Tagarchief: Henry 3rd Earl of Lancaster

Thomas of Lancaster, rebel cousin of king Edward II/From warlord to Saint/Chapter Two

THOMAS OF LANCASTER, REBEL COUSIN OF KING EDWARD II/FROMWARLORD TO SAINT/CHAPTER TWO

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Thomas_Plantagenet,_2nd_Earl_of_LancasterTHOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONShttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,INTIMATE FRIEND ANS[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITYOF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDELMURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,INTIMATE FRIEND ANS[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITYOF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDELhttps://themortimersblog.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post-by-stephen-spinks/

File:Pontefract Castle.JPG

PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITECASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OFLINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOKPLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTEDhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontefract_Castle#Historyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontefract_Castle

manuscript-images-medieval-castles
Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 

EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTERAND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HEPASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..https://themortimersblog.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post-by-stephen-spinks/

Image result for thomas 2nd earl of lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTERhttp://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/thomasoflancaster.htm

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTERhttp://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_74.html

File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg

PLANTAGENETCOAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OFKING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I ANDFATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORShttp://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Thomas_Plantagenet,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster


Dear Readers
Recently I sent you chapter one of my ”book” article ”Thomas of Lancaster, rebel cousin of king Edward II, from warlord to Saint”It is a travel to 14th century history of England and narrates the turbulent lifeof Earl Thomas of Lancaster, who was one of the mightiest man of his Time, ,nobleman, warlord and cousin of king Edward II.And the most fascinating question:How does a warlord become a Saint?Read further, then you’ll get the answer…..
Because it is extended, I do you the favour of sending my major article to you in chapters
Recently chapter one
https://www.astridessed.nl/thomas-of-lancaster-rebel-cousin-of-king-edward-ii-from-warlord-to-saint-chapter-one/

Today, chapter twoENJOY and travel with me to 14 century England……

CHAPTER TWO

CHAPTER TWO
BEGINNING OF HIS CAREER/SERVICE UNDER HIS
UNCLE KING EDWARD I

In the beginning there seemed to be no trouble in paradise.
Grandson of King Henry III, nephew of King Edward I, who
probably arranged for him  the splendid marriage with Alice de
Lacy [70], daughter of Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln [71]
[by the death of his father in law, Henry de Lacy, Thomas was to inherit the
Earldoms of Lincoln and Salisbury, added to the Earldoms
he inherited from his father, Edmund Crouchback [72] namely Lancaster, Leicester and Derby, which made him one of the richest
nobles in the land] [73],
what stood in the way of a splendid career?

And it all seemed going just fine:

On reaching On reaching full age he became hereditary Sheriff of Lancashire, but spent most of the next ten years fighting for Edward I in Scotland, leaving the shrievalty in the care of deputies.[74]
He served his uncle King Edward I, by participating in the battle
of Falkirk in 1298. [75]

ASTRID ESSED

NOTES 1 – 250

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Thomas of Lancaster, rebel cousin of king Edward II/From warlord to Saint/Chapter Two

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Thomas of Lancaster, rebel cousin of king Edward II/From warlord to Saint/Chapter One

THOMAS OF LANCASTER, REBEL COUSIN OF KING EDWARD II

/FROM WARLORD TO SAINT

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Thomas_Plantagenet,_2nd_Earl_of_LancasterTHOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONShttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,INTIMATE FRIEND ANS[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITYOF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDELMURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,INTIMATE FRIEND ANS[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITYOF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDELhttps://themortimersblog.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post-by-stephen-spinks/

File:Pontefract Castle.JPG

PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITECASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OFLINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOKPLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTEDhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontefract_Castle#Historyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontefract_Castle

manuscript-images-medieval-castles
Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 

EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTERAND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HEPASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..https://themortimersblog.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/a-royal-traitor-the-life-execution-of-thomas-of-lancaster-a-guest-post-by-stephen-spinks/

Image result for thomas 2nd earl of lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTERhttp://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/thomasoflancaster.htm

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTERhttp://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_74.html

File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg

PLANTAGENETCOAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OFKING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I ANDFATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORShttp://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Thomas_Plantagenet,_2nd_Earl_of_Lancaster

Chapter one

Travelling to 14th century Medieval England….

INTRODUCTION:Readers,
This is a fascinating story about
Thomas of Lancaster and the persons
and events that played an important part in his
life in a very turbulent time.
But like
all fascinating stories, it is not told
in two minutes. It is a real longread.

To understand the political situation
in the early fourteenth century, especially
chapter one, four and five are important.
Chapters six describes the outbreak of the
war between Thomas and his cousin
the King, the chapters seven and eight the
dramatic end.
Chapters nine and ten, what happened
thereafter.

And I end with the Epilogue, giving my final opinionabout the life and activitities of Thomas of Lancaster.Read all the Chapters with care and attention and you
will enter the Medieval world…..
As the attentive reader will know, I have editedmy ”Book” before
https://www.astridessed.nl/thomas-of-lancaster-rebel-cousin-of-king-edward-iifrom-warlord-to-saint/

OR
https://www.dewereldmorgen.be/community/thomas-of-lancaster-rebel-cousin-of-king-edward-ii-from-warlord-to-saint/

But to make it easily readable for my readers, who enjoy history like me, I’ll send itto you in different chapters, so for you it is more easy to read and newreaders can wonder, how the story goes on
SO HERE COMES FIRSTCHAPTER ONEThe next chapters you’ll see in the next days
ENJOY!
BEFORE CHAPTER ONE
”When you play the game of thrones, you win or you die.
There is no middle ground”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ You_Win_or_You_Die
How many warlords were proclaimed ”holy” after
their death and were venerated as Saints?
Not many, I presume…..
Read further  and experience the excitement of a turbulent
time, with violent, lawless men, thirsty for power.Come with me…..Today I, your travel companion through the Middle Ages, introduce to you
an extroardinary man, who was a warlord, England’s
de facto ruler for certainly four years,  fighting his cousin
King Edward II for nearly ten years.His name was Thomas, the second Earl of Lancaster [1].
No, NOT to be confused with his younger  brother Henry, third Earl of Lancaster, [2]
one of the ancestors of the House of Lancaster [3], that branch of
the Plantagenet Royal House, which fought
a battle to the death with another Plantagenet branch,
the House of York [4] in the Wars of the Roses. [5]
This was Thomas, second Earl of Lancaster, lesser
known, but in his time, a man of power and absolutely not insignificant.
That’s the reason I write about him, because I feel
people should know more about him.Besides:He intrigues me
Because as I said,  not only he was the de facto ruler in England
for certainly four years, fighting his cousin, King Edward II
for many years and making his own laws.

But again:

How many warlords end up ”holy”, as a Saint?

Follow me, through the chapters of history, containing
power,treason, ambition, passion
deceit, cruelty, but also….chivalry….
CHAPTER ONE

A

IN GENERAL/
FAMILY TIES/HISTORICAL CONFLICTS BETWEEN
KINGS AND BARONS/PERSONAL LIFE/POWER AND WEALTH

FAMILY TIES (1)

Thomas was the first cousin of  King Edward II
[King from 1307-1327] [6], since Thomas’ father, Edmund
Crouchback, the first Earl of Lancaster [7], was the younger brother of King Edward I [8],
,father of Edward II.
But he also was the uncle of Queen Isabella of France [9] [wife
of Edward II and daughter of the French King, Philip IV, the Fair,
the Hammer of the Templars] [10], since he was the half-brother
of her mother, Joan I of Navarre [wife of King Philip IV] [11]

Yes my readers, so complicated were the family relations of the
English nobility, not only because of internarriage
with each other, but also with French nobility [also Spanish,
Flemish and other, but often, French]

To give another example to ”tease” you a little and showing
the complexity of noble family relations:

Edward II had two halfbrothers, Thomas, Earl of
Norfolk [12] and Edmund, Earl of Kent [13], since
his father Edward I remarried after the death of his first wife,
Edward II’s mother, Eleanor of Castile. [14]

But the wife he remarried, was Margaret of France. [15]
the sister of the French
King, Philip IV [the Fair] [16], father of Isabella, future wife
of Edward II
[on the moment Edward I married the lady, Isabella was not
yet married to Edward II]

SO:
The Earls of Norfolk and Kent [halfbrothers of Edward II]
were, of course, the brothers in law of Queen Isabella, but
also her first cousins, since their mother, Queen Margaret of France [17], was
also the sister of Isabella’s  father, King Philip IV, the Fair. [18]

No wonder Papal Dispensation was often needed for noble
marriages! [19]

B

CONFLICT SEEN IN A BROADER LIGHT/ABOUT
CENTRALIZATION AND DECENTRALIZATION

Let’s go to Thomas’ interesting, but turbulent life, in a turbulent
time, which led to the disaster of many, including the King. [20]

As shows the story, Thomas of Lancaster had a major conflict with the
King, was four years long the uncrowned King and  two times
leader of oppositional barons against King’s power, leading two
rebellions against the King. [21]

Now some sources called Thomas lawless, violent and powerseeking. [22]
He may have been all that [I am not going to deny that, on the contrary],
but it is shortsighted to see the conflict only from that personal point of view.

It’s more complicated:

Because this was not only a conflict between two powerful men,
cousins, one the King and the other close to the throne.
No:
Moreover this conflict revealed the eternal struggle between centralization and
decentralization.
Between a King and his feudal lords about who should control
the country.

When the King was a ”strong leader”, like Edward I [23], he held the
nobles in order, when the authority was weaker, the nobles
gained power.
The causes of a weak authority may have differed, but fact was,
that nobility, of course, took advantage of weak leadership.

C

EARLIER CONFLICTS BETWEEN KINGS AND THEIR BARONS [24]

KING JOHN [LACKLAND] AND HIS BARONS

As I wrote, apart from the specific circumstances [see below], the fight
between Edward II and his cousin, Thomas of Lancaster has to be viewed
in a broader light:
The struggle between centralization [the Kings absolute power, ”divine
majesty”] [25]
and decentralization [increasing inluence of his feudal lords, the nobility].

Edward II was not the first King, who had serious conflicts with his barons

As well as his greatgrandfather John Lackland [John, King of England], [26]
as his grandfather, King Henry III [27], clashed with their barons:

Because the times changed:

Were John Lackland’s father, King Henry II [28], as his brother, Richard I
of England [The Lion Heart] [29], kings, who ruled on the basis, that the King was
”above the law” [divine majesty”]
, in the time of John Lackland,
there were contrary opinions expressed about the nature of kingship, and many contemporary writers believed that monarchs should rule in accordance with the custom and the law, and take counsel of the leading members of the realm. [30]

[31]
Now John Lackland was, as a person,  hard to
deal with and increasing troubles were ahead:

He had a serious conflict with Pope Innocentius III [32], which resulted in
an interdict of England [33] and John’s excommunication [34]
King John was  reported nearly to have converted to Islam in order
to get support from Caliph Nasir, asking for help…..[35]

He clashed [almost from the beginning of his reign]
with his barons, wanting to hold on

his ”rights” and claimed an “almost imperial status” for himself as ruler. [36]

This resulted in a number of wars with the barons, leading
to the Magna Charta in 1315, enlarging the power of the barons. [37]

KING HENRY III AND HIS BARONS/SIMON DE
MONTFORT

During the reign of King Henry III [38], son of John Lackland and
grandfather of Edward II, at first peace seemed to be restored with
the barons. [39]

But…..nothing lasts forever!

Henry faced a true crisis with the barons, who rose against him
under the leadership of Henry’s brother in law, Simon de Montfort,
6th Earl of Leicester [40], who had [seen in the light of that
time], radical reform ideas. [41]
He was the de facto ruler of England for less than a year. [42]
and is known to have established a Parliament, with not only
the barons and the knights of the shires [43], but also burgesses
[44] of the major towns. [45]
This parliament is sometimes referred to as the first English parliament and Montfort himself is often termed the founder of the Commons.[46]

At the end, he died in the battle of Evesham in 1265, beaten by
the troops of prince Edward [eldest son of Henry III], the latter King
Edward I [47]

In sofar there is a similarity with Thomas of Lancaster, who also ruled England
[de facto] and seemed to have been influenced by
Simon de Montfort’s ideas. [48]

That being said:
Yet I think, that Thomas, far more than Simon de Montfort,
had a personal power motive to wage war on his cousin Edward II.

Besides I don’t think, that Thomas of Lancaster was interested in more
reforms than greater power for the barons.

D

THOMAS OF LANCASTER, DESCENT AND FAMILY TIES [EXTENDED] (2)

Thomas of Lancaster [c 1278-1322], who became the great adversary of his cousin
King Edward II, was the eldest son of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl
of Lancaster [49], who
was the second son of King Henry III [50], and brother of King Edward I. [51]
Thomas’ younger brother was Henry, [later the 3rd Earl of Lancaster] [52], ancestor
of the House of Lancaster.  [53]

SO:
He was the cousin of King Edward II, since his father [Edmund Crouchback] was
the brother of Edward II’s father, King Edward I.

Thomas’ mother was Blanche of Artois [54], daughter of Count
Robert I of Artois [55], who was the son of the French King Louis
VIII [56] and the brother of King Louis IX [also called ”Saint Louis”] [57]
Which made Blanche the niece of King Louis [IX]
”Saint Louis”

SO:
Thomas of Lancaster descended from both English and French royal
Houses, being the grandson of King Henry III and the greatgrandson
of the French King Louis VIII.

A good Medieval curriculum vitae!

But there was more to the story:

When his mother, Blanche of Artois, married his father,
Edmund Crouchback, she was a Dowager Queen, having been
married with King Henry I of Navarre. [58]
From that marriage, a daughter was born, Joan I of Navarre. [59]

And this Joan I of Navarre was the mother of Isabella of
France, the wife of King Edward II.

Thomas was, therefore, the cousin of King Edward II, and
the uncle of Queen Isabella of France!

E
THOMAS OF LANCASTER/PERSONAL LIFE

Thomas of Lancaster was married with Alice de Lacy [60], daughter
and heiress of Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln [61].
Jure uxoris [inheritance by the right of a wife] [62] Thomas had inherited in 1311 the lands of his father in law,
for which he paid homage to King Edward II [quite a story! See below] [63],
which made him rich and powerful, in combination with the lands he had
inherited from his father. [64]
The marriage is assumed to be unhappy [65] and they had no children together.
Although, Thomas fathered, llegitimately, two sons with another woman. [66]

Alice was abducted in 1317 by Richard de St Martin, a knight in the service
of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey. [67]
This incident caused a feud between Lancaster and Surrey; Lancaster divorced his wife and seized two of Surrey’s castles in retaliation. King Edward then intervened, and the two Earls came to an
uneasy truce.[68]

F

POWER AND WEALTH

Because of his royal position and the inherited lands of his
father and father in law, Thomas was one of the richest and
most powerful men in England.
His annual income was a huge eleven thousand pounds. [69]

Of course it was easy for a that powerful man to raise
an army, when the time was ripe…..

SEE YOU SOON, FOR CHAPTER TWO

ASTRID ESSED

NOTES 1 – 250

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The Treaty of Leake/700 years anniversary of the Fake reconciliation of two royal enemies/Edward II and his cousin, Thomas of Lancaster

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).

THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONS

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
File:Pontefract Castle.JPG
PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITE
CASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OF
LINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]
IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOK
PLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTED

manuscript-images-medieval-castles

Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 
EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTER
AND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HE
PASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..
File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg
PLANTAGENET
COAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OF
KING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I AND
FATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORS
King Edward II met Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, at Leake and together they “signed” the Treaty

 


KING EDWARD AND HIS REBEL COUSIN, THOMAS OF LANCASTER,
WHO SIGNED THE TREATY OF LEAKE

 

THE TREATY OF LEAKE/700 YEARS ANNIVERSARY OF THE
FAKE RECONCILIATION BETWEEN TWO
ROYAL ENEMIES/EDWARD II AND HIS COUSIN, THOMAS OF LANCASTER
9 AUGUST 1318- 9 AUGUST 2018
700 YEARS ANNIVERSARY OF THE TREATY OF LEAKE!
Dear Readers,
Here is your Companion at the travelling to Medieval Times again
and this time she is EXTRA thrilled!
Because she is writing this TODAY, 9 AUGUST 2018,
when it is exactly 700 YEARS AGO, when  King Edward II and his royal cousin
and enemy rival to  Power, Thomas of Lancaster
 [about whom I wrote a sort of mini book
[HAHAHA] [1] signed the Treaty of Leake [2], at Leake, a village
in Nottinghamshire with the meaning
of ending up  their enmities.
QUOD NON!

 

 

Verder lezen

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King Henry IV was not the son of Katherine Swynford!/My comments on ”Richard II, the last of the PLantagenets?”

Richard II King of England.jpg

Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
KING RICHARD II, WHO PASSED THROUGH DISASTER AND
ENDED SO TRAGICALLY AT PONTEFRACT
Image result for Henry of Bolingbroke/Images
Henry IV
Illumination of Henry IV (cropped).jpg
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, THE LATER KING
HENRY IV,  COUSIN OF
KING RICHARD II, WHO USURPED RICHARD II AND
THUS TRIGGERED THE SEED FOR THE WARS
OF THE ROSES [SINCE EDMUND MORTIMER, GRANDSON
OF BOLINGBROKE’S AND KING RICHARD’S  UNCLE LIONEL OF ANTWERP,
CAME BEFORE HIM IN THE LINE OF SUCCESSSION:
LIONEL OF ANTWERP WAS THE SECOND SURVIVING SON OF
KING EDWARD III, GRANDFATHER OF BOTH BOLINGBROKE AND
RICHARD II
WHILE BOLINGBROKE’S FATHER, JOHN OF GAUNT, WAS THE
THIRD SON OF KING EDWARD III]
DURING THE REIGN OF KING HENRY VI, GRANDSON OF
KING HENRY IV, THE WARS OF THE ROSES BROKE OUT,
BETWEEN TWO BRANCHES OF THE HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
THE HOUSE OF YORK, LED BY RICHARD, 3RD DUKE OF
YORK [FATHER OF KING EDWARD IV AND KING RICHARD III],
WHO WAS THE NEPHEW OF THE CHILDLESS EDMUND MORTIMER
[SON OF HIS SISTER ANN MORTIMER] AND THEREFORE HAD A
SUPERIOR CLAIM ON THE ENGLISH THRONE.
AND
THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER
LED BY KING HENRY VI [ACTUALLY BY HIS WIFE, MARGARET
OF ANJOU, SINCE HENRY VI HAD PSYCHIC PROBLEMS]
AND THE BEAUFORTS, DESCENDANTS OF THE HALFBROTHERS
OF HENRY IV [SONS OF HIS FATHER JOHN OF GAUNT,
DUKE OF LANCASTER AND KATHERINE SWYNFORD, HIS
THIRD WIFE, WHILE HENRY IV WAS THE SON OF JOHN
OF GAUNT’S FIRST WIFE, BLANCHE OF LANCASTER,
HEIRESS OF THE LANCASTER ESTATES
FROM HER FIRST HER HUSBAND
JOHN OF GAUNT AND LATER HER SON HENRY IV
INHERITED THE LANCASTER LANDS AND TITLES]
John of Gaunt
Johnofgaunt.jpg
JOHN OF GAUNT, UNCLE OF KING RICHARD III AND FATHER OF
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, THE LATER KING HENRY IV
HIS FIRST WIFE WAS BLANCHE OF LANCASTER,
DAUGHTER OF HENRY OF GROSMONT, THE FIRST DUKE OF
LANCASTER, AND GRANDDAUGHTER OF EARL HENRY,
3RD EARL OF LANCASTER
IURE UXORIS [BY THE RIGHT OF HIS WIFE] JOHN OF GAUNT
INHERITED THE TITLES AND LANCASTER LANDS OF
HIS WIFE, WHICH MADE HIM DUKE OF LANCASTER
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, HIS AND BLANCHE’S SON,
INHERITED THOSE LANDS AND TITLES AFTER HIS
DEATH [RICHARD II FIRSTLY DISINHERITED HIS
COUSIN HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, WHO ROSE AGAINST
HIM, DEPOSED HIM AND THEN HAD HIS RIGHTFUL TITLES
AND LANDS]
Tomb of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster.jpg
BLANCHE OF LANCASTER [WITH HER HUSBAND, JOHN OF GAUNT]
DAUGHTER OF HENRY OF GROSMONT, THE FIRST DUKE OF
LANCASTER, AND GRANDDAUGHTER OF EARL HENRY,
3RD EARL OF LANCASTER
SHE WAS THE MOTHER OF HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, LATER
KING HENRY IV
 
 
SO ”INTRUIGING HISTORY” MADE A FAULT BY STATING THAT
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE [HENRY IV] WAS THE SON
OF JOHN OF GAUNT AND HIS MISTRESS AND GREAT LOVE
KATHERINE SWYNFORD, WITH WHOM HE MARRIED LATER,
MAKING TO HIS THIRD WIFE
THAT IS NOT TRUE!
HIS MOTHER WAS BLANCHE OF LANCASTER!
 
KATHERINE SWYNFORD WAS THE MOTHER OF THE LATER
LEGITIMATED BEAUFORTS [CHILDREN OF HER AND JOHN
OF GAUNT, BORN DURING HIS SECOND MARRIAGE WITH
CATHERINE OF CASTILE, DAUGHTER OF PETER THE CRUEL,
KING OF CASTILE], WHO PLAYED A LARGE PART DURING
THE WARS OF THE ROSES
 
 
 

 

 

KING HENRY IV WAS NOT THE SON OF KATHERINE SWYNFORD!/MY COMMENTS
ON ”RICHARD II KING 1377-99, THE LAST OF THE PLANTAGENETS?”

 

Dear Readers,
Here is your supplier of Medieval history, again
HAHAHA
ABOUT RICHARD II AND THE LINE OF SUCCESSION
TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
This time a short, but interesting travel to the times of
king Richard II [1], son of the famous Black Prince [2]
and grandson of king Edward III.

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Thomas of Lancaster, rebel cousin of King Edward II/From warlord to Saint

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).

THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONS

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
File:Pontefract Castle.JPG
PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITE
CASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OF
LINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]
IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOK
PLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTED

manuscript-images-medieval-castles

Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 
EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTER
AND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HE
PASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..
Image result for thomas 2nd earl of lancaster
THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg
PLANTAGENET
COAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OF
KING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I AND
FATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORS
VENERATION CULTUS OF THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER
”SAINT THOMAS” [THOMAS THE MARTYR]
PICTURE BELOW:

DEVOTIONAL PANEL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER, PICTURING

HIS BEHEADING OUTSIDE OF PONTEFRACT CASTLE
A DEVOTIONAL PANEL WAS A RELIGIOUS OBJECT, SOLD
ON PILGRIMAGE TO COMMEMORATE AND VENERATE
SAINTS AND MARTYRS

A photo of a small dark silver religious panel depicting the beheading of a medieval man

The beheading of the Earl is portrayed within the panel© MOLA / Andy Chopping
Image result for henry 3rd earl of lancaster
HENRY, 3TH EARL OF LANCASTER, BROTHER OF THOMAS,
2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, ANCESTOR OF
THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER
HE DIDN’T PARTICIPATE
IN HIS BROTHER’S REBELLIONS, BUT JOINED THE INVASION
OF ISABELLA OF FRANCE [ESTRANGED WIFE OF EDWARD II]
AND HER [POSSIBLE] LOVER ROGER MORTIMER, AGAINST
HIS COUSIN EDWARD II, WHICH LED TO A GENERAL UPRISING’
AGAINST EDWARD II AND THE DESPENSERS
HENRY WAS ONE OF THE ”JUDGES” OF HUGH DESPENSER, THE
ELDER, 1ST EARL OF WINCHESTER IN 1326, WHO HAD BEEN ONE
OF THE ”JUDGES” IN THE MOCK TRIAL AGAINST HENRY”
S OWN BROTHER THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
AND WAS CO RESPONSIBLE FOR THOMAS’  EXECUTION IN 1322
HUGH DESPENSER THE ELDER ALSO GOT A MOCK TRIAL, WHICH WAS
A PARODY OF THE TRIAL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER…
.

 

 

 

 

THOMAS OF LANCASTER, REBEL COUSIN OF KING EDWARD II

/FROM WARLORD TO SAINT

INTRODUCTION:

Readers,
This is a fascinating story about
Thomas of Lancaster and the persons
and events that played an important part in his
life in a very turbulent time.
But like
all fascinating stories, it is not told
in two minutes. It is a real longread.
My advice to my you:
READ IT LIKE A BOOK!
Don’t read all chapters at one time,
because you will be overwhelmed, unless
you are totally fascinated.

Or when you are pressed with time, with time, read the Epilogue,

which gives my final opinion about Thomas of Lancaster and a
summary of this fascinating story….

To understand the political situation
in the early fourteenth century, especially
chapter one, four and five are important.
Chapters six describes the outbreak of the
war between Thomas and his cousin
the King, the chapters seven and eight the
dramatic end.
Chapters nine and ten, what happened
thereafter.

And I end with the Epilogue, giving my final opinion
about the life and activitities of Thomas of Lancaster.
Read all the Chapters with care and attention and you
will enter the Medieval world…..

 

 

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Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, rebel cousin of King Edward II/From warlord to Saint

File:Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster.jpg
THOMAS 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas of Lancaster’s main possessions (Maddicott).

THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S MAIN POSSESSIONS

7626ba0b19e62826ef9090c93b10a11b.jpg

MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
MURDER OF PIERS GAVESTON,
INTIMATE FRIEND ANS
[POSSIBLE] LOVER OF KING EDWARD II, UNDER THE DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
OF THE EARLS OF LANCASTER, WARWICK, HEREFORD AND ARUNDEL
 
 
File:Pontefract Castle.JPG
PONTEFRACT CASTLE, THOMAS OF LANCASTER’S FAVOURITE
CASTLE [INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER IN LAW, HENRY DE LACY, 3TH EARL OF
LINCOLN, AT HIS DEATH IN 1311]
IN HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE HIS SOCALLED ”TRIAL” TOOK
PLACE AND NEAR HIS FAVOURITE CASTLE,  IRONICALLY,  HE WAS EXECUTED

manuscript-images-medieval-castles

Edward was twice jeered by Lancaster’s garrison at Pontefract in 1317 & 1320 as he passed from north to south 
EDWARD II WAS TWICE JEERED BY THOMAS OF LANCASTER
AND HIS HOUSEHOLD, IN AT PONTEFRACT IN 1317 AND 1320, WHEN HE
PASSED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH…..
Image result for thomas 2nd earl of lancaster
THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster

THE EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
File:Edmund Crouchback Arms.svg
PLANTAGENET
COAT OF ARMS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK [SON OF
KING HENRY III, BROTHER OF KING EDWARD I AND
FATHER OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER], THOMAS,
EARL OF LANCASTER AND HIS SUCCESSORS
VENERATION CULTUS OF THOMAS, EARL OF LANCASTER
”SAINT THOMAS” [THOMAS THE MARTYR]
PICTURE BELOW:

DEVOTIONAL PANEL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER, PICTURING

HIS BEHEADING OUTSIDE OF PONTEFRACT CASTLE
A DEVOTIONAL PANEL WAS A RELIGIOUS OBJECT, SOLD
ON PILGRIMAGE TO COMMEMORATE AND VENERATE
SAINTS AND MARTYRS

A photo of a small dark silver religious panel depicting the beheading of a medieval man

The beheading of the Earl is portrayed within the panel© MOLA / Andy Chopping
Image result for henry 3rd earl of lancaster
HENRY, 3TH EARL OF LANCASTER, BROTHER OF THOMAS,
2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, ANCESTOR OF
THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER
HE DIDN’T PARTICIPATE
IN HIS BROTHER’S REBELLIONS, BUT JOINED THE INVASION
OF ISABELLA OF FRANCE [ESTRANGED WIFE OF EDWARD II]
AND HER [POSSIBLE] LOVER ROGER MORTIMER, AGAINST
HIS COUSIN EDWARD II, WHICH LED TO A GENERAL UPRISING’
AGAINST EDWARD II AND THE DESPENSERS
HENRY WAS ONE OF THE ”JUDGES” OF HUGH DESPENSER, THE
ELDER, 1ST EARL OF WINCHESTER IN 1326, WHO HAD BEEN ONE
OF THE ”JUDGES” IN THE MOCK TRIAL AGAINST HENRY”
S OWN BROTHER THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
AND WAS CO RESPONSIBLE FOR THOMAS’  EXECUTION IN 1322
HUGH DESPENSER THE ELDER ALSO GOT A MOCK TRIAL, WHICH WAS
A PARODY OF THE TRIAL OF THOMAS OF LANCASTER…
.
THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, REBEL COUSIN OF KING EDWARD II

/FROM WARLORD TO SAINT

INTRODUCTION:

Readers,
This is a fascinating story about
Thomas of Lancaster and the persons
and events that played an important part in his
life in a very turbulent time.
But like
all fascinating stories, it is not told
in two minutes. It is a real longread.
My advice to my you:
READ IT LIKE A BOOK!
Don’t read all chapters at one time,
because you will be overwhelmed, unless
you are totally fascinated.

Or when you are pressed with time, with time, read the Epilogue,

which gives my final opinion about Thomas of Lancaster and a
summary of this fascinating story….

To understand the political situation
in the early fourteenth century, especially
chapter one, four and five are important.
Chapters six describes the outbreak of the
war between Thomas and his cousin
the King, the chapters seven and eight the
dramatic end.
Chapters nine and ten, what happened
thereafter.

And I end with the Epilogue, giving my final opinion
about the life and activitities of Thomas of Lancaster.
Read all the Chapters with care and attention and you
will enter the Medieval world…..

 

 

 

 

 

 

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Edward II’s coronation oath, 25 February 1308

A man in half figure with short, curly hair and a hint of beard is facing left. He wears a coronet and holds a sceptre in his right hand. He has a blue robe over a red tunic, and his hands are covered by white, embroidered gloves. His left hand seems to be pointing left, to something outside the picture.
Portrait in Westminster Abbey, thought to be of Edward I,
father of Edward II
EDWARD I OF ENGLAND, ”LONGSHANKS”
THE ”HAMMER” OF THE SCOTS
KING EDWARD II
Image result
Edward II - detail of tomb.jpg
EFFIGY OF KING EDWARD II IN GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL
Isabella of France.jpg
EDWARD II”S WIFE, ISABELLA OF FRANCE
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE
A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
Image result for she wolf of france
FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
HERE SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER [VERY LIKELY] LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Related image
KING EDWARD III, SON OF EDWARD II AND ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
FICTION

 

 

EDWARD II’S CORONATION OATH, 25 FEBRUARY 1308
SEE AT THE LEFT SIDE OF
EDWARD TOOK HIS OATH IN FRENCH

Edward II’s coronation oath, 25 February 1308

Sire, volez vous graunter, è garder, &, par vostre serment, confermer au poeple d’Engleterre les leys, & les custumes, à eux grauntees par les auntiens Rois d’Engleterre, voz predecessours droitures & devotz a DIEU; & nomement les lois, les custumes, & les fraunchises, grantez au clerge, è au poeple par le glorieus Roi seint Edward, vostre predecessour? Jeo les grante & promette. Sire, garderez vous à DIEU, & seinte eglise, & au clerge, & au poeple paes, & acord en DIEU entierment, solonc vostre poer? Jeo les garderai. Sire, freez vous faire, en touz voz jugementz, ovele & droit justice & discretion, en misericorde & verite, à vostre poer? Jeo le frai. Sire, graunte vous à tenir & garder les loys & les custumes droitureles, les quiels la communaute de vostre roiaume aura esleu, & les defendrez & afforcerez, al honour de DIEU, à vostre poer? Jeo les graunte & promette.

Edward II’s coronation oath: translation

Sire, will you grant and keep and by your oath confirm to the people of England the laws and customs given to them by the previous just and god-fearing kings, your ancestors, and especially the laws, customs, and liberties granted to the clergy and people by the glorious king, the sainted Edward, your predecessor? I grant and promise them. Sire, will you in all your judgments, so far as in you lies, preserve to God and Holy Church, and to the people and clergy, entire peace and concord before God? I will preserve them.Sire, will you, so far as in you lies, cause justice to be rendered rightly, impartially, and wisely, in compassion and in truth? I will do so. Sire, do you grant to be held and observed the just laws and customs that the community of your realm shall determine, and will you, so far as in you lies, defend and strengthen them to the honour of God? I grant and promise them.

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Edward II and Isabella/Reaction to the comments of Kathryn Warner[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]

Image result for philip iv of france
KING PHILIP THE FAIR, FATHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE
Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE
iImage result for she wolf of france

FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Image result for roger mortimer
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH, PARTNER
IN CRIME AND MOST LIKELY LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
Isabella and Roger Mortimer.jpg

15th-century manuscript illustration depicting Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in the foreground
ROGER MORTIMER AND QUEEN ISABELLA ON THE FOREGROUND
15TH CENTURY HISTORICAL  IMAGE

HISTORICAL IMAGE
HUGH LE DESPENSER THE YOUNGER, [ALONG WITH HIS
FATHER, THE ELDER] FAVOURITE TO KING EDWARD II,
WHO DIED A HORRIBLE DEATH AT THE ORDERS OF
QUEEN ISABELLA AND [MOST LIKELY] LOVER
ROGER MORTIMER AFTER THE INVASION OF
ISABELLA AND MORTIMER, WHICH LED TO THE DOWNFALL
AND FINAL DEATH OF KING EDWARD II

EDWARD II AND ISABELLA IN FICTION/REACTION TO THE
COMMENTS OF KATHRYN WARNER [EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT]
ABOUT ”THE SHE WOLF OF FRANCE” BY MAURICE DRUON

This [rather long] article is divided in

A

KATHRYN WARNER’S POSTS

B

HISTORY OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE FOURTEENTH
CENTURY/
ENGLAND AND FRANCE

C

MY COMMENTS ON THE POST OF KATHRYN WARNER
ON HER BLOG: EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT

D

TEXT OF KATHRYN WARNER’S POST, ON WHICH
I COMMENT
TO MY READERS

In this article, for the second time a critical comment
on historian/writer Kathryn Warner’s remarks about
the historical novel ”The She Wolf of France”, from
the French historian/writer Maurice Druon.

See her comments

http://edwardthesecond.blogspot.nl/2006/05/edward-ii-novel-of-week-2-she-wolf-of.html

Below I give  my readers a further explanation
about Warner’s posts as well [what’s more important!]
background information about
the first half of
the fourtheenth century, regarding France and England.

But who knows already a lot about this
historical period, skip directly to

”MY COMMENTS ON THE POST OF KATHRYN WARNER
ON HER BLOG: EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT”

For the rest of my readers

ENJOY THIS TRAVEL TO THE PAST AND READ BELOW!

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The She Wolf of France by Maurice Druon/Reaction on the comments of Kathryn Warner/EdwardthesecondBlogspot

Image result for philip iv of france
KING PHILIP THE FAIR, FATHER OF ISABELLA OF
FRANCE

Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE

iImage result for she wolf of france

FICTION
ISABELLA OF FRANCE DAUGHTER OF THE FRENCH
KING PHILIP IV, THE FAIR
WIFE OF KING EDWARD II,
MOTHER OF THE LATER KING EDWARD III
SISTER TO THE SUCCEEDING KINGS
LOUIS X OF FRANCE, PHILIP V OF FRANCE, CHARLES
IV OF FRANCE
SHE IS ACCOMPANIED BY HER LADY IN WAITING, JOAN
DE GENEVILLE [DE JOINVILLE, OF FRENCH DESCENT],
WIFE OF ROGER MORTIMER, LATER LOVER OF
QUEEN ISABELLA
IMAGE FICTION, FROM THE FILM
”LES ROIS MUADITS” [THE ACCURSED KINGS]
Image result for The Accursed Kings/Images
ISABELLA OF FRANCE, FICTION, FROM
THE FILM ”LES ROIS MAUDITS”

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Image result for roger mortimer
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH, PARTNER
IN CRIME AND MOST LIKELY LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
 
 
 

Isabella and Roger Mortimer.jpg

15th-century manuscript illustration depicting Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in the foreground
ROGER MORTIMER AND QUEEN ISABELLA ON THE FOREGROUND
15TH CENTURY HISTORICAL  IMAGE

HISTORICAL IMAGE
HUGH LE DESPENSER THE YOUNGER, [ALONG WITH HIS
FATHER, THE ELDER] FAVOURITE TO KING EDWARD II,
WHO DIED A HORRIBLE DEATH AT THE ORDERS OF
QUEEN ISABELLA AND [MOST LIKELY] LOVER
ROGER MORTIMER AFTER THE INVASION OF
ISABELLA AND MORTIMER, WHICH LED TO THE DOWNFALL
AND FINAL DEATH OF KING EDWARD II

 

 

THE SHE WOLF OF FRANCE/REACTION ON THE COMMENTS
OF KATHRYN WARNER/EDWARDTHE SECONDBLOGSPOT
UPDATE
Kathryn Warner has, in my view a great factual knowledge
of the Edward II period [first half of the fourteenth century] but
sometimes a poor insight in the historical events or human reactions, as shows itself in her comments on ”the She Wolf
of France”
Her arguments often lack  historical depth.
By the way, Kathryn Warner deleted my comment……
Silly, in those Internet times…………..
TO MY READERS
INTRODUCTION
As you will see, I’ll give a reaction on the comments of
Kathryn Warner, historian and writer of among else
”Edward II, an Unconventional King” and
”Isabella of France” [wife of Edward II].
Actually, she reacted on an historical fiction novel
”She Wolf of France”, about Isabella of France, fifth
in a series about the French Royal House in the first half
of the fourteenth century ”The Accursed Kings”, referring
to the ”curse of the Templars”
[See under Philip IV]
Below you will see her post [on her website] as my comment.
But I realized, that you only can follow the discussion, when you
know something of the background.
So underlying you find information about Isabella of
France and her father, King Philip IV
But who knows already a lot about the French and English history in
the beginning of the 14th century, in casu the history of Isabella of
France and her father, King Philip IV, can skip this information
and go directly to
MY COMMENTS ON THE POST OF KATHRYN WARNER
ON HER BLOG: EDWARDTHESECONDBLOGSPOT
If not, read the following for more information:
AND ENJOY THE TRAVEL TO THE PAST!

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Henry of Lancaster’s grandchildren

 

 

 

A post about some of the grandchildren of Henry, earl of Lancaster(1280/81 – 22 September 1345), who was Edward II’s first cousin, Isabella of France’s uncle, Earl Thomas’s younger brother and heir,Blanche of Artois’s son, grandson and nephew of kings of England, great-grandson, brother-in-law and uncle of kings of France, half-brother of the queen of Navarre, and also descended from kings of Castile, Aragon and Germany and the Holy Roman and Byzantine emperors.

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