Monthly Archives: maart 2015

The Wars of the Roses/Manifesto of Margaret of Anjou to the citizens of London in 1461/Letter to Susan Higginbotham

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
AND ONE OF THE MAIN LEADERS OF THE WAR OF ROSES
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]

13501173331

_________________________________________

EDMUND BEAUFORT, 2ND DUKE OF SOMERSET, THE GREAT RIVAL
OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
HISTORICAL FICTION
King Edward IV.jpg

KING EDWARD IV, SON OF RICHARD, DUKE OF

YORK
HISTORICAL IMAGE

KING EDWARD IV, SON OF RICHARD, DUKE OF

YORK
HISTORICAL FICTION

image

RICHARD NEVILLE, 16TH EARL OF WARWICK, THE KINGMAKER
COUSIN TO EDWARD IV, FIRST ALLY TO HIS FATHER, RICHARD,
DUKE OF YORK, THEN TO KING EDWARD IV
LATER THEY BECAME ADVERSARIES AND THE KINGMAKER TURNED
TO MARGARET OF ANJOU [BECOMING A ”LANCASTRIAN] TO RESTORE HENRY VI TO THE THRONE
HE FAILED AND LOST HIS LIFE IN THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY
HIS DAUGHTER, ANNE, LATER BECAME QUEEN OF ENGLAND,
MARRIED TO KING RICHARD III [BROTHER TO KING EDWARD IV]
[FICTION]
KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]

TWO IMAGES OF MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[FICTION]
MANIFESTO OF MARGARET OF ANJOU TO THE CITIZENS OF
LONDON IN 1461/LETTER TO SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM
Dear Mrs Higginbotham
As you probably know, I am a great admirer of your interesting
historical novels, especially your  accurate historical research.
Perhaps you’ll remember that  I wrote you some comments on  your novel about
Margaret of Anjou ”Queen of Last Hopes”
See
Since then I wrote some critical remarks on your post
”If Margaret, why not Cecily?”
See your post
See my comments, which were published on your webliog
”History Refreshed”
MANIFESTO OF MARGARET OF ANJOU TO THE CITIZENS
OF LONDON IN 1461

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/Enmity between Margaret of Anjou and Richard, Duke of York/After the battle of Wakefield/Manifesto of Margaret of Anjou to the citizens of London in 1461

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
AND ONE OF THE MAIN LEADERS OF THE WAR OF ROSES
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 

13501173331

_________________________________________

EDMUND BEAUFORT, 2ND DUKE OF SOMERSET, THE GREAT RIVAL
OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
HISTORICAL FICTION
 
 
King Edward IV.jpg

KING EDWARD IV, SON OF RICHARD, DUKE OF

YORK
HISTORICAL IMAGE

KING EDWARD IV, SON OF RICHARD, DUKE OF

YORK
HISTORICAL FICTION

image

RICHARD NEVILLE, 16TH EARL OF WARWICK, THE KINGMAKER
COUSIN TO EDWARD IV, FIRST ALLY TO HIS FATHER, RICHARD,
DUKE OF YORK, THEN TO KING EDWARD IV
LATER THEY BECAME ADVERSARIES AND THE KINGMAKER TURNED
TO MARGARET OF ANJOU [BECOMING A ”LANCASTRIAN] TO RESTORE HENRY VI TO THE THRONE
HE FAILED AND LOST HIS LIFE IN THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY
HIS DAUGHTER, ANNE, LATER BECAME QUEEN OF ENGLAND,
MARRIED TO KING RICHARD III [BROTHER TO KING EDWARD IV]
[FICTION]
 
KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 

TWO IMAGES OF MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[FICTION]
ENMITY BETWEEN MARGARET OF ANJOU AND RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK/
AFTER THE BATTLE OF WAKEFIELD/MANIFESTO OF MARGARET OF
ANJOU TO THE CITIZENS OF LONDON IN 1461
I proudly present one of the rare documents I found in which Queen Margaret
of Anjou  refers to her great enemy, Richard, Duke of York.
It is to be read in a Manifesto she proclaimed to the citizens
of London concerning her military campaigns  after
See the text of the Manifesto  below
But first:
BACKGROUND

 

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/[Murreyandblue/WordPress.com]/Duke Richard the 3rd Duke of York (3), heir to the throne

DUKE RICHARD, THE 3RD DUKE OF YORK (3), HEIR TO

THE THRONE

The she-wolf of France, but worse than wolves of France

Whose tongue more poisons than an adders tooth

How ill beseeming it is in thy sex

To triumph like an amazon trull

(Henry VI Part 3)

St Albans and its significance

 

The first battle of St Albans represents a landmark in the dispute between York and Lancaster; not as the first battle of a civil war, since it was not that, or as their biggest or bloodiest battle, since it was not that either. Its importance lay in the fact that it represented the ultimate expression of York’s change of tack from being the king’s champion to being the realm’s champion.

 

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The Wars of the Roses/[Murreyandblue/WordPress.com]/Duke Richard the 3rd Duke of York ”……..the King’s true liegeman……?”

 

How now? Is Somerset at liberty?

Then, York unloose thy long-imprisoned thoughts

And let thy tongue be equal with thy heart.

Shall I endure the sight of Somerset?

(Shakespeare: Henry VI part 2)

On his return from service in Normandy, duke Richard was the king’s true liegeman and an obedient servant of the Lancastrian establishment: or so it seemed. If he blamed the government for his enormous debts incurred on the king’s service, he did not show it. If he resented the preferment of John Beaufort and two other Lancastrian earls, he did not show it. If he was angry at the loss of Anjou and Main as part of the queen’s marriage settlement, he did not show it. In fact his reticence was a remarkable display of sangfroid in the face of his worsening financial, dynastic and political situation. Whether this reflected his true feelings or not is doubtful. Although there was now a fracture in his bond of loyalty to the Lancastrian government, he could not afford a public show of pique. He was politically weak and only harm could come to him from making a fuss now. Discretion is indeed the better part of valour; York was keeping his own counsel and biding his time.

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/[Murreyandblue/WordPress.com]/Duke Richard of York (1), the man who would be king

 

 

On the 10th of October 1460, Richard Plantagenet 3rd duke of York walked into Westminster Hall wearing the full arms of England undifferenced. After a moment, he put his hand on the empty throne. When asked if he wished to see the king, he replied “I know of no one in the realm who would not more fitly come to me than I to him”. With those words, he declared to all those present that duke Richard had finally renounced his allegiance to king Henry VI and claimed the English crown by right of strict inheritance. York’s motive has puzzled historians ever since. Was it really his ‘natural disposition’ to champion the public interest, or was it the notion that he was the rightful king all along that stirred his ambition? This is the first of three essays in which I hope to explore that question from a personal perspective. I should add for the avoidance of doubt, that I have no intention of considering the validity duke Richard’s title: that is for another time. Neither is this a potted biography; I have included a few details of what I believe are some relevant friction points in his life for purely contextual reasons.

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The Wars of the Roses/[Rusell Butcher]/Propaganda in the prepared parliamentary speeches of 1455-1461

 

RUSELL BUTCHER
Propaganda, perceived by many as a twentieth-century phenomenon, has permeated recorded history. The mass propaganda of the world wars and cold war linger most in present memory, due not only to its chronological proximity, but also its potency. Earlier uses of propaganda can easily be overshadowed, in many cases considered mere bias. Yet it has always existed, and in England developed particularly in the years from 1455 to 1485, which saw a growth in the awareness for the need of propaganda to stabilise or undermine the regime in power. Many historians have made reference to propaganda in the prepared speeches in the parliamentary records for 1455-61, but few have scrutinised them as a whole as I intend to do here.

 

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[De Wereld Morgen]/Hoe men, vluchtend voor IS, zijn dood vindt aan de grens met Europa

 

HOE MEN, VLUCHTEND VOOR IS, ZIJN DOOD VINDT AAN DE GRENS MET EUROPA

Via Bulgarije proberen veel vluchtelingen, van de meest uiteenlopende nationaliteiten, Europa binnen te komen. Ze beginnen hun tocht door de illegaliteit in Turkije, aan de grens. Die was al gesloten voor Syriërs, en er worden hekken en muren opgetrokken. Aan deze vluchtpogingen kunnen mensensmokkelaars veel verdienen. En soms gaat het gruwelijk mis. Een reconstructie ter plekke.

 

 

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[Susan Higginbotham’s History Refreshed]/Two [maybe three] little nuns

On January 1, 1327, Queen Isabella, having executed her enemies and imprisoned her husband, King Edward II, turned her attention to much smaller matters: Hugh le Despenser the younger’s little daughters. On that day, the queen issued an order that Eleanor le Despenser be packed off to Sempringham, a Gilbertine priory in Lincolnshire, and veiled as a nun “without delay.” A similar order sent Margaret to Watton, another Gilbertine priory in Yorkshire. Coming just a few weeks after the brutal execution of the girls’ father and the imprisonment of their mother, the queen’s orders completed the unraveling of the privileged existence these girls had enjoyed.

Hugh le Despenser had left four sons and five daughters behind him. Isabel, the oldest of the girls, was about fourteen. She had been married as a child to Richard Fitzalan and thereby escaped her younger sisters’ fate.

 

 

 

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Tendentieuze en misleidende informatie Wikikids over het Israelisch-Palestijnse conflict/Beantwoording reactie Wikikids op mijn kritiek

DE VERWOESTING VAN PALESTINA
TOEN:
PALESTIJNSE VLUCHTELINGEN, VERDREVEN DOOR JOODS/
ZIONISTISCHE MILITIES OF UIT ANGST VOOR MASSASLACHTINGEN
ALS DEIR YASSSIN

Arabische Palestijnen op de vlucht in 1948

 

http://www.palestineremembered.com/index.html

DE VERWOESTING VAN PALESTINA
NU:

VERWOESTING GAZA
 ILLEGALE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN
TENDENTIEUZE EN MISLEIDENDE INFORMATIE WIKIKIDS OVER

HET ISRAELISCH-PALESTIJNSE CONFLICT/BEANTWOORDING
REACTIE WIKIKIDS OP MIJN KRITIEK
Naar aanleiding van de Israel rubriek van Wikikids.nl,
waarbij werd ingegaan op de geschiedenis
van  Israel, die was uitgesplitst in tot 1947  en
Wikikids een kritisch commentaar geschreven.

 

 

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Geschiedenis van het Israelisch-Palestijnse conflict/Brief aan Wikikids over tendentieuze en misleidende informatie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DE VERWOESTING VAN PALESTINA
TOEN:
PALESTIJNSE VLUCHTELINGEN, VERDREVEN DOOR JOODS/
ZIONISTISCHE MILITIES OF UIT ANGST VOOR MASSASLACHTINGEN
ALS DEIR YASSSIN

Arabische Palestijnen op de vlucht in 1948

 

http://www.palestineremembered.com/index.html

DE VERWOESTING VAN PALESTINA
NU:

VERWOESTING GAZA
 ILLEGALE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GESCHIEDENIS VAN HET ISRAELISCH-PALESTIJNSE CONFLICT/BRIEF AAN WIKIKIDS

OVER TENDENTIEUZE EN MISLEIDENDE INFORMATIE

AAN TEAM VAN WIKIKIDS

Onderwerp: ONJUISTE EN TENDENTIEUZE INFORMATIE IN

UW RUBRIEK ”ISRAEL”

”ISRAEL”

AAN HET TEAM VAN WIKIKIDS

 

Geachte heer/mevrouw,

Verontwaardiging, verbijstering en ontzetting maakten zich

van mij meester bij het lezen van uw kennisbank voor kinderen

jongeren over de geschiedenis en de hedendaagse situatie in Israel.[1]

Uw rubriek varieert van onjuiste historische beweringen, pure

geschiedvervalsing tot

vage en onduidelijke informatie tot pure Israelisch-zionistische

indoctrinatie en denigrerend neo koloniaal taalgebruik.

 

Het staat, eerlijk gezegd, zo bol van de onjuistheden en het verdedigen

van Israelische [oorlogs]misdaden, dat ik niet weet, waar te beginnen

of te eindigen.

Mijn betoog pretendeert dan ook niet, uw hele rubriek door te

lichten.

Wel zal ik er enkele zaken uitlichten, die mij het meest gestoord hebben.

Hierbij zal ik u voor alle duidelijkheid, citeren.

 

Verder zal ik mijn betoog opdelen in Deel I [tot 1947] en Deel II

[”Onafhankelijkheid” en na 1948]

 

DEEL I

”ISRAEL”/GESCHIEDENIS

TOT 1947

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