Notes 762-806 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

 

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

 

 

[762]

”By the end of March 1322, Hugh Despenser the younger was all powerful in England and Wales. His father, a friend of Edward II but never at the centre of government, joined him in his triumph. They didn’t allow anyone access to Edward unless at least one of them was present”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S OTHER GREAT FAVOURITE, HUGH
DESPENSER THE YOUNGER
5 FEBRUARY 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2006/02/edward-iis-other-great-favourite-hugh.html

 

 

 

 

[763]

”By the end of March 1322, Hugh Despenser the younger was all powerful in England and Wales. His father, a friend of Edward II but never at the centre of government, joined him in his triumph. They didn’t allow anyone access to Edward unless at least one of them was present – including, amazingly enough, Queen Isabella, who was not allowed to see her husband alone. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S OTHER GREAT FAVOURITE, HUGH
DESPENSER THE YOUNGER
5 FEBRUARY 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2006/02/edward-iis-other-great-favourite-hugh.html

[764]

WELL WRITTEN WIKIPEDIA ABOUT ISABELLA OF FRANCE
SEE BELOW
ONLY: ISABELLA’S CHILDREN WERE NOT TAKEN AWAY FROM HER

SEE IN ADVANCE THIS CONVINCING ARTICLE

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
MYTHBLUSTER 7: EDWARD II CRUELLY REMOVED ISABELLA’S
CHILDREN FROM HER
24 MARCH 2013

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2013/03/mythbuster-7-edward-ii-cruelly-removed.html

”By 1325, Isabella was facing increasing pressure from Hugh Despenser the Younger, Edward’s new royal favourite. With her lands in England seized, her children taken away from her and her household staff arrested, Isabella began to pursue other options.”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/INVASION OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_France#Invasion_of_England

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_France

YOUTUBE.COM
SHE WOLVES: ENGLAND’S EARLY QUEENS: ISABELLA AND
MARGARET

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=192QjemfTh0&t=1964s

[765]

”Edward was at war with France – the War of Saint-Sardos – from August 1324 to June 1325, so his relations with his brother-in-law Charles IV were a long way from cordial. Not to mention, Edward’s ineptitude and tyranny meant that there was seething discontent in England, and he might have been worried that the country would erupt into rebellion during his absence.

…..
Edward had other concerns. He could not take his favourite Hugh Despenser with him, as Despenser was loathed in France for his piracy of 1321; it was said that if he set foot there, he would be arrested and tortured. [2] But leaving Despenser behind was risky, too: he and his father Despenser the Elder, earl of Winchester, were also widely loathed in England, and feared that they would be put to death as soon as they lost the king’s protection. As the Vita Edwardi Secundi says, they “realised that in the absence of the king they would not know where to live safely.”

EDWARD II BLOGSPOT
EDWARD II DID NOT STUPIDLY FELL INTO A TRAP,
SEPTEMBER 1325
14 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/04/edward-ii-did-not-stupidly-fall-into.html

[766]

”Having promised to return to England by the summer, Isabella reached Paris in March 1325, and rapidly agreed a truce in Gascony, under which Prince Edward, then thirteen years old, would come to France to give homage on his father’s behalf.[70] Prince Edward arrived in France, and gave homage in September.”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/TENSIONS IN GASCONY, 1323-5

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_France#Tensions_in_Gascony.2C_1323-5

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_France

[767]

”…….Queen Isabella announced in public at the French court that she was refusing to return to her husband. The Vita Edwardi Secundi, which was written by one of Edward II’s clerks and which abruptly ends shortly after this, records Isabella’s speech:
“I feel that marriage is a joining together of man and woman, maintaining the undivided habit of life, and that someone has come between my husband and myself trying to break this bond; I protest that I will not return until this intruder is removed, but discarding my marriage garment, shall assume the robes of widowhood and mourning until I am avenged of this Pharisee.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1325: ISABELLA REFUSES
TO RETURN TO EDWARD (1)

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/11/octobernovember- 1325-isabella-refuses.html

[768]

”…….Queen Isabella announced in public at the French court that she was refusing to return to her husband. The Vita Edwardi Secundi, which was written by one of Edward II’s clerks and which abruptly ends shortly after this, records Isabella’s speech:
“I feel that marriage is a joining together of man and woman, maintaining the undivided habit of life, and that someone has come between my husband and myself trying to break this bond; I protest that I will not return until this intruder is removed, but discarding my marriage garment, shall assume the robes of widowhood and mourning until I am avenged of this Pharisee.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1325: ISABELLA REFUSES
TO RETURN TO EDWARD (1)

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/11/octobernovember- 1325-isabella-refuses.html

”Edward II wrote his last-ever letter to Isabella on 1 December 1325, ordering her home and claiming that he was suffering badly from her ‘so very long absence’. Unfortunately, he also went into endlessly long and tedious justifications for Hugh Despenser the Younger’s behaviour, which must have irritated Isabella immensely. He did the same thing in letters to his son Edward of Windsor, Charles IV and numerous French magnates and bishops, and before the parliament which began at Westminster – the last one he ever held – on 18 November 1325. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1325: ISABELLA REFUSES
TO RETURN TO EDWARD (2)

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/11/ octobernovember-1325-isabella- refuses_12.html

[769]

”She set Edward an ultimatum, and must have been deeply hurt by his utter refusal to consider her feelings; in long rambling letters to herself, her brother Charles IV and French bishops and noblemen, and in a speech to parliament in London in November 1325, Edward II showed that his greatest priority was to defend Hugh Despenser against all accusations. And of course he completely refused to send Hugh away from him.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1325: ISABELLA REFUSES TO RETURN
TO EDWARD (1)
7 NOVEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/11/octobernovember-1 325-isabella-refuses.html

[770]

Hugh Despenser the Elder, Earl of Winchester

…..
…..
”He was given a mock trial by Mortimer, Isabella, Henry of Lancaster and a few others at Bristol Castle in October 1326, in what was clearly intended as a parody of Thomas of Lancaster’s trial.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE ENGLISH EARLS IN THE REIGN OF EDWARD II
22 APRIL 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/04/english-earls-in- reign-of-edward-ii.html

”His trial took place in the main square of Hereford, in the presence of Queen Isabella and her son, who had turned fourteen a few days earlier, Edward II’s half-brother Kent, Roger Mortimer, and countless supporters. As had happened at the trial of Thomas of Lancaster in 1322, Hugh was not permitted to speak in his defence”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ENTRAILS AND EMASCULATION
24 NOVEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2006/11/entrails-and-emas culation.html

”Withdraw, you traitor, tyrant, renegade; go to take your own justice, traitor, evil man, criminal!
[Retrees vous traitour, tyrant, Reneye, si ales vostre iuys prendre, traitour, malueys, et atteyntmalueys or malveis ca n also be translated as ‘coward’ or ‘weakling’ as well as ‘evil man’ or ‘wicked man’]

And with that, Despenser was dragged off to his grotesque execution. According to several chroniclers, he was also castrated (or emasculated), though that wasn’t officially part of his sentence.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE CHARGES AGAINST HUGH DESPENSER THE YOUNGER,
NOVEMBER 1326
19 APRIL 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/04/charges-against-h ugh-despenser-younger.html

[771]

EDWARD II’S BAD TREATMENT OF THE WIVES AND CHILDREN
OF THE CONTRARIANTS
SOME EXAMPLES:

”King Edward I snapped her up for his nephew Thomas of Lancaster, and they married on 28 October 1294.”
………..
……..

”After his execution, Alice – unfortunately – suffered harsh and vindictive treatment at the hands of Edward II and the two Hugh Despensers. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ABANDONMENT AND ABDUCTION: THE EVENTFUL LIFE
OF ALICE DE LACY
10 JANUARY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/01/abandonment-and-a bduction-eventful-life.html

”As a great prize on the marriage market, King Edward I of England arranged for her betrothal “in her 9th year”[3] to his nephew Thomas of Lancaster, the heir to the Earldoms of Lancaster, Leicester and Derby. They married on 28 October 1294 when Alice was 23 years old, and Thomas about 16”

WIKIPEDIA
ALICE DE LACY, 4TH COUNTESS OF LINCOLN/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Alice_de_Lacy,_4th_Countess_ of_Lincoln#Life

”Thomas of Lancaster was captured at Boroughbridge after the failure of his rebellion against the King. On 22 March 1322 he was executed for treason at what had been Alice’s family home of Pontefract Castle but that had become his favourite residence.”

WIKIPEDIA
ALICE DE LACY, 4TH COUNTESS OF LINCOLN/ABDUCTION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Alice_de_Lacy,_4th_Countess_ of_Lincoln#First_abduction

”A few days later in March 1322, the King had Alice arrested and imprisoned at York
……
……
”Imprisoned and under the threat of execution Alice surrendered into the King’s hands on 26 June 1322, a great part of the lands which she had inherited from her father, in order to secure the confirmation of some portion of these possessions to herself. This was effectively the extortion by the King of her father’s family estates that had been predated the Earldom of Lincoln such as Pontefract, though she was then permitted to hold some of her estates in life tenure by the king’s “special grace”. Many of her extorted estates were given by the King to the elder Hugh Despenser and his son Hugh Despenser the Younger, the King’s nephew-by-marriage and favorite, who had both returned to England from exile in May 1322[7] and were now both involved in assisting the King in his attempt to “legally” obtain Alice’s estates”

WIKIPEDIA
ALICE DE LACY, 4TH COUNTESS OF LINCOLN/IMPRISONED

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Alice_de_Lacy,_4th_Countess_ of_Lincoln#Imprisoned

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ALICE DE LACY, 4TH COUNTESS OF LINCOLN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Alice_de_Lacy,_4th_Countess_ of_Lincoln

Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville, Countess of March, Baroness Mortimer (2 February 1286 – 19 October 1356), also known as Jeanne de Joinville, was the daughter of Sir Piers de Geneville and Joan of Lusignan. She inherited the estates of her grandparents, Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville, and Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville. She was one of the wealthiest heiresses in the Welsh Marches and County Meath, Ireland. She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, the de facto ruler of England from 1327 to 1330. ”

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN DE GENEVILLE, 2ND BARONESS GENEVILLE

”While the couple were still in France, King Edward had retaliated against Mortimer by taking Joan and all of their children into custody, and “treating them with severity”.

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN DE GENEVILLE, 2ND BARONESS GENEVILLE/IMPRISONMENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joan_de_Geneville,_2nd_Barones s_Geneville#Joan.27s_imprisonm ent

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN DE GENEVILLE, 2ND BARONESS GENEVILLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joan_de_Geneville,_2nd_Barones s_Geneville

YOUTUBE.COM
SHE WOLVES: ENGLAND’S EARLY QUEENS: ISABELLA AND
MARGARET

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=192QjemfTh0&t=2000s

[772]

”On January 1, 1327, Queen Isabella, having executed her enemies and imprisoned her husband, King Edward II, turned her attention to much smaller matters: Hugh le Despenser the younger’s little daughters. On that day, the queen issued an order that Eleanor le Despenser be packed off to Sempringham, a Gilbertine priory in Lincolnshire, and veiled as a nun “without delay.” A similar order sent Margaret to Watton, another Gilbertine priory in Yorkshire. Coming just a few weeks after the brutal execution of the girls’ father and the imprisonment of their mother, the queen’s orders completed the unraveling of the privileged existence these girls had enjoyed.”

THREE LITTLE NUNS
SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM

http://www.susanhigginbotham.c om/subpages/threenuns.html

[773]

”Hugh le Despenser had left four sons and five daughters behind him. Isabel, the oldest of the girls, was about fourteen. She had been married as a child to Richard Fitzalan and thereby escaped her younger sisters’ fate.”

THREE LITTLE NUNS
SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM

http://www.susanhigginbotham.c om/subpages/threenuns.html

WIKIPEDIA
RICHARD FITZALAN, 10TH EARL OF ARUNDEL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Richard_FitzAlan,_10th_Earl_of _Arundel

[774]

WIKIPEDIA
EDMUND FITZALAN, 9TH EARL OF ARUNDEL

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edmund_FitzAlan,_9th_Earl_of_A rundel

[775]

”Elizabeth, the youngest Despenser girl, was not veiled. She eventually would marry Maurice de Berkeley, the heir to the man in whose custody Edward II was killed in 1327. We can only speculate as to why Isabella chose not to include her in the forced veiling. Perhaps it might have been her extremely young age; assuming that Elizabeth was fairly close to the age of her future husband, she was probably no more than an infant in January 1327. It is also possible that she was in her mother’s womb at the time of the veiling of her sisters.”

THREE LITTLE NUNS
SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM

http://www.susanhigginbotham.c om/subpages/threenuns.html

[776]

Eleanor de Clare, suo jure 6th Lady of Glamorgan (3 October 1292-30 June 1337) was a powerful English noblewoman who married Hugh Despenser the Younger and was a granddaughter of Edward I of England

WIKIPEDIA
ELEANOR DE CLARE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Eleanor_de_Clare

”In November 1326, Eleanor was confined to the Tower of London

WIKIPEDIA
ELEANOR DE CLARE/IMPRISONMENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Eleanor_de_Clare#Imprisonment

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ELEANOR DE CLARE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Eleanor_de_Clare

[777]

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/ABDICATION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#Abdicatio n

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[778]

””After Edward II’s forced abdication in January 1327, he was first ‘imprisoned’ at Kenilworth Castle, under the care of his cousin Henry of Lancaster, who treated him with respect and honour. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S DEATH?
21 SEPTEMBER 2006

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2006/09/edward- iis-death-part-one.html

[779]

”It is unclear how well cared for Edward was; the records show luxury goods being bought on his behalf, but some chroniclers suggest that he was often mistreated.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/DEATH AND AFTERMATH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#Death_and _aftermath

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD OF CAERNARFON AND ROTTING ANIMAL CORPSES
11 JULY 2011

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2011/07/edward-of-caernar fon-and-rotting-animal.html

[780]

”Edward’s death was, as Mark Ormrod notes, “suspiciously timely”, as it simplified Mortimer’s political problems considerably, and most historians believe that Edward probably was murdered on the orders of the new regime, although it is impossible to be certain”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/DEATH AND AFTERMATH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#Death_and _aftermath

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[781]

HISTORY EXTRA
THE BIG DEBATE: WAS EDWARD II REALLY MURDERED?
25 APRIL 2016

http://www.historyextra.com/ar ticle/premium/big-debate-was-e dward-ii-really-murdered

A NOTE ON THE DEATHS OF EDWARD II
IAN MORTIMER

http://www.ianmortimer.com/Edw ardII/death.htm

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE FIESCHI LETTER, EDWARD II’S MOVEMENTS IN 1326, AND
MANUELE FIESCHI
10 DECEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/12/the-fieschi-lette r-edward-iis-movements.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT]
ODDITIES IN THE NARRATIVES OF EDWARD II’S DEATH
10 OCTOBER 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/10/oddities-in-narra tive-of-edward-iis.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EARL OF KENT’S PLOT OF 1329/30
REVISITED
2 MAY 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2014/05/the-earl-of-kents -plot-of-132930.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
19 MARCH 1330: THE EXECUTION OF THE EARL OF KENT
19 MARCH 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2014/03/19-march-1330-exe cution-of-earl-of-kent.html

[782]

”Isabella and Mortimer had already begun a trend that continued over the next few years, in starting to accumulate huge wealth. With her lands restored to her, Isabella was already exceptionally rich, but she began to accumulate yet more. Within the first few weeks, Isabella had granted herself almost £12,000;[108] finding that Edward’s royal treasury contained £60,000, a rapid period of celebratory spending then ensued.[109]Isabella soon awarded herself another £20,000, allegedly to pay off foreign debts.[110] At Prince Edward’s coronation, Isabella then extended her land holdings from a value of £4,400 each year to the huge sum of £13,333, making her one of the largest landowners in the kingdom.[111] Isabella also refused to hand over her dower lands to Philippa after her marriage to Edward III, in contravention of usual custom.[112] Isabella’s lavish lifestyle matched her new incomes.[113] Mortimer, as her lover and effective first minister, after a restrained beginning, also began to accumulate lands and titles at a tremendous rate, particularly in the Marcher territories”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/AS REGENT, 1326-30

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#As_regent.2 C_1326.E2.80.9330

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

YOUTUBE.COM
SHE WOLVES: ENGLAND’S EARLY QUEENS: ISABELLA
AND MARGARET

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=192QjemfTh0&t=1016s

[783]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
19 OCTOBER 1330: EDWARD III’S ARREST OF ROGER MORTIMER
19 OCTOBER 2012

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2012/10/19- october-1330-edward-iiis- arrest-of.html

[784]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

[785]

”Isabella was mentioned in only one charge: “the said Roger falsely and maliciously sowed discord between the father of our lord the King and the Queen his companion…the said Queen remained absent from her said lord, to the great dishonour of our lord the King and the said Queen his mother…”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

[786]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

[787]

”After the coup, Isabella was initially transferred to Berkhamsted Castle,[140] and then held under house arrest at Windsor Castleuntil 1332, when she then moved back to her own Castle Rising in Norfolk

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/IN RETIREMENT, 1330-58

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#In_retireme nt.2C_1330.E2.80.9358

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[788]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

AN EXAMPLE OF THE ESTATES ISABELLA APPROPRIATED,
BUT WHICH EDWARD III GAVE BACK TO THE OWNERS
SEE HERE ALICE DE LACY, WIDOW OF THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER, WHO WAS ABDUCTED IN 1317 [VOLUNTARILY
OR NOT, THE MARRIAGE WITH THOMAS WAS DESASTROUS] BY JOHN DE WARENNE, EARL OF SURREY, A FORMER ALLY OF THOMAS OF
LANCASTER IN THE PIERS GAVESTON CASE IN 1312 [JOHN
DE WARENNE WAS ONE OF THE BESIEGERS OF PIERS GAVESTON…]

”Unfortunately for Alice, the ‘regime change’ of 1327 brought little or no improvement to her situation. Given Queen Isabella’s very public criticism of her husband and Despenser’s treatment of the wives and widows of their enemies, and given also that Isabella was Alice’s niece by marriage, Alice probably expected her lands to be returned to her. In fact, Isabella’s lover Roger Mortimer took possession of Denbigh, and Isabella herself appropriated much of Alice’s rightful inheritance.”
…..
…..
”Alice was re-married, sometime before 10 November 1324, to Sir Ebolo Lestrange, in what may have been a love-match; Ebolo described her in documents as his ‘dear and loving companion’ and never claimed the title of earl as he was entitled to do, in right of his wife. He was involved in Edward III’s 1330 plot to bring down Isabella and Mortimer, and he and Alice were rewarded by the return of many of her estates.”

YES, EDWARD III GAVE IT BACK, EXCEPT FOR FOR SALISBURY, WHICH EDWARD III
GRANTED TO HIS GREAT FRIEND WILLIAM
MONTECUTE, 1ST EARL OF SALISBURY
[SECOND CREATION, IN 1337]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Earl_of_Salisbury#Earls_of_Sal isbury.2C_Second_Creation_.281 337.29

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ABANDONMENT AND ABDUCTION: THE
EVENTFUL LIFE OF ALICE DE LACY
10 JANUARY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/01/abandonment-and-a bduction-eventful-life.html

[789]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

[790]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

[791]

”In 1337, Edward III gave Isabella permission to make her will, leaving her possessions to anyone she chose. (She left most of them to her eldest grandchild Edward of Woodstock, to whom she was very close.)”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/IN RETIREMENT, 1330-58

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#In_retireme nt.2C_1330.E2.80.9358

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[792]

” Agnes Strickland, a Victorian historian, argued that Isabella suffered from occasional fits of madness during this period but modern interpretations suggest, at worst, a nervous breakdown following the death of her lover”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/IN RETIREMENT, 1330-58

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#In_retireme nt.2C_1330.E2.80.9358

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[793]

EDWARD OF WOODSTOCK WAS ”THE BLACK PRINCE” ISABELLA’S
FAVOURITE GRANDSON

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward,_the_Black_Prince

”She spent Christmas 1354 at Berkhamsted with her grandson Edward of Woodstock, and visited him again there the following year.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

”In 1337, Edward III gave Isabella permission to make her will, leaving her possessions to anyone she chose. (She left most of them to her eldest grandchild Edward of Woodstock, to whom she was very close.)”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/IN RETIREMENT, 1330-58

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#In_retireme nt.2C_1330.E2.80.9358

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

[794]

”On 29 September 1356, Edward captured King John II of France (son of Philip VI) at the Battle of Poitiers, and took him to England in May 1357; John often visited Isabella, his first cousin once removed, during his honourable captivity.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

WIKIPEDIA
JOHN II OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ John_II_of_France

[795]

”In accordance with the Treaty of Northampton, Joan was married on 17 July 1328 to David II of Scotland at Berwick-upon-Tweed.[2] She was seven years old, he was only four.[3] Their marriage lasted 34 years, but it was childless and apparently loveless”

…..
…..

”Meanwhile, David’s representatives had obtained the upper hand in Scotland, and David and Joan were thus enabled to return in June 1341, when he took the reins of government into his own hands. David II was taken prisoner at the Battle of Neville’s Cross in County Durham on 17 October 1346, and remained imprisoned in England for eleven years. Although Edward III allowed Joan to visit her husband in the Tower of London a few times, she did not become pregnant.[7] After his release in 1357, she decided to remain in England.[7] Joan was close to her mother, whom she nursed during her last days”

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN OF THE TOWER/LIFE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joan_of_the_Tower#Life

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN OF THE TOWER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joan_of_the_Tower

DAVID II OF SCOTLAND, HUSBAND OF JOAN OF THE TOWER

WIKIPEDIA
DAVID II OF SCOTLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ David_II_of_Scotland

HIS FATHER, ROBERT THE BRUCE

WIKIPEDIA
ROBERT THE BRUCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Robert_the_Bruce

[796]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
22 AUGUST 1358: DEATH OF ISABELLA OF FRANCE,
DOWAGER QUEEN OF ENGLAND
22 AUGUST, 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/08/22-august-1358-de ath-of-isabella-of.html

[797]

”Isabella was buried at the Greyfriars church in London”
….
….
”Isabella did ask to be buried with the clothes she’d worn at her wedding to Edward II a little over fifty years previously on 25 January 1308.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
27 NOVEMBER 1358: FUNERAL OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
27 NOVEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/11/27-november-1358- funeral-of-isabella-of.html

[798]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
27 NOVEMBER 1358: FUNERAL OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
27 NOVEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2015/11/27-november-1358- funeral-of-isabella-of.html

[799]

”There’s also a story that Edward II’s heart was placed in a casket on her chest, though this is a later tradition and not contemporary, so we can’t know for sure if it’s true.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
27 NOVEMBER 1358: FUNERAL OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
27 NOVEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/11/27- november-1358-funeral-of- isabella-of.html

[800]

Isabella left the bulk of her property, including Castle Rising, to her favourite grandson, the Black Prince, with some personal effects being granted to her daughter Joan”

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE/IN RETIREMENT, 1330-58

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France#In_retireme nt.2C_1330.E2.80.9358

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA

WIKIPEDIA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Isabella_of_France

”In 1337, Edward III gave Isabella permission to make her will, leaving her possessions to anyone she chose. (She left most of them to her eldest grandchild Edward of Woodstock, to whom she was very close.)”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
QUEEN ISABELLA: 1330 TO 1358
12 JULY 2007

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2007/07/queen-isabella-13 30-to-1358.html

[801]

Isabella and Edward II seemingly had a successful, mutually affectionate marriage until the early 1320s, and certainly it was not the unhappy, tragic disaster from start to finish as it is sometimes portrayed.”

HISTORY EXTRA
ISABELLA OF FRANCE: THE REBEL QUEEN
20 JULY 2016

http://www.historyextra.com/ article/international-history/ isabella-france-rebel-queen

”Until 1321 Isabella’s marriage to Edward II had proved successful. They had been married for thirteen years, produced four children and worked in a mutual partnership which appeared affectionate and productive. Isabella’s powers of queenly intercession were used in a conventional way and she had the support of her husband in influencing policy where she could for the help of others; mainly in regards to women, children and the church. The queen stood by her husband as he doggedly battled with his over mighty cousin, Thomas of Lancaster and in this Isabella excelled.”

FOURTEENTH CENTURY FIEND
ISABELLA: WIFE, QUEEN AND REBEL [PART TWO]
1 MAY 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/05/01/isabella-wife- queen-rebel-part-two/

EDWARDTHSECONDBLOGSPOT
ISABELLA OF FRANCE AND HER RELATIONSHIP WITH EDWARD II
15 SEPTEMBER 2013

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2013/09/isabella-of-franc e-and-her-relationship.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
NAKED EDWARD SAVED ISABELLA: ”LOVE MADE HIM DO IT’
12 JANUARY 2016

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2016/01/naked-edward-ii-s aves-isabella-love.html

[802]

Edward II’s emotional need for male companions:

Great favourites like Piers Gaveston and Hugh Despenser, for who
Edward II would go at length to save them and to hold them
at his side
And to lesser extent in the period between his great favourites:
The ”trumvirate”, that annoyed and threatened Thomas of Lancaster
as much as they could, Roger Damory, Hugh Audley and William
Montecute.

[803]

MARRIAGE OF EDWARD I AND ELEANOR OF CASTILE

”Eleanor and Edward were devoted to each other, unlike many medieval kings, no mistresses of Edward I have ever been recorded. Each year on Easter Monday, Edward let Eleanor’s ladies trap him in his bed and paid them a token ransom so he could go to her bedroom on the first day after Lent. ”

ENGLISH MONARCHS
PLANTAGENET
ELEANOR OF CASTILE

http://www.englishmonarchs.co. uk/plantagenet_29.html

MARRIAGE OF EDWARD III WITH PHILIPPA OF HAINAULT

By all accounts, her forty-year marriage to Edward had been happy”

WIKIPEDIA
PHILIPPA OF HAINAULT/LATER YEARS AND DEATH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Philippa_of_Hainault#Later_yea rs_and_death

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
PHILIPPA OF HAINAULT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Philippa_of_Hainault

MARRIAGE OF PHILIP IV OF FRANCE, THE FAIR, WITH JOAN I OF NAVARRE

”Joan was described as a success in her role of Queen of France: she secured the succession, she was an efficient mistress of the royal court, a dignified first lady and had a very good relationship with the King. Having grown up together, the couple was evidently close to each other and Philip is reported to have loved and respected her deeply.”

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN I OF NAVARRE/QUEEN OF FRANCE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joan_I_of_Navarre#Queen_of_Fra nce

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
JOAN I OF NAVARRE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joan_I_of_Navarre

[804]

”Just before Piers Gaveston was sent into exile for the third time, on 29 October 1311, Isabella sent a letter to the receiver of Ponthieu “concerning the affairs of the earl of Cornwall.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ISABELLA OF FRANCE AND PIERS GAVESTON
29 JUNE 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2014/06/isabella-of-franc e-and-piers-gaveston.html

[805]

”Just before Piers Gaveston was sent into exile for the third time, on 29 October 1311, Isabella sent a letter to the receiver of Ponthieu “concerning the affairs of the earl of Cornwall.”  Apparently she had agreed to help Piers in his exile, at least financially, and perhaps in the naming of him as ‘earl of Cornwall……”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
ISABELLA OF FRANCE AND PIERS GAVESTON
29 JUNE 2014

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2014/06/isabella-of-franc e-and-piers-gaveston.html

[806]

”She set Edward an ultimatum, and must have been deeply hurt by his utter refusal to consider her feelings; in long rambling letters to herself, her brother Charles IV and French bishops and noblemen, and in a speech to parliament in London in November 1325, Edward II showed that his greatest priority was to defend Hugh Despenser against all accusations. And of course he completely refused to send Hugh away from him”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1325: ISABELLA REFUSES TO RETURN TO EDWARD (1)
7 NOVEMBER 2015

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/11/ octobernovember-1325-isabella- refuses.html

”Edward II wrote his last-ever letter to Isabella on 1 December 1325, ordering her home and claiming that he was suffering badly from her ‘so very long absence’. Unfortunately, he also went into endlessly long and tedious justifications for Hugh Despenser the Younger’s behaviour, which must have irritated Isabella immensely. He did the same thing in letters to his son Edward of Windsor, Charles IV and numerous French magnates and bishops, and before the parliament which began at Westminster – the last one he ever held – on 18 November 1325. Faced with the painful realisation of her husband’s priorities and his utter refusal to take her seriously and to send Hugh away from him, Isabella was left with no other choice but to remain in France in November 1325 and, not long afterwards, to ally herself with the English Contrariants on the Continent, led by Roger Mortimer, the men who could help her gain the revenge she had sworn on Hugh Despenser for destroying her marriage.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 1325: ISABELLA REFUSES
TO RETURN TO EDWARD II (2)
12 NOVEMBER 1325

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/11/ octobernovember-1325-isabella- refuses_12.html

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Notes 762-806 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

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