war and other tribulation where they began their journeys – across the Middle East and Africa – but also pawns in a game between Belarus and Poland. Many are lured by Belarusian travel bureaux, controlled by the authoritarian government of Alexander Lukashenko, which, as middlemen, organise trips from the Middle East to Minsk, promising passage to the EU.

The Iraqi Kurdish group is from Duhok, near the Turkish border. It is the scene of intense recent intra-Kurdish fighting, and Turkish strikes against the Kurdish PKK organisation. The mother of the children, 28-year-old Amila Abedelkader, said that the group was lured to Belarus by a travel agency that would arrange travel by plane from Istanbul to Minsk, and access to the Polish border.

Migrants are charged €15,000-€20,000 when they reach Belarus. Airport photos show their arrival wearing shorts and T-shirts, clearly unaware of the temperatures awaiting them. They are then installed in state hotels managed by the regime, from which officially assigned buses and even taxis transfer them to the Polish or Lithuanian border.

Belarusian border guards then shove them past the fence. “Some migrants we saw had their faces sliced with barbed wire,” says volunteer aid worker Katarzyna Wappa. “We have amateur films showing how the Belarusians drive the migrants forward. The border guards stand there with snarling attack dogs in full battle gear.”

Abdelkader says her group had made their first crossing into Poland in early October, but were forced back by guards. Trapped between borders, they were given nothing to drink or eat. “The Polish guards caught us and pushed us back. They said: ‘Go back to Belarus.’ And the Belarusian soldier said: ‘No, no go back to Poland.’ When the water was all finished, my brother asked Polish soldiers for some water to drink. Every day we asked about water. They say: ‘No, no.’” The guards refused to supply milk for the baby. The migrants drank rainwater or from puddles.

This was their third attempt. Whether they have since been successful is unclear.

But every morning we receive news on WhatsApp from people held in the border guards’ cells. Bulletins such as: “Yesterday a family and their sick son staying with us were taken by the police back to the border.” And: “We are so frightened of going to the border because my baby is too small. Please help us.”

Back home in the nearest town of Hajnówka, Wappa says: “We are creating a network, trying to do what we can, but it’s too much to bear. People are dying in the forest and the Polish state offers no help apart from bringing in more troops, rounding them up, and deporting them back to no man’s land. And if we reach those people, what can we give them? A flask of tea, some warm clothes, then leave them in the darkness and cold?”

In the forest last week, volunteers found Mustafa, a 46-year-old man from Morocco, taken in by a volunteer named Mila. Speaking Spanish, Mustafa told us: “As I made my way through the forest, I saw a man lying on the ground. I don’t know if he was alive or dead. I walked two nights until I could go no further. I was walking at night, trying to sleep during the day. I was in a vacuum.

“Belarusian soldiers beat people,” he continued. “They beat me in Belarus. There are gangs that stand behind the army and attack us. They beat you, take your money, and split it 50-50, part for the gangs, part for soldiers. This border is like a river of death. What are you to do? Where to go, I do not know.” Mustafa’s fate remains in the balance.

Once on the Polish side, migrants are tracked down by border guards, police, army, and territorial defence forces; in the Hajnówka region, practically every second car on the road belongs to law enforcement officers. Others have darkened windows – either protecting or smuggling the migrants.

“We’re in a parcelled-off, isolated world,” adds Kamil Syller, initiator of the Green Light project, which aims to put green lights in windows to signify homes where refugees can find help, discreetly, and not be handed over to the police.

At the Mantiuk Hospital in Hajnówka, a boy from Somalia tells how he watched his two brothers freeze to death. “It’s impossible to say where it happened,” he says.

“Apparently he’s losing contact with reality,” say the doctors. “He often asks: ‘But where am I?’” The refugees who reach the hospital receive professional medical care, yet the hospital is patrolled by border guards, and as soon as someone’s health is restored, guards take them back to the border and leave them in the forest.

Medics on the Border, a group of doctors with an ambulance, operates in the “open” areas, but are not allowed in the off-limits zone. Asked how they can be of help, they say: “We need passes to the zone,” says Jakub Sieczko, a paramedic. “But this is impossible.”Advertisement

“We have no access to the off-limits zone,” says a Polish Red Cross workerfrom the border area. “We can’t hand over aid packages ourselves.”

Syller says that the refugees are freezing, succumbing to hypothermia and shaking from fear and cold. “The children are having reactions similar to epileptic attacks. The suffering and terror here can only remind you of wartime,” he explains.

Wappa feels that she is “witnessing scenes like out of a war, but at least in a war things are clear. “This is worse, because here half the society denies what’s going on. They think it’s all a big sham, that there are politics behind it. People say of the refugees: ‘Why did they even leave home and why take their children?’”

This land is steeped in dark history of flight and deportation. And there are few reminders so cogent as in the village of Narewka, where a row of houses from before the second world war is adorned with enlarged photographs of the Jewish residents who lived here until the Holocaust.

The pictures show people posing in their finest clothes: an elderly couple, an Orthodox family, a girl in a polka-dot dress with bows in her hair, a sophisticated lady wearing a cap.

Now, past those houses in memoriam for Jews deported from here, military and police vehicles pass, carrying migrants for deportation.

END OF THE ARTICLE

[4]

PUSHBACKS ARE FORBIDDEN ACCORDING TO ARTICLE  19.EU CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
 Article 18 

Article 19 
Protection in the event of removal, expulsion or extradition 1. Collective expulsions are prohibited. 2. No one may be removed, expelled or extradited to a State where there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.  

EU CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

”Polish pushback practices are also in violation of article 19 of the Charter and Protocol 4 of the ECHR, which both state unequivocally that collective or mass expulsions of aliens are prohibited”
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHPOLISH LEGISLATION AND VIOLATIONOF EU LAW
A CHAPTER FROM THE HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR BORDER ABUSES
https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

[5]

THE HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR BORDER ABUSES
https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

[6]

”On the outskirts of the Białowieża forest – which bestrides the border between south-east Poland and Belarus – a group of seven Iraqi Kurds make their weary way towards the Polish hamlet of Grodzisk.

The latest miles of their journey have been from Belarus – crossing back and forth twice, deported after their first and second attempts. Now a third time: through sub-zero temperatures, across the primeval forest’s marshy terrain. Among them are two children: an eight-month-old girl and a two-year-old boy.”THE GUARDIANON THE FROZEN FRONTIERS OF EUROPE WITHTHE MIGRANTS CAUGHT IN A LETHAL GAME

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

SEE FOR THE WHOLE TEXT, NOTE 3

[7]

”This is one group among the thousands of migrants trapped in a perilous purgatorial terrain between Belarus and Poland, as gateway to the European Union, where they seek refuge and asylum. That gate has slammed shut, claiming eight known migrant lives so far.”

THE GUARDIANON THE FROZEN FRONTIERS OF EUROPE WITHTHE MIGRANTS CAUGHT IN A LETHAL GAME

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

SEE FOR THE WHOLE TEXT, NOTE 3

”“At least 10 people, including a one-year-old child, have died at the EU’s Eastern borders in recent weeks. Today the European Commission is bringing in measures which undermine rights and normalize the dehumanization and suffering of people at the EU’s borders.”
AMNESTY INTERNATIONALEU ”EXCEPTIONAL MEASURES” NORMALIZE DEHUMANISATION OF ASYLUM SEEKERS’1 DECEMBER 2021

In response to today’s proposals from the European Commission which would allow Latvia, Lithuania and Poland to derogate from EU rules, including by holding asylum-seekers and migrants at the border for 16 weeks with minimal safeguards, Eve Geddie, Director of Amnesty International’s European Office said:

“The arrival of people at the EU’s borders with Belarus is entirely manageable with the rules as they stand. Today’s proposals will further punish people for political gain, weaken asylum protections, and undermine the EU’s standing at home and abroad. If the EU can allow a minority of member states to throw out the rule book due to the presence of a few thousand people at its border, it throws out any authority it has on human rights and the rule of law.

“The current situation at the EU’s borders with Belarus is being used by some countries as an excuse to weaken protections of asylum-seekers and push their anti-migrant agenda. Holding asylum seekers in detention for four months, without the protection standards required by international law, is normalising de facto unlawful detention at the EU’s external borders.

“Asylum rules should be upheld, not allowed to be side-stepped by countries via so-called exceptional measures. Amnesty International is alarmed that the proposal will violate people’s rights, and exacerbate the humanitarian crisis at borders while continuing to expose the EU to further internal and external manipulation and blackmailing.

“While Lukashenka’s mistreatment and instrumentalization of migrants and asylum seekers is deplorable, he is exploiting the EU’s own tendency to treat people at their borders as a threat.

“At least 10 people, including a one-year-old child, have died at the EU’s Eastern borders in recent weeks. Today the European Commission is bringing in measures which undermine rights and normalize the dehumanization and suffering of people at the EU’s borders.”

END OF STATEMENT

POLAND-BELARUS REFUGEE CRISIS/LETTER TO THE EU/EU’S HUMAN OBLIGATIONS AGAINST THE REFUGEES

ASTRID ESSED

4 DECEMBER 2021

REFUGEES IN BORDERLAND/DECEMBER 2021

ASTRID ESSED

25 DECEMBER 2021

[8]THE HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR BORDER ABUSES
https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

[9]
WIKIPEDIABIALOWIEZA FOREST

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bia%C5%82owie%C5%BCa_Forest

[10]
THE HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FOR BORDER ABUSES
https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALEU ”EXCEPTIONAL MEASURES” NORMALIZE DEHUMANISATION OF ASYLUM SEEKERS’1 DECEMBER 2021

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2021/12/eu-exceptional-measures-normalize-dehumanization-of-asylum-seekers/
SEE FOR THE WHOLE TEXT OF THE AMNESTY INTERNATIONALSTATEMENT, NOTE 7

END OF THE NOTES

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Astrid Essed Attack on Budimex, contractor of the Poland-Belarus Wall in the war on migrants

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Supermarkt Vomar steunt Israelische bezettingsstaat/Vomar, stop met de verkoop van avocado’s uit Israel!

Avocado Fruit Guacamole Vegetarian Cuisine - Avocados Png, Transparent Png, Free Download

VOMAR, STOP MET VERKOOP AVOCADO’S UIT ISRAEL!

Vuur en rook boven Gaza-Stad na een Israëlische luchtaanval AFPHTTPS://NOS.NL/COLLECTIE/13864/ARTIKEL/2381067-UREN-NA-TOESPRAAK-NETANYAHU-OPNIEUW-ISRAELISCHE-LUCHTAANVALLEN-OP-GAZA

Image result for Destruction of Gaza/Images

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA



MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSEGEBIEDENILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHTAn aerial shot of a housing community

The Israeli settlement of Maale Adumim in the occupied West Bank, with the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied East Jerusalem in the background. © 2020 Reuters
https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed

SUPERMARKT VOMAR STEUNT ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGSSTAAT/VOMAR, STOP MET DE VERKOOP VAN AVOCADO’SUIT ISRAEL!
AANSUPERMARKT VOMARFILIAAL AMSTERDAMSE POORT
Directie en Management

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management,
Als trouwe klant van de Vomar ben ik doorgaans tevreden, zowel overhet uitstekende aanbod/assortiment, als over de verleende service.Recentelijk is er echter iets gebeurd, dat mijn verontwaardiging heeft opgewekt, vandaar deze briefmail:
Toen ik recentelijk [in Week 2 of Week 3, 2022, daar wil ik af zijn] Vomarbezocht, zag ik dat u een aanbieding van avocado’s had, een voor de prijsvan 0.74 cent.Omdat ik erg van avocado’s houd [mag u weten], verheugde ik mijhier al op en besloot er een of meer te kopen.
Wie schetst echter mijn verbazing/teleurstelling, toen bleek [wantik check altijd het land van herkomst], dat deze avocado’s uit Israelbleken te komen!Des te groter was mijn teleurstelling, omdat dit bij u, in tegenstelling totbijvoorbeeld Albert Heijn [1], maar weinig voorkomt!Meestal komen uw avocado’s uit Zuid-Amerika of andere landen/continenten.Slechts een keer heb ik u betrapt op de mango verkoop uit Israelen dat hebt u dan ook van mij, via een briefmail, te horen/lezengekregen. [2]
Dus nu gaat u WEER de fout inTerwijl u toch moet weten, wat Israel, zijnde een bezettingsstaat sedert1967 [3], allemaal uitspookt, waardoor het moreel en ook politiek-maatschappelijk, verwerpelijk is, zaken met haar te doen.
GEHEUGENOPFRISSERTJE:
ISRAEL, BEZETTINGSSTAAT
U zult weten, hoort dat althans te weten, dat de Staat Israel reeds 1967 de Palestijnse gebieden de Westelijke Jordaanoever, Gaza [4] en Oost-Jeruzalem bezet houdt.En alsof dat al niet erg genoeg is, heeft die bezetting [zoals alle vreemde bezettingen, overal ter wereld] veroorzaakt onderdrukking, vernederingen,[oorlogs] misdaden.
Ik kan en wil die hier niet allemaal opsommen [trouwens, die lijst is onuitputtelijk], maar ernstige voorbeelden zijn onder andere de  Israelische luchtaanvallen op Gaza in 2021, waarbij in korte tijd zeker 197 doden gevallen zijn, onder wie 58 kinderen en honderden mensen gewond geraakt zijn. [5]
Dit alles was een escalatie van huisuitzettingen van Palestijnse families in het bezette Oost-Jeruzalem, om plaats te maken voor kolonisten! [6]
En zoals u zult weten, zijn kolonisten bewoners van in bezet gebied gestichte nederzettingen, die illegaal zijn volgens het Internationaal Recht [7] EN regelrechte landdiefstal, omdat zij worden gebouwd op gestolen Palestijns land of, zoals in het geval van Oost-Jeruzalem bij die uitgezette Palestijnse families, gestolen Palestijnse huizen
.Waarbij Israelische kolonisten vaak ook nog eens verantwoordelijk zijn voor bijna dagelijks geweld tegen de bezette Palestijnse bevolking! [8]
EN to add insult to injury, tijdens die confrontaties destijds mbt tot de huisuitzetingen in Oost-Jeruzalem heeft het Israelische leger ook nog eens de Al Aqsa Moskee bestormd! [9]Een Godshuis!
En dan nog in herinnering de Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza ”Protective Edge”,in 2014  waarbij Israel zich schuldig heeft gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In twee maanden tijd zijn meer dan 1400 mensen gedood [voornamelijkburgers], waaronder 526 kinderen, een VN school werd gebombardeerd, een ziekenhuis beschoten! [10]
Welcome in the House of Horrors!

ISRAEL, APARTHEIDSSTAAT
Maar er is nog meer Ellende!
Want Israel is een Apartheidsstaat, zoals ook is bevestigd doormensenrechtenorganisatie Human Rights Watch in een uitgebreid rapport. [11]I
k ga dat hier niet uitgebreid bespreken [ik heb meer te doen en aanstippenl ijkt mij wel voldoende voor het doel van deze mail], maar een voorbeeld is wat Israel verstaat onder een ”rechtssysteem”
Waar er in Israel sprake is van een gewoon rechtssysteem voor burgers, komen burgers in de Bezette Palestijnse Gebieden voor een Militaire Rechtbank! [12]
Niet alleen een idiote rechtsongelijkheid en daardoor groffe discriminatie, maar sinds wanneer komen niet militairen voor een Militaire Rechtbank?

FOUT!FOUT!FOUT!/GEEN AVOCADO’S MEER UIT ISRAEL!
U zult nu hopelijk begrijpen, hoe fout het is, dat u nog avocado’s en ook andere producten [ik heb bij uw filiaal in de Amsterdamse Poort, naast mango’s waarover u eerder bent aangeschreven[13],  ook weleens aardappelen uit Israel gezien!] verkoopt uit een land, dat bezettingsmacht is, land van de [Palestijnse] bevolking steelt, Palestijnse burgers hun eigen huis uitzet, scholen en ziekenhuizen bombardeert, oorlogsmisdaden pleegt. En als klap op de Vuurpijl nog folterpraktijken als ondervragingstaktiek hanteert! [14]

And, to add insult to injury, probeert Israel Palestijnse boeren kapot te makendoor hun organisatie [en andere Palestijnse mensenrechten/burgerorganisaties kapot te maken [15]En recentelijk nog, omdat we het toch over huisuitzettingen hadden-de huisuitzetting van een Palestijns gezin, ja, uit bezet Oost-Jeruzalem,waar door de EU schande van werd gesproken! [16]

Wanneer u dus persisteert, producten uit een dergelijk land af te nemen, faciliteert u de bezettingseconomie en houdt u het Kwaad van bezetting en onderdrukking tot stand.
Ik verwacht dus, neen ik EIS van u, dat u per direct stopt, producten uit Israel te verkopen.
Mocht u daarmee doorgaan, dan vindt u mij op uw Pad en ook andere ,invloedrijkere mensen en instanties.
Ik hoop dus, dat u aan mijn Oproep gehoor geeft.
Vriendelijk bedankt voor het lezen van deze Brief

Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam

NOTEN
Voor uw gemak hierbij de links naar de noten

NOTEN 1 T/M 9
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-9-astrid-essed-versus-supermarkt-vomar-inzake-palestina/

NOTEN 10 T/M 16

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Supermarkt Vomar steunt Israelische bezettingsstaat/Vomar, stop met de verkoop van avocado’s uit Israel!

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Poland-Belarus border crisis/Letter to the EU/”EU’s human obligations against the refugees”

Een Koerdische familie uit Irak wacht met zestien leden uit drie generaties op de grenswachten. Al acht keer werden ze teruggestuurd naar Wit-Rusland, waarbij ze klappen kregen en door honden gebeten werden. Foto Wojtek Radwanski / AFP

Voertuigen die zich nabij de grens begeven worden streng gecontroleerd. Foto Marko Djurica / Reuters

Achtergebleven spullen van migranten in de bossen. Velen van hen krijgen met geweld en intimidatie te maken. Foto Marko Djurica / Reuters

Ondertussen proberen hulporganisaties de migranten waar mogelijk te helpen. Hier sorteert een Poolse vrijwilligster gedoneerde kleding in een brandweerkazerne. Foto Kacper Pempel / Reuters

Activisten van de Poolse ngo Grupa Granica houden foto’s omhoog van gestrande migranten, met de oproep hen hulp te bieden. Foto Marko Djurica / Reuters

Oekraïense nationalisten houden borden en flares omhoog in protest tegen de komst van migranten voor de Poolse ambassade in Kiev. Foto Sergei Supinsky / AFP

Medici verzorgen een gewonde migrant, terwijl anderen verderop door de Poolse politie worden ingerekend. De Poolse premier Mateusz sprak onlangs van „een brute schending van onze oostelijke grens (…) de ergste in dertig jaar”. Foto Woitek Radwanski / AFP

Migranten drommen samen om noodpakketten te ontvangen van de Wit-Russische krijgsmacht. Foto Stringer / EPA

Een migrant draagt zijn ontvangen noodrantsoen weg van het uitdeelpunt van het Wit-Russische leger. Veel migranten verblijven in het grensgebied onder erbarmelijke omstandigheden. Foto Stringer / EPA

Poolse militairen en politieagenten staan rechts paraat langs de grens met Wit-Rusland, terwijl links migranten te zien zijn in hun geïmproviseerde kampementen.

POLAND-BELARUS BORDER CRISIS/LETTER TO THE EU/”EU’S HUMAN OBLIGATIONS AGAINST THE REFUGEES, WHO ARE TRAPPED BETWEENTHE POLAND-BELARUS BORDER”

TO MRS Y JOHANSSONEU COMMISSIONER  FOR HOME AFFAIRSRelating her responsibility for Migration and Asylum
Subject:The Poland Belarus crisis on migrants:Eu’s obligations regarding universal human rights

Dear Mrs Johansson,[When you are pressed with time, just read the last piece”EU’s obligations”]

I am greatly concerned about EU’s recent attitude against refugees, who are trapped in the border between Poland and BelarusFirstly the EU waited months after months and allowing Poland to close andmilitarize its borders against those refugees, thus violating their right on asylum,violating their universal human rights by letting them try to survive in the freezingcold and, to add insult to injury, pushing them back from the border, fully knowing that push-backs are against International Law. [1]As a consequence, at least thirteen refugees died. [2]Instead of immediately demanding of Poland, to refrain from violatinghuman rights and giving those refugees entrance to Poland, all the EUdid was express solidarity with Poland and also denying the refugees their right to asylum:I quote from the statement from EU president, mrs von der Leyen, from 8th november 2021:”Finally, the Commission will explore with the UN and its specialised agencies how to prevent a humanitarian crisis from unfolding and to ensure that migrants can be safely returned to their country of origin, with the support of their national authorities.” [3] That’s inhuman.
In her report ”Die Here or Go to Poland”, Human Rights Watch wrote among else:”Polish authorities should immediately halt all summary returns and collective expulsions to Belarus and stop all abuse by Polish officials of migrants. The government of Poland should also immediately allow humanitarian and other civil society organizations access to the area currently restricted under the state of emergency order for the purposes of saving lives. Journalists and other monitors should also be permitted access.” [4]Poland is a EU member and should apply toEU rules, among else consolidated in the Charter’for Fundamental Rights of the EU Union [5],in which the right to asylum is granted [article 18] [6] and pushbacks are forbidden [article 18, article 19,EU Charter of Fundamental Rights] [7]
As long as Poland is an EU member, Poland has to conduct according toEU rules!And it is the EU task to remember Poland of its obligations.
PROPOSAL OF THE EU COMMISSION FROM1 DECEMBER 2021
Not only that has not happened, now the EU Commission did proposals in the favour of Poland.Latva and Lithuania taking ”exceptional measures”I refer to the recent Statement from 1 december 2021, calling for measures of an ”of an extraordinary and exceptional nature” [8]
According to my information from Amnesty International,EU Commission proposals ”normalize dehumanisationof asylum seekers” [9]
Amnesty International writes among else:
”“The arrival of people at the EU’s borders with Belarus is entirely manageable with the rules as they stand. Today’s proposals will further punish people for political gain, weaken asylum protections, and undermine the EU’s standing at home and abroad. If the EU can allow a minority of member states to throw out the rule book due to the presence of a few thousand people at its border, it throws out any authority it has on human rights and the rule of law.

“The current situation at the EU’s borders with Belarus is being used by some countries as an excuse to weaken protections of asylum-seekers and push their anti-migrant agenda. Holding asylum seekers in detention for four months, without the protection standards required by international law, is normalising de facto unlawful detention at the EU’s external borders.” [10]

That’s clear language and I have nothing to add to this

EU’S OBLIGATION

Summarizing:

During the Poland-Belarus crisis on migrants,

all the EU really did was to express solidarity

with Poland, thus encouraging Poland in it’s 

unlawful policy of denying the right to asylum and

practising illegal pushbacks and, to add insult

to injury, letting vulnerable refugee freezing in the cold,

without adequate provisions.

With this the EU has violated her own rules of

humanity, right to asylum and the prohibition

of pushbacks.

So it’s time, the EU acts again in accordance with it’s own Charter and Laws and not proposing ”extraordinary

measures” [11] which violate it’s own rules.

So I call the EU to require from Poland to admit the

refugees and give them a proper asylum procedure,

according to human rights and stop pushing them back.

Of course Belarus bears responsibility too for the

existing situation [12], but that doesn’t excuse

the EU from practising their own rules of

humanitarian protection of refugees, which is formally established in the EU Law.

Return to your own Laws and Charters, EU and stop

dehumanizing refugees.

That’s all I ask.

Kind regards

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES[1]

HUMAN RIGHTSHUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FORBORDER ABUSES

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

[2]

”At least 13 people have died in the area in recent weeks, most due to exposure.”

THE GUARDIAN

ONE YEAR OLD SYRIAN CHILD DIES

IN FOREST ON POLAND-BELARUS BORDER

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/18/one-year-old-syrian-child-dies-in-forest-on-poland-belarus-border

[3]

EU SOLIDARITY WITH POLAND:

”I have spoken to Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, Lithuanian Prime Minister Ingrida Šimonytė and Latvian Prime Minister Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš to express the EU’s solidarity and discuss with them the measures the EU can take to support them in their efforts to deal with this crisis.”

STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT VON DER LEYEN ON

THE SITUATION AT THE BORDER BETWEEN

POLAND AND BELARUS

8 NOVEMBER 2021

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_21_5867

EU, NOT RESPECTING THE RIGHT ON ASYLUM:

”’Finally, the Commission will explore with the UN and its specialised agencies how to prevent a humanitarian crisis from unfolding and to ensure that migrants can be safely returned to their country of origin, with the support of their national authorities.”

STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT VON DER LEYEN ON

THE SITUATION AT THE BORDER BETWEEN

POLAND AND BELARUS

8 NOVEMBER 2021

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_21_5867

FULL TEXT:

Belarus must stop putting people’s lives at risk.

The instrumentalisation of migrants for political purposes by Belarus is unacceptable.

The Belarusian authorities must understand that pressuring the European Union in this way through a cynical instrumentalisation of migrants will not help them succeed in their purposes.

I have spoken to Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, Lithuanian Prime Minister Ingrida Šimonytė and Latvian Prime Minister Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš to express the EU’s solidarity and discuss with them the measures the EU can take to support them in their efforts to deal with this crisis.

I am calling on Member States to finally approve the extended sanctions regime on the Belarusian authorities responsible for this hybrid attack.

Vice-President Schinas, in coordination with High Representative/Vice-President Borrell, will travel in the coming days to the main countries of origin and of transit to ensure that they act to prevent their own nationals from falling into the trap set by the Belarusian authorities.

The EU will in particular explore how to sanction, including through blacklisting, third country airlines that are active in human trafficking.

Finally, the Commission will explore with the UN and its specialised agencies how to prevent a humanitarian crisis from unfolding and to ensure that migrants can be safely returned to their country of origin, with the support of their national authorities.

[4]HUMAN RIGHTSHUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORTSUMMARY”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FORBORDER ABUSES

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

[5]

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

[6]

Article 18 Right to asylum 
The right to asylum shall be guaranteed with due respect for the rules of the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees and in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community.
CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

[7]
Article 18 Right to asylum 
The right to asylum shall be guaranteed with due respect for the rules of the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees and in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community.
CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

Article 19 Protection in the event of removal, expulsion or extradition 
1. Collective expulsions are prohibited. 2. No one may be removed, expelled or extradited to a State where there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf

”Notwithstanding any changes to Polish law, Poland’s pushbacks without due process violate EU law including the Charter of Fundamental Rights.[25] The Charter guarantees the right to asylum and standard international refugee law practice, under which any expression of intent to seek asylum should promptly be forwarded to the competent authorities for assessment based on the person’s individual grounds for seeking asylum.[26]

HUMAN RIGHTSHUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FORBORDER ABUSES
POLISH LEGISLATION & VIOLATION OF EU LAW
https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

Polish pushback practices are also in violation of article 19 of the Charter and Protocol 4 of the ECHR, which both state unequivocally that collective or mass expulsions of aliens are prohibited.[28]

HUMAN RIGHTSHUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FORBORDER ABUSES
POLISH LEGISLATION & VIOLATION OF EU LAW
https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses
[8]
ASYLUM AND RETURN: COMMISSION PROPOSES TEMPORARY LEGALAND PRACTICAL MEASURES TO ADDRESS THE EMERGENCY SITUATIONAT THE EU’S EXTERNAL BORDER WITH BELARUS1 DECEMBER 2021
https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_6447

TEXT

The Commission is today putting forward a set of temporary asylum and return measures to assist Latvia, Lithuania and Poland in addressing the emergency situation at the EU’s external border with Belarus. The measures will allow these Member States to set up swift and orderly processes to manage the situation, in full respect of fundamental rights and international obligations, including the principle of non-refoulement. The proposal follows the invitation by the European Council for the Commission to propose any necessary changes to the EU’s legal framework and concrete measures underpinned by adequate financial support to ensure an immediate and appropriate response in line with EU law and international obligations, including the respect of fundamental rights. The measures, based on Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, will enter into force after their adoption by the Council. The European Parliament will be consulted. The measures will remain in force for a period of 6 months.

Vice-President for Promoting our European Way of Life, Margaritis Schinas, said: “In the past weeks, we have managed to bring the EU’s collective weight to bear in face of the hybrid attack directed at our Union. Collectively, the EU made clear that attempts to undermine our Union will only solidify our solidarity with one another.  Today we are giving living manifestation to that solidarity: in the form of a set of temporary and exceptional measures that will equip Latvia, Lithuania and Poland with the means needed to respond to these extraordinary circumstances in a controlled and swift manner and to operate in conditions of legal certainty.”

Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson, said: “Although the EU’s intense efforts have brought rapid results, the situation remains delicate. Today, to protect our borders, and to protect people, we are giving flexibility and support to Member States to manage this emergency situation, without compromising on human rights. This should allow the Member States in question to fully uphold the right to asylum and align legislation with EU acquis. It’s also time limited and targeted. To make our response to hybrid threats future-proof, we activate the EU’s formidable diplomatic and legal capacity, to apply sanctions and persuade third countries to stop flights. We will soon propose a reform of the Schengen rules. Making progress now on the Pact on Migration and Asylum is essential.”

Provisional measures proposed

The measures included in this proposal are of an extraordinary and exceptional nature. They will apply for a period of 6 months, unless extended or repealed, and will apply to non-EU nationals who have irregularly entered the EU from Belarus and are at the vicinity of the border or those who present themselves at border crossing points. The main elements of the proposal are:

Emergency migration and asylum management procedure at the external borders:

  • The 3 Member States will have the possibility to extend the registration period for asylum applications to 4 weeks, instead of the current 3 to 10 days. The Member States may also apply the asylum procedure at the border to process all asylum claims, including the appeal, within a maximum of 16 weeks – except where adequate support for applicants with particular health issues cannot be provided. In doing so, well-founded claims and those of families and children should be prioritised.
  • Material reception conditions: Member States focus reception conditions on the covering of basic needs, including temporary shelter adapted to the seasonal weather conditions, food, water, clothing, adequate medical care, and assistance to vulnerable persons, in full respect of human dignity. It is important that Member States ensure close cooperation with UNHCR and relevant partner organisations to support individuals in this emergency situation.
  • Return procedure: Member States concerned will be able to apply simplified and quicker national procedures including for the return of people whose applications for international protection have been rejected in this context.

All procedures carried out in line with this proposal must respect fundamental rights and specific guarantees provided for by EU law, including the best interests of the child, emergency health care and needs of vulnerable people, the use of coercive measures and detention conditions.

Practical support and cooperation:

  • Support from EU agencies: EU agencies stand ready to help the Member States on request. The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) can help register and process applications, ensure screening of vulnerable people and support the management, design and putting in place of adequate reception. Further Frontex support is available for border control activities, including screening and return operations. Support from Europol is also available to provide intelligence to counter smuggling.
  • Continued cooperation: The Commission, the Member States and EU Agencies will continue their cooperation, including an obligation on the Member States to continue reporting relevant data and statistics via the EU Migration Preparedness and Crisis Management Network.

The Commission will regularly reassess the situation and may propose to the Council to prolong or repeal these provisional measures.

Next steps

Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU states that after consulting the European Parliament, the Council may adopt provisional measures for the benefit of the Member States concerned. This happens by qualified majority vote. Once agreed by the Council, in view of the urgency of the situation, this Decision should enter into force the day after its publication in the Official Journal of the EU.

Background  

Since the summer, the Lukashenko regime and its supporters have initiated a hybrid attack on the EU, especially Lithuania, Poland and Latvia, which have experienced an insidious new threat in the form of the instrumentalisation of desperate people.

In October 2021, the European Council invited the Commission to propose any necessary changes to the EU’s legal framework to respond to the state-sponsored instrumentalisation of people at the EU’s external border with Belarus. Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides for the adoption of provisional measures in emergency migratory situations at the EU’s external borders.

Today’s proposal is the latest in a series of coordinated EU actions that include: targeted measures for transport operators that facilitate or engage in smuggling; diplomatic and external action; stepping up humanitarian assistance and support for border and migration management.

This proposal is in line with the comprehensive approach set out in the New Pact on Migration and Asylum. It complements the Schengen Borders Code and the upcoming Schengen reform, in which the Commission intends to propose a permanent framework for addressing possible situations of instrumentalisation that may still confront the Union in the future.

Financing of this proposal will be accommodated within the budget of the existing EU funding instruments under the period 2014-2020 and 2021-2027 in the field of migration, asylum and border management. Where exceptionally necessary, if the situation aggravates further, the flexibility mechanisms within the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 could be used.

For More Information

Proposal for a Council Decision on provisional emergency measures for the benefit of Latvia, Lithuania and Poland

Communication: Responding to state-sponsored instrumentalisation of migrants at the EU external border

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALEU ”EXCEPTIONAL MEASURES” NORMALIZE DEHUMANISATION OF ASYLUM SEEKERS’1 DECEMBER 2021
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/press-release/2021/12/eu-exceptional-measures-normalize-dehumanization-of-asylum-seekers/

In response to today’s proposals from the European Commission which would allow Latvia, Lithuania and Poland to derogate from EU rules, including by holding asylum-seekers and migrants at the border for 16 weeks with minimal safeguards, Eve Geddie, Director of Amnesty International’s European Office said:

“The arrival of people at the EU’s borders with Belarus is entirely manageable with the rules as they stand. Today’s proposals will further punish people for political gain, weaken asylum protections, and undermine the EU’s standing at home and abroad. If the EU can allow a minority of member states to throw out the rule book due to the presence of a few thousand people at its border, it throws out any authority it has on human rights and the rule of law.

“The current situation at the EU’s borders with Belarus is being used by some countries as an excuse to weaken protections of asylum-seekers and push their anti-migrant agenda. Holding asylum seekers in detention for four months, without the protection standards required by international law, is normalising de facto unlawful detention at the EU’s external borders.

“Asylum rules should be upheld, not allowed to be side-stepped by countries via so-called exceptional measures. Amnesty International is alarmed that the proposal will violate people’s rights, and exacerbate the humanitarian crisis at borders while continuing to expose the EU to further internal and external manipulation and blackmailing.

“While Lukashenka’s mistreatment and instrumentalization of migrants and asylum seekers is deplorable, he is exploiting the EU’s own tendency to treat people at their borders as a threat.

“At least 10 people, including a one-year-old child, have died at the EU’s Eastern borders in recent weeks. Today the European Commission is bringing in measures which undermine rights and normalize the dehumanization and suffering of people at the EU’s borders.”

END OF STATEMENT

[10]AMNESTY INTERNATIONALEU ”EXCEPTIONAL MEASURES” NORMALIZE DEHUMANISATION OF ASYLUM SEEKERS’1 DECEMBER 2021
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/press-release/2021/12/eu-exceptional-measures-normalize-dehumanization-of-asylum-seekers/

[11]AMNESTY INTERNATIONALEU ”EXCEPTIONAL MEASURES” NORMALIZE DEHUMANISATION OF ASYLUM SEEKERS’1 DECEMBER 2021
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/press-release/2021/12/eu-exceptional-measures-normalize-dehumanization-of-asylum-seekers/

[12]HUMAN RIGHTSHUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT”DIE HERE OR GO TO POLAND”BELARUS’ AND POLAND’S SHARED RESPONSIBILITY FORBORDER ABUSES

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/11/24/die-here-or-go-poland/belarus-and-polands-shared-responsibility-border-abuses

END OF NOTES

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Poland-Belarus border crisis/Letter to the EU/”EU’s human obligations against the refugees”

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Supermarkt Vomar, stop met de verkoop van Israelische producten!

SUPERMARKT VOMAR, STOP MET DE VERKOOP VAN ISRAELISCHEPRODUCTEN!

ISRAELISCHE BOMBARDEMENTEN OP GAZA IN MEI 2021/TERREUR EN BEZETTING/BRIEF AAN DE LEDEN VAN DE COMMISSIE BUITENLANDSE ZAKEN VAN DE TWEEDE KAMER

Image result for Destruction of Gaza/Images

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSEGEBIEDENILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHTAn aerial shot of a housing community

The Israeli settlement of Maale Adumim in the occupied West Bank, with the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied East Jerusalem in the background. © 2020 Reuters
https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed

VOMAR, VERKOOP GEEN MANGO’S UIT ISRAEL! 1  11201×639

Mango No Background - Mango Kent, HD Png Download, Free Download

AANSUPERMARKT VOMARFILIAAL AMSTERDAMSE POORT
Directie en Management

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management,
Als trouwe klant van de Vomar ben ik doorgaans tevreden, zowel overhet uitstekende aanbod/assortiment, als over de verleende service.Recentelijk is er echter iets gebeurd, dat mijn verontwaardiging heeft opgewekt, vandaar deze briefmail.
Toen ik afgelopen vrijdag de Vomar weer bezocht, deze keer uw filiaalAmsterdam Amsterdamse Poort, welgemoed en vrolijk, nam ik zoals gebruikelijkeen reclamefolder, lopend van zondag 29 augustus t/m zaterdag 4 september[zoals te doen gebruikelijk bij Vomar] en zag, dat er mango’s in deaanbieding waren [voor 0,99 cent, leuk, scherp prijsje!]Maar komend bij de groenteafdeling werd mijn woede opgewekt
ISRAEL!Want zoals u al aan bovenstaande capital uitroep kunt zien, lasik op de doos waarin de mango’s zaten, dat deze uit Israel kwamen.En dat is ZO fout!
Eigenlijk een schande, dat ik u in onderstaande moet uitleggen, hoe fout dat is!
ISRAEL, BEZETTINGSSTAAT
U zult weten, hoort dat althans te weten, dat de Staat Israel reeds 54de Palestijnse gebieden de Westelijke Jordaanoever, Gaza [1] en Oost-Jeruzalem bezet houdt.En alsof dat al niet erg genoeg is, heeft die bezetting [zoals alle vreemdebezettingen, overal ter wereld] veroorzaakt onderdrukking, vernederingen,[oorlogs] misdaden.Ik kan en wil die hier niet allemaal opsommen [trouwens, die lijst is onuitputtelijk], maar ernstige voorbeelden zijn de recente Israelische luchtaanvallen op Gaza, waarbij in korte tijd zeker 197 doden gevallenzijn, onder wie 58 kinderen en honderden mensen gewond geraakt zijn. [2]
Dit alles was een escalatie van huisuitzettingen van Palestijnse families inhet bezette Oost-Jeruzalem, om plaats te maken voor kolonisten! [3]En zoals u zult weten, zijn kolonisten bewoners van in bezet gebied gestichtenederzettingen, die illegaal zijn volgens het Internationaal Recht [4] EN regelrechte landdiefstal, omdat zij worden gebouwd op gestolenPalestijns land of, zoals in het geval van Oost-Jeruzalem bij die uitgezettePalestijnse families, gestolen Palestijnse huizen.Waarbij Israelische kolonisten vaak ook nog eens verantwoordelijk zijnvoor bijna dagelijks geweld tegen de bezette Palestijnse bevolking! [5]
EN to add insult to injury, tijdens die confrontaties mbt tot de huisuitzetingenin Oost-Jeruzalem heeft het Israelische leger in die tijd ook nog eensde Al Aqsa Moskee bestormd! [6]Een Godshuis!
En dan nog in herinnering de Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza ”Protective Edge”,in 2014  waarbij Israel zich schuldig heeft gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In twee maanden tijd zijn meer dan 1400 mensen gedood [voornamelijkburgers], waaronder 526 kinderen, een VN school werd gebombardeerd, een ziekenhuis beschoten! [7]Welcome in the House of Horror!
ISRAEL, APARTHEIDSSTAAT
Maar er is nog meer Ellende!Want Israel is een Apartheidsstaat, zoals ook is bevestigd doormensenrechtenorganisatie Human Rights Watch in een uitgebreid rapport. [8]Ik ga dat hier niet uitgebreid bespreken [ik heb meer te doen en aanstippenlijkt mij wel voldoende voor het doel van deze mail], maar een voorbeeld is watIsrael verstaat onder een ”rechtssysteem”
Waar er in Israel sprake is van een gewoon rechtssysteem voor burgers,komen burgers in de Bezette Palestijnse Gebieden voor een MilitaireRechtbank! [9]Niet alleen een idiote rechtsongelijkheid en daarvoor groffe discriminatie, maar sinds wanneer komen niet militairen voor een Militaire Rechtbank?

FOUT!FOUT!FOUT!/GEEN MANGO’S MEER UIT ISRAEL!
U zult nu hopelijk begrijpen, hoe fout het is, dat u nog mango’s en ookandere producten [ik heb bij uw filiaal in de Amsterdamse Poort ookweleens aardappelen uit Israel gezien!] verkoopt uit een land, dat bezettingsmacht is, land van de [Palestijnse] bevolking steelt, Palestijnseburgers hun eigen huis uitzet, scholen en ziekenhuizen bombardeert, oorlogsmisdaden pleegt.En als klap op de Vuurpijl nog folterpraktijken als ondervragingstaktiekhanteert! [10]
Populair gezegd:Een Gangsterregime, dat onderdrukt, steelt, bezet
Wanneer u producten uit een dergelijk land afneemt, faciliteert u de bezettingseconomie en houdt u het Kwaad van bezetting en onderdrukking tot stand.
Ik verwacht dus, neen ik EIS van u, dat u per direct stopt,producten uit Israel te verkopen.
Mocht u daarmee doorgaan, dan vindt u mij op uw Pad en ook andere,invloedrijkere mensen en instantikes.
Ik hoop dus, dat u aan mijn Oproep gehoor geeft.
Vriendelijk bedankt voor het lezen van deze Brief
Vriendelijke groetenAstrid EssedAmsterdam 
P/S
Deze brief is tevens als link [te zien op mijn website] doorgestuurdnaar het contactformulier van de Vomar

NOTEN
VOOR UW GEMAK EEN LINK NAAR DE NOTEN
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-10-bij-brief-aan-supermarkt-vomar-over-de-verkoop-van-israelische-producten/

OF

https://www.dewereldmorgen.be/community/noten-1-t-m-10-bij-brief-aan-supermarkt-vomar-over-de-verkoop-van-israelische-producten/

FYSIEKE NOTEN

[1]
GAZA IS NOG STEEDS BEZET GEBIEDZIE WAT MENSENRECHTENORGANISATIE HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH HIEROVER ZEGT, GEBASEERD OP HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT
”“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL: ”DISENGAGEMENT” WILL NOT ENDGAZA OCCUPATION
https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

[2]
”Volgens het Palestijnse ministerie van Volksgezondheid zijn sinds maandag 197 Palestijnen om het leven gekomen, onder wie 58 kinderen. Ook zijn er zeker 1235 gewonden gevallen.”
NOSUREN NA TOESPRAAK NETANYAHU OPNIEUW ISRAELISCHE LUCHTAANVALLEN OP GAZA

https://nos.nl/collectie/13864/artikel/2381067-uren-na-toespraak-netanyahu-opnieuw-israelische-luchtaanvallen-op-gaza

ZIE VOOR GEHELE TEKST, NOOT 9 VAN DE VOLGENDE LINK
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-24-bij-brief-aan-de-tweede-kamer-over-de-israelische-militaire-aanvallen-op-gaza-dd-mei-2021/

HORENDE BIJ
https://www.astridessed.nl/israel-zaait-dood-en-verderf-in-gaza-brief-aan-de-leden-van-de-commissie-buitenlandse-zaken-van-de-tweede-kamer/

[3]
”Huisuitzettingen Vrijdagavond escaleerde opnieuw het geweld tussen Israëlische politie en Palestijnse demonstranten in Jeruzalem, vooral vanwege de dreigende huisuitzettingen van Palestijnse families in Oost-Jeruzalem.”
NRCFRUSTRATIES IN JERUZALEM BEREIKEN GEWELDDADIG KOOKPUNT

https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2021/05/08/frustraties-in-jeruzalem-bereiken-gewelddadig-kookpunt-a4042918

ZIE VOOR TEKST ARTIKEL
NOOT 2 VAN DE VOLGENDE LINK
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-24-bij-brief-aan-de-tweede-kamer-over-de-israelische-militaire-aanvallen-op-gaza-dd-mei-2021/

BEHORENDE BIJ
https://www.astridessed.nl/israel-zaait-dood-en-verderf-in-gaza-brief-aan-de-leden-van-de-commissie-buitenlandse-zaken-van-de-tweede-kamer/

[4]

OVER DE ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN,VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT
HET RODE KRUIS:

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

[5]

BTSELEM.ORG

STATE BACKED SETTLER VIOLENCE

https://www.btselem.org/settler_violence

[6]

BESTORMING AL AQSA MOSKEE

YOUTUBE.COM

ISRAEL VALT AL AQSA MOSKEE BINNEN, AANHOUDENDEONRUST IN JERUZALEM

[7]

‘More than 1,400 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been killed since Israel began its latest offensive in Gaza on 8 July. ”


AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

USA: STOP ARMS TRANSFERS TO ISRAEL AMIDGROWING EVIDENCE OF WAR CRIMES IN GAZA

31 JULY 2014

”1391, or 63%, of the 2,202 Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in Operation “Protective Edge” did not take part in the hostilities. Of these, 526 – a quarter of all Palestinians killed in the operation – were children under eighteen years of age”

BTSELEM.ORG

50 DAYS: MORE THAN 500 CHILDREN: FACTS AND FIGURES ON FATALITIES IN GAZA, 

SUMMER 2014

https://www.btselem.org/press_releases/20160720_fatalities_in_gaza_conflict_2014

”Israël heeft een staakt-het-vuren afgekondigd in de Gaza-strook. Het leger spreekt van een ‘humanitair bestand’ dat op maandag geldt van 7 tot 14 uur.

Het volgt op scherpe wereldwijde kritiek op de Israëlische beschieting van een VN-school in Gaza. De Verenigde Staten reageerden buitengewoon scherp op de tweede raketaanval in een week op een VN-school in de Gaza-strook. Een woordvoerder van het Amerikaanse ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken zegt ‘geschokt’ te zijn door de ‘schandelijke beschieting van de VN-school’.

TIJD.BE

”HUMANITAIR” BESTAND IN GAZA

https://www.tijd.be/nieuws/politiek_economie_internationaal/VS_halen_uit_naar_Israel/9530325.html

HET INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS

”We explicitly and loudly condemned the direct shelling of the Al Aqsa hospital on July 21st that killed at least four people”

INTERNATIONAL RED CROSSNO WONDER GAZANS ARE ANGRY.THE RED CROSS CAN’T PROTECT THEM

25 JULI 2014

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/article/editorial/07-24-gaza-israel-palestine-maio.htm

ZIE VOOR TEKSTEN OOK NOTEN 15,16,17 EN 18 UIT

BEHORENDE BIJ

[8]

””Israel has maintained military rule over some portion of the Palestinian population for all but six months of its 73-year history. It did so over the vast majority of Palestinians inside Israel from 1948 and until 1966. From 1967 until the present, it has militarily ruled over Palestinians in the OPT, excluding East Jerusalem. By contrast, it has since its founding governed all Jewish Israelis, including settlers in the OPT since the beginning of the occupation in 1967, under its more rights-respecting civil law.”

RAPPORT

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

A TRESHOLD CROSSEDISRAELI AUTHORITIES AND THE CRIME OF APARTHEID AND PERSECUTION

27 APRIL 2021

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution

[9]

”A new report published by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) outlines the nature of the legal regime currently operating in the West Bank. Two systems of law are applied in a single territory: one – a civilian legal system for Israeli citizens, and a second – a military court system for Palestinian residents. The result: institutionalized discrimination.”

ACRI [ASSOCIATION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS IN ISRAEL]ONE RULE, TWO LEGAL SYSTEMS: ISRAEL’S REGIME OF LAWSIN THE WEST BANK

24 NOVEMBER 2014

[10]

BTSELEM.ORG

TORTURE AND ABUSE IN INTERROGATION

Torture and Abuse in Interrogation

Torture and Abuse in InterrogationIn interrogating Palestinian residents of the Occupied Territories, the Israel Security Agency (ISA, also known …

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Supermarkt Vomar, stop met de verkoop van Israelische producten!

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Treedt op tegen mishandeling Palestijnse gevangenen!/Brief aan leden Commissie Buitenlandse Zaken van de Tweede Kamer

TREEDT OP TEGEN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN!/BRIEF AAN LEDEN COMMISSIE BUITENLANDSE ZAKEN VAN DE TWEEDE KAMER

Screenshot uit de door Haaretz naar buiten gebrachte video.  

HEBREEUWSE EDITIE THE HAARETZ MET FILMBEELDEN

VAN MISHANDELING

https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-MAGAZINE-1.9890422?utm_source=App_Share&utm_medium=Android_Native&utm_campaign=Share

YOUTUBE FILMPJE VAN MISHANDELING

AANDe  leden van de commissie-Buitenlandse Zaken van de Tweede Kamer
Uw taakomschrijving:

De vaste commissie voor Buitenlandse Zaken behandelt de onderwerpen die te maken hebben met het beleid van de minister van Buitenlandse Zaken, behalve het interne beleid van de Europese Unie (EU). EU-onderwerpen worden namelijk behandeld door de commissie voor Europese Zaken. De commissie voor Buitenlandse Zaken overlegt regelmatig met de minister over actuele kwesties, zoals de situatie in conflictgebieden, mensenrechten en het uitzenden van Nederlandse militairen naar crisisgebieden. Ook behandelt de commissie de begroting van Buitenlandse Zaken, ontvangt ze internationale delegaties en gaat ze ieder jaar op werkbezoek naar het buitenland.

https://www.tweedekamer.nl/kamerleden_en_commissies/commissies/buza

Onderwerp: Israelisch gewelddadig optreden tegen Palestijnse gevangenen
[Deze mail is tevens gestuurd aan uw Tweede Kamer collegae],

Geachte dames en heren,
Zoals u wellicht nog weet, wend ik mij wel vaker tot uw Tweede Kamer inverband met het onrecht in verband met het Midden-Oostenconflict, maar ookbetreffende andere onderwerpen, de mensenrechten betreffende [1]Meestal geef ik u dan een uitgebreide toelichting, waarin ik dieper inga opallerlei internatiionaalrechtelijke aspecten [2]
In dit geval echter ga ik het kort[er] houden, omdat de zaak vrij simpel is:Het betreft hier een schokkend geval van mishandeling van Palestijnsegevangenen, waartegen u, binnen uw mogelijkheden uiteraard, moet optreden en wel nu!
SCHOKKENDE BEELDEN/MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN
Mij bereikte het bericht over de schokkende mishandeling van Palestijnsegevangenen in de Israelische gevangenis Ketziot [3] en de beelden daarvan werden gepubliceerd door de Israelische krant de Haaretz in zijnHebreeuwse editie [4]
Zie onder noot 5 de Beelden, die ook te zien zijn onder noot 6, op de sitevan The Rights Forum en waarvan afbeeldingen op de Hebreeuwse editievan de Haaretz, noot 7
Wat u ziet is overduidelijk:Gevangenen worden over de grond gesleept, op een hoop gegooid enmishandeld.Wat u ziet is onacceptabel!
De zaak, die dateert uit 2019 [8] naar buiten is gebracht door de Haaretz [waarvoor van mijnkant waardering], werd ”onderzocht” ”Onderzocht”, schrijf ik tussen aanhalingstekens, omdat dat ”onderzoek”geen naam mocht hebben, waardoor de term ”in de doofpot stoppen”,beter gekozen is.
In een redactioneel artikel schrijft de Haaretz daarover:
”It wasn’t only the Prison Service that looked the other way. In the Israel Police, Lahav 433’s National Prison Investigation Unit did as little as possible to probe the affair: Only one guard was questioned and even though he admitted that he had engaged in gratuitous violence, it wasn’t enough for the police or prosecutors to proceed with an indictment. This was a negligent investigation – with no real effort to identify the guards and no police lineup – which proves that even when such an unusual case of abuse has been fully documented, the police still prefer to sweep it under the rug. [9]
EN
”It’s hard to believe that the investigation would have ended this way if the prisoners had been Jews. But in this case, the victims were Palestinian terrorists and security prisoners belonging to Hamas. Therefore, not only was the case closed on the grounds that “the offender is not known,” but the warden on duty at the time, General Avichai Ben-Hamo, was promoted to the rank of major general. The other guards allegedly involved in the incident remain at their jobs.” [10]
STRUCTUREEL
Hoewel dit incident al erg genoeg is, staat het niet opzichzelf, maar is dit Israelische gewelddadige optredenjegens Palestijnse gevangenen structureel.Amnesty International schrijft hierover in haar Jaaroverzicht 2020 onder andere:”The Israeli authorities arbitrarily detained in Israel thousands of Palestinians from the OPT, holding hundreds in administrative detention without charge or trial. Torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, including children, were committed with impunity.” [11]
Dit is zeer ernstigDaar moet tegen worden opgetreden, waarde Tweede Kamerleden,want ik hoef u niet uit te leggen dat het, los van de bestialiteit, ingaattegen alle mogelijke internationale Verdragen! [12]

UW INZET
Van u als Kamerleden verwacht ik, dat u dit structurele Israelische’geweld tegen Palestijnse gevangenen, waarbij ook hoort structurelefoltering bij ondervraging [13], op alle u ten dienste staande middelenaankaart, zoals het stellen van Kamervragen en wat dies meer zij, zoalsijveren voor de opschorting van het Associatie Verdrag met Israel[dat een mensenrechtenclausule heeft] [14], mocht Israel hiermee doorgaan.
Te lang heeft dit onrecht voortgeduurd en u kunt er niet van wegkijken.U hebt een Eed of Belofte afgelegd op de Grondwet, waarin artikel 90:”De Nederlandse regering bevordert de Internationale Rechtsorde” [15]
Ik reken op uw inzet
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 

NOTEN
VOOR UW GEMAK LINKS NAAR NOTEN 1 T/M 15
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-15-bij-brief-aan-tweede-kamerleden-over-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen/

FYSIEKE NOTEN

[1]

ISRAELISCHE BOMBARDEMENTEN OP GAZA IN MEI 2021/TERREUR INOOST-JERUZALEM EN DE WESTBANK/BRIEF AAN TWEEDE KAMERLEDEN/STOP ISRAELISCHE TERREUR!/STOP DE BEZETTING!ASTRID ESSED18 MEI 2021
https://www.astridessed.nl/israelische-bombardementen-op-gaza-in-mei-2021-terreur-in-oost-jeruzalem-en-de-west-bank-brief-aan-tweede-kamerleden-stop-israelische-terreur-stop-de-bezetting/

CORONAVIRUS BEREIKT LESBOS/POLITIEK, EVACUEER OVERVOLVLUCHTELINGENKAMP MORIA OP LESBOS!/BRIEF AAN TWEEDE KAMERLEDENASTRID ESSED22 MAART 2020
https://www.astridessed.nl/coronavirus-bereikt-lesbos-politiek-evacueer-overvol-vluchtelingenkamp-moria-op-lesbos-brief-aan-tweede-kamerleden/

[2]
ZIE NOOT 1

[3]

WIKIPEDIAKETZIOT PRISON
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ktzi%27ot_Prison

[4]

HEBREEUWSE EDITIE VAN DE HAARETZ MET BEELDENVAN ISRAELISCH GEWELD TEGEN PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN
https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-MAGAZINE-1.9890422?utm_source=App_Share&utm_medium=Android_Native&utm_campaign=Share

BRON, ZIE OOK
”De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. ”
THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/

Tientallen gevangenen worden geboeid over de grond gesleurd, op een hoop gegooid en afgeranseld. De zaak verdween in de doofpot, en dat is geen uitzondering.

De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. Ze tonen de mishandeling van een kleine zestig Palestijnse gevangenen door zo’n vijftien gevangenisbewaarders in de C-vleugel van de Ketziot-gevangenis in de Negev/Naqab in Israël. De gevangenen worden geboeid over de betonnen vloer gesleept, boven op elkaar gegooid, geschopt en met wapenstokken geslagen. Vijftien gevangenen raakten zodanig gewond dat ze in het ziekenhuis belandden. De beelden roepen herinneringen op aan de mishandeling van Iraakse gevangenen door Amerikaanse militairen en CIA-medewerkers in de Abu Ghraib-gevangenis bij Bagdad in 2004.

Doofpot

In zijn redactioneel commentaar schrijft Haaretz dat het geweld kennelijk een wraakactie was voor het neersteken van een bewaarder elders in het gevangeniscomplex – volgens Wikipedia het grootste detentiecentrum van Israël en zelfs ter wereld. De Israel Prison Service maakte destijds bekend dat veiligheidstroepen op de bewuste dag ‘een opstand van gevangenen onder controle hadden gebracht’. Op de beelden is van een opstand echter niets te zien.

De zaak is door de autoriteiten in de doofpot gestopt, schrijft Haaretz. De Prison Service ‘keek de andere kant op’ en de onderzoeksafdeling van de Israëlische politie – de National Prison Investigation Unit – volstond met het ondervragen van één gevangenisbewaarder. Hoewel die toegaf zich schuldig te hebben gemaakt aan ‘onnodig geweld’, werd geen vervolging ingesteld. De zaak werd gesloten onder het mom dat ‘de dader onbekend is’.

De politie ‘veegde de zaak onder het tapijt’, concludeert Haaretz, en ook de openbaar aanklager kwam niet in actie. ‘Het is moeilijk voor te stellen dat het zo zou zijn gelopen als de gevangenen Joden waren geweest’, voegt de krant daaraan toe. In dit geval ging het echter om ‘terroristen en veiligheidsgevangenen die lid waren van Hamas’.

Geen uitzondering, maar regel

Overigens betekent dat niet dat de gevangenen daadwerkelijk lid waren van Hamas en een misdaad op hun geweten hebben. Afgelopen jaar besteedden wij in een brede analyse aandacht aan het oppakken van Palestijnen onder het mom van ‘betrokkenheid bij terrorisme’. Onder die noemer verdwijnen aan de lopende band Palestijnen uit de door Israël bezette gebieden in Israëlische gevangenissen. Het is onderdeel van ‘het intimideren en terroriseren van de bevolking door het Israëlische bezettingsregime’, concludeerden wij.

Daarop wijst vandaag ook de vooraanstaande Israëlische mensenrechtenorganisatie B’Tselem. In een persbericht schrijft het dat het ‘witwassen’ van de zaak door de autoriteiten geen uitzondering is, maar regel: de Israëlische overheersing van de Palestijnen is gebaseerd op geweld en het witwassen daarvan. De nu naar buiten gekomen zaak onderstreept volgens B’Tselem het belang van onderzoek en vervolging door internationale gerechtshoven als het Internationaal Gerechtshof en het Internationaal Strafhof in Den Haag:

Het Israëlische apartheidsregime is gebaseerd op constant, georganiseerd geweld tegen Palestijnen. Dat geweld is cruciaal voor zijn voortbestaan. Daarom is het regime noch bereid, noch in staat om degenen die het geweld plannen en uitvoeren te onderzoeken, laat staan te vervolgen. […] De zaak bewijst eens te meer dat Palestijnse slachtoffers van geweld van Israëlische veiligheidstroepen binnen het bestaande Israëlische systeem geen gerechtigheid kunnen krijgen, en alleen kunnen hopen op behandeling van hun zaken door internationale gerechtshoven.

Mishandeling schering en inslag

Het mishandelen en martelen van Palestijnse ‘verdachten’ en ‘veiligheidsgevangenen’ is in Israëlische ondervragings- en detentiecentra schering en inslag. Het Israëlische Hooggerechtshof staat echter ‘speciale ondervragings­methoden’ toe als er sprake is van ‘bijzondere veiligheidsrisico’s’, en die bepaling biedt politiediensten, de Prison Service en de veiligheidsdienst Shin Bet een vrijbrief om verdachten te mishandelen zonder dat er een haan naar kraait. Het Israëlische Comité tegen Marteling (PCATI) diende tussen 2001 en 2020 circa 1300 officiële klachten wegens marteling door de Shin Bet in. Dat leidde in slechts één geval tot strafrechtelijk onderzoek, dat uitliep op seponering.

Het martelen van gevangenen is onder internationaal recht en de Universele Verklaring van de Rechten van de Mens strikt verboden en geldt in het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof – het Statuut van Rome – als een oorlogsmisdaad. Eerder dit jaar maanden zeven mensenrechtenexperts van de VN Israël zich aan het internationaal recht te houden en rigoureus een eind te maken aan de verboden praktijken. De autoriteiten dienen alle wetten, voorschriften, beleidslijnen en praktijken die zulke misdaden mogelijk maken met spoed te herzien. Staten zijn verplicht marteling en mishandeling te voorkomen en, in het geval zulk wangedrag toch plaatsvindt, te bestraffen. Slachtoffers dienen gerehabiliteerd en gecompenseerd te worden.

EINDE BERICHT

[5]

YOUTUBEFROM INSIDE OF AL NAQBA PRISON
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Cq5UjR_NB0

[6]
YOUTUBE BEELDEN IN ARTIKEL THE RIGHTS FORUM
”De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. Ze tonen de mishandeling van een kleine zestig Palestijnse gevangenen door zo’n vijftien gevangenisbewaarders in de C-vleugel van de Ketziot-gevangenis in de Negev/Naqab in Israël. ”[YOUTUBE FILMPJE IN ARTIKEL THE RIGHTS FORUM]

THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/
ZIE VOOR GEHELE TEKST, NOOT 4

[7]
FILMBEELDEN VAN GEWELDDADIG OPTREDEN OP HEBREEUWSE EDITIEVAN DE HAARETZ

HEBREEUWSE EDITIE VAN DE HAARETZ MET BEELDENVAN ISRAELISCH GEWELD TEGEN PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN
https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-MAGAZINE-1.9890422?utm_source=App_Share&utm_medium=Android_Native&utm_campaign=Share

ZIE VOOR VERDERE BRON
‘De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. ”
THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/

[8]

De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie.
THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/

[9]
HAARETZA CHRONICLE OF PRISON BRUTALITY IN ISRAEL
https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/a-chronicle-of-prison-brutality-of-israel-1.9894625

The shocking video from Wing 3 of Ketziot Prison should have set off an earthquake in the Israel Prison Service, police and the State Prosecutor’s Office: Scores of Arab security prisoners were forcibly thrown down onto a concrete floor, sometimes on top of each other, as guards passed between them for long minutes, beating them with batons and kicking them randomly, without any resistance from their victims (as Josh Breiner reported Thursday).

The unrestrained violence is believed to have been carried out in revenge for the stabbing of a guard shortly beforehand near the wing. The guards’ act of revenge, which left 15 prisoners injured, was described by the Prison Service as “gaining control over a riot.” But the evidence clearly shows there was no riot, just the abuse of prisoners. The evidence was an open secret in the Prison Service: Top officials had viewed the video and knew exactly what occurred but acted as if nothing happened. The Prison Service knew that Ketziot’s officers turned a blind eye while at least 10 guards brutally beat the bound prisoners.

It wasn’t only the Prison Service that looked the other way. In the Israel Police, Lahav 433’s National Prison Investigation Unit did as little as possible to probe the affair: Only one guard was questioned and even though he admitted that he had engaged in gratuitous violence, it wasn’t enough for the police or prosecutors to proceed with an indictment. This was a negligent investigation – with no real effort to identify the guards and no police lineup – which proves that even when such an unusual case of abuse has been fully documented, the police still prefer to sweep it under the rug.

It’s hard to believe that the investigation would have ended this way if the prisoners had been Jews. But in this case, the victims were Palestinian terrorists and security prisoners belonging to Hamas. Therefore, not only was the case closed on the grounds that “the offender is not known,” but the warden on duty at the time, General Avichai Ben-Hamo, was promoted to the rank of major general. The other guards allegedly involved in the incident remain at their jobs.

Now, when the evidence has been revealed to the public, the affair can no longer remain behind prison walls. The state prosecutor must immediately order a thorough investigation that includes all the guards alleged to have been involved, and bring indictments. Any other outcome will only prove that from the state’s viewpoint, security prisoners don’t deserve to be treated like human beings.

The above article is Haaretz’s lead editorial, as published in the Hebrew and English newspapers in Israel.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[10]

HAARETZA CHRONICLE OF PRISON BRUTALITY IN ISRAEL
https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/a-chronicle-of-prison-brutality-of-israel-1.9894625
ZIE VOOR TEKST, NOOT 9

[11]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALISRAEL AND THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 2020
https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/israel-and-occupied-palestinian-territories/report-israel-and-occupied-palestinian-territories/

ISRAEL AND OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES 2020

Israel continued to impose institutionalized discrimination against Palestinians living under its rule in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). It displaced hundreds of Palestinians in Israel and the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, as a result of home demolitions and imposition of other coercive measures. Israeli forces continued to use excessive force during law enforcement activities in Israel and the OPT. Israeli forces killed 31 Palestinians, including nine children, in the OPT; many were unlawfully killed while posing no imminent threat to life. Israel maintained its illegal blockade on the Gaza Strip, subjecting its residents to collective punishment and deepening the humanitarian crisis there. It also continued to restrict freedom of movement of Palestinians in the OPT through checkpoints and roadblocks. The Israeli authorities arbitrarily detained in Israel thousands of Palestinians from the OPT, holding hundreds in administrative detention without charge or trial. Torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, including children, were committed with impunity. The authorities used a range of measures to target human rights defenders, journalists and others who criticized Israel’s continuing occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Syrian Golan Heights. Violence against women persisted, especially against Palestinian citizens of Israel. The authorities denied asylum-seekers access to a fair or prompt refugee status determination process. Conscientious objectors to military service were imprisoned.

Background

Israel held parliamentary elections in March, the third in just over a year. In May, the two largest parties in the Knesset, Likud and the Blue and White alliance, reached a power-sharing agreement that included an announcement that Israel would further annex territories in the occupied West Bank starting in July 2020. This followed US President Donald Trump’s announcement of his “deal of the century”, which included a formal extension of Israel’s sovereignty over the Jordan Valley and the vast majority of the illegal settlements in the rest of the occupied West Bank in exchange for land currently inside Israel. Israel postponed the annexation plans following diplomatic deals with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain in September. The parliament was again dissolved in December, triggering another round of elections in three months’ time.

Israel imposed lockdown measures in March and in September to contain the spread of COVID-19, triggering waves of protests calling on the Prime Minister to step down. The measures allowed the Israel Security Agency (ISA) to use surveillance capabilities usually reserved for Palestinians to trace COVID-19 infections. The Prime Minister’s trial on corruption charges began in May.

In February, the Palestinian armed group Islamic Jihad fired around 80 rockets and mortar shells from the Gaza Strip towards Israel, causing minor injuries to over 20 people, after Israeli forces killed an Islamic Jihad operative. The Israeli army carried out multiple airstrikes in Gaza, injuring 12 Palestinians, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza.

In August and September, Israel launched artillery and airstrikes against Gaza in retaliation for incendiary balloons and kites launched from Gaza into Israel. Palestinian armed groups launched indiscriminate rockets into Israel in response.

In August, Israel launched airstrikes against Hizbullah targets in Lebanon after it said that shots were fired from Lebanon into Israel. Israel also launched airstrikes against Iranian and Hizbullah targets in Syria.

In July, a district court rejected a case to force the Ministry of Defense to revoke the export licence of spyware company NSO Group, dealing a blow to victims of unlawful and targeted international surveillance.

Forcible transfers, forced evictions and demolitions

Israel demolished 848 Palestinian residential and livelihood structures in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, displacing 996 people, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Israeli authorities said many of the demolished buildings lacked Israeli-issued permits, which are virtually impossible for Palestinians to obtain, or were in closed military zones. The law of occupation prohibits such destruction unless necessary for military operations.

In other cases, Israel confiscated residential and livelihood structures, including some that were donated for humanitarian purposes. Israeli forces also punitively demolished at least six Palestinian homes, leaving 22 people, including seven children, homeless, according to B’Tselem. Punitive demolitions constitute collective punishment and are prohibited under international law.

On 5 March, Israeli forces demolished the homes of Walid Hanatsheh, in Ramallah, and Yazan Mughamis, in Birzeit, displacing six Palestinians, after an Israeli court rejected a petition by the families against the punitive demolition. On 11 March, Israeli forces punitively demolished the home of Qassam Barghouti in Kobar village near Ramallah. The three men are in prison in Israel for alleged involvement in an attack in August 2019 that killed an Israeli civilian and injured two others outside Ramallah city in the occupied West Bank.

Israeli settler organizations initiated, with the support of the Israeli authorities, forcible evictions of Palestinians from their homes in East Jerusalem.

OCHA estimated in December that around 200 Palestinian households in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, had eviction cases pending against them, placing 800 adults and children at risk of displacement.

Israeli authorities demolished at least 29 residential and livelihood structures that belonged to Bedouin citizens living in “unrecognized” villages in the Negev/Naqab, according to the Negev Coexistence Forum, an Israeli NGO.

Discrimination

Israel continued to discriminate against Palestinian citizens of Israel in areas of planning, budget allocation, policing and political participation. According to the Adalah-The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Israel maintains over 65 laws that discriminate against Palestinians.

Local Palestinian councils in Israel went on strike to protest against discrimination in the distribution of the state budget for local councils. The vast majority of Palestinians in Israel, comprising over 20% of the total population, live in around 139 towns and villages. They received only 1.7% of the state budget for local councils.

In August, Adalah and the Arab Center for Alternative Planning filed a petition to the Israeli Supreme Court on behalf of 10 local Palestinian councils and dozens of Palestinian citizens of Israel against government policy discriminating against these communities in the distribution of housing, construction and land development benefits compared to neighbouring Jewish communities that enjoy higher socio-economic status and have access to such benefits.

Israel continued to deny Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza married to Palestinian citizens of Israel the right to nationality by enforcing the discriminatory Entry to Israel Law.

In December, the magistrate court in Krayot, near Haifa, rejected a petition for access to education by Palestinian citizens of Israel living in Karmiel, citing the discriminatory Nation State Law. The decision said that establishing an Arabic school in the town or funding transport for its Palestinian residents to study in Arabic schools in nearby communities would undermine the town’s “Jewish character”.

In December, the Israeli Health Ministry began the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines that excluded the nearly 5 million Palestinians who live under Israeli military occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Unlawful killings and excessive use of force

Israeli military and police used unnecessary and excessive force during law enforcement activities, including search and arrest operations, and when policing demonstrations.

Military and security forces killed at least 31 Palestinians, including nine children, in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, according to OCHA. Many were unlawfully killed by live ammunition or other excessive force when posing no imminent threat to life. Some of the unlawful killings appeared to be wilful, which would constitute war crimes.

Israeli forces frequently used excessive force against protesters in Kufr Qadum who continued weekly protests against settlements and settlement expansion. According to OCHA, 214 protesters and bystanders were injured during the year.

On 15 February, Israeli forces shot and injured in the eye nine-year-old Malek Issa while he was returning home from school in the East Jerusalem neighbourhood of Issawiya. No clashes were recorded at the time, according to OCHA. Israeli forces were maintaining a violent and intense police operation in Issawiya as a form of collective punishment.

Israeli forces frequently opened fire on fishermen and farmers in Gaza. According to Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, 12 fishermen and five farmers were injured.

Freedom of movement

For the 13th consecutive year, Israel continued its illegal air, land and sea blockade of the Gaza Strip, restricting the movement of people and goods in and out of the area, which continued to have a devastating impact on the human rights of Gaza’s 2 million inhabitants. Israel stopped the entry of construction materials and fuel into Gaza repeatedly. This shut down the only power plant in Gaza, leading to a further reduction in the supply of electricity, which had already been available for only about four hours a day. Israel also imposed a full maritime closure and repeatedly limited entry of goods to food and medicine only. The measures amounted to collective punishment at a time of increasing COVID-19 infections in Gaza.

On 2 February, following an exchange of attacks between Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups, Israel cancelled the permits of 500 traders from Gaza that enable their holders to travel to Israel and the West Bank for business. The permits were reactivated on 18 February.

On 18 June, Omar Yaghi, a baby with a cardiac condition, died in Gaza after Israel denied the family a permit to enter Israel for a scheduled operation on 24 May at the Sheba Medical Center in Ramat Gan city.

In the West Bank, at least 593 Israeli checkpoints and roadblocks continued to heavily restrict the movement of Palestinians and access to rights, including health, education and work. Holders of Palestinian identification cards faced an ongoing bar on using roads built for Israeli settlers.

Israeli restrictions on freedom of movement continued to impede Palestinians’ access to health care, posing further threats to vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lack of access to hospitals and specialized clinics during the pandemic particularly affected Palestinian residents of the East Jerusalem neighbourhoods of Kufr Aqab and Shu’fat Refugee Camp, which are segregated from the rest of the city by military structures, including checkpoints, and the fence/wall.

Arbitrary detention

Israeli authorities conducted hundreds of raids throughout the West Bank to arrest Palestinians, usually at their homes at night. Those arrested were detained in prisons in Israel, along with thousands of other Palestinians from the OPT arrested in previous years. This violated international humanitarian law, which prohibits the transfer of detainees into the territory of the occupying power.

Israeli authorities used renewable administrative detention orders to hold Palestinians without charge or trial. Some 4,300 Palestinians from the OPT, including 397 administrative detainees, were held in Israeli prisons as of December, according to the Israel Prison Service. Many families of Palestinian detainees in Israel, particularly those living in Gaza, were not permitted entry to Israel to visit their relatives.

On 16 July, Israeli forces arrested Iyad Barghouti, an astrophysicist and professor at Jerusalem’s Al-Quds University, at a checkpoint near Jerusalem and placed him in administrative detention. He had previously been administratively detained in 2014 and 2016.

Israel held 157 Palestinian children in prison, including two in administrative detention, as of October. Defense for Children International Palestine said that children were interrogated without their parents present and placed with adults in prison. Under international law, detention of children should be a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate time.

Unfair trials

Palestinian civilians, including children, from the OPT were prosecuted in military courts that did not meet international fair trial standards.

Torture and other ill-treatment

Israeli soldiers, police and ISA officers continued to torture and otherwise ill-treat Palestinian detainees, including children, with impunity. Reported methods included beating, slapping, painful shackling, sleep deprivation, use of stress positions and threats of violence against family members. Prolonged solitary confinement, sometimes lasting months, was commonly used as a punishment.

Israeli forces occasionally denied medical help for Palestinians injured during law enforcement activities.

Freedoms of expression and association

The authorities used a range of measures, including raids, incitement campaigns, movement restrictions and judicial harassment, to target human rights defenders who criticized Israel’s continuing military occupation of Palestinian and Syrian territories.

Israel continued to deny human rights bodies entry to the OPT, including the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the OPT.

On 30 July, Israeli forces arrested Mahmoud Nawajaa, a human rights defender and co-ordinator of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement in the occupied West Bank, from his home in Ramallah. A prisoner of conscience, he was released without charge on 17 August.

On 13 November, the Jerusalem District Court rejected a petition by Amnesty International against the arbitrary and punitive travel ban imposed on its employee, human rights defender Laith Abu Zeyad. For undisclosed reasons, Israeli security forces continued to bar him from entering occupied East Jerusalem and from travelling abroad through Jordan.

Rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants

Israel continued to deny asylum-seekers access to a fair and prompt refugee status determination process, leaving many without access to basic services. About 31,000 asylum-seekers were living in Israel.

Gender-based violence

Violence against women persisted in Israel, especially against Palestinian citizens.

At least 21 women were killed as a result of gender-based violence.

Conscientious objectors

At least four Israeli conscientious objectors to military service were imprisoned. Hillel Rabin spent 56 days in military prison for refusing to serve in the Israeli army citing oppressive policies against Palestinians.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[12]

Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/instree/g3bpppdi.htm

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/instree/h2catoc.htm

[13]

BTSELEM

TORTURE AND ABUSE IN INTERROGATION

https://www.btselem.org/topic/torture

In interrogating Palestinian residents of the Occupied Territories, the Israel Security Agency (ISA, also known by the Hebrew acronyms Shin Bet or Shabak) routinely used methods that constituted ill-treatment and even torture until the late 1990s. In doing so, the ISA relied on the 1987 recommendations of a state commission headed by retired Supreme Court Justice Moshe Landau. The commission had held that, in order to “prevent terrorism”, ISA interrogators were permitted to use “psychological pressure” and a “moderate degree of physical pressure”. This permission was grounded, in the commission’s opinion, in the “necessity defense” laid out in Israeli Penal Law. In practice, the interrogation methods used by the ISA during that time went far beyond a reasonable interpretation of the term “moderate physical pressure”.

This state of affairs persisted for years, despite the right not to be subjected to ill-treatment or torture – whether physical or psychological – being one of the few human rights that are considered absolute. As an absolute right, it may never be balanced against other rights and values and cannot be suspended or limited, even in difficult circumstances.

In September 1999, following a series of petitions filed by human rights organizations and by Palestinians interrogated by the ISA, Israel’s High Court of Justice (HCJ) ruled that Israeli law does not empower ISA interrogators to use physical means in interrogation. The justices ruled that the specific methods discussed in the petitions – including painful binding, shaking, placing a sack on a person’s head for prolonged periods of time and sleep deprivation – were unlawful. However, they also held that ISA agents who exceed their authority and use “physical pressure” may not necessarily bear criminal responsibility for their actions, if they are later found to have used these methods in a “ticking bomb” case, based on the “necessity defense”. Following this ruling, reports of torture and ill-treatment in ISA interrogations did drop. However, ISA agents continued to use interrogation methods that constitute abuse and even torture, relying on the court’s recognition of the “ticking bomb” exception. These methods were not limited to exceptional cases and quickly became standard interrogation policy.

Several joint research reports published by B’Tselem and HaMoked: Center for the Defence of the Individual, based on hundreds of affidavits and testimonials given by Palestinians who underwent ISA interrogations after the HCJ ruling, indicate that the ISA still routinely employs psychological and physical abuse in interrogations. While interrogators steer clear of the specific methods that the court disqualified, the rationale is the same: using isolation from the outside world and harsh incarceration conditions, in addition to the interrogation itself, to psychologically pressure and physically weaken the individual. This combined use of holding conditions and interrogation methods constitutes abuse and inhuman, degrading treatment, at times even amounting to torture. It is regularly employed against Palestinians in ISA interrogations, in blatant violation of international law and basic moral standards.

According to the accounts of Palestinians who have undergone ISA interrogation, they are held in inhuman conditions, including narrow, windowless cells that are sometimes moldy and foul-smelling and are constantly lit with artificial lighting that is painful to the eyes. Some detainees reported being held in solitary confinement, completely cut off from their surroundings. Some reported exposure to extremes of heat and cold, as well as sleep deprivation. Many described abominable hygienic conditions; among other things, they stated that the prison authorities do not allow them to shower, change clothes, brush their teeth or even use toilet paper. The food is intentionally poor in quality and quantity, and detainees lose weight while in custody. In the interrogation room, they are forced to sit bound to a chair, without moving, for hours and even days on end. Interrogators threaten the detainees, including threats to harm their relatives, as well as shouting and employing violence against them.

Most Palestinians who are physically or mental abused in interrogation have no way to complain until the interrogation is over. This is because Palestinian detainees are regularly denied the right to meet with counsel, and HCJ petitions against the denial of this right have been repeatedly dismissed. Also, they usually cannot use the opportunity of coming before a judge in a remand hearing to air their grievances: Most hearings are extremely cursory and, in some of them, detainees are not represented or are denied the opportunity to confer with the lawyer representing them. Most detainees are not aware of the fact that they may approach the judge on their own initiative. In any case, they shy away from sharing what they are undergoing with the judge for fear of reprisal back in the interrogation room. Even when detainees do come forward, the authorities take no action, as years of monitoring by human rights organizations reveal. Since 2001, not a single criminal investigation has been launched into a complaint against an ISA interrogator, despite hundreds of complaints being lodged with the relevant authorities. Although formal changes have been made to the apparatus charged with looking into these complaints – including the appointment of an Inspector of Complaints by ISA Interrogees inside the ISA, and the subsequent transfer of the position to the Ministry of Justice – they have done nothing to alter the situation: Hundreds of complaints, zero criminal investigations.

This system of interrogation, which relies on a combination of holding conditions and interrogator conduct, was shaped by state authorities. It is not the personal initiative of any particular interrogator or prison guard, and the actions described here are not anomalies to be weeded out by the justice system. The cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of Palestinian detainees is inherent to the ISA’s violent interrogation policy. This policy is dictated from above, and not set by interrogators in the field.

While the ISA runs the system, a broad network of partners collaborates to facilitate it. The Israel Prison Service (IPS) adapts prison conditions to match the interrogation plan designed to break the detainee’s spirit. Medical and mental health personnel greenlight the interrogation of Palestinians who arrive at the facility – including in cases of poor health – and even hand detainees back to the interrogators after caring for physical and mental injuries they sustained in interrogation, knowing full well that they would be subjected to measures of abuse and torture; soldiers and police officers abuse detainees while transporting them to the ISA, with their commanders turning a blind eye and the MAG Corps and State Attorney’s Office not bringing them to justice or holding them fully accountable. Military judges almost automatically sign off on motions for remand in custody and effectively sanction the continued abuse and inhuman conditions. The State Attorney’s Office and the Attorney General have thus far provided ISA interrogators with full immunity. Finally, HCJ judges regularly reject petitions seeking to overturn the denial of detainee’s rights to meet with legal counsel, clearing the way for continued abuse.

All these are party, in one form or another, to the cruel, inhuman, degrading and abusive treatment to which Palestinians are subjected in ISA interrogations. By enabling the existence of this abusive interrogation regime, they all bear responsibility for the severe violations of interrogatees’ human rights and for the mental and physical harm inflicted on these individuals.

[14]

Article 2 

Relations between the Parties, as well as all the provisions of the Agreement itself, shall be based on respect for human rights and democratic principles, which guides their internal and international policy and constitutes an essential element of this Agreement.

EURO MEDITERRANEAN AGREEMENT

 establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part 

https://eeas.europa.eu/archives/delegations/israel/documents/eu_israel/asso_agree_en.pdf

[15]

ARTIKEL 90, NEDERLANDSE GRONDWET

De regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.

Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsorde

Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsordeDe regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.
Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsordeDe regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Treedt op tegen mishandeling Palestijnse gevangenen!/Brief aan leden Commissie Buitenlandse Zaken van de Tweede Kamer

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Treedt op tegen mishandeling Palestijnse gevangenen!/Brief aan Tweede Kamerleden

TREEDT OP TEGEN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN!/BRIEF AAN TWEEDE KAMERLEDEN

Screenshot uit de door Haaretz naar buiten gebrachte video.  

HEBREEUWSE EDITIE THE HAARETZ MET FILMBEELDEN

VAN MISHANDELING

https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-MAGAZINE-1.9890422?utm_source=App_Share&utm_medium=Android_Native&utm_campaign=Share

YOUTUBE FILMPJE VAN MISHANDELING

AAN DE LEDEN VAN DE TWEEDE KAMER

Onderwerp: Israelisch gewelddadig optreden tegen Palestijnse gevangenen
[Deze mail is tevens gestuurd aan uw andere Tweede Kamer collegae,met uitzondering van de partijen de PVV, Forum voor Democratie, JA21 en de Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij, gezien hun standpunten in dergelijke zaken]

Geachte dames en heren,
Zoals u wellicht nog weet, wend ik mij wel vaker tot uw Tweede Kamer inverband met het onrecht in verband met het Midden-Oostenconflict, maar ookbetreffende andere onderwerpen, de mensenrechten betreffende [1]Meestal geef ik u dan een uitgebreide toelichting, waarin ik dieper inga opallerlei internatiionaalrechtelijke aspecten [2]
In dit geval echter ga ik het kort[er] houden, omdat de zaak vrij simpel is:Het betreft hier een schokkend geval van mishandeling van Palestijnsegevangenen, waartegen u, binnen uw mogelijkheden uiteraard, moet optreden en wel nu!
SCHOKKENDE BEELDEN/MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN
Mij bereikte het bericht over de schokkende mishandeling van Palestijnsegevangenen in de Israelische gevangenis Ketziot [3] en de beelden daarvan werden gepubliceerd door de Israelische krant de Haaretz in zijnHebreeuwse editie [4]
Zie onder noot 5 de Beelden, die ook te zien zijn onder noot 6, op de sitevan The Rights Forum en waarvan afbeeldingen op de Hebreeuwse editievan de Haaretz, noot 7
Wat u ziet is overduidelijk:Gevangenen worden over de grond gesleept, op een hoop gegooid enmishandeld.Wat u ziet is onacceptabel!
De zaak, die dateert uit 2019 [8] naar buiten is gebracht door de Haaretz [waarvoor van mijnkant waardering], werd ”onderzocht” ”Onderzocht”, schrijf ik tussen aanhalingstekens, omdat dat ”onderzoek”geen naam mocht hebben, waardoor de term ”in de doofpot stoppen”,beter gekozen is.
In een redactioneel artikel schrijft de Haaretz daarover:
”It wasn’t only the Prison Service that looked the other way. In the Israel Police, Lahav 433’s National Prison Investigation Unit did as little as possible to probe the affair: Only one guard was questioned and even though he admitted that he had engaged in gratuitous violence, it wasn’t enough for the police or prosecutors to proceed with an indictment. This was a negligent investigation – with no real effort to identify the guards and no police lineup – which proves that even when such an unusual case of abuse has been fully documented, the police still prefer to sweep it under the rug. [9]
EN
”It’s hard to believe that the investigation would have ended this way if the prisoners had been Jews. But in this case, the victims were Palestinian terrorists and security prisoners belonging to Hamas. Therefore, not only was the case closed on the grounds that “the offender is not known,” but the warden on duty at the time, General Avichai Ben-Hamo, was promoted to the rank of major general. The other guards allegedly involved in the incident remain at their jobs.” [10]
STRUCTUREEL
Hoewel dit incident al erg genoeg is, staat het niet opzichzelf, maar is dit Israelische gewelddadige optredenjegens Palestijnse gevangenen structureel.Amnesty International schrijft hierover in haar Jaaroverzicht 2020 onder andere:”The Israeli authorities arbitrarily detained in Israel thousands of Palestinians from the OPT, holding hundreds in administrative detention without charge or trial. Torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, including children, were committed with impunity.” [11]
Dit is zeer ernstigDaar moet tegen worden opgetreden, waarde Tweede Kamerleden,want ik hoef u niet uit te leggen dat het, los van de bestialiteit, ingaattegen alle mogelijke internationale Verdragen! [12]

UW INZET
Van u als Kamerleden verwacht ik, dat u dit structurele Israelische’geweld tegen Palestijnse gevangenen, waarbij ook hoort structurelefoltering bij ondervraging [13], op alle u ten dienste staande middelenaankaart, zoals het stellen van Kamervragen en wat dies meer zij, zoalsijveren voor de opschorting van het Associatie Verdrag met Israel[dat een mensenrechtenclausule heeft] [14], mocht Israel hiermee doorgaan.
Te lang heeft dit onrecht voortgeduurd en u kunt er niet van wegkijken.U hebt een Eed of Belofte afgelegd op de Grondwet, waarin artikel 90:”De Nederlandse regering bevordert de Internationale Rechtsorde” [15]
Ik reken op uw inzet
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid Essed Amsterdam 

NOTEN
VOOR UW GEMAK LINKS NAAR NOTEN 1 T/M 15
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-15-bij-brief-aan-tweede-kamerleden-over-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen/

FYSIEKE NOTEN

[1]

ISRAELISCHE BOMBARDEMENTEN OP GAZA IN MEI 2021/TERREUR INOOST-JERUZALEM EN DE WESTBANK/BRIEF AAN TWEEDE KAMERLEDEN/STOP ISRAELISCHE TERREUR!/STOP DE BEZETTING!ASTRID ESSED18 MEI 2021
https://www.astridessed.nl/israelische-bombardementen-op-gaza-in-mei-2021-terreur-in-oost-jeruzalem-en-de-west-bank-brief-aan-tweede-kamerleden-stop-israelische-terreur-stop-de-bezetting/

CORONAVIRUS BEREIKT LESBOS/POLITIEK, EVACUEER OVERVOLVLUCHTELINGENKAMP MORIA OP LESBOS!/BRIEF AAN TWEEDE KAMERLEDENASTRID ESSED22 MAART 2020
https://www.astridessed.nl/coronavirus-bereikt-lesbos-politiek-evacueer-overvol-vluchtelingenkamp-moria-op-lesbos-brief-aan-tweede-kamerleden/

[2]
ZIE NOOT 1

[3]

WIKIPEDIAKETZIOT PRISON
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ktzi%27ot_Prison

[4]

HEBREEUWSE EDITIE VAN DE HAARETZ MET BEELDENVAN ISRAELISCH GEWELD TEGEN PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN
https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-MAGAZINE-1.9890422?utm_source=App_Share&utm_medium=Android_Native&utm_campaign=Share

BRON, ZIE OOK
”De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. ”
THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/

Tientallen gevangenen worden geboeid over de grond gesleurd, op een hoop gegooid en afgeranseld. De zaak verdween in de doofpot, en dat is geen uitzondering.

De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. Ze tonen de mishandeling van een kleine zestig Palestijnse gevangenen door zo’n vijftien gevangenisbewaarders in de C-vleugel van de Ketziot-gevangenis in de Negev/Naqab in Israël. De gevangenen worden geboeid over de betonnen vloer gesleept, boven op elkaar gegooid, geschopt en met wapenstokken geslagen. Vijftien gevangenen raakten zodanig gewond dat ze in het ziekenhuis belandden. De beelden roepen herinneringen op aan de mishandeling van Iraakse gevangenen door Amerikaanse militairen en CIA-medewerkers in de Abu Ghraib-gevangenis bij Bagdad in 2004.

Doofpot

In zijn redactioneel commentaar schrijft Haaretz dat het geweld kennelijk een wraakactie was voor het neersteken van een bewaarder elders in het gevangeniscomplex – volgens Wikipedia het grootste detentiecentrum van Israël en zelfs ter wereld. De Israel Prison Service maakte destijds bekend dat veiligheidstroepen op de bewuste dag ‘een opstand van gevangenen onder controle hadden gebracht’. Op de beelden is van een opstand echter niets te zien.

De zaak is door de autoriteiten in de doofpot gestopt, schrijft Haaretz. De Prison Service ‘keek de andere kant op’ en de onderzoeksafdeling van de Israëlische politie – de National Prison Investigation Unit – volstond met het ondervragen van één gevangenisbewaarder. Hoewel die toegaf zich schuldig te hebben gemaakt aan ‘onnodig geweld’, werd geen vervolging ingesteld. De zaak werd gesloten onder het mom dat ‘de dader onbekend is’.

De politie ‘veegde de zaak onder het tapijt’, concludeert Haaretz, en ook de openbaar aanklager kwam niet in actie. ‘Het is moeilijk voor te stellen dat het zo zou zijn gelopen als de gevangenen Joden waren geweest’, voegt de krant daaraan toe. In dit geval ging het echter om ‘terroristen en veiligheidsgevangenen die lid waren van Hamas’.

Geen uitzondering, maar regel

Overigens betekent dat niet dat de gevangenen daadwerkelijk lid waren van Hamas en een misdaad op hun geweten hebben. Afgelopen jaar besteedden wij in een brede analyse aandacht aan het oppakken van Palestijnen onder het mom van ‘betrokkenheid bij terrorisme’. Onder die noemer verdwijnen aan de lopende band Palestijnen uit de door Israël bezette gebieden in Israëlische gevangenissen. Het is onderdeel van ‘het intimideren en terroriseren van de bevolking door het Israëlische bezettingsregime’, concludeerden wij.

Daarop wijst vandaag ook de vooraanstaande Israëlische mensenrechtenorganisatie B’Tselem. In een persbericht schrijft het dat het ‘witwassen’ van de zaak door de autoriteiten geen uitzondering is, maar regel: de Israëlische overheersing van de Palestijnen is gebaseerd op geweld en het witwassen daarvan. De nu naar buiten gekomen zaak onderstreept volgens B’Tselem het belang van onderzoek en vervolging door internationale gerechtshoven als het Internationaal Gerechtshof en het Internationaal Strafhof in Den Haag:

Het Israëlische apartheidsregime is gebaseerd op constant, georganiseerd geweld tegen Palestijnen. Dat geweld is cruciaal voor zijn voortbestaan. Daarom is het regime noch bereid, noch in staat om degenen die het geweld plannen en uitvoeren te onderzoeken, laat staan te vervolgen. […] De zaak bewijst eens te meer dat Palestijnse slachtoffers van geweld van Israëlische veiligheidstroepen binnen het bestaande Israëlische systeem geen gerechtigheid kunnen krijgen, en alleen kunnen hopen op behandeling van hun zaken door internationale gerechtshoven.

Mishandeling schering en inslag

Het mishandelen en martelen van Palestijnse ‘verdachten’ en ‘veiligheidsgevangenen’ is in Israëlische ondervragings- en detentiecentra schering en inslag. Het Israëlische Hooggerechtshof staat echter ‘speciale ondervragings­methoden’ toe als er sprake is van ‘bijzondere veiligheidsrisico’s’, en die bepaling biedt politiediensten, de Prison Service en de veiligheidsdienst Shin Bet een vrijbrief om verdachten te mishandelen zonder dat er een haan naar kraait. Het Israëlische Comité tegen Marteling (PCATI) diende tussen 2001 en 2020 circa 1300 officiële klachten wegens marteling door de Shin Bet in. Dat leidde in slechts één geval tot strafrechtelijk onderzoek, dat uitliep op seponering.

Het martelen van gevangenen is onder internationaal recht en de Universele Verklaring van de Rechten van de Mens strikt verboden en geldt in het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof – het Statuut van Rome – als een oorlogsmisdaad. Eerder dit jaar maanden zeven mensenrechtenexperts van de VN Israël zich aan het internationaal recht te houden en rigoureus een eind te maken aan de verboden praktijken. De autoriteiten dienen alle wetten, voorschriften, beleidslijnen en praktijken die zulke misdaden mogelijk maken met spoed te herzien. Staten zijn verplicht marteling en mishandeling te voorkomen en, in het geval zulk wangedrag toch plaatsvindt, te bestraffen. Slachtoffers dienen gerehabiliteerd en gecompenseerd te worden.

EINDE BERICHT

[5]

YOUTUBEFROM INSIDE OF AL NAQBA PRISON
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Cq5UjR_NB0

[6]
YOUTUBE BEELDEN IN ARTIKEL THE RIGHTS FORUM
”De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. Ze tonen de mishandeling van een kleine zestig Palestijnse gevangenen door zo’n vijftien gevangenisbewaarders in de C-vleugel van de Ketziot-gevangenis in de Negev/Naqab in Israël. ”[YOUTUBE FILMPJE IN ARTIKEL THE RIGHTS FORUM]

THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/
ZIE VOOR GEHELE TEKST, NOOT 4

[7]
FILMBEELDEN VAN GEWELDDADIG OPTREDEN OP HEBREEUWSE EDITIEVAN DE HAARETZ

HEBREEUWSE EDITIE VAN DE HAARETZ MET BEELDENVAN ISRAELISCH GEWELD TEGEN PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN
https://www.haaretz.co.il/news/politics/.premium-MAGAZINE-1.9890422?utm_source=App_Share&utm_medium=Android_Native&utm_campaign=Share

ZIE VOOR VERDERE BRON
‘De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie. ”
THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/

[8]

De beelden dateren uit 2019 en zijn naar buiten gebracht door de Israëlische krant Haaretz in zijn Hebreeuwse editie.
THE RIGHTS FORUMSCHOKKENDE BEELDEN VAN MISHANDELING PALESTIJNSE GEVANGENEN IN ISRAELISCHE GEVANGENIS
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/schokkende-beelden-van-mishandeling-palestijnse-gevangenen-in-israelische-gevangenis/

[9]
HAARETZA CHRONICLE OF PRISON BRUTALITY IN ISRAEL
https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/a-chronicle-of-prison-brutality-of-israel-1.9894625

The shocking video from Wing 3 of Ketziot Prison should have set off an earthquake in the Israel Prison Service, police and the State Prosecutor’s Office: Scores of Arab security prisoners were forcibly thrown down onto a concrete floor, sometimes on top of each other, as guards passed between them for long minutes, beating them with batons and kicking them randomly, without any resistance from their victims (as Josh Breiner reported Thursday).

The unrestrained violence is believed to have been carried out in revenge for the stabbing of a guard shortly beforehand near the wing. The guards’ act of revenge, which left 15 prisoners injured, was described by the Prison Service as “gaining control over a riot.” But the evidence clearly shows there was no riot, just the abuse of prisoners. The evidence was an open secret in the Prison Service: Top officials had viewed the video and knew exactly what occurred but acted as if nothing happened. The Prison Service knew that Ketziot’s officers turned a blind eye while at least 10 guards brutally beat the bound prisoners.

It wasn’t only the Prison Service that looked the other way. In the Israel Police, Lahav 433’s National Prison Investigation Unit did as little as possible to probe the affair: Only one guard was questioned and even though he admitted that he had engaged in gratuitous violence, it wasn’t enough for the police or prosecutors to proceed with an indictment. This was a negligent investigation – with no real effort to identify the guards and no police lineup – which proves that even when such an unusual case of abuse has been fully documented, the police still prefer to sweep it under the rug.

It’s hard to believe that the investigation would have ended this way if the prisoners had been Jews. But in this case, the victims were Palestinian terrorists and security prisoners belonging to Hamas. Therefore, not only was the case closed on the grounds that “the offender is not known,” but the warden on duty at the time, General Avichai Ben-Hamo, was promoted to the rank of major general. The other guards allegedly involved in the incident remain at their jobs.

Now, when the evidence has been revealed to the public, the affair can no longer remain behind prison walls. The state prosecutor must immediately order a thorough investigation that includes all the guards alleged to have been involved, and bring indictments. Any other outcome will only prove that from the state’s viewpoint, security prisoners don’t deserve to be treated like human beings.

The above article is Haaretz’s lead editorial, as published in the Hebrew and English newspapers in Israel.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[10]

HAARETZA CHRONICLE OF PRISON BRUTALITY IN ISRAEL
https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/a-chronicle-of-prison-brutality-of-israel-1.9894625
ZIE VOOR TEKST, NOOT 9

[11]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALISRAEL AND THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 2020
https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/middle-east-and-north-africa/israel-and-occupied-palestinian-territories/report-israel-and-occupied-palestinian-territories/

ISRAEL AND OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES 2020

Israel continued to impose institutionalized discrimination against Palestinians living under its rule in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). It displaced hundreds of Palestinians in Israel and the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, as a result of home demolitions and imposition of other coercive measures. Israeli forces continued to use excessive force during law enforcement activities in Israel and the OPT. Israeli forces killed 31 Palestinians, including nine children, in the OPT; many were unlawfully killed while posing no imminent threat to life. Israel maintained its illegal blockade on the Gaza Strip, subjecting its residents to collective punishment and deepening the humanitarian crisis there. It also continued to restrict freedom of movement of Palestinians in the OPT through checkpoints and roadblocks. The Israeli authorities arbitrarily detained in Israel thousands of Palestinians from the OPT, holding hundreds in administrative detention without charge or trial. Torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, including children, were committed with impunity. The authorities used a range of measures to target human rights defenders, journalists and others who criticized Israel’s continuing occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Syrian Golan Heights. Violence against women persisted, especially against Palestinian citizens of Israel. The authorities denied asylum-seekers access to a fair or prompt refugee status determination process. Conscientious objectors to military service were imprisoned.

Background

Israel held parliamentary elections in March, the third in just over a year. In May, the two largest parties in the Knesset, Likud and the Blue and White alliance, reached a power-sharing agreement that included an announcement that Israel would further annex territories in the occupied West Bank starting in July 2020. This followed US President Donald Trump’s announcement of his “deal of the century”, which included a formal extension of Israel’s sovereignty over the Jordan Valley and the vast majority of the illegal settlements in the rest of the occupied West Bank in exchange for land currently inside Israel. Israel postponed the annexation plans following diplomatic deals with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain in September. The parliament was again dissolved in December, triggering another round of elections in three months’ time.

Israel imposed lockdown measures in March and in September to contain the spread of COVID-19, triggering waves of protests calling on the Prime Minister to step down. The measures allowed the Israel Security Agency (ISA) to use surveillance capabilities usually reserved for Palestinians to trace COVID-19 infections. The Prime Minister’s trial on corruption charges began in May.

In February, the Palestinian armed group Islamic Jihad fired around 80 rockets and mortar shells from the Gaza Strip towards Israel, causing minor injuries to over 20 people, after Israeli forces killed an Islamic Jihad operative. The Israeli army carried out multiple airstrikes in Gaza, injuring 12 Palestinians, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza.

In August and September, Israel launched artillery and airstrikes against Gaza in retaliation for incendiary balloons and kites launched from Gaza into Israel. Palestinian armed groups launched indiscriminate rockets into Israel in response.

In August, Israel launched airstrikes against Hizbullah targets in Lebanon after it said that shots were fired from Lebanon into Israel. Israel also launched airstrikes against Iranian and Hizbullah targets in Syria.

In July, a district court rejected a case to force the Ministry of Defense to revoke the export licence of spyware company NSO Group, dealing a blow to victims of unlawful and targeted international surveillance.

Forcible transfers, forced evictions and demolitions

Israel demolished 848 Palestinian residential and livelihood structures in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, displacing 996 people, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Israeli authorities said many of the demolished buildings lacked Israeli-issued permits, which are virtually impossible for Palestinians to obtain, or were in closed military zones. The law of occupation prohibits such destruction unless necessary for military operations.

In other cases, Israel confiscated residential and livelihood structures, including some that were donated for humanitarian purposes. Israeli forces also punitively demolished at least six Palestinian homes, leaving 22 people, including seven children, homeless, according to B’Tselem. Punitive demolitions constitute collective punishment and are prohibited under international law.

On 5 March, Israeli forces demolished the homes of Walid Hanatsheh, in Ramallah, and Yazan Mughamis, in Birzeit, displacing six Palestinians, after an Israeli court rejected a petition by the families against the punitive demolition. On 11 March, Israeli forces punitively demolished the home of Qassam Barghouti in Kobar village near Ramallah. The three men are in prison in Israel for alleged involvement in an attack in August 2019 that killed an Israeli civilian and injured two others outside Ramallah city in the occupied West Bank.

Israeli settler organizations initiated, with the support of the Israeli authorities, forcible evictions of Palestinians from their homes in East Jerusalem.

OCHA estimated in December that around 200 Palestinian households in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, had eviction cases pending against them, placing 800 adults and children at risk of displacement.

Israeli authorities demolished at least 29 residential and livelihood structures that belonged to Bedouin citizens living in “unrecognized” villages in the Negev/Naqab, according to the Negev Coexistence Forum, an Israeli NGO.

Discrimination

Israel continued to discriminate against Palestinian citizens of Israel in areas of planning, budget allocation, policing and political participation. According to the Adalah-The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, Israel maintains over 65 laws that discriminate against Palestinians.

Local Palestinian councils in Israel went on strike to protest against discrimination in the distribution of the state budget for local councils. The vast majority of Palestinians in Israel, comprising over 20% of the total population, live in around 139 towns and villages. They received only 1.7% of the state budget for local councils.

In August, Adalah and the Arab Center for Alternative Planning filed a petition to the Israeli Supreme Court on behalf of 10 local Palestinian councils and dozens of Palestinian citizens of Israel against government policy discriminating against these communities in the distribution of housing, construction and land development benefits compared to neighbouring Jewish communities that enjoy higher socio-economic status and have access to such benefits.

Israel continued to deny Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza married to Palestinian citizens of Israel the right to nationality by enforcing the discriminatory Entry to Israel Law.

In December, the magistrate court in Krayot, near Haifa, rejected a petition for access to education by Palestinian citizens of Israel living in Karmiel, citing the discriminatory Nation State Law. The decision said that establishing an Arabic school in the town or funding transport for its Palestinian residents to study in Arabic schools in nearby communities would undermine the town’s “Jewish character”.

In December, the Israeli Health Ministry began the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines that excluded the nearly 5 million Palestinians who live under Israeli military occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Unlawful killings and excessive use of force

Israeli military and police used unnecessary and excessive force during law enforcement activities, including search and arrest operations, and when policing demonstrations.

Military and security forces killed at least 31 Palestinians, including nine children, in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, according to OCHA. Many were unlawfully killed by live ammunition or other excessive force when posing no imminent threat to life. Some of the unlawful killings appeared to be wilful, which would constitute war crimes.

Israeli forces frequently used excessive force against protesters in Kufr Qadum who continued weekly protests against settlements and settlement expansion. According to OCHA, 214 protesters and bystanders were injured during the year.

On 15 February, Israeli forces shot and injured in the eye nine-year-old Malek Issa while he was returning home from school in the East Jerusalem neighbourhood of Issawiya. No clashes were recorded at the time, according to OCHA. Israeli forces were maintaining a violent and intense police operation in Issawiya as a form of collective punishment.

Israeli forces frequently opened fire on fishermen and farmers in Gaza. According to Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, 12 fishermen and five farmers were injured.

Freedom of movement

For the 13th consecutive year, Israel continued its illegal air, land and sea blockade of the Gaza Strip, restricting the movement of people and goods in and out of the area, which continued to have a devastating impact on the human rights of Gaza’s 2 million inhabitants. Israel stopped the entry of construction materials and fuel into Gaza repeatedly. This shut down the only power plant in Gaza, leading to a further reduction in the supply of electricity, which had already been available for only about four hours a day. Israel also imposed a full maritime closure and repeatedly limited entry of goods to food and medicine only. The measures amounted to collective punishment at a time of increasing COVID-19 infections in Gaza.

On 2 February, following an exchange of attacks between Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups, Israel cancelled the permits of 500 traders from Gaza that enable their holders to travel to Israel and the West Bank for business. The permits were reactivated on 18 February.

On 18 June, Omar Yaghi, a baby with a cardiac condition, died in Gaza after Israel denied the family a permit to enter Israel for a scheduled operation on 24 May at the Sheba Medical Center in Ramat Gan city.

In the West Bank, at least 593 Israeli checkpoints and roadblocks continued to heavily restrict the movement of Palestinians and access to rights, including health, education and work. Holders of Palestinian identification cards faced an ongoing bar on using roads built for Israeli settlers.

Israeli restrictions on freedom of movement continued to impede Palestinians’ access to health care, posing further threats to vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lack of access to hospitals and specialized clinics during the pandemic particularly affected Palestinian residents of the East Jerusalem neighbourhoods of Kufr Aqab and Shu’fat Refugee Camp, which are segregated from the rest of the city by military structures, including checkpoints, and the fence/wall.

Arbitrary detention

Israeli authorities conducted hundreds of raids throughout the West Bank to arrest Palestinians, usually at their homes at night. Those arrested were detained in prisons in Israel, along with thousands of other Palestinians from the OPT arrested in previous years. This violated international humanitarian law, which prohibits the transfer of detainees into the territory of the occupying power.

Israeli authorities used renewable administrative detention orders to hold Palestinians without charge or trial. Some 4,300 Palestinians from the OPT, including 397 administrative detainees, were held in Israeli prisons as of December, according to the Israel Prison Service. Many families of Palestinian detainees in Israel, particularly those living in Gaza, were not permitted entry to Israel to visit their relatives.

On 16 July, Israeli forces arrested Iyad Barghouti, an astrophysicist and professor at Jerusalem’s Al-Quds University, at a checkpoint near Jerusalem and placed him in administrative detention. He had previously been administratively detained in 2014 and 2016.

Israel held 157 Palestinian children in prison, including two in administrative detention, as of October. Defense for Children International Palestine said that children were interrogated without their parents present and placed with adults in prison. Under international law, detention of children should be a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate time.

Unfair trials

Palestinian civilians, including children, from the OPT were prosecuted in military courts that did not meet international fair trial standards.

Torture and other ill-treatment

Israeli soldiers, police and ISA officers continued to torture and otherwise ill-treat Palestinian detainees, including children, with impunity. Reported methods included beating, slapping, painful shackling, sleep deprivation, use of stress positions and threats of violence against family members. Prolonged solitary confinement, sometimes lasting months, was commonly used as a punishment.

Israeli forces occasionally denied medical help for Palestinians injured during law enforcement activities.

Freedoms of expression and association

The authorities used a range of measures, including raids, incitement campaigns, movement restrictions and judicial harassment, to target human rights defenders who criticized Israel’s continuing military occupation of Palestinian and Syrian territories.

Israel continued to deny human rights bodies entry to the OPT, including the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the OPT.

On 30 July, Israeli forces arrested Mahmoud Nawajaa, a human rights defender and co-ordinator of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement in the occupied West Bank, from his home in Ramallah. A prisoner of conscience, he was released without charge on 17 August.

On 13 November, the Jerusalem District Court rejected a petition by Amnesty International against the arbitrary and punitive travel ban imposed on its employee, human rights defender Laith Abu Zeyad. For undisclosed reasons, Israeli security forces continued to bar him from entering occupied East Jerusalem and from travelling abroad through Jordan.

Rights of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants

Israel continued to deny asylum-seekers access to a fair and prompt refugee status determination process, leaving many without access to basic services. About 31,000 asylum-seekers were living in Israel.

Gender-based violence

Violence against women persisted in Israel, especially against Palestinian citizens.

At least 21 women were killed as a result of gender-based violence.

Conscientious objectors

At least four Israeli conscientious objectors to military service were imprisoned. Hillel Rabin spent 56 days in military prison for refusing to serve in the Israeli army citing oppressive policies against Palestinians.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[12]

Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/instree/g3bpppdi.htm

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/instree/h2catoc.htm

[13]

BTSELEM

TORTURE AND ABUSE IN INTERROGATION

https://www.btselem.org/topic/torture

In interrogating Palestinian residents of the Occupied Territories, the Israel Security Agency (ISA, also known by the Hebrew acronyms Shin Bet or Shabak) routinely used methods that constituted ill-treatment and even torture until the late 1990s. In doing so, the ISA relied on the 1987 recommendations of a state commission headed by retired Supreme Court Justice Moshe Landau. The commission had held that, in order to “prevent terrorism”, ISA interrogators were permitted to use “psychological pressure” and a “moderate degree of physical pressure”. This permission was grounded, in the commission’s opinion, in the “necessity defense” laid out in Israeli Penal Law. In practice, the interrogation methods used by the ISA during that time went far beyond a reasonable interpretation of the term “moderate physical pressure”.

This state of affairs persisted for years, despite the right not to be subjected to ill-treatment or torture – whether physical or psychological – being one of the few human rights that are considered absolute. As an absolute right, it may never be balanced against other rights and values and cannot be suspended or limited, even in difficult circumstances.

In September 1999, following a series of petitions filed by human rights organizations and by Palestinians interrogated by the ISA, Israel’s High Court of Justice (HCJ) ruled that Israeli law does not empower ISA interrogators to use physical means in interrogation. The justices ruled that the specific methods discussed in the petitions – including painful binding, shaking, placing a sack on a person’s head for prolonged periods of time and sleep deprivation – were unlawful. However, they also held that ISA agents who exceed their authority and use “physical pressure” may not necessarily bear criminal responsibility for their actions, if they are later found to have used these methods in a “ticking bomb” case, based on the “necessity defense”. Following this ruling, reports of torture and ill-treatment in ISA interrogations did drop. However, ISA agents continued to use interrogation methods that constitute abuse and even torture, relying on the court’s recognition of the “ticking bomb” exception. These methods were not limited to exceptional cases and quickly became standard interrogation policy.

Several joint research reports published by B’Tselem and HaMoked: Center for the Defence of the Individual, based on hundreds of affidavits and testimonials given by Palestinians who underwent ISA interrogations after the HCJ ruling, indicate that the ISA still routinely employs psychological and physical abuse in interrogations. While interrogators steer clear of the specific methods that the court disqualified, the rationale is the same: using isolation from the outside world and harsh incarceration conditions, in addition to the interrogation itself, to psychologically pressure and physically weaken the individual. This combined use of holding conditions and interrogation methods constitutes abuse and inhuman, degrading treatment, at times even amounting to torture. It is regularly employed against Palestinians in ISA interrogations, in blatant violation of international law and basic moral standards.

According to the accounts of Palestinians who have undergone ISA interrogation, they are held in inhuman conditions, including narrow, windowless cells that are sometimes moldy and foul-smelling and are constantly lit with artificial lighting that is painful to the eyes. Some detainees reported being held in solitary confinement, completely cut off from their surroundings. Some reported exposure to extremes of heat and cold, as well as sleep deprivation. Many described abominable hygienic conditions; among other things, they stated that the prison authorities do not allow them to shower, change clothes, brush their teeth or even use toilet paper. The food is intentionally poor in quality and quantity, and detainees lose weight while in custody. In the interrogation room, they are forced to sit bound to a chair, without moving, for hours and even days on end. Interrogators threaten the detainees, including threats to harm their relatives, as well as shouting and employing violence against them.

Most Palestinians who are physically or mental abused in interrogation have no way to complain until the interrogation is over. This is because Palestinian detainees are regularly denied the right to meet with counsel, and HCJ petitions against the denial of this right have been repeatedly dismissed. Also, they usually cannot use the opportunity of coming before a judge in a remand hearing to air their grievances: Most hearings are extremely cursory and, in some of them, detainees are not represented or are denied the opportunity to confer with the lawyer representing them. Most detainees are not aware of the fact that they may approach the judge on their own initiative. In any case, they shy away from sharing what they are undergoing with the judge for fear of reprisal back in the interrogation room. Even when detainees do come forward, the authorities take no action, as years of monitoring by human rights organizations reveal. Since 2001, not a single criminal investigation has been launched into a complaint against an ISA interrogator, despite hundreds of complaints being lodged with the relevant authorities. Although formal changes have been made to the apparatus charged with looking into these complaints – including the appointment of an Inspector of Complaints by ISA Interrogees inside the ISA, and the subsequent transfer of the position to the Ministry of Justice – they have done nothing to alter the situation: Hundreds of complaints, zero criminal investigations.

This system of interrogation, which relies on a combination of holding conditions and interrogator conduct, was shaped by state authorities. It is not the personal initiative of any particular interrogator or prison guard, and the actions described here are not anomalies to be weeded out by the justice system. The cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of Palestinian detainees is inherent to the ISA’s violent interrogation policy. This policy is dictated from above, and not set by interrogators in the field.

While the ISA runs the system, a broad network of partners collaborates to facilitate it. The Israel Prison Service (IPS) adapts prison conditions to match the interrogation plan designed to break the detainee’s spirit. Medical and mental health personnel greenlight the interrogation of Palestinians who arrive at the facility – including in cases of poor health – and even hand detainees back to the interrogators after caring for physical and mental injuries they sustained in interrogation, knowing full well that they would be subjected to measures of abuse and torture; soldiers and police officers abuse detainees while transporting them to the ISA, with their commanders turning a blind eye and the MAG Corps and State Attorney’s Office not bringing them to justice or holding them fully accountable. Military judges almost automatically sign off on motions for remand in custody and effectively sanction the continued abuse and inhuman conditions. The State Attorney’s Office and the Attorney General have thus far provided ISA interrogators with full immunity. Finally, HCJ judges regularly reject petitions seeking to overturn the denial of detainee’s rights to meet with legal counsel, clearing the way for continued abuse.

All these are party, in one form or another, to the cruel, inhuman, degrading and abusive treatment to which Palestinians are subjected in ISA interrogations. By enabling the existence of this abusive interrogation regime, they all bear responsibility for the severe violations of interrogatees’ human rights and for the mental and physical harm inflicted on these individuals.

[14]

Article 2 

Relations between the Parties, as well as all the provisions of the Agreement itself, shall be based on respect for human rights and democratic principles, which guides their internal and international policy and constitutes an essential element of this Agreement.

EURO MEDITERRANEAN AGREEMENT

 establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part 

https://eeas.europa.eu/archives/delegations/israel/documents/eu_israel/asso_agree_en.pdf

[15]

ARTIKEL 90, NEDERLANDSE GRONDWET

De regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.

Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsorde

Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsordeDe regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Treedt op tegen mishandeling Palestijnse gevangenen!/Brief aan Tweede Kamerleden

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Israel zaait dood en verderf in Gaza/Brief aan de leden van de Commissie Buitenlandse Zaken van de Tweede Kamer

ISRAELISCHE BOMBARDEMENTEN OP GAZA IN MEI 2021/TERREUR EN BEZETTING/BRIEF AAN DE LEDEN VAN DE COMMISSIE BUITENLANDSE ZAKEN VAN DE TWEEDE KAMER

Image result for Destruction of Gaza/Images

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSEGEBIEDENILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHTAn aerial shot of a housing community

The Israeli settlement of Maale Adumim in the occupied West Bank, with the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied East Jerusalem in the background. © 2020 Reuters
https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed


AAN

De  leden van de commissie-Buitenlandse Zaken van de Tweede Kamer
Uw taakomschrijving:

De vaste commissie voor Buitenlandse Zaken behandelt de onderwerpen die te maken hebben met het beleid van de minister van Buitenlandse Zaken, behalve het interne beleid van de Europese Unie (EU). EU-onderwerpen worden namelijk behandeld door de commissie voor Europese Zaken. De commissie voor Buitenlandse Zaken overlegt regelmatig met de minister over actuele kwesties, zoals de situatie in conflictgebieden, mensenrechten en het uitzenden van Nederlandse militairen naar crisisgebieden. Ook behandelt de commissie de begroting van Buitenlandse Zaken, ontvangt ze internationale delegaties en gaat ze ieder jaar op werkbezoek naar het buitenland.

https://www.tweedekamer.nl/kamerleden_en_commissies/commissies/buza

[Vooraf:Mocht u in tijdnood zijn, lees dan alleen het stukje onderin:OPROEP/EIS AAN U]
Onderwerp:De voortdurende Israelische agressie tegen het Palestijnse volk
Geachte dames en heren,
[Een mail van gelijke strekking  is tevens verzonden aan uw Tweede Kamer collegae, met uitzondering van drie fracties, die geen respect tonen voor het Internationaal Recht]
Geachte dames en heren,

De walrus sprak:De tijd is daar
Om over allerlei te praten”Een schoen, een schip, een kandelaar,Of koningen ook liegenEn of de zee soms koken kanEn een biggetje kan vliegen.
Uit het Engels vertaald uit: 

THE WALRUS AND THE CARPENTERLEWIS CARROLL: ALICE IN WONDERLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Walrus_and_the_Carpenter
Zoals de Walrus sprak in het onvergetelijke ”Alice in Wonderland”[1]  sprak ,zeg ik:”Het is tijd.”Het is hoog tijd om spijkers met koppen te slaan en als Commissie,binnen de mogelijkheden van uw taakomschrijving,  ferm en fel stelling te nemen tegen de systematische Israelische onderdrukking en terreur jegens debezette Palestijnse bevolking!En daarmee bedoel ik niet alleen ”het uiten van bezorgdheid”, maar ook echt het Israelische onrecht benoemen en ernaar handelen!Want zoals ik al schreef:Het is niet van vandaag.Het is structureel!
En het Kwaad schuilt in de bezetting.Daarover zo meerNu eerst dit:
AANLEIDING:
Natuurlijk kent u de aanleiding tot de huidige Ellende:Dreigende [misschien is het nu zelfs al wel gebeurd] huisuitzettingvan Palestijnse families in het bezette Oost-Jeruzalem [2] om plaatste maken voor een stel Israelische  kolonisten [3], ondanks het feit, dat datillegaal is, omdat nederzettingen in bezet gebied en dus de bewoningdoor kolonisten aldaar, in strijd is met het Internationaal Recht. [4]Terecht verzetten de Palestijnen zich daartegen, de Israelische politie
reageerde met grof geweld tegen de demonstranten en ook extreem-rechtse kolonisten vielen Palestijnse demonstranten aan [5], waarbij doorde Israelische politie zelfs de Al Aqsa Moskee werd bestormd! [6]
ESCALATIE
Zoals wel kon worden verwacht, escaleerde het geweld:Door Israelische bombardementen op Gaza vielen tientallen doden, waarbij onder andere een huis van een Hamas leider is getargeted en een gebouw is aangevallen, waarin internationale media waren gevestigd. [7]Om nog exacter te zijn over het aantal en u [hoewel u dat al dient te weten], een indruk te geven:Op het moment van schrijven zijn er volgens berichtgeving uit de mediaStuk voor stuk oorlogsmisdaden, omdat voornamelijk  burgers en burgerdoelen zijn getarget en geraakt!Lees het Internationaal Humanitair Oorlogsrecht er maar op na. [8]De media melden 197 Palestijnse doden en meer dan duizend  gewonden. [9]Ook zijn er tenminste twee Israelische vrouwen zijn gedood door raketten,die uit Gaza zijn afgevuurd. [10]Later hebben de Israelische autoriteiten melding gemaakt van 10 Israelische slachtoffers, [zie media] [11]Uiteraard even onacceptabel, omdat het om burgers gaat.Zie ook verklaring Amnesty International [12]Amnesty International heeft trouwens-en dat moet u bekend zijn, anders weet u het nu-in niet mis te verstane termen het Israelische geweld in bezet Oost-Jeruzalem veroordeeld. [13]Verder melden de media, dat zo’n 42 duizend Palestijnen op de vlucht zijn geslagen vanwege Israelische bombardementen! [14]Dat is niet niks, waarde Commissieleden.Dat is een humanitaire ramp!
ISRAELISCHE AANVALLEN NIET NIEUW
Waarom ik het ook zo belangrijk vind, dat u ingrijpt, is omdat deze Israelische aanvallen op Gaza en de keiharde onderdrukking van de Palestijnen in bezet Oost-Jeruzalem en de bezette Westbank bepaald niet nieuw zijn, zoals u hoort te weten:Neem alleen al de militaire aanval ”Protective Edge” uit 2014:In die specifieke Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza,  heeft Israel zich schuldig gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In de aanval op Gaza in 2014 , zijn in twee maanden tijd meer dan 1400  Palestijnen gedood [voornamelijk burgers] [15] waaronder 526 kinderen [16], een VN school werd gebombardeerd [17], een ziekenhuis werd beschoten [18], moet ik doorgaan?Ik denk, dat dit wel een Beeld geeft.

ROOTS OF THE EVIL:BEZETTING EN ONDERDRUKKING
Maar hoe bizar het ook klinkt, deze herhaalde Israelische terreur enoorlogsmisdaden zijn niet de wortel.Hoe gruwelijk ook, zij zijn de Kippendoder niet.
Wat natuurlijk de bron van alle Kwaad is, is die nu al vanaf 1967 [reken zelf maar uit, hoe lang] durende Israelische bezetting is, die gebaard heeft:OnderdrukkingOorlogsmisdadenDe uithongeringsblokkade van Gaza [19] en misdaden tegen de menselijkheid, zoals de etnische zuiveringen van de Bedoeienen. [20]Landddiefstal en terreur, middels die illegale nederzettingenEn zo meer
Zolang die bezetting doorgaat, zullen bestialiteiten als militaire aanvallen, die keer op keer mensenlevens als tol eisen, doorgaanLees meer onder noot 21U hoort het trouwens te weten
OPROEP/EIS AAN U
Ik heb u een uitgebreid overzicht gegeven van aan u reeds bekende en/of onbekende feiten.Maar wat u in ieder geval weet is de zoveelste tragedie, die zich hier en nuover het Palestijnse volk voltrekt.En daarom wordt het meer dan hoog tijd, dat u handelend optreedt enzich voor de volgende zaken inzet:
Een onmiddellijk einde aan alle militaire  agressie tegen bezet Gaza [22], de Palestijnse bewoners in bezet Oost-Jeruzalem en de bezette Westbank.Eisen, dat de Nederlandse regering Israel, zelfstandig of in EU verband,oproept om zich per direct uit de Bezette Palestijnse gebieden terug te trekken.Dat Israel stopt met uitbreiding van de nederzettingen en de reeds bestaande nederzettingen ontmantelt.Dat Israel per direct de Gaza Blokkade opheft.
Ik verwacht geen moment, dat Israel daaraan gehoor geeft, daarom moet u, als parlement, aandringen op drukmiddelen, zoals het opschorten, danwel opzeggen van het EU Associatie Verdrag met Israel, dat immers eenmensenrechtenclausule heeft. [23]En zo zijn er meer drukmiddelen, nationaal en internationaal, die u kuntaanwenden.Van u als parlementsleden, die trouw hebben gezworen aan de Grondwet[of dat hebben beloofd], verwacht ik, dat u artikel 90 [de regering bevordert de Internationale Rechtsorde] [24] respecteert en uitvoert.

U mag niet toestaan, dat welk land dan ook zo grof de mensenrechtenmet voeten treedt.Doe uw best!
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 

NOTEN
Vanwege de veelheid van de noten [1 t/m 24] voor uw gemak een link bijgevoegd, daaronder de [identieke] noten
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-24-bij-brief-aan-de-tweede-kamer-over-de-israelische-militaire-aanvallen-op-gaza-dd-mei-2021/

OF
https://www.dewereldmorgen.be/community/noten-1-t-m-24-bij-brief-aan-de-tweede-kamer-over-de-israelische-militaire-aanvallen-op-gaza-dd-mei-2021/

HIERONDER FYSIEK UITGESCHREVEN DE [IDENTIEKE] NOTEN

[1]

WIKIPEDIAALICE’S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice%27s_Adventures_in_Wonderland

[2]
NRCFRUSTRATIES IN JERUZALEM BEREIKEN GEWELDDADIG KOOKPUNT
https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2021/05/08/frustraties-in-jeruzalem-bereiken-gewelddadig-kookpunt-a4042918

Huisuitzettingen Vrijdagavond escaleerde opnieuw het geweld tussen Israëlische politie en Palestijnse demonstranten in Jeruzalem, vooral vanwege de dreigende huisuitzettingen van Palestijnse families in Oost-Jeruzalem.

Flits. Knal. Rennende en struikelende mensen, loeiende sirenes. Het is weer raak in Jeruzalem. Bij confrontaties tussen Palestijnen en de Israëlische politie bij de Al-Aqsamoskee in de oude stad en in de nabijgelegen wijk Sjeikh Jarrah zijn vrijdagavond zeker 205 Palestijnen en 17 Israëlische politieagenten gewond geraakt. De politie zette onder meer traangas, lawaaigranaten en rubberkogels in. Volgens de politie gooiden Palestijnse demonstranten met stenen en vuurwerk.

In de islamitische vastenmaand ramadan is het vaker onrustig in Jeruzalem, maar dit keer volgt escalatie op escalatie. Het begon met de afsluiting van de trappen naar de Damascuspoort, de belangrijkste ingang naar de oude stad. Die dienen in de ramadan als centraal plein voor de tienduizenden Palestijnen die naar de Al-Aqsamoskee komen om te bidden. Na protesten en geweld stelden de Israëlische autoriteiten de trappen weer open. Ook kwam de politie hardhandig tussenbeide toen ultrarechtse activisten een mars naar de oude stad organiseerden waarbij ze „dood aan de Arabieren” riepen en Palestijnen op straat aanvielen. De directe aanleiding voor de mars was een filmpje op sociale media van een Palestijnse jongen die een Joodse leeftijdgenoot een klap gaf.

Centraal in de recente onrust staat de dreigende huisuitzetting van vier Palestijnse families in de wijk Sjeikh Jarrah, vlakbij de oude binnenstad. Veertien families dreigen hun huizen te worden uitgezet, waarvan vier acuut. Jordanië, dat destijds het oostelijke deel van Jeruzalem beheerste, bouwde de huizen in 1956 samen met VN-organisatie UNRWA voor Palestijnse vluchtelingen. De inwoners van de wijk protesteren elke avond tegen de uitzettingen, daarbij gesteund door Joodse en Palestijnse activisten. Politieoptreden leidde de afgelopen week tot gewonden en arrestaties.

Stinkwater

Je weet dat je in de richting van Sjeikh Jarrah loopt dankzij de penetrante geur die hier al dagen hangt. De politie gebruikt stinkwater, een chemisch goedje dat niet uit kleren en huizen te krijgen is, tegen demonstranten.

Abed Fattah Eskafi (71) woont met dertien kinderen en kleinkinderen in het huis dat zijn familie destijds kreeg toegewezen, nadat ze in 1948 uit een wijk in West-Jeruzalem waren verdreven. Eskafi en zijn buren zijn al decennia in rechtszaken verwikkeld om hun huis te behouden. Sinds Israël in 1967 het oostelijke gedeelte van Jeruzalem heroverde en vervolgens annexeerde, eisen nationalistische Joodse organisaties de grond op omdat die vóór 1948 in bezit was van Joden. Volgens de Israëlische wet mogen Joodse Israëliërs die in de oorlog met de Arabische buurlanden zijn verdreven, hun bezit opeisen. Dat geldt echter niet voor de vele Palestijnen die hun grond en bezit kwijtraakten, zoals de Eskafi’s.

Ook hier wakkeren rechtse groeperingen het vuur met graagte aan. Donderdag zette een ultrarechts Knessetlid zijn tent op recht tegenover de nu bedreigde huizen, bij een huis waar al in 2009 Joodse bewoners in de plaats kwamen van Palestijnen. Het mondde uit in over en weer gesmijt met stoelen en stenen.

Vrijdag hebben zich tientallen Joodse activisten in hetzelfde huis verzameld. Zodra de schemering invalt, komen ze de straat op om luidkeels te bidden en zingen voor de sjabbat. Aan de overkant zitten de Palestijnse bewoners aan grote tafels voor de iftar, het breken van de vasten, dat eveneens met zonsondergang begint. Beide groepen proberen elkaar te overstemmen. Ertussen staan agenten van de Israëlische grenspolitie.

Volgens de VN-mensenrechtenraad zou uitzetting van de Palestijnse bewoners neerkomen op gedwongen verplaatsing, volgens mensenrechtenverdragen verboden. De Amerikaanse regering sprak vrijdag haar bezorgdheid uit over het escalerende geweld en ook over de dreigende uitzettingen in Sjeikh Jarrah.

‘Onroerendgoedkwestie’

De Palestijnse bewoners en hun medestanders zien de huisuitzettingen als deel van een grotere beweging om zoveel mogelijk Joodse Israëliërs te vestigen in Oost-Jeruzalem, dat de Palestijnen zien als de hoofdstad van een toekomstige Palestijnse staat. Israël beschouwt heel Jeruzalem als Israëls ondeelbare hoofdstad.

Palestijnse huizen in Oost-Jeruzalem worden met regelmaat gesloopt en in Palestijnse wijken betrekken steeds meer Joodse families Palestijnse huizen. „Ze willen geen Arabieren hier”, zegt Eskafi. „Ze verdrijven ons van hier, dan vanuit de volgende wijk, en ten slotte uit Al-Aqsa.” Israël ontkent dat. Het Israëlische ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken stelde vrijdag dat de Palestijnen „een onroerend-goedkwestie tussen private partijen presenteren als een nationalistische kwestie, om geweld op te roepen.”

Veiligheidsdiensten en bewoners houden hun hart vast voor de komende dagen. Ook deze zaterdag zijn demonstraties aangekondigd in Israël en de Palestijnse gebieden. Volgens de militante beweging Hamas speelt de Israëlische premier Netanyahu „met vuur”.

Zondagavond en maandag is het Jeruzalemdag. Ultranationalistische Joden vieren dan dat de stad in 1967 werd ‘verenigd’ met een mars door de oude stad, waarbij ze nationalistische en anti-Arabische slogans roepen. De Israëlische politie adviseert Palestijnse winkeliers doorgaans hun zaak gesloten te houden om vernielingen te voorkomen, maar dit jaar valt het samen met één van de belangrijkste en drukste avonden van de ramadan.

Maandag bepaalt het Hooggerechtshof bovendien of de bewoners van Sjeikh Jarrah nog in beroep mogen tegen hun uitzetting.

EINDE NRC ARTIKEL[3]

”De belangrijkste aanleiding tot de onlusten ligt in de wijk Sheikh Jarrah, even ten noorden van de Oude Stad, waar vier Palestijnse families acuut op straat dreigen te worden gezet ten gunste van Israëlische kolonisten”
THE RIGHTS FORUMESCALATIE IN OOST-JERUZALEM HOUDT GROTE RISICO’SIN10 MEI 2021

De verdrijving van Palestijnse inwoners, het permanente Israëlisch geweld en andere factoren hebben in Oost-Jeruzalem geleid tot een explosieve situatie, die zich inmiddels tot ver buiten de stad uitstrekt. Decennia van kolonisering hebben een rampzalige situatie opgeleverd.

De afgelopen dagen is in Oost-Jeruzalem de spanning geëscaleerd die zich afgelopen weken heeft opgebouwd tussen de Israëlische autoriteiten, politie, groepen rechtse nationalisten en kolonisten enerzijds, en de lokale Palestijnse bevolking anderzijds. Vrijdag-, zaterdag- en zondagavond, en ook al daarvoor, vonden harde botsingen plaats in de wijk Sheikh Jarrah, bij de Damascuspoort en in andere delen van de Oude Stad.

Op media zoals Middle East Eye, dat eigen verslaggevers ter plaatse heeft, is een aaneenschakeling te zien van video’s waarin zwaar bewapende Israëlische troepen grof geweld gebruiken tegen Palestijnen, die vanwege het einde van de vastenmaand Ramadan juist massaal bijeenkomen. Vrijdag bestormden Israëlische troepen zelfs de voor moslims heilige Al-Aqsa-moskee. Aan Palestijnse zijde werden circa 290 gewonden gemeld, van wie er ruim honderd in ziekenhuizen moesten worden opgenomen. Ook 18 Israëlische politieagenten raakten gewond. Die aantallen liepen zondagavond verder op.

Sheikh Jarrah

De belangrijkste aanleiding tot de onlusten ligt in de wijk Sheikh Jarrah, even ten noorden van de Oude Stad, waar vier Palestijnse families acuut op straat dreigen te worden gezet ten gunste van Israëlische kolonisten. In de wijk wacht in totaal 78 families dit lot. Simultaan vindt hetzelfde proces van huisuitzettingen plaats in andere wijken van Oost-Jeruzalem, waaronder Silwan. In een eerder artikel beschreven wij een aantal concrete voorbeelden, onder meer in Sheikh Jarrah.

De Palestijnse families in Sheikh Jarrah maken deel uit van (nazaten van) de circa 750 duizend Palestijnen die in 1947-48 door Joodse milities op de vlucht werden gejaagd of verdreven uit hun woonplaatsen binnen het huidige Israël. Nadat Israël hen het recht van terugkeer naar hun woonplaatsen en bezittingen ontzegde, werden 28 families in 1956 gehuisvest in het onder Jordaans gezag staande Palestijnse Oost-Jeruzalem, waar de VN-organisatie UNRWA de bouw van woningen faciliteerde op door Jordanië beschikbaar gesteld land. Het is deze, sindsdien toegenomen, gemeenschap die nu in Sheikh Jarrah uit haar huizen dreigt te worden gezet.

Joodse meerderheid

Cruciaal hierin was de bezetting van Oost-Jeruzalem, samen met de Westoever en Gaza, door Israël in 1967. Die vormde het startschot van de Israëlische politiek om in Oost-Jeruzalem een ‘Joodse meerderheid’ tot stand te brengen. Sindsdien wordt het stadsdeel agressief gekoloniseerd. Israël heeft intussen ruim 225 duizend burgers naar Oost-Jeruzalem overgebracht (cijfers 2019).

Daarnaast worden Palestijnse inwoners door Israël op alle denkbare manieren de stad uitgedreven: door het intrekken van vergunningen, landconfiscatie, huisuitzettingen, afbraak van woningen, en de aanleg van parken en archeologische zones op Palestijns land of tussen Palestijnse gemeenschappen, die zich daardoor niet kunnen uitbreiden. Per 2017 was ruim 14 duizend Palestijnen het inwonerschap van Oost-Jeruzalem ontnomen, en waren ruim tweeduizend Palestijnse woningen gesloopt. Het huidige aantal Palestijnse inwoners van Oost-Jeruzalem bedraagt circa 350 duizend.

De huisuitzettingen in Sheikh Jarrah, Silwan en andere wijken passen in deze praktijk van etnische zuivering, die tot doel heeft het Palestijnse deel van de bevolking van Jeruzalem te vervangen door Joods-Israëlische kolonisten. Daarover wordt niet geheimzinnig gedaan: in een video legt een woordvoerder van de Israëlische kolonisten in Sheikh Jarrah uit hoe dat proces in zijn werk gaat, en erkent hij volmondig dat dit neerkomt op verdrijving van de Palestijnen. Een andere video toont een kolonist die het stelen van een Palestijns huis legitimeert met de opmerking dat anders een ander dat wel zal doen.

Israëlisch ‘recht’

Daartoe wordt gebruik gemaakt van Israëlische wetgeving, die buiten de eigen grenzen wordt toegepast op bezet Palestijns gebied. Zaterdag werd Israël door de Hoge VN-Commissaris voor de Mensenrechten gewezen op de ondeugdelijkheid van die constructie, en gewaarschuwd dat op Oost-Jeruzalem het internationaal recht van toepassing is, waarbinnen de Israëlische kolonisering als mogelijke oorlogsmisdaad geldt, en acties als huisuitzettingen strikt verboden zijn. Als bezettingsmacht is Israël verantwoordelijk voor het welzijn van de lokale bevolking.

De door Israël gebruikte wetgeving is een amendement op de zogenoemde Absentee Property Law, waarmee Israël in 1950 al het land en de bezittingen confisqueerde van de ‘absente’ Palestijnse eigenaren – de 750 duizend verdreven en gevluchte Palestijnen die tegelijkertijd het recht van terugkeer werd onthouden. Dit nadat de bezittingen van 600 duizend Palestijnen al in 1948 in een nationale plundertocht door Joden geroofd waren, zoals verleden jaar na Israëlisch onderzoek kwam vast te staan.

Nadat Israël in 1967 Oost-Jeruzalem en de overige Palestijnse gebieden bezette, werd de Israëlische wet in 1970 uitgebreid met een amendement dat (uitsluitend) Joden het recht geeft om in bezet Oost-Jeruzalem land en onroerend goed op te eisen dat voor 1948 Joods bezit was. De wet wordt vervolgens afgedwongen door het Israëlische juridische systeem van toepassing te verklaren op bezet gebied, wat de Palestijnen kansloos maakt, zelfs al kunnen die hun eigendomsrecht aantonen.

Kapot geprocedeerd

Met toepassing van het amendement kende Israël het eigendom van het land waarop de bedreigde families in Sheikh Jarrah wonen in 1972 toe aan twee Joodse organisaties, die het in de jaren negentig doorverkochten aan de private kolonistenorganisatie Nahalat Shimon International, een in de VS geregistreerd bedrijf met onbekende geldschieters. Het bedrijf diende al in 2009 een plan in bij het Israëlische gemeentebestuur van Jeruzalem voor de vestiging van een nieuwe Joodse kolonie van tweehonderd woningen in Sheikh Jarrah, waarvoor tenminste vijfhonderd Palestijnen het veld dienen te ruimen.

De door de kolonisten van Nahalat Shimon gevolgde strategie loopt via de Israëlische rechter. De Palestijnse eigenaren worden jaren achtereen letterlijk kapot geprocedeerd, tot aan het Israëlische Hooggerechtshof toe. Dat gaf de vier bedreigde Palestijnse families op 2 mei jl. vier dagen de tijd om met de kolonisten tot een vergelijk te komen, wat door de Palestijnen rigoreus werd afgewezen. Daarop wees het hof vandaag aan voor een besluit, waarop het echter zondag terugkwam: de zaak is voorlopig uitgesteld.

Wereldwijde protesten

Reden voor het uitstel is dat de woede en frustratie onder de Palestijnen zich heeft verspreid over de Westoever, Gaza en steden binnen Israël zelf. In Haifa werd zondagavond massaal gedemonstreerd, waarbij door de politie geweld werd gebruikt en 18 arrestaties werden verricht. Ook in onder meer Nazareth en Ramallah werd gedemonstreerd.

Maar ook internationaal is de maat vol. Wereldwijd werden zondag protestacties gehouden, waaronder in Amsterdam, Londen, Berlijn en Chicago. Talloze landen, waaronder de VS en Israëls nieuwe Arabische vrienden Bahrein en de VAE, hebben Israël aangesproken op zijn politiek in Oost-Jeruzalem en de dreigende gevolgen. Deze maandag komt de VN-Veiligheidsraad bijeen op verzoek van onder meer Frankrijk, Ierland en Noorwegen.

Grote risico’s

Intussen neemt het risico op complete ontsporing toe. Juist deze maandag viert Israël ‘Jeruzalemdag’, ter ere van de ‘hereniging’ van West- en Oost-Jeruzalem in 1967. Het is gebruikelijk dat ‘s avonds een vlaggenparade plaatsvindt, waarbij duizenden nationalistische Israëli’s provocatief door het bezette Oost-Jeruzalem marcheren. Gezien de explosieve situatie, die bovendien samenvalt met het einde van de vastenmaand Ramadan, ligt een verbod van de parade voor de hand.

Van Israëlische politici en bestuurders valt zo’n verbod echter niet te verwachten, vervlochten als de meesten zijn met de kolonistenbeweging. Symbool van die cultuur is locoburgemeester Aryeh King van Jerusalem, die vrijdag aan de New York Times in alle openheid uitlegde dat de huisuitzettingen deel uitmaken van de strategie om ‘de vijand’ (de Palestijnen en andere niet-Joden) te vervangen door ‘Joden’.

De Israëlische regering heeft elke verantwoordelijkheid voor de huidige escalatie van de hand gewezen met de bizarre redenering dat rond de huisuitzettingen sprake is van een ‘privaat geschil’, dat door de Palestijnen wordt gebruikt om herrie te schoppen. Zondag paaide premier Netanyahu zijn rechtse bondgenoten met de belofte dat Israël zal doorgaan met het koloniseren van Oost-Jeruzalem.

‘Pogrom’ als voorproefje

Diezelfde houding leidde minder dan drie weken geleden tot een voorproefje van wat de Palestijnen vanavond mogelijk te wachten staat, toen de ultra rechts-nationalistische organisatie Lehava toestemming kreeg voor een massale demonstratie in Oost-Jeruzalem onder het motto ‘herstel van Joodse waardigheid’. Locoburgemeester King zette de toon met de oproep aan de politie om Palestijnse demonstranten die ‘s nachts op straat waren dood te schieten.

Aldus zette zich op 22 april een horde aan extremistische Israëli’s in beweging onder uitroepen als ‘Dood aan de Arabieren’ en ‘We branden je dorp af’. Ondanks pogingen van de Israëlische politie om hen tegen te houden, werden op talloze plaatsen Palestijnen aangevallen, huizen binnengedrongen, en keerde ook de politie zich met grof geweld tegen de Palestijnen. Gevolg: 105 gewonde Palestijnen, van wie er 22 moesten worden opgenomen, en twee gewonde Israëli’s. Vijftig personen werden gearresteerd, de meesten Palestijn. Diverse media berichtten over de Lehava-actie als een ‘pogrom’.

In de avonden daaraan voorafgaand liepen groepen Israëlische Joden ook al door het stadscentrum, ‘Dood aan de Arabieren’ scanderend, en Palestijnse voorbijgangers bekogelend met stenen en traangas. Een getuige zag een groep van zestig Joden die ‘op zoek waren naar Arabieren’ en willekeurige Palestijnen aanvielen. Binnen de groep werd met trots verteld dat ‘ze acht Arabieren hebben gegrepen’ en er ‘één bijna hebben vermoord’.

In deze traditie zal deze maandag dus een Israëlische vlaggenparade plaatsvinden door de Oude Stad, waarbij ook een bezoek aan de Al-Haram al-Sharif (Tempelberg) op het programma staat – de locatie van de Al-Aqsa-moskee, waar tienduizenden Palestijnen deze week de rituelen rond het einde van de Ramadan volbrengen. Vijf dagen later gedenken de Palestijnen de Nakba, de ‘Catastrofe’ waarbij in 1947-48 circa 750 duizend Palestijnen werden verdreven. Voor veel Palestijnen in Oost-Jeruzalem, waaronder in Sheikh Jarrah, gebeurt dat in het vooruitzicht van een nieuwe verdrijving. In alle opzichten reden om het ergste te vrezen.
EINDE BERICHT
EINDE BERICHT

[4]

ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE NEDERZETTINGEN

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm#:~:text=It%20is%20unlawful%20under%20the,population%20transfer%20into%20occupied%20territory

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

ILLEGALITEIT NEDERZETTINGEN VOLGENS ARTIKEL 49, 4E CONVENTIE VAN GENEVE

”Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

ARTICLE 49, FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=77068F12B8857C4DC12563CD0051BDB0

[5]

NRCFRUSTRATIES IN JERUZALEM BEREIKEN GEWELDDADIG KOOKPUNT
https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2021/05/08/frustraties-in-jeruzalem-bereiken-gewelddadig-kookpunt-a4042918
ZIE VOOR GEHELE TEKST, NOOT 2

THE RIGHTS FORUMESCALATIE IN OOST-JERUZALEM HOUDT GROTE RISICO’SIN10 MEI 2021

https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/escalatie-in-oost-jeruzalem-houdt-grote-risicos-in/
ZIE VOOR GEHELE TEKST, NOOT 3
[6]
[6]

HIERONDER FILMPJE BESTORMING AL AQSA MOSKEE
https://twitter.com/_Goldwasser_/status/1391005116996726787

YOUTUBE.COMISRAEL VALT AL AQSA MOSKEE BINNEN, AANHOUDENDEONRUST IN JERUZALEM

MIDDLE EAST EYEAL AQSA UNDER ATTACK: HOW ISRAEL TURNED HOLY SITEINTO A BATTLEGROUND
https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/israel-palestine-aqsa-attacks-how-violence-unfolded

Targeted by Israeli security forces, the symbolic mosque was at the centre of much of Jerusalem’s long weekend of violence

Al-Aqsa Mosque, one of the three holiest sites in Islam, has long been an emblem of Palestinian resistance to Israeli occupation.

Al-Haram al-Sharif (the Noble Sanctuary), the complex in Jerusalem’s Old City that houses the mosque – which includes the Dome of the Rock and other Islamic shrines – is arguably the most significant symbol of Palestinian sovereignty.

Jerusalem has been on edge for weeks over Israel’s restrictions on Palestinian access to parts of the Old City during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, and Israeli authorities’ attempted eviction of several Palestinian families in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood to make way for Israeli settlers.

Al-Aqsa found itself at the centre of a long weekend of violence from Friday, that left hundreds of people injured and led to a series of deadly rocket exchanges between the Israel military and Hamas in Gaza.

By Tuesday night, Israeli security forces had raided the holy site four times in five days.

This is how the prayer, protest and violence at al-Aqsa unfolded.


Friday 7 May

On the last Friday of Ramadan, thousands of Palestinian worshippers gathered to pray outside the Dome of the Rock.

In total, more than 70,000 congregated to take part in the final Friday prayers of the holy month, according to Sheikh Azzam al-Khatib, head of the Waqf Islamic affairs council.

Tensions between Israelis and Palestinians had reached boiling point in recent days, as events in Sheikh Jarrah continued to unfold. While Palestinians in the neighbourhood were resisting eviction orders that would force 40 Palestinians, including 10 children, out of their homes, supporters inside Israel, East Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank organised protests in solidarity with them and others facing imminent eviction.

After Friday prayers, Palestinians at the mosque began their own demonstration, raising both Palestinian and Hamas flags.

Israeli police had deployed large numbers of officers to the city of Jerusalem, especially in the Old City, and closed off the surrounding streets that led to the mosque. Those who came to take part in the prayers were met with iron barriers and forced to go through identity checks.

Israeli police violently dispersed the protesters around Jerusalem throughout the day, forcing many to retreat to the mosque and hide within the confines of the shrines inside the complex.

Later that evening, Israeli forces used tear gas, stun grenades and rubber-coated steel bullets to disperse worshippers at the mosque. Hundreds were injured and hospitalised, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent.

The Red Crescent said that many of the injuries reported were to the head and eyes. Israeli police said six officers were injured as tensions intensified throughout the night.

Videos showed worshippers trying to ignore the tear gas canisters exploding around them as they prayed. Some appeared to be struck directly, others were engulfed in smoke. All fled the armed Israeli security forces flooding the complex. The man who remained longest appeared to be hit by one of the men in uniform.

Palestinian civil society called for a day of anger on Saturday in response to the crackdown.


Saturday 8 May

Friday’s violence prompted protests by Palestinian citizens of Israel in towns throughout the country, including Jaffa and Nazareth, in a show of anger against the Sheikh Jarrah evictions and the storming of al-Aqsa.

Israeli forces carried out arrests and raids throughout occupied East Jerusalem and built up their presence in the city on Saturday. This created a tense atmosphere ahead of the 27th night of Ramadan, one of the month’s holiest nights, which typically draws large crowds of worshippers to al-Aqsa, completely filling its courtyards. 

Israeli Police Commissioner Yaakov Shabtai said that the force was sending extra officers to Jerusalem in anticipation of more protests on Saturday night.

Despite the febrile atmosphere in the city, some 90,000 Palestinian worshippers flocked to al-Aqsa for prayers.

Many travelled long distances from the occupied West Bank or from Palestinian-majority towns inside Israel, but Israeli forces reportedly blocked buses bringing them to Jerusalem, forcing them to walk along highways. Some Palestinians in the city drove down to ferry the stranded worshippers to Al-Aqsa.

Mohammed Atiq, from the West Bank town of Jenin, said Friday’s raids on al-Aqsa did not deter him from making the journey.

“They began attempts to clear out al-Aqsa, attempts to ruin the night of worship,” he told Middle East Eye. “But the will of the worshippers is stronger than bullets.”

Suad Abu Eraim, from the town of Yatta in the southern West Bank, said she spent hours waiting at Israeli checkpoints before finally reaching Jerusalem.

“This is al-Aqsa mosque, this mosque is ours, we must stay tied to it,” she told MEE. “We must be present here, young or old, from every place.”

Though the prayers were conducted safely, Israeli forces quickly began cracking down on Palestinians trickling out of the Old City after the service, arresting many and wounding at least 90, according to medics.

Rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas and smoke grenades were fired at Palestinians at the Damascus Gate, which was adorned with lights to mark Ramadan. Women with bloody faces were seen being led away by medics. A short distance away, Israeli forces and settlers tore up a protest camp in Sheikh Jarrah.

Sunday 9 May

Jerusalem remained on edge on Sunday following another night of violence, as solidarity protests took place in cities worldwide, including Amman, Berlin, Chicago, London and Istanbul.

Staff and volunteers in al-Aqsa washed down the mosque’s courtyards the morning after Laylat al-Qadr, while hundreds of Palestinians rallied under the Dome of the Rock after the dawn Fajr prayer. 

The passage between the Dome of the Rock and al-Qibli Mosque was packed with people clapping and chanting: “In spirit, in blood, we sacrifice for you al-Aqsa.”

There were some confrontations with Israeli forces at the nearby Chain Gate, which many of the protesters had exited through, still chanting. Palestinians threw rocks while Israeli forces lobbed stun grenades into the mosque complex.

Compared to other days, Sunday was relatively quiet. But fears were growing about an event planned on Monday as part of Jerusalem Day, which marks Israel’s capture and subsequent occupation of East Jerusalem during the 1967 war.

Thousands of Israelis, many from the religious far-right, planned to enter the al-Aqsa complex and chant anti-Palestinian slogans as part of the Flag March.

But Israeli security officials feared that the march would only add fuel to the fire after a week of confrontations in the city, and lobbied politicians to either postpone the event or limit the number of attendees and shorten the route.


Monday 10 May

Half an hour before the Flag March was scheduled to begin, organisers called it off. Hundreds of Israelis gathered nonetheless, the vast majority of whom were right-wing religious nationalists. The crowds made their way into the plaza after a march through parts of Jerusalem’s Old City, under the protection of Israeli police.

But the main development on Monday morning was Israeli security forces again raiding Al-Aqsa, firing multiple projectiles into the ancient building.

According to the Palestinian Red Crescent, 305 Palestinians were injured and 228 others hospitalised – some in a field hospital set up near al-Aqsa – including four in a critical condition.

Ehab Jallad, a historical researcher from Jerusalem, was in the mosque when Israeli forces stormed in and attacked worshippers. He recounted his experience to MEE.

“We prayed Fajr [dawn prayers] at around 4am and watched the settlers as they continued marching in, carrying with them stones and whatever materials they could to form a barrier. Israeli forces were positioned in strategic locations, targeting worshippers in the area.

“While young people were preparing for their seminar at 8am, Israeli police started targeting us with snipers using rubber bullets. Some of the young people reacted with stone-throwing,” he added.

“I was near the Qibli Mosque when the police started attacking us. They were positioned in rows, and were targeting us with tear gas. They were aiming to drag people to the north side, and from there to the gate to evacuate the mosque.”

It was terrible,” Jallad told MEE. “Within minutes, it felt like the sky was falling down on us. I wanted to try and escape the rubber-coated bullets, so I hid, in order to be out of sight.

During the raid, videos emerged of calls blasting out over al-Aqsa’s tannoy, appealing for help for Palestinians trapped inside al-Aqsa’s al-Qibli Mosque. Footage from inside the Qibli mosque also showed vast plumes of tear gas.

A spokesperson for the Jerusalem emergency medical services said Israel was denying medics access to the mosque and had even confiscated some carts used to evacuate the wounded. Israelis also reportedly seized the mosque’s audio control room at one point, hampering the Palestinians’ ability to safely coordinate.

Speaking to Middle East Eye in Jerusalem, Palestinian activist Hanady Halawani said many had been wounded on Monday, and journalists covering the raid had also been targeted by Israeli forces.

She added that Israeli police stormed al-Aqsa’s Qibli shrine, located in the southern part of the complex, as people were praying.

“We have reached a new point now, and it’s very dangerous. The occupation has crossed all the red lines and all the feelings of Muslims. Al-Aqsa, Ramadan, women: there are no lines which have not been crossed,” Halawani said.

The director of Jerusalem’s Endowments Department also told Al Jazeera Arabic that Israeli forces had confiscated the keys to all entrances to al-Aqsa complex.

At some point during the raid, some of the stained glass windows at al-Aqsa were smashed by Israeli security forces. 

Following the morning’s violence, the mosque was littered with rocks and shards of glass, and the carpets were stained. 

However, despite the violence and unrest caused by the raid, Palestinians were quick to return to the mosque to start cleaning it again. With Israeli forces no longer in al-Aqsa Mosque’s complex, some Palestinians were able to return to the courtyard. 

MEE correspondent Latifeh Abdellatif reported that only Palestinians above the age of 40 were allowed into the courtyard by Israeli police via the Lions’ Gate.

Israeli forces violently stormed al-Aqsa for the third time in four days on Monday evening. Tear gas was used to disperse crowds, sound grenades were aimed at people, and heavily armed police made their way into al-Aqsa, causing further damage to the interior of the buildings.

After hours of attacks against worshippers, trapping hundreds inside the mosque’s buildings, Israeli forces withdrew from the complex.

Tuesday 11 May

Much of the attention turned to Gaza on Tuesday, with Hamas and Israel exchanging rocket fire amid warnings of a “full-scale war”.

According to Gaza’s health ministry, the number of Palestinians killed by Israeli air strikes on the besieged enclave since Monday has increased to 36 civilians, including 12 children, while 220 people have been wounded.

In Israel, at least five civilians have been killed by missiles fired from Gaza in retaliation for the air strikes, according to Haaretz, including one teenager and her father.

On Tuesday evening, Israeli security forces again stormed al-Aqsa – the fourth time since Friday.

Media outlets and social media users shared footage of heavily armed Israeli officers running towards the mosque from two separate directions. 

The Palestinian Red Crescent reported that Israeli forces blocked medics from entering the mosque, amid attacks on Palestinians inside.

“Blocking medical rescue teams from reaching the wounded is a blatant violation of international humanitarian law, which requires the occupying force to facilitate the mission of medics and provide healthcare to the sick and injured,” the Red Crescent said in a Facebook post.

Israel’s raids on al-Aqsa may, under international law, constitute war crimes. Yet while some have described the events at the mosque over the past few days as “unprecedented”, there have been several major incidents of Israeli police violence at the mosque and its immediate vicinity over the years. 

In October 1990, for example, Israeli security forces massacred around 21 Palestinians, shooting live bullets into a crowd.
EINDE BERICHT

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TROUWNIEUW DIEPTEPUNT: ZEKER 26 DODEN BIJ ISRAELISCHEAANVAL OP WONING VAN HAMASLEIDER16 MEI 2021
https://www.trouw.nl/buitenland/nieuw-dieptepunt-zeker-26-doden-bij-israelische-aanval-op-woning-van-hamasleider~b3ec7c35/#:~:text=Nieuw%20dieptepunt%3A%20zeker%2026%20doden%20bij%20Isra%C3%ABlische%20aanval%20op%20woning%20van%20Hamasleider,-Een%20Palestijnse%20man&text=In%20Gaza%20Stad%20zijn%20zondagochtend,laatste%20geweldsopleving%20in%20de%20regio.

In Gaza Stad zijn zondagochtend zeker 26 mensen omgekomen door Israëlische luchtaanvallen. Dat melden artsen aan persbureau Reuters. Het is daarmee een dieptepunt van de laatste geweldsopleving in de regio.

Volgens het gezondheidsministerie in Gaza zijn er tien vrouwen en acht kinderen onder slachtoffers. Behalve de 26 doden zijn er zeker vijftig mensen gewond geraakt.

Het huis van Hamasleider Yehya al-Sinwar werd in de nacht van zaterdag op zondag gebombardeerd. De woning is vernietigd, liet de top van het Israëlische leger weten. Het was de derde woning van leidende figuren in Hamas die met de grond gelijk werd gemaakt.

Rond middernacht ging zondagochtend het luchtalarm af in Tel Aviv vanwege inkomend raketvuur. Ongeveer tien mensen raakten gewond tijdens rennen naar schuilplaatsen, zeiden medici. Eerder op zaterdag hadden Palestijnse militanten al drie keer kort na elkaar raketten afgevuurd op het gebied rond Tel Aviv. In de naburige stad Ramat Gan kwam een man bij een raketinslag om het leven.

EU-overleg over Gaza

Ministers van buitenlandse zaken van EU-landen vergaderen dinsdag over het geweld in de Gazastrook. De Europese buitenlandchef Josep Borrell wil vergaderen vanwege het “onacceptabele aantal burgerslachtoffers”.

De ministers gaan bespreken hoe de EU het best een bijdrage kan leveren aan het beëindigen van het aanhoudende geweld. Internationale pogingen om te bemiddelen lijken tot dusver niets te hebben opgeleverd. De VN-veiligheidsraad komt later op zondag weer bijeen om de situatie te bespreken.

Opgelaaid geweld

De spanningen tussen Israël en de Palestijnen zijn opgelaaid door de dreigende uitzetting van gezinnen uit een Arabische wijk in Oost-Jeruzalem. Ze moeten zoals vaker in de bezette gebieden plaatsmaken voor Joodse kolonisten. Het leidde tot felle protesten bij de al-Aqsamoskee en beschietingen over en weer tussen strijders van onder meer de beweging Hamas in Gaza en de Israëlische strijdkrachten.

De Israëlische strijdkrachten zeggen dat militante Palestijnen in enkele dagen tijd zo’n 2900 raketten hebben afgevuurd op Israël. Dat reageerde met honderden luchtaanvallen op doelen in de Palestijnse enclave aan de kust.

De autoriteiten in de Gazastrook zeggen dat inmiddels al 174 doden zijn gevallen en 1200 mensen gewond zijn geraakt. Israël verwijt de Hamasbeweging bewust militaire doelen te plaatsen in dichtbevolkte gebieden. In Israël is melding gemaakt van zeker tien doden en honderden gewonden door de aanhoudende raketbeschietingen.

De Verenigde Naties zeggen dat zo’n 10.000 inwoners van de Gazastrook hun huizen bij de grens zijn ontvlucht omdat ze vrezen voor een Israëlisch grondoffensief. “Ze schuilen tijdens de coronapandemie in scholen, moskeeën en op andere plaatsen”, zei een VN-functionaris, die waarschuwde dat de vluchtelingen maar beperkt toegang hebben tot voedsel, water en medische diensten.

VN-chef ‘diep verontrust’ over aanval Israël op mediagebouw

VN-chef António Guterres is “ontzet” door de burgerslachtoffers in de Gazastrook en “diep verontrust” over de aanval van Israël op een gebouw waarin internationale media waren gevestigd, zei een woordvoerder in een zaterdag vrijgegeven verklaring.

Hij is ook “ontzet” door het “toenemende aantal burgerslachtoffers, waaronder de dood van tien leden van dezelfde familie, onder wie kinderen, als gevolg van een Israëlische luchtaanval gisteravond”, vervolgde Dujarric. “De secretaris-generaal herinnert alle partijen eraan dat elke willekeurige aanval op burger- en mediastructuren in strijd is met het internationaal recht en koste wat kost moet worden vermeden”, zei hij.

De VN-Veiligheidsraad komt zondag bijeen om het geweld te bespreken.
EINDE BERICHT
NOSISRAEL VERNIETIGT FLATGEBOUW IN GAZA MET KANTORENINTERNATIONALE MEDIA
https://nos.nl/collectie/13864/artikel/2380835-israel-vernietigt-flatgebouw-in-gaza-met-kantoren-internationale-media#:~:text=In%20Gaza%2DStad%20is%20een,en%20kantoren%20zaten%2C%20is%20ingestort.

In Gaza-Stad is een pand waarin meerdere mediaorganisaties zijn ondergebracht, gebombardeerd door het Israëlische leger. Het pand van twaalf verdiepingen, waarin ook appartementen en kantoren zaten, is ingestort. Volgens het internationale persbureau AP werd de eigenaar van het pand een uur van tevoren door het Israëlische leger gewaarschuwd dat het gebouw bestookt zou worden.

Twee raketten raakten het gebouw kort na elkaar. Journalisten hadden vlak daarvoor tevergeefs gevraagd om spullen uit het complex te halen. Ze moesten toezien hoe het gebouw na de tweede inslag instortte

Voor zover bekend raakte niemand gewond. Volgens het Israëlische leger was het gebouw een legitiem militair doelwit omdat onder meer de inlichtingendienst van Hamas er actief was. Het leger stelt dat Hamas de mediaorganisaties gebruikte als menselijk schild.

In het gebouw hadden onder meer nieuwszender Al Jazeera en persbureau AP hun kantoren. Het aanwezige personeel ontvluchtte volgens ooggetuigen in paniek het pand. De inslag was live te zien op Al Jazeera.

Een verslaggever van persbureau AP schrijft op Twitter dat hij en zijn collega’s vanaf de 11e verdieping via de trap naar beneden zijn gerend, en vanaf een afstand de toren in de gaten hebben gehouden. AP noemt de raketaanval “een nieuwe stap van het Israëlische leger om de verslaggeving vanuit het gebied aan banden te leggen”.

Geschokte reacties

Van veel kanten is geschokt gereageerd op de aanval op het persgebouw. Onder meer Turkije heeft een veroordeling uitgesproken.

Het Witte Huis heeft Israël laten weten dat het land de veiligheid van journalisten moet garanderen. Dat is hun “grootste verantwoordelijkheid”, zo zegt de woordvoerder van het Witte Huis. President Biden heeft na de vernietiging van het flatgebouw met zowel de Israëlische premier Netanyahu als de Palestijnse leider Abbas gebeld.

Directeur Pruitt van AP zegt: “We konden maar net voorkomen dat er doden vielen. Door wat er vandaag is gebeurd, weet de wereld minder goed wat zich in Gaza afspeelt.”

Ook Al Jazeera wijst daarop. “Al Jazeera roept media en humanitaire organisaties op om gezamenlijk deze meedogenloze bombardementen af te wijzen. De directeur-generaal van Al Jazeera, Mostefa Souag, sprak van een oorlogsmisdaad.

Volgens persbureau Reuters zijn sinds maandag zeker 140 mensen om het leven gekomen in de Gazastrook, onder wie 39 kinderen. In Israël zijn tien mensen om het leven gekomen, onder wie twee kinderen.

Bombardementen

Bij Israëlische bombardementen kwamen vannacht en vandaag tot dusver 15 Palestijnen om het leven, zeggen medici tegen Reuters, onder wie een vrouw en vier van haar kinderen. Dat gebeurde bij een bombardement op een vluchtelingenkamp. Ook vijf anderen kwamen om het leven. Israël zegt dat het een appartement heeft geraakt dat door Hamas werd gebruikt.

Militanten van Hamas vuren al de hele dag raketten af op Israël. In een aantal Israëlische plaatsen en steden ging vandaag meerdere keren het luchtalarm af, berichten Israëlische media. In de plaats Ramat Gan, ten oosten van Tel Aviv, kwam een man om het leven toen zijn huis werd geraakt door scherven van een raket.

Na de aanval op het kantoor in Gaza-Stad heeft Hamas gedreigd met aanvallen op Tel Aviv. “De inwoners van Tel Aviv moeten zich voorbereiden op een reactie die de aarde zal doen schudden”, zegt een woordvoerder volgens lokale media.

EINDE BERICHT
THE RIGHTS FORUMTIENTALLEN DODEN IN GAZA NA ISRAELISCHEBOMBARDEMENTEN8 MEI 2021
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/tientallen-doden-in-gaza-na-israelische-bombardementen/

Waarvoor velen vreesden is gebeurd. De Israëlische provocaties in Jeruzalem leidden maandagavond tot raketbeschietingen van Hamas op Israël en Israëlische bombardementen op de Gazastrook. In Gaza vielen 27 doden, onder wie negen kinderen. In Israël vonden twee vrouwen de dood. De beschietingen houden ook vandaag aan.

De vrees voor meer geweld die wij maandag in ons artikel over Jeruzalem uitspraken, werd nog diezelfde dag bewaarheid. In de vooravond schoot de militaire tak van Hamas na een ultimatum aan Israël vanuit de Gazastrook zeven raketten af. Israël antwoordde met bombardementen op de strook, waarna de wederzijdse beschietingen escaleerden. Ook vandaag houdt het geweld aan.

In Gaza vielen 27 doden, onder wie negen kinderen, en meer dan honderd gewonden. In Ashkelon vonden twee Israëlische vrouwen de dood. Daar en in andere plaatsen in Zuid-Israël raakten circa veertig Israëli’s gewond, van wie er één in kritieke toestand zou verkeren. In de Israëlische stad Lod werd tijdens een demonstratie een Palestijnse Israëli gedood door een Joodse inwoner.

Escalatie

Het ultimatum van de Al-Qassam-brigades, de militaire tak van Hamas, volgde op een nieuwe bestorming door Israëlische troepen van de Al-Aqsa-moskee in bezet Oost-Jeruzalem, en provocaties van Israëlische politici in de wijk Sheikh Jarrah in hetzelfde stadsdeel, waar 78 Palestijnse families hun woningen dreigen te worden uitgezet ten gunste van Israëlische kolonisten. In de namiddag dreigde Al-Qassam met vergelding als Israël niet voor zes uur ‘s avonds zijn troepen zou hebben teruggetrokken uit het gebied rond de Al-Aqsa-moskee en de wijk Sheikh Jarrah. Ook werd de vrijlating geëist van alle recent in Jeruzalem gearresteerde Palestijnen. Israël negeerde de eisen.

Even na zes uur maakten de brigades bekend vanuit de Gazastrook een aantal raketten te hebben afgeschoten in de richting van Jeruzalem. In de stad klonk het luchtalarm en werd het parlement kort ontruimd. Israëlische media maakten melding van zes raketten die de stad niet hadden bereikt en geen schade hadden aangericht. Een zevende werd onderschept door de Iron Dome-luchtafweer. Israël reageerde met bombardementen op Gaza. Het beschieten van Israëlische bevolkingscentra met raketten is een oorlogsmisdaad, zoals door mensenrechtenorganisaties als Human Rights Watch veelvuldig onderstreept, en hetzelfde geldt voor Israëlische bombardementen die niet op militaire doelen gericht zijn.

Het was de opmaat tot een nacht van wederzijdse beschietingen en bombardementen. Rond middernacht waren volgens het Israëlische leger 150 raketten op Israël afgeschoten door de Al-Qassam-brigades en Islamitische Jihad, die veelal door Iron Dome waren onderschept en nauwelijks schade aanrichtten. Eén Israëli raakte gewond toen zijn auto werd geraakt door een anti-tankraket. In de vroege dinsdagochtend werden raketten afgeschoten op de Israëlische stad Ashkelon en later ook op andere plaatsen, waaronder Ashdod. In beide steden zouden gebouwen zijn geraakt. Daar vielen ook de twee Israëlische doden en de meeste Israëlische gewonden.

Een woordvoerder van het Israëlische leger maakte vanochtend bekend dat Israël 130 aanvallen op militaire doelen in de Gazastrook had uitgevoerd met gevechtsvliegtuigen en -helikopters. Daarbij zouden 15 commandanten van Hamas en Islamitische Jihad zijn omgekomen. Volgens het ministerie van Gezondheid in Gaza en journalisten ter plaatse kwamen echter ook negen kinderen om het leven. Israël heeft de Gazastrook volledig afgesloten van de aanvoer van hulpgoederen.

Bestorming Al-Aqsa-moskee

De escalatie volgt op weken van Israëlische provocaties en geweld tegen Palestijnen in bezet Oost-Jeruzalem. De dreigende huisuitzettingen in Sheikh Jarrah en andere wijken en het geweld tegen Palestijnse demonstranten en tegen gelovigen in de Al-Aqsa-moskee kregen harde internationale kritiek.

Maandagochtend bestormden Israëlische troepen opnieuw met grof geweld het complex rond de Al-Aqsa-moskee. Daarbij raakten gelovigen, verzameld voor het ochtendgebed, ingesloten. Op beelden is te zien hoe de Israëlische politie traangas en schokgranaten op de duizenden bezoekers afschiet. Palestijnen schreeuwden om hulp via de luidsprekers op de minaret. Bij de bestorming raakten 305 Palestijnen gewond, van wie er 228 naar ziekenhuizen werden vervoerd.

In de middag bezochten de parlementsleden Itamar Ben-Gvir en Bezalel Smotrich van de partij Religieus Zionisme de wijk Sheikh Jarrah. Beiden zijn notoire ophitsers, die Palestijnen als minderwaardig aan Joden beschouwen en het liefst vandaag nog alle Palestijnen uit Jeruzalem zien vertrekken. Alleen al hun aanwezigheid is voldoende om de gemoederen te verhitten.

Elders in de stad maakten grote groepen religieus-nationalistische Israëli’s zich op voor de jaarlijkse ‘vlaggenparade’ door de Oude Stad van Oost-Jeruzalem ter gelegenheid van ‘Jeruzalemdag’, de viering van de Israëlische bezetting van Oost-Jeruzalem in 1967. De parade gaat altijd gepaard met provocaties en geweld, en gezien de explosieve situatie had afgelasting door de autoriteiten voor de hand gelegen. Pas op het laatste moment pasten die de geheel door veiligheidstroepen afgezette route enigszins aan. Halverwege de tocht werden de organisatoren door de politie opgeroepen de parade te ontbinden wegens het ultimatum van Al-Qassam. De meeste deelnemers zetten de tocht niettemin voort. Tot botsingen met Palestijnen kwam het dit keer niet.

‘s Avonds vielen Israëlische troepen opnieuw het complex rond de Al-Aqsa-moskee aan – de derde aanval na vrijdagavond en maandagochtend –, waarbij opnieuw zwaar geweld werd gebruikt. Naar verluidt raakten vijfhonderd gelovigen ingesloten in de Qibli-moskee op het terrein. Volgens de Palestijnse Rode Halve Maan raakten maandag in Jeruzalem in totaal 520 Palestijnen gewond, van wie er 333 in het ziekenhuis behandeld moesten worden.

Olie op het vuur

Dat Israël geenszins van plan is het geweld en de provocaties in Jeruzalem te staken maakten de autoriteiten gisteren in alle toonaarden duidelijk. Israëls hoofd van politie Kobi Shabtai liet weten dat de politie tot dusver uiterst ‘terughoudend’ had geopereerd, maar die houding nu liet varen: ‘De kinderhandschoenen gaan uit.’

Premier Benjamin Netanyahu maakte bekend dat de regering het optreden van de politie voluit steunt. Hij stelde het geweld in Jeruzalem voor als ‘een gevecht om het hart van Jeruzalem tussen [de krachten van] intolerantie en tolerantie, tussen gewelddadige wetsovertreders en law and order’. Het geweld van de veiligheidsdiensten is volgens hem bedoeld om ‘de rechten van iedereen te verzekeren’.

In een telefoongesprek met zijn Amerikaanse collega Jake Sullivan voer Israëls nationaal veiligheidsadviseur Meir Ben-Shabbat eenzelfde koers. Hij kapittelde Sullivan, die in voorzichtige bewoordingen bezorgdheid over het Israëlische optreden in Jeruzalem uitte. Die bezorgdheid is een ‘beloning voor de oproerkraaiers’, aldus Ben-Shabbat. Sullivan zou zich met zijn kritiek juist tot ‘degenen die tot het geweld hebben aangezet’ moeten wenden. Het Israëlische optreden was juist ‘verantwoord en gebaseerd op gezond verstand, ondanks de provocaties’.

Intussen gooide ook het Israëlische parlement olie op het vuur. Maandag gaf het ook bij tweede stemming goedkeuring aan een wetsvoorstel dat de ‘legalisering’ van zeventig zogenoemde ‘buitenposten’ op de bezette Westelijke Jordaanoever beoogt. Deze outposts zijn niet alleen onder internationaal recht, maar ook volgens de Israëlische wet illegaal. Wordt het voorstel wet – daarvoor is nog één stemronde nodig–, dan voegt Israël officieel zeventig kolonies (‘nederzettingen’) aan zijn totaal toe. Opmerkelijk is dat de buitenposten in het Israëlische spraakgebruik een naamsverandering hebben ondergaan: ze worden tegenwoordig aangeduid als ‘jonge nederzettingen’. Na hun ‘legalisering’ zullen ze zonder twijfel snel worden uitgebouwd tot ‘volwassen nederzettingen’.

Protesten waaieren uit

De protesten tegen het Israëlische optreden in Oost-Jeruzalem hebben inmiddels ook tal van steden in Israël bereikt. De afgelopen dagen vonden in meerdere steden demonstraties van Palestijnse Israëli’s plaats, en maandagavond gingen in onder meer Nazareth, Jaffa, Haifa, Umm al-Fahm, Ramla, Lod en Shaqib al-Salam grote aantallen Palestijnen de straat op. In veel steden leidde dat tot botsingen met de politie, waarbij gewonden vielen en 46 Palestijnse demonstranten zouden zijn gearresteerd. In Lod werd een Palestijnse Israëli door een Joodse inwoner gedood.

Ook op de door Israël bezette Westelijke Jordaanoever werd geprotesteerd, onder meer in Hebron, Bethlehem, Nablus, Tulkarm, Jenin, Qalqiliya en Tubas. Bij botsingen met Israëlische troepen vielen veel gewonden. Twee Palestijnen liepen schotwonden op.

Het heeft er alle schijn van dat Israël met zijn gewelddadige en provocerende optreden in Jeruzalem een brug heeft geslagen die de Palestijnen in Israël, Oost-Jeruzalem, Gaza en de Westoever met elkaar verbindt. Grenzen, muren en politieke verdeeldheid maken plaats voor solidariteit, gebaseerd op de discriminatie of zelfs onderdrukking die zij dagelijks ervaren en het grote historische onrecht en leed dat hen collectief is aangedaan.

EINDE BERICHT

[8]
7 – Parties to a conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants in order to

spare civilian population and property. Neither the civilian population as such nor civilian persons shall be the

object of attack. Attacks shall be directed solely against military objectives.”

BASIC RULES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW IN ARMED

CONFLICTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/misc/basic-rules-ihl-311288.htm

The seven fundamental rules which are the basis of the Geneva Conventions and the Additional Protocols.  

 
 1 – Persons hors de combat and those who do not take a direct part in hostilities are entitled to respect for their

lives and their moral and physical integrity. They shall in all circumstances be protected and treated humanely

without any adverse distinction.

 2 – It is forbidden to kill or injure an enemy who surrenders or who is hors de combat .

 3 – The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for by the party to the conflict which has them in its power.

Protection also covers medical personnel, establishments, transports and equipment. The emblem of the red

cross or the red crescent is the sign of such protection and must be respected.

 4 – Captured combatants and civilians under the authority of an adverse party are entitled to respect for their lives,dignity, personal rights and convictions. They shall be protected against all acts of violence and reprisals. They shall have the right to correspond with their families and to receive relief.

 5 – Everyone shall be entitled to benefit from fundamental judicial guarantees. No one shall be held responsible for an act he has not committed. No one shall be subjected to physical or mental torture, corporal punishment or cruel or degrading treatment.

 6 – Parties to a conflict and members of their armed forces do not have an unlimited choice of methods and means of warfare. It is prohibited to employ weapons or methods of warfare of a nature to cause unnecessary losses or excessive suffering.

 7 – Parties to a conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants in order to

spare civilian population and property. Neither the civilian population as such nor civilian persons shall be the

object of attack. Attacks shall be directed solely against military objectives.

EINDE BERICHT

[9]

”Volgens het Palestijnse ministerie van Volksgezondheid zijn sinds maandag 197 Palestijnen om het leven gekomen, onder wie 58 kinderen. Ook zijn er zeker 1235 gewonden gevallen.NOSUREN NA TOESPRAAK NETANYAHU OPNIEUW ISRAELISCHE LUCHTAANVALLEN OP GAZA
https://nos.nl/collectie/13864/artikel/2381067-uren-na-toespraak-netanyahu-opnieuw-israelische-luchtaanvallen-op-gaza

Het Israëlische leger heeft vannacht opnieuw luchtaanvallen uitgevoerd op meerdere plekken in Gaza-Stad. In een korte verklaring spreekt het leger van “uitgebreide aanvallen” op “terroristische doelwitten” in de Gazastrook. Volgens Israël is daarbij 15 kilometer aan Hamas-tunnels vernietigd en negen woningen van vermoedelijke Hamas-commandanten.

Een vooraanstaande commandant van Islamitische Jihad is ook gedood bij een luchtaanval, meldt persbureau Reuters op basis van een bron binnen de groep en het Israëlische leger. Het leger houdt deze Abu Harbeed verantwoordelijk voor een reeks aanslagen met anti-tank-raketten.

Ook vanuit Gaza zijn vannacht raketten afgevuurd op Israëlische doelen. Volgens Israëlische media waren onder meer de zuidelijke steden Ashkelon en Beër Sjeva doelwit. Het is nog onduidelijk hoe groot de schade aan beide kanten is. Ook is er nog niets gemeld over slachtoffers.

Sponsfabriek

In Gaza-Stad is in ieder geval één gebouw zwaar beschadigd. Bewoners zeggen tegen persbureau AP dat ze tien minuten voor de aanval zijn gewaarschuwd door het Israëlische leger, waardoor iedereen tijdig naar buiten kon komen. Veel van de luchtaanvallen door Israël troffen volgens hen akkers in de buurt.

Ook een sponsfabriek in Gaza werd geraakt door een luchtaanval. De brandweer probeert de grote brand die daarna uitbrak al uren onder controle te krijgen.

Volgens persbureau AP waren afgelopen nacht ongeveer tien minuten explosies te horen, en waren de luchtaanvallen zwaarder dan die op Gaza van dit weekend. In de nacht van zaterdag op zondag vielen daarbij volgens Palestijnse gezondheidsautoriteiten zeker 42 doden.

‘Zo lang als nodig’

Premier Netanyahu van Israël had gisteravond al aangekondigd dat de militaire operatie van het Israëlische leger tegen Hamas-doelen in de Gazastrook voorlopig niet voorbij zou zijn. Hamas is de militante organisatie die sinds 2007 de macht heeft in Gaza. Netanyahu zei dat het Israëlische leger “zo lang als nodig” actie zal ondernemen om de rust te herstellen.

Zaterdagavond had de Israëlische premier zich in soortgelijke bewoordingen uitgelaten. Daarop reageerde Hamas-leider Ismail Haniyeh dat het verzet van Hamas niet is gebroken.

Staakt-het-vuren

Ondertussen neemt de internationale druk toe om tot een staakt-het-vuren te komen. Zo spraken de vijftien leden van de VN-Veiligheidsraad gisteren in een digitale bijeenkomst hun zorgen uit over het escalerende conflict tussen Israël en de Palestijnen.

De raad slaagde er echter opnieuw niet in om met een gezamenlijke verklaring over het geweld te komen. Tot nu toe heeft de Amerikaanse delegatie zo’n verklaring tegengehouden. De Amerikanen zouden vrezen dat een veroordeling van het geweld hun bemiddeling tussen de twee partijen zou bemoeilijken. Zaterdag landde de Amerikaanse topdiplomaat Hady Amr in Tel Aviv, met als doel de partijen om de tafel te krijgen.

President Biden zei gisteravond in een vooraf opgenomen video dat zijn regering met Israëliërs en Palestijnen werkt aan “blijvende rust”. Beide partijen verdienen het om in veiligheid en zekerheid te leven en in dezelfde mate te genieten van vrijheid, welvaart en democratie, zei hij.

“Israël heeft denk ik nog een paar dagen de tijd gekregen van Amerika om zijn lijstje van doelwitten af te werken”, zei correspondent Ankie Rechess in het NOS Radio 1 Journaal. “De internationale druk wordt ook opgevoerd op Israël, dus het lijkt eigenlijk dat er een bestand of een wapenstilstand aan zit te komen.”

“Het gevaarlijkste moment is nu, want voordat een bestand er is, wil iedereen nog even doorgaan met laten zien wie de overwinning heeft gehaald”, aldus Rechess. “Als er dan een of andere aanval komt, van welke zijde dan ook, die een hoop slachtoffers eist, dan zijn we weer terug bij af en dan gaat het geweld gewoon weer door.”

Zware gevechten

Het conflict tussen Israël en Palestijnse militanten in de Gazastrook laaide een week geleden op, met luchtaanvallen over en weer. Het zijn de zwaarste gevechten sinds de Gaza-oorlog van 2014.

Volgens het Palestijnse ministerie van Volksgezondheid zijn sinds maandag 197 Palestijnen om het leven gekomen, onder wie 58 kinderen. Ook zijn er zeker 1235 gewonden gevallen. Aan Israëlische zijde zijn de afgelopen week tot nu toe tien doden gevallen, onder wie twee kinderen, meldt persbureau Reuters.

EINDE BERICHT
”Het gezondheidsministerie van Gaza meldde zondag dat er 197 Palestijnen zijn omgekomen, onder wie 58 kinderen. ”

VOLKSKRANTBIDEN SPREEKT ZICH IN TELEFOONGESPREK METNETANYAHU UIT VOOR WAPENSTILSTAND18 MEI 2021
https://www.volkskrant.nl/nieuws-achtergrond/biden-spreekt-in-telefoongesprek-met-netanyahu-steun-uit-voor-wapenstilstand~b187c777/

De Amerikaanse president Biden heeft zijn steun uitgesproken voor een wapenstilstand tussen Israël en Hamas. Biden liet dit de Israëlische premier Netanyahu maandag weten in een telefoongesprek. Het is voor het eerst dat Biden Israël zo duidelijk laat weten dat hij voorstander is van een staakt-het-vuren.

Biden staat onder druk, onder andere van progressieve partijgenoten in het Congres, om zich hard te maken voor een onmiddellijke wapenstilstand. In het gesprek met Netanyahu is hij echter niet zo ver gegaan. Ook heeft hij Israël niet opgeroepen om in te stemmen met een staakt-het-vuren.

Bij de luchtaanvallen over en weer tussen Israël en Gaza zijn inmiddels meer dan 200 mensen gedood. Het gezondheidsministerie van Gaza meldde zondag dat er 197 Palestijnen zijn omgekomen, onder wie 58 kinderen. Ook zijn er meer dan duizend gewonden gevallen. De Israëlische autoriteiten hebben een totaal van 10 Israëlische slachtoffers gemeld. Steeds meer partijen dringen aan op een staakt-het-vuren, maar een einde van het conflict lijkt vooralsnog niet in zicht.

Op maandag werden, voor de tweede keer in vijf dagen, raketten vanuit Libanon afgevuurd op het noorden van Israël. Volgens het Israëlische leger kwamen de zes raketten terecht in Zuid-Libanon. Israël bestookte het gebied van waaruit de raketten waren afgevuurd korte tijd met artillerie. Wie verantwoordelijk is voor de aanval, is nog onduidelijk.

Verwoesting onmiskenbaar

De verwoestende gevolgen van de Israëlische luchtaanvallen op de Gazastrook zijn na een week onmiskenbaar. Zeker 2.500 burgers zijn dakloos geworden, vele tienduizenden zijn hun huis ontvlucht. De burgemeester van Gaza-Stad, Yahya Sarraj, zei tegen Al Jazeera dat de wegen en infrastructuur ernstig zijn beschadigd, wat het steeds moeilijker maakt de slachtoffers te bereiken. ‘Als de aanvallen doorgaan, verwachten we dat de omstandigheden verslechteren.’

Zo’n 42 duizend Palestijnen in de Gazastrook zijn op de vlucht geslagen voor de aanhoudende Israëlische bombardementen. Dat meldt het UNRWA, de VN-organisatie die hulp biedt aan Palestijnse vluchtelingen in het Midden-Oosten. Inwoners verlaten hun huizen op zoek naar een veilige plaats in het arme en dichtbevolkte kustgebied, waar twee miljoen mensen wonen. De organisatie heeft vijftig scholen opengesteld om onderdak te bieden aan de vluchtelingen.

De bombardementen hebben ook het elektriciteitsnet beschadigd, waardoor grote delen van de Gazastrook zonder stroom zitten. Een woordvoerder van het elektriciteitsbedrijf zei tegen persbureau AP dat nu de toevoer van brandstof stilligt hij nog maar genoeg heeft om Gaza twee of drie dagen van stroom te voorzien. De inwoners beschikken gewoonlijk enkele uren per dag over elektriciteit.

Luchtaanvallen

Israël voerde in de nacht van zondag op maandag opnieuw een reeks bombardementen uit op verschillende locaties in Gaza-Stad. Volgens inwoners waren het de zwaarste luchtaanvallen tot nu toe. Het Israëlische leger meldt de woningen van negen Hamas-commandanten en 15 kilometer aan ondergrondse tunnels, die Hamas en andere militante groeperingen gebruiken, te hebben vernietigd. Bij de luchtaanvallen is een hooggeplaatste commandant, Hussam Abu Harbeed, van de militante groep Islamitische Jihad omgekomen. Het Israëlische leger hield hem verantwoordelijk voor een deel van de raketaanvallen op Israël.

Staakt-het-vuren

De wereldwijde roep om een staakt-het-vuren neemt toe. In een televisieoptreden zei de Egyptische minister van Buitenlandse Zaken maandag samen met internationale partners hard te werken aan een bestand. Hij benadrukte dat Egypte hoopt dat de Verenigde Staten zich zullen inzetten voor een politieke oplossing voor het conflict.

De VS blokkeerden maandag opnieuw, voor de derde keer, een voorstel voor een verklaring van de Veiligheidsraad van de VN, waarin ‘grote bezorgdheid’ zou worden geuit over het conflict en het toenemend aantal slachtoffers. Met deze stap van Washington, Israëls belangrijkste bondgenoot, is zo’n unanieme verklaring van alle vijftien leden van de Veiligheidsraad voorlopig van de baan.

De Amerikaanse regering keerde zich ook tegen oproepen van onder andere Democraten in het Congres voor een direct staakt-het-vuren tussen Israël en Hamas. President Bidens woordvoerder, en zijn nationale veiligheidsadviseur benadrukten dat Washington de voorkeur gaf aan ‘stille maar intensieve diplomatie’ om de strijd te beëindigen.

De Franse president Macron en de Egyptische president El-Sissi hebben elkaar maandag gesproken en hun gedeelde zorgen over het geweld geuit. Het Elysée bevestigde haar steun voor de Egyptische pogingen tot bemiddeling.

De Turkse president Erdogan belde paus Franciscus maandag met de vraag of hij wil helpen ‘de massamoord op Palestijnen in de Gazastrook te stoppen’. Erdogan wil een internationale coalitie vormen die Israël met sancties onder druk kan zetten. Paus Franciscus zei zondag dat het verlies van onschuldige levens in de Gazastrook ‘afgrijselijk en onaanvaardbaar’ is, en riep op tot een einde aan het geweld. De paus ontmoette maandag ook de Iraanse minister van Buitenlandse Zaken, die op werkbezoek was in Rome.

EINDE BERICHT

[10]

HLN.BEGEWELD ESCALEERT VERDER: ”TWEE VROUWEN GEDOOD BIJRAKETAANVAL VANUIT GAZASTROOK”11 MEI 2021
https://www.hln.be/buitenland/geweld-in-israel-escaleert-verder-twee-vrouwen-gedood-bij-raketaanval-vanuit-gazastrook~a6f78164/?referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.nl%2F

Twee Israëlische vrouwen zijn in de kuststad Ashkelon omgekomen door raketaanvallen vanuit de Gazastrook, melden de hulpdiensten. Het zijn de eerste dodelijke slachtoffers aan Israëlische kant sinds beide partijen elkaar bestoken. Aan Palestijnse zijde zouden al 26 mensen zijn omgekomen.

De Israëlische vrouwen overleden toen raketten hun huizen raakten. Het is vrij uitzonderlijk dat mensen in Israël overlijden door projectielen die door de Palestijnen worden afgeschoten. Een raketschild houdt veel raketten tegen, maar het verdedigingssysteem zou niet bestand zijn tegen het grote aantal raketten, mogelijk wel honderd. Ashkelon zou in een tijdsbestek van nog geen halfuur met zeventig raketten zijn bestookt.

Hamas zal worden geraakt op manieren die het niet verwachtIsraëlische premier Benjamin Netanyahu

Ook de stad Ashdod, 40 kilometer ten zuiden van Tel Aviv, is doelwit. In beide plaatsen zijn volgens de politie in totaal acht gebouwen geraakt, waaronder een lege school. Volgens media vielen er bij de aanvallen meer dan dertig gewonden. De militaire vleugel van Hamas, dat de Gazastrook bestuurt, heeft de verantwoordelijkheid opgeëist.

Palestijnse kinderen gedood

Het Israëlische leger heeft als vergelding zeker 140 keer doelen in de Gazastrook aangevallen en treft voorbereidingen de strook weer met grondtroepen binnen te vallen. Door luchtaanvallen op de Gazastrook zouden zeker 26 mensen zijn gedood, onder wie negen kinderen, en ruim 125 mensen gewond zijn geraakt.

Premier Benjamin Netanyahu kondigde na het nieuws over de dode vrouwen aan dat zowel de kracht als de frequentie van de Israëlische aanvallen tegen Hamas wordt verhoogd. “Sinds gisteren heeft het leger honderden aanvallen op Hamas en de Islamitische Jihad uitgevoerd in de Gazastrook en we gaan de kracht van onze aanvallen nog opdrijven”, zei Netanyahu in een video die door zijn diensten werd verspreid. Hij voegde eraan toe dat Hamas “een aframmeling zal krijgen waaraan het zich niet verwacht”.

De Palestijnse Hamas-beweging heeft dan weer gedreigd van Ashkelon “een hel” te maken als Israël doorgaat met aanvallen. De als terroristisch bestempelde beweging begon met de raketaanvallen in reactie op rellen in Jeruzalem, waar tientallen Palestijnen uit hun woning dreigen te worden gezet.

De Europese Unie en de Verenigde Staten hebben de recente raketaanvallen op Israël veroordeeld en geëist dat het geweld op de bezette Westelijke Jordaanoever en in de Gazastrook ophoudt. 

Ook België roept op om het geweld te stoppen. “Het geweld in Oost-Jeruzalem is onaanvaardbaar. België roept op tot respect voor de status quo van de heilige plaatsen, het internationaal recht en de mensenrechten. We veroordelen het afvuren van raketten vanuit Gaza en de Israëlische raids. We roepen op tot onmiddellijke de-escalatie”, schrijft minister van Buitenlandse Zaken Sophie Wilmès (MR) op Twitter.

EINDE BERICHT

[11]

”Ook zijn er meer dan duizend gewonden gevallen. De Israëlische autoriteiten hebben een totaal van 10 Israëlische slachtoffers gemeld. ”VOLKSKRANTBIDEN SPREEKT ZICH IN TELEFOONGESPREK METNETANYAHU UIT VOOR WAPENSTILSTAND18 MEI 2021
https://www.volkskrant.nl/nieuws-achtergrond/biden-spreekt-in-telefoongesprek-met-netanyahu-steun-uit-voor-wapenstilstand~b187c777/

[12]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALAMNESTY INTERNATIONALISRAEL/OPT:CYCLE OF IMPUNITY LEAVES CIVILIANS ONCE AGAIN PAYINGTHE PRICE AMID ESCALATION OF HOSTILITIES
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2021/05/israel-opt-cycle-of-impunity-leaves-civilians-once-again-paying-the-price-amid-escalation-of-hostilities/

12 May 2021, 19:03 UTC

Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza must not repeat violations of international humanitarian law that led to killing and maiming of civilians and destruction of homes and infrastructure in previous rounds of fighting, said Amnesty International today.  

Since 10 May Palestinian armed groups have fired more than 1,500 rockets towards civilian areas in central Israel and towns near the Gaza border killing and injuring civilians. Israeli forces have carried out air strikes killing and injuring civilians in Gaza. They have also damaged or destroyed at least two residential buildings housing tens of Palestinian families and one office building in Gaza, in targeted attacks amounting to collective punishment of the Palestinian population. In total at least 53 people, including 14 children, in Gaza and seven people in Israel have been killed in the violence.

“The intensification of armed hostilities between Israel and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza raises fears of a further spike in civilian bloodshed and destruction of homes and infrastructure over the coming days. All sides in the conflict have an absolute obligation to protect civilians. They must remember that there is an active investigation before the International Criminal Court and must not assume they will enjoy past impunity for violations,” said Saleh Higazi, Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International. 

“This escalation is reminiscent of horrific hostilities from 2008, 2012, and 2014 where civilians bore the brunt of the suffering, with massive death and destruction in Gaza, which has been under an illegal blockade amounting to collective punishment since 2007.

“Both Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups have carried out war crimes and other violations with impunity. Israel has a deplorable record of carrying out unlawful attacks in Gaza killing and injuring civilians including war crimes and crimes against humanity. Palestinian armed groups have also committed violations of international humanitarian law with impunity.”

 Amnesty International has consistently condemned indiscriminate rocket fire by Palestinian armed groups.

“Firing rockets which cannot be accurately aimed into populated areas can amount to a war crime and endangers civilian lives on both sides of the Israel/ Gaza border,” said Saleh Higazi.

In Israel a 50-year-old Palestinian citizen of Israel and his 15-year-old daughter were killed in a suspected rocket attack in the unrecognized village Dohmosh outside the city of Lydda in central Israel. The community does not have access to shelters, and the alarm system of sirens warning of oncoming projectiles from Gaza does not function in these communities.

Collective punishment

In Gaza, Israeli forces carried out attacks on a number of residential buildings from the early hours of 11 May. One 13-storey high rise residential building – Hanadi Residential Tower – was completely destroyed and reduced to rubble. Civilians had been warned to evacuate the area before it was hit. Al-Jawhara office building was also severely damaged on and Al-Shurouq building was also destroyed and reduced to rubble on 12 May. Other buildings were partially damaged as specific apartments were targeted.

“Deliberate targeting of civilian objects and extensive, unjustified destruction of property are war crimes. Destroying entire multi-storey homes making tens of families homeless amounts to collective punishment of the Palestinian population and is a breach of international law,” said Saleh Higazi.

“Even if part of a building is being used for military purposes Israeli authorities have an obligation to choose means and methods of attack that would minimize risks posed to civilians and their property.”

An attack targeting an apartment on the top floor of the seven- storey “Tiba Apartments” building killed one woman and her son, a 19-year old with special needs, who lived on the floor below. 

An attack on the 14-storey residential tower called “al-Jundi al-Majhoul” killed three Palestinian members of Islamic Jihad. One civilian resident in the building who was woken up by the attack said:  

“The building was shaking crazily… When we got to the windows…we saw everyone looking at us and then people screaming ‘vacate the building immediately’ because it was hit… minutes afterwards I was outside, with people pulling me away from danger … which now feels funny to say, as we have no idea where a safe place would be to seek refuge in.

“So far [the building] hasn’t [ been destroyed], but the terror of the thought alone is enough. We haven’t slept a wink, the strikes have been non-stop. I have a two and a half year old daughter and this is her first war, I was terrified myself and did not know what to do to calm her,” she said, adding “what drives me crazy, is that they can easily just target precisely whoever they want as they’ve done with our building, and yet they choose to level entire buildings to the ground. What does that tell you? I’m sure not an entire building is a security threat.” 

Amnesty International is calling on the international community, UN Security Council members – including the United States – to publicly denounce violations of humanitarian law and pressure all sides to the conflict to protect civilians. The United States needs to stop stalling and allow the UN Security Council to release a strong statement immediately. 

UN Security Council members must take a strong and public stand and immediately impose a comprehensive arms embargo on Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups with the aim of preventing further serious violations of international humanitarian law and human rights by the parties to the conflict,” said Saleh Higazi.

“The international community must also press Israel to address root causes of the latest flare up in violence which include longstanding impunity for war crimes and other serious violations of international law as well as Israel’s ongoing illegal settlement expansion, the blockade of Gaza, and the forcible eviction and dispossession of Palestinians such as those in Sheikh Jarrah.”

 EINDE BERICHT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

[13]AMNESTY INTERNATIONALSTOP DE ONDERDRUKKING VAN PALESTIJNEN BIJPROTESTEN IN BEZET OOST JERUZALEM10 MEI 2021
https://www.amnesty.nl/actueel/stop-de-onderdrukking-van-palestijnen-bij-protesten-in-bezet-oost-jeruzalem

De Israëlische veiligheidsdiensten hebben herhaaldelijk onaangekondigd en buitensporig geweld ingezet tegen Palestijnse demonstranten in het bezette Oost-Jeruzalem. Dit volgde op vier dagen vol geweld waarin 840 Palestijnen gewond raakten. Ook raakten volgens de Israëlische politie ten minste 21 Israëlische politieagenten en zeven Israëlische burgers gewond.

De Palestijnen demonstranten protesteren tegen gedwongen huisuitzettingen in de wijk Sheikh Jarrah. Amnesty International roept de Israëlische autoriteiten op onmiddellijk een einde te maken aan deze huisuitzettingen, en aan het voortdurende verdrijven van Palestijnen uit Oost-Jeruzalem.

Bij de laatste escalatie vuurden gewapende Palestijnse groepen raketten af op Israël. Daarbij raakte ten minste een Israëli gewond. Er zijn berichten dat bij wraakaanvallen door Israël op Gaza verschillende mensen omkwamen. Amnesty International roept alle partijen op om het internationale humanitaire recht te respecteren en alle mogelijke voorzorgsmaatregelen te treffen om burgerslachtoffers te voorkomen.

Grof en lichtzinnig geweld

‘Bewijs dat Amnesty International heeft verzameld, toont een angstaanjagend patroon van Israëlische troepen die de afgelopen dagen grof en lichtzinnig geweld gebruikten tegen grotendeels vreedzame Palestijnse demonstranten’, zegt Saleh Higazi van Amnesty International. ‘Sommige van de mensen die gewond raakten bij het geweld in Oost-Jeruzalem waren omstanders of mensen die aan Ramadan-gebeden meededen.

‘Dit recente geweld laat weer eens  duidelijk zien hoe de illegale Israëlische campagne van uitbreiding van de Israëlische nederzettingen voortduurt, en dat er een toename is van gedwongen uitzettingen van Palestijnse bewoners – zoals in Sheikh Jarrah – om plaats te maken voor Israëlische kolonisten. Deze gedwongen uitzettingen maken deel uit van een voortdurend patroon in Sheikh Jarrah. Het zijn grove schendingen van het internationale recht en  oorlogsmisdaden.’

Ooggetuigenverslagen en video’s en foto’s die Amnesty-onderzoekers maakten laten zien hoe de Israëlische troepen tijdens gewelddadige aanvallen op de al-Aqsa-moskee herhaaldelijk buitenproportioneel en onwettig geweld gebruikten om demonstranten uiteen te jagen. Ook voerden ze willekeurige aanvallen uit op vreedzame demonstranten in Sheikh Jarrah.

Onwettig gebruik van geweld

Sinds het begin van de Ramadan op 13 april liepen de spanningen in Oost-Jeruzalem op. Palestijnen protesteerden tegen de Israëlische beperkingen die hun toegang tot de hoofdingang tot de Oude Stad beperkten. Op 26 april trokken de Israëlische autoriteiten deze beperkingen weer in, als antwoord op de voortdurende demonstraties. Daarnaast zijn mensen kwaad over de aanstaande plannen om vier Palestijnse gezinnen uit Sheikh Jarrah uit hun huis te zetten om plaats te maken voor Israëlische kolonisten.

Op 7 mei bereikten de spanningen hun kookpunt, toen meer dan 170 Palestijnen gewond raakten bij een aanval van Israëlische troepen op de al-Aqsa-moskee in een poging biddende mensen en demonstranten uiteen te jagen. Daarbij schoten ze met 40mm kinetic impact projectiles (KIPs) en concussion granaten op het publiek, dat bijeen was gekomen voor het laatste vrijdaggebed van de Ramadan.

Een Palestijnse journalist die ter plekke was, beschrijft hoe Israëlische soldaten tekeer gingen en projectielen en traangas afvuurden. Hij vertelde ook hoe ze de kliniek bij de moskee bestormden en demonstranten sloegen. Hij zei tegen Amnesty: ‘Ik doe al 10 jaar verslag van gebeurtenissen in Jeruzalem… En ik ben nog nooit in mijn hele leven zo bang geweest. Iedereen was doelwit. Ik zou willen zeggen dat de beschietingen willekeurig waren, maar dat zou een leugen zijn. Ze wisten precies op wie en wat ze hun kogels en granaten richtten. De meeste mensen werden beschoten in hun bovenlichamen (ogen, gezicht, borst).’ De journalist werd zelf ook geraakt in zijn rug, terwijl hij zijn camera omhoog hield en probeerde het gebied te verlaten.

Als reactie gooiden demonstranten bij al-Aqsa stenen en staken ze vuren aan, terwijl de Israëlische strijdkrachten op paarden en in gevechtsuitrusting schoten met schokgranaten om hen af te schrikken.

Bestorming van 10 mei

Op 10 mei raakten meer dan 300 Palestijnse demonstranten gewond toen de Israëlische strijdkrachten voor de tweede keer in een paar dagen het gebied rond de al-Aqsa-moskee bestormden. Een woordvoerder van de Rode Halve Maan vertelde Amnesty dat het geweld had geleid tot de ziekenhuisopname van ten minste 250 Palestijnen. Zeven van hen verkeren in kritieke toestand.

Een ooggetuige vertelde hoe Israëlische soldaten ramen braken en traangas en schokgranaten afvuurden. De mensen in de gebouwen hadden moeite om nog te kunnen ademhalen.

Volgens een andere getuige ter plekke begonnen de Israëlische soldaten vanaf een dak traangas af te vuren, voordat meer troepen het al-Haram-plein bestormden vanuit de Magharbeh-toegangspoort. ‘Ze kwamen steeds dichterbij, en drukten mensen de al-Aqsa-moskee in. Ze sloten de deuren af met metalen kettingen… en braken vervolgens een raam om traangas naar de mensen binnen te gooien die letterlijk opgesloten zaten met weinig ruimte om te ademen of medische hulp te krijgen… Daarnaast begonnen ze ook nog rubberen kogels af te vuren op mensen die binnen aan het bidden waren’, zei hij.

Hij gaf ook aan gezien te hebben hoe Israëlische soldaten omstanders sloegen en auto’s stopten die gewonden wegbrachten. Ze namen foto’s van de gewonde mensen voordat ze verder mochten. Hij werd zelf in zijn borst geraakt toen hij naar een medische hulpverlener liep die zelf gewond was.

Sheihk Jarrah

De afgelopen week hielden Palestijnen in de Sheikh Jarrah-buurt iedere nacht demonstraties in reactie op de dreiging van aanstaande gedwongen huisuitzettingen. Amnesty documenteerde daarbij willekeurige arrestaties van vreedzame demonstranten, buitensporig geweld, het willekeurige gebruik van geluids- en schokgranaten en het willekeurig bespuiten van demonstranten en huizen met stinkwater (met de geur van stinkdieren) uit waterkanonnen.

Vier Palestijnse gezinnen uit de buurt lopen risico gedwongen hun huizen uit te worden gezet nadat een rechtbank in Jeruzalem hun beroep tegen een uitzettingsbevel afwees. Het kolonisten-bedrijf Nahalat Shimon International heeft verschillende rechtszaken aangespannen om de huizen van tientallen gezinnen in Sheikh Jarrah in beslag te nemen. Dit doen ze door discriminerend wetten te gebruiken, zoals de ‘Legale en Administratieve Zaken Wet’ en de ‘Wet over het Bezit van Afwezigen’ uit 1950. Op basis van deze wetten nemen ze Palestijns land of eigendom in beslag en dragen het over aan groepen kolonisten. Het gedwongen uitzetten van de bevolking die oner een bezetting leeft is verboden onder internationaal humanitaire recht en vormt een oorlogsmisdaad volgens het Statuut van Rome van het Internationale Strafhof.

Amnesty bij willekeurige aanval

Amnesty-onderzoekers zagen op 9 mei een willekeurige aanval van Israëlische troepen op een groep vreedzame demonstranten in Sheihk Jarrah. De Israëlische troepen kwamen aan kort voor iftar – de avondmaaltijd in de Ramadan. Na de maaltijd vormden een tiental vreedzame demonstranten een cirkel en begonnen ze leuzen te zingen tegen de plannen om Palestijnse gezinnen uit te zetten. De demonstranten waren ten minste tien meter verwijderd van de Israëlische soldaten, die dichtbij gestationeerd waren in het huis van een Israëlische kolonist. Kort daarna vielen de Israëlische troepen de demonstranten aan. Op paarden reden ze naar de menigte. Een man die hinkte van de pijn zei dat hij door de politiepaarden vertrapt was terwijl hij probeerde weg te rennen. Bewoners werden tegen de muren van hun huizen gedrukt en vijf mannen werden willekeurig gearresteerd.

De Israëlische soldaten begonnen de mensen te duwen en slaan – onder hen was een Amnesty-onderzoeker die de demonstratie aan het monitoren was. Rond 10 uur ’s avonds brachten ze waterkanonnen met stinkdierwater en geluidsgranaten en begonnen willekeurig te schieten op de demonstranten.

Arrestaties op 6 mei

Osama Dweik werd op 6 mei gearresteerd tijdens een nachtelijke demonstratie in Sheikh Jarrah, toen de Israëlische politie plotseling een groep demonstranten aanviel en hem meteen oppakte. Op het politiebureau zag hij hoe de politie vier Palestijnen die waren opgepakt bij opstanden bij de Damascus-poort en in Sheikh Jarrah trapten en sloegen met wapenstokken. Die nacht werden nog zeven andere mensen in Sheikh Jarrah opgepakt.

Geweld op 7 mei

Gil Hammerschlag, een Israëlische activist die op 7 mei demonstreerde tegen de gedwongen uitzettingen in Sheikh Jarrah, werd geduwd en getrapt door Israëlische soldaten die vanaf minder dan 10 meter afstand geluidsgranaten gooiden naar vreedzame demonstranten.

Op dezelfde dag werd een Palestijnse man van middelbare leeftijd in zijn dij geraakt door een schokgranaat. Een fotograaf die ook ter plekke was vertelde hoe Israëlische troepen, ook politie te paard, een vreedzame menigte aanviel nadat een van de demonstranten een waterfles naar hen had gegooid.

Boodschap van een bedreigde bewoner

Nabil el-Kurd is een van de bewoners die gedwongen zijn huis uitgezet kan worden in Sheikh Jarrah. Hij vertelde Amnesty International:

‘Sheikh Jarrah heeft een bericht voor de hele wereld, en voor de Amerikaanse regering, het parlement in het Verenigd Koninkrijk, het Franse parlement, het parlement van de EU, het Internationale Strafhof: wat er met ons gebeurt, is een oorlogsmisdaad. Het is niet slechts een uitzetting, maar een oorlogsmisdaad. Vergeet dat niet. Ik weet niet waarom de hele wereld toekijkt naar wat er gebeurt en Israël ermee weg laat komen. Het is tijd dat ze stoppen Israël te verwennen.’

Amnesty’s oproep

‘Amnesty-onderzoekers zagen afkeurenswaardig gedrag bij de veiligheidsdiensten in Sheikh Jarrah. Onder meer willekeurige aanvallen op vreedzame demonstranten die opkomen voor hun rechten en roepen om het respecteren van internationale wetgeving. De Israëlische autoriteiten de geplande huisuitzettingen onmiddellijk stoppen in plaats van de rechten van de bewoners van Sheikh Jarrah en activistennog verder te schenden’, zegt Saleh Higazi.

Amnesty International roept de internationale gemeenschap op om Israël ter verantwoording te roepen voor de systematische schendingen onder internationaal recht.

‘Israël mag niet doorgaan met deze razernij tegen Palestijnen die slechts hun bestaansrecht verdedigen en demonstreren tegen hun gedwongen uitzetting. Simpele uitingen van bezorgdheid over Israëls verontachtzaming van zijn verplichtingen onder internationaal recht zijn niet genoeg. Er moeten duidelijke en sterke afkeuringen komen van deze overduidelijke schendingen, zoals gedwongen uitzettingen, de uitbreiding van illegale nederzettingen en de wrede onderdrukking van mensen die demonstreren tegen deze ernstige schendingen.’

We roepen nu de leden van de VN-Veiligheidsraad op om een open sessie te organiseren, en de Speciale Coördinator voor het Vredesproces in het Midden-Oosten om de lidstaten te instrueren.

EINDE BERICHT

[14]

”Zo’n 42 duizend Palestijnen in de Gazastrook zijn op de vlucht geslagen voor de aanhoudende Israëlische bombardementen. Dat meldt het UNRWA, de VN-organisatie die hulp biedt aan Palestijnse vluchtelingen in het Midden-Oosten”
VOLKSKRANTBIDEN SPREEKT ZICH IN TELEFOONGESPREK METNETANYAHU UIT VOOR WAPENSTILSTAND18 MEI 2021
https://www.volkskrant.nl/nieuws-achtergrond/biden-spreekt-in-telefoongesprek-met-netanyahu-steun-uit-voor-wapenstilstand~b187c777/

[15]

‘More than 1,400 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been killed since Israel began its latest offensive in Gaza on 8 July. ”
AMNESTY INTERNATIONALUSA: STOP ARMS TRANSFERS TO ISRAEL AMIDGROWING EVIDENCE OF WAR CRIMES IN GAZA31 JULY 2014

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2014/07/usa-stop-arms-transfers-israel-amid-growing-evidence-war-crimes-gaza/

31 July 2014, 00:00 UTC

The US government must immediately end its ongoing deliveries of large quantities of arms to Israel, which are providing the tools to commit further serious violations of international law in Gaza, said Amnesty International, as it called for a total arms embargo on all parties to the conflict. 

The call comes amid reports that the Pentagon has approved the immediate transfer of grenades and mortar rounds to the Israeli armed forces from a US arms stockpile pre-positioned in Israel, and follows a shipment of 4.3 tons of US-manufactured rocket motors, which arrived in the Israeli port of Haifa on 15 July.

These deliveries add to more than US$62 million worth of munitions, including guided missile parts and rocket launchers, artillery parts and small arms, already exported from the USA to Israel between January and May this year. 

“The US government is adding fuel to the fire by continuing its supply of the type of arms being used by Israel’s armed forces to violate human rights. The US government must accept that by repeatedly shipping and paying for such arms on this scale they are exacerbating and further enabling grave abuses to be committed against civilians during the conflict in Gaza,” said Brian Wood, Head of Arms Control and Human Rights at Amnesty International. 

Palestinian armed groups have continued to fire rockets indiscriminately into Israel, endangering civilians in flagrant violation of international law. Amnesty International has repeatedly called for an immediate end to such attacks, which amount to war crimes.

Last week the speaker of the Iranian parliament said Iran had provided arms manufacturing know-how to Hamas in Gaza. In November 2012 he said Iran had given both financial and military support to Hamas and the Commander of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said missile technology has been supplied. Hamas fighters have admitted to firing Iranian-type Fajr 5 missiles towards Tel Aviv, but mostly fire shorter-range M25 or “Qassam” rockets.

The USA is by far the largest exporter of military equipment to Israel. According to data made public by the US government, its arms transfers to Israel from January to May 2014 included nearly $27million for “rocket launchers”, $9.3 million worth in “parts of guided missiles” and nearly $762,000 for “bombs, grenades and munitions of war”. 

Since 2012, the USA has exported $276 million worth of basic weapons and munitions to Israel, a figure that excludes exports of military transport equipment and high technologies.

The news on 30 July that the USA had allowed the resupply of munitions to Israel came the same day the US government condemned the shelling of a UN school in Gaza which killed at least 20 people, including children and UN humanitarian workers. 

“It is deeply cynical for the White House to condemn the deaths and injuries of Palestinians, including children, and humanitarian workers, when it knows full well that the Israeli military responsible for such attacks are armed to the teeth with weapons and equipment bankrolled by US taxpayers,” said Brian Wood. 

Amnesty International is calling on the UN to immediately impose a comprehensive arms embargo on Israel, Hamas and Palestinian armed groups with the aim of preventing violations of international humanitarian law and human rights by all sides. 

In the absence of a UN arms embargo, the organization is calling on all states to unilaterally suspend all transfers of military equipment, assistance and munitions to all parties to the conflict. They should not resume until violations committed in previous conflicts are properly investigated with those responsible brought to justice.  

“As the leading arms exporter to Israel, the USA must lead the way and demonstrate its proclaimed respect for human rights and international humanitarian law by urgently suspending arms transfers to Israel and pushing for a UN arms embargo on all parties to the conflict. By failing to do so it is displaying a callous disregard for lives being lost in the conflict on all sides,” said Brian Wood.

More than 1,400 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been killed since Israel began its latest offensive in Gaza on 8 July. At least 56 Israeli soldiers have died in the conflict, as well as three civilians in Israel, including a Thai national.

EINDE BERICHT

[16]

”1391, or 63%, of the 2,202 Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in Operation “Protective Edge” did not take part in the hostilities. Of these, 526 – a quarter of all Palestinians killed in the operation – were children under eighteen years of age”

BTSELEM.ORG

50 DAYS: MORE THAN 500 CHILDREN: FACTS AND FIGURES ON FATALITIES IN GAZA, SUMMER 2014

https://www.btselem.org/press_releases/20160720_fatalities_in_gaza_conflict_2014

[17]

TIJD.BE

”HUMANITAIR” BESTAND IN GAZA

https://www.tijd.be/nieuws/politiek_economie_internationaal/VS_halen_uit_naar_Israel/9530325.html

Israël heeft een staakt-het-vuren afgekondigd in de Gaza-strook. Het leger spreekt van een ‘humanitair bestand’ dat op maandag geldt van 7 tot 14 uur.

Het volgt op scherpe wereldwijde kritiek op de Israëlische beschieting van een VN-school in Gaza. De Verenigde Staten reageerden buitengewoon scherp op de tweede raketaanval in een week op een VN-school in de Gaza-strook. Een woordvoerder van het Amerikaanse ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken zegt ‘geschokt’ te zijn door de ‘schandelijke beschieting van de VN-school’.

Diplomaten zijn verrast over de sterke bewoordingen die het Amerikaanse ministerie van Buitenlandse zaken gebruikt. Vooral de worden ‘geschokt’ en ‘schandelijk’ worden als opmerkelijk bestempeld. ‘De Verenigde Staten zijn geschokt door de schandelijke beschieting vandaag van een VN-school in Rafah, waar zo’n 3.000 ontheemde mensen hun toevlucht hadden gezocht en waarbij minstens tien Palestijnse burgers tragisch om het leven kwamen’, stelt Washington.

‘De locatie van de school was, zoals alle VN-gebouwen in Gaza, herhaaldelijk medegedeeld aan het Israëlische leger. We benadrukken nog maar eens dat Israel meer moet doen om zijn eigen normen te handhaven en burgerslachtoffers te vermijden. VN-gebouwen, en in het bijzonder die die burgers opvangen, moeten worden beschermd en mogen niet gebruikt worden als basis van waaruit aanvallen worden gelanceerd. De verdenking dat militanten in de buurt van de VN-gebouwen opereren rechtvaardigt geen aanvallen die het leven van zoveel onschuldige burgers in gevaar brengt’, klinkt het.

VN

Eerder op de dag had de secretaris-generaal van de Verenigde Naties, Ban Ki-moon, al zijn afschuw uitgesproken over de beschieting van de VN-school in Rafah waar zo’n 3.000 Palestijnse vluchtelingen verbleven. Zeker tien mensen werden gedood toen een raket insloeg bij de ingang van de school, aldus medische bronnen in Gaza.

Tientallen mensen raakten gewond. Veel Palestijnen hadden hun toevlucht gezocht tot de onderwijsinstelling die wordt gerund door de Verenigde Naties. Het Israëlische leger heeft nog niet gereageerd. Het is nog niet duidelijk wie verantwoordelijk is voor de raketinslag. Ongeveer 3.000 Palestijnen hadden hun toevlucht gezocht in de school.

De secretaris-generaal van de Verenigde Naties, Ban Ki-moon, noemt de aanval ‘een morele schande en een misdaad’. Volgens Ban is het Israëlische leger meerdere keren geïnformeerd over de locatie van de school. 

Van Rompuy

De Europese Unie heeft het aanhoudende bloedvergieten in de Gazastrook zondag nog eens nadrukkelijk veroordeeld. Bij monde van de voorzitter van de Europese Raad, Herman Van Rompuy en de voorzitter van de Europese Commissie, José Manuel Barroso werd het ‘onmiddellijke einde’ van de militaire acties geeist. ‘Alleen een onderhandelde oplossing gebaseerd op twee staten die elkaar respecteren kan tot vrede leiden’, stelt Van Rompuy.

Het Israëlische leger heeft toegegeven te hebben gevuurd nabij de VN-school. ‘Het Israëlische leger viseerde drie terroristen op de motorfiets nabij de school in Rafah’, stelt het leger in een mededeling. ‘De Israëlische defensie onderzoekt de gevolgen van die inslag.’ De Israelische regering kondigde in de nacht van zondag op maandag een ‘humanitair bestand’ af dat maandag van 7 tot 14 uur zou gelden.

Het is de derde aanval op een VN-school in de Gaza-strook in tien dagen tijd. Op 24 juli werd een school in Beit Hanoun getroffen en afgelopen donderdag werd een school in Jabaliya geraakt. Bij die twee aanvallen kwamen meer dan dertig Palestijnen om het leven. De Verenigde Naties legden verantwoordelijkheid voor het drama in Jabaliya bij Israël. 

250.000

In de Gazastrook schuilen circa 250.000 mensen in gebouwen van de VN voor het Israëlische geweld. Volgens Israël is er vanuit de buurt geschoten. Vertegenwoordigers van de VN vonden raketopslagplaatsen van Palestijnse strijders in drie schoolgebouwen.

De raketinslag op de school in Rafah volgt op de aankondiging door de Israëlische premier Benjamin Netanyahu zaterdagavond dat het Gaza-offensief voorlopig zal worden doorgezet. Het leger zal zijn operaties zolang voortzetten totdat het doel is bereikt: ‘de vrede naar Israël terugbrengen’, zei hij zaterdagavond in Tel Aviv.

Vernietigen

‘We zullen alle tunnels vernietigen’, voegde hij eraan toe. ‘Het leger wordt zolang ingezet tot alle werk is volbracht.’ En dat bleek ook meteen. Bij meerdere luchtaanvallen zijn volgens Palestijnse bronnen zondagmorgen zeven mensen om het leven gekomen. Vijftien Palestijnen raakten gewond.  Palestijnen die aan de kust wonen, vertelden dat de Israëlische luchtmacht zware bombardementen heeft uitgevoerd in verschillende Palestijnse gebieden. 

Na de vernietiging van de tunnels van de ‘radicaal-islamitische’ Hamas zal Israël de situatie opnieuw evalueren en bijkomende stappen ondernemen die nodig zijn voor de veiligheid.

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”We explicitly and loudly condemned the direct shelling of the Al Aqsa hospital on July 21st that killed at least four people”

INTERNATIONAL RED CROSSNO WONDER GAZANS ARE ANGRY.THE RED CROSS CAN’T PROTECT THEM

25 JULI 2014

http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/article/editorial/07-24-gaza-israel-palestine-maio.htm

No wonder Gazans are angry. The Red Cross can’t protect them

25-07-2014 Article

Three ICRC vehicles are leaving Shujaia. They have rescued 11 people from the rubble but the intense combat has forced them back. As they depart an angry crowd of Palestinians attacks the vehicles with stones and sticks. “You are useless,” the crowd shouts. “You must protect us.”

But we cannot. The anger is unpleasant and misplaced, but understandable. We do our utmost, risking the lives of our staff to rescue who we can, but we cannot end the conflict.  As ever, humanitarian organisations are a sticking plaster, not the solution.

If your home in Gaza was being shelled, who would you call in desperation? On the night Israel’s ground offensive began intense fire struck north-east Gaza. The emergency services, including our partners at the Palestinian Red Crescent (PRCS), were overloaded. Many Gazans tried to telephone us. Our office switchboard couldn’t cope. In the dark violent hours of the night we could not send ambulances or restore the water supply or treat the injured dying of their wounds. Isolated and terrified, with nowhere to flee and no help in sight, the anger of Palestinian families grew.

Two nights later in Shujaia hundreds more families went through the same ordeal. Again ICRC staff and PRCS volunteers could do little. With no guarantees of safety it would have been folly to attempt a rescue. In the daylight a temporary ceasefire was agreed, at our request. It was quickly broken, but nevertheless several dozen injured were brought from their ruined homes to hospitals and hundreds took advantage of our presence on the spot to flee. It was little and late. No wonder the helpless families have accused us of callous disregard. When your one faint hope of help is snuffed out the intensity of disappointment is all the deeper.

Other accusations have been levelled.

We were charged with collaborating with the Israeli Defence Forces in the destruction of Wafa hospital. In truth, we sought to protect the hospital through our dialogue with both sides. When combat came perilously close we intervened to win time for a possible last-resort evacuation of gravely ill patients, many on life support.

We are upbraided for not taking sides and refusing to apportion blame. Given our strict political neutrality it is usual that we get criticised by all sides at different times. But the ICRC is not silent in the face of clear breaches of international law. We explicitly and loudly condemned the direct shelling of the Al Aqsa hospital on July 21st that killed at least four people. We clearly denounce the indiscriminate rocketing of Israel. We stated categorically that even in the midst of warfare, people must be able to receive medical care in safety.

We are horrified at the death toll. We have repeatedly called for both sides to protect and spare civilians. We have warned of the need to protect Gaza’s perilously fragile water supply – many residents of the densely populated area are now without water, at the height of the scorching hot Mediterranean summer. Today our priority is the civilians, in Beit Hanoun and many other places all over Gaza. We are calling on all sides, based on the humanitarian imperatives of the situation, to ensure that their combat operations be conducted in accordance with the fundamental principles of international laws protecting civilians.
But will our pleas for restraint, and the constant efforts of nearly 140 staff and more than 400 PRCS teams to rescue civilians and restock hospitals, be enough to quell the anger of grieving families? We hope so but we understand that it might not.

We do ask one thing: understand the limits of our role and look to the politicians to end this deadly, miserable conflict.    

Jacques de Maio

Head of Delegation
ICRC
Israel and Occupied Territories

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AMNESTY INTERNATIONALGAZA:LOOMING HUMANITARIAN CATASTROPHE HIGHLIGHTS NEEDTO LIFT ISRAEL’S TEN YEAR ILLEGAL BLOCKADE15 JUNE 2017

https://www.amnesty.nl/actueel/gaza-looming-humanitarian-catastrophe-highlights-need-to-lift-israels-10-year-illegal-blockade

The Israeli authorities’ latest decision to slash the electricity supply to the Gaza Strip could have catastrophic humanitarian consequences for residents who have already endured a decade of suffering under Israel’s brutal blockade, Amnesty International has warned.

The latest round of power cuts announced by Israel on 11 June restricting the electricity supply to between two and three hours a day, will have a disastrous impact on Gaza’s battered infrastructure and cause a public health disaster. The move will also endanger thousands of lives including those of hospital patients with chronic conditions or in intensive care, including babies on life support.

“For 10 years the siege has unlawfully deprived Palestinians in Gaza of their most basic rights and necessities. Under the burden of the illegal blockade and three armed conflicts, the economy has sharply declined and humanitarian conditions have deteriorated severely. The latest power cuts risk turning an already dire situation into a full-blown humanitarian catastrophe,” said Magdalena Mughrabi, Deputy Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International.

The power cuts will have a severe impact on essential services such as healthcare, wastewater management and access to clean water for Gaza’s entire population.

“As the occupying power, Israel has obligations to ensure the basic needs of the civilian population are met. At the very least, Israel must not continue to cut off access to essential supplies. The Israeli authorities must immediately lift the illegal blockade and end their collective punishment of Gaza’s population,” said Magdalena Mughrabi.

“Ten years on, the international community can no longer turn a blind eye to the devastating suffering caused by Israel’s cruel and inhuman isolation of Gaza.”

This month marks 10 years since Israel began its land, sea and air blockade of Gaza. The blockade, combined with restrictions by Egypt has cut off virtually all access to the outside world for more than two million residents. Since then, unemployment rates have skyrocketed and many families have been forced into extreme poverty leaving approximately 80% of the population dependent on humanitarian aid.

Electricity cuts

For more than a decade Gaza has suffered a chronic electricity deficit. In 2013, Gaza’s sole power plant began to buy fuel exclusively from Israel after cheap Egyptian fuel was no longer available. The higher price of fuel forced the
power plant to reduce capacity by half. The power plant has had to shut down repeatedly because it was unable to afford the fuel needed to keep it running.

Even before the latest power crisis this week, electricity supply was rationed to around eight hours a day. In the past two months, it was further slashed to four hours a day as a result of a dispute between Palestinian authorities in the West Bank and Hamas before the latest cuts announced this week.

Residents told Amnesty International the power cuts have affected all aspects of their daily lives. With many people in Gaza living in high rise apartment buildings, the lack of electricity means clean water cannot be pumped to their homes, leaving them reliant on expensive bottled water to cook, clean and shower. Residents are also unable to use the lifts to get in and out of their homes, causing particular hardship for the elderly and those with disabilities.

Mohammad Abu Rahma, a Gaza City resident, described how the power cuts have affected him and his wife and three children. The lack of electricity means they have no water and cannot do simple things like use a fridge to store food and in the evening there is no light for the children to study or read.

“Ever since the [blockade] on Gaza 10 years ago our life has been in crisis. This is not new. But what is happening now…it is a catastrophe… It is immoral that they make us live like this. Everyone in Gaza has been harmed by what is happening. There is no one that is spared,” he said.

“This has meant having to live in this intolerable heat without fans, let alone air conditioners, and that’s for those of us who luckily still have our homes after the last war. It’s like we’re suffocating.”
Nour al-Sweiki, from Gaza City, told Amnesty International that families are struggling to squeeze all their domestic tasks into the three- hour window when the electricity comes on each day.

“People here live without rights… Everything is backwards. Nothing here progresses except for time. Poverty, unemployment, lack of water – everything is deteriorating,” she said.

Another Gaza resident, Sami Abd al-Rahman, also said he and his family, like most Gazans, have reorganized their lives around the few hours of electricity –getting up in the middle of the night to do simple things such as use the
washing machine or take showers. He fears for the mental and emotional effects the continuing crisis is having on his children.

“The Israeli authorities must ensure the level of electricity is restored to meet and sustain basic humanitarian needs, including health, water and sanitation,” said Magdalena Mughrabi.

“The Palestinian authorities in the West Bank, Hamas and Israel must all ensure that their political disputes are not dealt with in a manner that tramples on the basic rights of Gazans.”

Wider impact of blockade

The situation in the Gaza Strip has become so untenable that in 2015 the UN warned it would become “uninhabitable” by 2020.

Under Israel’s illegal blockade, movement of people and goods is severely restricted and the majority of exports and imports, raw materials have been banned. Meanwhile, Egypt has imposed tight restrictions on the Rafah crossing, keeping it closed most of this time.

The destruction wrought by three armed conflicts between Israel and Palestinian armed groups in the Gaza Strip in the 10 years since the blockade was imposed has also had devastating consequences on essential infrastructure and the deterioration of Gaza’s economy. All sides have committed violations of international humanitarian law, including war crimes during these conflicts.

In each of these wars, Israel targeted civilian infrastructure, including electricity, water, sewage and sanitation plants as well as destroying tens of thousands of civilian properties, including homes, shops and factories. Israel has subsequently refused to allow into Gaza much of the construction materials needed to rebuild the civilian infrastructure.

“The wanton destruction of Gaza’s residential homes and infrastructure coupled with the economic deprivation means that daily existence for many Palestinians there is a living nightmare with no end in sight,” said Magdalena Mughrabi.

“There can be no justification for denying humanitarian supplies, adequate water and electricity to an entire population for 10 years. Israel must lift this blockade immediately.”
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HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL/GAZA: ISRAELI BLOCKADE UNLAWFUL DESPITE GAZA BORDER BREACH
https://www.hrw.org/news/2008/01/25/israel/gaza-israeli-blockade-unlawful-despite-gaza-border-breach

This week’s Gaza-Egypt border breach temporarily eased the humanitarian impact of Israel’s blockade, but Israel as the occupying power remains responsible for the well-being of Gaza’s 1.4 million residents, Human Rights Watch said today. Gazans remain almost completely dependent on Israel for fuel, electricity, medicine, food, and other essential commodities.

Human Rights Watch also called upon Palestinian armed groups in Gaza to stop their indiscriminate rocket attacks into populated areas in Israel in violation of international humanitarian law. The attacks have wounded 82 Israeli civilians in the past six months.

“Israel’s rightful self-defense against unlawful rocket attacks does not justify a blockade that denies civilians the food, fuel and medicine needed to survive, a policy amounting to collective punishment,” said Joe Stork, acting director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East division. “Gazans can’t turn on the lights, get tap water, buy enough food, or earn a living without Israel’s consent.”

Some Israeli officials have suggested that the temporary breach in the Egypt-Gaza border means that Israel has relinquished all responsibility for Gaza. “We need to understand that when Gaza is open to the other side, we lose responsibility for it,” said Israeli Deputy Defense Minister Matan Vilnai on January 24, 2008. “So we want to disconnect from it.”

Israel withdrew its military forces and settlers from the Gaza Strip in 2005, but it still controls Gaza’s airspace, territorial waters, and land borders – with the exception this week of the Rafah border area with Egypt. Israel is Gaza’s primary supplier of electricity, which is essential for water availability and sewage treatment. In addition, Israel controls Gaza’s telecommunications network, its population registry, and its customs and tax revenues. Israeli security forces have frequently re-entered Gaza at will.

“The sudden opening of Gaza’s border with Egypt has changed, for the time being, only one of the many indices of Israel’s control over essential aspects of life in Gaza,” Stork said. “Israel remains responsible for the well-being of Gaza’s civilians.”

Aside from the fact that the irregular opening of Gaza’s border with Egypt may be temporary, any end to Israel’s legal responsibilities for the welfare of Gaza’s inhabitants would require an end to its effective control over the Gaza Strip, including its territorial waters and airspace, and its tax and customs revenues, Human Rights Watch said. It would also require a new infrastructure so Gaza’s residents can meet their requirements for fuel, electricity, cargo transshipment and the like through harbors, an airport, and over the 17-kilometer border with Egypt.

The border breach at Rafah began on January 23, after Hamas helped Palestinians break through sections of the wall and fence separating Gaza and Egypt, to the west of the official Rafah crossing, which remains closed. Tens of thousands of Palestinians – by some estimates hundreds of thousands – flooded into Egypt to acquire food, fuel, and essential supplies. Tens of thousands more entered Egypt the following day.

On January 25, Egyptian security forces attempted to control the entry of Palestinians from Gaza and re-seal the border, but Palestinians bulldozed a new opening. By the afternoon, the traffic was flowing unhindered again, with Palestinians driving into Egypt in their private cars.

Human Rights Watch on January 24 visited a makeshift market with Egyptian and Palestinian traders in the no-man’s land at the border, known as the Philadelphi Corridor. Palestinians bought cigarettes, cement, fuel, electrical supplies, generators, car parts, farm animals, and other goods in short supply in Gaza due to Israel’s drastic restrictions on imports dating back to June 2006.

Human Rights Watch observed four significant breaks in the border barriers. The largest of the breaches, near the former Israel Defense Forces post known as Salaheddin, was roughly 250 meters wide.

Egyptian border forces in riot gear have tried to maintain order on the Egyptian side. Additional Egyptian security forces manned checkpoints near the city of al-Arish, about 30 miles southwest of Rafah. The governor of northern Sinai, Gen. Ahmad `Abd al-Hamid, said Egypt would not allow Palestinians to travel beyond al-Arish.

On the Gaza side, Human Rights Watch saw uniformed Hamas-controlled security forces and members of the Qassam Brigades, the Hamas militia, in black uniforms and civilian clothes, randomly checking cars and individuals with goods purchased in Egypt. Members of the security forces told Human Rights Watch that they were primarily checking for illegal drugs.

Two Qassam Brigades members at the border told Human Rights Watch that they were not permitting arms to enter, but another said the restriction only applied to persons not known to be active in “the resistance.” The heavy traffic and lack of controls made it impossible for Hamas forces to check the vast majority of individuals and vehicles.

Hamas security forces also established checkpoints at key intersections inside Gaza, checking cars. Human Rights Watch observed them arresting one man, apparently for drug possession.

Since Hamas took over the Palestinian Authority in March 2006, following its electoral victory the previous January, and especially after Hamas captured Israeli corporal Gilad Shalit that June, Israel has made it exceedingly difficult for Palestinians to leave Gaza. Following Hamas’s violent seizure of power in Gaza from rival Fatah forces in June 2007, Israel has arbitrarily blocked, delayed and harassed people with emergency medical problems who need to leave Gaza for urgent care. Some Palestinian patients unable to reach hospitals in Israel or Egypt have died.

Approximately 6,000 people with foreign citizenship, permanent foreign residency, work permits, student visas, or university admissions abroad, have been trapped inside the territory and denied exit permits for unspecified “security reasons.”

It remains unclear how many of these people left Gaza for Egypt in recent days and whether they will be able to travel beyond al-Arish to Cairo.

The border breach occurred five days after Israel imposed a complete blockade on the entry of goods into Gaza in response to continued Palestinian rocket attacks. An earlier breach of the same border, at the time of Israel’s military withdrawal in September 2005, was quickly repaired.

Israeli officials have said they would not allow the blockade to cause a humanitarian crisis. “We will not hit food supplies for children or medicines for the needy,” Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said this week.

“Israeli leaders have been playing word games, claiming that each new turn of the screw would not create a humanitarian crisis,” Stork said. “But the ordinary people of Gaza – those with no connection to militants – have been living such a crisis for more than a year as the economy collapses, the lights go out, and the sewage overflows.”

Statements by Israeli officials this week appear to acknowledge that the blockade amounts to collective punishment. Olmert on January 24 said: “There is no justification for demanding we allow residents of Gaza to live normal lives while shells and rockets are fired from their streets and courtyards at Sderot and other communities in the south.”

Defense Ministry spokesman Shlomo Dror said that, “If Palestinians don’t stop the violence, I have a feeling the life of people in Gaza is not going to be easy.”

Israel slightly eased the blockade on January 23 after a wave of international criticism, agreeing to supply one week’s worth of fuel for Gaza’s sole electric power plant, but it limited supplies again soon after the border breach.

Approximately 60 percent of Gaza’s electricity is supplied commercially by an Israeli provider. Egypt supplies about 10 percent to southern Gaza, and Gaza’s sole power plant produces about 25 percent.

On the evening of January 20, the power plant had to stop production entirely due to the lack of industrial diesel fuel allowed in from Israel. Kanaan Obeid, deputy director of the Palestinian Energy Authority, told Human Rights Watch that the power plant had only enough fuel to last through January 27.

Israel’s calibrated restrictions on regular diesel, industrial diesel and benzene fuel began on October 28, 2007, in response to continued rocket attacks by Palestinian armed groups. In November, the Israeli Supreme Court approved the fuel cuts but ordered the state to halt proposed electricity cuts until it could prove that such cuts would not harm medical and other services essential to the civilian population.

Intended to pressure Hamas to take action against the armed groups, the fuel cuts have had a direct impact on the well-being of the civilian population. Gaza residents are suffering increasingly serious disruptions to their daily lives from power cuts.

According to the United Nations, the electricity shortage caused at least 40 percent of Gazans being denied access to running water and a breakdown in the sewage system. Thirty million liters of raw sewage was released into the sea per day, a UN report said. Forced to rely on generators, Gaza hospitals reduced their services.

The UN World Food Program reported shortages of meat, wheat flour and frozen food. Between January 14 and 20, the humanitarian and commercial foods entering Gaza totaled only 31 percent of basic food needs.

Israel’s decision to limit fuel, and potentially electricity, to Gaza in retaliation for rocket attacks violates a basic principle of international humanitarian law, which prohibits a government with effective control over a territory from attacking or withholding objects that are essential to the survival of the civilian population, Human Rights Watch said. It also violates Israel’s duty as the occupying power to safeguard the health and welfare of the population under occupation.

On January 27, the Israeli Supreme Court will hear an appeal from Israeli and Palestinian human rights groups, asserting that the electricity cuts amount to collective punishment in violation of international humanitarian law.

Egypt shares some of the blame for the humanitarian crisis in Gaza, having largely kept its border with Rafah closed during the Israeli blockade, Human Rights Watch said. In the future, it should take steps to facilitate the flow of people and goods, especially humanitarian aid and emergency medical cases, while controlling the flow of arms and material used to attack Israeli civilians.

“The past three days prove that Egypt can contribute to alleviating the humanitarian crisis in Gaza,” Stork said.
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CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY

  Article 7 Crimes against humanity 1. For the purpose of this Statute, “crime against humanity” means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack: (a) Murder; (b) Extermination; (c) Enslavement; (d) Deportation or forcible transfer of population; (e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law; (f) Torture; (g) Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity; (h) Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender as defined in paragraph 3, or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law, in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court; (i) Enforced disappearance of persons; (j) The crime of apartheid; (k) Other inhumane acts of a similar ch haracter intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.

https://www.icc-cpi.int/resource-library/Documents/RS-Eng.pdf

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT
https://www.icc-cpi.int/resource-library/Documents/RS-Eng.pdf

THE GUARDIANETHNIC CLEANSING IN THE ISRAELI NEGEV
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2010/jul/28/ethnic-cleansing-israeli-negev

The razing of a Bedouin village by Israeli police shows how far the state will go to achieve its aim of Judaising the Negev region

A menacing convoy of bulldozers was heading back to Be’er Sheva as I drove towards al-Arakib, a Bedouin village located not more than 10 minutes from the city. Once I entered the dirt road leading to the village I saw scores of vans with heavily armed policemen getting ready to leave. Their mission, it seems, had been accomplished.

The signs of destruction were immediately evident. I first noticed the chickens and geese running loose near a bulldozed house, and then saw another house and then another one, all of them in rubble. A few children were trying to find a shaded spot to hide from the scorching desert sun, while behind them a stream of black smoke rose from the burning hay. The sheep, goats and the cattle were nowhere to be seen – perhaps because the police had confiscated them.

Scores of Bedouin men were standing on a yellow hill, sharing their experiences from the early morning hours, while all around them uprooted olive trees lay on the ground. A whole village comprising between 40 and 45 houses had been completely razed in less than three hours.

I suddenly experienced deja vu: an image of myself walking in the rubbles of a destroyed village somewhere on the outskirts of the Lebanese city of Sidon emerged. It was over 25 years ago, during my service in the Israeli paratroopers. But in Lebanon the residents had all fled long before my platoon came, and we simply walked in the debris. There was something surreal about the experience, which prevented me from fully understanding its significance for several years. At the time, it felt like I was walking on the moon.

This time the impact of the destruction sank in immediately. Perhaps because the 300 people who resided in al-Arakib, including their children, were sitting in the rubble when I arrived, and their anguish was evident; or perhaps because the village is located only 10 minutes from my home in Be’er Sheva and I drive past it every time I go to Tel Aviv or Jerusalem; or perhaps because the Bedouins are Israeli citizens, and I suddenly understood how far the state is ready to go to accomplish its objective of Judaising the Negev region; what I witnessed was, after all, an act of ethnic cleansing.

They say the next intifada will be the Bedouin intifada. There are 155,000 Bedouins in the Negev, and more than half of them live in unrecognised villages without electricity or running water. I do not know what they might do, but by making 300 people homeless, 200 of them children, Israel is surely sowing dragon’s teeth for the future.
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BBCISRAEL POLICE RAZE ”ILLEGAL” BEDOUIN VILLAGE IN NEGEV

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-10777040

Around 300 Bedouins living in Israel’s Negev desert have been made homeless after police raided their village and razed their homes.

Israeli activists said 1,500 police arrived in Al-Arakib village at dawn.

They destroyed 30 to 40 makeshift homes and uprooted hundreds of olive trees belonging to the villagers, they said.

Police spokesman Mickey Rosenfeld said the homes had been “illegally built” and were destroyed in line with a court ruling issued 11 years ago.

“Several hundred people were taken back to the Rahat area where they originally came from,” he told the AFP news agency, referring to a nearby Bedouin town in Israel’s arid south.

More than 150,000 Bedouin live in Israel, mostly in and around the Negev desert.

Around half live in villages that are not recognised by the state, and have no access to municipal services like water and electricity.

Many live in extreme poverty.

Land battle

At dawn on Tuesday, women and children in Al-Arakib watched as Land Administration bulldozers demolished their houses, Israeli press reports said.

Minor scuffles erupted as the villagers and around 150 rights activists tried to stop the police from carrying out the demolitions, said Chaya Noach, head of the Negev Coexistence Forum, a group fighting to protect the rights of the Bedouin in the Negev.

“We were stunned to witness the violent force being used,” Al-Arakib spokesman Awad Abu-Farikh told Israeli newspaper Yediot Ahronot following the razing.

“This operation is the first step in the uprooting of many villages. We shall return to our villages, build our homes and not leave this place.”

The authorities say all the homes are illegal, built without permission.

The Bedouin say they have lived in the area since before the foundation of the state of Israel.

They resist efforts to re-settle them in towns and villages, saying it goes against their traditional way of life.

A Land Administration official, Shlomo Tziser, told Yediot Ahronot the officers were implementing a final court order for the evacuation of the area.

“Today we shall evacuate them and should they return we’ll do it again,” he said.

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”The 130-page report, “Off the Map: Land and Housing Rights Violations in Israel’s Unrecognized Bedouin Villages,” documents how discriminatory Israeli laws and practices force tens of thousands of Bedouin in the south of Israel to live in “unrecognized” shanty towns where they are under constant threat of seeing their homes demolished and their communities torn apart.”

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAEL: END SYSTEMATIC BIAS AGAINST

BEDOUIN

https://www.hrw.org/news/2008/03/30/israel-end-systematic-bias-against-bedouin#:~:text=Human%20Rights%20Watch%20based%20its,Bedouin%20townships%20in%20the%20Negev.&text=Authorities%20say%20that%2045%2C000%20existing,thus%20potential%20targets%20for%20demolition.

Stop Demolishing Homes, Remedy Discriminatory Land Allocation

Israel should declare an immediate moratorium on demolitions of Bedouin homes and create an independent commission to investigate pervasive land and housing discrimination against its Bedouin citizens in the Negev, Human Rights Watch said in a new report released today.

The 130-page report, “Off the Map: Land and Housing Rights Violations in Israel’s Unrecognized Bedouin Villages,” documents how discriminatory Israeli laws and practices force tens of thousands of Bedouin in the south of Israel to live in “unrecognized” shanty towns where they are under constant threat of seeing their homes demolished and their communities torn apart.

Human Rights Watch based its findings on interviews conducted in 13 unrecognized Bedouin villages and three government-planned Bedouin townships in the Negev. It interviewed dozens of Bedouin residents, as well as activists, community organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), academics, and lawyers in Israel. Human Rights Watch submitted a detailed letter to the government in 2007 with preliminary findings and questions, and incorporated relevant information from the Ministry of Justice’s response into the report.

“Israeli policies have put the Bedouin in a lose-lose situation,” said Joe Stork, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “The state has forced them off the land they claimed as their own and into illegal shanty towns, cut off from basic necessities like water and electricity.”

Israel has demolished thousands of Negev Bedouin homes since the 1970s, and hundreds in 2007 alone. Authorities say that 45,000 existing Bedouin homes in approximately 39 “unrecognized” villages were built illegally and thus potential targets for demolition. Israeli officials contend that they are simply enforcing zoning and building codes. But Human Rights Watch found that officials systematically demolish Bedouin homes while often overlooking or retroactively legalizing unlawful construction by Jewish citizens.

While the Bedouin suffer an acute need for adequate housing and for new (or recognized) residential communities, the state instead is developing new homes and communities for Jewish citizens even though some of the more than 100 existing Jewish communities in the Negev sit half-empty. In theory, any citizen can apply to live in these Negev communities, but in practice selection committees screen applicants and accept people based on undefined notions of “suitability” that systematically exclude Bedouin.

“Israel is willing and able to build new Negev towns for Jewish Israelis seeking a rural way of life, but not for the people who have lived and worked this land for generations,” Stork said. “This is grossly unfair.”

Israeli officials insist that Bedouin can relocate to seven existing government-planned townships or a handful of newly recognized villages. Human Rights Watch found that the government-planned townships constitute seven of the eight poorest communities in Israel and are ill-equipped to handle any influx of residents. Most Bedouin reject the idea of relocating to the townships, with their deplorable infrastructure, high crime rates, scarce job opportunities, and insufficient land for traditional livelihoods such as herding and grazing. In addition, the state requires Bedouin who move to the townships to renounce their ancestral land claims – unthinkable for most Bedouin who have claims to land passed down from parent to child over generations.

The state controls 93 percent of the land in Israel, and a government agency, the Israel Land Administration (ILA), manages and allocates this land. No Israeli law requires the ILA to ensure fair and just distribution of land. Almost half its governing body are members of the Jewish National Fund, which has an explicit mandate to develop land for Jewish use only. Today, the Bedouin community comprises 25 percent of the population of the northern Negev, but controls less than 2 percent of the land there.

Authorities have allocated large tracts of land and public funds for family ranches or farms. The state connects these farms to national electric and water grids despite the fact that some lack proper planning permits and retroactively legalizes them rather than demolish them.

“The hypocrisy in the policy towards these large individual farms is not lost on the Bedouin,” said Stork. “The state’s claims that the Bedouin villages are too dispersed to receive state utilities don’t seem to matter when it comes to the farms.”

In October 2007, the Ministry of Housing appointed a commission headed by former state comptroller and retired Supreme Court Justice Eliezer Goldberg to examine the land-ownership dispute between the state and the Bedouin community in the Negev. The eight-member Goldberg Commission, which does not include a representative from the unrecognized Bedouin villages, began work in January 2008, proposing to publish its findings and recommendations within six months.

Human Rights Watch urged the commission to base its recommendations on Israel’s international human rights obligations prohibiting discrimination and guaranteeing rights to adequate and secure housing, and protection from forced evictions.

“One recommendation should be for a special commission that can conduct an impartial and comprehensive examination of the problem of the unrecognized villages,” Stork said. “Because the state itself is responsible for this systematic discrimination and denial of basic rights, an independent investigative body is needed.”

Many Bedouin told Human Rights Watch about the devastating impact of home demolitions on their families. The authorities typically demolished the homes without specific advanced warning, often leaving families with nothing more than a tent for shelter.

Testimonies

Sarah Kishkher of Um Mitnan told Human Rights Watch what this meant. “Everything used to be so clean and neat. We could keep the home organized – we had cupboards to fold the children’s clothes and keep them in. We could bathe the children whenever we wanted. Everything [in a tent] is in this sandy dirt. We can’t keep food for the baby in a fridge. We have lost everything.”

Some Bedouin have seen their homes destroyed more than once. Fatima al-Ghanami, a 60-year-old widow in Um Mitnan, suffers from diabetes. Officials demolished her home several years ago. Shortly after she rebuilt, she received another demolition warning order. “When I got the demolition order for the old house, I was sure they would never come. Now I know better. I know they’ll come and do it. … They might come tomorrow, they might come anytime. If they demolish this place, I have nowhere to go and no money left. I have no idea what I’ll do.”

Background

Some Bedouin villages pre-date the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, while others sprang up after Israel forcibly displaced the Bedouin from ancestral lands in the early days of the state. Israel passed laws in the 1950s and 1960s enabling the government to lay claim to large areas of the Negev where the Bedouin had formerly owned or used the land. Planning authorities ignored the existence of Bedouin villages when they created Israel’s first master plan in the late 1960s, embedding discrimination in policies that continue today, some 40 years later.

According to the United Nations committee responsible for interpreting the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which Israel ratified in 1991, governments can carry out forced evictions only in “the most exceptional circumstances,” and in accordance with international law. Even in exceptional circumstances, human rights principles require that the government must consult with the affected individuals or communities, identify a clear public interest requiring the eviction, ensure that those affected have a meaningful opportunity to challenge the eviction, and provide appropriate compensation and adequate alternative land and housing arrangements.

In almost all cases, Human Rights Watch found that the state met none of these criteria.

In the unrecognized villages of Um al-Hieran and Atir, near the Yatir forest, the state filed lawsuits to evacuate and expel the approximately 1,500 residents in April 2004. In September 2006, the state obtained approximately 40 judicial demolition orders against almost all the houses in Um al-Hieran, and in June 2007 the ILA demolished 25 of those homes. Um al-Hieran dates from 1956, when the government moved the residents from their land in the western Negev, around today’s Kibbutz Shoval. Now the government wants the land of Um al-Hieran to construct a larger Jewish settlement, Hiran. The government never informed Um al-Hieran’s residents of its plans or invited them to be a part of the new community before attempting to displace them forcibly again.

After planning officials distributed demolition warnings or orders on all the homes in the village of al-Sira in September 2006, village residents approached the authorities but found there were no alternatives envisaged for the community. Resident Khalil al-Amour told Human Rights Watch: “They always say ‘maybe’. Maybe you’ll get a neighborhood when [the township of] Rahat expands; maybe you can go to the [newly planned] township of Marit which does not even exist yet. We are invisible people to them, so perhaps we can live in invisible houses.” All the homes in the village now have demolition orders.

The Human Rights Watch report discusses examples of countries where governments have attempted to address indigenous land claims and provide redress where there have been historical injustices. New Zealand, Canada, and Australia, for instance, have established national processes, ranging from commissions to tribunals, and in some cases these have resulted in returning land which was owned or traditionally used by indigenous populations to their control.EINDE BERICHT

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CIVIS MUNDI

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024[22]

”Yes, Palestinians living in Gaza and East Jerusalem are fully entitled to respect of the rights they have under international human rights law, and the protections due to them as residents of occupied territory.”

”Despite dismantling its military government in the Gaza Strip and withdrawing its settler population from there in 2005, Israel continues to exercise significant control over the 2 million Palestinians living in Gaza and therefore continues to have obligations toward them under the law of occupation and must respect their rights.”Israel also has obligations under the law of occupation to Palestinians in East Jerusalem and must respect their rights and freedoms, despite its annexation of the territory in 1967 in a unilateral move that was not recognized by the international community and does not alter its status as occupied under international law.  

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

4.ARE THE REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS APPLICABLE TO THE GAZA STRIP AND EAST JERUSALEM?

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/12/17/qa-born-without-civil-rights#_Are_the_report

Yes, Palestinians living in Gaza and East Jerusalem are fully entitled to respect of the rights they have under international human rights law, and the protections due to them as residents of occupied territory.

Despite dismantling its military government in the Gaza Strip and withdrawing its settler population from there in 2005, Israel continues to exercise significant control over the 2 million Palestinians living in Gaza and therefore continues to have obligations toward them under the law of occupation and must respect their rights.

Israel also has obligations under the law of occupation to Palestinians in East Jerusalem and must respect their rights and freedoms, despite its annexation of the territory in 1967 in a unilateral move that was not recognized by the international community and does not alter its status as occupied under international law.

EINDE BERICHT

ORIGINELE BRON

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

Q & A: BORN WITHOUT CIVIL RIGHTS

ISRAEL’S USE OF DRACONIAN MILITARY ORDERS TO REPRESS PALESTINIANS IN

THE WEST BANK

  1. What does your report recommend?
  2. Why are you calling for Israel to provide Palestinians in the West Bank with rights at least equal to what it provides its own citizens?
  3. Can you give examples of where rights protections for Israelis and Palestinians in the West Bank differ in practice?
  4. Are the report recommendations applicable to the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem?
  5. Are you calling for the creation of a single state, in which everyone is accorded equal rights, or opposing a two-state solution?
  6. Isn’t it up to the Palestinian Authority, not Israel, to ensure the protection of Palestinian human rights?
  7. Are you saying that Israeli authorities should apply Israeli, rather than international, standards in granting rights to Palestinians under occupation in the West Bank even though they don’t even grant equal rights to Palestinian citizens of Israel?
  8. Some of the laws you criticize as violating human rights were in place at the time Israel occupied the West Bank. Are you calling on Israel to apply Israeli law in the West Bank?
  9. Are you saying that Israeli settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are legitimate so long as Palestinians have equal rights to Israeli settlers?
  10. With all the ongoing political violence, why shouldn’t the law of occupation and armed conflict still apply?
  11. But the law of occupation does not contain any stipulation on its expiration date, so on what basis are you claiming that human rights standards now apply?
  12. Aren’t you dismissing serious security threats that Israel continues to face and that necessitate imposing restrictions on Palestinians to prevent hostile acts?
  13. Granting civil rights is impossible under a military occupation. Why don’t you call on Israel to end the occupation, rather than perpetuate and normalize it?
  14. Is Human Rights Watch applying this legal framework to other occupations elsewhere?
  15. What are you asking third party states to do?
https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/12/17/qa-born-without-civil-rights

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  Article 2 

Relations between the Parties, as well as all the provisions of the Agreement itself, shall be based on respect for human rights and democratic principles, which guides their internal and international policy and constitutes an essential element of this Agreement.

EURO MEDITERRANEAN AGREEMENT

 establishing an association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part  

https://eeas.europa.eu/archives/delegations/israel/documents/eu_israel/asso_agree_en.pdf

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ARTIKEL 90, NEDERLANDSE GRONDWET

De regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.

Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsorde

Artikel 90: Internationale rechtsordeDe regering bevordert de ontwikkeling van de internationale rechtsorde.

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Israel zaait dood en verderf in Gaza/Brief aan de leden van de Commissie Buitenlandse Zaken van de Tweede Kamer

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