Tagarchief: EU

Astrid Essed insists: Red Cross, please give me information about your present [2022] involvement with the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists. Photograph: Wojtek Radwański/AFP/Getty Images
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

Fallen tree in the Białowieża Forest

Bialowieza National Park in Poland0029.JPG
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bia%C5%82owie%C5%BCa_Forest

REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS

War of Russia against Ukraine. War refugees in Ukraine. KYIV, UKRAINE - Mar. 05, 2022: War of Russia against Ukraine. Women, old people and children evacuated stock images

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES

ASTRID ESSED INSISTS: RED CROSS, PLEASE GIVE ME INFORMATION

ABOUT YOUR PRESENT [2022] INVOLVEMENT WITH REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS

INTRODUCTION:

The attentive reader may have red my Letter to the International Red Cross

about their involvement with refugees, who are [sinds last year, 2021] trapped

between the borders of Poland and Belarus.

I especially wrote this letter, since I was, based on reliable information, under

the impression, that the Red Cross, however great their involvement

with the Poland-Belarus refugees in 2021 [for which I’ve complimented them],

may possibly have had less attention for the trapped refugees, due to the Ukraine crisis. 

See my Letter under note 1, below, in which I posed some questions

regarding the Red Cross involvement in 2022. 

To my pleasant surprise, the Committee of the Red Cross responded

my mail, despite their busy time schedule and their answer partly satisfied me,

regarding their showed involvement with those refugees.

However, the joint statement they sent me, regarding their involvement

was from november 2021 [2] and mentioned nothing about their PRESENT,

2022 involvement.

Reason for me to write the Red Cross again, to ask again about their involvement with the trapped refugees in 2022!

In the middle of all right attention to the Ukrainian refugees and their desperate

flight for the Russian invasion, other refugees, like those trapped in the middle

of the no man’s land somewhere between Poland and Belarus, must not

be forgotten.

I see it as my task to remind the International Red Cross to that.

Because even good organisations can make mistakes

First the notes

Then my first mail to the Red Cross [A]

Then the answer of the Red Cross [B]

Below the answer, my reaction to the answer to the Red

Cross, in text and mail [C]

ENJOY, READERS!

ASTRID ESSED

NOTES

[1]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS, THE UKRAINIAN REFUGEES,

TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS, DO YOU TREAT THEM

WITH EQUAL ATTENTION, RED CROSS?

ASTRID ESSED

[2]


ICRC AND IFCR ON MIGRATION CRISIS AT THE BORDERS

BETWEEN BELARUS, POLAND, LITHUANIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES

18 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.icrc.org/en/document/icrc-ifrc-migration-crisis-borders

A

FIRST ASTRID ESSED MAIL TO THE RED CROSS

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS, THE UKRAINIAN REFUGEES,

TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS, DO YOU TREAT THEM

WITH EQUAL ATTENTION, RED CROSS?

ASTRID ESSED

B

ANSWER OF THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS TO THE

FIRST ASTRID ESSED MAIL [SEE ABOVE, UNDER A]

On Tuesday, June 7, 2022, 07:50:49 PM GMT+2, GVA Inquiries Mailbox <inquiries@icrc.org> wrote:

Dear Astrid

Thank you for your sharing your concerns with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and apologies for the delayed answer. We are receiving hundreds of messages and doing our best to answer all of them.

We took note of your opinions and we highly value your feedback about our work. 

We work in over 100 contexts affected by armed conflict and violence. Our largest operations are in countries such as Syria, Yemen, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Somalia, and Ethiopia. In Ukraine, our work began in 2014 when the conflict started, and our presence in the country has grown since 24 February. 

As you mention in your message, the horror of the crisis in Ukraine shouldn’t make the world forget that people suffering continues in other parts of the world, where millions are still relying on humanitarian assistance to access their basic needs.   

We have followed the situation you mention closely and have supported the work that the National Red Cross Societies, their volunteers and other organizations are doing to help refugees. In 2021 we issued this joint press release: ICRC and IFRC on migration crisis at the borders between Belarus, Poland, Lithuania and other countries. In the statement, we expressed our alarm about the humanitarian tragedy unfolding and asked for unrestricted access for all organizations.

If you have specific questions about the situation of refugees, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) may be able to provide more information in this regard.

For more information about our work in Ukraine, please visit our website Humanitarian crisis in Ukraine. Information for people affected by the conflict is available here.

We hope this has helped clarify your concerns

Sincerely yours, 

The ICRC team

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

19, avenue de la Paix, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland

www.icrc.org

Twitter | Facebook | Instagram | TikTok

C

ASTRID ESSED REACTION TO THE ANSWER OF THE INTERNATIONAL

RED CROSS [SEE UNDER B]

ANSWER IN TEXT AND IN ORIGINAL MAIL

C1 

IN TEXT

TO:

THE ICRC TEAM

International Committee of the Red Cross

Subject:

Reaction to your mail dd 7 june and a repetition of my question

about the present [2022] Red Cross involvement regarding the situation

of the refugees, who are trapped between the borders of Poland and Belarus,

since your answer to me was referring to the situation of 2021 only.

See also my earlier mail to you on which you have responded

Dear Committee,

I appreciate your relatively quick reaction on my recent mail [27 may 2022],

knowing your very busy time schedule.

I also appreciate your concern, following my mail on 27 may, that the attention for the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine should not overshadow your concern

for other humanitarian drama’s.

In my letter I especially mentioned the dramatic humanitarian needs of

those refugees, who are still trapped between the borders of Belarus and Poland.I quote from your mail:”

As you mention in your message, the horror of the crisis in Ukraine shouldn’t make the world forget that people suffering continues in other parts of the world, where millions are still relying on humanitarian assistance to access their basic needs. ”I had noticed that before, since I mentioned inmy mail to you the statement of mr F Rocca, presidentof the International Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties, that there should be no difference in the receptionand protection of refugees, whether they are Ukrainians orcoming from other countries [1]
And in my former mail, I’ve also referred to the Good Work, done by the American Red Cross and the Finnish Red Cross  and doubtless other sections of the Red Cross regarding the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus [2] and I complimented you with that.
As reaction on my mail to you, you referred to your Joint PressRelease of 2021, titled: ”ICRC and IFCR on migration crisisat the borders between Belarus, Lithuania and other countries” [3]I was impressed, as by the Work of the American Red Cross andthe Finnish Red Cross and I fully supported your statement,especially this part [I quote you]”

All migrants, irrespective of their legal status, should have effective access to humanitarian assistance and medical assistance, as well as to protection. Whether this is international protection, or a voluntary return to their home countries, migrants’ rights should be respected at all times and authorities should avoid separating family members and putting at risk their lives and physical integrity.” [4]

True humanity and something the EU leaders should

reflect on.

HOWEVER:

[And reason for my reaction on your answer to me]

That is NOT what I asked you for.

Since you referred to the situation in 2021 and I am

anxious to know about PRESENT the situation, the

situation in 2022, of the

refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus [and

as I now understand, also Lithuania]

Perhaps I didn’t make that clear in my first mail to you?

Then I will do it now and repeat my questions:Based on the Statement of Amnesty Internationalon 11th of april 2022, the situation of thosetrapped between the Poland-Belarus border is direSee their statement: 

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

AND the Amnesty report ”POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS”  [5]

MY QUESTIONS ABOUT THE RED CROSS INVOLVEMENT

WITH THE MENTIONED REFUGEES IN 2022:

My questions refer to the PRESENT, 2022 ICRC involvement with

the refugees, who are trapped between the Poland-Belarus border,

as mentioned in my first mail [6]

I REPEAT:

 I had the impression, that on this moment, the main attention

of the International Cross goes to the Ukrainian refugees [7] and that the

trapped refugees between Poland and Belarus are somewhat forgotten.

When I am wrong, please send me the information about

your involvement in the no one land between those borders on this

moment, 2022.

When I am NOT wrong, please explain to me, why the International

Red Cross shows less attention to those refugees:

Are you being hindered in your activities, something volunteers have experienced in the past months? [8]

And if that’s so, what did you do, as an International Organisation, to

address to this situation?

Did you write to the Polish and Belarussian authorities?

Did you gave press conferences about this?

Did you try to visit the Polish detention centres, where, according to the

information of Amnesty International, the border refugees are being

mistreated and denied their right to asylum? [9]

If not, why not?

Because you are hindered in your activities?

And again the question:

If you are hindered in your activities, what did you do to protest and get access anyway, as

is your right and obligation as the International Red Cross?

Those are my questions, in short

I would appreciate your reaction, but if you are pressed with time,

the only thing I want is to recall the dire situation those refugees

are in and to urge your humanitarian involvement with them, also

now, in 2022, since their situation doesn’t seem to be more humane now.

Thank you for your involvement

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

IFRC PRESIDENT: ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY SHOULD NOT

BE DECIDING FACTORS IN SAVING LIVES

16 MAY 2022

PRESS RELEASE

https://www.ifrc.org/press-release/ifrc-president-ethnicity-and-nationality-should-not-be-deciding-factors-saving-lives

New York / Geneva, 16 May 2022 – President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Francesco Rocca calls on states to step up to their responsibility to save lives, no matter where people are from, ahead of the first review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM).

Mr Rocca says: “When I was in Marrakech for the adoption of the GCM I made a statement that the world’s approach to migration is painfully broken – but that the GCM can fix it. As we begin the first review of the progress made since then, I am sad to say that this has not been the case so far. Not enough changes to policies and practices to ensure safe and dignified migration have taken place, and many more lives have been lost due to that failure to act.”

On the world’s deadliest sea migration route, the central Mediterranean, the number of deaths has in fact increased since the GCM was signed. The Ocean Viking ship, operated by SOS Mediterranée with IFRC providing humanitarian services on board, saves people in distress on this route.

“We need to carry out this work as state-coordinated search and rescue is absent in the area,” says Mr Rocca. “Our teams have already saved 1,260 people in the nine months we’ve been operating.”

The Ocean Viking is one of the 330 Humanitarian Service Points (HSPs) in 45 countries that supports the ambitions of the GCM, providing assistance and protection to people on the move irrespective of status and without fear of reprisal. The Romanian Red Cross implements HSPs in Bucharest to support people fleeing Ukraine, providing information, food, water, hygiene items and financial assistance, while the Hungarian Red Cross has been operating a HSP at the Keleti railway station 24/7 to welcome people arriving from Ukraine by train with information, food, hygiene items and baby care products.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian Red Cross Society has implemented HSPs at the border with Venezuela, offering essential services like healthcare, while Libyan Red Crescent volunteers have provided support to migrants and displaced people, operating HSPs that provided access to information, food, and other necessities, as well as restoring family links services.

At the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF), the IFRC is calling for individual and collective efforts on search and rescue; ensuring access to essential services for migrants regardless of status; scaling up support to people affected of climate related displacement; and the inclusion of migrants in all aspects of society and decision making.

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,” says Mr Rocca. “This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.”

[2]

AMERICAN RED CROSS

THOUSANDS AT BELARUS BORDER IN NEED

OF HUMANITARIAN AID

https://www.redcross.org/about-us/news-and-events/news/2021/thousands-at-belarus-border-in-need-of-humanitarian-aid.html

November 15, 2021

The Red Cross is urgently providing relief efforts as thousands of people risk their lives in freezing conditions along the Belarus-Poland border. At least 10 people have died and an estimated 2,000 people are living in makeshift camps near the border between Belarus and neighboring countries Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) urges unhindered access to the border be provided to help the men, women and children risking their lives for a safer future. 

Belarus Red Cross has been coordinating aid from partners since last week, distributing food, water, blankets and warm clothes. Staff and volunteers are involved in a continuous response to the situation, sorting and distributing packages, as well as helping authorities set up heating tents for women and children. Assistance was also provided for three children who were hospitalized.

“We are concerned about the increasingly serious situation on the Poland-Belarus border, after large groups of migrants arrived there on November 8. We call for access for the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations so that all people in need, at the border and other locations, can receive medical treatment, humanitarian assistance and protection services,” said Andreas von Weissenberg, IFRC Europe’s head of Disasters, Climate and Crises.

“While Belarus Red Cross has thankfully been given some access to provide vital life-saving aid to people enduring hunger and freezing conditions, we need that access to be regular and also get access on the other side of the border. People need to be treated humanely,” von Weissenberg said.

The Polish Red Cross has been responding to this crisis for several weeks, delivering blankets, sleeping bags and clothes. Local branches are supporting migrants in provinces near the border with food, water and hygiene kits, as well as providing first aid and helping people trace family members.

Lithuanian Red Cross teams have also been supporting migrants close to the border with water, hygiene kits, footwear and clothing, as well as toys for children. In five large reception centers, volunteers provide food and other humanitarian aid, offer psychological support and legal assistance and help people reconnect with their loved ones by providing mobile phones and SIM cards.

IFRC is in the process of providing the Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross with emergency funding to support the migrants with food, clothes, hygiene items, first aid and family reunification services.

“Humanitarian organizations must be granted unconditional and safe access to all people in need, irrespective of their legal status. People are crossing the border with just the clothes on their backs. They need food, medicine, hygiene items, clothing, and protective equipment against COVID-19. We must be allowed to deliver critical assistance and we want to see a peaceful, humane and rights-based solution to the situation,” von Weissenberg concluded. 

THE FINISH RED CROSS

THE RED CROSS IS HELPING MIGRANTS STRUGGLING IN

DANGEROUS CONDITIONS AT THE EU’S EASTERN BORDER

24 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.redcross.fi/news/2021/the-red-cross-is-helping-migrants-struggling-in-dangerous-conditions-at-the-eus-eastern-border/

The situation of migrants trying to enter the EU at the border of Poland, Lithuania and Belarus is alarming. Thousands of migrants have been stuck on the border region since early autumn. The situation of people sleeping without shelter is expected to worsen as the winter approaches.

The Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian Red Cross organisations are helping migrants at the borders by distributing food, clean water, hygiene supplies, clothes and blankets and by offering essential health care.

The health of the people sleeping rough is at continuous risk. At least 10 people are known to have died. Among them, a 14-year-old boy who died of hypothermia.

“There are hundreds of children at the border, many of whom have been separated from their families. The are also pregnant women and disabled people among the migrants. Their situation is worsening by the hour as the crisis drags on and nights become colder,” says the Director of International Operations at the Finnish Red Cross Tiina Saarikoski.

“All states are obliged to ensure that humanitarian aid gets through to its target. People have the right to necessary protection, care and safety, regardless of whether they are granted the right to stay in the country or not.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross helps migrants establish contact with their family members. 

The Finnish Red Cross maintains preparedness for large-scale migration as part of its continuous readiness. As agreed with the authorities, the Red Cross is permanently prepared to establish and maintain reception centres and temporary accommodation units at the request of the authorities.

The Finnish Red Cross has not received official requests in relation to the situation in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. 
 
“The most important thing right now is to deliver necessary aid to the migrants in unsafe conditions and allow humanitarian operators to provide aid,” Saarikoski emphasises. 

[3]

ICRC AND IFCR ON MIGRATION CRISIS AT THE BORDERS

BETWEEN BELARUS, POLAND, LITHUANIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES

18 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.icrc.org/en/document/icrc-ifrc-migration-crisis-borders

Unrestricted and safe humanitarian access urgently needed to save lives and alleviate suffering.

STATEMENT18 NOVEMBER 2021

Budapest/Geneva – November 18, 2021 — The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are alarmed by the humanitarian tragedy unfolding at the borders between Belarus, Poland and Lithuania. At least 10 people are known to have died, including a 14-year-old boy due to hypothermia. The situation is set to worsen with the most serious winter weather yet to arrive.

IFRC has allocated more than 1 million Swiss Francs to Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross, whose volunteers and staff are assisting thousands of vulnerable people with food, water, blankets and vital medical assistance. ICRC is complementing the response, providing support and additional technical expertise to Red Cross partners, notably to keep migrants in contact with their relatives and other protection-related issues.

Birgitte Ebbesen, IFRC Regional Director for Europe said, “There are extremely vulnerable people at the border, including people with disabilities, pregnant women, and hundreds of children – many of them without a parent or family member. They have been sleeping rough in freezing conditions for many days now.”

“Our volunteers have been able to provide some assistance, but many are still hungry and cold. These are mothers, sisters, sons and daughters, people whose lives matter, and they should be protected and treated with compassion and dignity.”

Martin Schüepp, ICRC Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia said: “To protect people’s lives, health and dignity, as well as ease suffering and prevent further tragedy, all Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners and other humanitarian organisations need immediate, unrestricted access to all migrants, including at borders.”

“The ICRC is providing support and additional technical expertise to our Red Cross partners, on reuniting people with separated family members and other protection-related issues.”

All migrants, irrespective of their legal status, should have effective access to humanitarian assistance and medical assistance, as well as to protection. Whether this is international protection, or a voluntary return to their home countries, migrants’ rights should be respected at all times and authorities should avoid separating family members and putting at risk their lives and physical integrity.

[4]

”All migrants, irrespective of their legal status, should have effective access to humanitarian assistance and medical assistance, as well as to protection. Whether this is international protection, or a voluntary return to their home countries, migrants’ rights should be respected at all times and authorities should avoid separating family members and putting at risk their lives and physical integrity.”

ICRC AND IFCR ON MIGRATION CRISIS AT THE BORDERS

BETWEEN BELARUS, POLAND, LITHUANIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES

18 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.icrc.org/en/document/icrc-ifrc-migration-crisis-borders

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 3

[5]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

Poland/Belarus: New evidence of abuses highlights ‘hypocrisy’ of unequal treatment of asylum-seekers 

  • Authorities violating rights of asylum-seekers, including strip searches and other degrading treatment, in overcrowded detention centres
  • Some people forcibly sedated during return
  • Pushbacks and arbitrary detention in stark contrast with welcome shown to those fleeing Ukraine
  • Spokespeople available

The Polish authorities have arbitrarily detained nearly two thousand asylum-seekers who crossed into the country from Belarus in 2021, and subjected many of them to abuse, including strip searches in unsanitary, overcrowded facilities, and in some cases even to forcible sedation and tasering, Amnesty International said today.

Additionally, after a hiatus during winter, more asylum-seekers are now trying to enter Poland from Belarus, where they are unable to access further funds due to international sanctions and risk harassment or apprehension by Belarusian police due their irregular immigration status. At the Polish border they face razor wire fences and repeated pushbacks by border guards sometimes up to 20-30 times.

“This violent and degrading treatment stands in stark contrast to the warm welcome Poland is offering to displaced people arriving from Ukraine. The behaviour of the Polish authorities smacks of racism and hypocrisy. Poland must urgently extend its admirable compassion for those entering the country from Ukraine to all those crossing its borders to seek safety.”

Arbitrary detention and abysmal detention conditions

Polish border guards have systematically rounded up and violently pushed back people crossing from Belarus, sometimes threatening them with guns. The vast majority of those who have been fortunate enough to avoid being pushed back to Belarus and to apply for asylum in Poland are forced into automatic detention, without a proper assessment of their individual situation and the impact detention would have on their physical and mental health. They are often held for prolonged and indefinite periods of time in overcrowded centres that offer little privacy and only limited access to sanitary facilities, doctors, psychologists, or legal assistance.

Almost all of the people Amnesty International interviewed said they were  traumatized after fleeing areas of conflict and being trapped for months on the Belarusian-Polish border. They also suffered from serious psychological problems, including anxiety, insomnia, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts, undoubtedly exacerbated by their unnecessary metres. For most, psychological support was unavailable.

Retraumatized inside a military base

Many of the people who Amnesty spoke to had been in Wędrzyn detention centre, which holds up to 600 people. Overcrowding is particularly acute in this facility, where up to 24 men are detained in rooms measuring just eight square metres.

In 2021, the Polish authorities decreased the minimum required space for foreign detainees from three square meters per person to just two. The Council of Europe minimum standard for personal living space in prisons and detention centres is four square meters per person.

People held in Wędrzyn recounted how guards greeted new detainees  by saying “welcome to Guantánamo”. Many of them were victims of torture in their home countries before enduring harrowing experiences both in Belarus and on the border of Poland. The detention centre in Wędrzyn forms part of an active military base. The facility’s barbed wire walls — and the persistent sound of armoured vehicles, helicopters and gunfire from military exercises in the area — only serves to retraumatize them.

In Lesznowola Detention Centre, detainees said that guards’ treatment left them feeling dehumanized. The staff called detainees by their case numbers instead of using their names and meted out excessive punishments, including isolation, for simple requests, such as asking for a towel or more food.

Nearly all those interviewed reported consistently disrespectful and verbally abusive behaviour, racist remarks and other practices that indicated psychological ill-treatment. 

Men who Amnesty International interviewed uniformly  complained about the manner in which body searches were  conducted. When people were  transferred from one detention centre to another, they were forced to undergo a strip search at each facility, even though they were in state custody at all times. In Wędrzyn, people recounted abusive searches. For example, all newly admitted foreigners are kept together in a room, required to remove all of their clothes and ordered to perform squats longer than necessary for a legitimate check.

Violent forcible returns

Amnesty International interviewed several people who were forcibly returned as well as some who avoided return and remain in detention in Poland. Many said the Polish border guards who conducted the returns coerced them into signing documents in Polish that they suspected included incriminating information in order to justify their returns. They also said that, in some cases, border guards used excessive force, such as tasers, restrained people with handcuffs, and even sedated those being returned. 

Authorities attempted to forcibly return Yezda, a 30-year old Kurdish woman , with her husband and three small children. After being told that the family would be returned to Iraq, Yezda panicked and screamed and pleaded with the guards not to take them. She threatened to take her life and became extremely agitated. “I knew I could not go back to Iraq and I was ready to die in Poland. While I was crying like that, two guards restrained me and my husband, tied our hands behind our backs, and a doctor gave us an injection that made us very weak and sleepy. My head was not clear, but I could hear my children, who were in the room with us, crying and screaming.”

“We were asked to go through the airport security and the guards told us to behave on the plane. But I refused to go. I remember noticing that I didn’t even have any shoes on, as in the chaos at the camp, they slipped of my feet. My head was not clear, and I couldn’t see my husband or the children, but I remember that they forced me on the plane that was full of people. I was still crying and pleading with the police not to take us.” Yezda said that she broke her foot as she fought the guards who tried to put her on the plane. Yezda and her family were returned to Warsaw after the airline refused to take them to Iraq. They remain in a camp in Poland for now.

Volunteers and activists have been barred from accessing the border of Poland and Belarus, and some have even faced prosecution for trying to help people cross the border. In March, activists who had helped people both on Poland’s borders with Ukraine and with Belarus were detained for providing life-saving assistance to refugees and migrants on the Belarussian border, and now face potentially serious charges.

Stranded at the border

On 20 March, the Belarusian authorities reportedly evicted close to 700 refugees and migrants, including many families with young children and people suffering from severe illnesses and disabilities, from the warehouse in the Belarusian village of Bruzgi which had accommodated several thousand people in 2021.

People who were evicted from the warehouse suddenly found themselves stranded in the forest, trying to survive in sub-zero temperatures without shelter, food, water or access to medical care. Many remain in the forest and experience daily abuse from the Belarusian border guards, who use dogs and violence to force people to cross the border into Poland.

“Hundreds of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and other parts of the world remain stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland. The Polish government must immediately stop pushbacks. They are illegal no matter how the government tries to justify them. The international community – including the EU – must demand that those trapped on Poland’s border with Belarus be afforded the same access to EU territory as any other group seeking refuge in Europe,” said Jelena Sesar.

END OF THE ARTICLE

REPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

The rapid relief effort at the border, exceptional generosity of civil society and willingness of Polish authorities to receive people fleeing from Ukraine contrast starkly with the Polish government’s hostility toward refugees and migrants who have arrived in the country via Belarus since July 2021. Hundreds of people who crossed from Belarus have been arbitrarily detained in Poland in appalling conditions and without access to a fair asylum proceeding. Many have been forcibly returned to their countries of origin, some under sedation. In addition, hundreds of people remain stranded inside Belarus and face increasingly desperate conditions.

END OF THIS PIECE

FULL REPORT

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/EUR3754602022ENGLISH.pdf

[6]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS, THE UKRAINIAN REFUGEES

AND THE REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS/

DO YOU TREAT THEM WITH EQUAL ATTENTION, RED CROSS?

ASTRID ESSED

[7]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS 

HUMANITARIAN CRISIS IN UKRAINE AND NEIGHBOURING

COUNTRIES

https://www.icrc.org/en/humanitarian-crisis-ukraine

IFRC SCALES UP CASH ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE IMPACTED

BY CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

23 MAY 2022

https://www.ifrc.org/article/ifrc-scales-cash-assistance-people-impacted-conflict-ukraine

Three months into the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has distributed financial assistance totalling more than 4.3 million Swiss francs to thousands of people on the move.

IFRC Head of Emergency Operations for the Ukraine response, Anne Katherine Moore, said:

“The longer the conflict continues, the greater the needs become. The cost of basic necessities, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, is rising. Increases in the cost of fuel and apartment rentals are also being reported. Millions of people have lost their jobs and their savings are dwindling. Through a new mobile app, we have been able to ramp up our support to help people facing these financial challenges.”

The new technology makes it possible for the IFRC and responding National Societies to reach people at scale and to deliver cash assistance digitally. Successfully introduced in Romania, the mobile app allows refugees to self-register for assistance online, negating the need and cost involved of having to travel to a central location.

The app will soon be expanded to Poland and Slovakia, where cash assistance is already being provided through more traditional methods such as in-person registration, as well as Ukraine and other neighbouring countries.

“This is the fastest we have ever delivered cash at this scale. It has the potential to be a game-changer for our work not just in this response, but also in future operations,” Moore continued.

Cash assistance is a dignified and efficient way to support people impacted by the conflict, allowing them to purchase items specific to their individual needs, while also supporting local economies. It is one part of our integrated and wide-ranging Red Cross and Red Crescent response to the conflict that also includes the provision of health care, first aid, psychosocial support and the distribution of basic household necessities.

Speaking about next steps, Moore said: “There is no short-term solution to the needs of the more than 14 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. We know that even if the conflict was to end tomorrow, rebuilding and recovery will take years. People have lost their homes, their livelihoods, and access to timely healthcare. The IFRC, in support of local National Red Cross Societies in the region, will be there helping people now, and in the months and years to come.”

During the past three months:
  • Together, we have reached more than 2.1 million people with life-saving aid within Ukraine and in surrounding countries. This is 1 in 10 people who had to flee their homes because of the conflict.
  • Along the travel routes within and outside Ukraine, we’ve set up 142 Humanitarian Service Points in 15 countries to provide those fleeing with a safe environment. There, they receive essential services like food, hygiene items, blankets, clothing water, first aid, psychosocial support, information, and financial assistance.
  • In total, we distributed 2.3 million kilograms of aid.
  • 71,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers are responding to the crisis.

[8]

MEDICS LEAVE POLAND=BELARUS BORDER WITHOUT

REACHING MIGRANTS

https://www.dw.com/en/medics-leave-poland-belarus-border-without-reaching-migrants/a-60353514

Doctors Without Borders removed its team on the Belarus-Poland border after Warsaw blocked access to migrants trying to enter the European Union. Camped in harsh conditions, several people have died on the EU’s doorstep.

Despite knowing people along the Belarus-Poland border were “in desperate need of medical and humanitarian assistance,” the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it withdrew its emergency response team from the region.

“Since October, MSF has repeatedly requested access to the restricted area and the border guard posts in Poland, but without success,” Frauke Ossig, the charity’s emergency coordinator for Poland and Lithuania, said on Thursday.

“We know that there are still people crossing the border and hiding in the forest, in need of support, but while we are committed to assisting people on the move wherever they may be, we have not been able to reach them in Poland,” Ossig added.

MSF said it was concerned that restricting access to major aid organizations could result in more deaths and such policies were “another example of the EU deliberately creating unsafe conditions for people to seek asylum at its borders.”

While many of the migrants received shelter in a logistics center, a number of people are reported to have died in the freezing, harsh conditions along the border.

Why can’t aid groups reach migrants and asylum-seekers?

On December 1, Poland’s Interior Ministry extended a state of emergency that prohibits all non-residents, including journalists and non-governmental aid groups, from the border area.

“People are being attacked and beaten at the hands of border guards, and yet state officials continue to allow the practice of pushing people between borders knowing that such maltreatment continues,” MSF said.

With thousands of people on the Belarusian side of the 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch, Poland built a barbed-wire fence that it intends to replace with a permanent barrier and sent thousands of soldiers to the border, leaving the migrants stuck in camps in no man’s land and unable to apply for asylum in the European Union.

Polish border guards accused of illegal ‘pushbacks’

Polish border guards have been accused of forcibly pushing migrants and asylum-seekers back into Belarus — a move that breaches international law. At least 21 people have lost their lives in the attempt in 2021, MSF reported.

In December, the Polish civil society group Salam Lab reported that five Syrian and one Palestinian who managed to find their way outside Poland’s exclusion zone said they had been pushed back to Belarus several times by Polish authorities.

EU nations Latvia and Lithuania, which also share borders with Belarus, have also reinforced their border security and declared a state of emergency. MSF said it had not received access to migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border.

The European Union has accused Belarus’ authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko of encouraging people fleeing conflict and poverty in the Middle East to attempt to enter the EU through Belarus.

Belarus denies this and has urged the EU to take in the migrants.

“The current situation is unacceptable and inhumane,” Ossig said. “People have the right to seek safety and asylum and should not be illegitimately pushed back to Belarus.”

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 5

C2

IN MAIL

From: Astrid Essed <astridessed@yahoo.com>

To: GVA Inquiries Mailbox <inquiries@icrc.org>

Sent: Sunday, June 12, 2022, 12:40:24 PM GMT+2

Subject: Re: Questions about the International Red Cross attitude against Ukrainian refugees versus refugees trapped between Belarus and Poland

TO:

THE ICRC TEAM

International Committee of the Red Cross

Subject:

Reaction to your mail dd 7 june and a repetition of my question

about the present [2022] Red Cross involvement regarding the situation

of the refugees, who are trapped between the borders of Poland and Belarus,

since your answer to me was referring to the situation of 2021 only.

See also my earlier mail to you on which you have responded

Dear Committee,

I appreciate your relatively quick reaction on my recent mail [27 may 2022],

knowing your very busy time schedule.

I also appreciate your concern, following my mail on 27 may, that the attention for the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine should not overshadow your concern

for other humanitarian drama’s.

In my letter I especially mentioned the dramatic humanitarian needs of

those refugees, who are still trapped between the borders of Belarus and Poland.I quote from your mail:”

As you mention in your message, the horror of the crisis in Ukraine shouldn’t make the world forget that people suffering continues in other parts of the world, where millions are still relying on humanitarian assistance to access their basic needs. ”I had noticed that before, since I mentioned inmy mail to you the statement of mr F Rocca, presidentof the International Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties, that there should be no difference in the receptionand protection of refugees, whether they are Ukrainians orcoming from other countries [1]
And in my former mail, I’ve also referred to the Good Work, done by the American Red Cross and the Finnish Red Cross  and doubtless other sections of the Red Cross regarding the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus [2] and I complimented you with that.
As reaction on my mail to you, you referred to your Joint PressRelease of 2021, titled: ”ICRC and IFCR on migration crisisat the borders between Belarus, Lithuania and other countries” [3]I was impressed, as by the Work of the American Red Cross andthe Finnish Red Cross and I fully supported your statement,especially this part [I quote you]”

All migrants, irrespective of their legal status, should have effective access to humanitarian assistance and medical assistance, as well as to protection. Whether this is international protection, or a voluntary return to their home countries, migrants’ rights should be respected at all times and authorities should avoid separating family members and putting at risk their lives and physical integrity.” [4]

True humanity and something the EU leaders should

reflect on.

HOWEVER:

[And reason for my reaction on your answer to me]

That is NOT what I asked you for.

Since you referred to the situation in 2021 and I am

anxious to know about PRESENT the situation, the

situation in 2022, of the

refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus [and

as I now understand, also Lithuania]

Perhaps I didn’t make that clear in my first mail to you?

Then I will do it now and repeat my questions:Based on the Statement of Amnesty Internationalon 11th of april 2022, the situation of thosetrapped between the Poland-Belarus border is direSee their statement: 

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

AND the Amnesty report ”POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS”  [5]

MY QUESTIONS ABOUT THE RED CROSS INVOLVEMENT

WITH THE MENTIONED REFUGEES IN 2022:

My questions refer to the PRESENT, 2022 ICRC involvement with

the refugees, who are trapped between the Poland-Belarus border,

as mentioned in my first mail [6]

I REPEAT:

 I had the impression, that on this moment, the main attention

of the International Cross goes to the Ukrainian refugees [7] and that the

trapped refugees between Poland and Belarus are somewhat forgotten.

When I am wrong, please send me the information about

your involvement in the no one land between those borders on this

moment, 2022.

When I am NOT wrong, please explain to me, why the International

Red Cross shows less attention to those refugees:

Are you being hindered in your activities, something volunteers have experienced in the past months? [8]

And if that’s so, what did you do, as an International Organisation, to

address to this situation?

Did you write to the Polish and Belarussian authorities?

Did you gave press conferences about this?

Did you try to visit the Polish detention centres, where, according to the

information of Amnesty International, the border refugees are being

mistreated and denied their right to asylum? [9]

If not, why not?

Because you are hindered in your activities?

And again the question:

If you are hindered in your activities, what did you do to protest and get access anyway, as

is your right and obligation as the International Red Cross?

Those are my questions, in short

I would appreciate your reaction, but if you are pressed with time,

the only thing I want is to recall the dire situation those refugees

are in and to urge your humanitarian involvement with them, also

now, in 2022, since their situation doesn’t seem to be more humane now.

Thank you for your involvement

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

IFRC PRESIDENT: ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY SHOULD NOT

BE DECIDING FACTORS IN SAVING LIVES

16 MAY 2022

PRESS RELEASE

https://www.ifrc.org/press-release/ifrc-president-ethnicity-and-nationality-should-not-be-deciding-factors-saving-lives

New York / Geneva, 16 May 2022 – President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Francesco Rocca calls on states to step up to their responsibility to save lives, no matter where people are from, ahead of the first review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM).

Mr Rocca says: “When I was in Marrakech for the adoption of the GCM I made a statement that the world’s approach to migration is painfully broken – but that the GCM can fix it. As we begin the first review of the progress made since then, I am sad to say that this has not been the case so far. Not enough changes to policies and practices to ensure safe and dignified migration have taken place, and many more lives have been lost due to that failure to act.”

On the world’s deadliest sea migration route, the central Mediterranean, the number of deaths has in fact increased since the GCM was signed. The Ocean Viking ship, operated by SOS Mediterranée with IFRC providing humanitarian services on board, saves people in distress on this route.

“We need to carry out this work as state-coordinated search and rescue is absent in the area,” says Mr Rocca. “Our teams have already saved 1,260 people in the nine months we’ve been operating.”

The Ocean Viking is one of the 330 Humanitarian Service Points (HSPs) in 45 countries that supports the ambitions of the GCM, providing assistance and protection to people on the move irrespective of status and without fear of reprisal. The Romanian Red Cross implements HSPs in Bucharest to support people fleeing Ukraine, providing information, food, water, hygiene items and financial assistance, while the Hungarian Red Cross has been operating a HSP at the Keleti railway station 24/7 to welcome people arriving from Ukraine by train with information, food, hygiene items and baby care products.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian Red Cross Society has implemented HSPs at the border with Venezuela, offering essential services like healthcare, while Libyan Red Crescent volunteers have provided support to migrants and displaced people, operating HSPs that provided access to information, food, and other necessities, as well as restoring family links services.

At the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF), the IFRC is calling for individual and collective efforts on search and rescue; ensuring access to essential services for migrants regardless of status; scaling up support to people affected of climate related displacement; and the inclusion of migrants in all aspects of society and decision making.

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,” says Mr Rocca. “This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.”

[2]

AMERICAN RED CROSS

THOUSANDS AT BELARUS BORDER IN NEED

OF HUMANITARIAN AID

https://www.redcross.org/about-us/news-and-events/news/2021/thousands-at-belarus-border-in-need-of-humanitarian-aid.html

November 15, 2021

The Red Cross is urgently providing relief efforts as thousands of people risk their lives in freezing conditions along the Belarus-Poland border. At least 10 people have died and an estimated 2,000 people are living in makeshift camps near the border between Belarus and neighboring countries Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) urges unhindered access to the border be provided to help the men, women and children risking their lives for a safer future. 

Belarus Red Cross has been coordinating aid from partners since last week, distributing food, water, blankets and warm clothes. Staff and volunteers are involved in a continuous response to the situation, sorting and distributing packages, as well as helping authorities set up heating tents for women and children. Assistance was also provided for three children who were hospitalized.

“We are concerned about the increasingly serious situation on the Poland-Belarus border, after large groups of migrants arrived there on November 8. We call for access for the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations so that all people in need, at the border and other locations, can receive medical treatment, humanitarian assistance and protection services,” said Andreas von Weissenberg, IFRC Europe’s head of Disasters, Climate and Crises.

“While Belarus Red Cross has thankfully been given some access to provide vital life-saving aid to people enduring hunger and freezing conditions, we need that access to be regular and also get access on the other side of the border. People need to be treated humanely,” von Weissenberg said.

The Polish Red Cross has been responding to this crisis for several weeks, delivering blankets, sleeping bags and clothes. Local branches are supporting migrants in provinces near the border with food, water and hygiene kits, as well as providing first aid and helping people trace family members.

Lithuanian Red Cross teams have also been supporting migrants close to the border with water, hygiene kits, footwear and clothing, as well as toys for children. In five large reception centers, volunteers provide food and other humanitarian aid, offer psychological support and legal assistance and help people reconnect with their loved ones by providing mobile phones and SIM cards.

IFRC is in the process of providing the Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross with emergency funding to support the migrants with food, clothes, hygiene items, first aid and family reunification services.

“Humanitarian organizations must be granted unconditional and safe access to all people in need, irrespective of their legal status. People are crossing the border with just the clothes on their backs. They need food, medicine, hygiene items, clothing, and protective equipment against COVID-19. We must be allowed to deliver critical assistance and we want to see a peaceful, humane and rights-based solution to the situation,” von Weissenberg concluded. 

THE FINISH RED CROSS

THE RED CROSS IS HELPING MIGRANTS STRUGGLING IN

DANGEROUS CONDITIONS AT THE EU’S EASTERN BORDER

24 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.redcross.fi/news/2021/the-red-cross-is-helping-migrants-struggling-in-dangerous-conditions-at-the-eus-eastern-border/

The situation of migrants trying to enter the EU at the border of Poland, Lithuania and Belarus is alarming. Thousands of migrants have been stuck on the border region since early autumn. The situation of people sleeping without shelter is expected to worsen as the winter approaches.

The Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian Red Cross organisations are helping migrants at the borders by distributing food, clean water, hygiene supplies, clothes and blankets and by offering essential health care.

The health of the people sleeping rough is at continuous risk. At least 10 people are known to have died. Among them, a 14-year-old boy who died of hypothermia.

“There are hundreds of children at the border, many of whom have been separated from their families. The are also pregnant women and disabled people among the migrants. Their situation is worsening by the hour as the crisis drags on and nights become colder,” says the Director of International Operations at the Finnish Red Cross Tiina Saarikoski.

“All states are obliged to ensure that humanitarian aid gets through to its target. People have the right to necessary protection, care and safety, regardless of whether they are granted the right to stay in the country or not.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross helps migrants establish contact with their family members. 

The Finnish Red Cross maintains preparedness for large-scale migration as part of its continuous readiness. As agreed with the authorities, the Red Cross is permanently prepared to establish and maintain reception centres and temporary accommodation units at the request of the authorities.

The Finnish Red Cross has not received official requests in relation to the situation in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. 
 
“The most important thing right now is to deliver necessary aid to the migrants in unsafe conditions and allow humanitarian operators to provide aid,” Saarikoski emphasises. 

[3]

ICRC AND IFCR ON MIGRATION CRISIS AT THE BORDERS

BETWEEN BELARUS, POLAND, LITHUANIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES

18 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.icrc.org/en/document/icrc-ifrc-migration-crisis-borders

Unrestricted and safe humanitarian access urgently needed to save lives and alleviate suffering.

STATEMENT18 NOVEMBER 2021

Budapest/Geneva – November 18, 2021 — The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are alarmed by the humanitarian tragedy unfolding at the borders between Belarus, Poland and Lithuania. At least 10 people are known to have died, including a 14-year-old boy due to hypothermia. The situation is set to worsen with the most serious winter weather yet to arrive.

IFRC has allocated more than 1 million Swiss Francs to Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross, whose volunteers and staff are assisting thousands of vulnerable people with food, water, blankets and vital medical assistance. ICRC is complementing the response, providing support and additional technical expertise to Red Cross partners, notably to keep migrants in contact with their relatives and other protection-related issues.

Birgitte Ebbesen, IFRC Regional Director for Europe said, “There are extremely vulnerable people at the border, including people with disabilities, pregnant women, and hundreds of children – many of them without a parent or family member. They have been sleeping rough in freezing conditions for many days now.”

“Our volunteers have been able to provide some assistance, but many are still hungry and cold. These are mothers, sisters, sons and daughters, people whose lives matter, and they should be protected and treated with compassion and dignity.”

Martin Schüepp, ICRC Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia said: “To protect people’s lives, health and dignity, as well as ease suffering and prevent further tragedy, all Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners and other humanitarian organisations need immediate, unrestricted access to all migrants, including at borders.”

“The ICRC is providing support and additional technical expertise to our Red Cross partners, on reuniting people with separated family members and other protection-related issues.”

All migrants, irrespective of their legal status, should have effective access to humanitarian assistance and medical assistance, as well as to protection. Whether this is international protection, or a voluntary return to their home countries, migrants’ rights should be respected at all times and authorities should avoid separating family members and putting at risk their lives and physical integrity.

[4]

”All migrants, irrespective of their legal status, should have effective access to humanitarian assistance and medical assistance, as well as to protection. Whether this is international protection, or a voluntary return to their home countries, migrants’ rights should be respected at all times and authorities should avoid separating family members and putting at risk their lives and physical integrity.”

ICRC AND IFCR ON MIGRATION CRISIS AT THE BORDERS

BETWEEN BELARUS, POLAND, LITHUANIA AND OTHER COUNTRIES

18 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.icrc.org/en/document/icrc-ifrc-migration-crisis-borders

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 3

[5]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

Poland/Belarus: New evidence of abuses highlights ‘hypocrisy’ of unequal treatment of asylum-seekers 

  • Authorities violating rights of asylum-seekers, including strip searches and other degrading treatment, in overcrowded detention centres
  • Some people forcibly sedated during return
  • Pushbacks and arbitrary detention in stark contrast with welcome shown to those fleeing Ukraine
  • Spokespeople available

The Polish authorities have arbitrarily detained nearly two thousand asylum-seekers who crossed into the country from Belarus in 2021, and subjected many of them to abuse, including strip searches in unsanitary, overcrowded facilities, and in some cases even to forcible sedation and tasering, Amnesty International said today.

Additionally, after a hiatus during winter, more asylum-seekers are now trying to enter Poland from Belarus, where they are unable to access further funds due to international sanctions and risk harassment or apprehension by Belarusian police due their irregular immigration status. At the Polish border they face razor wire fences and repeated pushbacks by border guards sometimes up to 20-30 times.

“This violent and degrading treatment stands in stark contrast to the warm welcome Poland is offering to displaced people arriving from Ukraine. The behaviour of the Polish authorities smacks of racism and hypocrisy. Poland must urgently extend its admirable compassion for those entering the country from Ukraine to all those crossing its borders to seek safety.”

Arbitrary detention and abysmal detention conditions

Polish border guards have systematically rounded up and violently pushed back people crossing from Belarus, sometimes threatening them with guns. The vast majority of those who have been fortunate enough to avoid being pushed back to Belarus and to apply for asylum in Poland are forced into automatic detention, without a proper assessment of their individual situation and the impact detention would have on their physical and mental health. They are often held for prolonged and indefinite periods of time in overcrowded centres that offer little privacy and only limited access to sanitary facilities, doctors, psychologists, or legal assistance.

Almost all of the people Amnesty International interviewed said they were  traumatized after fleeing areas of conflict and being trapped for months on the Belarusian-Polish border. They also suffered from serious psychological problems, including anxiety, insomnia, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts, undoubtedly exacerbated by their unnecessary metres. For most, psychological support was unavailable.

Retraumatized inside a military base

Many of the people who Amnesty spoke to had been in Wędrzyn detention centre, which holds up to 600 people. Overcrowding is particularly acute in this facility, where up to 24 men are detained in rooms measuring just eight square metres.

In 2021, the Polish authorities decreased the minimum required space for foreign detainees from three square meters per person to just two. The Council of Europe minimum standard for personal living space in prisons and detention centres is four square meters per person.

People held in Wędrzyn recounted how guards greeted new detainees  by saying “welcome to Guantánamo”. Many of them were victims of torture in their home countries before enduring harrowing experiences both in Belarus and on the border of Poland. The detention centre in Wędrzyn forms part of an active military base. The facility’s barbed wire walls — and the persistent sound of armoured vehicles, helicopters and gunfire from military exercises in the area — only serves to retraumatize them.

In Lesznowola Detention Centre, detainees said that guards’ treatment left them feeling dehumanized. The staff called detainees by their case numbers instead of using their names and meted out excessive punishments, including isolation, for simple requests, such as asking for a towel or more food.

Nearly all those interviewed reported consistently disrespectful and verbally abusive behaviour, racist remarks and other practices that indicated psychological ill-treatment. 

Men who Amnesty International interviewed uniformly  complained about the manner in which body searches were  conducted. When people were  transferred from one detention centre to another, they were forced to undergo a strip search at each facility, even though they were in state custody at all times. In Wędrzyn, people recounted abusive searches. For example, all newly admitted foreigners are kept together in a room, required to remove all of their clothes and ordered to perform squats longer than necessary for a legitimate check.

Violent forcible returns

Amnesty International interviewed several people who were forcibly returned as well as some who avoided return and remain in detention in Poland. Many said the Polish border guards who conducted the returns coerced them into signing documents in Polish that they suspected included incriminating information in order to justify their returns. They also said that, in some cases, border guards used excessive force, such as tasers, restrained people with handcuffs, and even sedated those being returned. 

Authorities attempted to forcibly return Yezda, a 30-year old Kurdish woman , with her husband and three small children. After being told that the family would be returned to Iraq, Yezda panicked and screamed and pleaded with the guards not to take them. She threatened to take her life and became extremely agitated. “I knew I could not go back to Iraq and I was ready to die in Poland. While I was crying like that, two guards restrained me and my husband, tied our hands behind our backs, and a doctor gave us an injection that made us very weak and sleepy. My head was not clear, but I could hear my children, who were in the room with us, crying and screaming.”

“We were asked to go through the airport security and the guards told us to behave on the plane. But I refused to go. I remember noticing that I didn’t even have any shoes on, as in the chaos at the camp, they slipped of my feet. My head was not clear, and I couldn’t see my husband or the children, but I remember that they forced me on the plane that was full of people. I was still crying and pleading with the police not to take us.” Yezda said that she broke her foot as she fought the guards who tried to put her on the plane. Yezda and her family were returned to Warsaw after the airline refused to take them to Iraq. They remain in a camp in Poland for now.

Volunteers and activists have been barred from accessing the border of Poland and Belarus, and some have even faced prosecution for trying to help people cross the border. In March, activists who had helped people both on Poland’s borders with Ukraine and with Belarus were detained for providing life-saving assistance to refugees and migrants on the Belarussian border, and now face potentially serious charges.

Stranded at the border

On 20 March, the Belarusian authorities reportedly evicted close to 700 refugees and migrants, including many families with young children and people suffering from severe illnesses and disabilities, from the warehouse in the Belarusian village of Bruzgi which had accommodated several thousand people in 2021.

People who were evicted from the warehouse suddenly found themselves stranded in the forest, trying to survive in sub-zero temperatures without shelter, food, water or access to medical care. Many remain in the forest and experience daily abuse from the Belarusian border guards, who use dogs and violence to force people to cross the border into Poland.

“Hundreds of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and other parts of the world remain stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland. The Polish government must immediately stop pushbacks. They are illegal no matter how the government tries to justify them. The international community – including the EU – must demand that those trapped on Poland’s border with Belarus be afforded the same access to EU territory as any other group seeking refuge in Europe,” said Jelena Sesar.

END OF THE ARTICLE

REPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

The rapid relief effort at the border, exceptional generosity of civil society and willingness of Polish authorities to receive people fleeing from Ukraine contrast starkly with the Polish government’s hostility toward refugees and migrants who have arrived in the country via Belarus since July 2021. Hundreds of people who crossed from Belarus have been arbitrarily detained in Poland in appalling conditions and without access to a fair asylum proceeding. Many have been forcibly returned to their countries of origin, some under sedation. In addition, hundreds of people remain stranded inside Belarus and face increasingly desperate conditions.

END OF THIS PIECE

FULL REPORT

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/EUR3754602022ENGLISH.pdf

[6]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS, THE UKRAINIAN REFUGEES

AND THE REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS/

DO YOU TREAT THEM WITH EQUAL ATTENTION, RED CROSS?

ASTRID ESSED

[7]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS 

HUMANITARIAN CRISIS IN UKRAINE AND NEIGHBOURING

COUNTRIES

https://www.icrc.org/en/humanitarian-crisis-ukraine

IFRC SCALES UP CASH ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE IMPACTED

BY CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

23 MAY 2022

https://www.ifrc.org/article/ifrc-scales-cash-assistance-people-impacted-conflict-ukraine

Three months into the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has distributed financial assistance totalling more than 4.3 million Swiss francs to thousands of people on the move.

IFRC Head of Emergency Operations for the Ukraine response, Anne Katherine Moore, said:

“The longer the conflict continues, the greater the needs become. The cost of basic necessities, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, is rising. Increases in the cost of fuel and apartment rentals are also being reported. Millions of people have lost their jobs and their savings are dwindling. Through a new mobile app, we have been able to ramp up our support to help people facing these financial challenges.”

The new technology makes it possible for the IFRC and responding National Societies to reach people at scale and to deliver cash assistance digitally. Successfully introduced in Romania, the mobile app allows refugees to self-register for assistance online, negating the need and cost involved of having to travel to a central location.

The app will soon be expanded to Poland and Slovakia, where cash assistance is already being provided through more traditional methods such as in-person registration, as well as Ukraine and other neighbouring countries.

“This is the fastest we have ever delivered cash at this scale. It has the potential to be a game-changer for our work not just in this response, but also in future operations,” Moore continued.

Cash assistance is a dignified and efficient way to support people impacted by the conflict, allowing them to purchase items specific to their individual needs, while also supporting local economies. It is one part of our integrated and wide-ranging Red Cross and Red Crescent response to the conflict that also includes the provision of health care, first aid, psychosocial support and the distribution of basic household necessities.

Speaking about next steps, Moore said: “There is no short-term solution to the needs of the more than 14 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. We know that even if the conflict was to end tomorrow, rebuilding and recovery will take years. People have lost their homes, their livelihoods, and access to timely healthcare. The IFRC, in support of local National Red Cross Societies in the region, will be there helping people now, and in the months and years to come.”

During the past three months:
  • Together, we have reached more than 2.1 million people with life-saving aid within Ukraine and in surrounding countries. This is 1 in 10 people who had to flee their homes because of the conflict.
  • Along the travel routes within and outside Ukraine, we’ve set up 142 Humanitarian Service Points in 15 countries to provide those fleeing with a safe environment. There, they receive essential services like food, hygiene items, blankets, clothing water, first aid, psychosocial support, information, and financial assistance.
  • In total, we distributed 2.3 million kilograms of aid.
  • 71,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers are responding to the crisis.

[8]

MEDICS LEAVE POLAND=BELARUS BORDER WITHOUT

REACHING MIGRANTS

https://www.dw.com/en/medics-leave-poland-belarus-border-without-reaching-migrants/a-60353514

Doctors Without Borders removed its team on the Belarus-Poland border after Warsaw blocked access to migrants trying to enter the European Union. Camped in harsh conditions, several people have died on the EU’s doorstep.

Despite knowing people along the Belarus-Poland border were “in desperate need of medical and humanitarian assistance,” the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it withdrew its emergency response team from the region.

“Since October, MSF has repeatedly requested access to the restricted area and the border guard posts in Poland, but without success,” Frauke Ossig, the charity’s emergency coordinator for Poland and Lithuania, said on Thursday.

“We know that there are still people crossing the border and hiding in the forest, in need of support, but while we are committed to assisting people on the move wherever they may be, we have not been able to reach them in Poland,” Ossig added.

MSF said it was concerned that restricting access to major aid organizations could result in more deaths and such policies were “another example of the EU deliberately creating unsafe conditions for people to seek asylum at its borders.”

While many of the migrants received shelter in a logistics center, a number of people are reported to have died in the freezing, harsh conditions along the border.

Why can’t aid groups reach migrants and asylum-seekers?

On December 1, Poland’s Interior Ministry extended a state of emergency that prohibits all non-residents, including journalists and non-governmental aid groups, from the border area.

“People are being attacked and beaten at the hands of border guards, and yet state officials continue to allow the practice of pushing people between borders knowing that such maltreatment continues,” MSF said.

With thousands of people on the Belarusian side of the 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch, Poland built a barbed-wire fence that it intends to replace with a permanent barrier and sent thousands of soldiers to the border, leaving the migrants stuck in camps in no man’s land and unable to apply for asylum in the European Union.

Polish border guards accused of illegal ‘pushbacks’

Polish border guards have been accused of forcibly pushing migrants and asylum-seekers back into Belarus — a move that breaches international law. At least 21 people have lost their lives in the attempt in 2021, MSF reported.

In December, the Polish civil society group Salam Lab reported that five Syrian and one Palestinian who managed to find their way outside Poland’s exclusion zone said they had been pushed back to Belarus several times by Polish authorities.

EU nations Latvia and Lithuania, which also share borders with Belarus, have also reinforced their border security and declared a state of emergency. MSF said it had not received access to migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border.

The European Union has accused Belarus’ authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko of encouraging people fleeing conflict and poverty in the Middle East to attempt to enter the EU through Belarus.

Belarus denies this and has urged the EU to take in the migrants.

“The current situation is unacceptable and inhumane,” Ossig said. “People have the right to seek safety and asylum and should not be illegitimately pushed back to Belarus.”

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 5

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Astrid Essed insists: Red Cross, please give me information about your present [2022] involvement with the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus

Opgeslagen onder Divers

[Artikel Peter Storm]/Tegen de nieuwe coronagolf: aan de slag!

Coronavirus, Corona, Virus, Pandemie, Infectie

COVID 19…..
https://covid19.who.int/

TEGEN DE NIEUWE CORONAGOLF: AAN DE SLAG!

WEBSITE PETER STORM

Geplaatst op 6 juni 2022 door egel

maandag 6 juni 2022

Onderstaand artikel schreef ik voor Konfrontatie. Daar staat het dus al te lezen.

Nee, corona is niet voorbij. Het aantal besmettingen is weliswaar laag, maar de aanwijzingen dat dit aantal alweer toeneemt, zijn er. ‘De zomergolf lijkt serieus begonnen. En het is nog geen eens zomer”, concludeert zeer gewaardeerd twitteraar en cijfer-ordenaar Roel Griffioen uit een blik zulke cijfers.(1) Ja, de nieuwe coronagolf is een feit. Maar dat mogen we niet weten, want het testen is grotendeels afgebouwd, het monitoren van besmettingscijfers gebeurt nog maar mondjesmaat. O, wat is iedereen straks weer verrast als wat Maarten Steenhagen aanduidt als ‘een onzichtbare golf’(2) alsnog zichtbaar wordt in overvolle ziekenhuizen, uitpuilende ICs en stijgende sterftecijfers.

Alsof er nog niet genoeg mensen aan corona zijn overleden: 40.000 inmiddels, zo weten we inmiddels.(3)Veertigduizend mensen waarvan de overgrote meerderheid nog had geleefd als aan wat voorwaarden was voldaan:

– mondkapjes dragen op drukke plekken – winkels, kantoren, druk bemenste werkplekken en het OV,

– ventilatie op scholen andere gebouwen waar veel mensen samen zijn,

– het preventief schrappen van bijeenkomsten (van vergaderingen tot concerten) om virusverspreiding tegen te werken,

– thuiswerk waar mogelijk;

– werkzaamheden stilleggen waar coro0naveligheid via ventilatie en mondkapjes niet kan worden gegarandeerd.

Was dit alles een beetje serieus aangepakt, dan hoorde corona tot het verleden, was Long COVID een hoogst zeldzame aandoening,en leefden van die 40.000 aan COVID overleden mensen er nog 19.700. Het is niet serieus aangepakt, althans niet als bescherming van onze gezondheid het criterium was geweest. Maatregelen kwamen te laat en werden te snel weer opgeheven. Omdat de hele aanpak top-down was, en doordrenkt van informatie die varieerde van twijfelachtig tot vaak hoogst misleidend, wekte het beleid extra wantrouwen in de hand. Wie desinformatie zaait, zal corona-ontkenning oogsten. Wie mensen met boetes en dwang in het gareel denkt te houden, zal agressie en protest oogsten. Naar rechts protest veelal, maar dat maakt de daartegen ingezette waterkanonnen niet minder verwerpelijk.

Het is zinloos om beterschap te verwachten van kabinet en RIVM. In de eerste plaats omdat het kabinet, maar ook de andere politieke partijen die varianten van hetzelfde te bieden hebben, hun corona-geloofwaardigheid kwijt zijn geraakt de afgelopen twee en een half corona-jaren. In de tweede plaats omdat de politieke nalatigheid geen onkunde weerspiegelt, maar neoliberale prioriteiten. Serieus coronabeleid grijpt diep in de ondernemersvrijheid in, en gaat in tegen de logica van de ongebreidelde vrije markt. Dat wil dit kabinet niet, en dat wil de oppositie in grote lijnen – een enkele uitzondering daargelaten – al evenmin. Serieus coronabeleid dat mensen tegen besmetting, ziekte en sterfte blijkt te beschermen, roept ook al gauw de vraag op: waarom doen we zulke dingen ook niet in de gezondheidszorg in bredere zin, huisvesting en openbaar vervoer: breken met de markt, breken met de ondernemersvrijheid, menselijke noden voorrang geven boven winst? Het hoeft weinig verbazing te wekken dat Rutte, maar evengoed ook Klaver, deze kant niet op willen. Ware gelovigen zien niet graag dat hun god demonstratief faalt, en dat andersdenkenden het aantoonbaar bij het rechte eind hebben.

Dus laat het kabinet het coronavirus onbelemmerd rondgaan, tot het straks weer zo uit de hand is gelopen dat de ziekenhuizen het niet meer aan dreigen te kunnen. Dan wordt er vast wel weer ingegrepen. Niet om jou of mij te vrijwaren van besmettingen ziekte en dood, want dat kan Rutte en zijn collega-ministers feitelijk niets schelen. Wel om ‘de zorg te redden’ – waarbij ‘de zorg’ dan beschouwd wordt als een instituut dat voor het soepel draaien van de maatschappij- en daarmee van een winstgevende economie – onmisbaar wordt geacht. Zelfs het stilleggen van een stukje ondernemersvrijheid via gedeeltelijke semi-lockdowns – een echte lockdown heeft Nederland helemaal niet gehad, wie anders doet voorkomen stelt zich aan – wordt gemotiveerd als middel, niet om levens te redden maar om de maatschappij tegen ontwrichting te behoeden. En die maatschappij is hun maatschappij, een wereld van ondernemingen waar mensen slechts verschijnen als klanten en als werkkrachten in dienst van het kapitaal.

Het mag duidelijk zijn dat een beleid dat van bovenaf wordt opgelegd, een beleid waarin ondernemersbelang en een soepel draaiende economie voorrang krijgt boven gezondheid en mensenlevens, ons niet gaat beschermen. Nogmaals, dat is geen onmacht van het kabinet, en ook geen onwetendheid en incompetentie, al komen die bij beleidsmakers en uitvoerders wel voor. Het is onwil. Het is een kwestie van asociale en inhumane prioriteiten. Het is bewuste nalatigheid van Rutte en Kuipers, en ze weten wat de gevolgen zijn, ook in de toekomst. Kuipers houdt openlijk rekening met ‘misschien wel 10 miljoen besmettingen (…) van september tot april volgend jaar’.(4) Vervroeg ‘september’ maar tot ‘juni’. Want the fun has already begun, zoals we hierboven al zagen.

Hoeveel van die miljoenen besmettingen gaan uitmonden in mensen met langdurige gezondheidsklachten wegens Long COVID? Hoeveel van die miljoenen besmette mensen zullen wegens COVID overlijden? Gaat het zoveelste kabinet Rutte voor de 100.000 doden? Natuurlijk: mensen zijn beter beschermd tegen corona dan in 2020: die vaccins helpen! Het is een schande dat de boosterprik niet allang beschikbaar is gemaakt voor iedereen die wil, het is een schande dat er intussen ‘overtollige’ vaccins dreigen te worden weggegooid. Maar vaccinatie beschermt maar gedeeltelijk: beter tegen ernstige ziekte, veel minder tegen besmetting op zichzelf. En intussen muteert het virus, en raken ook gevaccineerde mensen besmet, net als mensen die eerder corona hebben gehad. Waar het heen kan gaan zien we inmiddels in Portugal, waar een nieuwe variant intussen voor een explosie van besmettingen en oplopende sterfte heeft gezorgd.(5)

Het kabinet gaat ons niet beschermen tegen de naderende nieuwe ramp. Veel verder dan het overwegen van nog een vaccinatieronde, geruststellende taal over het desnoods weer opschalen van test-capaciteit en ‘preventie om te voorkomen dat het virus zich snel verspreidt’,(6) gaan de goede voornemens van minister Kuipers niet. Waar zij daarboven ons niet beschermen, zal het er weer op aan komen dat we dat zelf ter hand nemen. Dat kunnen we, maar het is zaak dat we dat nu ook eens in georganiseerd verband gaan doen.

Ik herhaal het lijstje dat ik hier boven al gaf. Dit is er nodig:

– mondkapjes dragen op drukke plekken – winkels, kantoren, druk bemenste werkplekken en het OV;

– ventilatie op scholen andere gebouwen waar veel mensen samen zijn;

– het preventief schrappen van bijeenkomsten (van vergaderingen tot concerten) om virusverspreiding tegen te werken;

– thuiswerk waar mogelijk;

– werkzaamheden stilleggen waar coronaveiligheid via ventilatie en mondkapjes niet kan worden gegarandeerd.

Al dit soort dingen kunnen we zelf propageren, zelf organiseren en via staking en boycotactie afdwingen ook. Wie houdt ons gezond? Wij samen houden ons gezond. Zij daarboven vertikken het immers, al twee en een half akelige jaren lang. Aan de slag!

Noten:

1 Roel Griffioen op Twitter, 2 juni 2022, https://twitter.com/roelgrif/status/1532357241332019200

2 Maarten Steenhagen, ‘Een onzichtbare golf’, Medium, 3 juni 2022, https://msteenhagen.medium.com/een-onzichtbare-golf-7c4840d21a67

3 ‘Zeker 40.000 Nederlanders overleden door corona, meer dan RIVM doorkreeg’, Nu.nl, 3 juni 2022, https://www.nu.nl/coronavirus/6204450/zeker-40000-nederlanders-overleden-door-corona-meer-dan-rivm-doorkreeg.html

4 ‘Minister houdt rekening met 10 miljoen coronabesmettingen vanaf najaar’, RTL Nieuws, 3 juni 2022, https://www.rtlnieuws.nl/nieuws/nederland/artikel/5312930/minister-ernst-kuipers-corona-covid19-volksgezondheid-vaccinatie

5 ‘Ineens weer opvallende stijging coronabesmettinen Portugal’, RTL Nieuws, 3 juni 2022, https://www.rtlnieuws.nl/nieuws/buitenland/artikel/5313074/opvallende-stijging-coronabesmettingen-portugal

6 ‘Minister houdt rekening met 10 miljoen coronabesmettingen vanaf najaar’, RTL Nieuws, 3 juni 2022, https://www.rtlnieuws.nl/nieuws/nederland/artikel/5312930/minister-ernst-kuipers-corona-covid19-volksgezondheid-vaccinatie

Peter Storm

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor [Artikel Peter Storm]/Tegen de nieuwe coronagolf: aan de slag!

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Geen EBS bussen in regio Zaanstreek-Waterland!/EBS steunt apartheids en nederzettingenbeleid Israel

Image result for settlements/Images

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSE

GEBIEDEN

ILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT

http://www.btselem.org/settlem ents/international_law

GEEN EBS BUSSEN IN REGIO ZAANSTREEK-WATERLAND!/EBS STEUNT

APARTHEIDS EN NEDERZETTINGENBELEID ISRAEL

BRIEF!

AAN

VERVOERCOORDINATOR VERVOERREGIO AMSTERDAM

Tav

Mevrouw A. Smit

Onderwerp:

Mogelijke verzorging van het OV in de regio Zaanstreek-Waterland door EBS

Geachte mevrouw Smit,

Uit betrouwbare bron heb ik vernomen, dat uw organisatie eventueel

voornemens is, de verzorging van het OV vervoer

in de regio Zaanstreek-Waterland te gunnen aan busbedrijf EBS 

[Egged Bus Systems] [1]

Hierbij een dringend beroep op u NIET met dit door en door foute

bedrijf in zee te gaan!

WAAROM FOUT BEDRIJF?

Dit bedrijf, EBS, is dochter van het Israelische Bedrijf Egged Group,

dat betrokken is bij de illegale Israelische nederzettingen! [2],

waardoor dit bedrijf op de VN Zwarte Lijst is komen te staan.

Gelooft u mij niet?

Zie dan noot 3!

ISRAEL

BEZETTING EN NEDERZETTINGEN

Ik ga ervan uit, u niet meer te hoeven in te lichten over de foute, illegale

Israelische bezetting van de Palestijnse gebieden de Westelijke Jordaanoever,

Oost-Jeruzalem en Gaza [4] en de daaraan gekoppelde onderdrukking en 

gepleegde oorlogsmisdaden, met name tijdens de invallen in Gaza [5].

Maar er is, zoals u behoort te weten [want daar gaat deze Brief over] meer.

Want niet alleen oefent Israel een bezettingsterreur uit en wordt

door de mensenrechtenorganisaties Amnesty International en Human

Rights Watch terecht beschouwd als een Apartheidsstaat [6], Israel houdt

zich ook onledig met een ander Groot Kwaad:

De in bezet gebied gebouwde en zich immer uitbreidende nederzettingen,

wat neerkomt op platte landroof en die illegaal zijn volgens het

Internationaal Recht! [7]

Dat weet u of althans:

Dat hoort u te weten.

Dan heb ik het nog niet eens gehad over de dagelijkse terreur,

die door de kolonisten [bewoners van die nederzettingen] wordt uitgeoefend

tegen de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, een terreur, die zijn steun vindt

in de Israelische Bezettingsstaat! [8]

Moet ik meer toevoegen?

Ik denk het niet

EPILOOG

Ik heb u de feiten gegeven

Zowel over de misdaden van Bezettingsstaat Israel als 

het feit, dat dit specifieke Bedrijf werkzaam is in

de illegale nederzettingen, ontstaan door geweld tegen en

landroof op de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, een Bedrijf dat,

zoals ik in bovenstaande genoemd heb, bovendien op

de VN Zwarte Lijst staat. [9]

Feitelijk is het al een schande voor u, dat ik [en vele anderen, naar ik hoop]

u deze informatie moesten aandragen

Uit uzelf had u al op de hoogte moeten zijn en niet eens de samenwerking

met een dergelijk Gangsterbedrijf moeten overwegen!

Maar nu kent u de feiten en kunt u er NIET meer omheen!

Een dringende oproep dus om de verzorging van het OV vervoer Zaanstreek=Waterland NIET in handen van dit Bedrijf te leggen

Doet u dat wel, dat werkt u mee aan de instandhouding van een

misdadig nederzettingensysteem, aan bezetting en onderdrukking.

EN aan de Misdaad van Apartheid [10]

Dan heeft uw organisatie Bloed aan de Handen en zult u daarop worden

afgerekend.

Doe het dus niet!!

 Vriendelijke groeten

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

NOTEN

VOOR UW GEMAK DE NOTEN ONDERGEBRACHT IN EEN LINK

NOTEN 1 T/M 10

ZIE HIERONDER DE FYSIEKE NOTEN

FYSIEKE NOTEN 1 T/M 10

[1]

Kom in actie!

Binnenkort wordt besloten welk bedrijf het busvervoer in de regio Zaanstreek Waterland mag gaan verzorgen. EBS is één van de bedrijven die meedingen naar deze concessie.

Wat kun je als consument doen om te voorkomen dat jij als OV-reiziger straks moet meebetalen aan mensenrechtenschendingen?

Schrijf een email naar de leden Provinciale Staten van de provincies …. naar de portefeuillehouders OV Gedeputeerde Staten en naar het bedrijf dat belast is met het beoordelen van de inschrijvingen voor de concessie in Zaanstreek Waterland. Laat hen weten dat EBS moet worden uitgesloten van deze concessie en van alle toekomstige concessies, tot het bedrijf zijn leven aantoonbaar heeft gebeterd.”

BDS NEDERLAND

EBS BUSSEN: ONBEWUST MEELIFTEN MET APARTHEID

de reiziger

Er zijn kortom genoeg redenen om EBS uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen in het Nederlandse busvervoer. Bovendien, door concessies aan EBS te gunnen worden reizigers die op het openbaar vervoer zijn aangewezen gedwongen aan boord te gaan bij een bedrijf dat betrokken is bij illegale activiteiten, mensenrechtenschendingen en mogelijke oorlogsmisdaden in bezet Palestina. Reizigers beseffen veelal niet dat hun euro’s indirect ten goede kunnen komen aan mensenrechtenschendingen. Dat zou ook niet hoeven: het publiek moet erop kunnen vertrouwen dat het mensenrechtenbeleid bij de overheid in veilige handen is.

Kom in actie!

Binnenkort wordt besloten welk bedrijf het busvervoer in de regio Zaanstreek Waterland mag gaan verzorgen. EBS is één van de bedrijven die meedingen naar deze concessie.

Wat kun je als consument doen om te voorkomen dat jij als OV-reiziger straks moet meebetalen aan mensenrechtenschendingen?

Schrijf een email naar de leden Provinciale Staten van de provincies …. naar de portefeuillehouders OV Gedeputeerde Staten en naar het bedrijf dat belast is met het beoordelen van de inschrijvingen voor de concessie in Zaanstreek Waterland. Laat hen weten dat EBS moet worden uitgesloten van deze concessie en van alle toekomstige concessies, tot het bedrijf zijn leven aantoonbaar heeft gebeterd.

[2]

”Until 2017, the parent company operated bus lines to Israeli settlements in the occupied West bank and Jerusalem. The bus lines were armored vehicles, that according to the company allowed them to pass through “Arab populated areas”. Since then, the operation of bus lines to settlements was transferred to the company’s subsidiary Egged Taavura. Egged Taavura operates bus lines to settlements in the West Bank, in the areas of Gush Etzion, Giva’at Ze’ev, Binyamin, Mount Hebron and Kiryat Arba, including settlements in the Jordan Valley, and the settlements of Shiloh, Otniel and Ma’ale Adumim.”

WHOPROFITS.ORG

EGGED ISRAEL TRANSPORT COOPERATIVE SOCIETY

A public transportation operator.

Until 2017, the parent company operated bus lines to Israeli settlements in the occupied West bank and Jerusalem. The bus lines were armored vehicles, that according to the company allowed them to pass through “Arab populated areas”. Since then, the operation of bus lines to settlements was transferred to the company’s subsidiary Egged Taavura. Egged Taavura operates bus lines to settlements in the West Bank, in the areas of Gush Etzion, Giva’at Ze’ev, Binyamin, Mount Hebron and Kiryat Arba, including settlements in the Jordan Valley, and the settlements of Shiloh, Otniel and Ma’ale Adumim.

The company’s subsidiary, Egged Heseim, Tours and Recreation, provides tours and travel packages to the Old City of Jerusalem and the City of David settler complex, located in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan in occupied East Jerusalem. The company also organizes tours to Bethlehem, Jericho and the occupied Syrian Golan,

In 2018, the company’s branch in Ashdod organized a donation campaign for the Israeli army in the area surrounding the besieged Gaza.

In November 2014, 27 Palestinian bus drivers at Egged quit their jobs and dozens more went on strike for fear of being attacked by Israeli settlers as tensions increased in Jerusalem during that period. This act came after driver Yusuf Hassan al-Ramouni was found hanged in an Egged bus in Jerusalem.

Presently, the company uses vehicles manufactured by Mercedes and Volvo.

The company is currently running for the tender to operate the new light rail line in Jerusalem, which will connect more settlements. The company was initially disqualified for fear of creating a monopoly (as it also operates buses in Jerusalem), but in March 2019 the general director of the Israeli antitrust authority ruled that it can, provided it commits to dropping some of its bus lines if selected.

[3]

” The above companies are joined by the 12 companies already published on Channel 2 News including Bank Hapoalim, Bank Leumi, Bezeq and Bezeq International, Coca Cola, Africa Israel, Teva, IDB, Egged, Mekorot, Netafim and Elbit Systems.”

YETNEWS.COM

130 ISRAELI COMPANIES, 60 INT’L CORPORATIONS, ON UN

”BLACKLIST”

https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5034082,00.html

TEXT

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights al-Hussein warns Israeli firms of their inclusion in ‘blacklist’ of companies operating in West Bank, east J’lem, Jordan Valley; list includes prominent companies such as Bezeq, Hot, Ahava, Cellcom, Bank Hapoalim and others; Bezeq CEO scorns ‘entirely anti-Israeli propaganda.’

In the past few weeks, 130 Israeli companies and 60 international corporations operating in Israel received warning letters from United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid bin Ra’ad al-Hussein cautioning them of their impending inclusion in a “blacklist” of companies active beyond the Green Line in “violation of international law and UN resolutions.”

 Ynet has gained access to part of the list, which is set to be published in late December and cites 25 well-known Israeli companies. The companies operate in different sectors—some in food manufacturing, others in services, pharmaceuticals and even high-tech—but have one thing in common: they all operate in settlements, east Jerusalem and the Jordan Valley.

Among the companies in the commissioner’s sights are Ahava, Dor Alon,

Amisragas, Angel Bakeries, Arison Investments, Ashdar, Clal Industries, Café Café, Cellcom, Danya Cebus, Electra, HP, Hot, the Israel Aerospace Industries, Matrix Systems, Motorola, Nesher, Partner, Paz, Rami Levy, Remax, Housing & Construction (Shikun Binui), Shufersal, Sonol and Trima.

The above companies are joined by the 12 companies already published on Channel 2 News including Bank Hapoalim, Bank Leumi, Bezeq and Bezeq International, Coca Cola, Africa Israel, Teva, IDB, Egged, Mekorot, Netafim and Elbit Systems.

The “Washington Post” published American companies will also be appearing on the list, including Caterpillar, Tripadvisor and Airbnb.

Some of the companies to be included on the list are still considering their response, but others are already fighting back with the claim their inclusion on the list may cause them financial harm and tarnish their brand, and are therefore looking into filing suits against the Commissioner and the UN’s Human Rights Council that called for the list’s preparation in the first place.

The companies claim the list’s creation was politically motivated and point to the fact that the commissioner constructed no such lists pertaining to other regions of conflict—such as the Crimean Peninsula and Western Sahara—as proof.

Both Israel and the US have been working behind the scenes in the past few weeks to prevent the list’s publication, but it appears it may be presented with a fait accompli. Despite the fact the list carries no operational or legal ramifications, the symbolic move nevertheless caused concern among the Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials due to the fact it may provide a serious boost to BDS efforts, deter foreign investors and convince foreign companies operating in Israel to reduce their operations.

“It may cause large investment firms or pension funds carrying stocks of various Israeli companies to divest in them because they, in turn, operate in the settlements. It may lead to a snowball effect that will greatly harm the Israeli economy eventually,” said a senior Israeli official.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimates the Human Rights Commissioner received most of his information about the Israeli firms from Israeli non-profits operating in the settlements and investigating business activities beyond the Green Line.

AIPAC goes to war

In an effort to scuttle the move, the pro-Israel American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) lobby has been working in the US on promoting rapid legislation in Congress determining any company divesting its business dealings from Israel will be considered to have “capitulated” to the Arab boycott, and would thus be in violation of American law.

The Human Rights Council’s efforts to isolate Israel—executed through the office of the commissioner—have largely been facilitated by what Israel frequently slams as the UN body’s years-long anti-Israeli majority which has a long record of a bias slant.

Bezeq CEO Stella Handler published a Facebook post 12 days ago in which she made public the overture she received from the UN’s Human Rights Commissioner. After the Ministry of Foreign Affairs contacted her, Handler took the post down.

“Here’s something the UN’s Human Rights Council doesn’t want you know: we’ve received a message from Special Assistant to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Mohammad Ali Alnsour. Alnsour communicated to us that Bezeq was to be included on a list of Israeli companies operating in the West Bank. He asked us to keep that information confidential and to not publically comment on it,” Handler’s Facebook post said.


“Before we get started, here’s some background about the UN’s Human Rights Council. Since it was founded in 2006, it published 68 decisions denouncingIsrael, making up 50 percent of the total resolutions pertaining to specific countries the council has made. Not North Korea, not Syria, not Sudan and not Yemen were afforded such attention,” the post continued.

“We will not be cooperating with a move that’s entirely anti-Israeli propaganda. Despite the council’s attempts to harm Israel by harming Bezeq, we give you our solemn commitment to keep focused on what we do best: providing all of Israel’s citizens with quality service, to provide our employees with a fair workplace and to manufacture profits for our shareholders. That is our role as Israel’s communications infrastructures company,” Handler concluded. 

EINDE ARTIKEL

BDS NEDERLAND

PROFITEURS VAN DE BEZETTING: DE VOLLEDIGE VN LIJST

In vervolg op ons bericht gisteren over de publicatie door de Verenigde Naties van de lijst met bedrijven die geld verdienen aan de bezetting van Palestijnse gebieden door Israël, hieronder de volledige lijst van 112 bedrijven, overgenomen van middleeasteye. Bij deze lijst moet worden opgemerkt dat hij zeker nog niet compleet is. Een simpel voorbeeld is Albert Hein/de HEMA. Zo zijn er, alleen al in Nederland, meer voorbeelden te noemen. Er is dus nog werk aan de winkel voor de landelijke organisaties, met het oog op de actualisatie van de lijst die volgens de betreffende VN-resolutie elk jaar moet plaatsvinden.

BedrijfLand
1Afikim Public Transportation Ltd.Israel
2Airbnb Inc.United States
3American Israeli Gas Corporation Ltd.Israel
4Amir Marketing and Investments in Agriculture Ltd.Israel
5Amos Hadar Properties and Investments Ltd.Israel
6Angel BakeriesIsrael
7Archivists Ltd.Israel
8Ariel Properties GroupIsrael
9Ashtrom Industries Ltd.Israel
10Ashtrom Properties Ltd.Israel
11Avgol Industries 1953 Ltd.Israel
12Bank Hapoalim B.M.Israel
13Bank Leumi Le-Israel B.M.Israel
14Bank of Jerusalem Ltd.Israel
15Beit Haarchiv Ltd.Israel
16Bezeq, Israel Telecommunication CorpIsrael
17Booking.com B.V.Netherlands
18C Mer Industries Ltd.Israel
19Café Café Israel Ltd.Israel
20Caliber 3Israel
21Cellcom Israel Ltd.Israel
22Cherriessa Ltd.Israel
23Chish Nofei Israel Ltd.Israel
24Citadis Israel Ltd.Israel
25Comasco Ltd.Israel
26Darban Investments Ltd.Israel
27Delek Group Ltd.Israel
28Delta IsraelIsrael
29Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 Ltd.Israel
30Egis RailFrance
31Egged, Israel Transportation Cooperative Society Ltd.Israel
32Energix Renewable Energies Ltd.Israel
33EPR Systems Ltd.Israel
34Extal Ltd.Israel
35Expedia Group Inc.United States
36Field Produce Ltd.Israel
37Field Produce Marketing Ltd.Israel
38First International Bank of Israel Ltd.Israel
39Galshan Shvakim Ltd.Israel
40General Mills Israel Ltd.Israel
41Hadiklaim Israel Date Growers Cooperative Ltd.Israel
42Hot Mobile Ltd.Israel
43Hot Telecommunications Systems Ltd.Israel
44Industrial Buildings Corporation Ltd.Israel
45Israel Discount Bank Ltd.Israel
46Israel Railways Corporation Ltd.Israel
47Italek Ltd.Israel
48JC Bamford Excavators Ltd.United Kingdom
49Jerusalem Economy Ltd.Israel
50Kavim Public Transportation Ltd.Israel
51Lipski Installation and Sanitation Ltd.Israel
52Matrix IT Ltd.Israel
53Mayer Davidov Garages Ltd.Israel
54Mekorot Water Company Ltd.Israel
55Mercantile Discount Bank Ltd.Israel
56Merkavim Transportation Technologies Ltd.Israel
57Mizrahi Tefahot Bank Ltd.Israel
58Modi’in Ezrachi Group Ltd.Israel
59Mordechai Aviv Taasiot Beniyah 1973 Ltd.Israel
60Motorola Solutions Israel Ltd.Israel
61Municipal Bank Ltd.Israel
62Naaman Group Ltd.Israel
63Nof Yam Security Ltd.Israel
64Ofertex Industries 1997 Ltd.Israel
65Opodo Ltd.United Kingdom
66Bank Otsar Ha-Hayal Ltd.Israel
67Partner Communications Company Ltd.Israel
68Paz Oil Company Ltd.Israel
69Pelegas Ltd.Israel
70Pelephone Communications Ltd.Israel
71Proffimat S.R. Ltd.Israel
72Rami Levy Chain Stores Hashikma Marketing 2006 Ltd.Israel
73Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing Communication Ltd.Israel
74Re/Max IsraelIsrael
75Shalgal Food Ltd.Israel
76Shapir Engineering and Industry Ltd.Israel
77Shufersal Ltd.Israel
78Sonol Israel Ltd.Israel
79Superbus Ltd.Israel
80Supergum Industries 1969 Ltd.Israel
81Tahal Group International B.V.Netherlands
82TripAdvisor Inc.United States
83Twitoplast Ltd.Israel
84Unikowsky Maoz Ltd.Israel
85YESIsrael
86Zakai Agricultural Know-how and inputs Ltd.Israel
87ZF Development and ConstructionIsrael
88ZMH Hammermand Ltd.Israel
89Zorganika Ltd.Israel
90Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd.Israel
91Alon Blue Square Israel Ltd.Israel
92Alstom S.A.France
93Altice Europe N.V.Netherlands
94Amnon Mesilot Ltd.Israel
95Ashtrom Group Ltd.Israel
96Booking Holdings Inc.United States
97Brand Industries Ltd.Israel
98Delta Galil Industries Ltd.Israel
99eDreams ODIGEO S.A.Luxembourg
100Egis S.A.France
101Electra Ltd.Israel
102Export Investment Company Ltd.Israel
103General Mills Inc.United States
104Hadar GroupIsrael
105Hamat Group Ltd.Israel
106Indorama Ventures P.C.L.Thailand
107Kardan N.V.Netherlands
108Mayer’s Cars and Trucks Co. Ltd.Israel
109Motorola Solutions Inc.United States
110Natoon GroupIsrael
111Villar International Ltd.Israel
112Greenkote P.L.C.

De redactie

Foto: HEMA, volgend jaar op de lijst? (Facebook / Canadian Jewish News) 

Related

Brief van de FNV aan VN-Secretaris Generaal Antonio Guterres

[4]

GAZA IS NOG STEEDS BEZET GEBIED!LEES:
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL: ”DISENGAGEMENT” WILL NOT END GAZA OCCUPATION

Israeli Government Still Holds Responsibility for Welfare of Civilians
28 OCTOBER 2004

https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

The Israeli government’s plan to remove troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip would not end Israel’s occupation of the territory. As an occupying power, Israel will retain responsibility for the welfare of Gaza’s civilian population.

Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

Under the plan, Israel is scheduled to remove settlers and military bases protecting the settlers from the Gaza Strip and four isolated West Bank Jewish settlements by the end of 2005. The Israeli military will remain deployed on Gaza’s southern border, and will reposition its forces to other areas just outside the territory.

In addition to controlling the borders, coastline and airspace, Israel will continue to control Gaza’s telecommunications, water, electricity and sewage networks, as well as the flow of people and goods into and out of the territory. Gaza will also continue to use Israeli currency.

A World Bank study on the economic effects of the plan determined that “disengagement” would ease restrictions on mobility inside Gaza. But the study also warned that the removal of troops and settlers would have little positive effect unless accompanied by an opening of Gaza’s borders. If the borders are sealed to labor and trade, the plan “would create worse hardship than is seen today.”

The plan also explicitly envisions continued home demolitions by the Israeli military to expand the “buffer zone” along the Gaza-Egypt border. According to a report released last week by Human Rights Watch, the Israeli military has illegally razed nearly 1,600 homes since 2000 to create this buffer zone, displacing some 16,000 Palestinians. Israeli officials have called for the buffer zone to be doubled, which would result in the destruction of one-third of the Rafah refugee camp.

In addition, the plan states that disengagement “will serve to dispel the claims regarding Israel’s responsibility for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.” A report by legal experts from the Israeli Justice Ministry, Foreign Ministry and the military made public on Sunday, however, reportedly acknowledges that disengagement “does not necessarily exempt Israel from responsibility in the evacuated territories.”

If Israel removes its troops from Gaza, the Palestinian National Authority will maintain responsibility for security within the territory—to the extent that Israel allows Palestinian police the authority and capacity. Palestinian security forces will still have a duty to protect civilians within Gaza and to prevent indiscriminate attacks on Israeli civilians.

“Under international law, the test for determining whether an occupation exists is effective control by a hostile army, not the positioning of troops,” Whitson said. “Whether the Israeli army is inside Gaza or redeployed around its periphery and restricting entrance and exit, it remains in control.”

Under international law, the duties of an occupying power are detailed in the Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations. According to The Hague Regulations, a “territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army. The occupation extends only to the territory where such authority has been established and can be exercised.”

The “disengagement plan,” as adopted by the Israeli Cabinet on June 6, 2004, and endorsed by the Knesset on October 26, is available at:
http://www.pmo.gov.il/nr/exeres/C5E1ACE3-9834-414E-9512-8E5F509E9A4D.htm.

EINDE VERKLARING HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

[5]

”1391, or 63%, of the 2,202 Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in Operation “Protective Edge” did not take part in the hostilities. Of these, 526 – a quarter of all Palestinians killed in the operation – were children under eighteen years of age. These are some of the figures published today by Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem to mark two years since the operation, which took place in July-August 2014.

BTSELEM.ORG

50 DAYS: MORE THAN 500 CHILDREN: FACTS AND FIGURES ON FATALITIES IN GAZA, 

SUMMER 2014

https://www.btselem.org/press_releases/20160720_fatalities_in_gaza_conflict_2014

”We explicitly and loudly condemned the direct shelling of the Al Aqsa hospital on July 21st that killed at least four people”

INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

NO WONDER GAZANS ARE ANGRY.THE RED CROSS CAN’T PROTECT THEM

25 JULI 2014

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/article/editorial/07-24-gaza-israel-palestine-maio.htm

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

[6]

RAPPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL:

ISRAEL’S APARTHEID AGAINST PALESTINIANS”A CRUEL 

SYSTEM OF DOMINATION AND A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

RAPPORT HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAELI APARTHEID: ”A THRESHOLD CROSSED”

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution

[7]

OVER DE ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN,VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT
HET INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS:

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

EINDE VERKLARING INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

[8]

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLER VIOLENCE = STATE VIOLENCE

https://www.btselem.org/settler_violence_updates_overview

[9]

ZIE NOOT 3

[10]

ZIE NOOT 6

MAIL ASTRID ESSED AAN VERVOERREGIO AMSTERDAM

Van: Astrid Essed <astridessed@yahoo.com>
Verzonden: maandag 6 juni 2022 02:50
Aan: aanbestedingzawa2024@vervoerregio.nla.smit@vervoerregio.nlinfo@vervoerregio.nl
Onderwerp: Geen verzorging van het OV in de regio Zaanstreek-Waterland door EBS!

AAN

VERVOERCOORDINATOR VERVOERREGIO AMSTERDAM

Tav

Mevrouw A. Smit

Onderwerp:

Mogelijke verzorging van het OV in de regio Zaanstreek-Waterland door EBS

Geachte mevrouw Smit,

Uit betrouwbare bron heb ik vernomen, dat uw organisatie eventueel

voornemens is, de verzorging van het OV vervoer

in de regio Zaanstreek-Waterland te gunnen aan busbedrijf EBS 

[Egged Bus Systems] [1]

Hierbij een dringend beroep op u NIET met dit door en door foute

bedrijf in zee te gaan!

WAAROM FOUT BEDRIJF?

Dit bedrijf, EBS, is dochter van het Israelische Bedrijf Egged Group,

dat betrokken is bij de illegale Israelische nederzettingen! [2],

waardoor dit bedrijf op de VN Zwarte Lijst is komen te staan.

Gelooft u mij niet?

Zie dan noot 3!

ISRAEL

BEZETTING EN NEDERZETTINGEN

Ik ga ervan uit, u niet meer te hoeven in te lichten over de foute, illegale

Israelische bezetting van de Palestijnse gebieden de Westelijke Jordaanoever,

Oost-Jeruzalem en Gaza [4] en de daaraan gekoppelde onderdrukking en 

gepleegde oorlogsmisdaden, met name tijdens de invallen in Gaza [5].

Maar er is, zoals u behoort te weten [want daar gaat deze Brief over] meer.

Want niet alleen oefent Israel een bezettingsterreur uit en wordt

door de mensenrechtenorganisaties Amnesty International en Human

Rights Watch terecht beschouwd als een Apartheidsstaat [6], Israel houdt

zich ook onledig met een ander Groot Kwaad:

De in bezet gebied gebouwde en zich immer uitbreidende nederzettingen,

wat neerkomt op platte landroof en die illegaal zijn volgens het

Internationaal Recht! [7]

Dat weet u of althans:

Dat hoort u te weten.

Dan heb ik het nog niet eens gehad over de dagelijkse terreur,

die door de kolonisten [bewoners van die nederzettingen] wordt uitgeoefend

tegen de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, een terreur, die zijn steun vindt

in de Israelische Bezettingsstaat! [8]

Moet ik meer toevoegen?

Ik denk het niet

EPILOOG

Ik heb u de feiten gegeven

Zowel over de misdaden van Bezettingsstaat Israel als 

het feit, dat dit specifieke Bedrijf werkzaam is in

de illegale nederzettingen, ontstaan door geweld tegen en

landroof op de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, een Bedrijf dat,

zoals ik in bovenstaande genoemd heb, bovendien op

de VN Zwarte Lijst staat. [9]

Feitelijk is het al een schande voor u, dat ik [en vele anderen, naar ik hoop]

u deze informatie moesten aandragen

Uit uzelf had u al op de hoogte moeten zijn en niet eens de samenwerking

met een dergelijk Gangsterbedrijf moeten overwegen!

Maar nu kent u de feiten en kunt u er NIET meer omheen!

Een dringende oproep dus om de verzorging van het OV vervoer Zaanstreek=Waterland NIET in handen van dit Bedrijf te leggen

Doet u dat wel, dat werkt u mee aan de instandhouding van een

misdadig nederzettingensysteem, aan bezetting en onderdrukking.

EN aan de Misdaad van Apartheid [10]

Dan heeft uw organisatie Bloed aan de Handen en zult u daarop worden

afgerekend.

Doe het dus niet!!

 Vriendelijke groeten

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

NOTEN

VOOR UW GEMAK DE NOTEN ONDERGEBRACHT IN EEN LINK

NOTEN 1 T/M 10

ZIE HIERONDER DE FYSIEKE NOTEN

FYSIEKE NOTEN 1 T/M 10

[1]

Kom in actie!

Binnenkort wordt besloten welk bedrijf het busvervoer in de regio Zaanstreek Waterland mag gaan verzorgen. EBS is één van de bedrijven die meedingen naar deze concessie.

Wat kun je als consument doen om te voorkomen dat jij als OV-reiziger straks moet meebetalen aan mensenrechtenschendingen?

Schrijf een email naar de leden Provinciale Staten van de provincies …. naar de portefeuillehouders OV Gedeputeerde Staten en naar het bedrijf dat belast is met het beoordelen van de inschrijvingen voor de concessie in Zaanstreek Waterland. Laat hen weten dat EBS moet worden uitgesloten van deze concessie en van alle toekomstige concessies, tot het bedrijf zijn leven aantoonbaar heeft gebeterd.”

BDS NEDERLAND

EBS BUSSEN: ONBEWUST MEELIFTEN MET APARTHEID

de reiziger

Er zijn kortom genoeg redenen om EBS uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen in het Nederlandse busvervoer. Bovendien, door concessies aan EBS te gunnen worden reizigers die op het openbaar vervoer zijn aangewezen gedwongen aan boord te gaan bij een bedrijf dat betrokken is bij illegale activiteiten, mensenrechtenschendingen en mogelijke oorlogsmisdaden in bezet Palestina. Reizigers beseffen veelal niet dat hun euro’s indirect ten goede kunnen komen aan mensenrechtenschendingen. Dat zou ook niet hoeven: het publiek moet erop kunnen vertrouwen dat het mensenrechtenbeleid bij de overheid in veilige handen is.

Kom in actie!

Binnenkort wordt besloten welk bedrijf het busvervoer in de regio Zaanstreek Waterland mag gaan verzorgen. EBS is één van de bedrijven die meedingen naar deze concessie.

Wat kun je als consument doen om te voorkomen dat jij als OV-reiziger straks moet meebetalen aan mensenrechtenschendingen?

Schrijf een email naar de leden Provinciale Staten van de provincies …. naar de portefeuillehouders OV Gedeputeerde Staten en naar het bedrijf dat belast is met het beoordelen van de inschrijvingen voor de concessie in Zaanstreek Waterland. Laat hen weten dat EBS moet worden uitgesloten van deze concessie en van alle toekomstige concessies, tot het bedrijf zijn leven aantoonbaar heeft gebeterd.

[2]

”Until 2017, the parent company operated bus lines to Israeli settlements in the occupied West bank and Jerusalem. The bus lines were armored vehicles, that according to the company allowed them to pass through “Arab populated areas”. Since then, the operation of bus lines to settlements was transferred to the company’s subsidiary Egged Taavura. Egged Taavura operates bus lines to settlements in the West Bank, in the areas of Gush Etzion, Giva’at Ze’ev, Binyamin, Mount Hebron and Kiryat Arba, including settlements in the Jordan Valley, and the settlements of Shiloh, Otniel and Ma’ale Adumim.”

WHOPROFITS.ORG

EGGED ISRAEL TRANSPORT COOPERATIVE SOCIETY

A public transportation operator.

Until 2017, the parent company operated bus lines to Israeli settlements in the occupied West bank and Jerusalem. The bus lines were armored vehicles, that according to the company allowed them to pass through “Arab populated areas”. Since then, the operation of bus lines to settlements was transferred to the company’s subsidiary Egged Taavura. Egged Taavura operates bus lines to settlements in the West Bank, in the areas of Gush Etzion, Giva’at Ze’ev, Binyamin, Mount Hebron and Kiryat Arba, including settlements in the Jordan Valley, and the settlements of Shiloh, Otniel and Ma’ale Adumim.

The company’s subsidiary, Egged Heseim, Tours and Recreation, provides tours and travel packages to the Old City of Jerusalem and the City of David settler complex, located in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan in occupied East Jerusalem. The company also organizes tours to Bethlehem, Jericho and the occupied Syrian Golan,

In 2018, the company’s branch in Ashdod organized a donation campaign for the Israeli army in the area surrounding the besieged Gaza.

In November 2014, 27 Palestinian bus drivers at Egged quit their jobs and dozens more went on strike for fear of being attacked by Israeli settlers as tensions increased in Jerusalem during that period. This act came after driver Yusuf Hassan al-Ramouni was found hanged in an Egged bus in Jerusalem.

Presently, the company uses vehicles manufactured by Mercedes and Volvo.

The company is currently running for the tender to operate the new light rail line in Jerusalem, which will connect more settlements. The company was initially disqualified for fear of creating a monopoly (as it also operates buses in Jerusalem), but in March 2019 the general director of the Israeli antitrust authority ruled that it can, provided it commits to dropping some of its bus lines if selected.

[3]

” The above companies are joined by the 12 companies already published on Channel 2 News including Bank Hapoalim, Bank Leumi, Bezeq and Bezeq International, Coca Cola, Africa Israel, Teva, IDB, Egged, Mekorot, Netafim and Elbit Systems.”

YETNEWS.COM

130 ISRAELI COMPANIES, 60 INT’L CORPORATIONS, ON UN

”BLACKLIST”

https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5034082,00.html

TEXT

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights al-Hussein warns Israeli firms of their inclusion in ‘blacklist’ of companies operating in West Bank, east J’lem, Jordan Valley; list includes prominent companies such as Bezeq, Hot, Ahava, Cellcom, Bank Hapoalim and others; Bezeq CEO scorns ‘entirely anti-Israeli propaganda.’

In the past few weeks, 130 Israeli companies and 60 international corporations operating in Israel received warning letters from United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid bin Ra’ad al-Hussein cautioning them of their impending inclusion in a “blacklist” of companies active beyond the Green Line in “violation of international law and UN resolutions.”

§  Follow Ynetnews on Facebook and Twitter

 Ynet has gained access to part of the list, which is set to be published in late December and cites 25 well-known Israeli companies. The companies operate in different sectors—some in food manufacturing, others in services, pharmaceuticals and even high-tech—but have one thing in common: they all operate in settlements, east Jerusalem and the Jordan Valley.

Among the companies in the commissioner’s sights are Ahava, Dor Alon,

Amisragas, Angel Bakeries, Arison Investments, Ashdar, Clal Industries, Café Café, Cellcom, Danya Cebus, Electra, HP, Hot, the Israel Aerospace Industries, Matrix Systems, Motorola, Nesher, Partner, Paz, Rami Levy, Remax, Housing & Construction (Shikun Binui), Shufersal, Sonol and Trima.

The above companies are joined by the 12 companies already published on Channel 2 News including Bank Hapoalim, Bank Leumi, Bezeq and Bezeq International, Coca Cola, Africa Israel, Teva, IDB, Egged, Mekorot, Netafim and Elbit Systems.

The “Washington Post” published American companies will also be appearing on the list, including Caterpillar, Tripadvisor and Airbnb.

Some of the companies to be included on the list are still considering their response, but others are already fighting back with the claim their inclusion on the list may cause them financial harm and tarnish their brand, and are therefore looking into filing suits against the Commissioner and the UN’s Human Rights Council that called for the list’s preparation in the first place.

The companies claim the list’s creation was politically motivated and point to the fact that the commissioner constructed no such lists pertaining to other regions of conflict—such as the Crimean Peninsula and Western Sahara—as proof.

Both Israel and the US have been working behind the scenes in the past few weeks to prevent the list’s publication, but it appears it may be presented with a fait accompli. Despite the fact the list carries no operational or legal ramifications, the symbolic move nevertheless caused concern among the Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials due to the fact it may provide a serious boost to BDS efforts, deter foreign investors and convince foreign companies operating in Israel to reduce their operations.

“It may cause large investment firms or pension funds carrying stocks of various Israeli companies to divest in them because they, in turn, operate in the settlements. It may lead to a snowball effect that will greatly harm the Israeli economy eventually,” said a senior Israeli official.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimates the Human Rights Commissioner received most of his information about the Israeli firms from Israeli non-profits operating in the settlements and investigating business activities beyond the Green Line.

AIPAC goes to war

In an effort to scuttle the move, the pro-Israel American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) lobby has been working in the US on promoting rapid legislation in Congress determining any company divesting its business dealings from Israel will be considered to have “capitulated” to the Arab boycott, and would thus be in violation of American law.

The Human Rights Council’s efforts to isolate Israel—executed through the office of the commissioner—have largely been facilitated by what Israel frequently slams as the UN body’s years-long anti-Israeli majority which has a long record of a bias slant.

Bezeq CEO Stella Handler published a Facebook post 12 days ago in which she made public the overture she received from the UN’s Human Rights Commissioner. After the Ministry of Foreign Affairs contacted her, Handler took the post down.

“Here’s something the UN’s Human Rights Council doesn’t want you know: we’ve received a message from Special Assistant to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Mohammad Ali Alnsour. Alnsour communicated to us that Bezeq was to be included on a list of Israeli companies operating in the West Bank. He asked us to keep that information confidential and to not publically comment on it,” Handler’s Facebook post said.


“Before we get started, here’s some background about the UN’s Human Rights Council. Since it was founded in 2006, it published 68 decisions denouncingIsrael, making up 50 percent of the total resolutions pertaining to specific countries the council has made. Not North Korea, not Syria, not Sudan and not Yemen were afforded such attention,” the post continued.

“We will not be cooperating with a move that’s entirely anti-Israeli propaganda. Despite the council’s attempts to harm Israel by harming Bezeq, we give you our solemn commitment to keep focused on what we do best: providing all of Israel’s citizens with quality service, to provide our employees with a fair workplace and to manufacture profits for our shareholders. That is our role as Israel’s communications infrastructures company,” Handler concluded. 

EINDE ARTIKEL

BDS NEDERLAND

PROFITEURS VAN DE BEZETTING: DE VOLLEDIGE VN LIJST

In vervolg op ons bericht gisteren over de publicatie door de Verenigde Naties van de lijst met bedrijven die geld verdienen aan de bezetting van Palestijnse gebieden door Israël, hieronder de volledige lijst van 112 bedrijven, overgenomen van middleeasteye. Bij deze lijst moet worden opgemerkt dat hij zeker nog niet compleet is. Een simpel voorbeeld is Albert Hein/de HEMA. Zo zijn er, alleen al in Nederland, meer voorbeelden te noemen. Er is dus nog werk aan de winkel voor de landelijke organisaties, met het oog op de actualisatie van de lijst die volgens de betreffende VN-resolutie elk jaar moet plaatsvinden.

BedrijfLand
1Afikim Public Transportation Ltd.Israel
2Airbnb Inc.United States
3American Israeli Gas Corporation Ltd.Israel
4Amir Marketing and Investments in Agriculture Ltd.Israel
5Amos Hadar Properties and Investments Ltd.Israel
6Angel BakeriesIsrael
7Archivists Ltd.Israel
8Ariel Properties GroupIsrael
9Ashtrom Industries Ltd.Israel
10Ashtrom Properties Ltd.Israel
11Avgol Industries 1953 Ltd.Israel
12Bank Hapoalim B.M.Israel
13Bank Leumi Le-Israel B.M.Israel
14Bank of Jerusalem Ltd.Israel
15Beit Haarchiv Ltd.Israel
16Bezeq, Israel Telecommunication CorpIsrael
17Booking.com B.V.Netherlands
18C Mer Industries Ltd.Israel
19Café Café Israel Ltd.Israel
20Caliber 3Israel
21Cellcom Israel Ltd.Israel
22Cherriessa Ltd.Israel
23Chish Nofei Israel Ltd.Israel
24Citadis Israel Ltd.Israel
25Comasco Ltd.Israel
26Darban Investments Ltd.Israel
27Delek Group Ltd.Israel
28Delta IsraelIsrael
29Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 Ltd.Israel
30Egis RailFrance
31Egged, Israel Transportation Cooperative Society Ltd.Israel
32Energix Renewable Energies Ltd.Israel
33EPR Systems Ltd.Israel
34Extal Ltd.Israel
35Expedia Group Inc.United States
36Field Produce Ltd.Israel
37Field Produce Marketing Ltd.Israel
38First International Bank of Israel Ltd.Israel
39Galshan Shvakim Ltd.Israel
40General Mills Israel Ltd.Israel
41Hadiklaim Israel Date Growers Cooperative Ltd.Israel
42Hot Mobile Ltd.Israel
43Hot Telecommunications Systems Ltd.Israel
44Industrial Buildings Corporation Ltd.Israel
45Israel Discount Bank Ltd.Israel
46Israel Railways Corporation Ltd.Israel
47Italek Ltd.Israel
48JC Bamford Excavators Ltd.United Kingdom
49Jerusalem Economy Ltd.Israel
50Kavim Public Transportation Ltd.Israel
51Lipski Installation and Sanitation Ltd.Israel
52Matrix IT Ltd.Israel
53Mayer Davidov Garages Ltd.Israel
54Mekorot Water Company Ltd.Israel
55Mercantile Discount Bank Ltd.Israel
56Merkavim Transportation Technologies Ltd.Israel
57Mizrahi Tefahot Bank Ltd.Israel
58Modi’in Ezrachi Group Ltd.Israel
59Mordechai Aviv Taasiot Beniyah 1973 Ltd.Israel
60Motorola Solutions Israel Ltd.Israel
61Municipal Bank Ltd.Israel
62Naaman Group Ltd.Israel
63Nof Yam Security Ltd.Israel
64Ofertex Industries 1997 Ltd.Israel
65Opodo Ltd.United Kingdom
66Bank Otsar Ha-Hayal Ltd.Israel
67Partner Communications Company Ltd.Israel
68Paz Oil Company Ltd.Israel
69Pelegas Ltd.Israel
70Pelephone Communications Ltd.Israel
71Proffimat S.R. Ltd.Israel
72Rami Levy Chain Stores Hashikma Marketing 2006 Ltd.Israel
73Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing Communication Ltd.Israel
74Re/Max IsraelIsrael
75Shalgal Food Ltd.Israel
76Shapir Engineering and Industry Ltd.Israel
77Shufersal Ltd.Israel
78Sonol Israel Ltd.Israel
79Superbus Ltd.Israel
80Supergum Industries 1969 Ltd.Israel
81Tahal Group International B.V.Netherlands
82TripAdvisor Inc.United States
83Twitoplast Ltd.Israel
84Unikowsky Maoz Ltd.Israel
85YESIsrael
86Zakai Agricultural Know-how and inputs Ltd.Israel
87ZF Development and ConstructionIsrael
88ZMH Hammermand Ltd.Israel
89Zorganika Ltd.Israel
90Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd.Israel
91Alon Blue Square Israel Ltd.Israel
92Alstom S.A.France
93Altice Europe N.V.Netherlands
94Amnon Mesilot Ltd.Israel
95Ashtrom Group Ltd.Israel
96Booking Holdings Inc.United States
97Brand Industries Ltd.Israel
98Delta Galil Industries Ltd.Israel
99eDreams ODIGEO S.A.Luxembourg
100Egis S.A.France
101Electra Ltd.Israel
102Export Investment Company Ltd.Israel
103General Mills Inc.United States
104Hadar GroupIsrael
105Hamat Group Ltd.Israel
106Indorama Ventures P.C.L.Thailand
107Kardan N.V.Netherlands
108Mayer’s Cars and Trucks Co. Ltd.Israel
109Motorola Solutions Inc.United States
110Natoon GroupIsrael
111Villar International Ltd.Israel
112Greenkote P.L.C.

De redactie

Foto: HEMA, volgend jaar op de lijst? (Facebook / Canadian Jewish News) 

Related

Brief van de FNV aan VN-Secretaris Generaal Antonio Guterres

[4]

GAZA IS NOG STEEDS BEZET GEBIED!LEES:
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL: ”DISENGAGEMENT” WILL NOT END GAZA OCCUPATION

Israeli Government Still Holds Responsibility for Welfare of Civilians
28 OCTOBER 2004

https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

The Israeli government’s plan to remove troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip would not end Israel’s occupation of the territory. As an occupying power, Israel will retain responsibility for the welfare of Gaza’s civilian population.

Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

Under the plan, Israel is scheduled to remove settlers and military bases protecting the settlers from the Gaza Strip and four isolated West Bank Jewish settlements by the end of 2005. The Israeli military will remain deployed on Gaza’s southern border, and will reposition its forces to other areas just outside the territory.

In addition to controlling the borders, coastline and airspace, Israel will continue to control Gaza’s telecommunications, water, electricity and sewage networks, as well as the flow of people and goods into and out of the territory. Gaza will also continue to use Israeli currency.

A World Bank study on the economic effects of the plan determined that “disengagement” would ease restrictions on mobility inside Gaza. But the study also warned that the removal of troops and settlers would have little positive effect unless accompanied by an opening of Gaza’s borders. If the borders are sealed to labor and trade, the plan “would create worse hardship than is seen today.”

The plan also explicitly envisions continued home demolitions by the Israeli military to expand the “buffer zone” along the Gaza-Egypt border. According to a report released last week by Human Rights Watch, the Israeli military has illegally razed nearly 1,600 homes since 2000 to create this buffer zone, displacing some 16,000 Palestinians. Israeli officials have called for the buffer zone to be doubled, which would result in the destruction of one-third of the Rafah refugee camp.

In addition, the plan states that disengagement “will serve to dispel the claims regarding Israel’s responsibility for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.” A report by legal experts from the Israeli Justice Ministry, Foreign Ministry and the military made public on Sunday, however, reportedly acknowledges that disengagement “does not necessarily exempt Israel from responsibility in the evacuated territories.”

If Israel removes its troops from Gaza, the Palestinian National Authority will maintain responsibility for security within the territory—to the extent that Israel allows Palestinian police the authority and capacity. Palestinian security forces will still have a duty to protect civilians within Gaza and to prevent indiscriminate attacks on Israeli civilians.

“Under international law, the test for determining whether an occupation exists is effective control by a hostile army, not the positioning of troops,” Whitson said. “Whether the Israeli army is inside Gaza or redeployed around its periphery and restricting entrance and exit, it remains in control.”

Under international law, the duties of an occupying power are detailed in the Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations. According to The Hague Regulations, a “territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army. The occupation extends only to the territory where such authority has been established and can be exercised.”

The “disengagement plan,” as adopted by the Israeli Cabinet on June 6, 2004, and endorsed by the Knesset on October 26, is available at:
http://www.pmo.gov.il/nr/exeres/C5E1ACE3-9834-414E-9512-8E5F509E9A4D.htm.

EINDE VERKLARING HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

[5]

”1391, or 63%, of the 2,202 Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in Operation “Protective Edge” did not take part in the hostilities. Of these, 526 – a quarter of all Palestinians killed in the operation – were children under eighteen years of age. These are some of the figures published today by Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem to mark two years since the operation, which took place in July-August 2014.

BTSELEM.ORG

50 DAYS: MORE THAN 500 CHILDREN: FACTS AND FIGURES ON FATALITIES IN GAZA, 

SUMMER 2014

https://www.btselem.org/press_releases/20160720_fatalities_in_gaza_conflict_2014

”We explicitly and loudly condemned the direct shelling of the Al Aqsa hospital on July 21st that killed at least four people”

INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

NO WONDER GAZANS ARE ANGRY.THE RED CROSS CAN’T PROTECT THEM

25 JULI 2014

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/article/editorial/07-24-gaza-israel-palestine-maio.htm

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

[6]

RAPPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL:

ISRAEL’S APARTHEID AGAINST PALESTINIANS”A CRUEL 

SYSTEM OF DOMINATION AND A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

RAPPORT HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAELI APARTHEID: ”A THRESHOLD CROSSED”

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution

[7]

OVER DE ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN,VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT
HET INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS:

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

§  International Review of the Red Cross, No 885, special issue on Occupation

§  Fourth Geneva Convention, Article 49.  

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

EINDE VERKLARING INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

[8]

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLER VIOLENCE = STATE VIOLENCE

https://www.btselem.org/settler_violence_updates_overview

[9]

ZIE NOOT 3

[10]

ZIE NOOT 6

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Geen EBS bussen in regio Zaanstreek-Waterland!/EBS steunt apartheids en nederzettingenbeleid Israel

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Opening Surinaamse ambassade in Jeruzalem schoffering Internationaal Recht/Ingezonden Stuk

Vuur en rook boven Gaza-Stad na een Israëlische luchtaanval AFPHTTPS://NOS.NL/COLLECTIE/13864/ARTIKEL/2381067-UREN-NA-TOESPRAAK-NETANYAHU-OPNIEUW-ISRAELISCHE-LUCHTAANVALLEN-OP-GAZA

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING: DE NEDERZETTINGEN



BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

De ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken Ramdin (links) en Lapid TWITTER/YAIR LAPID

DE SURINAAMSE MINISTER VAN BUITENLANDSE ZAKEN

RAMDIN MET ZIJN ISRAELISCHE COLLEGA LAPID

https://nos.nl/artikel/2430845-suriname-opent-een-ambassade-in-jeruzalem-onduidelijk-is-nog-wanneer

OPENING SURINAAMSE AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM SCHOFFERING

INTERNATIONAAL RECHT/INGEZONDEN STUK

LEZERS!

Naar aanleiding de kennelijke opening van de Surinaamse ambassade in

Jeruzalem [1] heb ik de heer Ramdin, minister van Buitenlandse Zaken,

een mail gestuurd met stevige kritiek. [2]

Ook heb ik onderstaand Ingezonden Stuk naar een aantal

Surinaamse, Nederlandse en Belgische kranten gestuurd.

Omdat ik uiteraard niet weet, of het ook wordt gepubliceerd,

hieronder [onder de noten] mijn Ingezonden Stuk met u gedeeld

VEEL LEESPLEZIER

Astrid Essed

[1]

NOS

SURINAME OPENT EEN AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM, ONDUIDELIJK

IS NOG WANNEER’

30 MEI 2022

https://nos.nl/artikel/2430845-suriname-opent-een-ambassade-in-jeruzalem-onduidelijk-is-nog-wanneer

Suriname opent op termijn een ambassade in Jeruzalem. Het land heeft nu een consulaat in Tel Aviv. De datum van de opening is nog onbekend. De Israëlische minister van Buitenlandse Zaken Lapid maakte het nieuws in een tweet bekend na een ontmoeting met zijn Surinaamse collega Ramdin. “Dank u wel Suriname!”, zette hij er in het Nederlands bij.

Een dergelijke verplaatsing ligt internationaal gevoelig omdat de status van Jeruzalem omstreden is. Tijdens de Zesdaagse Oorlog in 1967 veroverde Israël het oostelijke stadsdeel. Tegenwoordig beschouwt Israël heel Jeruzalem als Israëlisch grondgebied en als de eeuwige en ondeelbare hoofdstad van het land. De Palestijnen zien Oost-Jeruzalem als de hoofdstad van een toekomstige Palestijnse staat.

Lees hier meer over deze kwestie in ons artikel Een stad, twee realiteiten: vijf vragen over Jeruzalem.

“Jeruzalem is het bestuurlijk centrum en daarom willen we daar een ambassade. We willen de functionele, technische en commerciële samenwerking met Israël versterken. Er moet niet emotioneel op gereageerd worden, we moeten nuchter blijven”, zegt de Surinaamse minister Ramdin tegen de NOS.

Directeur-generaal Peled van het Israëlische ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken zegt dat het bezoek van de Surinaamse minister aan zijn land een mijlpaal is in de onderlinge betrekkingen. “Israël zal betere toegang krijgen tot het Caraïbisch gebied en Suriname krijgt toegang tot onze technologie en investeerders”, zegt hij in de Israëlische krant The Jerusalem Post.

Vier landen

Tot nu toe hebben alleen Amerika, Guatemala, Honduras en Kosovo een ambassade in Jeruzalem. De aankondiging van de verhuizing van de Amerikaanse ambassade in Israël leidde in 2017 tot woedende reacties in het Midden-Oosten. De Nederlandse ambassade is sinds 1980 gevestigd in een buitenwijk van Tel Aviv. Er zijn geen plannen voor een verhuizing.

Latijns-Amerikacorrespondent Nina Jurna:

Suriname was tot nu toe vrij neutraal in hun buitenlandbeleid. Daarom is deze stap opmerkelijk te noemen. De relatief nieuwe regering van president Chan Santokhi voert op dit dossier duidelijk een ander beleid. Economische belangen zullen voor Suriname ook een belangrijke rol spelen. Suriname is praktisch failliet en heeft belang bij samenwerking met financieel sterkere landen, ondanks de politieke gevoeligheid.

Correspondent Ties Brock in Tel Aviv:

Het overgrote deel van de landen ziet Oost-Jeruzalem als bezet Palestijns gebied. Voor Israël is het dan ook een diplomatieke opsteker als landen deze stap zetten omdat dit de status van Jeruzalem als de hoofdstad van Israël bevestigt. Ook als relatief kleine landen -die geopolitiek weinig gewicht in de schaal leggen- dit doen ziet Israël dat als een kleine diplomatieke overwinning.

THE JERUSALEM POST

SURINAME TO OPEN JERUSALEM EMBASSY,

PUSHES TO IMPROVE TIES WITH ISRAEL

30 MAY 2022

https://www.jpost.com/breaking-news/article-708057

Surinamese Foreign Minister Albert Ramdin is making the first visit to Israel of any top official from his country since it established diplomatic relations with the Jewish state in 1976.

Suriname plans to open an embassy in Jerusalem, making it one of a small number of countries that are willing to push back against international objections to such a stand.

“Today, during our meeting in Jerusalem, Surinamese Foreign Minister Albert Ramdin informed me that his country plans to soon open an embassy in Jerusalem,” Foreign Minister Yair Lapid tweeted on Monday after the two men met.

Ramdin is making the first visit to Israel of any top official from his country since it established diplomatic relations with the Jewish state in 1976.

The bulk of the international community has refused to recognize that any part of Jerusalem falls within Israel’s border.

A smaller number of countries agree that western Jerusalem is part of Israel while they hold that the eastern part of the city should be part of the future borders of a Palestinian state.

Most countries believe that the status of Jerusalem, in general, should be determined through a two-state resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and as a result, most of the embassies in Israel are located in Tel Aviv. 

Suriname does not currently have an embassy in Israel and so opening such an office would be a first for the Latin American country that was once a Dutch colony.

Israel does not have an embassy in Suriname but services it out of its embassy in Panama.

The small Dutch-speaking country has a population of some 600,000 people, a majority of whom are Christians and a minority who are Muslims, and as such is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. 

Suriname’s interests in Israel

Foreign Ministry Deputy Director-General Yoni Peled, who heads the Latin American and Caribbean desk, said that Suriname”is interested in improving relations with Israel.” They are particularly interested in its technology with respect to agriculture and water.

Israel plans to send Suriname humanitarian assistance to help victims of the recent flooding in its country.

Suriname has newly discovered oil and natural gas reserves, which offer new investment opportunities for Israelis.

This visit marks “a milestone in our relationship with Suriname which will benefit both countries. Israel will have better access to the Caribbean states and Suriname will have the opportunity to access Israeli technology, know-how and investment,” Peled said.

TEGENSTAND IN HET SURINAAMSE PARLEMENT

NOS

SURINAAMSE MINISTER TERUGGEFLOTEN OM

PLAN VOOR AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM

https://nos.nl/index.php/artikel/2430974-surinaamse-minister-teruggefloten-om-plan-voor-ambassade-in-jeruzalem

Het omstreden plan van Suriname een ambassade te openen in Jeruzalem staat op losse schroeven. Tijdens een tumultueuze parlementsvergadering is forse kritiek geuit. Vicepresident Brunswijk zei dat er nog geen regeringsbesluit is, terwijl minister van Buitenlandse Zaken Ramdin het voornemen gisteren als een voldongen feit presenteerde.

Volgens persbureau ANP ziet de Surinaamse regering zelfs af van het openen van een ambassade in de Israëlische stad. “Ik zal op korte termijn met tekst en uitleg komen”, zegt minister Ramdin in een reactie aan de NOS. Hij laat in het midden wat de status van het plan is.

Een partijgenoot van Ramdin dreigde vandaag uit fractie VHP te stappen als er daadwerkelijk een ambassade wordt geopend in Jeruzalem. Ook door de Surinaamse Islamitische Vereniging is verontwaardigd gereageerd, die vraagt de regering het voornemen “in ernstige heroverweging te nemen”. Zo’n 20 procent van de Surinaamse bevolking is moslim.

De status van Jeruzalem is omstreden, daarom hebben verreweg de meeste landen hun ambassade in de stad Tel Aviv. Slechts vier landen hebben een ambassade in Jeruzalem: de VS, Honduras, Guatemala en Kosovo.

Israël heeft het oostelijke deel van Jeruzalem bezet en beschouwt de hele stad als Israëlisch grondgebied. Maar de Palestijnen zien Oost-Jeruzalem als hoofdstad van de toekomstige Palestijnse staat.

VHP-parlementslid Barkat Mohab-Ali stelt volgens nieuwssite Starnieuws dat zijn telefoon “op springen staat”. In de parlementsvergadering maakte hij duidelijk dat hij zich niet meer thuis zou voelen in de fractie als het plan doorgaat.

Voorzitter van het parlement Marinus Bee (ABOP) kreeg applaus toen hij zei: “We willen niet dat er een ambassade komt in Jeruzalem. We weten wat de consequenties zijn.” Vicepresident Brunswijk, eveneens ABOP-lid, bracht de gemoederen tot bedaren door te zeggen dat het plan niet rond is. Suriname houdt wel degelijk rekening met de gevoelens van diverse religieuze groepen, zei hij volgens Starnieuws.

Lees hier meer over deze kwestie in ons artikel: ‘Een stad, twee realiteiten: vijf vragen over Jeruzalem’.

Zodra Ramdin terug is in Suriname wordt er duidelijkheid verwacht. De minister maakte het omstreden ambassadeplan bekend op staatsbezoek in Israël. “We willen de functionele, technische en commerciële samenwerking met Israël versterken. Er moet niet emotioneel op gereageerd worden, we moeten nuchter blijven”, zei Ramdin toen.

[2]

SURINAME OPENT AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM/

SURINAME’S FOUTE STEUN AAN ISRAEL’S ANNEXATIE EN

APARTHEIDSPOLITIEK

ASTRID ESSED

[BRIEF AAN MINISTER VAN BUITENLANDSE

ZAKEN RAMDIN]

INGEZONDEN STUK

TITEL INGEZONDEN STUK:

”OPENING SURINAAMSE AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM SCHOFFERING

INTERNATIONAAL RECHT”

Ingezonden Stuk

Geachte Redactie,

Het bericht is verbijsterend:

De Surinaamse regering is voornemens een ambassade te openen

in Jeruzalem, zoals kennelijk is besproken door de Surinaamse minister

van Buitenlandse Zaken Ramdin met zijn Israelische collega Lapid tijdens

Ramdin’s bezoek aan Israel.

Ten eerste had dat bezoek van Ramdin aan Israel uberhaupt niet moeten

plaatsvinden, omdat dat een steun is aan Israel’s sinds 1967 gevoerde bezetting van de Palestijnse gebieden met als bittere bijproducten de landroof via de illegale

nederzettingen, de voortdurende onderdrukking, de [sinds 2007] illegale Gaza Blokkade, de militaire acties, met

name in Gaza en daaraan inherent mensenrechtenschendingen

en oorlogsmisdaden.

Maar er is meer:

Een ambassade openen in Jeruzalem is een regelrechte schoffering

van het Internationaal Recht, sinds Israel in 1980 Jeruzalem [zowel

West als het in 1967 bezette Oost-Jeruzalem] heeft uitgeroepen

tot hoofdstad van Israel [de zogenaamde ”Jeruzalemwet], daarmee de facto bezet Oost-Jeruzalem

annexerend, wat tegen het Internationaal Recht ingaat [aan de status

van bezet gebied mogen geen geografische veranderingen mogen

uitgevoerd, artikel 55 van het Haags Verdrag 1907 en de Geneefse Conventies]

Vandaar dat in VN Veiligheidsraadsresolutie 478 [1980] de Staten met diplomatieke posten in Jeruzalem werden opgeroepen, hun posten te

verplaatsen, wat door de meesten werd gedaan, namelijk naar Tel Aviv.

Helaas is er een kentering gekomen, nadat ex president Trump Jeruzalem

heeft erkend als Israelische hoofdstad en had aangekondigd, de Amerikaanse

ambassade van Tel Aviv weer naar Jeruzalem te verplaatsen.

Van groot belang is het, dat Suriname deze schoffering van het Internationaal

Recht niet navolgt.

Gelukkig schijnt er binnen het Surinaamse parlement [De Nationale Assemblee]

forse kritiek op dit voornemen te zijn en is het te hopen, dat dit

onzalige plan  nog wordt teruggedraaid.

Juist van Suriname als ex kolonie en een land met een misdadig slavernijverleden mag solidariteit met het bezette en onderdrukte Palestijnse

volk worden verwacht.

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam

EINDE INGEZONDEN STUK

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Opening Surinaamse ambassade in Jeruzalem schoffering Internationaal Recht/Ingezonden Stuk

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Suriname opent ambassade in Jeruzalem/Suriname’s foute steun aan Israel’s annexatie en Apartheidspolitiek

Vuur en rook boven Gaza-Stad na een Israëlische luchtaanval AFPHTTPS://NOS.NL/COLLECTIE/13864/ARTIKEL/2381067-UREN-NA-TOESPRAAK-NETANYAHU-OPNIEUW-ISRAELISCHE-LUCHTAANVALLEN-OP-GAZA

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:



BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

SURINAME OPENT AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM/SURINAME’S FOUTE

STEUN AAN ISRAEL’S ANNEXATIE EN APARTHEIDSPOLITIEK

AAN

DE MINISTER VAN BUITENLANDSE

ZAKEN VAN DE REPUBLIEK SURINAME

Tav

De heer A Ramdin

Onderwerp:

De opening van een ambassade door de Republiek Suriname

in Jeruzalem

”Werkend houden w’in gedachten

Recht en waarheid maken vrij
Al wat goed is te betrachten
Dat geeft aan ons land waardij.”
Slotregels Surinaams Volkslied Oude Stijl

Geachte Excellentie,

”Werkend houden w’in gedachten

Recht en waarheid maken vrij”Waardige Eindregels van het Surinaamse VolksliedOude Stijl [1], die iedereen zouden moeten inspireren.Zeer teleurstellend echter om te moeten constateren,dat nu er is afgerekend met de presidentschappenvan de voormalige dictator D. Bouterse en ex president en dezeopnieuw is veroordeeld in verband met de in 1982 gepleegde Decembermoorden [2],de nieuw aangetreden regering Santokhi, van wie ondergetekendeen vele anderen ”Recht en Waarheid” verwachtten, internationaalernstig, tot zeer ernstig in de fout dreigt te gaan! 
WANT:-u las het al- ik protesteer ten zeerste tegen het feit,dat Suriname heeft besloten, een ambassade te openen in Jeruzalem! [3]Dit is een ernstige schoffering van het Internationaal Recht, 

en vooral-en dat vind ik nog wel het ergste, een ondersteuning van Israel’s bezettings

en annexatiepolitiek, waarmee u, als minister van Buitenlandse Zaken

en hoofdverantwoordelijke, het bezette Palestijnse volk een Klap

in het Gezicht geeft!

ACHTERGROND:

De feiten zijn u bekend, maar ik zet ze nogmaals op een rijtje:

Zoals u uiteraard weet, is Israel sinds 1967 bezettende Macht in de Palestijnse

gebieden, De Westelijke Jordaanoever, Oost-Jeruzalem en Gaza [4] 

ondanks VN Veiligheidsraadsresolutie 242, die Israel in 1967 opriep,

zich terug te trekken uit de Bezette Gebieden.

Ik hoef u niet te vertellen, dat er sindsien sprake is geweest

[zoals bij alle bezettingen] van onderdrukking, mensenrechten

schendingen, oorlogsmisdaden, vooral ook tijdens de Israelische

militaire acties in Gaza. [5]

De nederzettingenpolitiek kent u ook, die neerkomt op platte

landroof!

Ook weet u, dat die nederzettingen in strijd zijn met het Internationaal

Recht [6]

JERUZALEM

Nu over Jeruzalem en het voornemen van de Surinaamse regering,

een ambassade in Jeruzalem te openen.

In de eerste plaats moet u bekend zijn, dat bij VN AV Resolutie 181, 1947, die de verdeling van het toenmalige Britse Mandaatgebied Palestina op de kaart zette, Jeruzalem een internationale

status kreeg van corpus separatum

Zie hierover noot 7

Dat was dus de status quo, Jeruzalem als corpus separatum

Na de oorlog van 1948, die volgde op de nasleep van VN Resolutie 181, ten

onrechte de Israelische ”Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog” genoemd

[de autochtone bevolking, die eeuwenlang gekoloniseerd was geweest

waren immers de Palestijnen, maar dat even daargelaten], die uitmondde in de grootschalige etnische zuivering van meer dan

750 000 Palestijnen [8], werd West Jeruzalem gevoegd bij de

nieuwe Joodse Staat israel [veroverd door de Israelische troepen] en Oost-Jeruzalem bij het pas

onafhankelijke Jordanie [veroverd door de Arabische troepen]

Maar internationaalrechtelijk was Jeruzalem nog steeds een corpus separatum

1980/JERUZALEMWETIk schreef al over de Israelische bezetting van de Palestijnse gebiedenin 1967.Een van die bezette gebieden was, zoals vermeld [en bij u bekend] Oost-JeruzalemHiermee kwam dus, na West-Jeruzalem, ook Oost-Jeruzalem onderIsraelische controle, zij het als ”bezet gebied”, waarop de Conventievan Geneve van toepassing is en het Haags Verdrag van 1907 [9]Dat was EEN ding:In 1980 ging Israel nog een stapje verder, door de zogenaamdeBasic Law [oftewel de ”Jeruzalemwet] af te kondigen, waarbij werdverklaard, dat ”het complete en verenigde Jeruzalem”, werd uitgeroepentot de hoofstad van Israel. [10]
DIT WAS ANNEXATIE!Niet alleen was dit een schending van de internationale statusvan Jeruzalem [corpus separatum], bovendien werd de facto bezetgebied [Oost Jeruzalem] geannexeerd!En volgens het Internationaal Recht [en here comes het Haagse Verdragin, artikel 55] mogen er geen geografische veranderingen worden aangebrachtin bezet gebied! [11]
Uiteraard liet de Internationale Gemeenschap het er niet op zittenen is Israel hiervoor door middel van twee VN Veiligheidsraadsresoluties,te weten 476 en 478 [12]Voor deze brief is met name van toepassing VN Security Resolution478, omdat daarin Israel niet alleen wordt veroordeeld vanwege dede facto annexatie van Oost-Jeruzalem en de uitroeping van Jeruzalemtot hoofdstad van Israel [opvolgende Resolutie 476], maar ook,omdat alle Staten worden opgeroepen hun diplomatiekemissies uit Jeruzalem terug te trekken!! Ik citeer uit Resolutie 478 ”

5. Decides not to recognize the “basic law” and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law, seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem and calls upon:(a) All Member States to accept this decision;(b) Those States that have established diplomatic missions at Jerusalem to withdraw such missions from the Holy City;” [13]
SURINAME IN DE FOUT!
En wat doet de Surinaamse regering, wat doet u, o ministervan Buitenlandse Zaken?
Tegen deze duidelijke internationaalrechtelijke veroordelingen,die nooit door Israel zijn nagevolgd, opent Surinameeen ambassade in Jeruzalem!SCHANDE!
Want hiermee steunt de Surinaamse regering de facto de Israelische bezettings en annexatiepolitiek in casu debarbaarse onderdrukking van het Palestijnse volk.En dat door een Land, Suriname, dat zelf eeuwenlangheeft geleden onder slavernij en kolonisatie! [14]Mag dan niet, juist van Derde Wereld ex kolonieeensolidariteit worden verwacht met dat andere gekoloniseerdevolk, de Palestijnen? [15]

EPILOOG
Minister Ramdin, Suriname kan dit niet doen!Suriname kan en mag geen ambassade in Jeruzalem openen,waarmee zij niet alleen openlijk het InternationaalRecht aan haar laars lapt [zie bovenstaande], maarde facto de kolonisatie en bezettingspolitiek van bezettingsstaatIsrael steunt!Zeker als ex kolonie, maar ook als nalever van hetInternationaal Recht en de gewone, menselijke waardenvan Gelijkheid en Broederschap, zou Suriname geen MILLIMETER steun moeten geven aan ApartheidsstaatIsrael! [16]Dus minister Ramdin, doe wat in uw Macht is en draai deze Beslissing terug en gezwind
Zodat Suriname weer echt de woorden in het Volkslied mag waarmaken:

”Werkend houden w’in gedachtenRecht en waarheid maken vrij
Al wat goed is te betrachten
Dat geeft aan ons land waardij.’

Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 
NOTEN
ZIE VOOR LINK NOTEN
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-16-suriname-in-de-fout-over-israel/

ZIE VOOR FYSIEKE NOTEN:

[1]

BELEVEN.ORG

SURINAAMS VOLKSLIED

https://www.beleven.org/verhaal/surinaams_volkslied

Surinaams volkslied- Het officiële volkslied met Nederlands en Surinaams couplet

God zij met ons Suriname
Hij verhef ons heerlijk land
Hoe wij hier ook samen kwamen
Aan zijn grond zijn wij verpand
Werkend houden w’in gedachten
Recht en waarheid maken vrij
Al wat goed is te betrachten
Dat geeft aan ons land waardij.

Opo kondreman oen opo!
Sranan gron e kari oen
Wans ope tata komopo
Wi moe seti kondre boen
Stre de f’stre wi no sa frede
Gado de wi fesi man
Eri libi te na dede
Wi sa feti gi Sranan.

*   *   *

Surinaams volksliedSamenvatting

Het officiële volkslied met Nederlands en Surinaams couplet.

Toelichting

In 1893 werd door de lutherse predikant C.A. Hoekstra een tekst gemaakt voor een Surinaams volkslied. Hiervoor koos men als melodie een compositie die in 1876 met een geheel ander doel was geschreven door de Friese onderwijzer J.C. de Puy.

Oude tekst tot 1959:

Suriname ’s trotse stromen,
Suriname ’s heerlijk land,
Suriname ’s fiere bomen,
Trouw zijn wij aan U verpand
Mochten weer de vloten varen,
Dat de handel welig bloei’
Dat fabrieken welvaart baren
Dat hier alles welig groei’

In 1959 besloot de Surinaamse regering ‘vlag, wapen en volkslied’ officieel vast te stellen. Voorgesteld werd de melodie van het traditionele volkslied te handhaven en het tweede couplet van de door Hoekstra geschreven Nederlandse tekst tot officiële tekst te verheffen.

De Raad van Ministers achtte het wenselijk een couplet in het Surinaams toe te voegen. Minister Essed benaderde de dichter Trefossa met het verzoek een Surinaams couplet te dichten dat de eenheid van het Surinaamse volk en de verbondenheid met het grondgebied zou benadrukken.

Op 7 december 1959 werd de tekst met algemene stemmen aangenomen. Trefossa heeft echter bovendien de tekst van het eerste couplet in dezelfde richting bewerkt. Bij landsverordening trad het volkslied op 15 december 1959 in werking en is bij het onafhankelijk worden in 1975 in dezelfde vorm gehandhaafd.

Trefwoorden

Thema

Feest / viering

Verhaalsoort

Bron

www.suriname.nu

[2]

NOS

KRIJGSTRAAD SURINAME BEVESTIGT VEROORDELING 

BOUTERSE: 20 JAAR CEL VOOR DECEMBERMOORDEN

30 AUGUSTUS 2021

https://nos.nl/artikel/2395769-krijgsraad-suriname-bevestigt-veroordeling-bouterse-20-jaar-cel-voor-decembermoorden

De Surinaamse krijgsraad heeft voormalig president Desi Bouterse opnieuw veroordeeld tot 20 jaar cel voor zijn rol in de Decembermoorden. Bouterse was in verzet gegaan tegen de uitspraak van de krijgsraad uit 2019, maar die komt nu tot dezelfde conclusie als destijds. Volgens de krijgsraad zijn er geen nieuwe feiten boven tafel gekomen.

De veroordeling van Bouterse is niet definitief. Er is nog beroep mogelijk tegen de uitspraak. Bouterses advocaat Irvin Kanhai heeft al aangekondigd dat hoger beroep te zullen aantekenen.

De verzetszaak werd behandeld door dezelfde rechters die Bouterse ook in eerste aanleg veroordeelden, maar de beroepszaak zal worden behandeld door het Hof van Justitie.

Net als bij de vorige uitspraak, toen hij nog president was, was Bouterse niet aanwezig. Hij had zich ditmaal ziek gemeld. De krijgsraad heeft geen gevangenneming van Bouterse bevolen, meldt de Surinaamse website Starnieuws.

EINDE NOS BERICHT

STARNIEUWS

BREAKING: BOUTERSE VEROORDEELD TOT 20 JAAR GEVANGENISSTRAF

https://www.starnieuws.com/index.php/welcome/index/nieuwsitem/66294

Desi Bouterse is zojuist in verzet veroordeeld tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf voor medeplegen van moord op 15 personen op 8 december 1982. De Krijgsraad onder leiding van president Cynthia Valstein-Montnor kwam tot het wettige en overtuigend bewijs voor moord. Hiermee is het verstekvonnis door de Krijgsraad bevestigd. Er is geen gevangenneming gelast door de Krijgsraad. Bouterse was niet aanwezig op de zitting. Hij heeft zich ziek gemeld. De zitting heeft heel kort geduurd. Er zijn geen nieuwe feiten naar voren gekomen, concludeerde de Krijgsraad.

Bouterse was in verzet gegaan tegen het verstekvonnis. Auditeur-militair Manro Danning heeft in de verzetszaak, net als in de verstekzaak 20 jaar gevangenisstraf geëist. Nadat hij zijn requisitoir op de vorige zitting had gehouden, hield raadsman Irvin Kanhai zijn pleidooi. Er volgde daarna repliek en dupliek en vervolgens het laatste woord van Bouterse. De Krijgsraad stelde toen de zaak uit tot vandaag voor uitspraak. Hij is door dezelfde samenstelling van rechters – Valstein-Montnor, Suzanne Chu en Rewita Chaterpal – op 29 november 2019 veroordeeld tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf.

In zijn laatste woord zei Bouterse dat de voormalige kolonisator, Nederland, niets onbenut heeft gelaten om de ingezette ontwikkeling te keren, en dat met een toenemende mate van meedogenloze gemeenheid en escalerend geweld. De eerste acties waren nog gericht op de liquidatie van de revolutionaire leiding en van hem in het bijzonder.

Hij voerde aan dat er een buitenlandse militaire invasie moest zorgen voor een volledige ‘regime change’, waarbij de dood van ettelijke honderden burgers als een aanvaardbare onvermijdelijkheid werd gezien. Hij is er volgens hem sprake van Nederlandse beïnvloeding in de rechtspraak tegen hem. Tijdens het proces heeft Bouterse gebruik gemaakt van zijn zwijgrecht.

Raadsman Irvin Kanhai heeft eerder aangegeven dat hij beroep zal aantekenen tegen het vonnis. Hij had verwacht dat het eerdere vonnis zou worden bevestigd vandaag. Hoger beroep zaken worden door het Hof van Justitie behandeld. Kanhai was niet persoonlijk aanwezig op de zitting. In 14 dagen kan er hoger beroep worden aangetekend.

EINDE BERICHT STARNIEUWS

AD

DESI BOUTERSE IN BEROEP TEGEN VONNIS DECEMBERMOORDEN

10 SEPTEMBER 2021

https://www.ad.nl/buitenland/desi-bouterse-in-beroep-tegen-vonnis-decembermoorden~a3295aae/

De Surinaamse oud-president Desi Bouterse is zoals aangekondigd in beroep gegaan tegen zijn veroordeling tot twintig jaar celstraf in het zogenoemde 8-decemberproces. Zijn advocaat Irwin Kanhai heeft op 3 september beroep aangetekend, bevestigde hij vandaag tegenover het ANP.

De Surinaamse krijgsraad legde de 75-jarige Bouterse op 30 augustus opnieuw twintig jaar celstraf op voor zijn betrokkenheid bij de moord op vijftien politieke tegenstanders in 1982. Dit vonnis is gelijk aan dat van eind 2019. Omdat Bouterse tijdens dat proces nooit aanwezig was, werd hij bij verstek veroordeeld. Daarna tekende hij verzet aan, waardoor de krijgsraad zijn zaak dit jaar opnieuw in behandeling moest nemen. Hij kreeg daardoor ook de mogelijkheid in beroep te gaan.

EINDE BERICHT AD

39 JAAR DECEMBERMOORDEN/VERGEET ZE NOOIT!

ASTRID ESSED

9 DECEMBER 2021

[3]

NOS

SURINAME OPENT EEN AMBASSADE IN JERUZALEM, ONDUIDELIJK

IS NOG WANNEER’

30 MEI 2022

https://nos.nl/artikel/2430845-suriname-opent-een-ambassade-in-jeruzalem-onduidelijk-is-nog-wanneer

Suriname opent op termijn een ambassade in Jeruzalem. Het land heeft nu een consulaat in Tel Aviv. De datum van de opening is nog onbekend. De Israëlische minister van Buitenlandse Zaken Lapid maakte het nieuws in een tweet bekend na een ontmoeting met zijn Surinaamse collega Ramdin. “Dank u wel Suriname!”, zette hij er in het Nederlands bij.

Een dergelijke verplaatsing ligt internationaal gevoelig omdat de status van Jeruzalem omstreden is. Tijdens de Zesdaagse Oorlog in 1967 veroverde Israël het oostelijke stadsdeel. Tegenwoordig beschouwt Israël heel Jeruzalem als Israëlisch grondgebied en als de eeuwige en ondeelbare hoofdstad van het land. De Palestijnen zien Oost-Jeruzalem als de hoofdstad van een toekomstige Palestijnse staat.

Lees hier meer over deze kwestie in ons artikel Een stad, twee realiteiten: vijf vragen over Jeruzalem.

“Jeruzalem is het bestuurlijk centrum en daarom willen we daar een ambassade. We willen de functionele, technische en commerciële samenwerking met Israël versterken. Er moet niet emotioneel op gereageerd worden, we moeten nuchter blijven”, zegt de Surinaamse minister Ramdin tegen de NOS.

Directeur-generaal Peled van het Israëlische ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken zegt dat het bezoek van de Surinaamse minister aan zijn land een mijlpaal is in de onderlinge betrekkingen. “Israël zal betere toegang krijgen tot het Caraïbisch gebied en Suriname krijgt toegang tot onze technologie en investeerders”, zegt hij in de Israëlische krant The Jerusalem Post.

Vier landen

Tot nu toe hebben alleen Amerika, Guatemala, Honduras en Kosovo een ambassade in Jeruzalem. De aankondiging van de verhuizing van de Amerikaanse ambassade in Israël leidde in 2017 tot woedende reacties in het Midden-Oosten. De Nederlandse ambassade is sinds 1980 gevestigd in een buitenwijk van Tel Aviv. Er zijn geen plannen voor een verhuizing.

Latijns-Amerikacorrespondent Nina Jurna:

Suriname was tot nu toe vrij neutraal in hun buitenlandbeleid. Daarom is deze stap opmerkelijk te noemen. De relatief nieuwe regering van president Chan Santokhi voert op dit dossier duidelijk een ander beleid. Economische belangen zullen voor Suriname ook een belangrijke rol spelen. Suriname is praktisch failliet en heeft belang bij samenwerking met financieel sterkere landen, ondanks de politieke gevoeligheid.

Correspondent Ties Brock in Tel Aviv:

Het overgrote deel van de landen ziet Oost-Jeruzalem als bezet Palestijns gebied. Voor Israël is het dan ook een diplomatieke opsteker als landen deze stap zetten omdat dit de status van Jeruzalem als de hoofdstad van Israël bevestigt. Ook als relatief kleine landen -die geopolitiek weinig gewicht in de schaal leggen- dit doen ziet Israël dat als een kleine diplomatieke overwinning.

THE JERUSALEM POST

SURINAME TO OPEN JERUSALEM EMBASSY,

PUSHES TO IMPROVE TIES WITH ISRAEL

30 MAY 2022

https://www.jpost.com/breaking-news/article-708057

Surinamese Foreign Minister Albert Ramdin is making the first visit to Israel of any top official from his country since it established diplomatic relations with the Jewish state in 1976.

Suriname plans to open an embassy in Jerusalem, making it one of a small number of countries that are willing to push back against international objections to such a stand.

“Today, during our meeting in Jerusalem, Surinamese Foreign Minister Albert Ramdin informed me that his country plans to soon open an embassy in Jerusalem,” Foreign Minister Yair Lapid tweeted on Monday after the two men met.

Ramdin is making the first visit to Israel of any top official from his country since it established diplomatic relations with the Jewish state in 1976.

The bulk of the international community has refused to recognize that any part of Jerusalem falls within Israel’s border.

A smaller number of countries agree that western Jerusalem is part of Israel while they hold that the eastern part of the city should be part of the future borders of a Palestinian state.

Most countries believe that the status of Jerusalem, in general, should be determined through a two-state resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and as a result, most of the embassies in Israel are located in Tel Aviv. 

Suriname does not currently have an embassy in Israel and so opening such an office would be a first for the Latin American country that was once a Dutch colony.

Israel does not have an embassy in Suriname but services it out of its embassy in Panama.

The small Dutch-speaking country has a population of some 600,000 people, a majority of whom are Christians and a minority who are Muslims, and as such is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. 

Suriname’s interests in Israel

Foreign Ministry Deputy Director-General Yoni Peled, who heads the Latin American and Caribbean desk, said that Suriname”is interested in improving relations with Israel.” They are particularly interested in its technology with respect to agriculture and water.

Israel plans to send Suriname humanitarian assistance to help victims of the recent flooding in its country.

Suriname has newly discovered oil and natural gas reserves, which offer new investment opportunities for Israelis.

This visit marks “a milestone in our relationship with Suriname which will benefit both countries. Israel will have better access to the Caribbean states and Suriname will have the opportunity to access Israeli technology, know-how and investment,” Peled said.

[4]

GAZA IS NOG STEEDS BEZET GEBIED!

LEES:
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL: ”DISENGAGEMENT” WILL NOT END GAZA OCCUPATION

Israeli Government Still Holds Responsibility for Welfare of Civilians
28 OCTOBER 2004

https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

The Israeli government’s plan to remove troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip would not end Israel’s occupation of the territory. As an occupying power, Israel will retain responsibility for the welfare of Gaza’s civilian population.

Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

Under the plan, Israel is scheduled to remove settlers and military bases protecting the settlers from the Gaza Strip and four isolated West Bank Jewish settlements by the end of 2005. The Israeli military will remain deployed on Gaza’s southern border, and will reposition its forces to other areas just outside the territory.

In addition to controlling the borders, coastline and airspace, Israel will continue to control Gaza’s telecommunications, water, electricity and sewage networks, as well as the flow of people and goods into and out of the territory. Gaza will also continue to use Israeli currency.

A World Bank study on the economic effects of the plan determined that “disengagement” would ease restrictions on mobility inside Gaza. But the study also warned that the removal of troops and settlers would have little positive effect unless accompanied by an opening of Gaza’s borders. If the borders are sealed to labor and trade, the plan “would create worse hardship than is seen today.”

The plan also explicitly envisions continued home demolitions by the Israeli military to expand the “buffer zone” along the Gaza-Egypt border. According to a report released last week by Human Rights Watch, the Israeli military has illegally razed nearly 1,600 homes since 2000 to create this buffer zone, displacing some 16,000 Palestinians. Israeli officials have called for the buffer zone to be doubled, which would result in the destruction of one-third of the Rafah refugee camp.

In addition, the plan states that disengagement “will serve to dispel the claims regarding Israel’s responsibility for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.” A report by legal experts from the Israeli Justice Ministry, Foreign Ministry and the military made public on Sunday, however, reportedly acknowledges that disengagement “does not necessarily exempt Israel from responsibility in the evacuated territories.”

If Israel removes its troops from Gaza, the Palestinian National Authority will maintain responsibility for security within the territory—to the extent that Israel allows Palestinian police the authority and capacity. Palestinian security forces will still have a duty to protect civilians within Gaza and to prevent indiscriminate attacks on Israeli civilians.

“Under international law, the test for determining whether an occupation exists is effective control by a hostile army, not the positioning of troops,” Whitson said. “Whether the Israeli army is inside Gaza or redeployed around its periphery and restricting entrance and exit, it remains in control.”

Under international law, the duties of an occupying power are detailed in the Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations. According to The Hague Regulations, a “territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army. The occupation extends only to the territory where such authority has been established and can be exercised.”

The “disengagement plan,” as adopted by the Israeli Cabinet on June 6, 2004, and endorsed by the Knesset on October 26, is available at:
http://www.pmo.gov.il/nr/exeres/C5E1ACE3-9834-414E-9512-8E5F509E9A4D.htm.

EINDE VERKLARING HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

[5]

”1391, or 63%, of the 2,202 Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces in Operation “Protective Edge” did not take part in the hostilities. Of these, 526 – a quarter of all Palestinians killed in the operation – were children under eighteen years of age. These are some of the figures published today by Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem to mark two years since the operation, which took place in July-August 2014.

BTSELEM.ORG

50 DAYS: MORE THAN 500 CHILDREN: FACTS AND FIGURES ON FATALITIES IN GAZA, 

SUMMER 2014

https://www.btselem.org/press_releases/20160720_fatalities_in_gaza_conflict_2014

”We explicitly and loudly condemned the direct shelling of the Al Aqsa hospital on July 21st that killed at least four people”

INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

NO WONDER GAZANS ARE ANGRY.THE RED CROSS CAN’T PROTECT THEM

25 JULI 2014

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/article/editorial/07-24-gaza-israel-palestine-maio.htm

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

THE RIGHTS FORUM

[6]

OVER DE ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN,VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT
HET INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS:

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

EINDE VERKLARING INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

[7]

Part III. – City of Jerusalem(5)

A. SPECIAL REGIME

The City of Jerusalem shall be established as a corpus separatum under a special international regime and shall be administered by the United Nations. The Trusteeship Council shall be designated to discharge the responsibilities of the Administering Authority on behalf of the United Nations.”

UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 181

https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/res181.asp


WIKIPEDIA

CORPUS SEPARATUM (JERUSALEM)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_separatum_(Jerusalem)

[8]

THE 1948 ETHNIC CLEANSING OF PALESTINE

ILAN PAPPE

https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/bitstream/handle/10871/15208/1948%20Ethnic%20Cleansing%20of%20Palestine.pdf;sequence=2

THE ETHNIC CLEANSING OF PALESTINE

ILAN PAPPE

WIKIPEDIA

THE ETHNIC CLEANSING OF PALESTINE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ethnic_Cleansing_of_Palestine

[9]

WETTEN NOPENS DE WETTEN EN GEBRUIKEN VAN DE 

OORLOG TE LAND, ‘S GRAVENHAGE 18-10-1907

https://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBV0006273/1910-01-26#Verdrag_2

CONVENTION (IV) RESPECTING THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS

OF WAR ON LAND AND ITS ANNEX: REGULATIONS

CONCERNING THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF WAR ON

LAND, THE HAGUE, 18 OCTOBER 1907

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/ihl/INTRO/195

[10]

WIKIPEDIA

JERUZALEMWET

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeruzalemwet#:~:text=De%20Jeruzalemwet%20(Hebreeuws%3A%20%D7%97%D7%95%D7%A7%20%D7%99%D7%A1%D7%95%D7%93,ondeelbare%20hoofdstad%20van%20Isra%C3%ABl%20is%22

De Jeruzalemwet (Hebreeuws: חוק יסוד: ירושלים בירת ישראל) is een Israëlische basiswet die op 30 juli 1980 door de Knesset werd aangenomen. In deze wet stelde men dat “Jeruzalem de eeuwige en ondeelbare hoofdstad van Israël is”.

De wet is in Resolutie 478 van de Veiligheidsraad van de Verenigde Naties veroordeeld als een schending van het volkenrecht, omdat de wet een eenzijdige annexatie van Oost-Jeruzalem inhoudt.

BASIC LAW: JERUSALEM THE CAPITAL CITY OF ISRAEL

https://m.knesset.gov.il/EN/activity/documents/BasicLawsPDF/BasicLawJerusalem.pdf

BLADZIJDE 1

  Jerusalem – the capital of Israel

 1. The complete and united Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. The seat of the President, the Knesset, the Government and the Supreme Court

 2. Jerusalem is the seat of the President of the State, the Knesset, the Government, and the Supreme Court. Protection of the Holy Places 

3. The Holy Places shall be protected against desecration, and any other violation, and against anything that is liable to violate the freedom of access of members of the various religions to the places sacred to them, or to their feelings towards those places. The development of Jerusalem 

4.

 (a) The Government shall pursue the development and prosperity of Jerusalem, and the welfare of its inhabitants, by allocating special resources, including a special annual grant to the Municipality of Jerusalem (Capital City Grant), with the approval of the Knesset Finance Committee. 

(b) Jerusalem shall be granted special priorities in the activities of the State authorities for the development of Jerusalem in market and economic issues, and in other issues.

 (c) The Government shall set up a special body or bodies to implement this article. 

BLADZIJDE 2

  The confines of the territory of Jerusalem (Amendment No. 

1) 5. The limits of Jerusalem include, for the purpose of this BasicLaw, inter alia, the whole area described in the addendum to the declaration of the expansion of the limits of the Jerusalem municipality of 20 Sivan 5727 (June 28, 1967), that was issued under the Municipalities Ordinance. Prohibition to delegate powers (Amendment No. 1 & 2) 6. No powers concerning the limits of the Jerusalem Municipality area, including the area described in the addendum on the expansion of the area of the municipality of Jerusalem on 20 Sivan 5767 (June 28, 1967) that was issued under the Municipalities Ordinance, and all as was in force on the day of the beginning of Basic-Law: Jerusalem the Capital of Israel (Amendment No. 2), shall be transferred to a foreign political or governing power, or to another similar foreign authority, whether permanently or for a given period. Rigidity (Amendments No. 1) 7. The provisions of article 6 are not to be changed, save by a basic law adopted by a majority of eighty Knesset Members. The provisions of this article are not to be changed except by means of a majority of Knesset Members. BASIC-LAW: JERUSALEM THE CAPITAL OF ISRAEL (Amendment) (Adopted on December 7, 2000)

 Intention 

1. This Basic-Law is designed to lay down in Basic-Law: Jerusalem the Capital of Israel, a limitation on a change of the confines of the territory of Jerusalem, and the application of the law, jurisdiction and administration of the State of Israel in this territory, and is also designed to prohibit the transfer of any sort of governmental or municipal authority, relating to the territory of Jerusalem, to anybody, which does not act by force of a law of the State of Israel. 

2. [The amendment was integrated into articles 6 and 7 of the main law.]  

BLADZIJDE 3

Retention of laws

 3. Nothing in the provisions of this Basic-Law shall detract from the provisions of the Law for the Implementation of the Interim Agreement Regarding the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (limitation of activity) 5755-1994, or any previous legal provision.

[11]

Artikel 55

De Staat, die een gebied bezet heeft, mag zich slechts beschouwen als beheerder en vruchtgebruiker der openbare gebouwen, onroerende eigendommen, bosschen en landbouwondernemingen, welke aan den vijandelijken Staat behooren en zich in de bezette landstreek bevinden. Hij moet het grondkapitaal dier eigendommen in zijn geheel laten en die overeenkomstig de regelen van het vruchtgebruik beheeren.


WETTEN NOPENS DE WETTEN EN GEBRUIKEN VAN DE 

OORLOG TE LAND, ‘S GRAVENHAGE 18-10-1907

https://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBV0006273/1910-01-26#Verdrag_2

ANNEX TO THE CONVENTION: REGULATIONS RESPECTING THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF WAR ON LAND – SECTION III : MILITARY AUTHORITY OVER THE TERRITORY OF THE HOSTILE STATE – REGULATIONS: ART. 55.Art. 55. The occupying State shall be regarded only as administrator and usufructuary of public buildings, real estate, forests, and agricultural estates belonging to the hostile State, and situated in the occupied country. It must safeguard the capital of these properties, and administer them in accordance with the rules of usufruct.

CONVENTION (IV) RESPECTING THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS

OF WAR ON LAND AND ITS ANNEX: REGULATIONS

CONCERNING THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF WAR ON

LAND, THE HAGUE, 18 OCTOBER 1907

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/ihl/INTRO/195

[12]

WIKIPEDIA

RESOLUTIE 478 VEILIGHEIDSRAAD VERENIGDE NATIES

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resolutie_478_Veiligheidsraad_Verenigde_Naties

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 478

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_478

Adopted by the Security Council at its 2245th meeting, on 20 August 1980 (14-0, US abstention)

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolution 476 (1980),

Reaffirming again that the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible,

Deeply concerned over the enactment of a “basic law” in the Israeli Knesset proclaiming a change in the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, with its implications for peace and security,

Noting that Israel has not complied with resolution 476 (1980),

Reaffirming its determination to examine practical ways and means, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, to secure the full implementation of its resolution 476 (1980), in the event of non-compliance by Israel,

1. Censures in the strongest terms the enactment by Israel of the “basic law” on Jerusalem and the refusal to comply with relevant Security Council resolutions;

2. Affirms that the enactment of the “basic law” by Israel constitutes a violation of international law and does not affect the continued application of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, in the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since June 1967, including Jerusalem;

3. Determines that all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which have altered or purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, and in particular the recent “basic law” on Jerusalem, are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith;

4. Affirms also that this action constitutes a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East;

5. Decides not to recognize the “basic law” and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law, seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem and calls upon:(a) All Member States to accept this decision;(b) Those States that have established diplomatic missions at Jerusalem to withdraw such missions from the Holy City;

6. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the implementation of the present resolution before 15 November 1980;

7. Decides to remain seized of this serious situation.

Resolutie 476 van de Veiligheidsraad van de Verenigde Naties werd op 30 juni 1980 uitgevaardigd. Deze resolutie werd goedgekeurd door 14 voor-stemmen en één onthouding, van de Verenigde Staten, en verklaarde weer dat de bestuurlijke wijzigingen die Israël had doorgevoerd in Oost-Jeruzalem nietig waren en riep op deze terug te draaien.”

WIKIPEDIA

RESOLUTIE 476 VEILIGHEIDSRAAD VERENIGDE NATIES

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resolutie_476_Veiligheidsraad_Verenigde_Naties

UNHCR

SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 476 (1980) [TERRITORIES

OCCUPIED BY ISRAEL]

https://www.refworld.org/docid/3b00f1776b.html

Resolution 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980

The Security Council,

Having considered the letter of 28 May 1980 from the representative of Pakistan, the current Chairman of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, as contained in document S/13966 of 28 May 1980,

Reaffirming that acquisition of territory by force is inadmissable,

Bearing in mind the specific status of Jerusalem and, in particular, the need for protection and preservation of the unique spiritual and religious dimension of the Holy Places in the city,

Reaffirming its resolutions relevant to the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, in particular resolutions 252 (1968) of 21 May 1968, 267 (1969) of 3 July 1969, 271 (1969) of 15 September 1969, 298 (1971) of 25 September 1971 and 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980,

Recalling the Fourth Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War,

Deploring the persistence of Israel, in changing the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure and the status of the Holy City of Jerusalem,

Gravely concerned over the legislative steps initiated in the Israeli Knesset with the aim of changing the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem,

1. Reaffirms the overriding necessity to end the prolonged occupation of Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem;

2. Strongly deplores the continued refusal of Israel, the occupying Power, to comply with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly;

3. Reconfirms that all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal validity and constitute a flagrant violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War and also constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East;

4. Reiterates that all such measures which have altered the geographic, demographic and historical character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council;

5. Urgently calls on Israel, the occupying Power, to abide by this and previous Security Council resolutions and to desist forthwith from persisting in the policy and measures affecting the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem;

6. Reaffirms its determination in the event of non-compliance by Israel with this resolution, to examine practical ways and means in accordance with relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations to secure the full implementation of this resolution.

Adopted at the 2242nd meeting by 14 votes to none, with 1 abstention (United States of America).

[13]”

5. Decides not to recognize the “basic law” and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law, seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem and calls upon:(a) All Member States to accept this decision;(b) Those States that have established diplomatic missions at Jerusalem to withdraw such missions from the Holy City;” 

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 478

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_478

[14]

NEDERLAND BETUIGT SPIJT OVER SLAVERNIJVERLEDEN/

GEEN SPIJT, MAAR EXCUSES

ASTRID ESSED

10 JULI 2013

[15]

DISASTER OVER PALESTINE/THE REFUGEE PROBLEM AND

THE IDEOLOGY OF TRANSFER

ASTRID ESSED

OORSPRONKELIJK:

LOS ANGELES INDYMEDIA

28 JUNI 2007

https://la.indymedia.org/news/2007/06/201927.php

[16]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

ISRAEL’S APARTHEID AGAINST PALESTINIANS”A CRUEL 

SYSTEM OF DOMINATION AND A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

1 FEBRUARI 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2022/02/israels-apartheid-against-palestinians-a-cruel-system-of-domination-and-a-crime-against-humanity/

RAPPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL:

ISRAEL’S APARTHEID AGAINST PALESTINIANS”A CRUEL 

SYSTEM OF DOMINATION AND A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

RAPPORT HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAELI APARTHEID: ”A THRESHOLD CROSSED”

A Threshold Crossed

A Threshold CrossedThe 213-page report, “A Threshold Crossed: Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution,” exa…

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Suriname opent ambassade in Jeruzalem/Suriname’s foute steun aan Israel’s annexatie en Apartheidspolitiek

Opgeslagen onder Divers

[Artikel Peter Storm]/#Zerocovid van onderop: zelf in actie tegen de pandemie

Coronavirus, Corona, Virus, Pandemie, Infectie

COVID 19…..
https://covid19.who.int/

#ZEROCOVID VAN ONDEROP; ZELF IN ACTIE TEGEN DE PANDEMIE

WEBSITE PETER STORM

Geplaatst op 17 mei 2022 door egel

dinsdag 17 mei 2022

Het zou zomaar kunnen dat er later dit jaar een nieuwe coronagolf komt. Het zou zomaar kunnen dat er dan weer een lockdown van stal wordt gehaald. Dat maken ‘ziekenhuisdirecteuren, virologen en wetenschappers’ aan de NOS duidelijk. En hoe reageert minister van Volksgezondheid Kuipers? Die kaatst de bal terug en zegt dat de samenleving het vooral lekker zelf mag uitzoeken. Eigen verantwoordelijkheid, nietwaar? Ik stel voor dat we die uitdaging aannemen – en het kabinet een koekje van eigen verantwoordelijkheid geven waar ze niet van terug hebben. Zij in hun ministeries beschermen ons niet? Dan beschermen wij elkaar, tegen dat virus en tegen een staat die ons dat virus door de strot jaagt.

1.

Eerst de genoemde managers en deskundigen. Die vinden dat het kabinet sloom en nalatig is en niet met een fatsoenlijke strategie komt. En bij zo’n volgende golf zou het zomaar kunnen dat de zorg – niet alleen op ICs en ziekenhuizen, maar de hele keten vanaf de huisartsenzorg – het dan echt niet meer aan kan. Personeelstekorten spelen een rol, en veel mensen in de zorg zijn nog helemaal niet bijgekomen van de enorme corona-inspanningen van de laatste twee jaar. Ze pleiten dan ook voor actiever beleid vanuit de overheid.(1)

Wat zegt intussen die overheid? Minister Kuipers erkent dat er een grote nieuwe golf kan komen: ‘We krijgen mogelijk 5 tot 10 miljoen besmettingen in het winterseizoen.’ Welja, en dus mogelijk 50.000 doden bovenop de 40.000 van de afgelopen twee jaar, en mogelijk ook 500.000 mensen met Long COVID erbij. Je zou – als je nog steeds het misplaatste geloof koester dat regeringen er zijn om mensen te beschermen – zeggen dat zo’n vooruitzicht noopt tot een gevoel van urgentie, gevolgd door serieuze maatregelen. Nee hoor.

Dit zegt de minister: ‘Wat ik kan doen is het goed monitoren van het virus’ – wat nu al niet meer gebeurt nu het GGD-testen zo goed als stilgelegd is – ‘zo nodig een nieuwe vaccinatieronde afkondigen’ – terwijl mensen onder de 60 de meest recente booster nog steeds niet krijgen – ‘en de zorg stimuleren om alle maatregelen te nemen.’ En dan: ‘Maar dan is tegelijkertijd de vraag aan de school of de restauranthouder: wat doe je in je eigen omgeving?’ Anders gezegd: de samenleving – wij afzonderlijk en wij samen, waar we werken, wonen, uitgaan of anderszins actief zijn – krijgen de bal toegespeeld.(2)

Mensen reageren met terechte woede op een kabinet dat ons aan dat virus uitlevert. Maar de woede krijgt veelal een verkeerde, bijna goedgelovige vorm. Mensen wijzen er op dat het de wettelijke plicht is van de minister van Volksgezondheid om ons tegen ernstige ziekte te beschermen, dat de minister daarin nalatig is en dus de wet schendt. Dat klopt: de minister schendt precies die wettelijkheid waar ministers zich op zeggen te baseren. Maar dezelfde mensen laten er dan meestal een oproep aan Kuipers om tot inkeer te komen op volgen, of anders een pleidooi voor diens vervanging door een excellentie die wel doet wat de wet voorschrijft: corona bestrijden, ons tegen dat virus beschermen met alle beschikbare middelen.

Ik denk dat dit pleidooi verkeerd is geadresseerd. Wat Kuipers zegt – dat we het zelf maar uit moeten zoeken – is niet diens persoonlijke miskleun. Het is de openlijke verwoording van wat ook Hugo de Jonge al tot beleid had, en wat Rutte twee jaar uitdroeg, van persconferentie naar persconferentie, vele maanden lang. Kuipers zegt het minder omfloerst, en dat schokt mensen. Maar het is vanaf maart 2020 het beleid geweest om zoveel mogelijk virusverspreiding toe te staan, met als enige begrenzing dat de zorg het houdt. Voor zover bescherming tegen al te veel besmetting wenselijk werd gevonden, werd die taak toch vooral bij mensen zelf gelegd. En tja, als wij ons onvoldoende aan De Maatregelen houden, dan kan de regering het verder ook niet helpen…

De regering wil ons dus gewoon niet tegen de pandemie beschermen. Het kabinet kiest dus voor miljoenen besmettingen, honderdduizenden serieus en vaak langdurig zieke mensen en tienduizenden doden, voor zover het aan dat kabinet ligt. Dat maakt dit kabinet, en de loyale staf topambtenaren en experts door wie het zich laat ondersteunen en informeren, tot een een levensgevaarlijk stel machtige mensen. Tot onze dodelijke vijanden dus. Daar een moreel beroep op doen, of vervanging van een van de misdadigers door een geachte collega eisen is misplaatst, naïef of erger.

Wat dan wel? Ik denk dat het tijd is om de woorden van de minister op te pakken, en er een radicale eigen draai aan te geven. Eigen verantwoordelijkheid? Wij moeten het zelf op lossen? De samenleving moet de regie pakken? Uitstekend. Maar dan ook serieus, consistent en op onze eigen autonome voorwaarden. Het sluit aan op pleidooien voor #ZeroCovid van onderop die ik vaker deed. Misschien is het wel meer dan de hoogste tijd om dat pleidooi nog eens te doen en in te vullen, en te voorzien van een oproep om langs deze lijnen ook daadwerkelijk in actie te komen. Bij deze.

2.

Hoe ziet #ZeroCovid van onderop er uit? Het belangrijkste, en tegelijk helemaal niet het moeilijkste is: besmettingen zoveel mogelijk voorkomen, zodat de pandemie uitdooft. Dat kunnen we, en het is feitelijk heel eenvoudig ook.

#ZeroCovid van onderop betekent om te beginnen: mondkapjes! Goede, werkelijk beschermende mondkapjes, en dat is minstens FFP2. Aan ons de eervolle taak om die dingen op te doen waar het druk is. In het OV in ieder geval. In winkels, kantoren, bedrijven, overal waar flinke aantallen mensen vrij dicht bij elkaar verkeren. In het onderwijs, zowel door personeel als door leerlingen. Aan ons ook de taak om dit tot standaard te helpen maken, tot sociale norm. Natuurlijk kunnen we dat zonder van overheidswege opgelegde mondkapjesplicht. We hebben toch ook geen nies-elkaar-niet-in-het-gezicht plicht nodig om elkaar niet in het gezicht te niesen?

Ik pleit er voor om vanaf nu dus gewoon dat ding weer op te zetten als je er de afgelopen maanden gaandeweg mee bent gestopt ‘omdat het niet meer hoefde’. Het hoeft wel, en het is een heel eenvoudig beschermingsmiddel dat echter pas optimaal werkt bij massaal gebruik. Ik bescherm jou met mijn mondkapje, jij beschermt mij met het jouwe. Simpele wederkerigheid is het.

Maar het werkt pas echt goed als ze er via zelforganisatie echt iets gemeenschappelijks van maken. Mensen die als groep met elkaar te maken hebben – collega’s, klasgenoten, studiegenoten, maar ook mensen in vriendengroepen,vaste bezoekers van buurthuizen en kroegen – kunnen onderling afspreken: wij dragen allemaal zo’n mondkapje. We spreken af met elkaar dat onze werkplek zo coronavrij mogelijk is, en dragen volgens die afspraak allemaal een mondkapje. We doen hetzelfde met onze klas, en met de kroeg waar we hetzij werken, hetzij graag aan de bar komen hangen.

En als we het als collega’s samen zo besluiten, dan zetten we de baas voor het blok: wij werken hier alleen als we beschermd zijn tegen corona, dus als iedereen een mondkapje draagt. Iets dergelijks kunnen we natuurlijk ook regelen en afspreken in onze kraakcentra en autonome vrijplaatsen. Daar hebben we dan zelfs geen baas meer om voor welk blok dan ook te zetten. Helemaal eenvoudig, dus.

O ja, en die dingen kosten geld. Het bedrijf of de instelling waar mensen in dienst zijn, mag ze beschikbaar stellen aan het personeel, kosteloos uiteraard. Valt gewoon onder arbeidsvoorwaarden, net als een behoorlijk loon en niet al te schofterige arbeidstijden. Daar kun je als collega’s dus samen voor opkomen en strijden, net zoals voor andere arbeidsvoorwaarden. Een andere manier is dat de staat ze kosteloos ter beschikking stelt, via een netwerk van afhaalpunten en/of door ze thuis te sturen. Zoiets zou een maatschappelijke eis van een #ZeroCovid-campagne kunnen zijn, om stevig actie voor te voeren. Zolang die staat bestaat natuurlijk, en dat is hopelijk niet lang. In het verlengde van deze strijd kan dan een zelfbeheerd netwerk van mondkapjesproductie, -opslag en -distributie de inzet worden, waarbij de rol van staat als leverancier dus is overgenomen door een zelfgeorganiseerde maatschappij zelf. Dat klinkt als de sociale revolutie in actie? Mooi zo, dan begrijp je de strekking van waar ik heen wil. Er zijn zwakkere argumenten voor zo’n revolutie dan een levensbedreigende ziekte die door het systeem en haar machthebbers in de hand wordt gewerkt.

#ZeroCovid van onderop betekent op de tweede plaats: vechten voor ventilatie! In tegenstelling tot mondkapjes kunnen we hier nauwelijks individueel een begin mee maken. Instellingen en bedrijven zullen dat dienen te regelen, en daar dienen we ze toe aan te zetten. Het is iets om als collega’s, klas/studiegenoten, vaste bezoekers van bijvoorbeeld een horecafaciliteit gezamenlijk naar voren te brengen: wij werken/ leren/ komen hier alleen als de ventilatie aantoonbaar op orde is, en als we dat ook kunnen controleren met bijvoorbeeld CO2-meters.

In het verlengde hiervan liggen drukmiddelen, tot en met stakingen, om tegenstribbelende bedrijfsleidingen en directies te bewegen om die ventilatie op orde te krijgen. Een vastbesloten weigering om in een atmosfeer te werken waar de lucht vol zit met gevaarlijk virus is net zo logisch als een weigering om te werken in een gebouw waar elk moment het dak op je hoofd kan neerkomen. De rekening voor die ventilatie? Die kan naar het bedrijf of instelling, en als die het niet ‘kan’ ophoesten, dan gaan ze maar naar Kuipers en zijn ministerie dat verder toch niets te doen heeft nu het de verantwoordelijkheid van zich af heeft geschoven. Wij gaan geen pandemie betalen die ons van hogerhand opgedrongen.

Het is allemaal een kwestie van collectieve zelfbescherming. Maar het is tegelijk ook een manier waarop de verspreiding van corona serieus wordt tegengewerkt, en dient om die reden ook actief en offensief te worden nagestreefd. Het gaat er niet enkel om dat we zelf geen corona krijgen. Het gaat erom dat we samen dat virus steeds verder de samenleving uit duwen door besmetting maximaal tegen te werken. Het is iets waar we geen ministerie van volksgezondheid voor nodig hebben. Actieve zelfgeorganiseerde solidariteit en wederkerigheid, op basis van adequate informatie, volstaat ruimschoots. Voor informatie kunnen we al evenmin op de overheid bouwen als voor bescherming. Het RIVM hult zich in onduidelijkheden en is als instituut volstrekt door de mand gevallen wegens haar inadequate voorlichting. Gelukkig is er Containment Nu, een platform dat al ruim twee jaar zeer relevante en kritische informatie beschikbaar maakt, over de coronastrategie van het kabinet, maar ook over wat je zelf ter bescherming kunt doen.(3)

Als desondanks besmettingen om zich heen grijpen, door een ultra-besmettelijke variant waar zelfs massaal mondkapjes dragen en goed geventileerde ruimtes maar zeer gedeeltelijk tegen beschermen, wat dan? Gaan we dan wachten op, of zelfs roepen om, een lockdown – wederom opgelegd door precies degenen die onze gezondheid hooguit als bijzaak beschouwen en er een loopje mee nemen? Nergens voor nodig. Voor zover een lockdown enig nuttig effect heeft, zit dat in het tegengaan van ontmoetingen tussen mensen, en dus van besmettingsmogelijkheden. Maar daar krijg je dus akelige staatsdwang bij, en daarmee weerzin tegen het beleid, en daarmee meer voedingsbodem voor rechts gestook van corona-ontkenners onder de vlag van valse vrijheid.

Ik zoek de voordelen van lockdowns zonder die repressieve en rechts in de kaart spelende nadelen ervan. Ik zoek dus een anti-autoritaire en solidaire manier om besmettingen actief te dwarsbomen. Die is te vinden ook, en staat onder anarchisten als ik bekend als Algemene Staking. Als besmettingen weer uit de hand lopen, dan zijn fabrieken en kantoren, scholen, bedrijven, magazijnen en noem maar op plekken waar mensen elkaar kunnen besmetten en dus plekken om te mijden. Dan stoppen we dus maar beter met het werk dat daar verricht wordt. Dan gaan we niet meer in treinen en bussen en metro’s zitten ook. Dan gaan kinderen maar beter ook niet naar school. Dan blijven we thuis, voor een deel wellicht om daar ons werk voort te zetten. Maar waar de aard van het werk dat onmogelijk maakt, leggen we dat werk echt neer zolang het gevaar niet is geweken. Geen lockdown die ons van hogerhand wordt opgelegd, maar een shutdown die ze zelf op gang brengen van onderop.

Alweer: de rekening gaat naar bedrijf of instelling, we eisen natuurlijk doorbetaling. Bedrijven die dat niet op weten te hoesten gaan maar lobbyen voor compensatie door het kabinet. Terwijl bedrijven jammeren over de kosten, zetten wij ons solidair in om elkaar en feitelijk de hele samenleving te beschermen tegen een akelige pandemie. Dat is het gezicht van #ZeroCovid van onderop: actieve, strijdbare solidariteit. We kunnen die natuurlijk ook een stap verder trekken en een scenario nastreven waarin mensen die er werken de complete zeggenschap en beschikbare middelen in al die bedrijven en instellingen samen naar zich toetrekken, zodat mensen echt kunnen doen wat ze nodig vinden om elkaar gezond en in leven te houden. Revolutie tegen pandemie wederom, dus.

De solidariteit vergt nog wel meer. Thuisblijven is een stuk makkelijker in een ruime woning in een middenklasse-buurt vol groen dan in een wijk met te kleine, gehorige woningen waar heel veel arme mensen in moeten overleven. Thuisblijven is voor mensen in een onveilige thuissituatie – waar mishandeling en misbruik een concreet gevaar is bijvoorbeeld – al helemaal niet zomaar te doen.

Solidariteit vergt dan ook dat we voorzieningen organiseren waar mensen opgevangen worden die thuis niet veilig kunnen verblijven. Waar geen les meer wordt gegeven, waar het werk stilligt, daar zijn zulke voorzieningen in de dan leegstaande gebouwen best te regelen zolang we ze niet weer – onveilig – volproppen met mensen. Kleinschalige kinderopvang zal ook nodig zijn als de scholen stilliggen. Waar eigenaren en bestuurders van school- en instellingsgebouwen niet meewerken en de toegang blokkeren, daar helpt wellicht een koevoet, een hamer en krakers als ervaringsdeskundigen om die werktuigen te helpen hanteren. Alweer: actieve, strijdbare solidariteit is ons wapen.

Shutdown, algemene staking, revolutie? Het klinkt allemaal wellicht weinig reëel. Het zijn grote woorden, en wie gaat dat allemaal doen? Het aardige van #ZeroCovid van onderop is echter dat je klein en in je eigen omgeving kunt beginnen. Een paar collega’s, klas- of studiegenoten kunnen een kleine actiegroep beginnen om het mondkapjes dragen op hun werk, school of instelling te promoten. Vaste bezoekers van een kroeg kunnen het barpersoneel aanspreken om zich vervolgens samen hard te maken voor adequate ventilatie. Stickers met #ZeroCovid from below: mondkapje op! – ik noem maar iets, betere suggesties welkom – zijn zo ontworpen, gemaakt… en gezellig geplakt, waar ze nodig zijn en ook waar dat niet mag. Ook rond het verspreiden van zulk materiaal kun je je actieve zichzelf vormende groepjes mensen voorstellen. Actiegroepjes kunnen elkaar gaan ondersteunen, met informatie en daadkracht. Een website met info en vooral ook actietips en actienieuws van en voor zulke actiegroepen is te doen en vergt geen mega-inspanning. Voor je het weet zijn er sociale media-accounts om het #ZeroCovid van onderop-geluid verder te verbreiden. Dan rolt de bal.

Zaak is nu om… het balletje eerst maar eens aan het rollen te krijgen. Waarom wachten tot we in de volgende golf zitten en de overheid ons weer met een vervelende lockdown heeft opgezadeld omdat tijdig ingrijpen van hogerhand werd nagelaten en van onderop niet werd geprobeerd?

Noten:

1 Sander Zurhake, Robert Kosters, ‘Door uitblijven coronastrategie kot lockdown weer in beeld’, NOS, 16 mei 2022, https://nos.nl/artikel/2429004-door-uitblijven-coronastrategie-komt-lockdown-weer-in-beeld

2 ‘Ook samenleving zelf moet zich voorbereiden op nieuwe coronagolf, zegt Kuipers’, NOS, 16 mei 2022, https://nos.nl/artikel/2429077-ook-samenleving-zelf-moet-zich-voorbereiden-op-nieuwe-coronagolf-zegt-kuipers

3 Containment Nu: https://www.containmentnu.nl/

Peter Storm

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor [Artikel Peter Storm]/#Zerocovid van onderop: zelf in actie tegen de pandemie

Opgeslagen onder Divers

The International Red Cross, the Ukrainian refugees and the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus/Do you treat them with equal attention, Red Cross?

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists

The Massini family from Syria, father Muhammad (second left), mother Alaa (centre) and their two sons, with activists. Photograph: Wojtek Radwański/AFP/Getty Images
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/07/on-the-frozen-frontiers-of-europe-with-the-migrants-caught-in-a-lethal-game

Fallen tree in the Białowieża Forest

Bialowieza National Park in Poland0029.JPG
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bia%C5%82owie%C5%BCa_Forest

REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS

War of Russia against Ukraine. War refugees in Ukraine. KYIV, UKRAINE - Mar. 05, 2022: War of Russia against Ukraine. Women, old people and children evacuated stock images

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS, UKRAINIAN REFUGEES AND REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN POLAND AND BELARUS/DO YOU TREAT THEM WITH EQUAL ATTENTION, INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS?

ASTRID ESSED LETTER!

TO 

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

PRESIDENT AND ASSEMBLY

Subject:

Questions about the International Red Cross attitude against

Ukrainian refugees versus refugees trapped between Belarus and

Poland

Your mission as International Red Cross

The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes – and those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.

https://www.icrc.org/en/who-we-are/mandate

[When you are pressed with time, go directly to the part below:

”QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS”]

Dear President

Dear members of the Assembly,

Firstly my great appreciation for your fantastic and indispensable Work

through the whole world!

Without your humanitarian involvement and the sometimes great risks

your co workers take, life would be extremely difficult, if not impossible,

for the millions of people you are helping day after day.

But even the best of organisations need critical attention and have their 

flaws and that’s precisely the reason of this letter.

For in my opinion the International Red Cross attention for the Ukrainian

refugees, who have crossed the Polish Border is far more greater than the attention for the refugees, who tried to cross the Polish Border and are still trapped between the borders of Poland and Belarus.

Now I will not say, that the International Red Cross did nothing for these refugees.

On the contrary:

My great appreciation for the Good Work of the Finnish Red Cross, that 

helped those people wonderfully! [1]

I also appreciate the emergency calls and involvement

of the American Red Cross, The Belarus Red Cross, the Poland Red Cross,

the Lithuanian Red Cross and the other Red Cross departments [2]

Thank you, Finnish Red Cross [which gets this letter cc also]

and thank you, the other mentioned and peerhaps not mentioned Red Cross departments !

Also a Shout out to all those anonymous Polish people,

who helped refugees! [3]

And I express my appreciation to the president of the International

Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies mr F Rocca, who

stated, that thee should be no difference in the reception and protection

of refugees, whether they are Ukrainians or coming from other countries.

I quote him:

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,”and

“This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.” [4]

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES VERSUS REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN

POLAND AND BELARUS

I referred to the great attention of the International Red Cross to the Ukrainian

refugees [5] and don’t get me wrong:

I appreciate that very much and I think it is of the utmost importance to stand

for these people, who were the victims of the Russian invasion and had to flee their countries under so dramatic circumstances.

I sympathise with all refugees whoever they are and where they came from

and I know the International Red Cross does the same.

And yet, according to me, sometimes things go wrong.

Too often I learn from people from the field: Volunteers who do their utmost

to help those. who are trapped between the borders of Belarus and Poland, that

the Red Cross is not, or not enough, present to help the between border refugees”:

I quote something that made great impression on me:

It’s from mrs Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority

Right Group [also mentioned in cc] and member of the Grupa Granica:

Quote: [first in Dutch, then translation in English]:

”Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? ” [6]

In English:

”Where is the Red Cross, The International Organisation for Migration

of the UN and the UNHCR? 

Those organisations which even operate in warzones?

Which bring food and water to the most dangerous criminals?

Is Elina, 5, more dangerous and worth less?

Mrs Albot also published this article in the Guardian [8 december 2021]

QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

This was in december 2021

And to my knowledge, the situation of the refugees, trapped

in the Polish-Belarussian border is yet inhuman, as is the

situation of the refugees, who reached Poland and are in

Polish detention centres in dire conditions.

See the statement of Amnesty International [7]

Now I had the impression, that on this moment, the main attention

of the International Cross goes to the Ukrainian refugees and that the

trapped refugees between Poland and Belarus are somewhat forgotten.

When I am wrong, please send me the information about

your involvement in the no one land between those borders.

When I am NOT wrong, please explain to me, why the International

Red Cross shows less attention to those refugees:

Are you being hindered in your activities, something volunteers have experienced in the past months? [8]

And if that’s so, what did you do, as an International Organisation, to

address to this situation?

Did you write to the Polish and Belarussian authorities?

Did you gave press conferences about this?

Did you try to visit the Polish detention centres, where, according to the

information of Amnesty International, the border refugees are being

mistreated and denied their right to asylum? [9]

If not, why not?

Because you are hindered in your activities?

And again the question:

If you are hindered in your activities, what did you do to protest and get access anyway, as

is your right and obligation as the International Red Cross?

And when, suppose you HAD access to the mentioned detention centres and

were not hindered in your activities, why did you give more attention

to the Ukrainian refugees then to those trapped between Belarus and

Poland.

Again, I don’t say you on purpose neglected those between borders refugees, I only had the impression more attention went to the Ukrainian refugees, who have, of course, the full right to your attention, only not more then

others.

EPILOGUE

Dear president, members of the International Red Cross, I hope you

forgive me my bold and critical questions, but they were necessary:

Like Amnesty International [10] I am very concerned about the

inhuman situation of the refugees between the border, as their reception in

Poland, that is quite different from the warm welcome

the Ukrainian refugees received, as it should be for all refugees.

You as a great humanitarian organisation can make the difference and

show the World and especially the European leaders, that all refugees 

must be treated and received humanely, regardless where they came from

or what their origins are.

Do your best.

The refugees count on you!

And if you’re pressed with time and can’t answer me, no problem

All I want is that you do your humanitarian task to all refugees,

whoever they are

Thank you

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

THE FINISH RED CROSS

THE RED CROSS IS HELPING MIGRANTS STRUGGLING IN

DANGEROUS CONDITIONS AT THE EU’S EASTERN BORDER

24 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.redcross.fi/news/2021/the-red-cross-is-helping-migrants-struggling-in-dangerous-conditions-at-the-eus-eastern-border/

The situation of migrants trying to enter the EU at the border of Poland, Lithuania and Belarus is alarming. Thousands of migrants have been stuck on the border region since early autumn. The situation of people sleeping without shelter is expected to worsen as the winter approaches.

The Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian Red Cross organisations are helping migrants at the borders by distributing food, clean water, hygiene supplies, clothes and blankets and by offering essential health care.

The health of the people sleeping rough is at continuous risk. At least 10 people are known to have died. Among them, a 14-year-old boy who died of hypothermia.

“There are hundreds of children at the border, many of whom have been separated from their families. The are also pregnant women and disabled people among the migrants. Their situation is worsening by the hour as the crisis drags on and nights become colder,” says the Director of International Operations at the Finnish Red Cross Tiina Saarikoski.

“All states are obliged to ensure that humanitarian aid gets through to its target. People have the right to necessary protection, care and safety, regardless of whether they are granted the right to stay in the country or not.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross helps migrants establish contact with their family members. 

The Finnish Red Cross maintains preparedness for large-scale migration as part of its continuous readiness. As agreed with the authorities, the Red Cross is permanently prepared to establish and maintain reception centres and temporary accommodation units at the request of the authorities.

The Finnish Red Cross has not received official requests in relation to the situation in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. 
 
“The most important thing right now is to deliver necessary aid to the migrants in unsafe conditions and allow humanitarian operators to provide aid,” Saarikoski emphasises. 

[2]

AMERICAN RED CROSS

THOUSANDS AT BELARUS BORDER IN NEED

OF HUMANITARIAN AID

https://www.redcross.org/about-us/news-and-events/news/2021/thousands-at-belarus-border-in-need-of-humanitarian-aid.html

November 15, 2021

The Red Cross is urgently providing relief efforts as thousands of people risk their lives in freezing conditions along the Belarus-Poland border. At least 10 people have died and an estimated 2,000 people are living in makeshift camps near the border between Belarus and neighboring countries Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) urges unhindered access to the border be provided to help the men, women and children risking their lives for a safer future. 

Belarus Red Cross has been coordinating aid from partners since last week, distributing food, water, blankets and warm clothes. Staff and volunteers are involved in a continuous response to the situation, sorting and distributing packages, as well as helping authorities set up heating tents for women and children. Assistance was also provided for three children who were hospitalized.

“We are concerned about the increasingly serious situation on the Poland-Belarus border, after large groups of migrants arrived there on November 8. We call for access for the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations so that all people in need, at the border and other locations, can receive medical treatment, humanitarian assistance and protection services,” said Andreas von Weissenberg, IFRC Europe’s head of Disasters, Climate and Crises.

“While Belarus Red Cross has thankfully been given some access to provide vital life-saving aid to people enduring hunger and freezing conditions, we need that access to be regular and also get access on the other side of the border. People need to be treated humanely,” von Weissenberg said.

The Polish Red Cross has been responding to this crisis for several weeks, delivering blankets, sleeping bags and clothes. Local branches are supporting migrants in provinces near the border with food, water and hygiene kits, as well as providing first aid and helping people trace family members.

Lithuanian Red Cross teams have also been supporting migrants close to the border with water, hygiene kits, footwear and clothing, as well as toys for children. In five large reception centers, volunteers provide food and other humanitarian aid, offer psychological support and legal assistance and help people reconnect with their loved ones by providing mobile phones and SIM cards.

IFRC is in the process of providing the Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross with emergency funding to support the migrants with food, clothes, hygiene items, first aid and family reunification services.

“Humanitarian organizations must be granted unconditional and safe access to all people in need, irrespective of their legal status. People are crossing the border with just the clothes on their backs. They need food, medicine, hygiene items, clothing, and protective equipment against COVID-19. We must be allowed to deliver critical assistance and we want to see a peaceful, humane and rights-based solution to the situation,” von Weissenberg concluded. 

[3]

24/7  NEWS BULLETIN

IT’S HEART BREAKING: HOW POLISH VOLUNTEERS

RESCUE POVERTY STRICKEN MIGRANTS AT

THE BELARUSIAN BORDER

11 NOVEMBER 2021

While the official Warsaw refuses to let in the migrants who have accumulated on the Belarusian border, not wanting to recognize them as refugees, many Poles express a desire to help people in difficult situations.

In the Polish media, you can see lists of various NGOs that are involved in helping migrants, as well as talk about ways to help them. One of the most popular is called a financial donation, but it is also suggested to become a volunteer working with refugees. The monetary contributions are spent on humanitarian transportation, shelter, medical and legal assistance, and integration with the host society.

“You don’t have to be at the border to help refugees,” writes Gazeta Wyborcza. “We can’t do much on this issue, but here’s exactly what we can: offer a blanket, a sleeping bag or waterproof clothing.”

Among the organizations that help refugees and migrants, mention is made, for example, of Caritas Polska, which carries out humanitarian aid campaigns both in Poland and abroad. This organization operates centers for refugees and migrants in Szczecin, Kalisz and Warsaw, providing systematic assistance in the field of intercultural integration, career counseling, psychological and legal assistance, classes in community centers and educational packages. Since the beginning of the current migration crisis at the Polish-Belarusian border, Caritas Polska has been organizing humanitarian transfers to centers where foreigners arrive, providing migrants with food, detergents, hygiene items, and blankets.

Helping migrants and the Polish Red Cross collecting material gifts for aid packages for migrants. Donations are accepted at Red Cross offices throughout Poland. Currently, the most in demand are: jackets, sweaters, thick socks, warm shoes, hats, scarves, blankets and sleeping bags. At the same time, clothes and shoes must be new or used, but in good condition. High-energy products are accepted (bars, chocolate, dried fruits), as well as other food products (pies and other canned poultry, canned fish, crackers, waffles, etc.).

The Polish non-governmental humanitarian organization Grupa Granica, which monitors the situation on the Polish-Belarusian border, believes that refugees need to be rescued as soon as possible. Indeed, if the Polish border police finds injured migrants before doctors, they send them back to Belarus, explaining this step by the fact that their health condition may deteriorate at any time, and the risk of death in such conditions is great.

The Guardian tells how 15 Iraqi Kurds ended up in the forests of the Polish village of Narewka after they managed to cross the border of Belarus and the European Union. All migrants had early signs of hypothermia. One woman could hardly walk. They had no choice but to turn to volunteers for help. A team from Grupa Granica, before the border guards, found migrants who found themselves in completely extreme conditions. It was already starting to get dark, and the temperature dropped to almost zero degrees. Volunteers distributed blankets and hot tea to people.

After some time, the police arrived in the forest. Up to this point, volunteers have explained to the frozen migrants how to properly apply for asylum.

“We have about eight teams operating near the border and a total of about 40 people,” Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority Rights Group and member of Grupa Granica, told The Guardian. – Whenever we receive calls from migrant families, we send a request to our teams and check who is closest to the place. People often ask for food, water, a doctor, or clothing. The other day I met a Syrian family who didn’t even have shoes. ”

Anna Chmielewska, coordinator of the Center for Assistance to Foreigners in Warsaw, noted that “it is difficult to work in the border zone for several reasons”. First, the Polish police stop the cars of the volunteers a few kilometers before the Kuznitsa checkpoint on the Polish-Belarusian border. The fact is that three kilometers from the border begins the territory on which the state of emergency is in force, so access to it is prohibited.

“We cannot get into this zone and help the people who are there,” she added. “Only local residents can do this.” According to her, volunteers only have the opportunity to contact migrants only when they can pass the border zone: “But not everyone succeeds in doing this. Winter is coming and people are not ready to stay outside in the cold day after day. We are afraid that bad weather will lead to more deaths. It’s heartbreaking for us. “

In addition, the activist said that border police officers often behave quite aggressively. “We are not doing anything illegal, but they make us feel like we are violators,” Khmelevska said. “Helping people is okay. But in the current situation we seem to be engaged in secret activities. “

According to a representative of another non-governmental Polish organization, Medycy na granicy (Doctors at the Border – MK), border guards periodically obstruct the provision of medical assistance to migrants.

On their official Facebook page, the volunteers reported that before going on another call, they found that the ambulance’s wheels had been deflated. In addition, the doctors found “people in uniform” at the service car, and an olive-colored car with registration numbers beginning with the letters denoting the off-road vehicles of the Polish army stood nearby, the report said.

The doctors added that they tried to talk to the people sitting in the car, but they left almost immediately. Then they turned to the Ministry of National Defense of Poland with a request to “urgently provide clarification regarding this shameful incident.”

The department gave a response almost immediately. “The soldiers of the Polish army have no relation to the damage to the ambulance at the border,” the ministry’s press service informed. “They have much more serious questions than the denial of fake news in the media space.”

At the same time, such situations do not lead volunteers astray. They continue to provide assistance to refugees. On their social networks, doctors posted a post in five languages – English, French, Arabic, Persian and Kurdish – with the following content: “If you or someone from your family needs any humanitarian or medical assistance on the Polish-Belarusian border, write US. We will connect you with the right people. “

Those wishing to help migrants have to face not only opposition from the authorities. After one of the theaters in the city of Legnica began collecting gifts for refugees on the Polish-Belarusian border, it was attacked by haters on the Internet. “But there are more people willing to help,” says one of the initiators of the action.

In this regard, Polish volunteers are pleased to know that activists from Germany are trying to help migrants stranded on the Polish-Belarusian border. According to the Polish Internet resource Oko.press, a group of German volunteers came to Poland to deliver parcels for refugees to local organizations, show solidarity with immigrants and protest against the actions of the Polish authorities and the inaction of German politicians.

“We have free seats on the bus,” says one of the activists Ruben Neugebauer. “We could take people who need help with us. If only the German government would agree to this … We call on the German authorities to create humanitarian corridors on the Polish-Belarusian border. This should be one of the priorities of the government that is currently being formed in Germany. “

.

Source From: MK

[4]

IFRC PRESIDENT: ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY SHOULD NOT

BE DECIDING FACTORS IN SAVING LIVES

16 MAY 2022/PRESS RELEASE

https://www.ifrc.org/press-release/ifrc-president-ethnicity-and-nationality-should-not-be-deciding-factors-saving-lives

New York / Geneva, 16 May 2022 – President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Francesco Rocca calls on states to step up to their responsibility to save lives, no matter where people are from, ahead of the first review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM).

Mr Rocca says: “When I was in Marrakech for the adoption of the GCM I made a statement that the world’s approach to migration is painfully broken – but that the GCM can fix it. As we begin the first review of the progress made since then, I am sad to say that this has not been the case so far. Not enough changes to policies and practices to ensure safe and dignified migration have taken place, and many more lives have been lost due to that failure to act.”

On the world’s deadliest sea migration route, the central Mediterranean, the number of deaths has in fact increased since the GCM was signed. The Ocean Viking ship, operated by SOS Mediterranée with IFRC providing humanitarian services on board, saves people in distress on this route.

“We need to carry out this work as state-coordinated search and rescue is absent in the area,” says Mr Rocca. “Our teams have already saved 1,260 people in the nine months we’ve been operating.”

The Ocean Viking is one of the 330 Humanitarian Service Points (HSPs) in 45 countries that supports the ambitions of the GCM, providing assistance and protection to people on the move irrespective of status and without fear of reprisal. The Romanian Red Cross implements HSPs in Bucharest to support people fleeing Ukraine, providing information, food, water, hygiene items and financial assistance, while the Hungarian Red Cross has been operating a HSP at the Keleti railway station 24/7 to welcome people arriving from Ukraine by train with information, food, hygiene items and baby care products.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian Red Cross Society has implemented HSPs at the border with Venezuela, offering essential services like healthcare, while Libyan Red Crescent volunteers have provided support to migrants and displaced people, operating HSPs that provided access to information, food, and other necessities, as well as restoring family links services.

At the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF), the IFRC is calling for individual and collective efforts on search and rescue; ensuring access to essential services for migrants regardless of status; scaling up support to people affected of climate related displacement; and the inclusion of migrants in all aspects of society and decision making.

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,” says Mr Rocca. “This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.”

[5]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS AND THE UKRAINE

https://www.icrc.org/en/humanitarian-crisis-ukraine

IFRC SCALES UP CASH ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE IMPACTED

BY CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

23 MAY 2022

https://www.ifrc.org/article/ifrc-scales-cash-assistance-people-impacted-conflict-ukraine

Three months into the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has distributed financial assistance totalling more than 4.3 million Swiss francs to thousands of people on the move.

IFRC Head of Emergency Operations for the Ukraine response, Anne Katherine Moore, said:

“The longer the conflict continues, the greater the needs become. The cost of basic necessities, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, is rising. Increases in the cost of fuel and apartment rentals are also being reported. Millions of people have lost their jobs and their savings are dwindling. Through a new mobile app, we have been able to ramp up our support to help people facing these financial challenges.”

The new technology makes it possible for the IFRC and responding National Societies to reach people at scale and to deliver cash assistance digitally. Successfully introduced in Romania, the mobile app allows refugees to self-register for assistance online, negating the need and cost involved of having to travel to a central location.

The app will soon be expanded to Poland and Slovakia, where cash assistance is already being provided through more traditional methods such as in-person registration, as well as Ukraine and other neighbouring countries.

“This is the fastest we have ever delivered cash at this scale. It has the potential to be a game-changer for our work not just in this response, but also in future operations,” Moore continued.

Cash assistance is a dignified and efficient way to support people impacted by the conflict, allowing them to purchase items specific to their individual needs, while also supporting local economies. It is one part of our integrated and wide-ranging Red Cross and Red Crescent response to the conflict that also includes the provision of health care, first aid, psychosocial support and the distribution of basic household necessities.

Speaking about next steps, Moore said: “There is no short-term solution to the needs of the more than 14 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. We know that even if the conflict was to end tomorrow, rebuilding and recovery will take years. People have lost their homes, their livelihoods, and access to timely healthcare. The IFRC, in support of local National Red Cross Societies in the region, will be there helping people now, and in the months and years to come.”

During the past three months:
  • Together, we have reached more than 2.1 million people with life-saving aid within Ukraine and in surrounding countries. This is 1 in 10 people who had to flee their homes because of the conflict.
  • Along the travel routes within and outside Ukraine, we’ve set up 142 Humanitarian Service Points in 15 countries to provide those fleeing with a safe environment. There, they receive essential services like food, hygiene items, blankets, clothing water, first aid, psychosocial support, information, and financial assistance.
  • In total, we distributed 2.3 million kilograms of aid.
  • 71,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers are responding to the crisis.

IFRCUKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

https://www.ifrc.org/emergency/ukraine-and-impacted-countries

Due to the conflict escalation in Ukraine, millions of people have left their homes and crossed into neighbouring countries. The Ukrainian Red Cross is helping people affected by the conflict as the security situation allows. National Societies in surrounding countries, with support from the IFRC, are assisting people leaving Ukraine with shelter, basic aid items and medical supplies. People from Ukraine will need long-term, ongoing support. Our priority is addressing the humanitarian needs of all people affected by the conflict, inside and outside Ukraine.

IFRC

UKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

EMERGENCY APPEAL

12 APRIL 2022

file:///C:/Users/Essed/Downloads/MGR65002ea1.pdf

[6]

FACEBOOK THE REFUGEE CIRCLE

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1172370492773108/

Saskia van Rees

 

8 dec 2021, door Anna Albot in the Guardian. Zij is met in Narewka, Polen, vlakbij de grens met Wit-Rusland.

Het helpen van vluchtelingen die verhongeren in de ijzige grensbossen van Polen is illegaal, maar het is niet de echte misdaad

Eén gedachte gaat constant door mijn hoofd: “Ik heb kinderen thuis, ik kan niet de cel in, ik kan niet de cel in.” De politiek ligt buiten mijn bereik of dat van de slachtoffers aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland. Die gaat erom dat de vertrekkende Duitse kanselier Angela Merkel doordringt tot Alexander Loekasjenko, de president van Wit-Rusland. Het is ironisch dat deze grens meer dan 50 mediaploegen op de been heeft gebracht, maar Polen de enige plaats in de EU is waar journalisten niet vrijuit kunnen rapporteren.

Ondertussen nadert de strenge Noord-Europese winter en bevriezen mijn vingers in de donkere sneeuwnachten.

De grenssituatie laat de kloof zien tussen wat legaal is en wat moreel is. Hij beheerst de inspanningen van degenen die levens redden. Het enige wat wij, activisten in de bossen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland, kunnen doen is water, voedsel en kleding naar wanhopige mensen brengen. Maar deze fundamentele humanitaire daad, kan alleen in het geheim worden uitgevoerd. We moeten ons verstoppen en door de bossen sluipen. De aandacht trekken van grenswachten, politie of leger zou een nieuwe pushback kunnen forceren.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou … Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen.

Ik heb verschillende groepen tussen de bomen ontmoet: gezinnen, moeders met kinderen, vaders met gehandicapte kinderen, ouderen en mensen uit de meest kwetsbare groepen ter wereld – etnisch, religieus en LGBTQ+. Ze zochten vrijheid, maar werden sinds augustus tot nu, december, vijf, tien en zelfs vijftien keer teruggedreven naar Wit-Rusland.

Tijdens mijn nachtelijke tochten ben ik uitgerust met een grote rugzak vol thermoskannen warme soep, sokken, laarzen, jassen, handschoenen, sjaals, mutsen, pleisters, medicijnen en powerbanks. Ik loop in het donker en verschuil me achter bomen als ik helikopters hoor of de felle lichten van de politie zie. Ik hoor het geplons van de soep in de kannen op mijn rug, ik hoor mijn kortademigheid – niemand heeft me geleerd om te sluipen en onzichtbaar te zijn als een beroepsmilitair. Ik heb jarenlang voor mensenrechten gewerkt, de meeste EU-grenzen en vluchtelingenkampen bezocht, maar ik was nooit bang om takken onder mijn voeten te laten kraken of voor het ritselen van de bomen boven mijn hoofd terwijl ik me voortbeweeg.

Uit persoonlijke verhalen en bewijzen verzameld door Minority Rights Group International en collega’s van Grupa Granica, een alliantie van 14 Poolse maatschappelijke organisaties die reageren op de crisis, weten we dat er minstens 5.000 mensen in de bossen zijn geweest en dat er momenteel minstens 1.000 zijn. We hebben met iedereen contact gehad: wanhopige slachtoffers van een walgelijk machtsspel tussen staten.

Elke keer dat we reageren op een telefoontje van iemand in nood, of hun moeder die nog in Irak of Afghanistan is, of een neef in Berlijn, hangen we onze rugzakken om en gaan. Dag en nacht – lang nadat de wereld zijn interesse heeft verloren. Soms zijn we uren op zoek naar mensen. Die veranderen voor de veiligheid vaak van locatie. Soms zijn bejaarde grootmoeders of de kleine kinderen die geen energie meer hebben om te lopen, gestrand in Poolse moerassen. Nu de bossen bedekt zijn met sneeuw en mensen ons niet kunnen bellen omdat hun telefoons zijn vernietigd door het Poolse leger, gebruiken we infrarood camera’s.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou, wanhopig verzwakt na weken in het ijzige, natte bos. Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen. Ik had geen idee wat honger betekende. Ik gaf mijn kinderen wel eens een stuk chocola als ze klaagden voor het eten. Ik heb armoedestatistieken en geschiedenisboeken gelezen. Ik wist niets van honger.

Mensen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland hebben al weken niet gegeten. Om de paar dagen krijgen ze, als ze geld hebben, misschien een oude aardappel van een Wit-Russische soldaat na een gewelddadige pushback over het prikkeldraad. Die delen ze met de kinderen. Ze hebben dagenlang niets te drinken. Of drinken moeras- of regenwater, dat maagkrampen en een verlammende hoofdpijn veroorzaakt, waardoor ze verder verzwakken.

We wensen hen het beste aan het einde van onze ontmoeting. Voor een paar dagen voldoende voedsel en water achterlaten is onmogelijk: niemand heeft de kracht om zoveel te dragen. We kunnen geen mensen meenemen of naar een veilige plek brengen. Dat zou een strafbaar feit zijn. Maar het is geen misdaad om deze mensen langzaam dood te laten gaan…

Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? Ze heeft epilepsie, maar geen medicijnen. Ik ontmoette haar in het bos met negen andere Koerden, allemaal zonder laarzen. Ze hebben thuis oorlogen en luchtaanvallen overleefd, maar kunnen in het Poolse bos doodvriezen. Bij elke pushback pakken Poolse en Wit-Russische officieren alles af: geld, kleding en schoeisel.

Er was de groep van negen vrouwen uit de Democratische Republiek Congo, waarschijnlijk verhandeld. Toen ik ze de situatie uitlegde, huilden en huilden ze maar. Of de Yezidi-zussen, die zeven jaar geleden ontsnapten aan de genocide in Sinjar, Irak, maar nog steeds op zoek zijn naar een veilige plek. Of de jongens uit Jemen, die perfect Engels spreken. Of de drie homoseksuele mannen uit Iran, wanhopig om niet teruggestuurd te worden naar Wit-Russische soldaten.

We blijven contact houden. Als ze erin slagen hun telefoons te verbergen, kunnen we communiceren na een pushback. Ze delen foto’s en video’s van Wit-Russische honden. Laten me bijtwonden zien als we elkaar aan de Poolse kant ontmoeten. Zij huilen. Ze vragen om advies. Ze willen hun familie niet vertellen over hun benarde situatie, maar ze hebben iemand nodig om mee te praten.

“De vijfde pushback. Na de zesde pleeg ik zelfmoord.”

“Ik heb mijn zoon verloren, hij heeft astma. De laatste keer dat hij belde was drie dagen geleden. Weet je waar hij is?”

“Wanneer ben je hier? Heb je water? Al is het een druppel?”

Onderworpen aan een desinformatiecampagne krijgen de vluchtelingen tegenstrijdige berichten van Wit-Russische diensten, die formulieren verspreiden over de vestiging in Polen of Duitsland. Dit schept hoop op een veilige reis. Maar het echte doel is om ze aan de Poolse grens neer te zetten om druk uit te oefenen op de EU. Sommige verontrustende berichten suggereren dat migranten worden gedwongen om deel te nemen aan geweld als onderdeel van Wit-Russische pogingen om Poolse functionarissen te provoceren.

Met het risico van een escalatie van geweld willen wij, de activisten in de bossen, de wereld eraan herinneren dat vluchtelingen geen agressors zijn. Ze zijn gijzelaars van het regime van Loekasjenko, dat hen voor zijn agenda gebruikt.

Polen sturen me berichten: “Waar moet ik warme en donkere kleding naartoe sturen?” “Hoe is de situatie aan de grens? De media laten ons alleen video’s zien van het Poolse ministerie of de Wit-Russische autoriteiten.” “Ik huil als ik mijn kinderen in bed stop. Schrijf alsjeblieft iets dat kan helpen.”

Dunja Mijatović, de commissaris voor mensenrechten van de Raad van Europa, verbleef vier dagen in Polen en ging met ons mee het veld in. Ze zei: “De grootste kracht van de hulpbeweging voor vluchtelingen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland zijn de inwoners van de naburige steden – in de noodzone en ernaast. Het is hun compassie en empathie die het leven van mensen in het bos verlengt. Hun moed en onbaatzuchtigheid. Hun goedheid redt levens.”

Anderen zien het natuurlijk anders: mensen die aan de grens helpen zijn “vijanden van de natie”, “agenten van Loekasjenko”, “schuldig aan het vernietigen van Europese waarden”, “het uitnodigen van terroristen hier”.

We maken ons schuldig aan het achterlaten van pakken water in het bos voor de dorstigen. We maken ons schuldig aan het uitdelen van soep. Aan schoenen aan koude voeten doen die niet meer konden bewegen. Als helpen illegaal is, begrijpen we dan wel wat misdaad is?

Anna Alboth is vrijwilliger bij Minority Rights Group

[7]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

Poland/Belarus: New evidence of abuses highlights ‘hypocrisy’ of unequal treatment of asylum-seekers 

  • Authorities violating rights of asylum-seekers, including strip searches and other degrading treatment, in overcrowded detention centres
  • Some people forcibly sedated during return
  • Pushbacks and arbitrary detention in stark contrast with welcome shown to those fleeing Ukraine
  • Spokespeople available

The Polish authorities have arbitrarily detained nearly two thousand asylum-seekers who crossed into the country from Belarus in 2021, and subjected many of them to abuse, including strip searches in unsanitary, overcrowded facilities, and in some cases even to forcible sedation and tasering, Amnesty International said today.

Additionally, after a hiatus during winter, more asylum-seekers are now trying to enter Poland from Belarus, where they are unable to access further funds due to international sanctions and risk harassment or apprehension by Belarusian police due their irregular immigration status. At the Polish border they face razor wire fences and repeated pushbacks by border guards sometimes up to 20-30 times.

“This violent and degrading treatment stands in stark contrast to the warm welcome Poland is offering to displaced people arriving from Ukraine. The behaviour of the Polish authorities smacks of racism and hypocrisy. Poland must urgently extend its admirable compassion for those entering the country from Ukraine to all those crossing its borders to seek safety.”

Arbitrary detention and abysmal detention conditions

Polish border guards have systematically rounded up and violently pushed back people crossing from Belarus, sometimes threatening them with guns. The vast majority of those who have been fortunate enough to avoid being pushed back to Belarus and to apply for asylum in Poland are forced into automatic detention, without a proper assessment of their individual situation and the impact detention would have on their physical and mental health. They are often held for prolonged and indefinite periods of time in overcrowded centres that offer little privacy and only limited access to sanitary facilities, doctors, psychologists, or legal assistance.

Almost all of the people Amnesty International interviewed said they were  traumatized after fleeing areas of conflict and being trapped for months on the Belarusian-Polish border. They also suffered from serious psychological problems, including anxiety, insomnia, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts, undoubtedly exacerbated by their unnecessary metres. For most, psychological support was unavailable.

Retraumatized inside a military base

Many of the people who Amnesty spoke to had been in Wędrzyn detention centre, which holds up to 600 people. Overcrowding is particularly acute in this facility, where up to 24 men are detained in rooms measuring just eight square metres.

In 2021, the Polish authorities decreased the minimum required space for foreign detainees from three square meters per person to just two. The Council of Europe minimum standard for personal living space in prisons and detention centres is four square meters per person.

People held in Wędrzyn recounted how guards greeted new detainees  by saying “welcome to Guantánamo”. Many of them were victims of torture in their home countries before enduring harrowing experiences both in Belarus and on the border of Poland. The detention centre in Wędrzyn forms part of an active military base. The facility’s barbed wire walls — and the persistent sound of armoured vehicles, helicopters and gunfire from military exercises in the area — only serves to retraumatize them.

In Lesznowola Detention Centre, detainees said that guards’ treatment left them feeling dehumanized. The staff called detainees by their case numbers instead of using their names and meted out excessive punishments, including isolation, for simple requests, such as asking for a towel or more food.

Nearly all those interviewed reported consistently disrespectful and verbally abusive behaviour, racist remarks and other practices that indicated psychological ill-treatment. 

Men who Amnesty International interviewed uniformly  complained about the manner in which body searches were  conducted. When people were  transferred from one detention centre to another, they were forced to undergo a strip search at each facility, even though they were in state custody at all times. In Wędrzyn, people recounted abusive searches. For example, all newly admitted foreigners are kept together in a room, required to remove all of their clothes and ordered to perform squats longer than necessary for a legitimate check.

Violent forcible returns

Amnesty International interviewed several people who were forcibly returned as well as some who avoided return and remain in detention in Poland. Many said the Polish border guards who conducted the returns coerced them into signing documents in Polish that they suspected included incriminating information in order to justify their returns. They also said that, in some cases, border guards used excessive force, such as tasers, restrained people with handcuffs, and even sedated those being returned. 

Authorities attempted to forcibly return Yezda, a 30-year old Kurdish woman , with her husband and three small children. After being told that the family would be returned to Iraq, Yezda panicked and screamed and pleaded with the guards not to take them. She threatened to take her life and became extremely agitated. “I knew I could not go back to Iraq and I was ready to die in Poland. While I was crying like that, two guards restrained me and my husband, tied our hands behind our backs, and a doctor gave us an injection that made us very weak and sleepy. My head was not clear, but I could hear my children, who were in the room with us, crying and screaming.”

“We were asked to go through the airport security and the guards told us to behave on the plane. But I refused to go. I remember noticing that I didn’t even have any shoes on, as in the chaos at the camp, they slipped of my feet. My head was not clear, and I couldn’t see my husband or the children, but I remember that they forced me on the plane that was full of people. I was still crying and pleading with the police not to take us.” Yezda said that she broke her foot as she fought the guards who tried to put her on the plane. Yezda and her family were returned to Warsaw after the airline refused to take them to Iraq. They remain in a camp in Poland for now.

Volunteers and activists have been barred from accessing the border of Poland and Belarus, and some have even faced prosecution for trying to help people cross the border. In March, activists who had helped people both on Poland’s borders with Ukraine and with Belarus were detained for providing life-saving assistance to refugees and migrants on the Belarussian border, and now face potentially serious charges.

Stranded at the border

On 20 March, the Belarusian authorities reportedly evicted close to 700 refugees and migrants, including many families with young children and people suffering from severe illnesses and disabilities, from the warehouse in the Belarusian village of Bruzgi which had accommodated several thousand people in 2021.

People who were evicted from the warehouse suddenly found themselves stranded in the forest, trying to survive in sub-zero temperatures without shelter, food, water or access to medical care. Many remain in the forest and experience daily abuse from the Belarusian border guards, who use dogs and violence to force people to cross the border into Poland.

“Hundreds of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and other parts of the world remain stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland. The Polish government must immediately stop pushbacks. They are illegal no matter how the government tries to justify them. The international community – including the EU – must demand that those trapped on Poland’s border with Belarus be afforded the same access to EU territory as any other group seeking refuge in Europe,” said Jelena Sesar.

END OF THE ARTICLE

REPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

The rapid relief effort at the border, exceptional generosity of civil society and willingness of Polish authorities to receive people fleeing from Ukraine contrast starkly with the Polish government’s hostility toward refugees and migrants who have arrived in the country via Belarus since July 2021. Hundreds of people who crossed from Belarus have been arbitrarily detained in Poland in appalling conditions and without access to a fair asylum proceeding. Many have been forcibly returned to their countries of origin, some under sedation. In addition, hundreds of people remain stranded inside Belarus and face increasingly desperate conditions.

END OF THIS PIECE

FULL REPORT

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/EUR3754602022ENGLISH.pdf

[8]

MEDICS LEAVE POLAND=BELARUS BORDER WITHOUT

REACHING MIGRANTS

https://www.dw.com/en/medics-leave-poland-belarus-border-without-reaching-migrants/a-60353514

Doctors Without Borders removed its team on the Belarus-Poland border after Warsaw blocked access to migrants trying to enter the European Union. Camped in harsh conditions, several people have died on the EU’s doorstep.

Despite knowing people along the Belarus-Poland border were “in desperate need of medical and humanitarian assistance,” the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it withdrew its emergency response team from the region.

“Since October, MSF has repeatedly requested access to the restricted area and the border guard posts in Poland, but without success,” Frauke Ossig, the charity’s emergency coordinator for Poland and Lithuania, said on Thursday.

“We know that there are still people crossing the border and hiding in the forest, in need of support, but while we are committed to assisting people on the move wherever they may be, we have not been able to reach them in Poland,” Ossig added.

MSF said it was concerned that restricting access to major aid organizations could result in more deaths and such policies were “another example of the EU deliberately creating unsafe conditions for people to seek asylum at its borders.”

While many of the migrants received shelter in a logistics center, a number of people are reported to have died in the freezing, harsh conditions along the border.

Why can’t aid groups reach migrants and asylum-seekers?

On December 1, Poland’s Interior Ministry extended a state of emergency that prohibits all non-residents, including journalists and non-governmental aid groups, from the border area.

“People are being attacked and beaten at the hands of border guards, and yet state officials continue to allow the practice of pushing people between borders knowing that such maltreatment continues,” MSF said.

With thousands of people on the Belarusian side of the 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch, Poland built a barbed-wire fence that it intends to replace with a permanent barrier and sent thousands of soldiers to the border, leaving the migrants stuck in camps in no man’s land and unable to apply for asylum in the European Union.

Polish border guards accused of illegal ‘pushbacks’

Polish border guards have been accused of forcibly pushing migrants and asylum-seekers back into Belarus — a move that breaches international law. At least 21 people have lost their lives in the attempt in 2021, MSF reported.

In December, the Polish civil society group Salam Lab reported that five Syrian and one Palestinian who managed to find their way outside Poland’s exclusion zone said they had been pushed back to Belarus several times by Polish authorities.

EU nations Latvia and Lithuania, which also share borders with Belarus, have also reinforced their border security and declared a state of emergency. MSF said it had not received access to migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border.

The European Union has accused Belarus’ authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko of encouraging people fleeing conflict and poverty in the Middle East to attempt to enter the EU through Belarus.

Belarus denies this and has urged the EU to take in the migrants.

“The current situation is unacceptable and inhumane,” Ossig said. “People have the right to seek safety and asylum and should not be illegitimately pushed back to Belarus.”

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 7

[10]

SEE NOTE 10

SEE ALSO THE LINK

SEE THE ASTRID ESSED MAIL TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

SUBJECT OF THE MAIL:

”QUESTIONS ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS ATTITUDE 

AGAINST UKRAINIAN REFUGEES VERSUS REFUGEES TRAPPED

BETWEEN BELARUS AND POLAND;”

MAIL:

Astrid Essed <astridessed@yahoo.com>

To:press@icrc.org

Cc:secretariat@ifrc.org,tommaso.dellalonga@ifrc.org,anna.tuson@ifrc.org,info@redcross.fi,info@redcross.byand 3 more…

Fri, May 27 at 3:03 AM

TO 

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

PRESIDENT AND ASSEMBLY

Subject:

Questions about the International Red Cross attitude against

Ukrainian refugees versus refugees trapped between Belarus and

Poland

Your mission as International Red Cross

The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes – and those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and at the same time promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.

https://www.icrc.org/en/who-we-are/mandate

[When you are pressed with time, go directly to the part below:

”QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS”]

Dear President

Dear members of the Assembly,

Firstly my great appreciation for your fantastic and indispensable Work

through the whole world!

Without your humanitarian involvement and the sometimes great risks

your co workers take, life would be extremely difficult, if not impossible,

for the millions of people you are helping day after day.

But even the best of organisations need critical attention and have their 

flaws and that’s precisely the reason of this letter.

For in my opinion the International Red Cross attention for the Ukrainian

refugees, who have crossed the Polish Border is far more greater than the attention for the refugees, who tried to cross the Polish Border and are still trapped between the borders of Poland and Belarus.

Now I will not say, that the International Red Cross did nothing for these refugees.

On the contrary:

My great appreciation for the Good Work of the Finnish Red Cross, that 

helped those people wonderfully! [1]

I also appreciate the emergency calls and involvement

of the American Red Cross, The Belarus Red Cross, the Poland Red Cross,

the Lithuanian Red Cross and the other Red Cross departments [2]

Thank you, Finnish Red Cross [which gets this letter cc also]

and thank you, the other mentioned and peerhaps not mentioned Red Cross departments !

Also a Shout out to all those anonymous Polish people,

who helped refugees! [3]

And I express my appreciation to the president of the International

Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies mr F Rocca, who

stated, that thee should be no difference in the reception and protection

of refugees, whether they are Ukrainians or coming from other countries.

I quote him:

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,”and

“This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.” [4]

UKRAINIAN REFUGEES VERSUS REFUGEES, TRAPPED BETWEEN

POLAND AND BELARUS

I referred to the great attention of the International Red Cross to the Ukrainian

refugees [5] and don’t get me wrong:

I appreciate that very much and I think it is of the utmost importance to stand

for these people, who were the victims of the Russian invasion and had to flee their countries under so dramatic circumstances.

I sympathise with all refugees whoever they are and where they came from

and I know the International Red Cross does the same.

And yet, according to me, sometimes things go wrong.

Too often I learn from people from the field: Volunteers who do their utmost

to help those. who are trapped between the borders of Belarus and Poland, that

the Red Cross is not, or not enough, present to help the between border refugees”:

I quote something that made great impression on me:

It’s from mrs Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority

Right Group [also mentioned in cc] and member of the Grupa Granica:

Quote: [first in Dutch, then translation in English]:

”Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? ” [6]

In English:

”Where is the Red Cross, The International Organisation for Migration

of the UN and the UNHCR? 

Those organisations which even operate in warzones?

Which bring food and water to the most dangerous criminals?

Is Elina, 5, more dangerous and worth less?

Mrs Albot also published this article in the Guardian [8 december 2021]

QUESTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS

This was in december 2021

And to my knowledge, the situation of the refugees, trapped

in the Polish-Belarussian border is yet inhuman, as is the

situation of the refugees, who reached Poland and are in

Polish detention centres in dire conditions.

See the statement of Amnesty International [7]

Now I had the impression, that on this moment, the main attention

of the International Cross goes to the Ukrainian refugees and that the

trapped refugees between Poland and Belarus are somewhat forgotten.

When I am wrong, please send me the information about

your involvement in the no one land between those borders.

When I am NOT wrong, please explain to me, why the International

Red Cross shows less attention to those refugees:

Are you being hindered in your activities, something volunteers have experienced in the past months? [8]

And if that’s so, what did you do, as an International Organisation, to

address to this situation?

Did you write to the Polish and Belarussian authorities?

Did you gave press conferences about this?

Did you try to visit the Polish detention centres, where, according to the

information of Amnesty International, the border refugees are being

mistreated and denied their right to asylum? [9]

If not, why not?

Because you are hindered in your activities?

And again the question:

If you are hindered in your activities, what did you do to protest and get access anyway, as

is your right and obligation as the International Red Cross?

And when, suppose you HAD access to the mentioned detention centres and

were not hindered in your activities, why did you give more attention

to the Ukrainian refugees then to those trapped between Belarus and

Poland.

Again, I don’t say you on purpose neglected those between borders refugees, I only had the impression more attention went to the Ukrainian refugees, who have, of course, the full right to your attention, only not more then

others.

EPILOGUE

Dear president, members of the International Red Cross, I hope you

forgive me my bold and critical questions, but they were necessary:

Like Amnesty International [10] I am very concerned about the

inhuman situation of the refugees between the border, as their reception in

Poland, that is quite different from the warm welcome

the Ukrainian refugees received, as it should be for all refugees.

You as a great humanitarian organisation can make the difference and

show the World and especially the European leaders, that all refugees 

must be treated and received humanely, regardless where they came from

or what their origins are.

Do your best.

The refugees count on you!

And if you’re pressed with time and can’t answer me, no problem

All I want is that you do your humanitarian task to all refugees,

whoever they are

Thank you

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

THE FINISH RED CROSS

THE RED CROSS IS HELPING MIGRANTS STRUGGLING IN

DANGEROUS CONDITIONS AT THE EU’S EASTERN BORDER

24 NOVEMBER 2021

https://www.redcross.fi/news/2021/the-red-cross-is-helping-migrants-struggling-in-dangerous-conditions-at-the-eus-eastern-border/

The situation of migrants trying to enter the EU at the border of Poland, Lithuania and Belarus is alarming. Thousands of migrants have been stuck on the border region since early autumn. The situation of people sleeping without shelter is expected to worsen as the winter approaches.

The Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian Red Cross organisations are helping migrants at the borders by distributing food, clean water, hygiene supplies, clothes and blankets and by offering essential health care.

The health of the people sleeping rough is at continuous risk. At least 10 people are known to have died. Among them, a 14-year-old boy who died of hypothermia.

“There are hundreds of children at the border, many of whom have been separated from their families. The are also pregnant women and disabled people among the migrants. Their situation is worsening by the hour as the crisis drags on and nights become colder,” says the Director of International Operations at the Finnish Red Cross Tiina Saarikoski.

“All states are obliged to ensure that humanitarian aid gets through to its target. People have the right to necessary protection, care and safety, regardless of whether they are granted the right to stay in the country or not.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross helps migrants establish contact with their family members. 

The Finnish Red Cross maintains preparedness for large-scale migration as part of its continuous readiness. As agreed with the authorities, the Red Cross is permanently prepared to establish and maintain reception centres and temporary accommodation units at the request of the authorities.

The Finnish Red Cross has not received official requests in relation to the situation in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. 
 
“The most important thing right now is to deliver necessary aid to the migrants in unsafe conditions and allow humanitarian operators to provide aid,” Saarikoski emphasises. 

[2]

AMERICAN RED CROSS

THOUSANDS AT BELARUS BORDER IN NEED

OF HUMANITARIAN AID

https://www.redcross.org/about-us/news-and-events/news/2021/thousands-at-belarus-border-in-need-of-humanitarian-aid.html

November 15, 2021

The Red Cross is urgently providing relief efforts as thousands of people risk their lives in freezing conditions along the Belarus-Poland border. At least 10 people have died and an estimated 2,000 people are living in makeshift camps near the border between Belarus and neighboring countries Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) urges unhindered access to the border be provided to help the men, women and children risking their lives for a safer future. 

Belarus Red Cross has been coordinating aid from partners since last week, distributing food, water, blankets and warm clothes. Staff and volunteers are involved in a continuous response to the situation, sorting and distributing packages, as well as helping authorities set up heating tents for women and children. Assistance was also provided for three children who were hospitalized.

“We are concerned about the increasingly serious situation on the Poland-Belarus border, after large groups of migrants arrived there on November 8. We call for access for the Red Cross and other humanitarian organizations so that all people in need, at the border and other locations, can receive medical treatment, humanitarian assistance and protection services,” said Andreas von Weissenberg, IFRC Europe’s head of Disasters, Climate and Crises.

“While Belarus Red Cross has thankfully been given some access to provide vital life-saving aid to people enduring hunger and freezing conditions, we need that access to be regular and also get access on the other side of the border. People need to be treated humanely,” von Weissenberg said.

The Polish Red Cross has been responding to this crisis for several weeks, delivering blankets, sleeping bags and clothes. Local branches are supporting migrants in provinces near the border with food, water and hygiene kits, as well as providing first aid and helping people trace family members.

Lithuanian Red Cross teams have also been supporting migrants close to the border with water, hygiene kits, footwear and clothing, as well as toys for children. In five large reception centers, volunteers provide food and other humanitarian aid, offer psychological support and legal assistance and help people reconnect with their loved ones by providing mobile phones and SIM cards.

IFRC is in the process of providing the Belarus Red Cross, Polish Red Cross and Lithuanian Red Cross with emergency funding to support the migrants with food, clothes, hygiene items, first aid and family reunification services.

“Humanitarian organizations must be granted unconditional and safe access to all people in need, irrespective of their legal status. People are crossing the border with just the clothes on their backs. They need food, medicine, hygiene items, clothing, and protective equipment against COVID-19. We must be allowed to deliver critical assistance and we want to see a peaceful, humane and rights-based solution to the situation,” von Weissenberg concluded. 

[3]

24/7  NEWS BULLETIN

IT’S HEART BREAKING: HOW POLISH VOLUNTEERS

RESCUE POVERTY STRICKEN MIGRANTS AT

THE BELARUSIAN BORDER

11 NOVEMBER 2021

While the official Warsaw refuses to let in the migrants who have accumulated on the Belarusian border, not wanting to recognize them as refugees, many Poles express a desire to help people in difficult situations.

In the Polish media, you can see lists of various NGOs that are involved in helping migrants, as well as talk about ways to help them. One of the most popular is called a financial donation, but it is also suggested to become a volunteer working with refugees. The monetary contributions are spent on humanitarian transportation, shelter, medical and legal assistance, and integration with the host society.

“You don’t have to be at the border to help refugees,” writes Gazeta Wyborcza. “We can’t do much on this issue, but here’s exactly what we can: offer a blanket, a sleeping bag or waterproof clothing.”

Among the organizations that help refugees and migrants, mention is made, for example, of Caritas Polska, which carries out humanitarian aid campaigns both in Poland and abroad. This organization operates centers for refugees and migrants in Szczecin, Kalisz and Warsaw, providing systematic assistance in the field of intercultural integration, career counseling, psychological and legal assistance, classes in community centers and educational packages. Since the beginning of the current migration crisis at the Polish-Belarusian border, Caritas Polska has been organizing humanitarian transfers to centers where foreigners arrive, providing migrants with food, detergents, hygiene items, and blankets.

Helping migrants and the Polish Red Cross collecting material gifts for aid packages for migrants. Donations are accepted at Red Cross offices throughout Poland. Currently, the most in demand are: jackets, sweaters, thick socks, warm shoes, hats, scarves, blankets and sleeping bags. At the same time, clothes and shoes must be new or used, but in good condition. High-energy products are accepted (bars, chocolate, dried fruits), as well as other food products (pies and other canned poultry, canned fish, crackers, waffles, etc.).

The Polish non-governmental humanitarian organization Grupa Granica, which monitors the situation on the Polish-Belarusian border, believes that refugees need to be rescued as soon as possible. Indeed, if the Polish border police finds injured migrants before doctors, they send them back to Belarus, explaining this step by the fact that their health condition may deteriorate at any time, and the risk of death in such conditions is great.

The Guardian tells how 15 Iraqi Kurds ended up in the forests of the Polish village of Narewka after they managed to cross the border of Belarus and the European Union. All migrants had early signs of hypothermia. One woman could hardly walk. They had no choice but to turn to volunteers for help. A team from Grupa Granica, before the border guards, found migrants who found themselves in completely extreme conditions. It was already starting to get dark, and the temperature dropped to almost zero degrees. Volunteers distributed blankets and hot tea to people.

After some time, the police arrived in the forest. Up to this point, volunteers have explained to the frozen migrants how to properly apply for asylum.

“We have about eight teams operating near the border and a total of about 40 people,” Anna Albot, a spokeswoman for the Polish Minority Rights Group and member of Grupa Granica, told The Guardian. – Whenever we receive calls from migrant families, we send a request to our teams and check who is closest to the place. People often ask for food, water, a doctor, or clothing. The other day I met a Syrian family who didn’t even have shoes. ”

Anna Chmielewska, coordinator of the Center for Assistance to Foreigners in Warsaw, noted that “it is difficult to work in the border zone for several reasons”. First, the Polish police stop the cars of the volunteers a few kilometers before the Kuznitsa checkpoint on the Polish-Belarusian border. The fact is that three kilometers from the border begins the territory on which the state of emergency is in force, so access to it is prohibited.

“We cannot get into this zone and help the people who are there,” she added. “Only local residents can do this.” According to her, volunteers only have the opportunity to contact migrants only when they can pass the border zone: “But not everyone succeeds in doing this. Winter is coming and people are not ready to stay outside in the cold day after day. We are afraid that bad weather will lead to more deaths. It’s heartbreaking for us. “

In addition, the activist said that border police officers often behave quite aggressively. “We are not doing anything illegal, but they make us feel like we are violators,” Khmelevska said. “Helping people is okay. But in the current situation we seem to be engaged in secret activities. “

According to a representative of another non-governmental Polish organization, Medycy na granicy (Doctors at the Border – MK), border guards periodically obstruct the provision of medical assistance to migrants.

On their official Facebook page, the volunteers reported that before going on another call, they found that the ambulance’s wheels had been deflated. In addition, the doctors found “people in uniform” at the service car, and an olive-colored car with registration numbers beginning with the letters denoting the off-road vehicles of the Polish army stood nearby, the report said.

The doctors added that they tried to talk to the people sitting in the car, but they left almost immediately. Then they turned to the Ministry of National Defense of Poland with a request to “urgently provide clarification regarding this shameful incident.”

The department gave a response almost immediately. “The soldiers of the Polish army have no relation to the damage to the ambulance at the border,” the ministry’s press service informed. “They have much more serious questions than the denial of fake news in the media space.”

At the same time, such situations do not lead volunteers astray. They continue to provide assistance to refugees. On their social networks, doctors posted a post in five languages – English, French, Arabic, Persian and Kurdish – with the following content: “If you or someone from your family needs any humanitarian or medical assistance on the Polish-Belarusian border, write US. We will connect you with the right people. “

Those wishing to help migrants have to face not only opposition from the authorities. After one of the theaters in the city of Legnica began collecting gifts for refugees on the Polish-Belarusian border, it was attacked by haters on the Internet. “But there are more people willing to help,” says one of the initiators of the action.

In this regard, Polish volunteers are pleased to know that activists from Germany are trying to help migrants stranded on the Polish-Belarusian border. According to the Polish Internet resource Oko.press, a group of German volunteers came to Poland to deliver parcels for refugees to local organizations, show solidarity with immigrants and protest against the actions of the Polish authorities and the inaction of German politicians.

“We have free seats on the bus,” says one of the activists Ruben Neugebauer. “We could take people who need help with us. If only the German government would agree to this … We call on the German authorities to create humanitarian corridors on the Polish-Belarusian border. This should be one of the priorities of the government that is currently being formed in Germany. “

.

Source From: MK

[4]

IFRC PRESIDENT: ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY SHOULD NOT

BE DECIDING FACTORS IN SAVING LIVES

16 MAY 2022/PRESS RELEASE

https://www.ifrc.org/press-release/ifrc-president-ethnicity-and-nationality-should-not-be-deciding-factors-saving-lives

New York / Geneva, 16 May 2022 – President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Francesco Rocca calls on states to step up to their responsibility to save lives, no matter where people are from, ahead of the first review of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM).

Mr Rocca says: “When I was in Marrakech for the adoption of the GCM I made a statement that the world’s approach to migration is painfully broken – but that the GCM can fix it. As we begin the first review of the progress made since then, I am sad to say that this has not been the case so far. Not enough changes to policies and practices to ensure safe and dignified migration have taken place, and many more lives have been lost due to that failure to act.”

On the world’s deadliest sea migration route, the central Mediterranean, the number of deaths has in fact increased since the GCM was signed. The Ocean Viking ship, operated by SOS Mediterranée with IFRC providing humanitarian services on board, saves people in distress on this route.

“We need to carry out this work as state-coordinated search and rescue is absent in the area,” says Mr Rocca. “Our teams have already saved 1,260 people in the nine months we’ve been operating.”

The Ocean Viking is one of the 330 Humanitarian Service Points (HSPs) in 45 countries that supports the ambitions of the GCM, providing assistance and protection to people on the move irrespective of status and without fear of reprisal. The Romanian Red Cross implements HSPs in Bucharest to support people fleeing Ukraine, providing information, food, water, hygiene items and financial assistance, while the Hungarian Red Cross has been operating a HSP at the Keleti railway station 24/7 to welcome people arriving from Ukraine by train with information, food, hygiene items and baby care products.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Colombian Red Cross Society has implemented HSPs at the border with Venezuela, offering essential services like healthcare, while Libyan Red Crescent volunteers have provided support to migrants and displaced people, operating HSPs that provided access to information, food, and other necessities, as well as restoring family links services.

At the International Migration Review Forum (IMRF), the IFRC is calling for individual and collective efforts on search and rescue; ensuring access to essential services for migrants regardless of status; scaling up support to people affected of climate related displacement; and the inclusion of migrants in all aspects of society and decision making.

“The political, public and humanitarian response to the Ukraine crisis has shown what is possible when humanity and dignity comes first, when there is global solidarity and the will to assist and protect the most vulnerable,” says Mr Rocca. “This must be extended to everyone in need, wherever they come from. Ethnicity and nationality should not be deciding factors in saving lives.”

[5]

THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS AND THE UKRAINE

https://www.icrc.org/en/humanitarian-crisis-ukraine

IFRC SCALES UP CASH ASSISTANCE TO PEOPLE IMPACTED

BY CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

23 MAY 2022

https://www.ifrc.org/article/ifrc-scales-cash-assistance-people-impacted-conflict-ukraine

Three months into the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has distributed financial assistance totalling more than 4.3 million Swiss francs to thousands of people on the move.

IFRC Head of Emergency Operations for the Ukraine response, Anne Katherine Moore, said:

“The longer the conflict continues, the greater the needs become. The cost of basic necessities, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, is rising. Increases in the cost of fuel and apartment rentals are also being reported. Millions of people have lost their jobs and their savings are dwindling. Through a new mobile app, we have been able to ramp up our support to help people facing these financial challenges.”

The new technology makes it possible for the IFRC and responding National Societies to reach people at scale and to deliver cash assistance digitally. Successfully introduced in Romania, the mobile app allows refugees to self-register for assistance online, negating the need and cost involved of having to travel to a central location.

The app will soon be expanded to Poland and Slovakia, where cash assistance is already being provided through more traditional methods such as in-person registration, as well as Ukraine and other neighbouring countries.

“This is the fastest we have ever delivered cash at this scale. It has the potential to be a game-changer for our work not just in this response, but also in future operations,” Moore continued.

Cash assistance is a dignified and efficient way to support people impacted by the conflict, allowing them to purchase items specific to their individual needs, while also supporting local economies. It is one part of our integrated and wide-ranging Red Cross and Red Crescent response to the conflict that also includes the provision of health care, first aid, psychosocial support and the distribution of basic household necessities.

Speaking about next steps, Moore said: “There is no short-term solution to the needs of the more than 14 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. We know that even if the conflict was to end tomorrow, rebuilding and recovery will take years. People have lost their homes, their livelihoods, and access to timely healthcare. The IFRC, in support of local National Red Cross Societies in the region, will be there helping people now, and in the months and years to come.”

During the past three months:
  • Together, we have reached more than 2.1 million people with life-saving aid within Ukraine and in surrounding countries. This is 1 in 10 people who had to flee their homes because of the conflict.
  • Along the travel routes within and outside Ukraine, we’ve set up 142 Humanitarian Service Points in 15 countries to provide those fleeing with a safe environment. There, they receive essential services like food, hygiene items, blankets, clothing water, first aid, psychosocial support, information, and financial assistance.
  • In total, we distributed 2.3 million kilograms of aid.
  • 71,000 Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers are responding to the crisis.

IFRCUKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

https://www.ifrc.org/emergency/ukraine-and-impacted-countries

Due to the conflict escalation in Ukraine, millions of people have left their homes and crossed into neighbouring countries. The Ukrainian Red Cross is helping people affected by the conflict as the security situation allows. National Societies in surrounding countries, with support from the IFRC, are assisting people leaving Ukraine with shelter, basic aid items and medical supplies. People from Ukraine will need long-term, ongoing support. Our priority is addressing the humanitarian needs of all people affected by the conflict, inside and outside Ukraine.

IFRC

UKRAINE AND IMPACTED COUNTRIES CRISIS

EMERGENCY APPEAL

12 APRIL 2022

file:///C:/Users/Essed/Downloads/MGR65002ea1.pdf

[6]

FACEBOOK THE REFUGEE CIRCLE

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1172370492773108/

Saskia van Rees

 

8 dec 2021, door Anna Albot in the Guardian. Zij is met in Narewka, Polen, vlakbij de grens met Wit-Rusland.

Het helpen van vluchtelingen die verhongeren in de ijzige grensbossen van Polen is illegaal, maar het is niet de echte misdaad

Eén gedachte gaat constant door mijn hoofd: “Ik heb kinderen thuis, ik kan niet de cel in, ik kan niet de cel in.” De politiek ligt buiten mijn bereik of dat van de slachtoffers aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland. Die gaat erom dat de vertrekkende Duitse kanselier Angela Merkel doordringt tot Alexander Loekasjenko, de president van Wit-Rusland. Het is ironisch dat deze grens meer dan 50 mediaploegen op de been heeft gebracht, maar Polen de enige plaats in de EU is waar journalisten niet vrijuit kunnen rapporteren.

Ondertussen nadert de strenge Noord-Europese winter en bevriezen mijn vingers in de donkere sneeuwnachten.

De grenssituatie laat de kloof zien tussen wat legaal is en wat moreel is. Hij beheerst de inspanningen van degenen die levens redden. Het enige wat wij, activisten in de bossen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland, kunnen doen is water, voedsel en kleding naar wanhopige mensen brengen. Maar deze fundamentele humanitaire daad, kan alleen in het geheim worden uitgevoerd. We moeten ons verstoppen en door de bossen sluipen. De aandacht trekken van grenswachten, politie of leger zou een nieuwe pushback kunnen forceren.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou … Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen.

Ik heb verschillende groepen tussen de bomen ontmoet: gezinnen, moeders met kinderen, vaders met gehandicapte kinderen, ouderen en mensen uit de meest kwetsbare groepen ter wereld – etnisch, religieus en LGBTQ+. Ze zochten vrijheid, maar werden sinds augustus tot nu, december, vijf, tien en zelfs vijftien keer teruggedreven naar Wit-Rusland.

Tijdens mijn nachtelijke tochten ben ik uitgerust met een grote rugzak vol thermoskannen warme soep, sokken, laarzen, jassen, handschoenen, sjaals, mutsen, pleisters, medicijnen en powerbanks. Ik loop in het donker en verschuil me achter bomen als ik helikopters hoor of de felle lichten van de politie zie. Ik hoor het geplons van de soep in de kannen op mijn rug, ik hoor mijn kortademigheid – niemand heeft me geleerd om te sluipen en onzichtbaar te zijn als een beroepsmilitair. Ik heb jarenlang voor mensenrechten gewerkt, de meeste EU-grenzen en vluchtelingenkampen bezocht, maar ik was nooit bang om takken onder mijn voeten te laten kraken of voor het ritselen van de bomen boven mijn hoofd terwijl ik me voortbeweeg.

Uit persoonlijke verhalen en bewijzen verzameld door Minority Rights Group International en collega’s van Grupa Granica, een alliantie van 14 Poolse maatschappelijke organisaties die reageren op de crisis, weten we dat er minstens 5.000 mensen in de bossen zijn geweest en dat er momenteel minstens 1.000 zijn. We hebben met iedereen contact gehad: wanhopige slachtoffers van een walgelijk machtsspel tussen staten.

Elke keer dat we reageren op een telefoontje van iemand in nood, of hun moeder die nog in Irak of Afghanistan is, of een neef in Berlijn, hangen we onze rugzakken om en gaan. Dag en nacht – lang nadat de wereld zijn interesse heeft verloren. Soms zijn we uren op zoek naar mensen. Die veranderen voor de veiligheid vaak van locatie. Soms zijn bejaarde grootmoeders of de kleine kinderen die geen energie meer hebben om te lopen, gestrand in Poolse moerassen. Nu de bossen bedekt zijn met sneeuw en mensen ons niet kunnen bellen omdat hun telefoons zijn vernietigd door het Poolse leger, gebruiken we infrarood camera’s.

We ontmoeten bange ogen, uitgeputte gezichten, lichamen kapot door de kou, wanhopig verzwakt na weken in het ijzige, natte bos. Bevroren, dorstige, hongerige mensen. Ik had geen idee wat honger betekende. Ik gaf mijn kinderen wel eens een stuk chocola als ze klaagden voor het eten. Ik heb armoedestatistieken en geschiedenisboeken gelezen. Ik wist niets van honger.

Mensen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland hebben al weken niet gegeten. Om de paar dagen krijgen ze, als ze geld hebben, misschien een oude aardappel van een Wit-Russische soldaat na een gewelddadige pushback over het prikkeldraad. Die delen ze met de kinderen. Ze hebben dagenlang niets te drinken. Of drinken moeras- of regenwater, dat maagkrampen en een verlammende hoofdpijn veroorzaakt, waardoor ze verder verzwakken.

We wensen hen het beste aan het einde van onze ontmoeting. Voor een paar dagen voldoende voedsel en water achterlaten is onmogelijk: niemand heeft de kracht om zoveel te dragen. We kunnen geen mensen meenemen of naar een veilige plek brengen. Dat zou een strafbaar feit zijn. Maar het is geen misdaad om deze mensen langzaam dood te laten gaan…

Waar is het Rode Kruis, de Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie van de VN en de VN-vluchtelingenorganisatie? Die organisaties die zelfs in oorlogsgebieden opereren? Die voedsel en water naar de gevaarlijkste criminelen brengen? Is Elina, 5, gevaarlijker of minder waard? Ze heeft epilepsie, maar geen medicijnen. Ik ontmoette haar in het bos met negen andere Koerden, allemaal zonder laarzen. Ze hebben thuis oorlogen en luchtaanvallen overleefd, maar kunnen in het Poolse bos doodvriezen. Bij elke pushback pakken Poolse en Wit-Russische officieren alles af: geld, kleding en schoeisel.

Er was de groep van negen vrouwen uit de Democratische Republiek Congo, waarschijnlijk verhandeld. Toen ik ze de situatie uitlegde, huilden en huilden ze maar. Of de Yezidi-zussen, die zeven jaar geleden ontsnapten aan de genocide in Sinjar, Irak, maar nog steeds op zoek zijn naar een veilige plek. Of de jongens uit Jemen, die perfect Engels spreken. Of de drie homoseksuele mannen uit Iran, wanhopig om niet teruggestuurd te worden naar Wit-Russische soldaten.

We blijven contact houden. Als ze erin slagen hun telefoons te verbergen, kunnen we communiceren na een pushback. Ze delen foto’s en video’s van Wit-Russische honden. Laten me bijtwonden zien als we elkaar aan de Poolse kant ontmoeten. Zij huilen. Ze vragen om advies. Ze willen hun familie niet vertellen over hun benarde situatie, maar ze hebben iemand nodig om mee te praten.

“De vijfde pushback. Na de zesde pleeg ik zelfmoord.”

“Ik heb mijn zoon verloren, hij heeft astma. De laatste keer dat hij belde was drie dagen geleden. Weet je waar hij is?”

“Wanneer ben je hier? Heb je water? Al is het een druppel?”

Onderworpen aan een desinformatiecampagne krijgen de vluchtelingen tegenstrijdige berichten van Wit-Russische diensten, die formulieren verspreiden over de vestiging in Polen of Duitsland. Dit schept hoop op een veilige reis. Maar het echte doel is om ze aan de Poolse grens neer te zetten om druk uit te oefenen op de EU. Sommige verontrustende berichten suggereren dat migranten worden gedwongen om deel te nemen aan geweld als onderdeel van Wit-Russische pogingen om Poolse functionarissen te provoceren.

Met het risico van een escalatie van geweld willen wij, de activisten in de bossen, de wereld eraan herinneren dat vluchtelingen geen agressors zijn. Ze zijn gijzelaars van het regime van Loekasjenko, dat hen voor zijn agenda gebruikt.

Polen sturen me berichten: “Waar moet ik warme en donkere kleding naartoe sturen?” “Hoe is de situatie aan de grens? De media laten ons alleen video’s zien van het Poolse ministerie of de Wit-Russische autoriteiten.” “Ik huil als ik mijn kinderen in bed stop. Schrijf alsjeblieft iets dat kan helpen.”

Dunja Mijatović, de commissaris voor mensenrechten van de Raad van Europa, verbleef vier dagen in Polen en ging met ons mee het veld in. Ze zei: “De grootste kracht van de hulpbeweging voor vluchtelingen aan de grens tussen Polen en Wit-Rusland zijn de inwoners van de naburige steden – in de noodzone en ernaast. Het is hun compassie en empathie die het leven van mensen in het bos verlengt. Hun moed en onbaatzuchtigheid. Hun goedheid redt levens.”

Anderen zien het natuurlijk anders: mensen die aan de grens helpen zijn “vijanden van de natie”, “agenten van Loekasjenko”, “schuldig aan het vernietigen van Europese waarden”, “het uitnodigen van terroristen hier”.

We maken ons schuldig aan het achterlaten van pakken water in het bos voor de dorstigen. We maken ons schuldig aan het uitdelen van soep. Aan schoenen aan koude voeten doen die niet meer konden bewegen. Als helpen illegaal is, begrijpen we dan wel wat misdaad is?

Anna Alboth is vrijwilliger bij Minority Rights Group

[7]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

Poland/Belarus: New evidence of abuses highlights ‘hypocrisy’ of unequal treatment of asylum-seekers 

  • Authorities violating rights of asylum-seekers, including strip searches and other degrading treatment, in overcrowded detention centres
  • Some people forcibly sedated during return
  • Pushbacks and arbitrary detention in stark contrast with welcome shown to those fleeing Ukraine
  • Spokespeople available

The Polish authorities have arbitrarily detained nearly two thousand asylum-seekers who crossed into the country from Belarus in 2021, and subjected many of them to abuse, including strip searches in unsanitary, overcrowded facilities, and in some cases even to forcible sedation and tasering, Amnesty International said today.

Additionally, after a hiatus during winter, more asylum-seekers are now trying to enter Poland from Belarus, where they are unable to access further funds due to international sanctions and risk harassment or apprehension by Belarusian police due their irregular immigration status. At the Polish border they face razor wire fences and repeated pushbacks by border guards sometimes up to 20-30 times.

“This violent and degrading treatment stands in stark contrast to the warm welcome Poland is offering to displaced people arriving from Ukraine. The behaviour of the Polish authorities smacks of racism and hypocrisy. Poland must urgently extend its admirable compassion for those entering the country from Ukraine to all those crossing its borders to seek safety.”

Arbitrary detention and abysmal detention conditions

Polish border guards have systematically rounded up and violently pushed back people crossing from Belarus, sometimes threatening them with guns. The vast majority of those who have been fortunate enough to avoid being pushed back to Belarus and to apply for asylum in Poland are forced into automatic detention, without a proper assessment of their individual situation and the impact detention would have on their physical and mental health. They are often held for prolonged and indefinite periods of time in overcrowded centres that offer little privacy and only limited access to sanitary facilities, doctors, psychologists, or legal assistance.

Almost all of the people Amnesty International interviewed said they were  traumatized after fleeing areas of conflict and being trapped for months on the Belarusian-Polish border. They also suffered from serious psychological problems, including anxiety, insomnia, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts, undoubtedly exacerbated by their unnecessary metres. For most, psychological support was unavailable.

Retraumatized inside a military base

Many of the people who Amnesty spoke to had been in Wędrzyn detention centre, which holds up to 600 people. Overcrowding is particularly acute in this facility, where up to 24 men are detained in rooms measuring just eight square metres.

In 2021, the Polish authorities decreased the minimum required space for foreign detainees from three square meters per person to just two. The Council of Europe minimum standard for personal living space in prisons and detention centres is four square meters per person.

People held in Wędrzyn recounted how guards greeted new detainees  by saying “welcome to Guantánamo”. Many of them were victims of torture in their home countries before enduring harrowing experiences both in Belarus and on the border of Poland. The detention centre in Wędrzyn forms part of an active military base. The facility’s barbed wire walls — and the persistent sound of armoured vehicles, helicopters and gunfire from military exercises in the area — only serves to retraumatize them.

In Lesznowola Detention Centre, detainees said that guards’ treatment left them feeling dehumanized. The staff called detainees by their case numbers instead of using their names and meted out excessive punishments, including isolation, for simple requests, such as asking for a towel or more food.

Nearly all those interviewed reported consistently disrespectful and verbally abusive behaviour, racist remarks and other practices that indicated psychological ill-treatment. 

Men who Amnesty International interviewed uniformly  complained about the manner in which body searches were  conducted. When people were  transferred from one detention centre to another, they were forced to undergo a strip search at each facility, even though they were in state custody at all times. In Wędrzyn, people recounted abusive searches. For example, all newly admitted foreigners are kept together in a room, required to remove all of their clothes and ordered to perform squats longer than necessary for a legitimate check.

Violent forcible returns

Amnesty International interviewed several people who were forcibly returned as well as some who avoided return and remain in detention in Poland. Many said the Polish border guards who conducted the returns coerced them into signing documents in Polish that they suspected included incriminating information in order to justify their returns. They also said that, in some cases, border guards used excessive force, such as tasers, restrained people with handcuffs, and even sedated those being returned. 

Authorities attempted to forcibly return Yezda, a 30-year old Kurdish woman , with her husband and three small children. After being told that the family would be returned to Iraq, Yezda panicked and screamed and pleaded with the guards not to take them. She threatened to take her life and became extremely agitated. “I knew I could not go back to Iraq and I was ready to die in Poland. While I was crying like that, two guards restrained me and my husband, tied our hands behind our backs, and a doctor gave us an injection that made us very weak and sleepy. My head was not clear, but I could hear my children, who were in the room with us, crying and screaming.”

“We were asked to go through the airport security and the guards told us to behave on the plane. But I refused to go. I remember noticing that I didn’t even have any shoes on, as in the chaos at the camp, they slipped of my feet. My head was not clear, and I couldn’t see my husband or the children, but I remember that they forced me on the plane that was full of people. I was still crying and pleading with the police not to take us.” Yezda said that she broke her foot as she fought the guards who tried to put her on the plane. Yezda and her family were returned to Warsaw after the airline refused to take them to Iraq. They remain in a camp in Poland for now.

Volunteers and activists have been barred from accessing the border of Poland and Belarus, and some have even faced prosecution for trying to help people cross the border. In March, activists who had helped people both on Poland’s borders with Ukraine and with Belarus were detained for providing life-saving assistance to refugees and migrants on the Belarussian border, and now face potentially serious charges.

Stranded at the border

On 20 March, the Belarusian authorities reportedly evicted close to 700 refugees and migrants, including many families with young children and people suffering from severe illnesses and disabilities, from the warehouse in the Belarusian village of Bruzgi which had accommodated several thousand people in 2021.

People who were evicted from the warehouse suddenly found themselves stranded in the forest, trying to survive in sub-zero temperatures without shelter, food, water or access to medical care. Many remain in the forest and experience daily abuse from the Belarusian border guards, who use dogs and violence to force people to cross the border into Poland.

“Hundreds of people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and other parts of the world remain stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland. The Polish government must immediately stop pushbacks. They are illegal no matter how the government tries to justify them. The international community – including the EU – must demand that those trapped on Poland’s border with Belarus be afforded the same access to EU territory as any other group seeking refuge in Europe,” said Jelena Sesar.

END OF THE ARTICLE

REPORT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

The rapid relief effort at the border, exceptional generosity of civil society and willingness of Polish authorities to receive people fleeing from Ukraine contrast starkly with the Polish government’s hostility toward refugees and migrants who have arrived in the country via Belarus since July 2021. Hundreds of people who crossed from Belarus have been arbitrarily detained in Poland in appalling conditions and without access to a fair asylum proceeding. Many have been forcibly returned to their countries of origin, some under sedation. In addition, hundreds of people remain stranded inside Belarus and face increasingly desperate conditions.

END OF THIS PIECE

FULL REPORT

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND: CRUELTY, NOT COMPASSION, AT EUROPE’S OTHER BORDERS

11 APRIL 2022

https://www.amnesty.org/en/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/EUR3754602022ENGLISH.pdf

[8]

MEDICS LEAVE POLAND=BELARUS BORDER WITHOUT

REACHING MIGRANTS

https://www.dw.com/en/medics-leave-poland-belarus-border-without-reaching-migrants/a-60353514

Doctors Without Borders removed its team on the Belarus-Poland border after Warsaw blocked access to migrants trying to enter the European Union. Camped in harsh conditions, several people have died on the EU’s doorstep.

Despite knowing people along the Belarus-Poland border were “in desperate need of medical and humanitarian assistance,” the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said it withdrew its emergency response team from the region.

“Since October, MSF has repeatedly requested access to the restricted area and the border guard posts in Poland, but without success,” Frauke Ossig, the charity’s emergency coordinator for Poland and Lithuania, said on Thursday.

“We know that there are still people crossing the border and hiding in the forest, in need of support, but while we are committed to assisting people on the move wherever they may be, we have not been able to reach them in Poland,” Ossig added.

MSF said it was concerned that restricting access to major aid organizations could result in more deaths and such policies were “another example of the EU deliberately creating unsafe conditions for people to seek asylum at its borders.”

While many of the migrants received shelter in a logistics center, a number of people are reported to have died in the freezing, harsh conditions along the border.

Why can’t aid groups reach migrants and asylum-seekers?

On December 1, Poland’s Interior Ministry extended a state of emergency that prohibits all non-residents, including journalists and non-governmental aid groups, from the border area.

“People are being attacked and beaten at the hands of border guards, and yet state officials continue to allow the practice of pushing people between borders knowing that such maltreatment continues,” MSF said.

With thousands of people on the Belarusian side of the 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch, Poland built a barbed-wire fence that it intends to replace with a permanent barrier and sent thousands of soldiers to the border, leaving the migrants stuck in camps in no man’s land and unable to apply for asylum in the European Union.

Polish border guards accused of illegal ‘pushbacks’

Polish border guards have been accused of forcibly pushing migrants and asylum-seekers back into Belarus — a move that breaches international law. At least 21 people have lost their lives in the attempt in 2021, MSF reported.

In December, the Polish civil society group Salam Lab reported that five Syrian and one Palestinian who managed to find their way outside Poland’s exclusion zone said they had been pushed back to Belarus several times by Polish authorities.

EU nations Latvia and Lithuania, which also share borders with Belarus, have also reinforced their border security and declared a state of emergency. MSF said it had not received access to migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border.

The European Union has accused Belarus’ authoritarian leader Alexander Lukashenko of encouraging people fleeing conflict and poverty in the Middle East to attempt to enter the EU through Belarus.

Belarus denies this and has urged the EU to take in the migrants.

“The current situation is unacceptable and inhumane,” Ossig said. “People have the right to seek safety and asylum and should not be illegitimately pushed back to Belarus.”

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

POLAND/BELARUS: NEW EVIDENCE OF ABUSES HIGHLIGHTS 

”HYPOCRISY” OF UNEQUAL TREATMENT OF ASYLUM SEEKERS

11 APRIL 2022

SEE FOR FULL TEXT, NOTE 7

[10]

SEE NOTE 10

SEE ALSO THE LINK

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor The International Red Cross, the Ukrainian refugees and the refugees, trapped between Poland and Belarus/Do you treat them with equal attention, Red Cross?

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Vomar hardleers/Voor de Derde Keer/Stop met de verkoop van avocado’s uit Bezettings en Apartheidsstaat Israel!

Avocado Fruit Guacamole Vegetarian Cuisine - Avocados Png, Transparent Png, Free Download

VOMAR, STOP MET VERKOOP AVOCADO’S UIT ISRAEL!

Vuur en rook boven Gaza-Stad na een Israëlische luchtaanval AFPHTTPS://NOS.NL/COLLECTIE/13864/ARTIKEL/2381067-UREN-NA-TOESPRAAK-NETANYAHU-OPNIEUW-ISRAELISCHE-LUCHTAANVALLEN-OP-GAZA

Image result for Destruction of Gaza/Images

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA



MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten

NB Het is dus NIET de foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die bij de kraag wordt gegrepen

Foto van Oda Hulsen valt soms weg

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING:

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSEGEBIEDENILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHTAn aerial shot of a housing community

The Israeli settlement of Maale Adumim in the occupied West Bank, with the Palestinian neighborhoods of occupied East Jerusalem in the background. © 2020 Reuters
https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed

VOMAR HARDLEERS/VOOR DE DERDE KEER/STOP MET DEVERKOOP VAN AVOCADO’S UIT BEZETTINGS EN APARTHEIDSSTAATISRAEL!

AANSUPERMARKT VOMARFILIAAL AMSTERDAMSE POORT
Directie en Management
Onderwerp:Uw herhaalde verkoop van avocado’s uit bezettingsstaat Israel

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management,

Ze zeggen weleens:Driemaal is Scheepsrecht, wat meestal in positieve zin wordt gebruikt [1]Bij u, Geachte Directie en Management, moet ik het echter in negatieve zingebruiken en het wordt hoog tijd, dat u zich diep gaat schamen!Want hoewel ik verder een tevreden klant ben, die uw filiaal graag enregelmatig bezoekt, moet ik nu constateren, dat u nu al voorde DERDE keer de fout in gegaan bent, door wederom avocado’s uit Israelte verkopen, waarover ik u nu al twee keer heb aangeschreven!De eerste keer was op 4 september 2021 [2], de tweede keer op 30 januari anno Domini 2022 [zie voor de volledige mail, geheel onderin, onder het notenapparaat] De tweede keer betrof mijn mail aan u op 30 januari anno Donini 2022,waarbij u dus weer in de fout ging.Zie deze uitgeschreven mail geheel onderin, onder het notenapparaat.
En nu alweer, voor de derde keer!!Want afgelopen week, week 20, had u avocado’s in de aanbiedingen ik, als liefhebber van avocado’s, had ze al bijna gekocht, toen ik, net bijtijds, het land van herkomst zag: Israel!Bezettingsstaat Israel!Wat bezielt u, vraag ik mij af, nu u niet alleen door mij uitgebreid opde hoogte gesteld bent, maar via alle mogelijke media kanalen, maar ookvia mensenrechtenorganisaties als Amnesty International en Human Rights Watch [3] op de hoogte kan zijn van de intensiteit van deoorlogsmisdaden en mensenrechtenschendingen van de Israelischebezettingsstaat!Zie ook de Israelische mensenrechtenorganisatie Btselem! [4]
Zoals ik in mijn vorige mail aan u [zie ook de link naar mijn website onder noot 5]reeds heb duidelijk gemaakt, maakt u zich met de verkoop van avocado’sen eventueel andere producten uit Israel [dat heb ik in dit Filiaal nogniet gezien, zo ja, dan zal ik u daarop zeker aanspreken], schuldigaan economische steun aan een nietsontziende bezettingsstaat,die niet alleen sinds 1967 de bezetting voert over de Palestijnse gebiedende Westelijke Jordaanoever, Oost-Jeruzalem en Gaza [6], maar zich-inherentaan iedere bezetting waar ook ter wereld-schuldigmaakt aan onderdrukking, oorlogsmisdaden en andere mensenrechtenschendingen.
Ik licht uit de talloze te noemen voorbeelden de  Israelische luchtaanvallen op Gaza in 2021, waarbij in korte tijd zeker 197 doden gevallen zijn, onder wie 58 kinderen en honderden mensen gewond geraakt zijn. [7]
En dan nog in herinnering de Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza ”Protective Edge”,in 2014  waarbij Israel zich schuldig heeft gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In twee maanden tijd zijn meer dan 1400 mensen gedood [voornamelijkburgers], waaronder 526 kinderen, een VN school werd gebombardeerd, een ziekenhuis beschoten! [8]
Dan heb ik het nog niet eens gehad over de illegale Israelische landroofvan Palestijns bezet gebied door middel van de Israelische nederzettingen,die in strijd zijn met het Internationaal Recht [9] en het voortdurendegeweld [vaak gesteund door de Israelische Staat] van de kolonisten[bewoners van de Israelische nederzettingen] tegen de bezettePalestijnse bevolking! [10]
EPILOOG
Zo kan ik eindeloos doorgaanIk kan u erop wijzen [uitgebreid in het nieuws geweest], datIsrael naast een bezettingsstaat ook een apartheidsstaat is[kijk maar bij Amnesty International en Human Rights Watch][11], maar ik meen al meer dan voldoende duidelijk gemaaktte hebben, dat het een schande is en moreel totaalverwerpelijk, dat u een illegale bezettingsmacht, dieonderdrukt, oorlogsmisdaden pleegt [zie bovenstaande] en foltertop de koop toe [12], economisch blijft ondersteunen.
Ik eis dan ook, dat u per direct stopt met de verkoop vanavocado’s uit Israel of welke Israelische producten dan ook.Anders hebt u Bloed aan uw Handen en vindt u mijweer op uw Pad
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 
VOOR UW GEMAK ZIJN DE NOTEN IN LINKS ONDERGEBRACHTGEHEEL ONDERIN MIJN MAIL VAN 30 JANUARI AAN U
NOTEN
NOTEN 1 T/M 3

NOTEN 4 T/M 8

NOTEN 9 T/M 12

MAIL ASTRID ESSED AAN VOMAR DD 30 JANUARI 2022

Astrid Essed <astridessed@yahoo.com>Jan 30, 2022, 4:56 PM
to werkenbij@vomar.nl

AANSUPERMARKT VOMARFILIAAL AMSTERDAMSE POORT
Directie en Management

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management,
Als trouwe klant van de Vomar ben ik doorgaans tevreden, zowel overhet uitstekende aanbod/assortiment, als over de verleende service.Recentelijk is er echter iets gebeurd, dat mijn verontwaardiging heeft opgewekt, vandaar deze briefmail:
Toen ik recentelijk [in Week 2 of Week 3, 2022, daar wil ik af zijn] Vomarbezocht, zag ik dat u een aanbieding van avocado’s had, een voor de prijsvan 0.74 cent.Omdat ik erg van avocado’s houd [mag u weten], verheugde ik mijhier al op en besloot er een of meer te kopen.
Wie schetst echter mijn verbazing/teleurstelling, toen bleek [wantik check altijd het land van herkomst], dat deze avocado’s uit Israelbleken te komen!Des te groter was mijn teleurstelling, omdat dit bij u, in tegenstelling totbijvoorbeeld Albert Heijn [1], maar weinig voorkomt!Meestal komen uw avocado’s uit Zuid-Amerika of andere landen/continenten.Slechts een keer heb ik u betrapt op de mango verkoop uit Israelen dat hebt u dan ook van mij, via een briefmail, te horen/lezengekregen. [2]
Dus nu gaat u WEER de fout inTerwijl u toch moet weten, wat Israel, zijnde een bezettingsstaat sedert1967 [3], allemaal uitspookt, waardoor het moreel en ook politiek-maatschappelijk, verwerpelijk is, zaken met haar te doen.
GEHEUGENOPFRISSERTJE:
ISRAEL, BEZETTINGSSTAAT
U zult weten, hoort dat althans te weten, dat de Staat Israel reeds 1967 de Palestijnse gebieden de Westelijke Jordaanoever, Gaza [4] en Oost-Jeruzalem bezet houdt.En alsof dat al niet erg genoeg is, heeft die bezetting [zoals alle vreemde bezettingen, overal ter wereld] veroorzaakt onderdrukking, vernederingen,[oorlogs] misdaden.
Ik kan en wil die hier niet allemaal opsommen [trouwens, die lijst is onuitputtelijk], maar ernstige voorbeelden zijn onder andere de  Israelische luchtaanvallen op Gaza in 2021, waarbij in korte tijd zeker 197 doden gevallen zijn, onder wie 58 kinderen en honderden mensen gewond geraakt zijn. [5]
Dit alles was een escalatie van huisuitzettingen van Palestijnse families in het bezette Oost-Jeruzalem, om plaats te maken voor kolonisten! [6]
En zoals u zult weten, zijn kolonisten bewoners van in bezet gebied gestichte nederzettingen, die illegaal zijn volgens het Internationaal Recht [7] EN regelrechte landdiefstal, omdat zij worden gebouwd op gestolen Palestijns land of, zoals in het geval van Oost-Jeruzalem bij die uitgezette Palestijnse families, gestolen Palestijnse huizen
.Waarbij Israelische kolonisten vaak ook nog eens verantwoordelijk zijn voor bijna dagelijks geweld tegen de bezette Palestijnse bevolking! [8]
EN to add insult to injury, tijdens die confrontaties destijds mbt tot de huisuitzetingen in Oost-Jeruzalem heeft het Israelische leger ook nog eens de Al Aqsa Moskee bestormd! [9]Een Godshuis!
En dan nog in herinnering de Israelische militaire aanval op Gaza ”Protective Edge”,in 2014  waarbij Israel zich schuldig heeft gemaakt aan zware oorlogsmisdaden:In twee maanden tijd zijn meer dan 1400 mensen gedood [voornamelijkburgers], waaronder 526 kinderen, een VN school werd gebombardeerd, een ziekenhuis beschoten! [10]
Welcome in the House of Horrors!

ISRAEL, APARTHEIDSSTAAT
Maar er is nog meer Ellende!
Want Israel is een Apartheidsstaat, zoals ook is bevestigd doormensenrechtenorganisatie Human Rights Watch in een uitgebreid rapport. [11]I
k ga dat hier niet uitgebreid bespreken [ik heb meer te doen en aanstippenl ijkt mij wel voldoende voor het doel van deze mail], maar een voorbeeld is wat Israel verstaat onder een ”rechtssysteem”
Waar er in Israel sprake is van een gewoon rechtssysteem voor burgers, komen burgers in de Bezette Palestijnse Gebieden voor een Militaire Rechtbank! [12]
Niet alleen een idiote rechtsongelijkheid en daardoor groffe discriminatie, maar sinds wanneer komen niet militairen voor een Militaire Rechtbank?

FOUT!FOUT!FOUT!/GEEN AVOCADO’S MEER UIT ISRAEL!
U zult nu hopelijk begrijpen, hoe fout het is, dat u nog avocado’s en ook andere producten [ik heb bij uw filiaal in de Amsterdamse Poort, naast mango’s waarover u eerder bent aangeschreven[13],  ook weleens aardappelen uit Israel gezien!] verkoopt uit een land, dat bezettingsmacht is, land van de [Palestijnse] bevolking steelt, Palestijnse burgers hun eigen huis uitzet, scholen en ziekenhuizen bombardeert, oorlogsmisdaden pleegt. En als klap op de Vuurpijl nog folterpraktijken als ondervragingstaktiek hanteert! [14]

And, to add insult to injury, probeert Israel Palestijnse boeren kapot te makendoor hun organisatie [en andere Palestijnse mensenrechten/burgerorganisaties kapot te maken [15]En recentelijk nog, omdat we het toch over huisuitzettingen hadden-de huisuitzetting van een Palestijns gezin, ja, uit bezet Oost-Jeruzalem,waar door de EU schande van werd gesproken! [16]

Wanneer u dus persisteert, producten uit een dergelijk land af te nemen, faciliteert u de bezettingseconomie en houdt u het Kwaad van bezetting en onderdrukking tot stand.
Ik verwacht dus, neen ik EIS van u, dat u per direct stopt, producten uit Israel te verkopen.
Mocht u daarmee doorgaan, dan vindt u mij op uw Pad en ook andere ,invloedrijkere mensen en instanties.
Ik hoop dus, dat u aan mijn Oproep gehoor geeft.
Vriendelijk bedankt voor het lezen van deze Brief

Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 

NOTEN
Voor uw gemak hierbij de links naar de noten

NOTEN 1 T/M 9
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-9-astrid-essed-versus-supermarkt-vomar-inzake-palestina/

NOTEN 10 T/M 16

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Vomar hardleers/Voor de Derde Keer/Stop met de verkoop van avocado’s uit Bezettings en Apartheidsstaat Israel!

Opgeslagen onder Divers

PC Hooftprijs voor schrijver Arnon Grunberg/Over een Eng Mannetje, een Falende Staatssecretaris en een Lakse Overheid

Image result for ouderwetse vulpen/Foto's
Image result for middeleeuws zwaard

MY PEN DEFENDS WHAT’S RIGHT

MY PEN DEFENDS WHAT’S RIGHT

PC HOOFTPRIJS VOOR SCHRIJVER ARNON GRUNBERG/OVER EENENG MANNETJE, EEN FALENDE STAATSSECRETARIS EN EEN LAKSEOVERHEID
Waar een groot schrijver klein in kan zijn

Geschreven op de Dag van de Uitreiking van de PC Hooftprijs, 19 mei 2022


LEZERS


Op 19 mei anno Domini 2022, welgeteld vandaag dus, wordt aan de schrijverArnon Grunberg [1] de PC Hooftprijs, een pretentieuze Literatuurprijs, uitgereikt [2]De Stichting PC Hooftprijs beschrijft haar motivatie tot toekenning als volgt:” ‘Hij blijft onverminderd nieuwsgierig en maatschappelijk betrokken. Hij is obsessief in zijn zoektocht naar het liefdevolle in de mens en nietsontziend waar het de duistere kanten van het bestaan betreft. In zijn romanuniversum heeft hij een eigen stijl, taal en grammatica ontwikkeld waarin hij gruwel en tederheid met elkaar weet te verenigen, satire en oprechtheid. Daarmee heeft hij een immense bijdrage geleverd aan de Nederlandse literatuur.’ [3]
Dat kan allemaal waar wezen, aan zijn literaire prestaties wilik niets afdoen.Maar er is een ANDERE kant van Grunberg, die ik graag nogeven voor het Voetlicht breng, die hem op heel andere wijze belicht.En dat is geen fraaie!Maar eerst complimenten aan zijn adres
4 MEI LEZING ”NEE”/ANTI- RACISME
Waarvoor ik Grunberg complimenten wil geven, is voor zijn op 2020 gehouden 4 Mei lezing, getiteld ”NEE”Zie onder noot 4Ik citeer welke passage o.a. indruk op mij maakte”Ik had toen niet gedacht dat ik een paar decennia later als columnist voor eenNederlandse krant een reeks onbeschaamd antisemitische e-mails zou
ontvangen. Ik dacht toen dat het taboe te groot was. Dat was naïef.
En het is ook logisch dat als er gesproken wordt over bepaalde
bevolkingsgroepen op een manier die doet denken aan de meest duistere tijd
uit de twintigste eeuw, als dat gewoon is geworden, er vroeg of laat op die
manier ook weer over Joden gesproken kan worden.
Voor mij was het van begin af aan duidelijk: als ze het over Marokkanen
hebben, dan hebben ze het over mij.” [5]Indrukwekkend, hoe hij niet alleen [terecht!] praat overzijn eigen getraumatiseerde verleden, maar deze linkdoortrekt naar het heden, naar discriminatie nu.Naar uitsluiting nu.
Een ander compliment maak ik hem omzijn Volkskrant column: ”Een slordig Excuus voor haat” [6], waarin geschreven”Het gebruik van het woord ”zandnegers” lijkt me geen toeval.De reacties op de gebeurtenissen in Keulen herinneren aan de duistere tijden in het zuiden van de Verenigde Staten toen vermeend of werkelijk geweld van zwarte mannen tegen blanke vrouwen een excuus was voor lynchpartijen.De hedendaagse morele verontwaardiging heeft niets van doen met empathie voor slachtoffers of de behoefte problemen op te lossen.Pegida en haar aanhangers willen gewoon, dat alles wat niet wit, ziek of anderszins onrein is, uit Europa verdwijnt.Moraal anno 2016? Een slordig excuus voor haat” [7]
Goed zo, Arnon Grunberg!En dat is dan ook direct het laatste compliment
EEN ENG MANNETJE
Want Grunberg blijkt, meer prive, een eng mannetje te zijn, dat zijn tegenstanders, in casu hier een tegenstander, genadeloos afserveert, criminaliseert,in een Kwaad Daglicht zet en zich niet ontziet, ook hunouders te beledigen, die aan de discussie [het was eenmaildiscussie] part noch deel hebben/hadden.
Dat overkwam oud ambassadeur Jan Wijenberg,onvermoeibaar voorvechter voor een rechtvaardige vrede,volgens het Internationaal Recht, inzake hetMidden-Oostenconflict [8]
HET ENGE MANNETJE ARNON GRUNBERG ENDE KARAKTERMOORD OP JAN WIJENBERG
Achtergrond:

In 2020 ontbrandde een verhitte discussie tussen Jan Wijenberg, genoemd oud ambassadeur en schrijver Arnon Grunberg.


Directe aanleiding vormde een brief van de heer Wijenberg aan premier Rutte en de voorzitter Nationaal Comite 4 en 5 mei, met kritische kanttekeningen over de jaarlijkse wijze van herdenking, met bijgevoegd rapportage over de Israelische bezettings en terreurpolitiek jegens de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, als  ook kritische kanttekeningen over de 4 mei lezing van genoemde schrijver, de heer Grunberg. [9]
Daarop ontstond een discussie tussen Wijenberg en Grunberg, die niet alleen fel was [dat zou geen probleem geweest zijn], maar van de kant van Grunberg ronduit beledigend, waarbij hij zich niet ontzag de heer Wijenberg, die hem inhoudelijk beleefd van repliek diende, uit te maken voor neo nazi en sympathisant van de Waffen SS, die er bovendien

vreugde aan ontleend zou hebben, in de WO II Oost-Europese

Joden neer te schieten….

U gelooft mij niet?

Letterlijk schrijft Grunberg in zijn mail:

”U bent een antisemiet. Het spijt me zeer dat u net iets te laat bent geboren om lid teworden van de Waffen-SS om eigenhandig Joden in Oost-Europa te fusilleren, dat

spijt u zelf kennelijk ook.”

EN

”Ik raad u bijvoorbeeld aan het werk van Carl Schmitt te lezen.U weet ongetwijfeld wat Nietzsche zei, word wie je bent.
Er zijn op het internet vinden nog wel SS-uniformen te vinden, die kunt u aantrekken
en daarmee kunt u door het huis en wellicht uw tuin paraderen.
Als u wordt aangevallen zal ik u als uw hulpverlener verdedigen. Noodzakelijke en
alternatieve therapie neemt soms curieuze vormen aan.
Het zou u ook buitengewoon helpen als u onder uw mails vanaf nu consequent Sieg
Heil schrijft.

Laat me over een maand weten hoe het genezingsproces verloopt.”

 [10]

Maar dat was nog niet alles!To add insult to injury, werd ook de vader van Wijenbergmeegetrokken in dat onzalige nazi carrousselLetterlijk schreef Grunberg in zijn laatste mailaan Wijenberg:”Ook ben ik benieuwd naar uw ouders. Was uw vader lid van de NSB en/of van de waffen-SS?” [11]

Zoiets doe je eenvoudig niet!Je gaat in een discussie, hoe verhit ook, geen familieleden en zeker geen ouders, die part noch deelaan de discussie hebben, erbij betrekken en/of blameren,zoals hier wel gebeurde.
Ook werden de geestelijke vermogens van Wijenbergim Frage gesteld:Eveneens in zijn laatste mail aan Wijenberg [waarinhij had aangekondigd, wel een langerdurend bezoekaan hem te willen brengen], schrijft Grunberg:”Maar graag eerst even een officiële bevestiging van de arts die u behandelt dat u handelings-en
wilsbekwaam bent en daarna zetten we dit in de steigers.” [12]

Niet alleen kinderachtig dus en ronduit karaktermoord [13],maar ook een zwaktebod, om, als je de discussie[kennelijk] niet kan winnen, iemand’s ouders of zijn/haaral dan niet geestelijk functionneren erbij te halen.
De eigenaardige messianistische onzin gedachtenover zichzelf [14] laat ik verder aan Grunberg, maar werpt wel een interessant licht op de man en ik moetbekennen, dat ik mijn lachen nauwelijks kon inhouden[nou ja, eerlijk gezegd, ik heb er hartelijk om moetenlachen hoor], toen ik Grunberg’s ”Heiland gedachten”las [15]
DE PC HOOFTSTICHTING
Nogmaals, DAT Arnon Grunberg de literatuurprijskrijgt, was en is nooit mijn probleem geweest.Een goede schrijver verdient een duidelijke erkenning.Maar een goede schrijver zijn is geen excuus voor karaktermoord en gebrek aan respect voor de medemens.Daarom besloot ik de PC Hooftstichting erop aan te schrijven met als eis, dat Grunberg niet in het openbaar gehuldigd zou worden, maar dat hij deprijs toegezonden zou krijgen.Iemand, die zich zo lomp en respectloos gedraagt,verdient geen openbare Huldiging.Dat is mijn standpunt en dat heb ik de Stichtingdan ook per mail duidelijk gemaakt. [16]Na een rappel gestuurd te hebben [er kwam maargeen reactie van deze Stichting], een totaal nietszeggende reactie ontvangen, die luidde:”Aad Meinderts <aad.meinderts@stichtingnll.nl>To:Astrid EssedWed, Mar 30 at 1:54 PMGeachte mevrouw Essed,Van uw brief / bericht inzake Grunberg en de P.C. Hooftprijs heeft het bestuur kennisgenomen; het bestuur voelt niet de noodzaak een standpunt in te nemen aangaande de mailwisseling Grunberg – Weijenberg.Hoogachtend,namens het bestuur,Aad Meinderts,ambtelijk secretaris Stichting P.C. Hooftprijs voor Letterkunde.

Outlook voor iOS downloaden

Aad MeindertsDirecteur             
Bezoek ons online museum thuis vanaf de bank.
Literatuurmuseum.nl: 24/7 geopend!
Prins Willem‑Alexanderhof 5, 2595 BE Den Haag
Postbus 90515, 2509 LM Den Haag ” [17]

Uiteraard heb ik ze hierop goed op hun nummer 
gezet! [18]


STAATSSECRETARIS SCHITTERT DOOR NONCHALANCE EN RESPECTLOOS GEDRAG
Maar ik had meer IJzers in het Vuur!Ook de Staatssecretaris van Cultuur en Media hebik per aangetekende post hierover aangeschreven,met het verzoek, of ze de prijsuitreiking NIETmet haar aanwezigheid wilde vereren. [19]Hierop heb ik tot op de Dag van Vandaag [19 mei]geen reactie ontvangen, op een aangetekendebrief van 23 maart anno Domini! [20]Nonchalant en respectloos
OVERHEID, DIE HAAR EIGEN BEGINSELENVAN BEHOORLIJK BESTUUR NIET NALEEFT!!
Zeer kwalijk is ook de rol van Rijksoverheid.nl!Aangezien de Staatssecretaris geen mailadresheeft [geen bekende althans] en dat eveneens geldt voor het ministerie waaronder zij valt [Ministerievan Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap] moest alleverdere niet schriftelijke post via het contactadresvan de Overheid, Rijksoverheid.nl, volgens welkeik twee rappels aan de Staatssecretaris hebgestuurd [21]Wie schetst echter mijn verbazing, dat ik van Rijksoverheid.nl bericht kreeg, dat zij weigerdemijn Rappels aan de Staatssectretaris door te sturen?Typisch een voorbeeld van obstructie en ontmoedigingdoor de Overheid, die de eigen beginselenvan Behoorlijk Bestuur niet naleeft! Heb ik Rijksoverheid ook laten weten via hun contactformulier!! [22]Daarna had toch nog de Overheid het Lef mij te benaderen, waarop ik definitief met haar afrekende [23]Zo gaat de Overheid dus met burgers om!
GROOT SCHRIJVER, TOCH KLEIN
Zo lezers, ik denk zo wel een indruk gegeven tehebben van de mentaliteit en handelwijze vanschrijver Arnon Grunberg, waar het zijn opposanten\betreftOndanks mijn hierboven geuite waardering voor hem, die er ook is, vind ik deze kant van zijngedrag buitengewoon min.Dat wil ik even gezegd hebben en heb ik dan ookaan instanties en instellingen duidelijk gemaakt.
Waar een groot schrijver klein in kan zijn
ASTRID ESSED
NOTEN

NOTEN 1 T/M 3

NOTEN 4 T/M 7

NOOT 8

NOTEN 9 T/M 15

NOTEN 16 T/M 23

https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-16-t-m-23-groot-en-toch-klein/’

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor PC Hooftprijs voor schrijver Arnon Grunberg/Over een Eng Mannetje, een Falende Staatssecretaris en een Lakse Overheid

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NOS: Noem Marokko luid en duidelijk de Bezetter van de Westelijke Sahara!

Image result for ouderwetse vulpen/Foto's
Image result for middeleeuws zwaard

MY PEN DEFENDS WHAT’S RIGHT

MY PEN DEFENDS WHAT’S RIGHT

NOS: NOEM MAROKKO LUID EN DUIDELIJK DE BEZETTER

VAN DE WESTELIJKE SAHARA!

De walrus sprak:

De tijd is daar
Om over allerlei te praten”

Een schoen, een schip, een kandelaar,

Of koningen ook liegen

En of de zee soms koken kan

En een biggetje kan vliegen.
Uit het Engels vertaald uit:

 THE WALRUS AND THE CARPENTERLEWIS CARROLL: ALICE IN WONDERLAND
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Walrus_and_the_Carpenter

AAN REDACTIE NOS NIEUWSOnderwerp: Uw berichtgeving dd 11 mei 2022: ”Ook Nederland steunt Marokko inWestelijke Sahara kwestie”[Zie de tekst van uw artikel onder het notenapparaat]
Geachte Redactie,
Redactie, daar is ze weer:Deze keer niet over het Israelisch-Palestijnse conflict [1], hoewel daaroverlaatstelijk ook wel wat te becommentarieren valt [dat voor een andere keer]en ook niet over de Schiphol staking, waarover ik u recentelijk heb gekapitteld [2][zonder trouwens enige reactie uwerzijds, zoals onbeleefd, maar gebruikelijk]Neen, deze keer bekritiseer ik uw berichtgeving over een veel te ondergesneeuwde kwestie:De Westelijke Sahara en de Marokkaanse bezetting van dat gebied.
En met mijn laatste zin raak ik dan direct de essentie van mijn kritiek:Want mijn kritiek luidt onder andere [er komt nog meer], het feit, dat u inuw berichtgeving niet duidelijk en onverbloemd vermeldt, dat hier sprakeis van een jarenlange, Marokkaanse bezetting, maar blijk geeft van onduidelijke en verwarrende berichtgeving:Dit blijkt onder andere uit uw vermelding in de titel van uw artikel ”Westelijke Sahara kwestie” [3],een veel te neutrale term voor wat er werkelijk aan de hand is.Vervolgens refereert u in uw berichtgeving dan weer aan diebezetting, maar u formuleert het niet goed, door die bezetting ”omstreden” te noemen [4]Dat is niet juist:Onverbloemd IS hier sprake van een bezetting, die dan ook als zodanigdient te worden vermeld:Dan schrijft u in een extra commentaar  weliswaar over ”inlijving” [5], wat correct is , maar in hetzelfde stukje dan weer over ook over ”betwist gebied” [6], wat weer NIET klopt.Want aangezien die ”twist” gaat tussen deMarokkaanse bezetter en de bezette bevolking van de WestelijkeSahara [Sahrawi’s, zoals de correcte term luidt] en die bezettingillegaal is, is het woord ”betwist” niet op zijn plaats.
BEZETTING WESTELIJKE SAHARA:ACHTERGROND:Verder vermeldt u in uw toevoeging [grijs scherm] wel wat achtergrondinformatieover de historische ontwikkelingen [7], maar maar uwinformatie is voor de lezer niet duidelijk genoeg en bovendien incompleetDaarom het volgende:
Toen Spanje zich in 1975 uit de Westelijke Sahara terugtrok alskolonisator, wat dus strict genomen de onafhankelijkheid vande Westelijke Sahara zou moeten inluiden, werd het gebied binnengevallendoor Marokko en Mauretanie, die vervolgens met voormaligekolonisator Spanje de zogenaamde ”Madrid Accoorden’ [8]’, die neerkwamenop een koloniaal onderonsje:Want het kwam neer op een de facto verdeling van de Westelijke Sahara tussenMarokko en Mauretanie [9]In feite ging het land over van kolonisator naar bezetter, zonder enigrespect voor het zelfbeschikkingsrecht van de bevolking van deWestelijke Sahara. [10]
Maar daarmee was de zaak, in de moderne tijden waarin we leven, natuurlijkniet gedaan:In 1975 sprak het Internationaal Gerechtshof in Den Haag zich onverbloemduit tegen deze landverdeling door te verklaren, dat noch Marokko, noch Mauretanie enige soevereine zeggenschap hadden over de Westelijke Sahara [11]Bovendien werden die Madrid Accoorden niet erkend door de Verenigde Naties [12] wat het onrechtmatige karakter er verder door bevestigde.Zie voor meer achtergrondinformatie ook noot 13Daar komt nog bij, dat Marokko sinds jaar en dag het beloofde referendum,waarbij de bevolking van de Westelijke Sahara mag stemmen over hunstatus [onafhankelijke Staat of onderdeel van Marokko] systematischfrustreert [14]
ONDERDRUKKING
Ondanks het feit, dat de Marokkaanse bezetting/inlijving van de WestelijkeSahara door de Internationale Gemeenschap als illegaal wordt beschouwd [zie hierboven] en dus niet wordt erkend [15], gaat Marokko er vrolijk mee dooren handhaaft de bezetting dus.Bij bezetting hoort onderdrukking en over die onderdrukking hebbenmensenrechtenorganisaties als Amnesty International en Human Rights Watch uitgebreid gerapporteerd. [16]Onderdrukking van de vrijheid van meningsuiting, oneerlijkeprocessen, slechte behandeling van pro Westelijke Saharaanse onafhankelijkheidsactivisten, foltering, het ontzeggen van medische hulp,mishandelingen, het kan niet op! [17]

SPANJE TEGEN MAROKKAANSE BEZETTING WESTELIJKE SAHARA
Interessant is om bij u het volgende te lezen:
”In maart koos ook Spanje de kant van Marokko. Dat was een opmerkelijke stap, aangezien Spanje tot die tijd altijd fel tegen de omstreden Marokkaanse bezetting van de voormalige Spaanse kolonie was” [18]
Ontroerend, maar ik denk, dat u de geschiedenis watbeter zult moeten bestuderen:Nogmaals in herinnering:Ik schreef hierboven:”Toen Spanje zich in 1975 uit de Westelijke Sahara terugtrok alskolonisator, wat dus strict genomen de onafhankelijkheid vande Westelijke Sahara zou moeten inluiden, werd het gebied binnengevallendoor Marokko en Mauretanie, die vervolgens met voormaligekolonisator Spanje de zogenaamde ”Madrid Accoorden”En die Madrid Accoorden hielden in een verdeling van de WestelijkeSahara tussen Marokko en Mauretanie, met adhesie van Spanje! [18]Dus hoezo een ”verzet” van Spanje tegen de Marokkaanse bezetting?
EPILOOG
Er is genoeg hierover gezegd en ik heb mijn bezwaar tegen uwberichtgeving duidelijk belicht.Uw berichtgeving noemt Marokko niet duidelijk als bezetter, u gebruikt somswel de terminologie, maar doet die dan weer teniet door verwarrendetegeninformatie [zie bovenstaande] Ook is het handig, wanneer u vermeldt, dat zolang land A hetzij de grenzen en/of luchtruim, hetzij de defensieen/of buitenland beleid van land B controleert, land A een platte bezetterblijft [ik verwijs hier in noot 19 naar Israel en Gaza, de omstandighedenkomen overeen].
Dat daarbij de Marokkaanse inlijving van de Westelijke Sahara [die inlijvingnoemt u dan weer wel] internationaal is afgekeurd [zie wat ik hierover schreef]is een belangrijke factor, die u had moeten noemen.
Ik vind dit daarom zo belangrijk, omdat de Marokkaanse bezetting vande Westelijke Sahara nauwelijks tot geen internationale aandacht krijgten net zo in het middelpunt van de politieke en publieke aandacht zoumoeten staan als de Israelische bezetting van de Palestijnse gebieden.Want:WRONG IS WRONG
Enfin, ik hoop, dat u uit bovenstaande een en ander geleerd hebt ende volgende keer met een evenwichtigere en vooral duidelijkere berichtgevingkomt.
Vriendelijke groetenAstrid EssedAmsterdam 
VOOR UW GEMAK ZIJN DE NOTEN IN LINKS ONDERGEBRACHT
NOTEN:
NOTEN 1 T/M 10
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-1-t-m-10-nos-en-de-westelijke-sahara/

NOTEN 11 T/M 14
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-11-t-m-14-nos-en-de-westelijke-sahara/

NOTEN 15 T/M 19
https://www.astridessed.nl/noten-15-t-m-19-nos-en-de-westelijke-sahara/

ARTIKEL NOS
NOSOOK NEDERLAND STEUNT MAROKKO IN DE WESTELIJKESAHARA KWESTIE
https://nos.nl/artikel/2428430-ook-nederland-steunt-marokko-in-westelijke-sahara-kwestie

Nederland steunt de autonomieplannen van Marokko voor de door het koninkrijk geannexeerde regio Westelijke Sahara. Minister van Buitenlandse Zaken, Wopke Hoekstra, heeft dat bekendgemaakt op werkbezoek in Marokko.

Marokko heeft in 2007 voorgesteld dat de Westelijke Sahara een verregaande vorm van autonomie krijgt – maar dat het koninkrijk wel zeggenschap houdt over het buitenlands beleid en defensie. Onafhankelijkheidsbeweging Polisario heeft die plannen van Marokko verworpen.

De Nederlandse regering heeft nu zijn steun uitgesproken voor Marokko’s voorstel. Het autonomieplan wordt in de persverklaring omschreven als “een serieuze en geloofwaardige bijdrage aan het door de VN-geleide politieke proces”. De Verenigde Naties proberen al decennia tot een vreedzame oplossing te komen voor het sudderende conflict.

De Westelijke Sahara is ongeveer zes keer zo groot als Nederland en betwist gebied. Marokko heeft het in 1975 ingelijfd en landgenoten aangespoord zich er te vestigen. De door buurland Algerije gesteunde beweging Polisario kwam tegen de annexatie in verzet.

In 1991 werd er een staakt-het-vuren bereikt. De VN wilde aanvankelijk een referendum waarin de inwoners van de Westelijke Sahara zich uitspreken over zelfbeschikking, maar dat heeft nog altijd niet plaatsgevonden. De laatste jaren heeft de VN in het algemeen opgeroepen tot “een wederzijds acceptabele oplossing”.

Marokko’s autonomieplan heeft recent steeds meer internationale steun gekregen. Donald Trump sprak er in zijn laatste dagen als president van de Verenigde Staten in 2020 zijn steun voor uit. Ook erkende hij de aanspraak die het Noord-Afrikaanse land maakt op de betwiste regio. In ruil daarvoor is Marokko diplomatieke betrekkingen met Israël aangegaan.

In maart koos ook Spanje de kant van Marokko. Dat was een opmerkelijke stap, aangezien Spanje tot die tijd altijd fel tegen de omstreden Marokkaanse bezetting van de voormalige Spaanse kolonie was. Premier Sánchez noemde het een nieuwe fase in de relatie tussen de twee landen “gebaseerd op wederzijds respect”.

‘Hypocrisie’

Polisario reageerde verbolgen op de draai van Spanje. De beweging stelde dat de Spaanse regering was gezwicht voor “chantage en manipulatie”. Ook noemde Polisario het hypocriet dat de schending van het internationaal recht in Oekraïne wel in de schijnwerpers staat, maar die in de Westelijke Sahara niet.

Ook Nederland behoort nu tot de groeiende lijst van landen die het autonomieplan steunen. Polisario heeft er nog niet op gereageerd.

Hoekstra was vandaag in Marrakesh in gesprek met zijn Marokkaanse ambtgenoot Nasser Bourita. Er werd onder meer gesproken over de gezamenlijke aanpak van terrorisme, maar ook migratie, handel en cultuur stonden op de agenda.

EINDE ARTIKEL NOS

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor NOS: Noem Marokko luid en duidelijk de Bezetter van de Westelijke Sahara!

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