Notes 807-938 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

 

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

 

 

[807]

HENRY OF LANCASTER WAS MARRIED WITH MAUD CHAWORTH, MATERNAL HALFSISTER OF HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”Sometime before 2 March 1297 [1], when he was about fifteen, Henry married the heiress Maud Chaworth (elder half-sister of Hugh Despenser the Younger), who was born on 2 February 1282 and inherited the lands of her father Patrick and uncle Payn in Carmarthenshire, Glamorgan, Hampshire and Wiltshire. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

Maud de Chaworth (2 February 1282 – 3 December 1322) was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress. She was the only child of Patrick de Chaworth. Sometime before 2 March 1297, she married Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, by whom she had seven children.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth

MAUD CHAWORTH, HALFSISTER OF HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER

”Maud was the daughter of Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Baron of Kidwelly, in CarmarthenshireSouth Wales, and Isabella de Beauchamp. Her maternal grandfather was William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. Her father, Patrick de Chaworth died on 7 July 1283. He was thought to be 30 years old. Three years later, in 1286, Isabella de Beauchamp married Hugh Despenser the Elder and had two sons and four daughters by him. This made Maud the half-sister of Hugh the younger Despenser. Her mother, Isabella de Beauchamp, died in 1306.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH/PARENTS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth#Parents

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth

”Probably in 1286, when Maud was four, her mother Isabel Beauchamp married Hugh Despenser the Elder, and had two sons and four daughters by him. Maud was thus the elder half-sister of the notorious Hugh Despenser the Younger.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
MAUD DE CHAWORTH AND HER DAUGHTERS
9 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/maud-de-chaworth- and-her-daughters.html

 

 

 

 

[808]

CAMBRIDGE DICTIONARY

SETTLE [AN] OLD SCORE

”to harm someone because they have harmed you in the past”

http://dictionary.cambridge.or g/dictionary/english/settle-an -old-score

[809]

”As well as his elder brother Thomas, Henry of Lancaster had a younger brother, John, who died childless in 1317; Henry was heir to his lands in France, including Beaufort, after which the illegitimate children of his grandson by marriage and heir John of Gaunt were named……………..”

[OFF TOPIC, BUT IMPORTANT:
MY ADDITION:
The illegitimate children of his grandson by marriage,
John of Gaunt [third son of Edward III], were NO relatives
of Henry of Lancaster:
John of Gaunt was married with Blanche of Lancaster,
granddaughter of Henry and they were the parents, grandparents
and greatgrandparents of King Henry IV, V and VI.
Those kings were Henry’s relatives [son, grandson, greatgrandson
of his granddaughter Blanche of Lancaster]

The Beaufort children [halfsisters/brothers of King Henry IV]
were the children of John of Gaunt [Duke of Lancaster via
his wife Blanche of Lancaster] by his mistress, Kathryn Swynford…..]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

I DIDN’T FIND MUCH INFORMATION ABOUT HENRY’S YOUNGER BROTHER THOMAS, SEE:

  • John of Lancaster (born bef. May 1286, died in France shortly bef. 13 June 1317),[7] seigneur of Beaufort (present-day Montmorency, Aube, arrond. d’Arcis-sur-Aube, canton de Chavanges) and Nogent-l’Artaud (Aisne, arrond. de Château-Thierry, canton de Charly), France. He married before July 1312 Alix de Joinville, widow of Jean d’Arcis, seigneur of Arcis-sur-Aube and Chacenay (died in or before 1307), and daughter of Jean de Joinville, seigneur de Joinville (Haute-Marne, arrond. Vassy, ch.-I. canton), Seneschal of Champagne, by his 2nd wife, Alix, daughter and heiress of Gautier, seigneur of Reynel. They had no issue.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND CROUCHBACK/FAMILY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_Crouchback#Family

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND CROUCHBACK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_Crouchback

[810]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

[811]

”Henry inherited a part of his father’s vast lands, though of course the bulk of it went to his elder brother Thomas, and was lord of Kidwelly and owned the Three Castles in Monmouthshire (Grosmont, Skenfrith and the White Castle).”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

[812]

”Henry’s elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, succeeded their father in 1296, but Henry was summoned to Parliament on 6 February 1298/99 by writ directed to Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis (“Henry of Lancaster, nephew of the king”, Edward I), by which he is held to have become Baron Lancaster.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/ORIGINS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Origins

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

WIKIPEDIA
BARON LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Baron_Lancaster

[813]

HENRY OF LANCASTER WAS MARRIED WITH MAUD CHAWORTH, MATERNAL HALFSISTER OF HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”Sometime before 2 March 1297 [1], when he was about fifteen, Henry married the heiress Maud Chaworth (elder half-sister of Hugh Despenser the Younger), who was born on 2 February 1282 and inherited the lands of her father Patrick and uncle Payn in Carmarthenshire, Glamorgan, Hampshire and Wiltshire. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

Maud de Chaworth (2 February 1282 – 3 December 1322) was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress. She was the only child of Patrick de Chaworth. Sometime before 2 March 1297, she married Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, by whom she had seven children.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth

[814]

”He took part in the Siege of Caerlaverock in July 1300.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/ORIGINS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#O rigins

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

WIKIPEDIA
CAERLAVEROCK CASTLE/SIEGE OF CAERLAVEROCK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Caerlaverock_Castle#Siege_of_C aerlaverock

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
CAERLAVEROCK CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Caerlaverock_Castle

[815]

”Henry accompanied his uncle Edward I on the Flanders campaign of 1297, when he was perhaps only sixteen – he wasn’t paid for it – and took part in the king’s siege of Caerlaverock three years later; the Roll of Arms of Caerlaverock says of him:
“I may go on to speak of Henry,
Whose whole daily study
Was to resemble his good father…”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaster.html

[816]

”Henry accompanied his elder brother and their cousin by marriage Jan of Brabant – husband of Edward II’s sister Margaret – on several visits to their cousin the future king in 1293, and were with him for his ninth birthday on 25 April.  The boys stayed with Edward again in June, Henry and Thomas accompanied by thirty horses and twenty-one servants and Jan by thirty horses and twenty-four servants, much to the exasperation of Edward’s clerk, as Edward’s household had to bear all the costs (“They are still here” and “Here they are still, and this day is burdensome,” the clerk wrote).  In September 1293 Henry stayed with Edward again, for longer than expected, as he fell ill. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[817]

”At their coronation several weeks later, Henry carried “the royal rod [virga], at the top of which was a dove” in the procession.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaster.html

”He served in the coronation of his cousin, King Edward II of England, on 25 February 1308, carrying Curtana, the sword of St Edward the Confessor.”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster#Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[818]

” At the beginning of the King’s reign, Lancaster openly supported Edward, but as the conflict between the king and the nobles wore on, Lancaster’s allegiances changed. He despised the royal favouritePiers Gaveston, who mocked him as “the Fiddler”[citation needed], and swore revenge when Gaveston demanded that the King dismiss one of Lancaster’s retainers.Lancaster was one of the Lords Ordainers who demanded the banishment of Gaveston and the establishment of a baronial oligarchy. His private army helped separate the King and Gaveston, and Lancaster was one of the “judges” who convicted Gaveston and saw him executed.”

…..
…..

”The new leadership, eventually headed by Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his son Hugh the younger Despenser, proved no more popular with the Baronage[vague], and in 1321 Lancaster was again at the head of a rebellion. This time he was defeated at the Battle of Boroughbridge, and taken prisoner.[citation needed]
Lancaster was tried by a tribunal consisting of, among others, the two DespensersEdmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and King Edward. Lancaster was not allowed to speak in his own defence, nor was he allowed to have anyone to speak for him. He was convicted of treason and sentenced to death. Because of their kinship and Lancaster’s royal blood, the King commuted the sentence to mere beheading (as opposed to being drawn, quartered, and beheaded) and Lancaster was executed near Pontefract Castle.”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster#Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War

[819]

”On the other hand, Henry’s relationship with his elder brother Thomas was, according to Thomas’s biographer John Maddicott, a distant one
………”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[820]

”How Henry got on, or not, with his brother-in-law Hugh Despenser the Younger is a matter for speculation, though he seems to have been a loving and caring father to his children and formed close relationships with them: his daughters Blanche Wake, Joan Mowbray and Maud de Burgh (and perhaps the others) lived with him most of the time even after they married, and Henry paid all or most of the expenses of his son Henry long after he reached adulthood.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[821]

”Among the men the king chose to campaign against Llywelyn and arrest him for his “diverse homicides, depredations, arsons and other offences” were:
– Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, Edward’s brother-in-law, killed at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322
– Roger Mortimer, yes, that Roger Mortimer, then in his late twenties and loyal to the king
– Roger Mortimer of Chirk, his uncle
– Bartholomew Badlesmere, steward of Edward II’s household from 1318 to 1321 and executed in 1322
– Oliver Ingham, future seneschal of Gascony, arrested with Roger Mortimer in October 1330 by Edward III
– John Giffard of Brimpsfield, executed in York in 1322
– the earl of Lancaster’s brother Henry, Edward II’s first cousin
– Rhys ap Gruffydd of South Wales, one of Edward’s staunchest supporters, even after his deposition (see below)
– Edward II’s current court favourites Roger DamoryHugh Audley and William Montacute, the latter the father of Edward III’s close friend William Montacute……..

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
AN UPRISING IN WALES, 1326
18 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2010/01/uprising- in-south-wales-1316.html

[822]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
AN UPRISING IN WALES, 1326
18 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2010/01/uprising- in-south-wales-1316.html

NOTE

THE FREE DICTIONARY

CROP UP

to appear without warning; to happen suddenly; [for something] to begin to reveal itself in the open.”

http://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/crop+up

[823]

”……Henry took part in the campaign against Llywelyn Bren in early 1316, with Sir William Montacute

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaster.html

[824]

”He joined the coalition of the earl of Hereford, Roger Mortimer and the rest – even the earl of Lancaster, who managed to overcome his hatred for the former royal favourite in his eagerness to join the growing opposition to his cousin the king.”
….
….
”On 11 March 1322, Edward II, on the advice of the earls of Kent, Pembroke, Arundel, Surrey, Richmond and Atholl, pronounced Roger Damory and the other leading Contrariants as traitors, and ordered all the sheriffs of England to arrest them, saying that they “inflicted evil against the king’s servants, conducting war against the king with banners displayed,” and that when they saw that Edward was on his way to Burton-on-Trent, “they turned their backs, set fire to the town, and fled.”
….
….
”Roger Damory died at Tutbury Priory (four miles from Burton-on-Trent) on 12 March 1322, presumably of wounds sustained fighting against the royal army, though the Lanercost chronicle and the Croniques de Londonsay he died of ‘grief’, and his widow Elizabeth claimed in 1326, rather disingenuously, that he was “pursued and oppressed so that he died.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE RISE AND FALL OF ANOTHER ROYAL FAVOURITE:
ROGER DAMORY (2)
28 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2010/01/rise-and- fall-of-royal-favourite-roger_ 28.html

”In 1321, the king’s favourite became the king’s enemy. Hugh joined the Marcher lords furious at Edward II’s behaviour in taking the Gower peninsula into his own hands, prior to granting it to Hugh Despenser, and that he was allowing yet another favourite to dominate his favour. Hugh took part in the attack on the Despensers’ lands in Wales and England in May 1321, and in August that year was one of the men who forced Edward to agree to the Despensers’ exile.”
…..
…..
”On 16 March, Hugh fought at the battle of Boroughbridge, where Edward II’s brother-in-law the earl of Hereford was killed and his cousin Lancaster captured, and executed at Pontefract six days later.
Hugh was also captured at Boroughbridge, but was spared execution thanks to the pleas of his wife Margaret, who apparently still retained a modicum of influence over her uncle the king”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
FROM FAVOURITE INTO REBEL: THE CAREER OF HUGH AUDLEY
4 NOVEMBER 2008

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2008/11/from-favourite-to-rebel-career-of-hugh.html

INTERESTING:
HUGH AUDLEY WAS THE ONLY ONE OF THE [EX] FAVOURITES
OF EDWARD II TO SURVIVE HIS REIGN!

”Hugh Audley was the only favourite of Edward II to survive the reign – being Edward’s favourite was a dangerous occupation – and also enjoyed the trust of Edward III, who raised him to comital rank.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
FROM FAVOURITE INTO REBEL: THE CAREER OF HUGH AUDLEY
4 NOVEMBER 2008

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2008/11/from-favourite-to-rebel-career-of-hugh.html

[825]

”The appointment as steward gave William constant access to the king, which translated into a great deal of political influence.  William was, with Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, said by the Flores Historiarum to be “worse than Piers” (Gaveston), and was also said to be deliberately preventing the king from reaching an accord with his powerful cousin the earl of Lancaster for his own selfish ends (see my posts on Damory and Audley for more details).”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WILLIAM MONTECUTE, ANOTHER ROYAL FAVOURITE
(2)
17 JANUARY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/01/william-montacute -another-royal_17.html

”In the spring of 1317 came the abduction – or whatever it was – of Thomas of Lancaster’s wife Alice de Lacy from Canford in Dorset by household knights of John de Warenne, earl of Surrey. Rightly or wrongly, Thomas blamed Edward II and the three knights then high in the king’s favour, Roger DamoryHugh Audley and William Montacute. Whatever the truth of Thomas’s allegations, it seems clear that Damory, Audley and Montacute were doing their best to hinder any reconciliation between the king and the earl, and at a meeting of the king’s council at Clarendon in the spring of 1317, the three openly called Thomas a traitor. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (2)
25 APRIL 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/04/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his_25.html

”In July 1318, Edward summoned a meeting of his great council at Northampton. The earl of Lancaster did not attend, and the Vita Edwardi Secundi says that the earl of Surrey, Roger Damory, Hugh Audley, William Montacute and both Hugh Despensers arrived at Northampton “in great strength, so that you would have thought they had not come to parliament, but to battle.” The author gives this as the reason for Lancaster’s non-attendance, as “he counted all the aforenamed as his deadly enemies.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE RISE AND FALL OF A ROYAL FAVOURITE:
ROGER DAMORY (2)
28 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/01/rise-and-fall-of- royal-favourite-roger_28.html

[826]

”In the spring of 1317 came the abduction – or whatever it was – of Thomas of Lancaster’s wife Alice de Lacy from Canford in Dorset by household knights of John de Warenne, earl of Surrey. Rightly or wrongly, Thomas blamed Edward II and the three knights then high in the king’s favour, Roger DamoryHugh Audley and William Montacute. Whatever the truth of Thomas’s allegations, it seems clear that Damory, Audley and Montacute were doing their best to hinder any reconciliation between the king and the earl, and at a meeting of the king’s council at Clarendon in the spring of 1317, the three openly called Thomas a traitor. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (2)
25 APRIL 2010

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2010/04/thomas-of- lancaster-and-his_25.html

”At court, and surrounded by royal favourites such as Roger Damory, Hugh Audley the Younger, William Montacute and the Despensers, Edward allowed defamatory accusations to run wild, claiming the earl was a traitor. Lancaster struck back attacking Roger Damory’s lands and castles which had to be temporarily transferred into Edward’s hands to avoid outright civil war”
”The royal favourites meddled further and planned with the earl of Surry to abduct Lancaster’s wife, Alice de Lacy, who was now estranged from her husband. The event took place on 9 May 1317.(7) For a scheme such as this Edward must have known of their plans.”

FOURTHEENTHCENTURYFIEND.COM
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE ,LIFE & EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster/

[827]

”The appointment as steward gave William constant access to the king, which translated into a great deal of political influence.  William was, with Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, said by the Flores Historiarum to be “worse than Piers” (Gaveston), and was also said to be deliberately preventing the king from reaching an accord with his powerful cousin the earl of Lancaster for his own selfish ends (see my posts on Damory and Audley for more details).”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WILLIAM MONTECUTE, ANOTHER ROYAL FAVOURITE
(2)
17 JANUARY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/01/william-montacute -another-royal_17.html

”In the spring of 1317 came the abduction – or whatever it was – of Thomas of Lancaster’s wife Alice de Lacy from Canford in Dorset by household knights of John de Warenne, earl of Surrey. Rightly or wrongly, Thomas blamed Edward II and the three knights then high in the king’s favour, Roger DamoryHugh Audley and William Montacute. Whatever the truth of Thomas’s allegations, it seems clear that Damory, Audley and Montacute were doing their best to hinder any reconciliation between the king and the earl, and at a meeting of the king’s council at Clarendon in the spring of 1317, the three openly called Thomas a traitor. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (2)
25 APRIL 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/04/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his_25.html

”In July 1318, Edward summoned a meeting of his great council at Northampton. The earl of Lancaster did not attend, and the Vita Edwardi Secundi says that the earl of Surrey, Roger Damory, Hugh Audley, William Montacute and both Hugh Despensers arrived at Northampton “in great strength, so that you would have thought they had not come to parliament, but to battle.” The author gives this as the reason for Lancaster’s non-attendance, as “he counted all the aforenamed as his deadly enemies.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE RISE AND FALL OF A ROYAL FAVOURITE:
ROGER DAMORY (2)
28 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/01/rise-and-fall-of- royal-favourite-roger_28.html

[828]

”Henry’s younger brother John died childless in 1317, and in May 1318 Edward II granted him permission to travel to France to “obtain the inheritance in that land which by the death of John de Lancastre, his brother, descended to him.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[829]

” In June 1319, Edward excused Henry from attending the siege of Berwick as he was “beyond the seas on important business.”  Henry appears to have spent much if not all of the next few years in France, to judge from the number of times Edward granted him permission and protection to remain overseas (he was still out of England in January 1322 and perhaps even later)”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[830]

SEE HENRY’S POSSESSIONS IN WALES

”Henry inherited a part of his father’s vast lands, though of course the bulk of it went to his elder brother Thomas, and was lord of Kidwelly and owned the Three Castles in Monmouthshire (Grosmont, Skenfrith and the White Castle).”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[831]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE DESPENSER WAR OF 1321
11 MARCH 2007

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2007/03/despenser- war-of-1321-part-one.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SOME LETTERS OF 1321, AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES
18 JANUARY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2007/01/some-letters-of-1321-and-their.html

[832]

”On 26 October 1320, Edward II confiscated Gower from John Mowbray and took it into royal hands. The implication was clear: he would re-grant it to his favourite. The Marcher lords were furious at this attack on their privileges, the unfairness of Edward’s actions in blatantly acting in Despenser’s interests, and being accused of treason by the royal favourite. On top of Despenser’s other abuses, it was the final straw.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE DESPENSER WAR OF 1321 (PART ONE)
11 MARCH 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2007/03/despenser-war-of-1321-part-one.html

”Just after the October 1320 parliament at Westminster, Edward ordered the peninsula of Gower in South Wales to be taken into his own hands.  To cut a very long story short, the owner of Gower, William de Braose, who had no son, promised the reversion of his land to various people: his son-in-law John, Lord Mowbray, Hugh Despenser the Younger, Roger Mortimer, lord of Wigmore, and his uncle Roger Mortimer of Chirk.  John Mowbray took possession of Gower in the autumn of 1320, which prompted the king to take it into his own hands on the grounds that Mowbray had no royal licence to enter the land, presumably with the intention of granting it to his ‘favourite’ Hugh Despenser instead, or so a lot of people assumed. ”
…….
…….
” A confederation of allies formed against Hugh Despenser the Younger and by extension the king: the two Roger Mortimers; Edward II’s brother-in-law Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford; Edward’s two former ‘favourites’ Roger Damory and Hugh Audley; Roger, Lord Clifford; John ‘the Rich’ Giffard, lord of Brimpsfield; possibly John, Lord Hastings; Sir John Charlton, formerly Edward II’s chamberlain; the earl of Lancaster’s younger brother Henry, who was Edward’s first cousin and Hugh Despenser’s brother-in-law; Maurice, Lord Berkeley and his sons Thomas and Maurice; and a whole host of other lords and knights.  It was a formidable coalition”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EXILE OF THE DESPENSERS, 29 AUGUST 1321
29 AUGUST 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2015/08/the-exile-of-despensers-29-august-1321.html

[833]

‘A confederation of allies formed against Hugh Despenser the Younger and by extension the king: the two Roger Mortimers; Edward II’s brother-in-law Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford; Edward’s two former ‘favourites’ Roger Damory and Hugh Audley; Roger, Lord Clifford; John ‘the Rich’ Giffard, lord of Brimpsfield; possibly John, Lord Hastings; Sir John Charlton, formerly Edward II’s chamberlain; the earl of Lancaster’s younger brother Henry, who was Edward’s first cousin and Hugh Despenser’s brother-in-law; Maurice, Lord Berkeley and his sons Thomas and Maurice; and a whole host of other lords and knights.  It was a formidable coalition”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EXILE OF THE DESPENSERS, 29 AUGUST 1321
25 AUGUST 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/08/the-exile-of-desp ensers-29-august-1321.html

[834]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2011/04/henry-of- lancaster.html

[835]

”The result was a foregone conclusion, and Thomas was not allowed to speak in his own defence as his crimes were deemed ‘notorious”’

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

”During the trial Lancaster was not allowed to speak or ask anyone else to raise a defence on his behalf.”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: LIFE & EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER, A GUEST POST
BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE SAME ARTICLE ON STEPHEN SPINK’S WEBSITE

FOURTEENTHCENTURYFIEND
A ROYAL TRAITOR: LIFE & EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[836]

”Lancaster’s biographer has described Holland as the Earl’s “junior partner”, but his loyalty did not extend to committing treason, and he abandoned the Earl at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 – Lancaster subsequently lost the battle. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE AMATORY ADVENTURES OF JOHN DE WARENNE
5 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/amatory-adventure s-of-john-de-warenne.html

TO YOUR ATTENTION:

THE WIKIPEDIA ABOUT SIR ROBERT HOLLAND DOESN’T GIVE THE
JUST INFORMATION

IT WRITES, THAT SIR ROBERT HOLLAND WAS FIGHTING FOR THE KING
[AFTER ABANDONING THOMAS OF LANCASTER] AND THEN SHOULD
HAVE BETRAYED THE KING AND FOUGHT WITH LANCASTER
IN THE BATTLE OF BOROUGBRIDGE
THAT IS NOT TRUE
HE BETRAYEDTHE EARL OF LANCASTER [NOT THE KING] INSTEAD OF
JOINING HIM IN THE BATTLE OF BOROUHGBRIDGE!

SEE WRONG INFORMATION
BY THE WAY: I DIDN’T CHECK THE REST OF THIS WIKIPEDIA
INFORMATION

WIKIPEDIA
ROBERT DE HOLLAND, 1ST BARON DE HOLLAND//BATTLE OF
BOROUGHBRIDGE (1322) & INVASION OF ENGLAND (1326)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Holland,_1st_Baron_Holand#Battle_of_Boroughbridge_.281322.29_.26_Invasion_of_England_.281326.29

SEE THE ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ROBERT DE HOLLAND, 1ST BARON DE HOLLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Holland,_1st_Baron_Holand

[837]

”Edward II, horrified at Holland’s treachery, imprisoned him, but he was released by Queen Isabella in 1327.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE AMATORY ADVENTURES OF JOHN DE WARENNE
5 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/amatory-adventure s-of-john-de-warenne.html

[838]

” A confederation of allies formed against Hugh Despenser the Younger and by extension the king: the two Roger Mortimers; Edward II’s brother-in-law Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford; Edward’s two former ‘favourites’ Roger Damory and Hugh Audley; Roger, Lord Clifford; John ‘the Rich’ Giffard, lord of Brimpsfield; possibly John, Lord Hastings; Sir John Charlton, formerly Edward II’s chamberlain; the earl of Lancaster’s younger brother Henry, who was Edward’s first cousin and Hugh Despenser’s brother-in-law; Maurice, Lord Berkeley and his sons Thomas and Maurice; and a whole host of other lords and knights.  It was a formidable coalition”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EXILE OF THE DESPENSERS, 29 AUGUST 1321
29 AUGUST 2015

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/08/the-exile- of-despensers-29-august-1321. html

[839]

”Sometime before 2 March 1297 [1], when he was about fifteen, Henry married the heiress Maud Chaworth (elder half-sister of Hugh Despenser the Younger), who was born on 2 February 1282 and inherited the lands of her father Patrick and uncle Payn in Carmarthenshire, Glamorgan, Hampshire and Wiltshire”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

”He married Maud Chaworth, before 2 March 1296/1297”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/ISSUE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#I ssue

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

Maud de Chaworth (2 February 1282 – 3 December 1322) was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress. She was the only child of Patrick de Chaworth. Sometime before 2 March 1297, she married Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, by whom she had seven children.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth

”Maud was the daughter of Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Baron of Kidwelly, in CarmarthenshireSouth Wales, and Isabella de Beauchamp. Her maternal grandfather was William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. Her father, Patrick de Chaworth died on 7 July 1283. He was thought to be 30 years old. Three years later, in 1286, Isabella de Beauchamp married Hugh Despenser the Elder and had two sons and four daughters by him. This made Maud the half-sister of Hugh the younger Despenser. Her mother, Isabella de Beauchamp, died in 1306.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH/PARENTS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth#Parents

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MAUD CHAWORTH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_Chaworth

[840]

”After a period of longstanding opposition to King Edward II and his advisors, including joining two open rebellions, Henry’s brother Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and had his lands and titles forfeited in 1322. Henry did not participate in his brother’s rebellions; he later petitioned for his brother’s lands and titles, and on 29 March 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/PETITION FOR SUCCESSION
AND INHERITANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#P etition_for_succession_and_inh eritance

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”Upon his death his titles and estates were forfeited, but in 1323 his younger brother Henry successfully petitioned to take possession of the Earldom of Leicester……”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA

THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[841]

”After a period of longstanding opposition to King Edward II and his advisors, including joining two open rebellions, Henry’s brother Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and had his lands and titles forfeited in 1322. Henry did not participate in his brother’s rebellions; he later petitioned for his brother’s lands and titles, and on 29 March 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/PETITION FOR SUCCESSION
AND INHERITANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#P etition_for_succession_and_inh eritance

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”Upon his death his titles and estates were forfeited, but in 1323 his younger brother Henry successfully petitioned to take possession of the Earldom of Leicester……”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA

THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[842]

”Meanwhile, Edward now heard that Henry of Leicester – Thomas of Lancaster’s brother – had also now defected to Isabella.”
”His loyalty had been in doubt anyway, but his desertion was still an enormous problem as Henry, like his brother – had large numbers of men…….”

LADY DESPENSER SCRIBERY
THE FLIGHT AND CAPTURE OF HUGH DESPENSER
AND EDWARD II 1326

http://www. ladydespensersscribery.com/ 2008/06/01/the-flight-and- capture-of-hugh-despenser-and- edward-ii-1326/

[843]

”Soon after Thomas’s death, miracles were reported at his tomb at Pontefract, and he became venerated as a martyr and saint.”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”Over a hundred years after his death miracles were said to have been worked at his tomb at Pontefract; thousands visited his effigy in St Paul’s Cathedral, London, and it was even proposed to make him a saint. ”

LUMINARIUM ENCYCLOPEDIA
THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER

http://www.luminarium.org/ency clopedia/thomasoflancaster.htm

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SAINT THOMAS OF LANCASTER
16 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/saint-thomas-of-l ancaster.html

[844]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SAINT THOMAS OF LANCASTER
16 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/saint-thomas-of-l ancaster.html

[845]

”Thomas of Lancaster’s cult grew in popularity at least in part as a reaction to the tyranny of Edward II and the Despensers’ regime.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SAINT THOMAS OF LANCASTER
16 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/saint-thomas-of-l ancaster.html

[846]

”Yet on 1 March 1322, everything changed when William Melton, the archbishop of York, came into possession of letters that had been exchanged between the Scottish Sir James Douglas and a so called ‘King Arthur’.(11) There was no doubt as to who this mysterious King Arthur was: Lancaster. Edward immediately ordered the publication of the letters and any support that Lancaster could have relied on began to quickly fall away as those around him were disgusted by his collusion with the national enemy. ”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS
OF LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[847]

MARTYRS IN THE MAKING: POLITICAL MARTYRDOM
IN LATE MEDIEVAL ENGLAND
D. PIROYANSKY
2008
CHAPTER 2
”THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER, CHRIST’S KNIGHT”
PAGE 26

[848]

MARTYRS IN THE MAKING: POLITICAL MARTYRDOM
IN LATE MEDIEVAL ENGLAND
D. PIROYANSKY
2008
CHAPTER 2
”THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER, CHRIST’S KNIGHT”
PAGE 27

[849]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SAINT THOMAS OF LANCASTER
16 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/05/saint-thomas-of-lancaster.html

[850]

”On the Queen’s return to England in September 1326 with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Henry joined her party against King Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king’s cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester, and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/REVENGE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#R evenge

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”Support for the queen and her son grew rapidly. Edward II’s remaining half-brother, the earl of Norfolk was the first to join Isabella and his brother the earl of Kent.(9) Henry of Lancaster, brother to the executed Thomas came to the queen at Dunstable”

ISABELLA, WIFE, QUEEN, REBEL (PART THREE)
STEPHEN SPINKS
10 MAY 2017

https:// fourteenthcenturyfiend.com/ 2017/05/10/isabella-wife- queen-rebel-part-three/

”At the next stopping place, Dunstaple, the Queen was joined by Henry of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, younger brother of Thomas of Lancaster the leader of the 1322 rebellion. A few days previously Henry’s men had had a lucky encounter at Leicester Abbey when Sir John Vaux, who was on his way to the Elder Despenser with his master’s treasure and household equipment, was ambushed. The valuables he was carrying were seized and their use thus denied to the King. 3 They were used instead for the maintenance of the Queen’s forces.”

DURHAM UNIVERSITY THESIS
THE REGIME OF ISABELLA AND MORTIMER 1326-1330
HARDING, DAVID ANTHONY
1985
PAGE 18

http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/7483/ 1/7483_4548.pdf?UkUDh:CyT

[851]

”Lancaster was one of the Lords Ordainers who demanded the banishment of Gaveston and the establishment of a baronial oligarchy. His private army helped separate the King and Gaveston, and Lancaster was one of the “judges” who convicted Gaveston and saw him executed.”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

WIKIPEDIA
PIERS GAVESTON, 1ST EARL OF CORNWALL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Piers_Gaveston,_1st_Earl_of_Co rnwall

[852]

”Meanwhile, Edward now heard that Henry of Leicester – Thomas of Lancaster’s brother – had also now defected to Isabella. His loyalty had been in doubt anyway, but his desertion was still an enormous problem as Henry, like his brother – had large numbers of men and they were now committed to the enemy cause instead of his own. ”

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
THE FLIGHT AND CAPTURE OF HUGH DESPENSER
AND EDWARD II 1326

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/06/01/the-flight- and-capture-of-hugh-despenser- and-edward-ii-1326/

[853]

In a rather ineffectual damage limitation exercise, Edward sent Hugh’s son Hugh (the even younger) along with Donald of Mar, Edmund Hacluyt and Bogo de Knovyll (also of dubious allegiance) to seize the earl’s castles of Grosmond, Skenfrith and White Castle in the marches”

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY

THE FLIGHT AND CAPTURE OF HUGH DESPENSER
AND EDWARD II 1326

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/06/01/the-flight- and-capture-of-hugh-despenser- and-edward-ii-1326/

‘By 10 October Lancaster’s defection was known to the King for on that day orders were issued for the seizure of his castles and lands in the Welsh March.”

DURHAM UNIVERSITY THESIS
THE REGIME OF ISABELLA AND MORTIMER 1326-1330
HARDING, DAVID ANTHONY
1985
PAGE 18

http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/7483/ 1/7483_4548.pdf?UkUDh:CyT

[854]

”He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of the king’s new favourite, Hugh Despenser the Younger and his father Hugh Despenser the Elder, who stole some of the young earl’s lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS OF BROTHERTON, 1ST EARL OF NORFOLK/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_ Earl_of_Norfolk#Career

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS OF BROTHERTON, 1ST EARL OF NORFOLK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_ Earl_of_Norfolk

[855]

”In August, Isabella and Mortimer invaded England with mercenary soldiers, and Edmund took part in the invasion.[29] The invasion won the support of a great part of the English nobility, including Edmund’s brother Thomas, and Henry, Earl of Lancaster, Thomas of Lancaster’s brother”

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK/DEPOSITION OF EDWARD II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent#Deposition_of_Edward_I I

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent

[856]

” At this point he became involved in another plot against the court, when he was convinced by rumours that his brother was still alive.[34][g] It later emerged that Roger Mortimer himself was responsible for leading Edmund into this belief, in a form of entrapment.[35] The plot was revealed, and in the parliament of March 1330 Edmund was indicted and condemned to death as a traitor”

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK, 1ST EARL OF KENT/DEATH AND AFTERMATH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent#Death_and_aftermath

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK, 1ST EARL OF KENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CONSPIRACY OF THE EARL OF KENT, 1330 (1)
25 NOVEMBER 2007

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2007/11/ conspiracy-of-earl-of-kent- 1330-1.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CONSPIRACY OF THE EARL OF KENT, 1330 (2)
28 NOVEMBER 2007

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2007/11/ conspiracy-of-earl-of-kent- 1330-2.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CONSPIRACY OF THE EARL OF KENT, 1330 (3)
6 DECEMBER 2007

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2007/12/ conspiracy-of-earl-of-kent- 1330-3.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CONSPIRACY OF THE EARL OF KENT, 1330 (4)
10 DECEMBER 2007

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2007/12/more-on- men-who-helped-earl-of-kent- in.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
19 MARCH 1330: EXECUTION OF THE EARL
OF KENT
19 MARCH 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2014/03/19-march-1330-execution-of-earl-of-kent.html

[857]

”Hugh Despenser the Elder, Earl of Winchester. Born 1261/2. A loyal royal servant all his life, and the only English nobleman who was faithful to Edward II from beginning to end.”
……
…….
”He was given a mock trial by Mortimer, Isabella, Henry of Lancaster and a few others at Bristol Castle in October 1326, in what was clearly intended as a parody of Thomas of Lancaster’s trial. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

[858]

DICTIONARY.COM

WHAT GOES AROUND, COMES AROUND

”Retribution follows wrongdoi ng; justice may take time, but  it willprevail ”

http://www.dictionary.com/brow se/what-goes-around-comes-arou nd

[859]

”Thomas was put on trial in the great hall of his own castle, the justice Robert Malberthorpe, Edward, the Despensers, the earls of Kent, Pembroke, Richmond, Surrey, Arundel and the Scottish earls of Angus and Atholl sitting in judgement on him.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[860]

”Hugh Despenser the Elder, Earl of Winchester. Born 1261/2. A loyal royal servant all his life, and the only English nobleman who was faithful to Edward II from beginning to end.”
…..
……
”He was hanged in his armour, his head was sent to Winchester on a spear, and his body was cut up and fed to dogs…..”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

[861]

”Hugh Despenser the Elder, Earl of Winchester. Born 1261/2. A loyal royal servant all his life, and the only English nobleman who was faithful to Edward II from beginning to end.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

[862]

”He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath in South Wales

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/REVENGE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#R evenge

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

”It was around this time that he and Hugh must have been informed that Bristol castle had fallen and Hugh the elder had been executed by hanging. His eldest son, prince Edward had been declared as the guardian of the realm in the king’s absence and Henry of Leicester had been authorised to take a force into Wales and arrest him.”

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
THE FLIGHT AND CAPTURE OF HUGH DESPENSER
AND EDWARD II 1326

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/06/01/the-flight- and-capture-of-hugh-despenser- and-edward-ii-1326/

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
16 NOVEMBER 1326: CAPTURE OF EDWARD II

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2012/11/16-november-1326- capture-of-edward-ii.html

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
THE FLIGHT AND CAPTURE OF HUGH DESPENSER
AND EDWARD II 1326

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/06/01/the-flight- and-capture-of-hugh-despenser- and-edward-ii-1326/

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/INVASION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#Invasion

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[863]

”After Edward II’s forced abdication in January 1327, he was first ‘imprisoned’ at Kenilworth Castle, under the care of his cousin Henry of Lancaster, who treated him with respect and honour.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S DEATH?
21 SEPTEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/09/edward-iis-death- part-one.html

[864]

”It was reported by several chroniclers that, since the capture, Hugh had refused all food and water in an attempt to try and starve himself to death before his execution.”

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
HUGH’S LAST JOURNEY, 1326

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/06/12/hughs-last- journey-1326/

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ENTRAILS AND EMASCULATION
24 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/entrails-and-emas culation.html

[865]

”As had happened at the trial of Thomas of Lancaster in 1322, Hugh was not permitted to speak in his defence”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ENTRAILS AND EMASCULATION
24 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/entrails-and-emas culation.html

[866]

”Four days later both Trussell and his son fought on the rebels’ side at the Battle of Boroughbridge.”
….
….
”Trussell fled to France”
…..
…..
”Trussell then joined up with Queen Isabella and Mortimer in Paris before moving to Flanders where he was allegedly tasked with helping to build an invasion army by William I, Count of Hainaut.[6] Trussell accompanied Isabella and Mortimer when they landed in England on 22 Sep 1326 at the start of their Invasion of England.”

WIKIPEDIA
WILLIAM TRUSSELL/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Trussell#Career

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
WILLIAM TRUSSELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Trussell

[867]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CAHRGES AGAINST HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER
19 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/04/charges-against-h ugh-despenser-younger.html

[868]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CAHRGES AGAINST HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER
19 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/04/charges-against-h ugh-despenser-younger.html

[869]

WIKIPEDIA
HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Hugh_Despenser_the_Younger

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
EXECUTION DAYNOVEMBER 24TH 1326

http://www. ladydespensersscribery.com/ 2008/06/25/execution-day- november-24th-1326/

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CAHRGES AGAINST HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER
19 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/04/charges-against-h ugh-despenser-younger.html

[870]

”His trial and execution therefore took place at Hereford on 24 November. 2 As had happened at Bristol in the case of his father, William Trussel presided while Henry of Lancaster, the Earls of Norfolk and Kent, Roger Mortimer and other magnates sat with him.”

DURHAM UNIVERSITY THESIS
THE REGIME OF ISABELLA AND MORTIMER 1326-1330
HARDING, DAVID ANTHONY
1985
PAGE 36

http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/7483/ 1/7483_4548.pdf?UkUDh:CyT

[871]

”In that moment something fundamental happened. From here on in opposition to the crown, and Edward II in particular was now a dangerous, all-consuming affair. Should anyone wish to challenge the king or his policies which was previously a right of the nobility, they now risked the ultimate penalty. Lancaster had begun the precedent with the murder of Piers Gaveston in 1312, but this itself was murder and beyond the law. By 1322, Edward II by choosing to execute Lancaster through a legal but dubious process, was changing the law to suit his needs and this set a dangerous and far reaching precedent both for future generations, but more pertinently for Edward himself.”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBSITE OF SPEPHEN SPINKS

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

Although it was a small battle, as far as battles go, Boroughbridge was extremely important to Edward II as it eliminated most of the opposition against him in one go. The rebel coalition had fallen apart at the seams: the two Mortimers were in prison, as was Audley; Damory was dead as was Hereford and de Clifford and Lancaster had been executed.”

….
”With their enemies wiped out there was now nothing to stop Edward and the Despensers carrying on as before.
……
……”

WHICH LED TO THEIR DOWNFAL….[MY ADDITION]

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
THE BATTLE OF BOROUGHBRIDGE AND ITS CONSEQUENCES

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/03/16/the-battle- of-boroughbridge-and-its-conse quences/

”As had happened at the trial of Thomas of Lancaster in 1322, Hugh was not permitted to speak in his defence…..”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ENTRAILS AND EMASCULATION
24 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/entrails-and-emas culation.html

”Hugh Despenser the Elder, Earl of Winchester. Born 1261/2. A loyal royal servant all his life, and the only English nobleman who was faithful to Edward II from beginning to end.”
…..
…..
”He was given a mock trial by Mortimer, Isabella, Henry of Lancaster and a few others at Bristol Castle in October 1326, in what was clearly intended as a parody of Thomas of Lancaster’s trial. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

[872]

”The second letter was written on 20 November 1311 to Sir Robert Holland, adherent and – apparently – friend of Edward’s first cousin and enemy Thomas, earl of Lancaster (and about whom I’m intending to write a blog post sometime).  The letter reads:
“Edward by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland and duke of Aquitaine, to our dear and faithful Sir Robert de Holand, greetings.  We make known to you that we are very joyous and pleased about the good news we have heard concerning the improvement in our dear cousin and faithful subject Thomas, earl of Lancaster, and that he will soon be able to ride in comfort.  And we send you word and dearly pray that, as soon as he is comfortable and able to ride without hurt to his body, you should ask him to be so good as to hasten to us at our parliament and that you yourself should kindly come in his company to our said parliament if you can, for love of us.  Given under our privy seal at Westminster on the twentieth day of November in the fifth year of our reign.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
TWO OF EDWARD II’S LETTERS
27 JANUARY 2012

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2012/01/two-of-edward-iis -letters.html

[873]

”Yet on 1 March 1322, everything changed when William Melton, the archbishop of York, came into possession of letters that had been exchanged between the Scottish Sir James Douglas and a so called ‘King Arthur’.(11) There was no doubt as to who this mysterious King Arthur was: Lancaster. Edward immediately ordered the publication of the letters and any support that Lancaster could have relied on began to quickly fall away as those around him were disgusted by his collusion with the national enemy. Lancaster’s most reliable and loyal retainer Sir Robert Holland deserted the earl in his hour of need, and instead crossed over to Edward’s side.”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBSITE OF SPEPHEN SPINKS

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

”Lancaster’s biographer has described Holland as the Earl’s “junior partner”, but his loyalty did not extend to committing treason, and he abandoned the Earl at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 – Lancaster subsequently lost the battle. …….”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE AMATORY ADVENTURES OF JOHN DE WARENNE
5 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/amatory-adventure s-of-john-de-warenne.html

[874]

‘Lancaster’s biographer has described Holland as the Earl’s “junior partner”, but his loyalty did not extend to committing treason, and he abandoned the Earl at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 – Lancaster subsequently lost the battle. Edward II, horrified at Holland’s treachery, imprisoned him……

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE AMATORY ADVENTURES OF JOHN DE WARENNE
5 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/amatory-adventure s-of-john-de-warenne.html

[875]

”Lancaster’s biographer has described Holland as the Earl’s “junior partner”, but his loyalty did not extend to committing treason, and he abandoned the Earl at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 – Lancaster subsequently lost the battle. Edward II, horrified at Holland’s treachery, imprisoned him, but he was released by Queen Isabella in 1327………”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE AMATORY ADVENTURES OF JOHN DE WARENNE
5 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/amatory-adventure s-of-john-de-warenne.html

[876]

‘Lancaster’s biographer has described Holland as the Earl’s “junior partner”, but his loyalty did not extend to committing treason, and he abandoned the Earl at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 – Lancaster subsequently lost the battle. Edward II, horrified at Holland’s treachery, imprisoned him, but he was released by Queen Isabella in 1327. On 15 October 1328, Holland was captured at Boreham Wood in Essex by some of Lancaster’s adherents; they beheaded him, and sent the head to Lancaster’s brother Henry.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE AMATORY ADVENTURES OF JOHN DE WARENNE
5 APRIL 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/04/amatory-adventure s-of-john-de-warenne.html

[877]

”Lancaster may have played by Mortimer’s hands by, at least condoning,
if not organised himself, the murder of Robert Holland, whose decisive
betrayal of Thomas of Lancaster in 1322 had been never forgiven by
the more embittered Lancastrian followers.”

THE TYRANNY AND FALLOF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 218

””With someone like Sir Robert Holland, Thomas of Lancaster’s close ally who also abandoned him in 1321/22 and was murdered by some of Thomas’s former adherents in 1328, you can see that Henry must still have been angry with Holland for his betrayal, as he took his killers under his protection.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE MURDER OF SIR ROGER BELERS
14 SEPTEMBER 2012

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2012/09/the-murder-of-sir -roger-belers.html

[878]

”After Edward II’s forced abdication in January 1327, he was first ‘imprisoned’ at Kenilworth Castle, under the care of his cousin Henry of Lancaster, who treated him with respect and honour.

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S DEATH (?)
21 SEPTEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/09/edward-iis-death- part-one.html

[879]

”In 1327 he was made chief of the Council of Regency”

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://www.britannica.com/ biography/Henry-3rd-Earl-of- Lancaster

[880]

”Upon his death his titles and estates were forfeited, but in 1323 his younger brother Henry successfully petitioned to take possession of the Earldom of Leicester, and in 1326 or 1327 Parliament posthumously reversed Thomas’s conviction…….”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[881]

”In 1327 he was made chief of the Council of Regency, and after entering a petition in Parliament he was reinstated to much of the Lancastrian inheritance and allowed the title of Earl of Lancaster.”

ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://www.britannica.com/ biography/Henry-3rd-Earl-of- Lancaster

[882]

MARTYRS IN THE MAKING: POLITICAL MARTYRDOM
IN LATE MEDIEVAL ENGLAND
D. PIROYANSKY
2008
CHAPTER 2
”THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER, CHRIST’S KNIGHT”
PAGE 27

[883]

”After Edward II’s forced abdication in January 1327, he was first ‘imprisoned’ at Kenilworth Castle, under the care of his cousin Henry of Lancaster, who treated him with respect and honour. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S DEATH?
21 SEPTEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/09/edward-iis-death- part-one.html

[884]

”To add to their problems, a group of Edward’s supporters were plotting to free him from Kenilworth in March 1327. The gang’s leaders were the Dunheved (or Dunhead) brothers: Thomas, a Dominican friar and King Edward’s confessor, and Stephen, Lord of Dunchurch in Warwickshire. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327 : PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOSE LAWLESS DUNHEVEDS
8 JULY 2017

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2017/07/those-lawless-dun heveds.html

[885]

”Those opposed to the new government began to make plans to free Edward, and Roger Mortimer decided to move Edward to the more secure location of Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, where the former King arrived around 5 April 1327”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/DEATH AND AFTERMATH

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[886]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327, PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

[887]

”The Lord of Berkeley was Thomas, who was born about 1293/97, and married Roger Mortimer’s eldest daughter Margaret in 1319. He and his father Maurice were imprisoned by Edward in early 1322, during Edward’s successful campaign against the earl of Lancaster and the Marcher lords, and Maurice died in prison at Wallingford Castle in 1326. Thomas, therefore, had every reason to detest the former king, and given that his father-in-law was now the main power in England, every reason to remain loyal to him.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327, PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

ABOUT THE FATHER OF THOMAS DE BERKELEY, MAURICE BERKELEY,
WHO DIED IN PRISON

”He joined the Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster in his rebellion against his first cousin King Edward II and the Despencers.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAURICE DE BERKELEY, SECOND BARON BERKELEY/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maurice_de_Berkeley,_2nd_Baron _Berkeley#Career

”Berkeley was imprisoned by the Despencers in Wallingford Castle in Berkshire (now in Oxfordshire), where he died on 31 May 1326 and was eventually buried in St Augustine’s Abbey (now Bristol Cathedral) in Bristol, founded by his ancestor. He was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley (born c. 1296).”

WIKIPEDIA
MAURICE DE BERKELEY, SECOND BARON BERKELEY/MARRIAGES AND
CHILDREN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maurice_de_Berkeley,_2nd_Baron _Berkeley#Marriages_and_childr en

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MAURICE DE BERKELEY, SECOND BARON BERKELEY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maurice_de_Berkeley,_2nd_Baron _Berkeley

[888]

”Also, Henry – although an ally of the couple and Isabella’s uncle – was a political danger. To ensure his support, Isabella and Mortimer had promised him his brother’s earldom of Lancaster, but the huge lands and revenues of the earldom gave him great power, and his brother Thomas had used that power to constantly disagree with and thwart Edward. Although Isabella and Mortimer had needed Henry’s support during their revolution, they now had to neutralise him. Custody of the king gave him enormous leverage over them – he could threaten them with Edward’s restoration any time he was dissatisfied, and they didn’t want Henry to wield the kind of disruptive power his brother had.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327: PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

[889]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327: PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

[890]

”In late March 1327, the former Edward II was removed from Kenilworth and sent to Berkeley Castle, in Gloucestershire. It’s not clear if Henry of Lancaster agreed to Edward’s removal – ‘washed his hands of him’, in Paul Doherty’s words – or if it was forced on him”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327: PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

[891]

”According to Ian Mortimer’s recent biography of Edward III, Roger Mortimer supervised Edward’s removal himself, and Henry was furious……”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327: PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

[892]

” Once at the castle, Edward was kept in the custody of Mortimer’s son-in-law, Thomas Berkeley, and John Maltravers, who were given £5 a day for Edward’s maintenance.[296] It is unclear how well cared for Edward was; the records show luxury goods being bought on his behalf, but some chroniclers suggest that he was often mistreated”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/DEATH (1327)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#Death_.28 1327.29

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[893]

”The Lord of Berkeley was Thomas, who was born about 1293/97, and married Roger Mortimer’s eldest daughter Margaret in 1319. He and his father Maurice were imprisoned by Edward in early 1322, during Edward’s successful campaign against the earl of Lancaster and the Marcher lords, and Maurice died in prison at Wallingford Castle in 1326. Thomas, therefore, had every reason to detest the former king, and given that his father-in-law was now the main power in England, every reason to remain loyal to him.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II IN CUSTODY 1327, PART ONE
10 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/edward-ii-in-cust ody-1327-part-one.html

ABOUT THE FATHER OF THOMAS DE BERKELEY, MAURICE BERKELEY,
WHO DIED IN PRISON

”He joined the Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster in his rebellion against his first cousin King Edward II and the Despencers.”

WIKIPEDIA
MAURICE DE BERKELEY, SECOND BARON BERKELEY/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maurice_de_Berkeley,_2nd_ Baron_Berkeley#Career

”Berkeley was imprisoned by the Despencers in Wallingford Castle in Berkshire (now in Oxfordshire), where he died on 31 May 1326 and was eventually buried in St Augustine’s Abbey (now Bristol Cathedral) in Bristol, founded by his ancestor. He was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley (born c. 1296).”

WIKIPEDIA
MAURICE DE BERKELEY, SECOND BARON BERKELEY/MARRIAGES AND
CHILDREN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maurice_de_Berkeley,_2nd_ Baron_Berkeley#Marriages_and_ children

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MAURICE DE BERKELEY, SECOND BARON BERKELEY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maurice_de_Berkeley,_2nd_ Baron_Berkeley

[894]

”When Edward was detained in custody in 1327 after his forced abdication in favour of his and Isabella’s son Edward III, Isabella continued to send him gifts and letters ……..”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ISABELLA OF FRANCE AND HER RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II
15 SEPTEMBER 2013

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2013/09/isabella-of- france-and-her-relationship. html

[895]

”When Edward was detained in custody in 1327 after his forced abdication in favour of his and Isabella’s son Edward III, Isabella continued to send him gifts and letters – something she had absolutely no reason to do unless she genuinely wanted to, which again implies that despite everything, Isabella still felt affection for the difficult, unpredictable, erratic, fiercely emotional man who had been her husband for nearly twenty years and whose existence had been a constant in her life since she was a toddler.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ISABELLA OF FRANCE AND HER RELATIONSHIP WITH
EDWARD II
15 SEPTEMBER 2013

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2013/09/isabella- of-france-and-her- relationship.html

[896]

” The Berkeley Castle muniments roll records the purchase of wine, cheese, eggs, beef, capons and spices for Edward (Seymour Phillips, Edward II, p. 541 n. 118, citing rolls 39, 41, 42)”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD OF CAERNARFON AND ROTTING ANIMAL
CORPSES
11 JULY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/07/edward-of-caernar fon-and-rotting-animal.html

[897]

”Controversy rapidly surrounded Edward’s death.[331] With Mortimer’s execution in 1330, rumours began to circulate that Edward had been murdered at Berkeley Castle. Accounts that he had been killed by the insertion of a red-hot iron or poker into his anus slowly began to circulate, possibly as a result of deliberate propaganda; chroniclers in the mid-1330s and 1340s spread this account further, supported in later years by Geoffrey le Baker’s colourful account of the killing.[332] It became incorporated into most later histories of Edward, typically being linked to his possible homosexuality.[333] Most historians now dismiss this account of Edward’s death, querying the logic in Edward’s captors murdering him in such an easily detectable fashion.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/CONTROVERSIES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#Controver sies

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

HISTORY EXTRA
THE BIG DEBATE: WAS EDWARD II REALLY MURDERED?
25 APRIL 2016

http://www.historyextra.com/ar ticle/premium/big-debate-was-e dward-ii-really-murdered

A NOTE ON THE DEATHS OF EDWARD II
IAN MORTIMER

http://www.ianmortimer.com/Edw ardII/death.htm

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE FIESCHI LETTER, EDWARD II’S MOVEMENTS IN 1326, AND
MANUELE FIESCHI
10 DECEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/12/the-fieschi-lette r-edward-iis-movements.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT]
ODDITIES IN THE NARRATIVES OF EDWARD II’S DEATH
10 OCTOBER 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/10/oddities-in-narra tive-of-edward-iis.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EARL OF KENT’S PLOT OF 1329/30
REVISITED
2 MAY 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2014/05/the-earl-of-kents -plot-of-132930.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
19 MARCH 1330: THE EXECUTION OF THE EARL OF KENT
19 MARCH 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2014/03/19-march-1330-exe cution-of-earl-of-kent.html

[898]

WIKIPEDIA
TREATY OF EDINBURGH-NORTHAMPTON

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Treaty_of_Edinburgh%E2%80% 93Northampton

[899]

”Lancaster was furious over the passing of the Treaty of Northampton, and refused to attend court,[121] mobilising support amongst the commoners of London”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT, 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[900]

”In the November after Bannockburn Beaumont was one of those affected by the sentence of forfeiture passed by the Scottish parliament against all those with land and title in Scotland who continued to fight with the English. Thus was created that class of nobility known as the disinherited. Although this also included men of greater standing like David III Strathbogie, titular Earl of Atholl, Beaumont was to prove by far the most determined in the pursuit of his lost honours.He fought on the side of Edward II at the Battle of Boroughbridge in 1322. However, when Edward II entered into truce negotiations with the Scots in May 1323, Beaumont, hitherto a close associate of the king, argued against any agreement which disregarded the claims of the disinherited, for whom he had become the leading spokesman. Edward overruled Beaumont and the two quarrelled”
…….
……..

”Anxious to break the deadlock in the north Isabella and Mortimer persuaded Parliament to accept the terms of the Treaty of Northampton, which ignored, once again, the claims of the disinherited. Many of the senior nobility were ashamed of what they considered to be a shameful peace; and when Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster rose in revolt in late 1328 he was joined by Henry Beaumont, Thomas Wake, Henry Ferrers, Thomas Rosselin and David de Strathbogie, the latter now married to Beaumont’s daughter, Katherine.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT/THE DESINHERITED

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont#.22The_Disin herited.22

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/05/with-irreverent-m ind-adventurous-career.html

[901]

[901]

” Edward III initially opposed this policy, before eventually relenting,[116] leading to the Treaty of Northampton. Under this treaty, Isabella’s daughter Joan would marry David Bruce (heir apparent to the Scottish throne) and Edward III would renounce any claims on Scottish lands, in exchange for the promise of Scottish military aid against any enemy except the French, and £20,000 in compensation for the raids across northern England. No compensation would be given to those earls who had lost their Scottish estates, and the compensation would be taken by Isabella”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[902]

”There were plenty of deeper reasons for Lancaster’s hostility.
Mortimer had usurped his position of chief councillor to the King
and Lancaster was even allegedly denied access to Edward”

THE TYRANNY AND FALLOF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 218

[903]


The beginnings of an open confrontation between Lancaster and
Mortimer at the time of the Salisbury parliament in october 1328
may perhaps be best interpreted as an attempt by Lancaster to reassert
his personal influence over the King, which completely miscarried”

THE TYRANNY AND FALLOF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 218

[904]

‘Lancaster’s open breach with the Court seems to have started
in the middle of September 1328, when he ceases to attest royal charters”

THE TYRANNY AND FALLOF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 218

[905]

”Meanwhile, Edward now heard that Henry of Leicester – Thomas of Lancaster’s brother – had also now defected to Isabella. His loyalty had been in doubt anyway, but his desertion was still an enormous problem as Henry, like his brother – had large numbers of men and they were now committed to the enemy cause instead of his own.”

LADY DESPENSER’S SCRIBERY
THE FLIGHT AND CAPTURE OF HUGH DESPENSER
AND EDWARD II 1326

http://www.ladydespensersscrib ery.com/2008/06/01/the-flight- and-capture-of-hugh-despenser- and-edward-ii-1326/

[906]

”Isabella and Mortimer ruled together for four years, with Isabella’s period as regent marked by the acquisition of huge sums of money and land. ”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/LATER YEARS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#Later_years

”The new regime also faced some key foreign policy dilemmas, which Isabella approached from a realist perspective.[115]  The first of these was the situation in Scotland, where Edward II’s unsuccessful policies had left an unfinished, tremendously expensive war. Isabella was committed to bringing this issue to a conclusion by diplomatic means. Edward III initially opposed this policy, before eventually relenting,[116] leading to the Treaty of Northampton. Under this treaty, Isabella’s daughter Joan would marry David Bruce (heir apparent to the Scottish throne) and Edward III would renounce any claims on Scottish lands, in exchange for the promise of Scottish military aid against any enemy except the French, and £20,000 in compensation for the raids across northern England. No compensation would be given to those earls who had lost their Scottish estates, and the compensation would be taken by Isabella.[117] Although strategically successful and, historically at least, “a successful piece of policy making”,[118] Isabella’s Scottish policy was by no means popular and contributed to the general sense of discontent with the regime.”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT, 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent. 2C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

”Following the removal of the Despensers, Roger set to work in restoring the status of his supporters, primarily in the Marches, and hundreds of pardons and restorations of property were made in the first year of the new king’s reign.[15] Rich estates and offices of profit and power were heaped on Mortimer. He was made constable of Wallingford Castle and in September 1328 he was created Earl of March. However, although in military terms he was far more competent than the Despensers, his ambition was troubling to all.”
…..
…..
”During his short time as ruler of England he took over the lordships of DenbighOswestry, and Clun (the first of which belonged to Despenser, the latter two had been the Earl of Arundel’s). He was also granted the marcher lordship of Montgomery by the queen.[citation needed]The jealousy and anger of many nobles were aroused by Mortimer’s use of power”

WIKIPEDIA
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH/POWERS WON AND LOST

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Roger_Mortimer,_1st_Earl_of_Ma rch#Powers_won_and_lost

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Roger_Mortimer,_1st_Earl_of_Ma rch

[907]

”By the end of 1328 the situation had descended into near civil war once again, with Lancaster mobilising his army against Isabella and Mortimer”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT, 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[908]

”In January 1329 Isabella’s forces under Mortimer’s command took Lancaster’s stronghold of Leicester, followed by Bedford; Isabella – wearing armour, and mounted on a warhorse – and Edward III marched rapidly north, resulting in Lancaster’s surrender.”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT, 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[909]

”He escaped death but was subjected to a colossal fine, effectively crippling his power”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT, 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[910]

Underlying Wikipedia information is not completely correct, since Wikipedia does”t mention,
that Isabella explicitly excluded Beaumont
from the pardon, which compelled him to have fled the country

SEE ALSO

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

”Isabella was merciful to those who had aligned themselves with him, although some – such as her old supporter Henry de Beaumont, whose family had split from Isabella over the peace with Scotland, which had lost them huge land holdings in Scotland[127] – fled to France”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[911]

” In the autumn of 1328, Edmund and his brother Thomas joined Henry of Lancaster in a conspiracy against Isabella and Mortimer.
The conspiracy was a product of shared interest, however, rather than strong personal ties. Once it became clear that it would fail, the two brothers abandoned the venture.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK, 1ST EARL OF KENT/DEPOSITION OF
EDWARD II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent#Deposition_of_Edward_I I

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK, 1ST EARL OF KENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent

[912]

”It did not take long for Edmund to grow disenchanted with the new regime; one source of contention was the dominant position at court of Mortimer, who has been described as Isabella’s lover”

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK, 1ST EARL OF KENT/DEPOSITION OF
EDWARD II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent#Deposition_of_Edward_ II

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND OF WOODSTOCK, 1ST EARL OF KENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_ of_Kent

[913]

”The Scottish war may also have played a part in estranging
from the government the two brothers of Edward Ii, the Earls of
Norfolk and Kent”

THE TYRANNY AND FALLOF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 217

[914]

”Hating the favourites of Edward II, Wake joined Queen Isabella in 1326 and was a member of the small council which advised the young king, Edward III;”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS WAKE, 2ND BARON WAKE OF LIDELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Wake,_2nd_Baron_Wake_of _Liddell

[915]

soon, however, he broke away from the queen and her ally, Roger Mortimer, and in conjunction with his father-in-law, now earl of Lancaster, he joined the malcontent barons”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS WAKE, 2ND BARON WAKE OF LIDELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Wake,_2nd_Baron_Wake_of _Liddell

[916]

WIKIPEDIA
IURE UXORIS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Jure_uxoris

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont

[917]

”For many years, he was a staunch supporter of the king, fighting for Edward at Bannockburn and attending Piers Gaveston’s funeral in January 1315”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

[918]

”Henry remained staunchly loyal to Edward during his 1321/22 campaign against the Marcher lords, and fought against the earl of Lancaster at the battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

‘He fought on the side of Edward II at the Battle of Boroughbridge in 1322”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT/THE DISINHERITED

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont#.22The_Disin herited.22

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont

[919]

”He also accompanied the king on the Scottish campaign later that year, and it was Edward’s thirteen-year truce with Scotland in May 1323 which finally pushed Henry into opposition to him. Henry had a strong claim to the earldom of Buchan via his wife, and if Edward made peace with Scotland, Henry would never be able to claim his title and lands. At a meeting of Edward’s counsellors at Bishopthorpe on 30 May 1323, Edward asked their advice about the truce. Henry, “with an excessive motion and irreverent mind,” refused to advise the king, and continued to refuse. Edward lost his temper and ordered him out of the room, whereupon Henry retorted that “it would please him more to be absent than to be present.” Five days later, Edward ordered his arrest for this “contempt and disobedience.”
…..
……

”Henry did not remain long in custody, however, and Edward trusted him enough in 1324 to send him as an envoy to France. He was still sufficiently in favour with the king in September 1325 to travel abroad with Edward’s son, and witnessed the young duke of Aquitaine performing homage to Charles IV on 24 September. Unlike other opponents of the king, however, Henry did not remain in France with Queen Isabella, but returned to England, a bad mistake: the Sempringham annalist says he was imprisoned at Kenilworth Castle in February 1326 “because he would not swear to the king and to Sir Hugh Despenser the son, to be of their part to live and die,” a story confirmed by the Croniques de London and the judgement on Hugh Despenser the Younger”
[3] Henry was certainly in prison at Warwick Castle in early August 1326. [4]

Henry must have been released soon after Isabella and Roger Mortimer’s invasion force arrived in the autumn of 1326, and joined the queen at Gloucester in mid-October.

…..
……

”Henry was much in favour with the new regime after late 1326, and can hardly be blamed for his abandonment of Edward II, who had imprisoned him. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

[920]

”Henry was much in favour with the new regime after late 1326, and can hardly be blamed for his abandonment of Edward II, who had imprisoned him. But Isabella and Roger Mortimer were unable to hold his loyalty for more than two years. Henry was infuriated by their treaty with Robert Bruce in 1328, which acknowledged Bruce as king of Scots and meant that he would never be able to claim his earldom or his lands. He joined the earl of Lancaster’s unsuccessful rebellion against the queen and her favourite in late 1328, and was one of the four men specifically excluded from a pardon in early 1329.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

”Anxious to break the deadlock in the north Isabella and Mortimer persuaded Parliament to accept the terms of the Treaty of Northampton, which ignored, once again, the claims of the disinherited. Many of the senior nobility were ashamed of what they considered to be a shameful peace; and when Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster rose in revolt in late 1328 he was joined by Henry Beaumont, Thomas Wake, Henry Ferrers, Thomas Rosselin and David de Strathbogie, the latter now married to Beaumont’s daughter, Katherine.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT/THE DESINHERITED

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont#.22The_ Disinherited.22

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY DE BEAUMONT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_de_Beaumont

[921]

”Henry Beaumont died shortly before 10 March 1340, aged about sixty, leaving his widow Alice, who lived until 1349. They had three children: John, Lord Beaumont, killed in a jousting tournament in Northampton in 1342, who married Henry of Lancaster’s daughter Eleanor (she married secondly the earl of Arundel); Isabella, who married Henry of Lancaster’s son Henry, duke of Lancaster”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

[922]

”He joined the earl of Lancaster’s unsuccessful rebellion against the queen and her favourite in late 1328, and was one of the four men specifically excluded from a pardon in early 1329. (Another was William Trussell, who had read out the charges against Despenser the Younger.) With a death sentence hanging over his head, Henry fled abroad.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

”The man who read out the above charges against Despenser was Sir William Trussell, who had fled the country after the battle of Boroughbridge and returned with Mortimer and Isabella.

”A mere two years after Despenser’s execution, he and Thomas Wake, who had read out the charges against Hugh Despenser the Elder, joined the earl of Lancaster’s rebellion against Isabella and Mortimer. Many of the pair’s erstwhile allies fled abroad with Wake and Henry Beaumont, “fearing the cruelty and tyranny of the said earl of March,” i.e. Mortimer, who had awarded himself a grandiose earldom – even Despenser never went that far – and “who at that time was more than king in the kingdom.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CHARGES AGAINST HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER,
NOVEMBER 1326
19 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/04/charges- against-hugh-despenser- younger.html

[923]

”Four days later both Trussell and his son fought on the rebels’ side at the Battle of Boroughbridge. Edward and Dispenser won, beheading the rebels’ leader Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster (King Edward’s cousin) and forcing others into exile”

WIKIPEDIA
WILLIAM TRUSSELL/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Trussell#Career

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
WILLIAM TRUSSELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Trussell

[924]

”The man who read out the above charges against Despenser was Sir William Trussell, who had fled the country after the battle of Boroughbridge and returned with Mortimer and Isabella.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CHARGES AGAINST HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER,
NOVEMBER 1326
19 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/04/charges- against-hugh-despenser- younger.html

[925]

”He was possibly implicated in the plot which cost his brother-in-law, Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, his life in 1330, and he fled to France, returning to England after the overthrow of Isabella and Mortimer.”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS WAKE, 2ND BARON WAKE OF LIDDELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Wake,_2nd_Baron_Wake_of _Liddell

[926]

”He was possibly implicated in the plot which cost his brother-in-law, Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, his life in 1330, and he fled to France, returning to England after the overthrow of Isabella and Mortimer.”

WIKIPEDIA
THOMAS WAKE, 2ND BARON WAKE OF LIDDELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Thomas_Wake,_2nd_Baron_Wake_of _Liddell

”After Edward III overthrew his mother and her favourite in October 1330, he recalled Henry and the other exiles to England, and restored their lands.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
WITH IRREVERENT MIND: THE ADVENTUROUS CAREER
OF HENRY BEAUMONT
1 MAY 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/05/with- irreverent-mind-adventurous- career.html

[927]

Edward III was crowned as king in his place on 2 Feb 1327 and Trussell went on to become the new king’s Secretary and undertake numerous important diplomatic missions, particularly to France and Spain.[5]He was buried in St Michael’s chapel in Westminster Abbey in 1347.”

WIKIPEDIA
WILLIAM TRUSSELL/CAREER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Trussell#Career

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
WILLIAM TRUSSELL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ William_Trussell

[928]

”It was not long before the new reign also met with other problems caused by the central position at court of Roger Mortimer, who was now the de facto ruler of England. Mortimer used his power to acquire noble estates and titles, and his unpopularity grew with the humiliating defeat by the Scots at the Battle of Stanhope Park and the ensuing Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton, signed with the Scots in 1328.[17] Also the young king came into conflict with his guardian. Mortimer knew his position in relation to the king was precarious and subjected Edward to disrespect. The tension increased after Edward and Philippa, who had married at York Minster on 24 January 1328, had a son on 15 June 1330.[18] Eventually, Edward decided to take direct action against Mortimer. Aided by his close companion William Montagu and a small number of other trusted men, Edward took Mortimer by surprise at Nottingham Castle on 19 October 1330. Mortimer was executed and Edward III’s personal reign began”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD III OF ENGLAND/EARLY LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_III_of_England#Early_li fe

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD III OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_III_of_England

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
19 OCTOBER 1330: EDWARD III’S ARREST OF ROGER
MORTIMER
19 OCTOBER 2012

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2012/10/19-october-1330-e dward-iiis-arrest-of.html

[929]

The events that led to Mortimer’s fall from power still remain very obscure,
partly because the chroniclers tell us very little.
Secrecy was the vital ingredient in the plot by Montague and Edward III
to overhrow Mortimer and very little about it found its way into the chronicles
after the events apart from the bald facts.”
”It is possible that Lancaster played a deeper part throughout than we can
reconstruct from surviving evidence.
Two small incidents suggest this.
On one occasion he acted as a surety in the Court of King’s Bench for a
man called Gregory Foriz.
Foriz was being prosecuted for murder on this occasion, but was also
an associate of William Aylmer who, with the Dunheved brothers, had attempted
to free Edward Ii from Berkeley Castle.
The second interesting item of evidence concerns Lancaster’s itinerary.
After brief reappearances at Court in February and July 1329, to judge by
charter attestations, Lancaster did not again appear there that year, nor
in the spring of 1330.
He returned very briefly in Court in June, for a week in July and then, significantly
on 16 october, just before Edward and William Montague launched their coup
against Mortimer and Isabella at Nottingham.

THE TYRANNY AND FALL OF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 224

”Henry of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester. Born circa 1281. The younger brother of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, he wasn’t implicated in his brother’s treason in 1322 and was allowed to succeed to the earldom of Leicester in 1324………
………………………… …………………………
”He rebelled against Mortimer and Isabella in 1328-29, lost, but may have helped Edward III in his coup d’etat in 1330.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

[930]

”Henry, earl of Lancaster, Isabella’s uncle and Edward II’s cousin, supposedly threw his cap in the air with joy on hearing the news of Roger’s arrest, and surely the rest of the kingdom was equally thrilled to hear the news.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
19 OCTOBER 1330: EDWARD III’S ARREST OF ROGER
MORTIMER
19 OCTOBER 2012

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2012/10/19- october-1330-edward-iiis- arrest-of.html

[NOTE HENRY OF LANCASTER/EDWARD III ”COUP”

The events that led to Mortimer’s fall from power still remain very obscure,
partly because the chroniclers tell us very little.
Secrecy was the vital ingredient in the plot by Montague and Edward III
to overhrow Mortimer and very little about it found its way into the chronicles
after the events apart from the bald facts.”
”It is possible that Lancaster played a deeper part throughout than we can
reconstruct from surviving evidence.
Two small incidents suggest this.
On one occasion he acted as a surety in the Court of King’s Bench for a
man called Gregory Foriz.
Foriz was being prosecuted for murder on this occasion, but was also
an associate of William Aylmer who, with the Dunheved brothers, had attempted
to free Edward Ii from Berkeley Castle.
The second interesting item of evidence concerns Lancaster’s itinerary.
After brief reappearances at Court in February and July 1329, to judge by
charter attestations, Lancaster did not again appear there that year, nor
in the spring of 1330.
He returned very briefly in Court in June, for a week in July and then, significantly
on 16 october, just before Edward and William Montague launched their coup
against Mortimer and Isabella at Nottingham.

THE TYRANNY AND FALL OF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 224

”Henry of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester. Born circa 1281. The younger brother of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, he wasn’t implicated in his brother’s treason in 1322 and was allowed to succeed to the earldom of Leicester in 1324………
………………………… …………………………
”He rebelled against Mortimer and Isabella in 1328-29, lost, but may have helped Edward III in his coup d’etat in 1330.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

”He also helped the young king to put an end to Mortimer’s regency and tyranny, also had him declared a traitor and executed in 1330.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/FULL RESTORATION AND REWARD

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#F ull_restoration_and_reward

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[931]

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY OF GROSMONT, 1ST DUKE OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_of_Grosmont,_1st_Duke_ of_Lancaster

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
A VERRAY PARFIT KNYGHT: HENRY OF GROSMONT, DUKE
OF LANCASTER (1)
21 AUGUST 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/08/verray- parfit-gentil-knyght-henry-of. html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
A VERRAY PARFIT KNYGHT: HENRY OF GROSMONT, DUKE
OF LANCASTER (2)
2 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/11/verray- parfit-gentil-knyght-henry-of. html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
A VERRAY PARFIT KNYGHT: HENRY OF GROSMONT, DUKE
OF LANCASTER (3)
9 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/11/verray- parfit-gentil-knyght-henry-of_ 09.html

[932]

HENRY OF GROSMONT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, BECAME THE
GRANDFATHER OF THE LATER KING HENRY IV, VIA HIS DAUGHTER
BLANCHE OF LANCASTER

BLANCHE OF LANCASTER, ONE OF THE TWO DAUGHTERS OF
HENRY OF GROSMONT, DUKE OF LANCASTER [HE HAD NO SONS
BY HIS MARRIAGE], MARRIED JOHN OF GAUNT, SON OF
KING EDWARD III
THEY HAD SEVERAL CHILDREN, AMONG ELSE HENRY
OF BOLINGBROKE, WHO LATER DISPOSED HIS COUSIN,
KING EDWARD III [SON OF HIS PATERNAL UNCLE EDWARD,
THE BLACK PRINCE] AND BECAME KING HENRY IV

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY OF GROSMONT, 1ST DUKE OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_of_Grosmont,_1st_Duke_of _Lancaster

WIKIPEDIA
BLANCHE OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Blanche_of_Lancaster

WIKIPEDIA
JOHN OF GAUNT, THE LATER DUKE OF LANCASTER,
BY THE RIGHT OF HIS WIFE [JURE UXORIS]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_of_Gaunt

THEIR ELDEST SON HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, THE LATER
HENRY IV

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY IV OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_IV_of_England

[933]

”Henry spent the last fifteen years of his life at Leicester Castle. There he founded a hospital for the poor and infirm in an extension of the castle bailey. It became known as the Newarke, and Henry was buried in the hospital chapel when he died in 1345. The king and queen attended his funeral. His son Henry of Grosmont, first Duke of Lancaster, had his father’s remains moved to the collegiate Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of the Newarke, which he had built when he enhanced his father’s foundation”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/LATER LIFE AND DEATH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster#L ater_life_and_death

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[934]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
HENRY, EARL OF LANCASTER
8 MAY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/04/henry-of-lancaste r.html

[935]

MARTYRS IN THE MAKING: POLITICAL MARTYRDOM
IN LATE MEDIEVAL ENGLAND
D. PIROYANSKY
2008
CHAPTER 2
”THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER, CHRIST’S KNIGHT”
PAGE 27

[936]

”Lancaster may have played by Mortimer’s hands by, at least condoning,
if not organised himself, the murder of Robert Holland, whose decisive
betrayal of Thomas of Lancaster in 1322 had been never forgiven by
the more embittered Lancastrian followers.”

THE TYRANNY AND FALLOF EDWARD II 1321-1326
NATALIE FRYDE
PAGE 218

””With someone like Sir Robert Holland, Thomas of Lancaster’s close ally who also abandoned him in 1321/22 and was murdered by some of Thomas’s former adherents in 1328, you can see that Henry must still have been angry with Holland for his betrayal, as he took his killers under his protection.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE MURDER OF SIR ROGER BELERS
14 SEPTEMBER 2012

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2012/09/the-murder-of-sir -roger-belers.html

[937]

”On the Queen’s return to England in September 1326 with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Henry joined her party against King Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the king’s cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester, and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser.He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath in South Wales. He was appointed to take charge of the king and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth Castle.”

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER/REVENGE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster# Revenge

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

[938]

Henry, Earl of Lancaster, was one of the ancestors of
all subsequent English Kings:

Via his granddaughter Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess
of Ulster [daughter of Henry’s daughter, Maud
of Lancaster and William Don de Burgh, 3rd
Earl of Ulster]

Elizabeth de Burgh married Lionel of Antwerp,
1st Duke of Clarence,
second son of King Edward III.
They got a daughter, Philippa Plantagenet
and 5th Countess of Ulster,
who thus was the greatgranddaughter of
Henry of Lancaster.
Philippa married [o irony] Edmund Mortimer,
greatgrandson of Roger Mortimer, the presumed
lover of Queen Isabella.

They got a son, Roger Mortimer, being the great great
grandson of Henry of Lancaster.

And that Roger of Mortimer was [via his daughter Anne
Mortimer, who was Richard, 3rd Duke of
York’s mother] the maternal grandfather of Richard,
rd Duke of York!

Richard of York was [via his son, King Edward IV], the
paternal grandfather of Elizabeth of York, who
married Henry Tudor, King Henry VII.

And Elizabeth and Henry VII are the ancestors of all
subsequent English kings!

SEE LINKS

WIKIPEDIA
HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry,_3rd_Earl_of_Lancaster

HIS DAUGHTER, MAUD OF LANCASTER, COUNTESS OF ULSTER,
MARRIED WILLIAM DON DE BURGH, 3RD EARL OF ULSTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maud_of_Lancaster,_Countess_of _Ulster

THEY GOT A DAUGHTER, ELIZABETH DE BURGH [HENRY’S
GRANDDAUGHTER], 4TH COUNTESS
OF ULSTER, WHO MARRIED
THE SECOND SON OF KING EDWARD III, LIONEL
OF ANTWERP, 1ST DUKE OF CLARENCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Elizabeth_de_Burgh,_4th_Counte ss_of_Ulster

ELIZABETH DE BURGH [GRANDDAUGHTER OF HENRY OF LANCASTER]
AND LIONEL OF ANTWERP, 1ST DUKE OF CLARENCE, GOT A
DAUGHTER, PHILIPPA PLANTAGENET, 5TH COUNTESS OF ULSTER,
HENRY’S GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Philippa,_5th_Countess_of_Ulst er

PHILIPPA PLANTAGENET, 5TH COUNTESS OF ULSTER, MARRIED
EDMUND MORTIMER 3RD EARL OF MARCH, GREATGRANDSON OF ROGER MORTIMER,
PRESUMED LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
THEY GOT A SON, ROGER MORTIMER, 4TH EARL OF MARCH,
HENRY’S GREAT GREAT GRANDSON

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Roger_Mortimer,_4th_Earl_of_Ma rch

ROGER MORTIMER, 4TH EARL OF MARCH, MARRIED ALIANORE
HOLLAND

THEY GOT A SON, EDMUND MORTIMER 5TH EARL OF MARCH, WHO DIED
CHILDLESS AND A DAUGHTER, ANNE MORTIMER.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Anne_de_Mortimer

ANNE MORTIMER MARRIED RICHARD OF CONISBURGH, 3RD EARL OF
CAMBRIDGE, PATERNAL GRANDSON OF EDWARD III [SON
OF EDWARD III’ SON EDMUND OF LANGLEY, 1ST DUKE OF YORK]

THEY GOT THREE CHILDREN, THE ELDEST RICHARD, 3RD DUKE
OF YORK ‘[TITLE INHERITED FROM HIS UNCLE,
THE ELDER BROTHER OF HIS FATHER, WHO WAS THE 2ND DUKE OF YORK
AND DIED CHILDLESS] AND THE 6TH EARL OF MARCH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Richard_of_York,_3rd_Duke_of_Y ork

RICHARD, 3RD DUKE OF YORK MARRIED CECILY NEVILLE

THEY GOT A GREAT NUMBER OF CHILDREN, FROM WHICH EDWARD,
7TH EARL OF MARCH, WAS THE ELDEST SON

DUE TO THE WARS OF THE ROSES, HE BECAME KING EDWARD IV
OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_IV_of_England

KING EDWARD IV MARRIED ELIZABETH WOODVILLE

THEY GOT A GREAT NUMBER OF CHILDREN, BUT THE
ELDEST DAUGHTER ELIZABETH OF YORK EVENTUALLY MARRIED
HENRY TUDOR, WHO BECAME KING HENRY VII AS THE OUTCOME
AND END OF THE WARS OF THE ROSES [KING BY RIGHT OF CONQUEST]
ALL SUBSEQUENT ENGLISH KINGS ARE DESCENDANTS FROM THEM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Elizabeth_of_York

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Henry_VII_of_England

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Notes 807-938 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

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