Tag Archives: John of Gaunt

King Henry IV was not the son of Katherine Swynford!/My comments on ”Richard II, the last of the PLantagenets?”

Richard II King of England.jpg

Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
KING RICHARD II, WHO PASSED THROUGH DISASTER AND
ENDED SO TRAGICALLY AT PONTEFRACT
Image result for Henry of Bolingbroke/Images
Henry IV
Illumination of Henry IV (cropped).jpg
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, THE LATER KING
HENRY IV,  COUSIN OF
KING RICHARD II, WHO USURPED RICHARD II AND
THUS TRIGGERED THE SEED FOR THE WARS
OF THE ROSES [SINCE EDMUND MORTIMER, GRANDSON
OF BOLINGBROKE’S AND KING RICHARD’S  UNCLE LIONEL OF ANTWERP,
CAME BEFORE HIM IN THE LINE OF SUCCESSSION:
LIONEL OF ANTWERP WAS THE SECOND SURVIVING SON OF
KING EDWARD III, GRANDFATHER OF BOTH BOLINGBROKE AND
RICHARD II
WHILE BOLINGBROKE’S FATHER, JOHN OF GAUNT, WAS THE
THIRD SON OF KING EDWARD III]
DURING THE REIGN OF KING HENRY VI, GRANDSON OF
KING HENRY IV, THE WARS OF THE ROSES BROKE OUT,
BETWEEN TWO BRANCHES OF THE HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
THE HOUSE OF YORK, LED BY RICHARD, 3RD DUKE OF
YORK [FATHER OF KING EDWARD IV AND KING RICHARD III],
WHO WAS THE NEPHEW OF THE CHILDLESS EDMUND MORTIMER
[SON OF HIS SISTER ANN MORTIMER] AND THEREFORE HAD A
SUPERIOR CLAIM ON THE ENGLISH THRONE.
AND
THE HOUSE OF LANCASTER
LED BY KING HENRY VI [ACTUALLY BY HIS WIFE, MARGARET
OF ANJOU, SINCE HENRY VI HAD PSYCHIC PROBLEMS]
AND THE BEAUFORTS, DESCENDANTS OF THE HALFBROTHERS
OF HENRY IV [SONS OF HIS FATHER JOHN OF GAUNT,
DUKE OF LANCASTER AND KATHERINE SWYNFORD, HIS
THIRD WIFE, WHILE HENRY IV WAS THE SON OF JOHN
OF GAUNT’S FIRST WIFE, BLANCHE OF LANCASTER,
HEIRESS OF THE LANCASTER ESTATES
FROM HER FIRST HER HUSBAND
JOHN OF GAUNT AND LATER HER SON HENRY IV
INHERITED THE LANCASTER LANDS AND TITLES]
John of Gaunt
Johnofgaunt.jpg
JOHN OF GAUNT, UNCLE OF KING RICHARD III AND FATHER OF
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, THE LATER KING HENRY IV
HIS FIRST WIFE WAS BLANCHE OF LANCASTER,
DAUGHTER OF HENRY OF GROSMONT, THE FIRST DUKE OF
LANCASTER, AND GRANDDAUGHTER OF EARL HENRY,
3RD EARL OF LANCASTER
IURE UXORIS [BY THE RIGHT OF HIS WIFE] JOHN OF GAUNT
INHERITED THE TITLES AND LANCASTER LANDS OF
HIS WIFE, WHICH MADE HIM DUKE OF LANCASTER
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, HIS AND BLANCHE’S SON,
INHERITED THOSE LANDS AND TITLES AFTER HIS
DEATH [RICHARD II FIRSTLY DISINHERITED HIS
COUSIN HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, WHO ROSE AGAINST
HIM, DEPOSED HIM AND THEN HAD HIS RIGHTFUL TITLES
AND LANDS]
Tomb of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster.jpg
BLANCHE OF LANCASTER [WITH HER HUSBAND, JOHN OF GAUNT]
DAUGHTER OF HENRY OF GROSMONT, THE FIRST DUKE OF
LANCASTER, AND GRANDDAUGHTER OF EARL HENRY,
3RD EARL OF LANCASTER
SHE WAS THE MOTHER OF HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE, LATER
KING HENRY IV
 
 
SO ”INTRUIGING HISTORY” MADE A FAULT BY STATING THAT
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE [HENRY IV] WAS THE SON
OF JOHN OF GAUNT AND HIS MISTRESS AND GREAT LOVE
KATHERINE SWYNFORD, WITH WHOM HE MARRIED LATER,
MAKING TO HIS THIRD WIFE
THAT IS NOT TRUE!
HIS MOTHER WAS BLANCHE OF LANCASTER!
 
KATHERINE SWYNFORD WAS THE MOTHER OF THE LATER
LEGITIMATED BEAUFORTS [CHILDREN OF HER AND JOHN
OF GAUNT, BORN DURING HIS SECOND MARRIAGE WITH
CATHERINE OF CASTILE, DAUGHTER OF PETER THE CRUEL,
KING OF CASTILE], WHO PLAYED A LARGE PART DURING
THE WARS OF THE ROSES
 
 
 

 

 

KING HENRY IV WAS NOT THE SON OF KATHERINE SWYNFORD!/MY COMMENTS
ON ”RICHARD II KING 1377-99, THE LAST OF THE PLANTAGENETS?”

 

Dear Readers,
Here is your supplier of Medieval history, again
HAHAHA
ABOUT RICHARD II AND THE LINE OF SUCCESSION
TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
This time a short, but interesting travel to the times of
king Richard II [1], son of the famous Black Prince [2]
and grandson of king Edward III.

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The Wars of the Roses/[NevillFeast]/More nonsense about Isobel and Anne Nevill

 

MORE NONSENS ABOUT ISOBEL AND ANNE NEVILLE

SEE WEBSITE NEVILLFEAST

I stumbled on this while I was on the hunt for information for an upcoming post.

I feel that it needs a response, something to balance the books a little. I know, it’s an uphill battle – the view that poor Isobel and Anne were mere pawns (oh, and Doomed) is so entrenched that it’s going to take a miracle to shift it by so much as a millimetre.

 

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/[NevillFeast]/Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick, wife and widow

 

ANNE BEAUCHAMP, COUNTESS OF WARWICK, WIFE AND WIDOW
SEE WEBSITE OF NEVILLFEAST
Posted: April 13, 2011 in Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick

I want to look in some depth at a letter written by Anne Beauchamp, countess of Warwick, to the Commons after the Battle of Barnet. She wrote other letters, to several of the ‘ladies noble of this realm’. I haven’t been able to find any of them, but they probably don’t say much that isn’t said in the one I do have. What would be interesting to see would be any difference in tone. This is a formal letter, written to a formal government body. Anne had, by this stage, reached the end of the list of people (or bodies) she could appeal to. I get a strong sense of the woman herself from this letter. Anne knows her rights and knows they’re being violated. The decision taken by parliament to disinherit (impoverish) her, must have been extremely hard for her to take, especially as it was her daughters and sons-in-law who benefitted from it. I can’t help but think she felt betrayed by them.

 

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[Article of Conor Byrne]/The forgotten Countess, Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick

 

THE FORGOTTEN COUNTESS, ANNE BEAUCHAMP, COUNTESS
OF WARWICK
SEE WEBSITE CONOR BYRNE

Sunday, 8 November 2015

The Forgotten Countess: Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick


Above: Anne Beauchamp alongside her husband Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, in the television series The White Queen.

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/[From Susan Higginbotham]/The King’s Mother in Law, Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick

 

 

 

THE KING’S MOTHER IN LAW:
ANNE BEAUCHAMP, COUNTESS OF WARWICK
BY SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM

Wife to a kingmaker and mother to a queen, Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick, is nonetheless one of the more shadowy figures caught up in the Wars of the Roses. Yet her life intersected with those of the most powerful men of the time, and her wealth would be much desired by some of those men.

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Reactie op artikel ”Rellen Londen bloedig neergeslagen”/Vergelijking 1381 en 2011 anarchronistisch/Toch overeenkomsten

 

 

Painting of Richard II
Richard II meets the rebels on 13 June 1381 in a miniature from a 1470s copy of Jean Froissart‘sChronicles.
ONTMOETING KONING RICHARD II MET DE OPSTANDELINGEN
ONDER LEIDING VAN WAT TYLER
 
 

 
 
Rellen Londen bloedig neergeslagen
ENGELSE BOERENOPSTAND ONDER LEIDING VAN
WAT TYLER

RELLEN VAN DE NIET GEHOORDEN IN LONDEN IN 2011
EEN VERGELIJKING TUSSEN DE BOERENOPSTAND IN 1381
EN DE RELLEN IN LONDEN IN 2011 IS ANACHRONISTISCH
EN STAPT OVER HEMELSBREDE HISTORISCHE VERSCHILLEN
HEEN
TOCH IS ER EEN BELANGRIJKE OVEREENKOMST:
DE SOCIALE ONVREDE VAN DE ”NIET GEHOORDEN”
REACTIE [NADERE BESCHOUWING KOMT NOG]
IS GESCHIEDENIS
RELLEN LONDEN BLOEDIG NEERGESLAGEN
12 AUGUSTUS 2011
RELLEN LONDEN BLOEDIG NEERGESLAGEN/VERGELIJKING
BOERENOPSTAND WAT TYLER EN OPSTAND LONDEN ONJUIST
EN ANACHRONISTISCH
Geachte Redactie
Zonder meer een interessant stuk met wetenswaardige historische feiten, wat
betreft de boerenopstand van Wat Tyler eind 14 de eeuw, een tijd van grote onrust
in Engeland [sociaal en de ”Zwarte Dood”, de pest, de Honderdjarige Oorlog]

 

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Henry of Lancaster’s grandchildren

 

 

 

A post about some of the grandchildren of Henry, earl of Lancaster(1280/81 – 22 September 1345), who was Edward II’s first cousin, Isabella of France’s uncle, Earl Thomas’s younger brother and heir,Blanche of Artois’s son, grandson and nephew of kings of England, great-grandson, brother-in-law and uncle of kings of France, half-brother of the queen of Navarre, and also descended from kings of Castile, Aragon and Germany and the Holy Roman and Byzantine emperors.

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The Wars of the Roses/Rivalry between Richard, Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset/The oath of allegiance of Richard, Duke of York to King Henry VI at St Paul´s Cathedral in 1452

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
AND ONE OF THE MAIN LEADERS OF THE WAR OF ROSES
[WAR BETWEEN THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK,
BOTH DESCENDANTS OF KING EDWARD III]
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]

13501173331

_________________________________________

EDMUND BEAUFORT, 2ND DUKE OF SOMERSET, THE GREAT RIVAL
OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
HISTORICAL FICTION
KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]

TWO IMAGES OF MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[FICTION]
WARS OF THE ROSES
RIVALRY BETWEEN RICHARD, DUKE
OF YORK AND THE DUKE OF SOMERSET/
THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OF RICHARD, DUKE
OF YORK TO KING HENRY VI IN THE ST PAUL´S
CATHEDRAL IN 1452
INTRODUCTION
Presenting the  oath of allegiance that Richard, Duke of York had to
swear to King Henry VI, which I found in the Paston Letters.
This oath  was the direct result of the rivalry between

Richard, Duke of York and Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset,which

came to an armed clash with King Henry VI in 1450 as 1452, not challenging

the King´s power, as sometimes is assumed, but to dismiss

Somerset as councillor of the King.

Trying to get rid of Somerset, York had also made two
proclamations, one at the 9th of january and when that didn’t
work, and then, a stronger one at the 3rd of february, 1452, showing
more enmity against Somerset than in the first.

However, this strike was for Somerset,

because York was arrested and had to swear an oath of
allegiance to King Henry VI  at St Paul’s Cathedral, while Somerset was still
in favour.

Eventually,  this rivalry,

together with other causes, would lead to the Wars of the Roses.

 

BACKGROUND

 

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/The House of York/Reaction on Encyclopaedia Britannica’s changes in their article after my comments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HISTORICAL FICTION
Richard II King of England.jpg
HISTORICAL IMAGE

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_II_of_England

KING RICHARD II, [SON OF THE BLACK PRINCE, THE FIRST
SON OF KING EDWARD III AND THEREFORE SUCCESSOR
OF KING EDWARD III], WHO DECLARED ROGER MORTIMER
HIS HEIR PRESUMPTIVE.
ROGER MORTIMER WAS THE SON OF RICHARD II’S FIRST
COUSIN PHILIPPA,
THE DAUGHTER OF THE SECOND SON OF KING EDWARD III,
LIONEL OF ANTWERP
AND THEREFORE NEXT IN LINE TO THE SUCCESSION TO
THE THRONE, AS LONG AS RICHARD II WAS CHILDLESS.
ROGER MORTIMER HAD TWO CHILDREN, EDMUND, 4TH EARL OF
MARCH AND ANNE MORTIMER, WHO MARRIED RICHARD CONISBURGH,
SON OF EDMUND OF LANGLEY, DUKE OF YORK [FOURTH SON
OF EDWARD III]
AFTER HIS DEATH, ROGER MORTIMER PASSED HIS HEIR
PRESUMPTIVE RIGHT TO HIS SON EDMUND, 5TH EARL
OF MARCH, WHO PASSED THIS RIGHT TO HIS NEPHEW
RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK,  SON OF HIS SISTER
ANNE MORTIMER.
WHEN RICHARD II WAS USURPED BY HIS COUSIN
HENRY BOLINGBROKE [LATER KING HENRY IV, SON OF JOHN
OF GAUNT, THE THIRD SON OF KING EDWARD III AND
THEREFORE WITH A LESSER RIGHT TO THE THRONE
THAN EDMUND MORTIMER],
EDMUND, THE SON OF THE LATE ROGER MORTIMER,
BEING THE RIGHTFUL SUCCESSOR, WAS OVERLOOKED.
ROGER MORTIMER’S SON AND DAUGHTER, EDMUND AND
ANNE MORTIMER
ANNE MORTIMER’S SON, RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK,
GRANDSON [FROM HIS MOTHER’S SIDE]
OF ROGER MORTIMER
HIS CLAIM TO THE THRONE WAS BASED ON HIS
MATERNAL SIDE AND SUPERIOR TO THE LANCASTERS,
WHO DESCENDED FROM THE THIRD SON OF EDWARD III,
WHILE RICHARD DESCENDED FROM THE SECOND SON
King Henry IV from NPG (2).jpg
KING HENRY IV, WHO USURPED THE THRONE OF RICHARD II AS
HENRY BOLINGBROKE, HIS COUSIN
File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
AND ONE OF THE MAIN LEADERS OF THE WAR OF ROSES
[WAR BETWEEN THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK,
BOTH DESCENDANTS OF KING EDWARD III]
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
King Henry V from NPG.jpg
KING HENRY V, SON OF KING HENRY IV
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND, SON OF KING HENRY V
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 

TWO IMAGES OF MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[FICTION]

KING EDWARD IV, SON OF RICHARD, DUKE OF
YORK
[FICTION]
Richard III earliest surviving portrait.jpg
KING RICHARD III, SON OF RICHARD,
DUKE OF YORK
HISTORICAL IMAGE
King Henry VII.jpg
KING HENRY VII, THE FIRST TUDOR KING
AND FOUNDER OF THE TUDOR DYNASTY
HISTORICAL IMAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE WARS OF THE ROSES/THE HOUSE OF YORK/REACTION
ON ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA’S CHANGES IN THEIR
ARTICLE AFTER MY COMMENTS
Dear Readers,
Recently I wrote to Encyclopaedia Britannica about their
article ”The House of York”, adding some critical remarks.
Reasons?
Two.
FIRST:
Encyclopaedia Britannica called the overthrow of King Henry VI
by the son of Richard, Duke of York, the later King Edward IV,
after his victory in the Battle of Towton, an ”usurpation”.
In my letter to Encyclopaedia Britannica,  I pointed out,
that although it was a deposing of King Henry VI, it was no
”usurpation”, because of the York superior claim to
the throne, by descending from maternal side from
King Edward III’s second son, Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of
Clarence, while the Lancasters descended from the third
King Richard II  appointed the grandson of Lionel
 [the son of Lionel’s daughter Philippa Plantagenet,
as his heir presumptive
to the throne, a right which passed through his son, Edmund
Were Richard II not usurped by his cousin, Henrt Bolingbroke
[the later King Henry IV, and Richard II died childless, Edmund
Mortimer should be King of England.
And Edmund Mortimer was the maternal uncle
of Richard, Duke of York, who was the son of Edmund Mortimer’s
sister, Anne Mortimer.
Since Edmund Mortimer died childless, Richard of York inherited
his vast estates and the title of Earl of March [he became the
6th Earl of March], which he passed
to his son, the later Edward IV.
So when Edward IV overthrew Henry VI, it was a deposal, not
usurpation.
SECOND
When mentioning the Act of Accord of 1460, by which
Richard of York and Parliament agreed, that Richard of York
would succeed Henry VI after his death [and thus disinheriting
Edward of Westminster, the son of Henry VI, which infuriated
of course his mother, Margaret of Anjou], which was confirmed
Encyclopaedia Britannica made a remark about the
”weakness” in this claim by deriving from females.
I challenged that by pointing out, that four English Kings
REACTION OF ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA
I received an interesting and partly satisfying reaction
from Encyclopaedia Britannica with some changes
in the article
This was their reaction:

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The Wars of the Roses/Rivalry between Richard, Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset/Two proclamations of Richard of York/[The Paston Letters and Selections from the sources of English history]

 

File:Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York.jpg
RICHARD OF YORK, CLAIMANT TO THE ENGLISH THRONE
AND ONE OF THE MAIN LEADERS OF THE WAR OF ROSES
[WAR BETWEEN THE HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK,
BOTH DESCENDANTS OF KING EDWARD III]
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 
 

13501173331

_________________________________________

EDMUND BEAUFORT, 2ND DUKE OF SOMERSET, THE GREAT RIVAL
OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK
HISTORICAL FICTION
 
KING HENRY VI OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 
 
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[HISTORICAL IMAGE]
 
 

TWO IMAGES OF MARGARET OF ANJOU, QUEEN OF ENGLAND
[FICTION]
WARS OF THE ROSES
RIVALRY BETWEEN RICHARD, DUKE
OF YORK AND THE DUKE OF SOMERSET/
TWO PROCLAMATIONS OF RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK IN 1452
[PASTON LETTERS AND SELECTIONS FROM THE SOURCES OF
ENGLISH HISTORY]
INTRODUCTION

 

These two proclamations of Richard, Duke of York, which I  found in  the Paston
Letters and ”Selections from the Sources of English history” are
very interesting, since they concern the major conflict between Richard,
Duke of York and Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, one of the direct
causes to the Wars of the Roses.

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