Notes 348-400 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

[348]

”The Marchers arrived outside London on 29 July, two weeks late for parliament, perhaps because all the pillaging and terrorising people had delayed them.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE EXILE OF THE DESPENSERS, 29 AUGUST 1321
29 AUGUST 2015

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2015/08/the-exile-of-despensers-29-august-1321.html

”Mortimer led his army east towards London as well, reaching St Albans in late July.[5] The city of London refused to let Mortimer’s forces in, and his forces placed the capital under effective siege”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR: FIRST PHASE FEBRUARY-AUGUST 1321

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War#First_phase:_February.E2.80.93August_1321

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War

 

 

 

 

[349]

”Lancaster arrived in August to support him and a tense stand-off ensued, with the younger Despenser threatening the rebels from a ship on the River Thames, and the barons threatening to begin to destroy royal properties and lands outside London unless he desisted”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR: FIRST PHASE FEBRUARY-AUGUST 1321

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War#First_phase:_February.E2.80.93August_1321

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Despenser_War

[350]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321.html

”Margaret’s husband, Baron Badlesmere was appointed Governor of the Royal Castle of Leeds in Kent in the fifth year of Edward II’s reign (1312).”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Castle

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere

[351]

”He became Edward II’s household steward in 1318, around the same time that Hugh Despenser became chamberlain.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321.html

[352]

”In the summer of 1321, Edward sent Badlesmere north to spy on a meeting between the earl of Lancaster and the Marcher lords; Badlesmere subsequently switched sides and joined them.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321.html

”By the summer of 1321, Bartholomew defied the King by associating with their mutual enemy the Earl of Lancaster and his allies in their active opposition to Edward’s “evil councillors” such as the Despensers”

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON
BADLESMERE/REBELLION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st_Baron_Badlesmere#Rebellion

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON
BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st_Baron_Badlesmere

”Baron Badlesmere excused his wife’s bellicose actions at Leeds with his declaration that when he had left Margaret in charge of Leeds, he had given her strict instructions not to admit anyone inside the castle without his specific orders.[18] This, he had insisted, included the Queen, with the words that “the royal prerogative of the King in the case of refusal of entry should not be assumed to provide a legal right for the Queen, who was merely his wife””

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/IMPRISONMENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere#Imprisonment

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere

[354]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2009/11/leeds- castle-1321.html

YOUTUBE.COM
SHE WOLVES: ENGLAND’S EARLY QUEENS:
ISABELLA AND MARGARET

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=192QjemfTh0&t=829s

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_ Badlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_ Castle

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_ Badlesmere

[355]

Casus belli is a Latin expression meaning “an act or event that provokes or is used to justify war” (literally, “a case of war”)”’

WIKIPEDIA
CASUS BELLI

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Casus_belli

[356]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

”Edward began to plan his revenge.[205] With the help of Pembroke, the King formed a small coalition of his half-brothers, a few of the earls and some of the senior clergy, and prepared for war.[206] Edward started with Bartholomew of Badlesmere, and Isabella was sent to Bartholomew’s stronghold, Leeds Castle, to deliberately create a casus belli.[207] Bartholomew’s wife, Margaret, took the bait and her men killed several of Isabella’s retinue, giving Edward an excuse to intervene.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/THE DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#The_Despe nser_War

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[357]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

[358]

”Thomas of Lancaster played right into Edward’s hands, as Edward and Hugh Despenser had no doubt predicted he would: he sent the Marchers a letter ordering them to not to aid Badlesmere, whom he detested [9], allowing Edward to pursue a policy of dividing and conquering his enemies.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

”Lancaster refused to help Bartholomew, who was his personal enemy, and Edward quickly regained control of south-east England”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/THE DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#The_Despe nser_War

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

”Throughout the siege, she had expected the Earl of Lancaster to arrive with his soldiery to relieve her, but this he had refused to do;[23][n 4] nor had any of the other Contrariants or the Marcher Lords[n 5] come to her assistance, which left her to defend the castle with merely her husband’s nephew, Bartholomew de Burghersh, and the garrison troops”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Ca stle

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

[359]

”Although Bartholomew assembled an armed force and marched from Witney towards Kent, by the time he reached Kingston upon Thames it was clear that he would not receive help from Lancaster and his followers and so he was not able to take effective action to relieve the siege”’

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON BADLESMERE/REBELLION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st _Baron_Badlesmere#Rebellion

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st _Baron_Badlesmere

[360]

”The attack on Isabella increased Edward’s popular support; the moderate barons moved to support him, as did many volunteers from London.[11] Before long, chroniclers record that Edward had an army of 30,000 men besieging Leeds castle, although this may represent an overestimate”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_ October_1321-March_1322

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

YOUTUBE.COM
DESPENSER WAR

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=JzTNTr-8WJs&t=452s

[361]

”Edward issued a safe-conduct for Hugh Despenser the Younger to return to England on 8 December, “in pursuance of his petition that the judgement of exile and disherison lately passed upon him by certain magnates contains errors and should be annulled.” The same safe-conduct was issued to Hugh Despenser the Elder on Christmas Day, and Edward ordered his sheriffs to publicise the safe-conducts and ensure that they were observed.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND\
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le- despenser-malefactors-and.html

”The Despensers returned from exile and were pardoned by the royal council.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/THE DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#The_Despe nser_War

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[362]

”Bartholomew Badlesmere served in the retinue of his wife’s first cousin the earl of Gloucester, and was said – whether accurately or not, I don’t know – to have abandoned him to his death at the battle of Bannockburn on 24 June 1314.  A song written in Latin shortly after the battle accuses Badlesmere, condemned as “the traitorous man, Bartholomew” and “the representative of Judas,” of deserting his lord Gloucester, and says “Because he refused to come to his master’s support, this traitor has deserved to be put to the rack.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
BATHOLOMEW BADLESMERE (D. 1322) AND MARGARET
DE CLARE (D 1333)
22 MAY 2015

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/05/ bartholomew-badlesmere-d-1322- and.html

[363]

”Badlesmere was captured after taking part in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322 which had ended with a royalist victory. Following trial at Canterbury, he was executed at Blean on 14 April 1322”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/IMPRISONMENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_ Badlesmere#Imprisonment

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_ Badlesmere

”Throughout the siege, she had expected the Earl of Lancaster to arrive with his soldiery to relieve her, but this he had refused to do;[23][n 4] nor had any of the other Contrariants or the Marcher Lords[n 5] come to her assistance, which left her to defend the castle with merely her husband’s nephew, Bartholomew de Burghersh, and the garrison troops”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Ca stle

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

‘Although Bartholomew assembled an armed force and marched from Witney towards Kent, by the time he reached Kingston upon Thames it was clear that he would not receive help from Lancaster and his followers and so he was not able to take effective action to relieve the siege”’

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON BADLESMERE/REBELLION

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st _Baron_Badlesmere#Rebellion

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st _Baron_Badlesmere

[364]

”The usually well-informed and reliable royal clerk and chronicler Adam Murimuth, who knew Edward well, says that he travelled with Hugh Despenser around Harwich at this time, plotting revenge on the Marcher lords and others who had sent Despenser into exile.”

EDWARDTHSECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S MYSTERIOUS MOVEMENTS
IN SEPTEMBER 1321
15 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/ed-iis-mysterious-movements-sept-1321.html

”It seems highly likely that Edward met Hugh Despenser at least once during the royal favourite’s exile, probably to plan their next moves against the Contrariants and bring Despenser and his father back.”
….
…..
”The plan which Edward and Despenser conceived, probably while they were meeting in secret at Harwich or Portchester, centred around Bartholomew Badlesmere. Badlesmere was an important baron of the era who had once served in the retinue of Edward II’s nephew the earl of Gloucester, and was accused of abandoning the young earl to his death at the battle of Bannockburn”
…..
…..
”In the summer of 1321, Edward sent Badlesmere north to spy on a meeting between the earl of Lancaster and the Marcher lords; Badlesmere subsequently switched sides and joined them.”
…..
…..
”Badlesmere was with the Contrariants at Oxford, having put his Kent castles in a state of defence, but his wife was in residence at Leeds. It seems likely that Edward hoped she would refuse to allow Isabella entry, given the current political climate, which would be a gross insult to the royal family and would give Edward an excuse to attack the castle.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321.html

[365]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321.html

[366]

”Edward mobilised his own faction and placed Leeds castle under siege, giving Isabella the Great Seal and control of the royal Chancery.”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[367]

”Following a relentless assault of the fortress, which persisted for more than five days[n 3] and with the King’s troops using ballistas, Margaret surrendered at curfew on 31 October having received a “promise of mercy” from Edward.”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Ca stle

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

YOUTUBE
SHE WOLVES/ENGLAND’S EARLY QUEENS: ISABELLA AND
MARGARET

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=192QjemfTh0&t=868s

[368]

”The attack on Isabella increased Edward’s popular support; the moderate barons moved to support him, as did many volunteers from London.[11] Before long, chroniclers record that Edward had an army of 30,000 men besieging Leeds castle, although this may represent an overestimate”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

”on 16 and 17 October, to “punish the disobedience and contempt against the queen,” he ordered the sheriffs of Kent, Surrey, Sussex, Hampshire and Essex to muster knights and footmen “with horses and arms and as much power as possible” at Leeds on 23 October, and sent the earls of Pembroke and Richmond and the Scottish earl of Atholl as an advance guard.  The city of London sent 500 men to the siege”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

[369]

”Throughout the siege, she had expected the Earl of Lancaster to arrive with his soldiery to relieve her, but this he had refused to do;[23][n 4] nor had any of the other Contrariants or the Marcher Lords[n 5] come to her assistance, which left her to defend the castle with merely her husband’s nephew, Bartholomew de Burghersh, and the garrison troops”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Ca stle

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

[370]

”At Oxford, Badlesmere begged the Contrariants to take their armies and relieve the siege of Leeds, which put them in a very awkward position. Badlesmere was their ally, yet the men who had been so willing to destroy the Despensers’ lands a few months before were reluctant to take up arms against their king, and probably also reluctant to help a man who had until so recently been an ally of Hugh Despenser.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

[371]

”Thomas of Lancaster played right into Edward’s hands, as Edward and Hugh Despenser had no doubt predicted he would: he sent the Marchers a letter ordering them to not to aid Badlesmere, whom he detested [9], allowing Edward to pursue a policy of dividing and conquering his enemies.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

[372]

”Edward arrived at Leeds on 26 October, and ordered his hunting dogs sent to him three days later. [6] His half-brothers the earls of Norfolk and Kent, whom the Vita Edwardi Secundi describes as “active soldiers considering their age” – they were now twenty and twenty-one and finally old enough to play a role in Edward’s reign – joined the siege, as did the earls of Surrey and Arundel. With Pembroke and Richmond, this represented all the English earls alive in 1321 except the Contrariants Lancaster and Hereford”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 1321

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

”on 16 and 17 October, to “punish the disobedience and contempt against the queen,” he ordered the sheriffs of Kent, Surrey, Sussex, Hampshire and Essex to muster knights and footmen “with horses and arms and as much power as possible” at Leeds on 23 October, and sent the earls of Pembroke and Richmond and the Scottish earl of Atholl as an advance guard.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 1321

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

[373]

WIKIPEDIA
EARL OF CHESTER/SIXTH CREATION {1312)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Earl_of_Chester#Sixth_Creation _.281312.29

WIKIPEDIA
EARL OF CHESTER

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Earl_of_Chester

”With Pembroke and Richmond, this represented all the English earls alive in 1321 except the Contrariants Lancaster and Hereford, the obscure Oxford who played no role whatsoever in Edward’s reign, and the king’s son Chester, the future Edward III, who was not yet nine.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

[374]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE, 1321
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle-1321 .html

”Once King Edward had gained possession of the castle and the Badlesmere treasure within, the seneschal, Walter Colepepper and 12 of the garrison were hanged from the battlements.”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS  BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS  BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

[375]

”Margaret was arrested and sent as a prisoner, along with her five children and Bartholomew de Burghersh, to the Tower of London;”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Ca stle

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

YOUTUBE
SHE WOLVES/ENGLAND’S EARLY QUEENS: ISABELLA AND
MARGARET

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=192QjemfTh0&t=868s

[376]

”she therefore became the first recorded woman imprisoned in the Tower”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/THE SIEGE
OF LEEDS CASTLE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere#The_siege_of_Leeds_Ca stle

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Ba dlesmere

[377]

”Bartholomew fled south from Boroughbridge and, according to the “Livere de Reis”, was captured in a small wood near Brickden and taken by the Earl of Mar to Canterbury.”
…..
…..
”Bartholomew was tried at Canterbury on 14 April 1322 and sentenced to death. On the same day he was drawn for three miles behind a horse to Blean, where he held property.[34] There he was hanged and beheaded”

WIKIPEDIA
BARTHOLOMEW BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON DE BADLESMERE/
DEATH

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st _Baron_Badlesmere#Death

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA

BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, 1ST BARON  BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Bartholomew_de_Badlesmere,_1st _Baron_Badlesmere

”On 14 April 1322, Bartholomew was dragged three miles to the crossroads at Blean, hanged and then beheaded, and his head set on a spike over the gate into Canterbury; the only Contrariant in 1322 to suffer the full horrors of the traitor’s death. ”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
BARTHOLOMEW BADLESMERE (D. 1322) AND MARGARET DE CLARE (D. 1333)
22 MAY 2015

http://edwardthesecond. blogspot.nl/2015/05/ bartholomew-badlesmere-d-1322- and.html

[378]

”Badlesmere was captured after taking part in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322 which had ended with a royalist victory. Following trial at Canterbury, he was executed at Blean on 14 April 1322.”

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE/IMPRISONMENT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere#Imprisonment

WIKIPEDIA

WIKIPEDIA
MARGARET DE CLARE, BARONESS BADLESMERE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Clare,_Baroness_Badlesmere

[379]

”Lancaster refused to help Bartholomew, who was his personal enemy, and Edward quickly regained control of south-east England.”

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/THE DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_II_of_England#The_Despenser_War

WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_II_of_England

[380]

”Edward and Hugh Despenser must have known that the earl of Lancaster detested Badlesmere, and gambled that the powerful magnate would not help him. In addition, although Lancaster and Isabella were not allies, she was his niece and queen of England, and he could hardly be seen to defend a man who had insulted her. In this way, Edward could divide and conquer his enemies, and pick them off piecemeal – a clever tactic, and also a necessary one given Edward’s perpetual shortage of money”

EDWARDTHSECONDBLOGSPOT
THE SIEGE OF LEEDS CASTLE
24 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/leeds-castle- 1321.html

[381]

”Mortimer and Hereford travelled north to discuss the situation with Lancaster, and the three reaffirmed their intent to oppose Edward”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

”Lancaster refused to help Bartholomew, who was his personal enemy, and Edward quickly regained control of south-east England.[208] Alarmed, Lancaster now mobilised his own army in the north of England, and Edward mustered his own forces in the south-west”

WIKIPEDIA EDWARD II OF ENGLAND/THE DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England#The_Despe nser_War

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA
EDWARD II OF ENGLAND

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Edward_II_of_England

[382]

”Lancaster and his Marcher allies, despite Edward’s prohibition, did meet on 29 November, though probably at Pontefract rather than Doncaster, and the Sempringham annalist says that “they were sworn together a second time to maintain that which they had commenced.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le- despenser-malefactors-and.html

Thomas and his Marcher allies, despite Edward’s prohibition, did meet on 29 November, though probably at Pontefract rather than Doncaster, where “they were sworn together a second time to maintain that which they had commenced.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (3)
2 MAY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2010/05/thomas-of-lancast er-and-his.html

ALSO

Mortimer and Hereford travelled north to discuss the situation with Lancaster, and the three reaffirmed their intent to oppose Edward.”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[383]

THE CINQUE PORTS/HISTORY

http://cinqueports.org/history /

ORIGINAL SOURCE

THE CINQUE PORTS

http://cinqueports.org/

WIKIPEDIA
CINQUE PORTS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Cinque_Ports

[384]

” Given that Edward had placed Despenser under the care of the men of the Cinque Ports – he wrote to them on 27 November 1322 to thank them for “keeping him [Despenser] amongst them from the manifold toils prepared for him by reason of his service to the king, and for honouring the said Hugh in many ways” – and that he arrived at Portchester four days after the attack, his and Despenser’s involvement does seem possible.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S MYSTERIOUS MOVEMENTS IN
SEPTEMBER 1321
15 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/ed-iis-mysterious -movements-sept-1321.html

[385]

””And also, sire, in the place where the said Sire Huge is maintained by the said ports and other men of great number on the sea and on land and by the said evil counsellors, and also, by your power and the power of the said Sire Huge, ships are robbed on the sea, and the merchants coming towards the parts of England, to the great shame of the realm, and against the state of the crown, and to the great damage of the people”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-desp enser-malefactors-and.html

[386]

”A petition dating to between 1327 and 1330, presented to Edward III by ‘his liege men of Southampton’, claims that Batail and his men burnt and stole their ships, chattels, merchandise and goods to a loss of £8000 “in conspiracy with Hugh le Despenser the son,” who accused the townspeople of supporting the earl of Lancaster – an ally of the Marcher lords, Edward II’s first cousin and greatest enemy – against the king.”
…..
…..
”The petition also claims that Edward II “sent the community of Southampton to Portchester Castle, and imprisoned them there, and made them swear not to bring any suit against the people of the Cinque Ports, promising to make good their losses; which he did not do.” [10] Given that Edward had placed Despenser under the care of the men of the Cinque Ports – he wrote to them on 27 November 1322 to thank them for “keeping him [Despenser] amongst them from the manifold toils prepared for him by reason of his service to the king, and for honouring the said Hugh in many ways” – and that he arrived at Portchester four days after the attack, his and Despenser’s involvement does seem possible.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S MYSTERIOUS MOVEMENTS IN
SEPTEMBER 1321
15 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/ed-iis-mysterious -movements-sept-1321.html

[387]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-desp enser-malefactors-and.html

[388]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-desp enser-malefactors-and.html

[389]

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS
OF LANCASTER, A GUEST POST BY STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog. wordpress.com/2017/03/22/a- royal-traitor-the-life- execution-of-thomas-of- lancaster-a-guest-post-by- stephen-spinks/

SEE ALSO THE WEBSITE OF STEPHEN SPINKS

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE & EXECUTION OF THOMAS
OF LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https:// fourteenthcenturyfiend.com/ 2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor- the-life-execution-of-thomas- of-lancaster/

[390]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THOMAS OF LANCASTER AND HIS RELATIONSHIP
WITH EDWARD II (1)
19 APRIL 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/04/thomas-of-lancaster-and-his.html

[391]

”By 12 November, Edward had heard that the earl of Lancaster was planning to hold an assembly at Doncaster, and forbade him to do so, also ordering the earl of Hereford, Roger Mortimer, the king’s former favourites Roger Damory and Hugh Audley, and around a hundred other men, not to attend.”
……
…….
…….

”Lancaster and his Marcher allies, despite Edward’s prohibition, did meet on 29 November, though probably at Pontefract rather than Doncaster, and the Sempringham annalist says that “they were sworn together a second time to maintain that which they had commenced.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER
1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le- despenser-malefactors-and.html

ALSO

Mortimer and Hereford travelled north to discuss the situation with Lancaster, and the three reaffirmed their intent to oppose Edward.”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[392]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER 1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-desp enser-malefactors-and.html

[393]

”In November and December 1321, the Marchers reverted to their appalling behaviour of a few months earlier, and began extorting money and stealing goods from those who could least afford it. Roger Mortimer, the one who later became Isabella of France’s favourite, and his followers seized wheat, grain, livestock and other goods worth more than £140 from villagers in Herefordshire, while Maurice, Lord Berkeley demanded that the inhabitants of Lydney in Gloucestershire send him three pounds to support the rebels, or he would burn the village. Not surprisingly, the unfortunate villagers gave him the money. [12] Henry Lynet, one of Roger Damory’s adherents, attacked a Gloucestershire manor belonging to Peter Montfort because Montfort refused to join the Contrariants, while other men travelled through Gloucestershire seizing goods and chattels from villagers and selling them to raise money. [13] A group of John, Lord Mowbray’s adherents stole provisions worth forty pounds from a boat belonging to the merchant John Kygge of Grantham on 25 November 1321; Mowbray had, a few months earlier, stolen livestock, goods and chattels from the villagers of Laughton-en-le-Morthern in Yorkshire, and even robbed the church. [14] Roger Mortimer’s uncle Roger Mortimer of Chirk “violently ejected” William la Zouche from his manor of Elmley Lovett and stole goods worth 100 marks from him, because Zouche refused, despite Chirk’s threats, to join the rebels.”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER 1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-desp enser-malefactors-and.html

[394]

” Back in the Welsh borders, however, there was an uprising of the local peasantry, and Mortimer and Hereford were forced to return south to deal with the problem”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_ October_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA

DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[395]

”Edward marched to Cirencester in December, preparing to invade the Welsh borders”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_ October_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA

DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[396]

”he [Thomas of Lancaster, my addition] had hoped that the northern barons, his usual allies or rather his subordinates, would help him, but they refused to defy the king”

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
SIRE HUGE LE DESPENSER, MALEFACTORS AND
EXTORTIONISTS: SOME EVENTS OF NOVEMBER 1321
30 NOVEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspo t.nl/2009/11/sire-huge-le-desp enser-malefactors-and.html

”Rather than join the rebel lords in the Welsh march where he to held lands, instead Lancaster held meetings, firstly at Sherburn and latterly at Doncaster seeking to test the water of opposition and perhaps bring about a coalition of northern and Welsh barons. In the end it came to nothing as the northern lords preferred to stay out of affairs that did not impact on them.”

THE MORTIMER HISTORY SOCIETY
A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE AND EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER, GUEST POST BY
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://themortimersblog.wordp ress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-tr aitor-the-life-execution-of-th omas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post -by-stephen-spinks/

OR ON THE WEBLOG OF STEPHEN SPINKS:

A ROYAL TRAITOR: THE LIFE AND EXECUTION OF
THOMAS OF LANCASTER
STEPHEN SPINKS
22 MARCH 2017

https://fourteenthcenturyfiend .com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traito r-the-life-execution-of-thomas -of-lancaster/

[397]

”In the north, Lancaster was attempting to enlist the support of the Scots in a bid to bring more forces to bear before Edward could retake south Wales”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_ October_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE
WIKIPEDIA

DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

[398]

DICTIONARY.COM

PARLEY

”an informal conference betwe en enemies under a truce, espe cially todiscuss terms, condit ions of surrender, etc.”

http://www.dictionary.com/ browse/parley

[399]

”Edward marched to Cirencester in December, preparing to invade the Welsh borders.”

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR/SECOND PHASE: OCTOBER 1321-MARCH 1322

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War#Second_phase:_Oc tober_1321-March_1322

ORIGINAL SOURCE

WIKIPEDIA
DESPENSER WAR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Despenser_War

YOUTUBE.COM
DESPENSER WAR

https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=JzTNTr-8WJs&t=456s

[400]

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
EDWARD II’S CAMPAIGN OF 1321-1322
9 DECEMBER 2009

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2009/12/edward-iis-campaign-of-13211322-1.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE RISE AND FALL OF A ROYAL FAVOURITE: ROGER
DAMORY (1)
24 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/01/rise-and-fall-of-royal-favourite-roger.html

EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
THE RISE AND FALL OF A ROYAL FAVOURITE: ROGER
DAMORY (2)
28 JANUARY 2010

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2010/01/rise-and-fall-of-royal-favourite-roger_28.html

WIKIPEDIA
ROGER D’AMORY

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_d%27Amory

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Notes 348-400 at article about Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

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