Tagarchief: Hundred Years War

[Article of Conor Byrne]/The forgotten Countess, Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick

 

THE FORGOTTEN COUNTESS, ANNE BEAUCHAMP, COUNTESS
OF WARWICK
SEE WEBSITE CONOR BYRNE

Sunday, 8 November 2015

The Forgotten Countess: Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick


Above: Anne Beauchamp alongside her husband Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, in the television series The White Queen.

 

 

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The Wars of the Roses/[From Susan Higginbotham]/The King’s Mother in Law, Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick

 

 

 

THE KING’S MOTHER IN LAW:
ANNE BEAUCHAMP, COUNTESS OF WARWICK
BY SUSAN HIGGINBOTHAM

Wife to a kingmaker and mother to a queen, Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick, is nonetheless one of the more shadowy figures caught up in the Wars of the Roses. Yet her life intersected with those of the most powerful men of the time, and her wealth would be much desired by some of those men.

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Rozenoorlogen en boerenopstanden/Adel tegen adel/Adel tegen het volk/Heersende klasse toen en nu

 

 

 

MACHTHEBBERS UIT HEDEN EN VERLEDEN
WAT ZE GROTENDEELS GEMEEN HEBBEN IS
DE ONDERDRUKKING/BEVOOGDING
VAN DEGENEN, DIE GEEN MACHT HEBBEN
 [In geval van
Louise Gunning, die eigenlijk niet hier thuishoort, maar
in een adem met de rest wordt genoemd door Matthijs van de Sande
vanwege haar onderdrukkende rol tegen het studentenverzet]
HET IS ECHTER HISTORISCH GEZIEN ONZINNIG, ZE ALLEMAAL
OP EEN HOOP TE GOOIEN
DAARVOOR ZIJN VERSCHILLEN EN TIJDSOMSTANDIGHEDEN
TE GROOT
TEGENSTELLINGEN TUSSEN DE ARME, ONDERHORIGE
BOEREN EN DE BEZITTENDE KLASSE, DE ADEL, LEIDDEN
TOT BOERENOPSTANDEN
EN INDERDAAD KON EEN EDELMAN AAN DE ”RIEK” VAN
EEN BOER EINDIGEN
MAAR DAT BETEKENDE NIET, DAT DE ADEL
MINDER TE VREZEN HAD VAN ZIJN MEDE EDELEN.
EDELEN HADDEN DAN WEL GEZAMENLIJKE BELANGEN
[ONDERDRUKKING VAN DE ONDERLIGGENDE KLASSE],
MAAR MEER NOG DAN VAN DE BOEREN HADDEN ZE
VAN ELKAAR TE VREZEN IN RIVALISERENDE
OORLOGEN OM MACHT, LAND EN KROON:
DODELIJK VOORBEELD WAREN DE ROZENOORLOGEN IN DE LATE
MIDDELEEUWEN IN ENGELAND,
EEN STRIJD OM DE TROON TUSSEN EDELEN, DIE AFSTAMDEN
VAN KONING EDWARD III, WAARBIJ PRAKTISCH
DE HELE OUDE ENGELSE MIDDELEEUWSE ADEL ZICHZELF HEEFT
VERNIETIGD
DEZE STRIJD LIEP TUSSEN EN DOOR FAMILIES HEEN
BROTHER AGAINST BROTHER…….
HET VOLK KWAM ER WEINIG AAN TE PAS
TEGENSTELLINGEN TUSSEN DE EDELEN
DE ROZENOORLOGEN
Painting by Henry Payne in 1908 of the scene in the Temple Garden from Shakespeare’s play Henry VI, Part 1, where supporters of the rival factions pick either red or white roses
Armoured men on horses and on foot attack each other with swords and polearms in a river. The ones on the right are seeking to flee the battle while pursued by the mass of men who are charging in from the left.
Battle of Towton, as depicted by Richard Caton Woodville, Jr. (1856–1927)
 
 
Two groups of black armoured knights, mounted and on foot, charge at each other, fighting with swords and lances.
Late 15th-century artistic portrayal of the battle: Edward IV (left), wearing a circlet and mounted on a horse, leads the Yorkist charge and pierces the Earl of Warwick (right) with his lance; in reality, Warwick was not killed by Edward.
 
 
MS Ghent - Battle of Tewkesbury.jpg
The battle of Tewkesbury, depicted in a Ghentmanuscript
TEGENSTELLINGEN TUSSEN DE ADEL EN HET VOLK
HEERSERS EN ONDERDRUKTEN/ARMOEDE EN RIJKDOM
BOERENOPSTANDEN
JACQUERIE, FRANSE BOERENOPSTAND IN 1358
GEDURENDE DE HONDERDJARIGE OORLOG MET FRANKRIJK
Peasants’ Revolt
Painting of Richard II
Richard II meets the rebels on 13 June 1381 in a miniature from a 1470s copy of Jean Froissart‘sChronicles.
Wat Tyler
DeathWatTyler.jpg

Wat Tyler’s death (left to right: [unidentified]; SirWilliam Walworth, Mayor of London (wielding sword); Wat Tyler; Richard II of England; andJohn Cavendish, esquire to Richard II (bearing lance)
ENGELSE BOERENOPSTAND ONDER LEIDING VAN WAT TYLER IN
1381
 
 
Jack Cade
Jack Cade.jpg

Lord Saye and Sele brought before Jack Cade 4th July 1450, painting by Charles Lucy
 
ENGELSE BOERENOPSTAND ONDER LEIDING VAN
JACK CADE IN 1450, IN DE
NADAGEN VAN DE HONDERDJARIGE OORLOG
MET FRANKRIJK
 
 
 
MACHTHEBBERS UIT HEDEN EN VERLEDEN
Filips IV de Schone
1268 – 1314
Philippe IV le bel.jpg
Koning van Frankrijk
PHILIPS IV [DE SCHONE], KONING VAN FRANKRIJK
John the Good
JeanIIdFrance.jpg

Portrait of John painted on wood panel around 1350, Louvre Museum
JEAN II, KONING VAN FRANKRIJK
DE BOERENOPSTAND
DE JAQUERIE VOND ONDER ZIJN HEERSCHAPPIJ PLAATS,
MAAR ZIJN ZOON, DE LATERE KAREL V, ONDERDRUKTE
DE OPSTAND [JEAN II WAS OP DAT MOMENT IN
ENGELSE KRIJGSGEVANGENSCHAP, TIJDENS DE HONDERDJARIGE
OORLOG
Charles V the Wise
Karel V van Frankrijk.jpg
King of France
KAREL V, KONING VAN FRANKRIJK, ZOON VAN JEAN II EN
ONDERDRUKKER VAN DE BOERENOPSTAND DE JACQUERIE
IN 1358, ALS REGENT VAN ZIJN VADER JEAN II, DIE
OP DAT MOMENT IN ENGELSE KRIJGSGEVANGENSCHAP
WAS, TIJDENS DE HONDERDJARIGE OORLOG
Richard II
Richard II King of England.jpg

Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
RICHARD II, KONING VAN ENGELAND
ONDERDRUKKER BOERENOPSTAND
WAT TYLER
Henry V
King Henry V from NPG.jpg
HENDRIK V, KONING VAN ENGELAND
Henry VI
King Henry VI from NPG (2).jpg
King of England (more…)
HENDRIK VI, KONING VAN ENGELAND
ONDERDRUKKER VAN DE BOERENOPSTAND
ONDER LEIDING VAN JACK CADE
[Daarbij moet wel gezegd worden, dat Hendrik VI een
voor die tijd zachtmoedige en vredelievende koning was,
die daarnaast psychische problemen had en vaak niet
in staat was om te regeren, waardoor
veel beslissingen door zijn raadgevers werden genomen]
Onder zijn heerschappij braken de Rozenoorlogen uit,
een strijd tussen edelen om de kroon [die edelen
stamden af van Koning Edward III, evenals Hendrik VI]
Henry VIII
Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger - Portrait of Henry VIII - Google Art Project.jpg

King Henry VIII by Hans Holbein the Younger,Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool.
HENDRIK VIII, KONING VAN ENGELAND
LODEWIJK XIV, KONING VAN FRANKRIJK
LOUISE GUNNING, VOORMALIG VOORZITTER
UVA, AUTOCRATISCH UNIVERSITEITS
BESTUURDER/ONDERDRUKKER RECHTEN STUDENTEN
MARK RUTTE, PREMIER
ONDERDRUKKER SOCIAAL ZWAKKEREN [BEZUINIGINGEN]
EN VLUCHTELINGEN [BED, BAD EN BROOD AKKOORD]
DIEDERIK SAMSOM
FRACTIEVOORZITTER PVDA
ONDERDRUKKER SOCIAAL ZWAKKEREN
[BEZUINIGINGEN] EN VLUCHTELINGEN [
BED, BAD EN BROOD AKKOORD]
REACTIE OP
MATTHIJS VAN DE SANDE/GOEDE MAATSCHAPPIJANALYSE/
ONZUIVERE HISTORIE INTERPRETRATIE
HEERSENDE KLASSE EN HET VOLK/TEGENSTELLINGEN
EN STRATEGIEEEN
Matthijs van de Sande, huiscolumnist van de antiracistische website
”Doorbraak”, die doorgaans goede en strijdbare stukken schrijft [1], kan zich
beter niet op het pad der geschiedenis begeven..
Maatschappijkritiek, van deze tijd, lijkt hem beter op het lijf geschreven.
Ik doel hier op een overigens interessant stuk, dat hij in juni van dit
jaar heeft geschreven:
”Zijn ze eigenlijk nog wel bang genoeg?” [2]

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/The death of Piers Gaveston

 

 

Today is the 696th anniversary of the death of Piers Gaveston, run through with a sword and beheaded at Blacklow Hill, Warwickshire, on 19 June 1312.The story of Piers’ death – abducted from the earl of Pembroke’s custody by the earl of Warwick and killed in the presence of the earls of Lancaster, Hereford and Arundel – has been told so often I’m not going to bother repeating it here. Instead, I’ll look at some lesser-known aspects of the whole sordid business.

 

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Edward II’s other great favourite, Hugh Despenser the Younger

This post is about a man I’ve always found absolutely fascinating: the man who was the de facto ruler of England for much of the 1320s, until his hideous execution at Hereford on 24 November 1326. In a recent poll, he was voted most villainous Briton of the 14th century, and got 9% of the vote for the worst Briton ever! Let’s face it, a man who extorted money and lands from rich widows (including his own sister-in-law), who became a pirate when he was exiled from England, and who was almost certainly the lover of his wife’s uncle, is waaay more interesting to write about than a man who helped little old ladies to cross the road (though maybe he did that too, who knows?)

 

 

 

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/The charges against Hugh Despenser the Younger, november 1326

 

This is my translation of the charges against Hugh Despenser the Younger at his trial in Hereford on 24 November 1326, which are printed in the original Anglo-Norman in G. A. Holmes’ ‘Judgement on the Younger Despenser, 1326’ (English Historical Review, 70, 1955). Investigating the accuracy of the charges would be a major undertaking, and although some of them are certainly true, some are utterly ludicrous. May McKisack (The Fourteenth Century 1307-1399) calls the charges “an ingenious tissue of fact and fiction,” while Roy Martin Haines (in his biography King Edward II) points out that “it is an ingenious document, another piece of propaganda that puts the blame for all the ills of the reign on one man and his father,” ignoring – for the time being, at least – Edward II’s own manifold failings and that the earl of Lancaster and his followers were in armed rebellion against their king in 1322, and in treasonous correspondence with Robert Bruce to boot. The original text begins Hughe le despenser en parlement nostre seignur le Roi Edward qui ore est tenu a Westmonstre Lan de son regne xvme

 

 

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[Lady Despenser’s Scribery]/Who was Despenser the Younger? In a (very large) nutshell

 

The Early Years

The exact date of Hugh’s birth is not known but it was most likely between 1286 and 1290. He was the eldest son of Hugh Despenser (the elder) who was the son of another Hugh (the even elder) who fought alongside Simon de Montfort against Henry III during the Baron’s war of 1265. He was killed by Roger de Mortimer (grandfather of the Roger de Mortimer who became Queen Isabella’s lover and deposed Edward III) at the Battle of Evesham, thereby starting a feud between the Despensers and the Mortimers which was to have deadly echoes decades later. His mother was Isabelle de Beauchamp, the daughter and sister of two of the Earls of Warwick, so he was certainly well connected.

 

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[EdwardthesecondBlogspot]/Announcement of the birth of Edward III

 

 

 

Isabella, by the grace of God, Queen of England, Lady of Ireland, and Duchess of Aquitaine, to our well-beloved the Mayor and aldermen and the commonalty of London, greeting. Forasmuch as we believe that you would willingly hear good tidings of us, we do make known to you that our Lord, of His grace, has delivered us of a son, on the 13th day of November, with safety to ourselves, and to the child. May our Lord preserve you.

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Edward II/Relationship of Edward and his wife Isabella/Did Edward II neglect his wife?/Reaction on the Facebookpage of Kathryn Warner ”EdwardofCaernarfon”

 

 

 

 

 

 

A man in half figure with short, curly hair and a hint of beard is facing left. He wears a coronet and holds a sceptre in his right hand. He has a blue robe over a red tunic, and his hands are covered by white, embroidered gloves. His left hand seems to be pointing left, to something outside the picture.

Portrait in Westminster Abbey, thought to be of Edward I
EDWARD I OF ENGLAND, ”LONGSHANKS”
THE ”HAMMER” OF THE SCOTS
KING EDWARD II, THE TRAGIC KING
Edward II - detail of tomb.jpg
EFFIGY OF KING EDWARD II IN GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL

Initial from the charter granting Gaveston the earldom of Cornwall, showing the arms of England at top, and Gaveston’s coat of arms impaledwith those of de Clare below.

INITIAL FROM THE CHARTER GRANTING GAVESTON THE EARLDOM OF CORNWALL
Guy de Beauchamp.jpg

Guy de Beauchamp standing over the decapitated body of Piers Gaveston. From the 15th-century Rous Rolls.[1]
A MACABER SCENE
THE DECAPACITATED BODY OF PIERS GAVESTON,
EXECUTED BY HIS TWO MAJOR ENEMIES, THOMAS,
2N DUKE OF LANCASTER AND GUY DE BEAUCHAMP,
10TH EARL OF WARWICK
GUY DE BEAUCHAMP IS STANDING OVER HIS
DECAPACITATED BODY
Guy de Beauchamp.jpg

Guy de Beauchamp standing over the decapitated body of Piers Gaveston. From the 15th-century Rous Rolls.[1]
GUY DE BEAUCHAMP, 10TH EARL OF WARWICK, GREAT ENEMY
OF PIERS OF GAVESTON, FAVOURITE OF EDWARD II
TOGETHER WITH THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER,
THE EARL OF WARWICK HAD PIERS GAVESTON EXECUTED
AFTER ABDUCTING HIM
HERE IS GUY DE BEAUCHAMP IN A MACABER SCENE, STANDING
STANDING OVER THE DECAPITATED BODY OF PIERS GAVESTON
Thomas of Lancaster Executed

EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, THE
GREAT ENEMY OF PIERS GAVESTON AND LATER, THE DESPENSERS

Seal of Henry of Lancaster from the Barons’ Letter, 1301, which he signed as Henricus de Lancastre, Dominus de Munemue (Henry of Lancaster, Lord of Monmouth). His shield couche shows the armorial of Plantagenet differenced by a bend azure (see below)

SEAL OF HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER,
BROTHER TO THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
BOTH SONS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK, BROTHER TO
KING EDWARD I AND UNCLE TO EDWARD II
MOST LIKELY OUT OF REVENGE FOR THE EXEXUTION
OF HIS BROTHER THOMAS [SEE IMAGE ABOVE]
 BY THE DESPENSERS AND THE KING, HENRY
SIDED WITH QUEEN ISABELLA AND ROGER MORTIMER
AGAINST KING EDWARD II AND THE DESPENSERS
HENRY IS THE ANCESTOR OF BLANCHE OF LANCASTER
[HIS GRANDDAUGHER], WHO MARRIED JOHN OF GAUNT
[THIRD SON TO EDWARD III]
JOHN OF GAUNT BECAME THE 1ST DUKE OF LANCASTER
SO HENRY WAS THE ANCESTOR OF THE HOUSE
OF LANCASTER
Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Image result for roger mortimer
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH, PARTNER
IN CRIME AND MOST LIKELY LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
Isabella and Roger Mortimer.jpg

15th-century manuscript illustration depicting Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in the foreground
ROGER MORTIMER AND QUEEN ISABELLA ON THE FOREGROUND
15TH CENTURY HISTORICAL  IMAGE

HISTORICAL IMAGE
HUGH LE DESPENSER THE YOUNGER, [ALONG WITH HIS
FATHER, THE ELDER] FAVOURITE TO KING EDWARD II,
WHO DIED A HORRIBLE DEATH AT THE ORDERS OF
QUEEN ISABELLA AND [MOST LIKELY] LOVER
ROGER MORTIMER AFTER THE INVASION OF
ISABELLA AND MORTIMER, WHICH LED TO THE DOWNFALL
AND FINAL DEATH OF KING EDWARD II
Edward III of England (Order of the Garter).jpg

Edward III as head of the Order of the Garter, drawing c.1430–40 in the Bruges Garter Book
KING EDWARD III
HISTORICAL IMAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EDWARD II/RELATIONSHIP OF EDWARD II AND
ISABELLA/DID EDWARD II NEGLECT HIS WIFE?
REACTION ON FACEBOOK PAGE OF KATHRYN
WARNER ”EDWARDOFCEARNARFON”
Yes, Edward likely neglected his wife.
I will explain below what lead to my repeated statement about the
neglection of Isabella by her husband King  Edward II,
since I had already answered this  in my last article.
BUT FIRST THIS:
Yesterday I travelled with you to the past, writing about
And coming back to 2015, I have a need to travel to
Edward’s time again.
Accompany me and enter the world.

 

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King Edward II, the tragic King

 

 

 

 

 

A man in half figure with short, curly hair and a hint of beard is facing left. He wears a coronet and holds a sceptre in his right hand. He has a blue robe over a red tunic, and his hands are covered by white, embroidered gloves. His left hand seems to be pointing left, to something outside the picture.

Portrait in Westminster Abbey, thought to be of Edward I
EDWARD I OF ENGLAND, ”LONGSHANKS”
THE ”HAMMER” OF THE SCOTS
KING EDWARD II, THE TRAGIC KING
Edward II - detail of tomb.jpg
EFFIGY OF KING EDWARD II IN GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL

Initial from the charter granting Gaveston the earldom of Cornwall, showing the arms of England at top, and Gaveston’s coat of arms impaledwith those of de Clare below.

INITIAL FROM THE CHARTER GRANTING GAVESTON THE EARLDOM OF CORNWALL
Guy de Beauchamp.jpg

Guy de Beauchamp standing over the decapitated body of Piers Gaveston. From the 15th-century Rous Rolls.[1]
A MACABER SCENE
THE DECAPACITATED BODY OF PIERS GAVESTON,
EXECUTED BY HIS TWO MAJOR ENEMIES, THOMAS,
2N DUKE OF LANCASTER AND GUY DE BEAUCHAMP,
10TH EARL OF WARWICK
GUY DE BEAUCHAMP IS STANDING OVER HIS
DECAPACITATED BODY
Guy de Beauchamp.jpg

Guy de Beauchamp standing over the decapitated body of Piers Gaveston. From the 15th-century Rous Rolls.[1]
GUY DE BEAUCHAMP, 10TH EARL OF WARWICK, GREAT ENEMY
OF PIERS OF GAVESTON, FAVOURITE OF EDWARD II
TOGETHER WITH THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER,
THE EARL OF WARWICK HAD PIERS GAVESTON EXECUTED
AFTER ABDUCTING HIM
HERE IS GUY DE BEAUCHAMP IN A MACABER SCENE, STANDING
STANDING OVER THE DECAPITATED BODY OF PIERS GAVESTON
Thomas of Lancaster Executed

EXECUTION OF THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER, THE
GREAT ENEMY OF PIERS GAVESTON AND LATER, THE DESPENSERS

Seal of Henry of Lancaster from the Barons’ Letter, 1301, which he signed as Henricus de Lancastre, Dominus de Munemue (Henry of Lancaster, Lord of Monmouth). His shield couche shows the armorial of Plantagenet differenced by a bend azure (see below)

SEAL OF HENRY, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER,
BROTHER TO THOMAS, 2ND EARL OF LANCASTER
BOTH SONS OF EDMUND CROUCHBACK, BROTHER TO
KING EDWARD I AND UNCLE TO EDWARD II
MOST LIKELY OUT OF REVENGE FOR THE EXEXUTION
OF HIS BROTHER THOMAS [SEE IMAGE ABOVE]
 BY THE DESPENSERS AND THE KING, HENRY
SIDED WITH QUEEN ISABELLA AND ROGER MORTIMER
AGAINST KING EDWARD II AND THE DESPENSERS
HENRY IS THE ANCESTOR OF BLANCHE OF LANCASTER
[HIS GRANDDAUGHER], WHO MARRIED JOHN OF GAUNT
[THIRD SON TO EDWARD III]
JOHN OF GAUNT BECAME THE 1ST DUKE OF LANCASTER
SO HENRY WAS THE ANCESTOR OF THE HOUSE
OF LANCASTER
Isabella of France.jpg

A 15th-century depiction of Isabella
ISABELLA OF FRANCE
HISTORICAL IMAGE

QUEEN ISABELLA OF FRANCE, DAUGHTER TO THE FRENCH KING
PHILIPS IV [LE BEL]
HISTORICAL FICTION
Image result for roger mortimer
ROGER MORTIMER, 1ST EARL OF MARCH, PARTNER
IN CRIME AND MOST LIKELY LOVER OF QUEEN ISABELLA
OF FRANCE
Isabella and Roger Mortimer.jpg

15th-century manuscript illustration depicting Roger Mortimer and Queen Isabella in the foreground
ROGER MORTIMER AND QUEEN ISABELLA ON THE FOREGROUND
15TH CENTURY HISTORICAL  IMAGE

HISTORICAL IMAGE
HUGH LE DESPENSER THE YOUNGER, [ALONG WITH HIS
FATHER, THE ELDER] FAVOURITE TO KING EDWARD II,
WHO DIED A HORRIBLE DEATH AT THE ORDERS OF
QUEEN ISABELLA AND [MOST LIKELY] LOVER
ROGER MORTIMER AFTER THE INVASION OF
ISABELLA AND MORTIMER, WHICH LED TO THE DOWNFALL
AND FINAL DEATH OF KING EDWARD II
Edward III of England (Order of the Garter).jpg

Edward III as head of the Order of the Garter, drawing c.1430–40 in the Bruges Garter Book
KING EDWARD III
HISTORICAL IMAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dear Readers
This time my travel to the past goes to some hundred years
before the Wars of the Roses, to the reign of King Edward II [1]
Recently I posted some articles   from Kathryn Warner”s interesting
weblog ”EdwardthesecondBlogspot”  about the reign of King
Edward II , a very tragic king. [2]
Why?
Because of his clear preference to his own sex, which was
a great taboo in the time wherein he lived and died, the Middle Ages.
This was one of the main causes for civil war in England  and his final downfall
and death [3]
Enter the world of this complicated and fascinating king,
a fascinating time, with fascinating characters.

 

 

 

 

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