Tagarchief: CAF

Letter to CAF about their continuing involvement in the illegal Israeli settlements

LETTER TO CAF ABOUT THEIR CONTINUING INVOLVEMENT INTHE ILLEGAL ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS

  • A metro stop
  • CAFCreating rail solutions tailored to suit the needs of each and every customer.Front view of a high-speed train

CAF TRANSPORTSYSTEM, EARNING BLOOD MONEY BY SUPPORTING THEILLEGAL ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS

Image result for settlements/Images

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

https://www.caf.net/en/compania/index.phphttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-cafhttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

TOCAF 
Director and ManagementSubject: Your continuing involvement with the illegal Israeli settlements

Dear Director,Dear Management,

As you’ll probably know:This is not the first time I wrote to you to give you hell about your despicablerole concerning the illegal Israeli settlements:See below, under notes!And since you obviously felt any shame and are still involved in thosecriminal practices of your company, serving Israel’s illegal settlements in occupied Palestinian territory. [1], I’ll target you again and I’m sure that I am NOTthe only one!Must I-again- remind you of the fact, that, as I stated above, the Israeli settlements in occupied Palestinian territory [you serve the settlements inoccupied East Jerusalem!] are illegal according International Law? [2]Therefore, by serving those illegal settlements, you are not only complicit in stealing occupied Palestinian land, worse still:You are serving and maintaining the illegal Israeli occupation, thus defending and maintaining a criminal regime of opression and apartheid! [3]And by maintaining a regime of apartheid, you are complicit incrimes against humanity. [4]All the water in the world can’t wash the blood on your hands [5] by doing thus!
ISRAELI TERROR IN EASTERN JERUSALEM’
Of course you are aware of the Israeli terror in Eastern Jerusalem:The house evictions of Palestinians in favour of the illegal settlementsyou facilitate , the storming of the Al Aqsa Mosque  the excessive policeviolence against the Palestinian population [6]Especially neigbourhood Sheikh Jarrah is victim of Israeli etniccleansing operations and The Jerusalem Light Rail, hosted andfacilitated by your company, passes through Sheikh Jarrah, facilitating thug settlers and the Israeli occupation! [7]Have you no shame.Is your money deserving obsession that big, that you are willing to be complicit in warcrimes and crimes against humanity?For make no mistake:The crimes that Israel commits in occupied Gaza [8] are also yourco responsibility, since you facilitate the Israeli occupationregime!
CONCLUSION
I have said and written enoughAnd what says more:I’ve written the things you already knew, but ignored.So Directors and Management of CAF, again:You are complicit in warcrimes and crimes against humanity,as long as you facilitate the illegal settlements and the Israelioccupation regime of apartheid!So STOP IT!
Withdraw your interests in the occupied territories as quick as the Light!Stop your criminal Work
AND:I call on your shareholders [see cc] to stop you and pressure you todo the only right thing:
To wash the blood of your hands and don’t support the Dark Powers that Be, which is this Regime of Occupation and Apartheid
DIXI [Latin for: I have spoken] [9]
Kind greetings
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 
NOTES
SEE ALSO THE LINK TO THE NOTES
https://www.astridessed.nl/notes-t-1-m-9-at-letter-to-caf-about-involvement-in-the-illegal-israeli-settlements/

OR

https://www.dewereldmorgen.be/community/notes-t-t-m-9-at-letter-to-caf-at-involvement-in-the-illegal-israeli-settlements/

THE PHYSICAL NOTES:

[1]

INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

TEXT

JERUSALEM Transportation Masterplan Team (JTMT) has awarded the TransJerusalem J-Net consortium, comprised of CAF and the construction firm Shapir, a €1.8bn contract to undertake an extension to the Jerusalem light rail network.

The Private-Public Partnership (PPP) includes the construction of 27km of new track, 53 new stations and various depots covering a 6.8km extension to the Red Line, and the new 20.6km Green Line. The Red Line is currently 13.8km long with 23 stations, and carries around 145,000 passengers daily.

The consortium will also design and supply 114 new Urbos LRVs for the Green Line, and the refurbishment of the 46 vehicles currently in service on the Red Line.

The contract includes the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation.

CAF’s share of the contract is worth more than €500m, and includes the vehicle’s supply and refurbishment, signalling, energy and communication systems and project integration. CAF will also have a 50% stake in the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines, which is expected to have a €1bn turnover.

Construction is expected begin later this year with the new extensions fully operational by 2025.

Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland) also submitted bids for the contract.

END OF THE ARTICLE

]URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER

8 AUGUST 2019

The transport authority JTMT (Jerusalem Transportation Masterplan Team) has chosen the TransJerusalem J-Net Ltd consortium, consisting in the CAF Group and the construction firm Saphir, for the Jerusalem light rail project. The project value is 1.8 billion EUR.

The so-called Green line is a PPP (Private-Public Partnership) scheme and includes the construction of 20.6 kilometres of new track, 53 stations and a depot. Jerusalem opened its’ first light rail line, the red line in 2011. The new Green line uses the current Red Line on a stretch of 6.8 km. The contract also includes the design and supply of 114 low-floor Urbos trams (which will be operated as double-tractions) for the new Green Line and the refurbishment of the 46 units which are currently in service on the existing Red Line.

114 Urbos trams and 25 years of operation

The project scope of the consortium will also include the supply of the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation. The CAF Group’s scope of this project exceeds 500 million EUR. The Group will also have a 50% stake in the company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines. The project is expected to be implemented this year with the new network fully operative by 2025.

The future network

The tram’s Red Line currently extends along 13.8 km with 23 stations distributed on the route, was inaugurated in 2011 and providing transport to over 145,000 passengers on average per day. The Green lines is expected to have a ridership of 200,000 passengers per day. It will link the two campuses of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and continue south via Pat junction to Gilo while using a common section with the Red line in the city centre until the terminus of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem railway station which was inaugurated in 2018.

Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem.

END OF THE ARTICLE

CAF

GET OFF ISRAEL APARTHEIDTRAIN

https://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

WHY?

Israel is only able to maintain its regime of occupation, colonisation and apartheid over the Palestinian people because of international complicity. Corporations play a key role in this.

The Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR) project is so blatantly illegal that other multinationals which had participated in the initial stages of bidding for the project, including Alstom, Siemens, Systra, Bombardier and Macquarie withdrew from the call for tenders, leaving just two consortiums bidding.

The French company Veolia was forced to pull out of the same illegal Israeli JLR project in 2015 after losing billions of dollars in international tenders due to sustained BDS campaigning in Europe, the US and several Arab countries.

The Israeli business publication Globes claimed, expectedly, that the other firms did not “officially withdraw from the process for political reasons” but admitted that “for most of the international transportation and infrastructure companies, Jerusalem is ‘outside the pale.’

By carrying out this project, CAF is also violating its own code of conduct, where it says that “any action by CAF and its members will keep scrupulous respect for laws, human rights and public liberties.” The Basque Autonomous Community government owns shares of CAF, which should ensure that no public money supports Israel’s illegal occupation of the occupied Palestinian territory.

Corporate involvement in the crimes of Israel’s regime of occupation and apartheid is not only morally reprehensible and a legal liability. It can hurt business, too.

MILESTONES

2020

October:

In the Spanish state over 100 people have asked the public train company RENFE not to contract CAF, due to its involvement in the illegal Israeli Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), in partnership with the Israeli company Shapir that is in the UN database of companies that enable and profit from Israel’s illegal settlement enterprise. 

Eighteen human rights groups have asked the Spanish Minister of transport José Luis Abalos to exclude from public tenders CAF and all companies listed in the UN database, such as Alstom. Over thirty organisations in solidarity with Palestine sent a letter to Reyes Maroto the Spanish  Minister of Industry and the publicly owned company RENFE. This letter was sent because the Minister had offered more public contracts to CAF in light of the company’s announcement of its plans to shut down one of its factories, Trenasa, causing 118 people to lose their jobs. This decision is incomprehensible seeing that the company ended 2019 with its highest record of earnings and its best record in sales. This and the fact that CAF is involved in an illegal Israeli project that serves settlements, which will expose the company to boycott campaigns globally, are clear evidence that CAF cares very little about its workers’ rights and about human rights in general. 

In Oslo, Norway,  the Palestine Committee and two railway unions received new trams from the Basque firm CAF with a protest. They’re asking Norway’s public sector not to work with CAF until it stops building Israel’s illegal Jerusalem Light Rail, entrenching apartheid.

Eight trade unions in Norway have joined the call to boycott CAF: Norwegian Union of Municipal and General Employees (National), Norwegian Union of Railway workers (National), National Union of Norwegian Locomotivemen (National),  Fagforbundet- Helse, Sosial og Velferd, Oslo (Local), Norwegian Civil Service Union at OsloMet (Local), Lokomotivpersonalets forening Oslo (Local), Norwegian Federation of Trade Unions, local 850 (Local),  and Oslo Sporveiers Arbeiderforening (Local).

CAF and Shapir are close to signing one of the largest project financing agreements ever agreed in Israel for the construction and operation of a network of lines in the illegal Jerusalem Light Rail project. The financing will be extended by a consortium of banks led by Bank Hapoalim, which like Shapir is included in the UN database of companies profiting from business in Israel’s illegal settlements. 

END OF THE ARTICLE

” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATION

JUL 2017

https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdf

”Development of the light rail line is bringing prosperity and growth to the city’s real estate and business sectors, an upsurge in cultural and entertainment centers, and accessibility to the downtown area for residents of large neighborhoods, such as Pigat Ze’ev.”

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

ABOUT

JERUSALEM AND THE LIGHT RAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233415/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/ContentPage.aspx?ID=16

ORIGINELE BRON

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233325/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/default.aspx

Pisgat Ze’ev (Hebrew: פסגת זאב‎, lit. Ze’ev’s Peak) is an Israeli settlement in East Jerusalem[1] and the largest residential neighborhood in Jerusalem with a population of over 50,000.[2] Pisgat Ze’ev was established by Israel as one of the city’s five Ring Neighborhoods on land effectively annexed after the 1967 Six-Day War.”

WIKIPEDIA

PISGAT ZE’EV

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisgat_Ze%27ev

[2]

ILLEGALITY OF THE SETTLEMENTS

”Israel’s policy of settling its civilians in occupied Palestinian territory and displacing the local population contravenes fundamental rules of international humanitarian law.

Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention states: “The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.” It also prohibits the “individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory”. 

The extensive appropriation of land and the appropriation and destruction of property required to build and expand settlements also breach other rules of international humanitarian law. Under the Hague Regulations of 1907, the public property of the occupied population (such as lands, forests and agricultural estates) is subject to the laws of usufruct. This means that an occupying state is only allowed a very limited use of this property. This limitation is derived from the notion that occupation is temporary, the core idea of the law of occupation. In the words of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the occupying power “has a duty to ensure the protection, security, and welfare of the people living under occupation and to guarantee that they can live as normal a life as possible, in accordance with their own laws, culture, and traditions.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

CHAPTER 3: ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL

LAW

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/chapter-3-israeli-settlements-and-international-law/

ARTICLE 49. 4TH GENEVA CONVENTION

ARTICLE 49 [ Link ]

Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
Nevertheless, the Occupying Power may undertake total or partial evacuation of a given area if the security of the population or imperative military reasons so demand. Such evacuations may not involve the displacement of protected persons outside the bounds of the occupied territory except when for material reasons it is impossible to avoid such displacement. Persons thus evacuated shall be transferred back to their homes as soon as hostilities in the area in question have ceased.
The Occupying Power undertaking such transfers or evacuations shall ensure, to the greatest practicable extent, that proper accommodation is provided to receive the protected persons, that the removals are effected in satisfactory conditions of hygiene, health, safety and nutrition, and that members of the same family are not separated.
The Protecting Power shall be informed of any transfers and evacuations as soon as they have taken place.
The Occupying Power shall not detain protected persons in an area particularly exposed to the dangers of war unless the security of the population or imperative military reasons so demand.
The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies. 

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/1a13044f3bbb5b8ec12563fb0066f226/523ba38706c71588c12563cd0042c407

THE HAGUE CONVENTION

ARTICLE 55

”Art. 55. The occupying State shall be regarded only as administrator and usufructuary of public buildings, real estate, forests, and agricultural estates belonging to the hostile State, and situated in the occupied country. It must safeguard the capital of these properties, and administer them in accordance with the rules of usufruct.

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/0/1d1726425f6955aec125641e0038bfd6

[3]

[QUESTION] 6 
HOW CAN YOU ACCUSE ISRAEL OF APARTHEID WHEN ISRAELIVOTE IN NATIONAL ELECTIONS, HAVE PASSPORTS, MOVE FREELY,AND SERVE IN THE KNESSET?
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHQ & A: A TRESHOLD CROSSEDISRAELI AUTHORITIES AND THE CRIME OF APARTHEIDAND PERSECUTION

https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed#How_can_you

ORIGINELE BRON

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHQ & A: A TRESHOLD CROSSEDISRAELI AUTHORITIES AND THE CRIME OF APARTHEIDAND PERSECUTION

https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed

”We found the three elements of the crime of apartheid all come together in the OPT, pursuant to a single Israeli government policy. That policy is to maintain the domination of Jewish Israelis over Palestinians from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea. In the OPT, that intent has been coupled with systematic oppression and inhumane acts committed against Palestinians living there.”

[QUESTION] 7ARE YOU SAYING THAT THERE IS APARTHEIDWITHIN THE GREEN LINE , THE INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED BORDERS OFTHE STATE OF ISRAEL?OR ONLY IN THE WEST BANK AND GAZA?
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHQ & A: A TRESHOLD CROSSEDISRAELI AUTHORITIES AND THE CRIME OF APARTHEIDAND PERSECUTION

https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/qa-threshold-crossed#Are_you_saying

”The 213-page report, “A Threshold Crossed: Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution,” examines Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. It presents the present-day reality of a single authority, the Israeli government, ruling primarily over the area between the Jordan River and Mediterranean Sea, populated by two groups of roughly equal size, and methodologically privileging Jewish Israelis while repressing Palestinians, most severely in the occupied territory.”

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHABUSIVE ISRAELI POLICIES CONSTITUTE CRIMES OFAPARTHEID, PERSECUTIONCRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY SHOULD TRIGGER ACTION TO END REPRESSION AGAINST PALESTINIANS

https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/27/abusive-israeli-policies-constitute-crimes-apartheid-persecution

(Jerusalem) – Israeli authorities are committing the crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The finding is based on an overarching Israeli government policy to maintain the domination by Jewish Israelis over Palestinians and grave abuses committed against Palestinians living in the occupied territory, including East Jerusalem.

The 213-page report, “A Threshold Crossed: Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution,” examines Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. It presents the present-day reality of a single authority, the Israeli government, ruling primarily over the area between the Jordan River and Mediterranean Sea, populated by two groups of roughly equal size, and methodologically privileging Jewish Israelis while repressing Palestinians, most severely in the occupied territory.April 27, 2021

Q&A: A Threshold Crossed

Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution


“Prominent voices have warned for years that apartheid lurks just around the corner if the trajectory of Israel’s rule over Palestinians does not change,” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. “This detailed study shows that Israeli authorities have already turned that corner and today are committing the crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution.”

The finding of apartheid and persecution does not change the legal status of the occupied territory, made up of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza, or the factual reality of occupation.

Originally coined in relation to South Africa, apartheid today is a universal legal term. The prohibition against particularly severe institutional discrimination and oppression or apartheid constitutes a core principle of international law. The 1973 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid and the 1998 Rome Statute to the International Criminal Court (ICC) define apartheid as a crime against humanity consisting of three primary elements:

  1. An intent to maintain domination by one racial group over another.
  2. A context of systematic oppression by the dominant group over the marginalized group.
  3. Inhumane acts.

The reference to a racial group is understood today to address not only treatment on the basis of genetic traits but also treatment on the basis of descent and national or ethnic origin, as defined in the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. Human Rights Watch applies this broader understanding of race.

The crime against humanity of persecution, as defined under the Rome Statute and customary international law, consists of severe deprivation of fundamental rights of a racial, ethnic, or other group with discriminatory intent.

Human Rights Watch found that the elements of the crimes come together in the occupied territory, as part of a single Israeli government policy. That policy is to maintain the domination by Jewish Israelis over Palestinians across Israel and the occupied territory. It is coupled in the occupied territory with systematic oppression and inhumane acts against Palestinians living there.

Drawing on years of human rights documentation, case studies, and a review of government planning documents, statements by officials, and other sources, Human Rights Watch compared policies and practices toward Palestinians in the occupied territory and Israel with those concerning Jewish Israelis living in the same areas. Human Rights Watch wrote to the Israeli government in July 2020, soliciting its perspectives on these issues, but has received no response.

Across Israel and the occupied territory, Israeli authorities have sought to maximize the land available for Jewish communities and to concentrate most Palestinians in dense population centers. The authorities have adopted policies to mitigate what they have openly described as a “demographic threat” from Palestinians. In Jerusalem, for example, the government’s plan for the municipality, including both the west and occupied east parts of the city, sets the goal of “maintaining a solid Jewish majority in the city” and even specifies the demographic ratios it hopes to maintain.

To maintain domination, Israeli authorities systematically discriminate against Palestinians. The institutional discrimination that Palestinian citizens of Israel face includes laws that allow hundreds of small Jewish towns to effectively exclude Palestinians and budgets that allocate only a fraction of resources to Palestinian schools as compared to those that serve Jewish Israeli children. In the occupied territory, the severity of the repression, including the imposition of draconian military rule on Palestinians while affording Jewish Israelis living in a segregated manner in the same territory their full rights under Israel’s rights-respecting civil law, amounts to the systematic oppression required for apartheid.

Israeli authorities have committed a range of abuses against Palestinians. Many of those in the occupied territory constitute severe abuses of fundamental rights and the inhumane acts again required for apartheid, including: sweeping movement restrictions in the form of the Gaza closure and a permit regime, confiscation of more than a third of the land in the West Bank, harsh conditions in parts of the West Bank that led to the forcible transfer of thousands of Palestinians out of their homes, denial of residency rights to hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and their relatives, and the suspension of basic civil rights to millions of Palestinians.

Many of the abuses at the core of the commission of these crimes, such as near-categorical denial of building permits to Palestinians and demolition of thousands of homes on the pretext of lacking permits, have no security justification. Others, such as Israel’s effective freeze on the population registry it manages in the occupied territory, which all but blocks family reunification for Palestinians living there and bars Gaza residents from living in the West Bank, use security as a pretext to further demographic goals. Even when security forms part of the motivation, it no more justifies apartheid and persecution than it would excessive force or torture, Human Rights Watch said.

“Denying millions of Palestinians their fundamental rights, without any legitimate security justification and solely because they are Palestinian and not Jewish, is not simply a matter of an abusive occupation,” Roth said. “These policies, which grant Jewish Israelis the same rights and privileges wherever they live and discriminate against Palestinians to varying degrees wherever they live, reflect a policy to privilege one people at the expense of another.”

Statements and actions by Israeli authorities in recent years, including the passage of a law with constitutional status in 2018 establishing Israel as the “nation-state of the Jewish people,” the growing body of laws that further privilege Israeli settlers in the West Bank and do not apply to Palestinians living in the same territory, as well as the massive expansion in recent years of settlements and accompanying infrastructure connecting settlements to Israel, have clarified their intent to maintain the domination by Jewish Israelis. The possibility that a future Israeli leader might someday forge a deal with Palestinians that dismantles the discriminatory system does not negate that reality today.

Israeli authorities should dismantle all forms of repression and discrimination that privilege Jewish Israelis at the expense of Palestinians, including with regards to freedom of movement, allocation of land and resources, access to water, electricity, and other services, and the granting of building permits.

The ICC Office of the Prosecutor should investigate and prosecute those credibly implicated in the crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution. Countries should do so as well in accordance with their national laws under the principle of universal jurisdiction, and impose individual sanctions, including travel bans and asset freezes, on officials responsible for committing these crimes.

The findings of crimes against humanity should prompt the international community to reevaluate the nature of its engagement in Israel and Palestine and adopt an approach centered on human rights and accountability rather than solely on the stalled “peace process.” Countries should establish a UN commission of inquiry to investigate systematic discrimination and repression in Israel and Palestine and a UN global envoy for the crimes of persecution and apartheid with a mandate to mobilize international action to end persecution and apartheid worldwide.

Countries should condition arms sales and military and security assistance to Israel on Israeli authorities taking concrete and verifiable steps toward ending their commission of these crimes. Countries should vet agreements, cooperation schemes, and all forms of trade and dealing with Israel to screen for those directly contributing to committing the crimes, mitigate the human rights impacts and, where not possible, end activities and funding found to facilitate these serious crimes.

“While much of the world treats Israel’s half-century occupation as a temporary situation that a decades-long ‘peace process’ will soon cure, the oppression of Palestinians there has reached a threshold and a permanence that meets the definitions of the crimes of apartheid and persecution,” Roth said. “Those who strive for Israeli-Palestinian peace, whether a one or two-state solution or a confederation, should in the meantime recognize this reality for what it is and bring to bear the sorts of human rights tools needed to end it.”

”Israel has maintained military rule over some portion of the Palestinian population for all but six months of its 73-year history. It did so over the vast majority of Palestinians inside Israel from 1948 and until 1966. From 1967 until the present, it has militarily ruled over Palestinians in the OPT, excluding East Jerusalem. By contrast, it has since its founding governed all Jewish Israelis, including settlers in the OPT since the beginning of the occupation in 1967, under its more rights-respecting civil law.”

REPORT HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH:
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHA TRESHOLD CROSSEDISRAELI AUTHORITIES AND THE CRIME OF APARTHEID AND PERSECUTION

27 APRIL 2021

https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution

[4]

  Article 7 Crimes against humanity 

1. For the purpose of this Statute, “crime against humanity” means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack: 

(a) Murder;

 (b) Extermination;

 (c) Enslavement; 

(d) Deportation or forcible transfer of population; 

(e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law; 

(f) Torture;

 (g) Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity; 

(h) Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender as defined in paragraph 3, or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law, in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court;

 (i) Enforced disappearance of persons;

 (j) The crime of apartheid;

….

…. 

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

https://www.icc-cpi.int/resource-library/Documents/RS-Eng.pdf

[5]

LADY MACBETH

Here’s the smell of the blood still: all the
perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little
hand. Oh, oh, oh! MAC BETH ACT V, SCENE I http://shakespeare.mit.edu/macbeth/full.html

[6]
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHJERUSALEM TO GAZA: ISRAELI AUTHORITIES REASSERTDOMINATION
https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/05/11/jerusalem-gaza-israeli-authorities-reassert-domination

Forcible takeovers of homes, brutal suppression of demonstrators, places of worship under assault, identity-based communal violence, indiscriminate rocket attacks, children killed in strikes: what to make of the dizzying headlines out of Israel and Palestine in recent days?

Without doubt, the recent events in Gaza and Jerusalem have given rise to grave abuses. We are investigating and will take some time as we gather the facts. There are, though, some preliminary takeaways based on what we do know. 

The escalation began over the move to take over several Palestinian homes in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood of East Jerusalem, which Israel has annexed but is occupied territory under international law. Israel planned to evict the Palestinian residents and transfer their longtime homes to Jewish settlers. Israeli courts allowed these moves under a 1970 Israeli law that facilitates the return of property to Jewish owners or their heirs, including Jewish associations acting on their behalf, that they claim to have owned in East Jerusalem prior to 1948, when Jordanian authorities assumed control until 1967.

The Palestinian families involved had earlier been displaced from inside what is today Israel. They are barred by law from reclaiming their land and homes, which the Israeli authorities confiscated, along with land belonging to many other displaced Palestinians, as “absentee property” in the aftermath of the events around the establishment of the state of Israel between 1947 and 1949. A final court ruling on the matter is expected soon.

This discriminatory treatment, with the exact opposite legal outcomes for claims of pre-1948 title to property based on whether the claimant is a Jewish Israeli or a Palestinian, underscores the reality of apartheid that Palestinians in East Jerusalem face. Nearly all Palestinians who live in East Jerusalem hold a conditional, revocable residency status, while Jewish Israelis in the same area are citizens with secure status. Palestinians live in densely populated enclaves that receive a fraction of the resources given to settlements and effectively cannot obtain building permits, while neighboring Israeli settlements built on expropriated Palestinian land flourish.

Israeli officials have intentionally created this discriminatory system under which Jewish Israelis thrive at the expense of Palestinians. The government’s plan for the Jerusalem municipality, including both the west and occupied east parts of the city, sets the goal of “maintaining a solid Jewish majority in the city” and even specifies the demographic ratios it hopes to maintain. This intent to dominate underlies Israel’s crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution, which Human Rights Watch documented in a recent report.

To protest the planned Sheikh Jarrah evictions, Palestinians held demonstrations around East Jerusalem, some of which included incidents of rock-throwing. Israeli forces responded by firing teargas, stun grenades, and rubber-coated steel bullets, including inside al-Aqsa Mosque, injuring 1000 Palestinians, 735 by rubber bullets, between May 7 and May 10, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). At least 32 Israeli officers have also been injured, according to figures cited by OCHA.

These practices stem from a decades-long pattern of Israeli authorities using excessive and vastly disproportionate force to quell protests and disturbances by Palestinians, often resulting in serious injury and loss of life.

Protests later broke out both in the West Bank and inside Israel.

Seeking to take advantage of the opportunity to brandish their image as defenders of al-Aqsa Mosque, Hamas and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza fired rockets at Israeli population centers. Three people in Israel have been killed as a result, as of May 11. Such attacks, which are inherently indiscriminate and endanger the lives, homes, and properties of tens of thousands of Israeli civilians, are war crimes, as Human Rights Watch has extensively documented over the years.

In response, Israeli forces launched airstrikes in the Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Health Ministry reported on May 11 that these strikes killed 30 Palestinians, including 10 children, though there are reports that some may have been killed in errant rocket attacks by Palestinian armed groups. The legality of each strike requires thorough investigations, but the use of explosive weapons with wide area effects in the densely populated Gaza Strip, where more than 2 million Palestinians live in a strip of territory that is 41 kilometers long and between 6 and 12 kilometers wide, and targeting at times of residential buildings is likely to harm civilians.

During armed hostilities over the last decade plus, Human Rights Watch has documented the regular use of excessive and vastly disproportionate force by Israeli authorities, at times deliberately targeting civilians or civilian infrastructure.

For years, this cycle of escalation has played on loop, at varying degrees of intensity. Even if the immediate crisis subsides, the vicious cycle will continue so long as impunity for serious abuses remains the norm and the international community fails to take the sort of measures to ensure accountability that a situation of this gravity warrants.

END OF THE ARTICLE

[7]

6. Basque company CAF is contracted to extend Israel’s Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR) tram service to illegal settlements. Settlements are defined as war crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The JLR passes through Sheikh Jarrah where illegal settlers backed by the Israeli state, their military, and police forces, are attempting to ethnically cleanse Palestinian Sheikh Jarrah.

Use social media to demand #CAFGetOffIsraelsApartheidTrain

EAST JERUSALEM: WHAT IS HAPPENING AND HOW YOU CAN TAKE ACTION NOW

https://bdsmovement.net/news/east-jerusalem-what-happening-and-how-you-can-take-action-now

Watching apartheid Israel’s bloody crushing of popular Palestinian protests in Sheikh Jarrah and occupied Jerusalme calls us to action. We have proven before our collective power in the form of #BDS. Here are 9 actions you can take to fight Israeli impunity and #SaveSheikhJarrah.

Over the last number of weeks Palestinian protests to #SaveSheikhJarrah, in occupied East Jerusalem, have grown in size. They have been met with brutal repression by Israeli apartheid security forces, including police officers trained in Israel’s police training academy partially owned by G4S and Allied Universal. 

Indigenous Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah have fought lengthy legal battles in Israeli courts against eviction orders which would see them ethnically cleansed, forcefully evicted from their homes, and replaced with illegal Israeli settlers.

At the beginning of May, Israeli settlers submitted their response to the rightful claims of the residents of Sheikh Jarrah to the Israeli court, an apparatus of Israel’s apartheid regime. 

The Palestinian families were then given time to reach an “agreement” with the settlers regarding the right to their homes. Sheikh Jarrah belongs to the Palestinian families. It is part of the occupied Palestinian territory, and therefore any Israeli settler presence in it amounts to a war crime under international law. Israel’s settlement enterprise is an integral part of its apartheid system against all Palestinians.

The Israeli court decision to give a period of time to “both sides” to seek a compromise and reach an agreement is colonial gaslighting. It is also a tactic used to exhaust the ongoing protests and public pressure to #SaveSheikhJarrah. More protests are scheduled to take place over the coming days, and residents vow to remain steadfast.

In Silwan, another East Jerusalem neighbourhood, extremist settlers backed by the Israeli state want to take over the homes of seven Palestinian families who are also fighting lengthy legal battles in Israeli courts.

In occupied Jerusalem, Israel keeps a 60:40 demographic ratio between Jews and Arabs. All ‘excess’ Palestinians are under threat of forced transfer.

In April, Human Rights Watch published their histories report ‘A Threshold Crossed – Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution‘ outlining Israel’s demographic plans for Jerusalem.

In Jerusalem, the government’s plan for the municipality, including both the west and occupied east of the city, sets the goal of “maintaining a solid Jewish majority in the city” and a target demographic “ratio of 70% Jews and 30% Arabs”—later adjusted to a 60:40 ratio after authorities acknowledged that “this goal is not attainable” in light of “the demographic trend.”

Watching from afar Israel’s brutal violence against unarmed Palestinian protestors defending their homes and dignity can evoke feelings of anger mixed with powerlessness. We have proven before that collective action in the form of #BDS works best to express true and effective solidarity. Here are 9 actions you can take to fight Israeli impunity and #SaveSheikhJarrah 

TAKE ACTION

  1. First, use the power of social media to highlight what is happening. Use #SaveSheikhJarrah and #SaveSilwan in all of your social media posts. Share images and videos from activists who are facing social media censorship. Amplify the voices of the Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan.
     
  2. Last week Human Rights Watch stated in their groundbreaking report what Palestinians have been saying for decades. Israel is an apartheid state. Now the global consensus is building. Israel’s regime of oppression, including its actions in Sheikh Jarrah, fits the UN definition of apartheid. We can work together to dismantle Israeli apartheid, as global solidarity and boycotts helped to end South African apartheid.Support our campaign and use #UNInvestigateApartheid on social media to add your voice to the global call.
     
  3. Israeli security companies make millions of dollars in global exports every year by selling goods and services tested on Indigenous Palestinians, including those struggling against ethnic cleansing in occupied Jerusalem.  AnyVision’s facial recognition system and NSO’s spying technology are among the most obvious examples of apartheid Israel’s tools of mass surveillance and repression. Israel tries them on Palestinians and exports them to dictatorships and far-right governments worldwide to support their crimes and human rights violations.Pressure your parliament/government to impose a #MilitaryEmbargo against Israel.
     
  4. G4S and now Allied Universal own a 25% stake in Israel’s national police academy where Israeli police learn brutal & violent repression being used against residents and activists in Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan. Some of these militarized tactics end up being shared with U.S. and other police forces during joint training.Join our letter-writing campaign and urge Allied Universal executives to divest from Israeli apartheid.On social media use #StopG4S to demand they divest from Israeli apartheid.
  5. Hewlett Packard Enterprise and Hewlett Packard (HPE and HP) play key roles in Israel’s regime of military occupation, settler-colonialism and apartheid against the Indigenous Palestinians. They provide computer systems to the Israeli army and maintain data centres through their servers for the Israeli police who are violently repressing peaceful protestors defending their homes in Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan.Sign the international pledge and use #BoycottHP on social media.
     
  6. Basque company CAF is contracted to extend Israel’s Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR) tram service to illegal settlements. Settlements are defined as war crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The JLR passes through Sheikh Jarrah where illegal settlers backed by the Israeli state, their military, and police forces, are attempting to ethnically cleanse Palestinian Sheikh Jarrah.Use social media to demand #CAFGetOffIsraelsApartheidTrain
     
  7. German sportswear manufacturer PUMA sponsors the Israel Football Association, which includes teams and pitches in illegal Israeli settlements, including Givat HaMivtar, just north of Sheikh Jarrah in occupied East Jerusalem. Join the campaign launched by 200 Palestinian teams to #BoycottPuma.Share social media actions hijacking PUMA’s #OnlySeeGreat campaign with Palestinians #OnlySeeApartheid.
     
  8. Boycott all products from Israel’s colonial settlements! Israeli produce like dates and avocados, many of which are produced by companies operating in settlements, can be found in local supermarkets. Demand your supermarket to stop stocking them.
     
  9. International action can help stop Israel in its tracks. Email or call the elected officials in your country and urge them to adopt Human Rights Watch findings on Israeli apartheid and, crucially, its recommendations to condition all relations with Israel on dismantling its apartheid regime.

END OF THE ARTICLE

CAF: GET OUT OF SHEIKH JARRAH!

https://bdsmovement.net/caf-get-out-of-sheikh-jarrah

This Saturday June 5 is the annual shareholder meeting of CAF, a Basque company that is building the Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), a tram line serving Israel’s illegal settlements in Jerusalem.

The JLR passes through occupied Jerusalem including the Palestinian neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah, which Israel wants to ethnically cleanse.

We need your help to pressure CAF shareholders: CAF must end its complicity with Israel’s violent occupation of Jerusalem.

Four Palestinian families are facing eviction from their Jerusalem homes in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. Over the past few weeks, Israeli settlers, with the backing of lsrael’s military and police forces, have violently attacked Palestinians in Sheikh Jarrah and the rest of occupied Jerusalem. 

This last wave of attacks is not new and is a core part of Israel’s systemic ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in Jerusalem- which is illegal under international law.

Palestinians in Sheikh Jarrah are resilient and defiant, and despite Israel’s brutal attacks, they will not give up their rights to their homes.

You can stand with them by pressuring CAF to abandon the project to build Israel’s colonial tramway. 

Pressure works, and there is a precedent. Two weeks ago, the Norwegian Oil Fund divested from CAF’s partner in the Jerusalem Light Rail, the Israeli company Shapir, due to its complicity in human rights violations. The Norwegian Oil Fund is also a shareholder of CAF.

On Saturday, CAF shareholders have a choice to make: take the company out of Sheikh Jarrah, and occupied Jerusalem, or face losing lucrative contracts around the world through BDS action.

END OF ARTICLE

[8]

”Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAEL: DISENGAGEMENT WILL NOT

END GAZA OCCUPATION’

https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

TEXT

Israeli Government Still Holds Responsibility for Welfare of Civilians

The Israeli government’s plan to remove troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip would not end Israel’s occupation of the territory. As an occupying power, Israel will retain responsibility for the welfare of Gaza’s civilian population.

Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

Under the plan, Israel is scheduled to remove settlers and military bases protecting the settlers from the Gaza Strip and four isolated West Bank Jewish settlements by the end of 2005. The Israeli military will remain deployed on Gaza’s southern border, and will reposition its forces to other areas just outside the territory.

In addition to controlling the borders, coastline and airspace, Israel will continue to control Gaza’s telecommunications, water, electricity and sewage networks, as well as the flow of people and goods into and out of the territory. Gaza will also continue to use Israeli currency.

A World Bank study on the economic effects of the plan determined that “disengagement” would ease restrictions on mobility inside Gaza. But the study also warned that the removal of troops and settlers would have little positive effect unless accompanied by an opening of Gaza’s borders. If the borders are sealed to labor and trade, the plan “would create worse hardship than is seen today.”

The plan also explicitly envisions continued home demolitions by the Israeli military to expand the “buffer zone” along the Gaza-Egypt border. According to a report released last week by Human Rights Watch, the Israeli military has illegally razed nearly 1,600 homes since 2000 to create this buffer zone, displacing some 16,000 Palestinians. Israeli officials have called for the buffer zone to be doubled, which would result in the destruction of one-third of the Rafah refugee camp.

In addition, the plan states that disengagement “will serve to dispel the claims regarding Israel’s responsibility for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.” A report by legal experts from the Israeli Justice Ministry, Foreign Ministry and the military made public on Sunday, however, reportedly acknowledges that disengagement “does not necessarily exempt Israel from responsibility in the evacuated territories.”

If Israel removes its troops from Gaza, the Palestinian National Authority will maintain responsibility for security within the territory—to the extent that Israel allows Palestinian police the authority and capacity. Palestinian security forces will still have a duty to protect civilians within Gaza and to prevent indiscriminate attacks on Israeli civilians.

“Under international law, the test for determining whether an occupation exists is effective control by a hostile army, not the positioning of troops,” Whitson said. “Whether the Israeli army is inside Gaza or redeployed around its periphery and restricting entrance and exit, it remains in control.”

Under international law, the duties of an occupying power are detailed in the Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations. According to The Hague Regulations, a “territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army. The occupation extends only to the territory where such authority has been established and can be exercised.”

END OF ARTICLE

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

PATTERNS OF ISRAELI ATTACKS ON RESIDENTIAL

HOMES IN GAZA MUST INVESTIGATED AS WARCRIMES

17 MAY 2021

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2021/05/israelopt-pattern-of-israeli-attacks-on-residential-homes-in-gaza-must-be-investigated-as-war-crimes/

Israeli forces have displayed a shocking disregard for the lives of Palestinian civilians by carrying out a number of airstrikes targeting residential buildings in some cases killing entire families – including children – and causing wanton destruction to civilian property, in attacks that may amount to war crimes or crimes against humanity, said Amnesty International today.

The organization has documented four deadly attacks by Israel launched on residential homes without prior warning and is calling for the International Criminal Court (ICC) to urgently investigate these attacks. The death toll in Gaza continues to climb with at least 198 Palestinians killed including 58 children and more than 1,220 injured. Ten people in Israel, including two children, have been killed and at least 27 injured by Palestinian attacks.

“There is a horrific pattern emerging of Israel launching air strikes in Gaza targeting residential buildings and family homes – in some cases entire families were buried beneath the rubble when the buildings they lived in collapsed.  In the cases documented below, no prior warning was given to the civilian residents to allow them to escape. Under international humanitarian law, all parties must distinguish between military targets and civilian objects and direct their attacks only at military objectives. When carrying out attacks, parties must take all feasible precautions to minimize harm to civilians,” said Saleh Higazi, Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“Although the Israeli military has given no explanation of what military objectives it was targeting in these attacks, it is hard to imagine how bombing residential buildings full of civilian families without warning could be considered proportionate under international humanitarian law. It is not possible to use large explosive weapons, like aircraft bombs that have a blast radius of many hundreds of meters, in populated areas without anticipating major civilian casualties.

“By carrying out these brazen deadly attacks on family homes without warning Israel has demonstrated a callous disregard for lives of Palestinian civilians who are already suffering the collective punishment of Israel’s illegal blockade on Gaza since 2007.”

The Israeli army claims that it only attacks military targets and has justified airstrikes on residential buildings on that basis. However, residents told Amnesty International that there were no fighters or military objectives in the vicinity at the time of the attacks documented.

“Deliberate attacks on civilians and civilian property and infrastructure are war crimes, as are disproportionate attacks. The International Criminal Court has an active investigation into the situation in Palestine and should urgently investigate these attacks as war crimes. States should also consider exercising universal jurisdiction over those who commit war crimes. Impunity only works to fuel the pattern of unlawful attacks and civilian bloodshed, which have we have repeatedly documented in previous Israeli military offensives on Gaza,” said Saleh Higazi.

At least 152 residential properties in Gaza have been destroyed since 11 May, according to the Gaza-based human rights organization, Al Mezan Center for Human Rights. According to the Palestinian Ministry of Public Works and Housing in Gaza, Israeli strikes have destroyed 94 buildings, comprising 461 housing and commercial units while 285 housing units have been severely damaged and rendered uninhabitable.

According to United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) more than 2,500 people have been made homeless due to the destruction of their homes and more than 38,000 people have been internally displaced and have sought shelter in 48 UNRWA schools across Gaza.

Indiscriminate rocket-fire by Palestinian armed groups towards civilian areas of Israel has also killed and injured civilians and damaged homes and other civilian properties. The rockets fired from Gaza into Israel are imprecise and their use violates international humanitarian law which prohibits the use of weapons that are by nature indiscriminate. These attacks should also be investigated by the ICC as war crimes.

Amnesty International has previously published evidence that the Israeli military had a deliberate policy of targeting family homes during the 2014 conflict.

Devastating attacks on family homes

In one of the heaviest episodes of bombardment since the latest fighting began, between 1am and 2am on 16 May Israel carried out airstrikes against residential buildings and streets in Gaza City. The attacks completely destroyed two residential buildings belonging to the Abu al-Ouf and al-Kolaq families – killing 30 people – 11 of them children. 

Gaza’s Ministry of Labour building was also destroyed in the attacks. The attack blocked al-Wehda Street, one of the main roads leading to the main hospital in Gaza, al-Shifa.

The families residing in the four-storey al-Ouf building, which included residential apartments and shops, received no prior warning – they were buried beneath the rubble in the attack. 

Yousef Yassin, a medic from al-Shifa Hospital, was one of the first to arrive on the scene of al-Ouf Building after the attack and helped pull survivors from the wreckage with the Red Crescent. He described the scene to Amnesty International as one of “great destruction”.

“I helped get out four dead [bodies], but there were many more. It was very hard. There was no warning, so people were inside their home sitting together, and this is a lively, bustling area,” he said. 

Shortly before midnight on 14 May Israeli air strikes hit the three-storey building of the al-Atar family in Beit Lahia killing 28-year-old Lamya Hassan Mohammed Al-Atar her three children Islam, seven, Amira, six, and Mohammed an eight-month-old baby. 

Lamya’s father, Hassan Al-Atar, a civil defence officer told Amnesty International he headed to the scene of the attack with an ambulance and rescue team after a relative called him with news of the attack.  “He told me that our home had been bombed and [he was] stuck under the rubble [with his] wife and children,” he said.

“I arrived at the house, which is made up of three stories – 20 people live there – I tried to find people, but I could not. Then the rescue team arrived to help and we eventually found my daughter, a mother of three, with her children, one of whom was a baby, under one of the cement pillars of the house; all of them were dead. The other residents seem to have managed to escape from an opening after the bombing and got to the hospital. I was shocked,” he said.

Nader Mahmoud Mohammed Al-Thom, from al-Salatin neighbourhood in Beit Lahia, described how his home where he lives with eight others was attacked without any warning shortly after midnight on 15 May.

“There was no warning missile, no warning call, the house was bombed, and we were inside. Thank God that the civil defence and by sheer chance was close by and saved us from under the rubble, thank God no one died. We had injuries but not serious, when we got out I saw a fire at the gate of the house, then the ambulance took us to the hospital. I think this is when I lost consciousness. Thank God no one was badly hurt but we lost our house. We are now in the street; we do not know where to go what to do.” 

His family sought shelter at an UNRWA school but the school they arrived at was closed when they arrived and they had to sleep outside in the school yard. His entire home was destroyed including his clothes, money and paperwork and all their belongings.

In addition to residential homes, Israeli attacks have damaged water and electricity infrastructure as well as medical facilities and halted the operations of the North Gaza Seawater Desalination plant, which supplies water to more than 250,000 people.  

END OF THE ARTICLE

[9]

WIKIPEDIA

DIXI

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dixi

FORMER LETTER TO CAF!


Astrid Essed 
Mon, Nov 30, 2020, 10:49 PM
to caf@caf.net

TOCAF 
Director and ManagementSubject: Involvement with the illegal Israeli settlements

Dear Director,Dear Management,

Sometimes I ask myself, how on earth it is possible, that there arestill companies, that work with notorious thieves and villains likeoccupation countries, helping them with stealing and robbering!Alas I have learnt, that your company, the Basque Spanish multinational CAF [Construcciones Y Auxiliar de Ferocarilles], is notorious for that, sincein August 2019, a consortium, led by your CAF and the Israeli infrastructurecompany Shapir was selected by Israel’s finance ministry, to lead the expansionof the Jerusalem Light Rail, serving Israel’s illegal settlements in occupiedPalestinian territory. Look for all the information under note 1!
I think it is a shame and disgrace, that your company signed for openly violatingInternational Law and human rights!Your company must be  beaten virtually for this.
ISRAELI OCCUPATION
Although it should not be necessary, for your sake someinformation about the Israeli settlements.Of course you know about the now 53 years Israeli occupation of thePalestinian territories the West Bank, Eastern Jerusalem and Gaza [2],despite UN Security Resolution 242 [3] and all subsequent resolutions.As an occupation regime, Israel is responsible for and guilty ofstructural repression, human rights violations and systematic warcrimes [4] and crimes of humanity like ethnic cleansings. [5]
So even when there were no illegal settlements, you should notcooperate with the Israeli occupation State!

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS
You know, or else you should know, that all Israeli settlements, built onthe occupied Palestinian territories are illegal according under International Law,according to article 49. 4th Geneva Convention, as the the Hague Convention. [6]
Not only this settlement building is pure land theft, not seldom the settlers [theIsraeli inhabitants of the illegal settlements] are very agressive towards theoccupied Palestinian population as the Israeli human rights organization Btselem mentions.[7]And the worst part is, that those agressive settlers are often supported by Israeli Security Forces! [8]

EPILOGUE
I have presented you with the facts.The facts you already knew, or should have known otherwise.I don’t know, what’s worse.

By leading the expansion of the Jerusalem Light Railand thus serving  Israel’s illegal settlements in occupied Palestinian territory, you are notonly tainted by your cooperation with a criminal occupation regime, alsoyou are complicit in landtheft and de fcato expulsion of the occupiedPalestinian population from their own ground.
Is that the way you earn your money.Your BLOODmoney?
Shame on you!

If you have any conscience and decency, withdraw from youractivities, helping the illegal settlements in occupied Palestinianterritory.Evil practices.
If not:
Then History will put you on the black list, ading war criminalsand criminals against humanity.
DIXI! [Latin: I have said, I have spoken] [9]

Kind greetings
Astrid EssedAmsterdam The Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

WIKIPEDIAJERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Light_Rail

INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COMCAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

TEXT

JERUSALEM Transportation Masterplan Team (JTMT) has awarded the TransJerusalem J-Net consortium, comprised of CAF and the construction firm Shapir, a €1.8bn contract to undertake an extension to the Jerusalem light rail network.

The Private-Public Partnership (PPP) includes the construction of 27km of new track, 53 new stations and various depots covering a 6.8km extension to the Red Line, and the new 20.6km Green Line. The Red Line is currently 13.8km long with 23 stations, and carries around 145,000 passengers daily.

The consortium will also design and supply 114 new Urbos LRVs for the Green Line, and the refurbishment of the 46 vehicles currently in service on the Red Line.

The contract includes the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation.

CAF’s share of the contract is worth more than €500m, and includes the vehicle’s supply and refurbishment, signalling, energy and communication systems and project integration. CAF will also have a 50% stake in the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines, which is expected to have a €1bn turnover.

Construction is expected begin later this year with the new extensions fully operational by 2025.

Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland) also submitted bids for the contract.

END OF ARTICLE 

”Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem”
URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GEEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER

TEXT

The transport authority JTMT (Jerusalem Transportation Masterplan Team) has chosen the TransJerusalem J-Net Ltd consortium, consisting in the CAF Group and the construction firm Saphir, for the Jerusalem light rail project. The project value is 1.8 billion EUR.

The so-called Green line is a PPP (Private-Public Partnership) scheme and includes the construction of 20.6 kilometres of new track, 53 stations and a depot. Jerusalem opened its’ first light rail line, the red line in 2011. The new Green line uses the current Red Line on a stretch of 6.8 km. The contract also includes the design and supply of 114 low-floor Urbos trams (which will be operated as double-tractions) for the new Green Line and the refurbishment of the 46 units which are currently in service on the existing Red Line.

114 Urbos trams and 25 years of operation

The project scope of the consortium will also include the supply of the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation. The CAF Group’s scope of this project exceeds 500 million EUR. The Group will also have a 50% stake in the company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines. The project is expected to be implemented this year with the new network fully operative by 2025.

The future network

The tram’s Red Line currently extends along 13.8 km with 23 stations distributed on the route, was inaugurated in 2011 and providing transport to over 145,000 passengers on average per day. The Green lines is expected to have a ridership of 200,000 passengers per day. It will link the two campuses of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and continue south via Pat junction to Gilo while using a common section with the Red line in the city centre until the terminus of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem railway station which was inaugurated in 2018.

Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem. 

END OF ARTICLEBDS MOVEMENTCAF/GET OF ISRAEL’S APARTHEID TRAIN

https://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

[2]
”Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAEL: DISENGAGEMENT WILL NOT

END GAZA OCCUPATION

https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

TEXT

Israeli Government Still Holds Responsibility for Welfare of Civilians

The Israeli government’s plan to remove troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip would not end Israel’s occupation of the territory. As an occupying power, Israel will retain responsibility for the welfare of Gaza’s civilian population.

Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

Under the plan, Israel is scheduled to remove settlers and military bases protecting the settlers from the Gaza Strip and four isolated West Bank Jewish settlements by the end of 2005. The Israeli military will remain deployed on Gaza’s southern border, and will reposition its forces to other areas just outside the territory.

In addition to controlling the borders, coastline and airspace, Israel will continue to control Gaza’s telecommunications, water, electricity and sewage networks, as well as the flow of people and goods into and out of the territory. Gaza will also continue to use Israeli currency.

A World Bank study on the economic effects of the plan determined that “disengagement” would ease restrictions on mobility inside Gaza. But the study also warned that the removal of troops and settlers would have little positive effect unless accompanied by an opening of Gaza’s borders. If the borders are sealed to labor and trade, the plan “would create worse hardship than is seen today.”

The plan also explicitly envisions continued home demolitions by the Israeli military to expand the “buffer zone” along the Gaza-Egypt border. According to a report released last week by Human Rights Watch, the Israeli military has illegally razed nearly 1,600 homes since 2000 to create this buffer zone, displacing some 16,000 Palestinians. Israeli officials have called for the buffer zone to be doubled, which would result in the destruction of one-third of the Rafah refugee camp.

In addition, the plan states that disengagement “will serve to dispel the claims regarding Israel’s responsibility for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.” A report by legal experts from the Israeli Justice Ministry, Foreign Ministry and the military made public on Sunday, however, reportedly acknowledges that disengagement “does not necessarily exempt Israel from responsibility in the evacuated territories.”

If Israel removes its troops from Gaza, the Palestinian National Authority will maintain responsibility for security within the territory—to the extent that Israel allows Palestinian police the authority and capacity. Palestinian security forces will still have a duty to protect civilians within Gaza and to prevent indiscriminate attacks on Israeli civilians.

“Under international law, the test for determining whether an occupation exists is effective control by a hostile army, not the positioning of troops,” Whitson said. “Whether the Israeli army is inside Gaza or redeployed around its periphery and restricting entrance and exit, it remains in control.”

Under international law, the duties of an occupying power are detailed in the Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations. According to The Hague Regulations, a “territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army. The occupation extends only to the territory where such authority has been established and can be exercised.”

[3]

WIKIPEDIA

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY RESOLUTION 

242

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_242

[4]HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHRAIN OF FIRE: ISRAEL’S UNLAWFUL USE OF WHITE PHOSPHORUSIN GAZA
https://www.hrw.org/report/2009/03/25/rain-fire/israels-unlawful-use-white-phosphorus-gaza

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHKILLING OF PALESTINIAN CIVILIANS DURING OPERATIONCAST LEAD
https://www.hrw.org/report/2009/08/13/white-flag-deaths/killings-palestinian-civilians-during-operation-cast-lead

”(Jerusalem) – At least 18 Israeli airstrikes during the fighting in Gaza in November 2012 were in apparent violation of the laws of war, Human Rights Watch said today after a detailed investigation into the attacks. These airstrikes killed at least 43 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children.”
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL: GAZA AIRSTRIKES VIOLATED LAWS OFWAR
https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/02/12/israel-gaza-airstrikes-violated-laws-war

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALA YEAR FROM DEADLY ISRAEL/GAZA CONFLICT, THE NIGHTMARE CONTINUES
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2013/11/year-deadly-israelgaza-conflict-nightmare-continues/

[5]

” Article 7 Crimes against humanity 1. For the purpose of this Statute, “crime against humanity” means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack: (a) Murder; (b) Extermination; (c) Enslavement; (d) Deportation or forcible transfer of population;

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

https://www.icc-cpi.int/resource-library/Documents/RS-Eng.pdf

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

ILLEGAL DEMOLITION AND FORICLE

TRANSFER OF BEDOUIN VILLAGE AMOUNTS 

TO WAR CRIME

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/06/israel-illegal-demolition-and-forcible-transfer-of-palestinian-bedouin-village-amounts-to-war-crime/
[6]
ILLEGALITY OF THE SETTLEMENTS

”Israel’s policy of settling its civilians in occupied Palestinian territory and displacing the local population contravenes fundamental rules of international humanitarian law.

Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention states: “The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.” It also prohibits the “individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory”. 

The extensive appropriation of land and the appropriation and destruction of property required to build and expand settlements also breach other rules of international humanitarian law. Under the Hague Regulations of 1907, the public property of the occupied population (such as lands, forests and agricultural estates) is subject to the laws of usufruct. This means that an occupying state is only allowed a very limited use of this property. This limitation is derived from the notion that occupation is temporary, the core idea of the law of occupation. In the words of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the occupying power “has a duty to ensure the protection, security, and welfare of the people living under occupation and to guarantee that they can live as normal a life as possible, in accordance with their own laws, culture, and traditions.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

CHAPTER 3: ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL

LAW

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/chapter-3-israeli-settlements-and-international-law/

ARTICLE 49. 4TH GENEVA CONVENTION

ARTICLE 49 [ Link ]

Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
Nevertheless, the Occupying Power may undertake total or partial evacuation of a given area if the security of the population or imperative military reasons so demand. Such evacuations may not involve the displacement of protected persons outside the bounds of the occupied territory except when for material reasons it is impossible to avoid such displacement. Persons thus evacuated shall be transferred back to their homes as soon as hostilities in the area in question have ceased.
The Occupying Power undertaking such transfers or evacuations shall ensure, to the greatest practicable extent, that proper accommodation is provided to receive the protected persons, that the removals are effected in satisfactory conditions of hygiene, health, safety and nutrition, and that members of the same family are not separated.
The Protecting Power shall be informed of any transfers and evacuations as soon as they have taken place.
The Occupying Power shall not detain protected persons in an area particularly exposed to the dangers of war unless the security of the population or imperative military reasons so demand.
The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies. 

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/1a13044f3bbb5b8ec12563fb0066f226/523ba38706c71588c12563cd0042c407

THE HAGUE CONVENTION

ARTICLE 55

”Art. 55. The occupying State shall be regarded only as administrator and usufructuary of public buildings, real estate, forests, and agricultural estates belonging to the hostile State, and situated in the occupied country. It must safeguard the capital of these properties, and administer them in accordance with the rules of usufruct.

Treaties, States parties, and Commentaries – Hague Convention (IV) on War on Land and its Annexed Regulations, 1907 – –
Treaties, States parties, and Commentaries – Hague Convention (IV) on Wa…

[7]

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLER VIOLENCE

https://www.btselem.org/topic/settler_violence

[8]

BTSELEM.ORG

ISRAELI SETTLERS STONE HOME IN BURIN, ESCORTED BY

SOLDIERS, WHO FIRE TEAR GAS AT RESIDENTS. CHILD FAINTS

FROM INHALATION

https://www.btselem.org/video/20201120_settlers_stone_homes_in_burin_and_soldiers_fire_tear_gas_at_residents#full

[9]

Definition of ’dixi’

dixiin British English

Latin (ˈdɪksɪ)EXCLAMATIONI have spoken
Dixi definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary
Dixi definition and meaning | Collins English DictionaryDixi definition: I have spoken | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Letter to CAF about their continuing involvement in the illegal Israeli settlements

Opgeslagen onder Divers

OV Utrecht steunt illegale Israelische nederzettingen/Samenwerking met CAF

OV UTRECHT STEUNT ILLEGALE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN/SAMENWERKING MET CAF

  • A metro stop
  • CAFCreating rail solutions tailored to suit the needs of each and every customer.Front view of a high-speed train

CAF TRANSPORTSYSTEM, EARNING BLOOD MONEY BY SUPPORTING THEILLEGAL ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS

Image result for settlements/Images

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW


https://www.caf.net/en/compania/index.phphttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-cafhttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

AANOV UTRECHTDIRECTIE EN MANAGEMENT

Onderwerp:Oproep tot verbreking van alle banden met CAF vanwege betrokkenheidbij de Israelische bezettingspolitiek

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management

Vooraf:Als u erachter staat, dat mensen worden bezet, van hun land wordenverdreven, worden bestolen en/of geintimideerd, lees dan niet verder.

[Een soortgelijke brief is eveneens verzonden naar het GVB en de NS, die net zoals u met CAF in zee zijn gegaan]

Volgens betrouwbare informatie, die mij bereikt heeft, bent u een samenwerkingsverband aangegaan met CAF, de Spaanse leverancier vantreinen en trams [1] en ik roep u per onmiddellijk op om dit misdadigebedrijf uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten!
Reden [en dat verklaart dan ook direct waarom ik dit CAF bedrijf”misdadig” noem]:De CAF betrokkenheid bij de Israelische bezettings en landroof politiek!
Hoewel u daarvan op de hoogte had moeten zijn en daarom sowieso nietmet CAF in zee had moeten gaan, zal ik het nog eens uitleggen:
CAF, dat Spaans-Baskische trein en tramvervoerbedrijf, werkt in opdracht vanIsrael aan de uitbreiding van de ”Jerusalem Lightrail”, een sneltramverbinding,die West Jerusalem verbindt met de in bezet Palestijns gebied gelegenillegale nederzettingen in Oost-Jerusalem [Oost-Jerusalem is dus, zoalsu dient te weten, door Israel bezet gebied] [2]Deze samenwerking van CAF aan Lightrail dateert reeds van 2019! [3]

WAAROM MISDADIG?
Ik heb het hierboven al geschreven:Dat CAF bedrijf is misdadig, omdat het willens en wetens meewerkt[en eraan verdient!] aan de instandhouding van de misdadige Israelische bezetting [4] en de direct daaruit voortvloeiende even misdadigenederzettingenpolitiek!Niet alleen zijn die in bezet Palestijns gebied gebouwde nederzettingenillegaal volgens het Internationaal Recht [5], er is ook overduidelijksprake van directe landroof, omdat bezet Palestijns gebied is GESTOLENvan de bezette Palestijnse bevolking [die van hun rechtmatige gebied isverdreven] ten gunste van uit Israel afkomstige Joodse inwoners, aan wie opvoormalig Palestijns land [of huizen] bewoningen en land is toegewezen.En alsof dat nog niet erg genoeg is, is er regelmatig sprake van terreur en geweld van deze kolonisten [bewoners van de illegale nederzettingen] tegenover de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, al dan niet ondersteund doorIsraelische veiligheidstroepen!Lees er de Israelische mensenrechtenorganisatie B’stelem maar opna! [6]
UW OPDRACHT
Het zou u niet eens meer gezegd moeten worden!Niet alleen had u nooit met CAF, dat de Israelische bezettings en kolonisatiepolitiek faciliteert [7] en er direct aan verdient, in zee moeten gaan, omdatu alle informatie, die ik u hier heb aangedragen, ook wel had kunnen vinden,nu u dus van deze informatie voorzien bent, die anderen dan ik u ook hebben aangedragen [8], dient dit misdadige bedrijf, CAF, per directuit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten!Niet alleen vanwege CAF’s misdadige involvement met Jerusalem Light Rail[zie wat ik daarover reeds geschreven heb in bovenstaande], maar ookdoor de hardleersheid van dit bedrijf.Weet u, dat concurrenten van CAF, zoals Alston, Siemens, Bombardier, Systraen Maquarie zich WEL hebben teruggetrokken uit de Jerusalem Light Railaanbesteding? [9]Neen?Dan weet u het nu!
En dat voorbeeld dient u ook te volgen

EPILOOG
Ik heb het al duidelijk gemaakt en hoef er weinig meer aan toe te voegen:U bent in zee gegaan met CAF, een totaal fout bedrijf, dat door haar betrokkenheid bij Jerusalem Light Rail, medewerkt aan de facilitering eninstandhouding van een van de meest kwalijke aspecten van de Israelischebezettingspolitiek:De in bezet Palestijns gebied gestichte Joods-Israelische nederzettingen,in strijd met het Internationaal Recht [10] en tot stand gekomen door regelrechtediefstal en landroof. BAH!
Daarvan zou u uit uzelf moeten zeggen:Bij zo’n vieze Club wil ik niet horen en er zeker geen vervoermiddelenvan willen afnemen.
Dus nu een duidelijke waarschuwing en eis van mijn kant, waarschijnlijkvoorafgegaan door vele anderen [11]
MIJDT CAF IN DE TOEKOMST, GA NIET MEER MET DEZE MISDADIGERS IN ZEE!
Anders bent u betrokken bij Bloedgeld, Bezetting en Landroofen staat u erachter, dat  dat mensen worden bezet, van hun land wordenverdreven, worden bestolen en/of geintimideerd.
Dat maakt u dan tot mede crimineel
Mijdt dus in de toekomst CAF!Het is al erg genoeg, dat u met hen in zee gegaan bent.
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 
NOTEN

[1]
OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT
ZONDAG TESTRITTEN MET NIEUWE TRAMS TUSSENUTRECHT EN IJSSELSTEIN19 FEBRUARI 2021
https://www.spoorpro.nl/lightrail/2021/02/19/zondag-testritten-met-nieuwe-trams-tussen-utrecht-en-ijsselstein/

U-OV en het trambedrijf van de provincie Utrecht hervatten zondag de testritten op 61 tussen Utrecht Centraal en IJsselstein-Zuid. Deze ritten met de nieuwe Urbos 100-tramstellen van de Spaanse fabrikant CAF moesten op zondag 7 februari worden stilgelegd vanwege het winterse weer.
De testritten worden zondag met meerdere trams uitgevoerd over het gehele traject van de vernieuwde tramlijn 61. Omdat het hier gaat om testritten zijn reizigers nog niet toegestaan aan boord van de trams op lijn 61. De trams op lijn 60 tussen Utrecht en Nieuwegein-Zuid rijden dan wel een normale zondagsdienstregeling met reizigers.TestrittenDe testritten staan vooral in het teken van een punctuele dienstregeling rijden. Daarbij wordt gereden op een vast tijdschema van een kwartierdienst. Dit betekent dat op het spoor tussen Nieuwegein-Centrum en IJsselstein-Zuid vier keer per uur per richting een tram langskomt.Tijdens deze testritten wordt gecontroleerd hoe alle technische systemen functioneren wanneer de trams in deze frequentie rijden. Daarbij wordt ook de dagelijkse operatie van vervoerder U-OV beproefd. Zo wordt getest hoe het openbaar vervoer verloopt wanneer de trams richting Nieuwegein-Zuid en IJsselstein rijden over het splitsingswissel in Nieuwegein.Na de proefritten van zondag volgt een nieuwe serie uitgebreide ritten waarin de dienstregeling van tramlijn 61 wordt getest.
EINDE BERICHT

THE RIGHTS FORUM

SLUIT SPAANSE TREINENBOUWER CAF UIT VAN AANBESTEDINGEN

IN NEDERLAND

14 APRIL 2021

Twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties dringen aan op uitsluiting van CAF van aanbestedingen in Nederland. De Spaanse leverancier van treinen en trams is in Israël/Palestina betrokken bij oorlogsmisdaden. Met een e-mail kunnen Nederlanders hun oproep steunen.

Eind maart stuurden de Algemene Federatie van Onafhankelijke Vakbonden Palestina en de Palestijnse Nieuwe Federatie van Vakbonden een oproep aan de NS, het Amsterdamse GVB en de provincie Utrecht om hun huidige leverancier van ‘rollend materieel’, het Spaanse CAF, uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten. Nederlandse burgers kunnen hun oproep per e-mail steunen. Inmiddels hebben meer dan twaalfhonderd Nederlanders dat gedaan. Aanleiding voor de actie is de ontsporing van het voorheen respectabele bedrijf.

De ontsporing van CAF

CAF – voluit Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles – werkt in opdracht van Israël aan de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies in Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Palestijnse Westelijke Jordaanoever. Het project beoogt de illegale Israëlische kolonisering van de Palestijnse gebieden dieper te verankeren.

De Israëlische kolonisering is in strijd met het internationaal recht, en geldt onder de Conventies van Genève en het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof als een oorlogsmisdaad. Daarnaast gaat de kolonisering gepaard met een regime van militaire bezetting en apartheid, en met structurele schendingen van de mensenrechten.

Daar moet je als bedrijf niet aan meewerken. Dat vonden ook Siemens, Bombardier, Alstom en andere bedrijven die zich terugtrokken als potentieel partner in de JLR. Met dat besluit leefden zij de UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights en andere internationale gedragscodes na, die betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij rechtenschendingen tegengaan. Anno 2021 geldt naleving daarvan als ondergrens voor maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen.

Desondanks begaf CAF zich in augustus 2019 in het JLR-project. Daartoe werd een alliantie aangegaan met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir Engineering, en samengewerkt met de Israëlische financier Bank Hapoalim. Zowel Shapir als Hapoalim staan op de ‘zwarte’ VN-lijst van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij de kolonisering en de daarmee samenhangende rechtenschendingen. Intussen is ook CAF gekandideerd voor een plek op de lijst.

GEEN ACCEPTABELE PARTNER

In maart publiceerden wij een uitvoerig artikel over de rol van CAF, en over de gevolgen ervan voor het bedrijf. Dat is zwaar onder vuur komen te liggen – eerst van de eigen werknemers en de Baskische regio waar het is gevestigd, maar intussen wereldwijd. 

Van Mexico tot Noorwegen worden overheden en bedrijven opgeroepen CAF uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen en contracten.

Dat gebeurt nu ook in Nederland, waar CAF treinen, trams en metro’s bouwt voor bedrijven en overheden als de NS, het Amsterdamse openbaar vervoerbedrijf GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam. Die opdrachtgevers worden nu per e-mail opgeroepen om CAF geen rol in nieuwe aanbestedingen en opdrachten meer te gunnen.

De e-mail-actie, die ook in andere Europese landen wordt gehouden, is geïnitieerd door de Palestijnse BDS Movement, die in 2005 met steun van 171 Palestijnse maatschappelijke organisaties werd opgericht, en intussen geldt als belangrijkste representant van de geweldloze strijd voor Palestijnse rechten. Op de website van BDS Nederland (voorheen docP) is meer te lezen over de actie en de BDS-beweging.

EINDE BERICHT

[2]

”Development of the light rail line is bringing prosperity and growth to the city’s real estate and business sectors, an upsurge in cultural and entertainment centers, and accessibility to the downtown area for residents of large neighborhoods, such as Pigat Ze’ev.”

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

ABOUT

JERUSALEM AND THE LIGHT RAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233415/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/ContentPage.aspx?ID=16

ORIGINELE BRON

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233325/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/default.aspx

Pisgat Ze’ev (Hebrew: פסגת זאב‎, lit. Ze’ev’s Peak) is an Israeli settlement in East Jerusalem[1] and the largest residential neighborhood in Jerusalem with a population of over 50,000.[2] Pisgat Ze’ev was established by Israel as one of the city’s five Ring Neighborhoods on land effectively annexed after the 1967 Six-Day War.”

WIKIPEDIA

PISGAT ZE’EV

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisgat_Ze%27ev” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATIONJUL 2017
https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdfURBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/

The transport authority JTMT (Jerusalem Transportation Masterplan Team) has chosen the TransJerusalem J-Net Ltd consortium, consisting in the CAF Group and the construction firm Saphir, for the Jerusalem light rail project. The project value is 1.8 billion EUR.

The so-called Green line is a PPP (Private-Public Partnership) scheme and includes the construction of 20.6 kilometres of new track, 53 stations and a depot. Jerusalem opened its’ first light rail line, the red line in 2011. The new Green line uses the current Red Line on a stretch of 6.8 km. The contract also includes the design and supply of 114 low-floor Urbos trams (which will be operated as double-tractions) for the new Green Line and the refurbishment of the 46 units which are currently in service on the existing Red Line.

114 Urbos trams and 25 years of operation

The project scope of the consortium will also include the supply of the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation. The CAF Group’s scope of this project exceeds 500 million EUR. The Group will also have a 50% stake in the company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines. The project is expected to be implemented this year with the new network fully operative by 2025.

The future network

The tram’s Red Line currently extends along 13.8 km with 23 stations distributed on the route, was inaugurated in 2011 and providing transport to over 145,000 passengers on average per day. The Green lines is expected to have a ridership of 200,000 passengers per day. It will link the two campuses of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and continue south via Pat junction to Gilo while using a common section with the Red line in the city centre until the terminus of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem railway station which was inaugurated in 2018.

Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem.

EINDE ARTIKEL

INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

TEXT

JERUSALEM Transportation Masterplan Team (JTMT) has awarded the TransJerusalem J-Net consortium, comprised of CAF and the construction firm Shapir, a €1.8bn contract to undertake an extension to the Jerusalem light rail network.

The Private-Public Partnership (PPP) includes the construction of 27km of new track, 53 new stations and various depots covering a 6.8km extension to the Red Line, and the new 20.6km Green Line. The Red Line is currently 13.8km long with 23 stations, and carries around 145,000 passengers daily.

The consortium will also design and supply 114 new Urbos LRVs for the Green Line, and the refurbishment of the 46 vehicles currently in service on the Red Line.

The contract includes the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation.

CAF’s share of the contract is worth more than €500m, and includes the vehicle’s supply and refurbishment, signalling, energy and communication systems and project integration. CAF will also have a 50% stake in the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines, which is expected to have a €1bn turnover.

Construction is expected begin later this year with the new extensions fully operational by 2025.

Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland) also submitted bids for the contract.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[3]URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/


INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

[4]

CIVIS MUNDI

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

[5]

ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE NEDERZETTINGEN

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm#:~:text=It%20is%20unlawful%20under%20the,population%20transfer%20into%20occupied%20territory

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

ILLEGALITEIT NEDERZETTINGEN VOLGENS ARTIKEL 49, 4E CONVENTIE VAN GENEVE

”Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

ARTICLE 49, FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=77068F12B8857C4DC12563CD0051BDB0

”Digital companies are revolutionizing how the world does tourism. Corporations like Airbnb, Booking.com, Expedia and TripAdvisor, which dominate the multi-billion-dollar global online tourism industry, have become hugely successful. These companies all also list numerous hotels, B&Bs, attractions or tours in Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). They are doing so despite knowing that Israel’s settlements are illegal under international law, and a war crime.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

BY LISTING PROPERTIES AND ATTRACTIONS IN ISRAELI

SETTLEMENTS, DIGITAL TOURISM COMPANIES ARE PROFITING

FROM WARCRIMES

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/destination-occupation-digital-tourism-israel-illegal-settlements/

[6]

”Violence by settlers (and sometimes by other Israeli civilians) toward Palestinians has long since become part of daily life under occupation in the West Bank. These actions range from blocking roads, throwing stones at cars and houses, raiding villages and farmland, torching fields and olive groves, and damaging crops and property to physical assault, sometimes to the point of hurling Molotov cocktails or using live fire. Over the years, this widespread violence toward Palestinians has resulted in injuries to life and limb, as well as damage to property and land.”

BTSELEM.ORGSTATE BACKED SETTLER VIOLENCE
https://www.btselem.org/topic/settler_violence

Violence by settlers (and sometimes by other Israeli civilians) toward Palestinians has long since become part of daily life under occupation in the West Bank. These actions range from blocking roads, throwing stones at cars and houses, raiding villages and farmland, torching fields and olive groves, and damaging crops and property to physical assault, sometimes to the point of hurling Molotov cocktails or using live fire. Over the years, this widespread violence toward Palestinians has resulted in injuries to life and limb, as well as damage to property and land.

Under international law, Israel has a duty to protect Palestinians in the West Bank from this conduct. However, Israeli authorities routinely shirk this responsibility, even when the violent actions can be anticipated. Thousands of testimonies, videos and reports, as well as many years of close monitoring by B’Tselem and other organizations, reveal that Israeli security forces not only allow settlers to harm Palestinians and their property as a matter of course – they often provide the perpetrators escort and back-up. In some cases, they even join in on the attack. In other instances, security forces have prevented anticipated harm by removing the targeted Palestinians, rather than the Israeli assailants.

The law enforcement agencies, for their part, rarely make settlers face consequences for attacking Palestinians. In almost all cases, the investigations – if one was opened, in the first place – have not resulted in any action taken against the perpetrators. This undeclared policy of lenience toward settler violence aimed at Palestinians has been documented in numerous reports by human rights organizations, as well as in official state reports (such as the Karp Report of 1982 and the Shamgar Report of 1994).

In a ten-year review published in May 2015, human rights organization Yesh Din found that some 85% of investigations into such cases (including violence, arson, damage to property, mutilation of trees and takeover of land) ended with no further action taken, and that the odds of a police complaint filed by a Palestinian resulting in the conviction of an Israeli civilian were a mere 1.9%. Given the futility of this effort, many Palestinians choose to forgo filing a complaint altogether.

Since it was founded in 1989, B’Tselem has been documenting incidents of settler violence against Palestinians and advocating for security forces to fulfill their obligation to protect Palestinians and their property from such injury. For many years, B’Tselem has stressed the duty of Israeli authorities to make the necessary preparations, including allocating forces, to prevent attacks that can be predicted – especially when they are carried out in the open – and arrest the assailants. We have repeatedly called attention to the responsibility of the law enforcement agencies to quickly and efficiently investigate attacks after they take place. B’Tselem has provided the police and the military with documentation of such attacks, including video footage filmed by volunteers. We have also helped Palestinian victims file complaints with the police and have monitored the investigations – including appealing closed cases. After more than 25 years of this work, there is no escaping the conclusion that the authorities merely make a show of law enforcement in this context and that, with few exceptions, they have no interest in seriously investigating settler violence against Palestinians.

A stark example recurs every year during the olive harvest. After repeated settler attacks, the military forbade Palestinian farmers from entering their own land if it lies near a settlement – instead of protecting the farmers by enforcing the law on the settlers. In 2004, the heads of five Palestinian local councils petitioned Israel’s High Court of Justice (HCJ), demanding that the military allow them to access their lands and protect them from settler attacks during the olive harvest. The court accepted the petition about two years later, ruling that the military should not, in general, deny Palestinians access to their land in the name of protecting them. The justices also ruled that the security establishment must “give clear, unequivocal instructions to the forces operating in the field” and also “deploy forces to protect the property of the Palestinian inhabitants” (HCJ 9593/04 Murar et al. v. IDF Commander for Judea and Samaria et al.). As a result, the state created a “coordination system” for supposedly enabling Palestinians throughout the West Bank to access their land for several days, twice a year – during the harvest and plowing seasons. This requires prior coordination with the military, which assigns them a security detail.

In practice, the system does little to resolve this violent reality and is largely another empty show of law enforcement. First, it furthers the assumption that the solution lies with restricting the Palestinian victims, rather than the violent settlers. Second, it is relevant to two specific periods every year, leaving settlers free to roam and vandalize land and trees the rest of the time, while the Palestinian owners are barred access. Third, the military requires Palestinians to undergo such a complicated coordination process and meet so many requirements that, in many cases, attaining access is impossible.

Settler violence has a pervasive impact on life in the West Bank, creating a lingering sense of intimidation. Countless attacks have left their traumatic mark on individual Palestinians and on the collective memory. As a result, many Palestinians now avoid approaching “danger zones” near settlements. Landowners do not dare enter these areas without military escort or Israeli civilians accompanying them. As a result, in some plots, the yield has become so poor that the owners have given up trying to reach the land and tend it. This dynamic has created invisible walls throughout the West Bank, beyond which Palestinians know they face violence to the point of risking their lives.

The rogue settlements euphemistically known as “illegal outposts” – since they were formally established in breach of Israeli law, although they enjoy broad government support and funding – contribute to this reality. These 100 or so outposts, established throughout the West Bank since the 1990s, have effectively taken over large swathes of land, expanding the scope of settlement control. This dispossession has been accompanied by violence towards Palestinian landowners that includes physical assaults, threats, attacks on shepherds and theft of land. Apart from very rare exceptions in which outposts were removed further to legal proceedings, virtually all outposts remain standing and are gradually gaining formal recognition as a substantial part of the settlement enterprise.

Violent actions of settlers against Palestinians are not exceptions to a rule. Rather, they form part of a broader strategy in which the state colludes, as it stands to benefit from the result. Over time, this unchecked violence is gradually driving Palestinians from more and more locations in the West Bank, making it easier for the state to take over land and resources.

[7]

[7]

URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/
” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATIONJUL 2017
https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdf

[8]

THE RIGHTS FORUMSLUIT SPAANSE TREINBOUWER UIT VAN AANBESTEDINGEN INNEDERLAND14 APRIL 2021
https://rightsforum.org/campagnes/sluit-spaanse-treinenbouwer-caf-uit-van-aanbestedingen-in-nederland/

Twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties dringen aan op uitsluiting van CAF van aanbestedingen in Nederland. De Spaanse leverancier van treinen en trams is in Israël/Palestina betrokken bij oorlogsmisdaden. Met een e-mail kunnen Nederlanders hun oproep steunen.

Eind maart stuurden de Algemene Federatie van Onafhankelijke Vakbonden Palestina en de Palestijnse Nieuwe Federatie van Vakbonden een oproep aan de NS, het Amsterdamse GVB en de provincie Utrecht om hun huidige leverancier van ‘rollend materieel’, het Spaanse CAF, uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten. Nederlandse burgers kunnen hun oproep per e-mail steunen. Inmiddels hebben meer dan twaalfhonderd Nederlanders dat gedaan. Aanleiding voor de actie is de ontsporing van het voorheen respectabele bedrijf.

De ontsporing van CAF

CAF – voluit Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles – werkt in opdracht van Israël aan de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies in Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Palestijnse Westelijke Jordaanoever. Het project beoogt de illegale Israëlische kolonisering van de Palestijnse gebieden dieper te verankeren.

De Israëlische kolonisering is in strijd met het internationaal recht, en geldt onder de Conventies van Genève en het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof als een oorlogsmisdaad. Daarnaast gaat de kolonisering gepaard met een regime van militaire bezetting en apartheid, en met structurele schendingen van de mensenrechten.

Daar moet je als bedrijf niet aan meewerken. Dat vonden ook Siemens, Bombardier, Alstom en andere bedrijven die zich terugtrokken als potentieel partner in de JLR. Met dat besluit leefden zij de UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights en andere internationale gedragscodes na, die betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij rechtenschendingen tegengaan. Anno 2021 geldt naleving daarvan als ondergrens voor maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen.

Desondanks begaf CAF zich in augustus 2019 in het JLR-project. Daartoe werd een alliantie aangegaan met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir Engineering, en samengewerkt met de Israëlische financier Bank Hapoalim. Zowel Shapir als Hapoalim staan op de ‘zwarte’ VN-lijst van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij de kolonisering en de daarmee samenhangende rechtenschendingen. Intussen is ook CAF gekandideerd voor een plek op de lijst.

GEEN ACCEPTABELE PARTNER

In maart publiceerden wij een uitvoerig artikel over de rol van CAF, en over de gevolgen ervan voor het bedrijf. Dat is zwaar onder vuur komen te liggen – eerst van de eigen werknemers en de Baskische regio waar het is gevestigd, maar intussen wereldwijd. Van Mexico tot Noorwegen worden overheden

en bedrijven opgeroepen CAF uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen en contracten.

Dat gebeurt nu ook in Nederland, waar CAF treinen, trams en metro’s bouwt voor bedrijven en overheden als de NS, het Amsterdamse openbaar vervoerbedrijf GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam. Die opdrachtgevers worden nu per e-mail opgeroepen om CAF geen rol in nieuwe aanbestedingen en opdrachten meer te gunnen.

De e-mail-actie, die ook in andere Europese landen wordt gehouden, is geïnitieerd door de Palestijnse BDS Movement, die in 2005 met steun van 171 Palestijnse maatschappelijke organisaties werd opgericht, en intussen geldt als belangrijkste representant van de geweldloze strijd voor Palestijnse rechten. Op de website van BDS Nederland (voorheen docP) is meer te lezen over de actie en de BDS-beweging.

EINDE BERICHT

BDS NEDERLAND:

STUUR EEN MAIL AAN NS, GVB EN OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT: WERK NIET MEE AAN ANNEXATIE

EN MIJDT CAF!

30 MAART 2021

Het BNC biedt openbaar vervoersinstellingen in diverse Europese landen -waaronder Nederland- vandaag een brief aan van twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties waarin ze worden opgeroepen om de banden met CAF te verbreken zolang het betrokken blijft bij Israëls’ illegale apartheids- en annexatieproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, en er zolang geen contracten mee af te sluiten.

Deze brief wordt ondersteund door een E-mail actie gericht aan de betrokken openbaar vervoersinstanties, hier in Nederland de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer. Maak deze instanties duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner kunnen blijven accepteren en er geen contracten meer mee af moeten sluiten zolang het betrokken blijft bij de Jerusalem Light Rail en daarmee de rechten van de Palestijnen helpt vertrappen, en stuur je mail!

Vandaag, 30 maart, wordt door Palestijnen herdacht als de Dag van het Land. Dit omdat het nu 45 jaar geleden is dat de Israëlische politie 6 Palestijnse burgers van de zionistische staat doodschoot die demonstreerden tegen overheidsplannen voor de massale onteigening van hun grond. Het sterven in de strijd voor het behoud van het eigen land vat de Palestijnse strijd tegen Israëlische onderdrukking, kolonisatie en apartheid immers op symbolische wijze in een notendop samen. Land die deze staat, Israel genaamd, in bezit wil nemen en zoveel mogelijk wil ontdoen ivan zijn Palestijnse bevolking ten gunste van de vestiging en ontwikkeling van de eigen, joodse, bevolking.

In dit laatste proces is het Baskisch-Spaanse openbaarvervoersbouwbedrijf CAF vandaag de dag tot over zijn oren betrokken. Sinds augustus 2019 werkt het immers, samen met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir die op de VN-database staat van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij Israëls grootscheepse illegale nederzettingenproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, aan de Jerusalem Light Rail: enkele spoorverbindingen die West-Jeruzalem verbinden met illegale Israëlische nederzettingen in- en rondom Oost-Jeruzalem.

Dit brengt, opnieuw, grootscheepse onteigening van Palestijnse grond met zich mee ten gunste van de uitbreiding en ontwikkeling van die koloniale nederzettingen, draagt bij aan de isolatie van Palestijnse woonbuurten, dorpen en steden in en rond Oost-Jeruzalem ten op zichte van die van elders op de Westelijke Jordaanoever en van elkaar en verankerd de wederrechtelijke annexatie van dit Palestijnse gebied nog verder.

Dit annexatieproces brengt toenemende marginalisering van de Palestijnse bevolking met zich mee, een verbod op de bouw van nieuwe woningen en een gestage etnische zuivering uit Oost-Jeruzalem en omgeving. Een proces dat tevens in stand gehouden wordt door de repressie en het geweld tegen die bevolking door Israelische veiligheidstroepen en Joodse kolonisten.

Om deze redenen heeft CAF ook met toenemend verzet en protest tegen haar deelname aan de Jerusalem Light Rail te maken. In Spanje en Baskenland zelf (ook van de kant van arbeiders die daar werkzaam zijn in de CAF-fabrieken!), in Frankrijk, in Groot-Brittannië, in Noorwegen, in Israel-Palestina zelf en nu ook in Nederland! Hier te lande levert CAF de sprintertreinstellen aan de NS, trams en metrostellen aan het Amsterdamse GVB en trams aan de gemeente Utrecht.

Het BNC biedt openbaar vervoersinstellingen in diverse Europese landen -waaronder de onze- vandaag een brief aan van twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties waarin ze worden opgeroepen om de banden met CAF te verbreken zolang het betrokken blijft bij Israëls’ illegale apartheids- en annexatieproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, en er zolang geen contracten mee mee af te sluiten.

Deze brief wordt ondersteund door een E-mail actie gericht aan de betrokken openbaar vervoersinstanties, hier in Nederland de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer. Maak deze instanties duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner kunnen blijven accepteren en er geen contracten meer mee af moeten sluiten zolang het betrokken blijft bij de Jerusalem Light Rail en daarmee de rechten van de Palestijnen helpt vertrappen, en stuur je mail!

Klik en stuur nu jouw e-mail naar Nederlandse Spoorwegen, GVB and Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht.

EINDE BERICHT

[9]
”Opmerkelijk is dat de belangrijkste concurrenten van CAF – gerenommeerde bedrijven als Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier, Systra en Macquarie – zich allemaal al eerder uit de JLR-aanbesteding terugtrokken, waarbij met name het tracé door Oost-Jeruzalem als taboe werd gekwalificeerd.”
THE RIGHTS FORUMNEDERLANDSE OV PARTNER BETROKKEN BIJ ISRAEL’S ILLEGALEKOLINISERING8 MAART 2021
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/nederlandse-ov-partner-betrokken-bij-israels-illegale-kolonisering/

De NS, het GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam blijken op grote schaal zaken te doen met de Spaanse treinenbouwer CAF, die wordt beschuldigd van betrokkenheid bij oorlogsmisdaden.

Nederlandse bedrijven en overheden hebben grote orders uitstaan bij de Spaanse treinenbouwer Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, kortweg CAF. Op LinkedIn meldt de Nederlandse poot van het bedrijf, CAF Netherlands, te werken aan 206 Sprinters voor NS, 54 trams voor de Provincie Utrecht, 72 trams voor de gemeente Amsterdam, en een nieuwe generatie M7-metro’s voor de GVB.

Oorlogsmisdaden

CAF is een topspeler in de internationale markt voor treinen, trams, metro’s, bussen, treinbeveiliging en onderhoud, met een gedegen track record in Nederland. In augustus 2019 kantelde de populariteit van het bedrijf, toen CAF een aanbesteding won van het Israëlische ministerie van Financiën voor de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies (‘nederzettingen’) in bezet Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en de Westelijke Jordaanoever.

De Israëlische kolonisering van bezet Palestijns gebied is illegaal en geldt onder het Statuut van Rome – het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof (ICC) – als oorlogsmisdaad. Juist afgelopen woensdag besloot het ICC, na een voortraject van ruim zes jaar, een officieel onderzoek in te stellen naar oorlogsmisdaden in de bezette Palestijnse gebieden, waarbij de Israëlische kolonisering een van de thema’s vormt.

Foute partners

Binnen het JLR-project werkt CAF samen met het Israëlische ingenieurs- en constructiebedrijf Shapir, dat is opgenomen in de VN-database van bedrijven waarvan is vastgesteld dat zij middels hun activiteiten in bezet gebied bijdragen aan schendingen van het internationaal recht en Palestijnse mensenrechten. Datzelfde geldt voor de Israëlische Bank Hapoalim, die in november 2020 als hoofdfinancier tot de samenwerking toetrad.

Opmerkelijk is dat de belangrijkste concurrenten van CAF – gerenommeerde bedrijven als Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier, Systra en Macquarie – zich allemaal al eerder uit de JLR-aanbesteding terugtrokken, waarbij met name het tracé door Oost-Jeruzalem als taboe werd gekwalificeerd. Van de acht potentiële bieders bleven er slechts twee over: CAF-Shapir en een internationaal consortium rond het Chinese CRRC en Israëlische Egged. Ook dat laatste bedrijf komt voor in de VN-database.’

Jeruzalem is taboe’

Het Franse Alstom trok zich terug uit vrees voor hoge boetes die het bedrijf onder Franse wetgeving tegemoetzag – dit nadat Alstoms Israëlische partners die weigerden te compenseren. Denkbaar is ook dat CAF’s concurrenten zich het lot herinneren van de Franse multinational Veolia, die zijn betrokkenheid bij de JLR moest bekopen met een wereldwijde pariastatus en een miljardenverlies. In 2015 trok Veolia zich terug uit het JLR-project, en sindsdien geldt ‘Remember Veolia’ als waarschuwing voor bedrijven die in zijn voetsporen willen treden.

Het Israëlische zakenblad Globes stelde vast dat feitelijk sprake is van een ‘stille boycot’ door internationale transportondernemingen, die een veel groter effect heeft op de Israëlische economie dan bijvoorbeeld de – vaak met veel rumoer omgeven – weigering van beroemdheden om in Israël op te treden. Globes constateert dat Israëls initiële bravoure over de verwachte participatie van liefst acht bieders – uitgelegd als brede steun van het bedrijfsleven voor Israëls kolonisering – in het tegendeel is omgeslagen.

CAF is het nieuwe Veolia

Anderhalf jaar na het winnen van de Israëlische aanbesteding is CAF hard op weg in de voetsporen van Veolia te treden. Het in Baskenland gevestigde spoorbedrijf kreeg te maken met zware oppositie van het eigen personeel, aandeelhouders en vakbonden, en van zeventig Baskische maatschappelijke organisaties die CAF opriepen zich uit het JLR-project terug te trekken. Veel Basken identificeren zich met de nationale aspiraties van de Palestijnen, en beschouwen de handelwijze van CAF ook vanuit dat oogpunt als onacceptabel.

Intussen is onder de slogan ‘CAF Get Off Israel’s Apartheid Train’ ook een internationale campagne op gang gekomen, waarbij zich vakbonden, mensenrechtenorganisaties en tal van andere groeperingen hebben aangesloten. Afgelopen maand diende een coalitie van 31 Palestijnse en internationale organisaties een eis in bij de VN om CAF op te nemen in de database van ‘foute’ bedrijven. In talloze landen wordt de deelname van CAF aan lokale en nationale aanbestedingen aangevochten. In december 2020 trok het bedrijf zich terug uit een aanbesteding in Mexico City nadat tachtig organisaties aandrongen op uitsluiting. In Noorwegen wordt een door acht vakbonden gesteunde campagne gevoerd tegen de deelname van CAF aan een aanbesteding voor nieuw treinmaterieel; een internationale petitie

daartoe is tot dusver bijna vijfduizend maal getekend.

Ook in Nederland zijn protesten tegen CAF op gang gekomen. Het bedrijf zal steeds harder worden aangesproken op zijn ontspoorde activiteiten, en zijn deelname aan nieuwe aanbestedingen zal worden aangevochten. Daarnaast worden CAF’s huidige partners, waaronder de NS, het GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam, opgeroepen zich van CAF te distantiëren.

Te weinig aandacht voor mensenrechten

Op grond van het Nederlandse mensenrechtenbeleid en het zogenoemde ‘Maatschappelijk Verantwoord Inkopen’ (MVI) zou het ondenkbaar moeten zijn dat bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij oorlogsmisdaden en andere schendingen van het internationaal recht orders in de wacht slepen die uit publieke middelen worden bekostigd. Maar Nederlandse (semi-)overheden nemen het niet nauw met mensenrechten en MVI, en hebben er in veel gevallen geen moeite mee ‘foute’ bedrijven tot aanbestedingen toe te laten en van opdrachten te voorzien.

Een voorbeeld is het in Nederland actieve Egged Bus Systems (EBS). EBS is een dochterbedrijf van het Israëlische Egged, dat onder meer busdiensten verzorgt tussen Israël en zijn kolonies in bezet gebied, en om die reden is opgenomen in de VN-database van ‘foute’ bedrijven. Desondanks werd EBS door onder meer de Metropoolregio Rotterdam Den Haag (MRDH) toegelaten tot aanbestedeningen, en werden het bedrijf vergunningen verleend voor busdiensten in de regio.

Afgelopen jaren heeft The Rights Forum de betreffende Nederlandse overheden en verantwoordelijke ministeries aangesproken op deze onwenselijke gang van zaken. In hun reacties – waarop vaak langdurig moet worden aangedrongen – schuiven zij hun verantwoordelijkheden steevast af. De bittere realiteit is dat Nederlandse bedrijven en overheden door hun samenwerking met ‘foute’ bedrijven bijdragen aan ernstige schendingen van het recht. CAF geldt daarvan als meest recente voorbeeld.

EINDE ARTIKEL

ISRAEL’S SETTLER RAILWAY COULD BE GOING NOWHERE FAST23 MAY 2019
https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/israels-settler-railway-could-be-going-nowhere-fast

Trade unions and human rights organizations in France are celebrating as a victory the withdrawal of train manufacturer Alstom from the Jerusalem light rail.

Meanwhile, it has also been confirmed that a Greek-led consortium failed to submit a bid.

France’s Alstom confirmed to media last week that it had dropped plans to bid on the extension of the Israeli railway that links settlements in the West Bank to each other and to Jerusalem.

Israel’s construction of settlements in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, is a war crime.

Alstom’s would-be Israeli partners had revealed earlier this month that the French firm had backed out, citing concerns over how the settler railway violates Palestinian human rights and international law.

The international human rights group FIDH, Palestine’s Al-Haq and French labor federations CFDT and CGT are among a coalition of organizations that welcomed Alstom’s decision as a “win for law.”

Those organizations have long campaigned to end the complicity of French firms in the railway, which they describe as “a tool of the Israeli settlement and annexation policy” in Jerusalem.

Systra, a subsidiary of French state rail firm SNCF and Paris transit authority RATP, had already pulled out of the Israeli project last year.

Earlier this month, The Electronic Intifada broke the news that Canada’s Bombardier had pulled out, along with Australia’s Macquarie and Germany’s Siemens.

With the withdrawal of the Alstom-led consortium, the number of bids on the light rail expansion dropped from an initial seven to just two – one involving China’s CRRC and one including Spanish firm CAF.

And a French subcontractor, Egis, still provides planning and consulting services to the Jerusalem light rail. It is owned by the public firm Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations.

“In the name of corporate ethics, for which no exception should be made, we urgently call upon both the government and the senior management of [Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations] to demand the immediate withdrawal of Egis from this project,” the human rights and labor groups state.

Greece drops bid

The Palestinian Authority’s office in Athens on Thursday welcomed the decision by a Greek-led consortium not to put in a bid to expand the light rail.

The PA embassy expressed its “deep satisfaction that the deadline for the bidding to construct the light railway project in occupied East Jerusalem expired on 13 May 2019, and neither private nor public Greek companies submitted bids.”

“This decision is a clear expression of rejection of colonization,” the PA office added.

Greece’s government, led by the nominally left-wing party Syriza, had previously given strong backing to the consortium that included publicly owned transit firm STASY and private construction firm GEK Terna.

The PA office thanked lawmakers, trade unions, municipalities and activists who had taken a stand against Greek involvement in the settler railway.

Some of the lawmakers who raised questions in parliament about the Greek bid were from Syriza.

Arab ambassadors had also raised objections over the project in a meeting with the Greek foreign minister, according to the PA.

Last month, Yanis Varoufakis, the former Greek finance minister turned pan-European political campaigner, joined the chorus of criticism.

Varoufakis said he was “deeply ashamed of my former Syriza colleagues” for supporting the project and pledged that his new political movement would “commit to fighting against this.”

Israeli spin

The Israeli embassy in Athens put out a press release denying that the Greek bid had been dropped for political reasons.

The embassy claimed that the Greek consortium had put the brakes on the bid for “purely technical reasons.”

But that spin is unlikely to dampen the sense of victory for activists in Greece and across Europe.

Attention will now turn to Spain, whose train maker CAF remains involved in one of the two consortiums still taking part in the tender.

The Israeli business publication Globes conceded that labor opposition “could disrupt CAF’s work if it wins the tender.”

In January, the company’s official workers council voted against the bid.

The French and Palestinian human rights and labor groups are calling on all European governments to “take a clear stance against companies’ involvement in the Israeli policies of annexation, colonization and occupation.”

Chinese role

The other consortium still in the running involves Chinese company CRRC.

“The Chinese entry into the infrastructure market in Israel is alarming the US,” according to Globes.

The Trump administration is mounting a global effort to contain China economically and to sanction companies like CRRC that do business in Iran.

This could place Israel under US pressure not to give the contract to the Chinese-led consortium.

In 2016, China voted to support a UN Security Council resolution reaffirming the illegality of Israel’s settlements and “Condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem.”

If activists keep up the pace and extend their campaign to include pressuring China to match its rhetoric with action, Israel’s settler railway could be going nowhere fast.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[10]

ZIE NOOT 5

[11]

BDS NEDERLAND:

STUUR EEN MAIL AAN NS, GVB EN OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT: WERK NIET MEE AAN ANNEXATIE

EN MIJDT CAF!

30 MAART 2021

Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aan annexatie en mijdt CAF! – BDS Nederland
Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aa…Maak de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner …
Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aa…Maak de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner …

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor OV Utrecht steunt illegale Israelische nederzettingen/Samenwerking met CAF

Opgeslagen onder Divers

NS steunt illegale Israelische nederzettingen/Samenwerking met CAF

NS STEUNT ILLEGALE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN/SAMENWERKING MET CAF

  • A metro stop
  • CAFCreating rail solutions tailored to suit the needs of each and every customer.Front view of a high-speed train

CAF TRANSPORTSYSTEM, EARNING BLOOD MONEY BY SUPPORTING THEILLEGAL ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS
https://www.caf.net/en/compania/index.phphttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-cafhttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

Image result for settlements/Images

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

AAN

NS
TavMevrouw I De Boer
Communicatiemanager Nederlandse Spoorwegen

Onderwerp:Oproep tot verbreking van alle banden met CAF vanwege betrokkenheidbij de Israelische bezettingspolitiek

Geachte Mevrouw De Boer

Vooraf:Als u erachter staat, dat mensen worden bezet, van hun land wordenverdreven, worden bestolen en/of geintimideerd, lees dan niet verder.

[Een soortgelijke brief is eveneens verzonden naar het Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht en het GVB, die net zoals u met CAF in zee zijn gegaan]

Volgens betrouwbare informatie, die mij bereikt heeft, is de NS, waarvan u communicatiemanager bent [vandaar dat de brief verder aan u als aanhef wordt gericht] een samenwerkingsverband aangegaan met CAF, de Spaanse leverancier vantreinen en trams [1] en ik roep u per onmiddellijk op om dit misdadigebedrijf uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten!
Reden [en dat verklaart dan ook direct waarom ik dit CAF bedrijf”misdadig” noem]:De CAF betrokkenheid bij de Israelische bezettings en landroof politiek!
Hoewel u daarvan op de hoogte had moeten zijn en daarom sowieso nietmet CAF in zee had moeten gaan, zal ik het nog eens uitleggen:
CAF, dat Spaans-Baskische trein en tramvervoerbedrijf, werkt in opdracht vanIsrael aan de uitbreiding van de ”Jerusalem Lightrail”, een sneltramverbinding,die West Jerusalem verbindt met de in bezet Palestijns gebied gelegenillegale nederzettingen in Oost-Jerusalem [Oost-Jerusalem is dus, zoalsu dient te weten, door Israel bezet gebied] [2]Deze samenwerking van CAF aan Lightrail dateert reeds van 2019! [3]

WAAROM MISDADIG?
Ik heb het hierboven al geschreven:Dat CAF bedrijf is misdadig, omdat het willens en wetens meewerkt[en eraan verdient!] aan de instandhouding van de misdadige Israelische bezetting [4] en de direct daaruit voortvloeiende even misdadigenederzettingenpolitiek!Niet alleen zijn die in bezet Palestijns gebied gebouwde nederzettingenillegaal volgens het Internationaal Recht [5], er is ook overduidelijksprake van directe landroof, omdat bezet Palestijns gebied is GESTOLENvan de bezette Palestijnse bevolking [die van hun rechtmatige gebied isverdreven] ten gunste van uit Israel afkomstige Joodse inwoners, aan wie opvoormalig Palestijns land [of huizen] bewoningen en land is toegewezen.En alsof dat nog niet erg genoeg is, is er regelmatig sprake van terreur en geweld van deze kolonisten [bewoners van de illegale nederzettingen] tegenover de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, al dan niet ondersteund doorIsraelische veiligheidstroepen!Lees er de Israelische mensenrechtenorganisatie B’stelem maar opna! [6]
UW OPDRACHT
Het zou u niet eens meer gezegd moeten worden!Niet alleen had u nooit met CAF, dat de Israelische bezettings en kolonisatiepolitiek faciliteert [7] en er direct aan verdient, in zee moeten gaan, omdatu alle informatie, die ik u hier heb aangedragen, ook wel had kunnen vinden,nu u dus van deze informatie voorzien bent, die anderen dan ik u ook hebben aangedragen [8], dient dit misdadige bedrijf, CAF, per directuit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten!Niet alleen vanwege CAF’s misdadige involvement met Jerusalem Light Rail[zie wat ik daarover reeds geschreven heb in bovenstaande], maar ookdoor de hardleersheid van dit bedrijf.Weet u, dat concurrenten van CAF, zoals Alston, Siemens, Bombardier, Systraen Maquarie zich WEL hebben teruggetrokken uit de Jerusalem Light Railaanbesteding? [9]Neen?Dan weet u het nu!
En dat voorbeeld dient u ook te volgen

EPILOOG
Ik heb het al duidelijk gemaakt en hoef er weinig meer aan toe te voegen:U bent in zee gegaan met CAF, een totaal fout bedrijf, dat door haar betrokkenheid bij Jerusalem Light Rail, medewerkt aan de facilitering eninstandhouding van een van de meest kwalijke aspecten van de Israelischebezettingspolitiek:De in bezet Palestijns gebied gestichte Joods-Israelische nederzettingen,in strijd met het Internationaal Recht [10] en tot stand gekomen door regelrechtediefstal en landroof. BAH!
Daarvan zou u uit uzelf moeten zeggen:Bij zo’n vieze Club wil ik niet horen en er zeker geen vervoermiddelenvan willen afnemen.
Dus nu een duidelijke waarschuwing en eis van mijn kant, waarschijnlijkvoorafgegaan door vele anderen [11]
MIJDT CAF IN DE TOEKOMST, GA NIET MEER MET DEZE MISDADIGERS IN ZEE!
Anders bent u betrokken bij Bloedgeld, Bezetting en Landroofen staat u erachter, dat  dat mensen worden bezet, van hun land wordenverdreven, worden bestolen en/of geintimideerd.
Dat maakt u dan tot mede crimineel
Mijdt dus in de toekomst CAF!Het is al erg genoeg, dat u met hen in zee gegaan bent.
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid Essed Amsterdam 
NOTEN

[1]

NS KOOPT NOG EENS 88 NIEUWE SPRINTERS

27 DECEMBER 2018

https://nieuws.ns.nl/ns-koopt-nog-eens-88-nieuwe-sprinters/

NS bestelt nog eens 88 nieuwe Sprinters van de Spaanse treinfabrikant CAF. Deze bestelling komt bovenop de 118 nieuwe Sprinters waarvan de eerste treinen sinds 9 december van dit jaar in de NS-dienstregeling rijden. Met de nieuwe bestelling wordt het aantal zitplaatsen uitgebreid met nog eens zo’n 15.000. Hiermee is een investering gemoeid van circa € 400 miljoen. Met deze bestelling komt de totale NS-investering in nieuwe en gemoderniseerde treinen op zo’n 3,5 miljard.

In 2020 rijden de 118 Sprinters uit de eerste bestelling allemaal in Nederland, de aanvullende bestelling komt vanaf dat moment ook op het spoor. Begin 2023 rijden alle 206 sprinters op het spoor.

Roger van Boxtel, president-directeur NS: “Onze reizigers zijn enthousiast over deze Sprinters, onze collega’s vinden het een prettige trein om op te rijden. En persoonlijk vind ik hem prachtig. Met deze aanvullende bestelling voegen we wederom zitplaatsen toe aan onze Sprintervloot. En dit is nodig om ook in de toekomst reizigers op deze trajecten comfortabel te vervoeren”. Sprinters maken een belangrijk onderdeel uit van het Nederlandse spoor: 48% van de reizigers reist (voor een deel van de reis) met een Sprinter.

De nieuwe Sprinters passen bij de wensen van onze reizigers voor een comfortabele reis: een transparante, open, aantrekkelijke en energiezuinige trein, voorzien van WIFI, een rolstoeltoegankelijk toilet, stopcontacten, USB-aansluitingen, leren bekleding, plek voor de fiets en een gelijkvloerse instap.

THE RIGHTS FORUM

SLUIT SPAANSE TREINENBOUWER CAF UIT VAN AANBESTEDINGEN

IN NEDERLAND

14 APRIL 2021

Twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties dringen aan op uitsluiting van CAF van aanbestedingen in Nederland. De Spaanse leverancier van treinen en trams is in Israël/Palestina betrokken bij oorlogsmisdaden. Met een e-mail kunnen Nederlanders hun oproep steunen.

Eind maart stuurden de Algemene Federatie van Onafhankelijke Vakbonden Palestina en de Palestijnse Nieuwe Federatie van Vakbonden een oproep aan de NS, het Amsterdamse GVB en de provincie Utrecht om hun huidige leverancier van ‘rollend materieel’, het Spaanse CAF, uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten. Nederlandse burgers kunnen hun oproep per e-mail steunen. Inmiddels hebben meer dan twaalfhonderd Nederlanders dat gedaan. Aanleiding voor de actie is de ontsporing van het voorheen respectabele bedrijf.

De ontsporing van CAF

CAF – voluit Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles – werkt in opdracht van Israël aan de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies in Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Palestijnse Westelijke Jordaanoever. Het project beoogt de illegale Israëlische kolonisering van de Palestijnse gebieden dieper te verankeren.

De Israëlische kolonisering is in strijd met het internationaal recht, en geldt onder de Conventies van Genève en het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof als een oorlogsmisdaad. Daarnaast gaat de kolonisering gepaard met een regime van militaire bezetting en apartheid, en met structurele schendingen van de mensenrechten.

Daar moet je als bedrijf niet aan meewerken. Dat vonden ook Siemens, Bombardier, Alstom en andere bedrijven die zich terugtrokken als potentieel partner in de JLR. Met dat besluit leefden zij de UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights en andere internationale gedragscodes na, die betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij rechtenschendingen tegengaan. Anno 2021 geldt naleving daarvan als ondergrens voor maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen.

Desondanks begaf CAF zich in augustus 2019 in het JLR-project. Daartoe werd een alliantie aangegaan met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir Engineering, en samengewerkt met de Israëlische financier Bank Hapoalim. Zowel Shapir als Hapoalim staan op de ‘zwarte’ VN-lijst van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij de kolonisering en de daarmee samenhangende rechtenschendingen. Intussen is ook CAF gekandideerd voor een plek op de lijst.

GEEN ACCEPTABELE PARTNER

In maart publiceerden wij een uitvoerig artikel over de rol van CAF, en over de gevolgen ervan voor het bedrijf. Dat is zwaar onder vuur komen te liggen – eerst van de eigen werknemers en de Baskische regio waar het is gevestigd, maar intussen wereldwijd. 

Van Mexico tot Noorwegen worden overheden en bedrijven opgeroepen CAF uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen en contracten.

Dat gebeurt nu ook in Nederland, waar CAF treinen, trams en metro’s bouwt voor bedrijven en overheden als de NS, het Amsterdamse openbaar vervoerbedrijf GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam. Die opdrachtgevers worden nu per e-mail opgeroepen om CAF geen rol in nieuwe aanbestedingen en opdrachten meer te gunnen.

De e-mail-actie, die ook in andere Europese landen wordt gehouden, is geïnitieerd door de Palestijnse BDS Movement, die in 2005 met steun van 171 Palestijnse maatschappelijke organisaties werd opgericht, en intussen geldt als belangrijkste representant van de geweldloze strijd voor Palestijnse rechten. Op de website van BDS Nederland (voorheen docP) is meer te lezen over de actie en de BDS-beweging.

EINDE BERICHT

[2]

”Development of the light rail line is bringing prosperity and growth to the city’s real estate and business sectors, an upsurge in cultural and entertainment centers, and accessibility to the downtown area for residents of large neighborhoods, such as Pigat Ze’ev.”

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

ABOUT

JERUSALEM AND THE LIGHT RAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233415/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/ContentPage.aspx?ID=16

ORIGINELE BRON

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233325/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/default.aspx

Pisgat Ze’ev (Hebrew: פסגת זאב‎, lit. Ze’ev’s Peak) is an Israeli settlement in East Jerusalem[1] and the largest residential neighborhood in Jerusalem with a population of over 50,000.[2] Pisgat Ze’ev was established by Israel as one of the city’s five Ring Neighborhoods on land effectively annexed after the 1967 Six-Day War.”

WIKIPEDIA

PISGAT ZE’EV

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisgat_Ze%27ev” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATIONJUL 2017
https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdfURBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/

The transport authority JTMT (Jerusalem Transportation Masterplan Team) has chosen the TransJerusalem J-Net Ltd consortium, consisting in the CAF Group and the construction firm Saphir, for the Jerusalem light rail project. The project value is 1.8 billion EUR.

The so-called Green line is a PPP (Private-Public Partnership) scheme and includes the construction of 20.6 kilometres of new track, 53 stations and a depot. Jerusalem opened its’ first light rail line, the red line in 2011. The new Green line uses the current Red Line on a stretch of 6.8 km. The contract also includes the design and supply of 114 low-floor Urbos trams (which will be operated as double-tractions) for the new Green Line and the refurbishment of the 46 units which are currently in service on the existing Red Line.

114 Urbos trams and 25 years of operation

The project scope of the consortium will also include the supply of the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation. The CAF Group’s scope of this project exceeds 500 million EUR. The Group will also have a 50% stake in the company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines. The project is expected to be implemented this year with the new network fully operative by 2025.

The future network

The tram’s Red Line currently extends along 13.8 km with 23 stations distributed on the route, was inaugurated in 2011 and providing transport to over 145,000 passengers on average per day. The Green lines is expected to have a ridership of 200,000 passengers per day. It will link the two campuses of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and continue south via Pat junction to Gilo while using a common section with the Red line in the city centre until the terminus of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem railway station which was inaugurated in 2018.

Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem.

EINDE ARTIKEL

INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

TEXT

JERUSALEM Transportation Masterplan Team (JTMT) has awarded the TransJerusalem J-Net consortium, comprised of CAF and the construction firm Shapir, a €1.8bn contract to undertake an extension to the Jerusalem light rail network.

The Private-Public Partnership (PPP) includes the construction of 27km of new track, 53 new stations and various depots covering a 6.8km extension to the Red Line, and the new 20.6km Green Line. The Red Line is currently 13.8km long with 23 stations, and carries around 145,000 passengers daily.

The consortium will also design and supply 114 new Urbos LRVs for the Green Line, and the refurbishment of the 46 vehicles currently in service on the Red Line.

The contract includes the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation.

CAF’s share of the contract is worth more than €500m, and includes the vehicle’s supply and refurbishment, signalling, energy and communication systems and project integration. CAF will also have a 50% stake in the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines, which is expected to have a €1bn turnover.

Construction is expected begin later this year with the new extensions fully operational by 2025.

Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland) also submitted bids for the contract.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[3]URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/


INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

[4]

CIVIS MUNDI

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

[5]

ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE NEDERZETTINGEN

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm#:~:text=It%20is%20unlawful%20under%20the,population%20transfer%20into%20occupied%20territory

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

ILLEGALITEIT NEDERZETTINGEN VOLGENS ARTIKEL 49, 4E CONVENTIE VAN GENEVE

”Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

ARTICLE 49, FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=77068F12B8857C4DC12563CD0051BDB0

”Digital companies are revolutionizing how the world does tourism. Corporations like Airbnb, Booking.com, Expedia and TripAdvisor, which dominate the multi-billion-dollar global online tourism industry, have become hugely successful. These companies all also list numerous hotels, B&Bs, attractions or tours in Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). They are doing so despite knowing that Israel’s settlements are illegal under international law, and a war crime.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

BY LISTING PROPERTIES AND ATTRACTIONS IN ISRAELI

SETTLEMENTS, DIGITAL TOURISM COMPANIES ARE PROFITING

FROM WARCRIMES

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/destination-occupation-digital-tourism-israel-illegal-settlements/

[6]

”Violence by settlers (and sometimes by other Israeli civilians) toward Palestinians has long since become part of daily life under occupation in the West Bank. These actions range from blocking roads, throwing stones at cars and houses, raiding villages and farmland, torching fields and olive groves, and damaging crops and property to physical assault, sometimes to the point of hurling Molotov cocktails or using live fire. Over the years, this widespread violence toward Palestinians has resulted in injuries to life and limb, as well as damage to property and land.”

BTSELEM.ORGSTATE BACKED SETTLER VIOLENCE
https://www.btselem.org/topic/settler_violence

Violence by settlers (and sometimes by other Israeli civilians) toward Palestinians has long since become part of daily life under occupation in the West Bank. These actions range from blocking roads, throwing stones at cars and houses, raiding villages and farmland, torching fields and olive groves, and damaging crops and property to physical assault, sometimes to the point of hurling Molotov cocktails or using live fire. Over the years, this widespread violence toward Palestinians has resulted in injuries to life and limb, as well as damage to property and land.

Under international law, Israel has a duty to protect Palestinians in the West Bank from this conduct. However, Israeli authorities routinely shirk this responsibility, even when the violent actions can be anticipated. Thousands of testimonies, videos and reports, as well as many years of close monitoring by B’Tselem and other organizations, reveal that Israeli security forces not only allow settlers to harm Palestinians and their property as a matter of course – they often provide the perpetrators escort and back-up. In some cases, they even join in on the attack. In other instances, security forces have prevented anticipated harm by removing the targeted Palestinians, rather than the Israeli assailants.

The law enforcement agencies, for their part, rarely make settlers face consequences for attacking Palestinians. In almost all cases, the investigations – if one was opened, in the first place – have not resulted in any action taken against the perpetrators. This undeclared policy of lenience toward settler violence aimed at Palestinians has been documented in numerous reports by human rights organizations, as well as in official state reports (such as the Karp Report of 1982 and the Shamgar Report of 1994).

In a ten-year review published in May 2015, human rights organization Yesh Din found that some 85% of investigations into such cases (including violence, arson, damage to property, mutilation of trees and takeover of land) ended with no further action taken, and that the odds of a police complaint filed by a Palestinian resulting in the conviction of an Israeli civilian were a mere 1.9%. Given the futility of this effort, many Palestinians choose to forgo filing a complaint altogether.

Since it was founded in 1989, B’Tselem has been documenting incidents of settler violence against Palestinians and advocating for security forces to fulfill their obligation to protect Palestinians and their property from such injury. For many years, B’Tselem has stressed the duty of Israeli authorities to make the necessary preparations, including allocating forces, to prevent attacks that can be predicted – especially when they are carried out in the open – and arrest the assailants. We have repeatedly called attention to the responsibility of the law enforcement agencies to quickly and efficiently investigate attacks after they take place. B’Tselem has provided the police and the military with documentation of such attacks, including video footage filmed by volunteers. We have also helped Palestinian victims file complaints with the police and have monitored the investigations – including appealing closed cases. After more than 25 years of this work, there is no escaping the conclusion that the authorities merely make a show of law enforcement in this context and that, with few exceptions, they have no interest in seriously investigating settler violence against Palestinians.

A stark example recurs every year during the olive harvest. After repeated settler attacks, the military forbade Palestinian farmers from entering their own land if it lies near a settlement – instead of protecting the farmers by enforcing the law on the settlers. In 2004, the heads of five Palestinian local councils petitioned Israel’s High Court of Justice (HCJ), demanding that the military allow them to access their lands and protect them from settler attacks during the olive harvest. The court accepted the petition about two years later, ruling that the military should not, in general, deny Palestinians access to their land in the name of protecting them. The justices also ruled that the security establishment must “give clear, unequivocal instructions to the forces operating in the field” and also “deploy forces to protect the property of the Palestinian inhabitants” (HCJ 9593/04 Murar et al. v. IDF Commander for Judea and Samaria et al.). As a result, the state created a “coordination system” for supposedly enabling Palestinians throughout the West Bank to access their land for several days, twice a year – during the harvest and plowing seasons. This requires prior coordination with the military, which assigns them a security detail.

In practice, the system does little to resolve this violent reality and is largely another empty show of law enforcement. First, it furthers the assumption that the solution lies with restricting the Palestinian victims, rather than the violent settlers. Second, it is relevant to two specific periods every year, leaving settlers free to roam and vandalize land and trees the rest of the time, while the Palestinian owners are barred access. Third, the military requires Palestinians to undergo such a complicated coordination process and meet so many requirements that, in many cases, attaining access is impossible.

Settler violence has a pervasive impact on life in the West Bank, creating a lingering sense of intimidation. Countless attacks have left their traumatic mark on individual Palestinians and on the collective memory. As a result, many Palestinians now avoid approaching “danger zones” near settlements. Landowners do not dare enter these areas without military escort or Israeli civilians accompanying them. As a result, in some plots, the yield has become so poor that the owners have given up trying to reach the land and tend it. This dynamic has created invisible walls throughout the West Bank, beyond which Palestinians know they face violence to the point of risking their lives.

The rogue settlements euphemistically known as “illegal outposts” – since they were formally established in breach of Israeli law, although they enjoy broad government support and funding – contribute to this reality. These 100 or so outposts, established throughout the West Bank since the 1990s, have effectively taken over large swathes of land, expanding the scope of settlement control. This dispossession has been accompanied by violence towards Palestinian landowners that includes physical assaults, threats, attacks on shepherds and theft of land. Apart from very rare exceptions in which outposts were removed further to legal proceedings, virtually all outposts remain standing and are gradually gaining formal recognition as a substantial part of the settlement enterprise.

Violent actions of settlers against Palestinians are not exceptions to a rule. Rather, they form part of a broader strategy in which the state colludes, as it stands to benefit from the result. Over time, this unchecked violence is gradually driving Palestinians from more and more locations in the West Bank, making it easier for the state to take over land and resources.

[7]

[7]

URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/
” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATIONJUL 2017
https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdf

[8]

THE RIGHTS FORUMSLUIT SPAANSE TREINBOUWER UIT VAN AANBESTEDINGEN INNEDERLAND14 APRIL 2021
https://rightsforum.org/campagnes/sluit-spaanse-treinenbouwer-caf-uit-van-aanbestedingen-in-nederland/

Twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties dringen aan op uitsluiting van CAF van aanbestedingen in Nederland. De Spaanse leverancier van treinen en trams is in Israël/Palestina betrokken bij oorlogsmisdaden. Met een e-mail kunnen Nederlanders hun oproep steunen.

Eind maart stuurden de Algemene Federatie van Onafhankelijke Vakbonden Palestina en de Palestijnse Nieuwe Federatie van Vakbonden een oproep aan de NS, het Amsterdamse GVB en de provincie Utrecht om hun huidige leverancier van ‘rollend materieel’, het Spaanse CAF, uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten. Nederlandse burgers kunnen hun oproep per e-mail steunen. Inmiddels hebben meer dan twaalfhonderd Nederlanders dat gedaan. Aanleiding voor de actie is de ontsporing van het voorheen respectabele bedrijf.

De ontsporing van CAF

CAF – voluit Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles – werkt in opdracht van Israël aan de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies in Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Palestijnse Westelijke Jordaanoever. Het project beoogt de illegale Israëlische kolonisering van de Palestijnse gebieden dieper te verankeren.

De Israëlische kolonisering is in strijd met het internationaal recht, en geldt onder de Conventies van Genève en het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof als een oorlogsmisdaad. Daarnaast gaat de kolonisering gepaard met een regime van militaire bezetting en apartheid, en met structurele schendingen van de mensenrechten.

Daar moet je als bedrijf niet aan meewerken. Dat vonden ook Siemens, Bombardier, Alstom en andere bedrijven die zich terugtrokken als potentieel partner in de JLR. Met dat besluit leefden zij de UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights en andere internationale gedragscodes na, die betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij rechtenschendingen tegengaan. Anno 2021 geldt naleving daarvan als ondergrens voor maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen.

Desondanks begaf CAF zich in augustus 2019 in het JLR-project. Daartoe werd een alliantie aangegaan met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir Engineering, en samengewerkt met de Israëlische financier Bank Hapoalim. Zowel Shapir als Hapoalim staan op de ‘zwarte’ VN-lijst van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij de kolonisering en de daarmee samenhangende rechtenschendingen. Intussen is ook CAF gekandideerd voor een plek op de lijst.

GEEN ACCEPTABELE PARTNER

In maart publiceerden wij een uitvoerig artikel over de rol van CAF, en over de gevolgen ervan voor het bedrijf. Dat is zwaar onder vuur komen te liggen – eerst van de eigen werknemers en de Baskische regio waar het is gevestigd, maar intussen wereldwijd. Van Mexico tot Noorwegen worden overheden

en bedrijven opgeroepen CAF uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen en contracten.

Dat gebeurt nu ook in Nederland, waar CAF treinen, trams en metro’s bouwt voor bedrijven en overheden als de NS, het Amsterdamse openbaar vervoerbedrijf GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam. Die opdrachtgevers worden nu per e-mail opgeroepen om CAF geen rol in nieuwe aanbestedingen en opdrachten meer te gunnen.

De e-mail-actie, die ook in andere Europese landen wordt gehouden, is geïnitieerd door de Palestijnse BDS Movement, die in 2005 met steun van 171 Palestijnse maatschappelijke organisaties werd opgericht, en intussen geldt als belangrijkste representant van de geweldloze strijd voor Palestijnse rechten. Op de website van BDS Nederland (voorheen docP) is meer te lezen over de actie en de BDS-beweging.

EINDE BERICHT

BDS NEDERLAND:

STUUR EEN MAIL AAN NS, GVB EN OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT: WERK NIET MEE AAN ANNEXATIE

EN MIJDT CAF!

30 MAART 2021

Het BNC biedt openbaar vervoersinstellingen in diverse Europese landen -waaronder Nederland- vandaag een brief aan van twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties waarin ze worden opgeroepen om de banden met CAF te verbreken zolang het betrokken blijft bij Israëls’ illegale apartheids- en annexatieproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, en er zolang geen contracten mee af te sluiten.

Deze brief wordt ondersteund door een E-mail actie gericht aan de betrokken openbaar vervoersinstanties, hier in Nederland de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer. Maak deze instanties duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner kunnen blijven accepteren en er geen contracten meer mee af moeten sluiten zolang het betrokken blijft bij de Jerusalem Light Rail en daarmee de rechten van de Palestijnen helpt vertrappen, en stuur je mail!

Vandaag, 30 maart, wordt door Palestijnen herdacht als de Dag van het Land. Dit omdat het nu 45 jaar geleden is dat de Israëlische politie 6 Palestijnse burgers van de zionistische staat doodschoot die demonstreerden tegen overheidsplannen voor de massale onteigening van hun grond. Het sterven in de strijd voor het behoud van het eigen land vat de Palestijnse strijd tegen Israëlische onderdrukking, kolonisatie en apartheid immers op symbolische wijze in een notendop samen. Land die deze staat, Israel genaamd, in bezit wil nemen en zoveel mogelijk wil ontdoen ivan zijn Palestijnse bevolking ten gunste van de vestiging en ontwikkeling van de eigen, joodse, bevolking.

In dit laatste proces is het Baskisch-Spaanse openbaarvervoersbouwbedrijf CAF vandaag de dag tot over zijn oren betrokken. Sinds augustus 2019 werkt het immers, samen met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir die op de VN-database staat van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij Israëls grootscheepse illegale nederzettingenproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, aan de Jerusalem Light Rail: enkele spoorverbindingen die West-Jeruzalem verbinden met illegale Israëlische nederzettingen in- en rondom Oost-Jeruzalem.

Dit brengt, opnieuw, grootscheepse onteigening van Palestijnse grond met zich mee ten gunste van de uitbreiding en ontwikkeling van die koloniale nederzettingen, draagt bij aan de isolatie van Palestijnse woonbuurten, dorpen en steden in en rond Oost-Jeruzalem ten op zichte van die van elders op de Westelijke Jordaanoever en van elkaar en verankerd de wederrechtelijke annexatie van dit Palestijnse gebied nog verder.

Dit annexatieproces brengt toenemende marginalisering van de Palestijnse bevolking met zich mee, een verbod op de bouw van nieuwe woningen en een gestage etnische zuivering uit Oost-Jeruzalem en omgeving. Een proces dat tevens in stand gehouden wordt door de repressie en het geweld tegen die bevolking door Israelische veiligheidstroepen en Joodse kolonisten.

Om deze redenen heeft CAF ook met toenemend verzet en protest tegen haar deelname aan de Jerusalem Light Rail te maken. In Spanje en Baskenland zelf (ook van de kant van arbeiders die daar werkzaam zijn in de CAF-fabrieken!), in Frankrijk, in Groot-Brittannië, in Noorwegen, in Israel-Palestina zelf en nu ook in Nederland! Hier te lande levert CAF de sprintertreinstellen aan de NS, trams en metrostellen aan het Amsterdamse GVB en trams aan de gemeente Utrecht.

Het BNC biedt openbaar vervoersinstellingen in diverse Europese landen -waaronder de onze- vandaag een brief aan van twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties waarin ze worden opgeroepen om de banden met CAF te verbreken zolang het betrokken blijft bij Israëls’ illegale apartheids- en annexatieproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, en er zolang geen contracten mee mee af te sluiten.

Deze brief wordt ondersteund door een E-mail actie gericht aan de betrokken openbaar vervoersinstanties, hier in Nederland de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer. Maak deze instanties duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner kunnen blijven accepteren en er geen contracten meer mee af moeten sluiten zolang het betrokken blijft bij de Jerusalem Light Rail en daarmee de rechten van de Palestijnen helpt vertrappen, en stuur je mail!

Klik en stuur nu jouw e-mail naar Nederlandse Spoorwegen, GVB and Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht.

EINDE BERICHT

[9]
”Opmerkelijk is dat de belangrijkste concurrenten van CAF – gerenommeerde bedrijven als Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier, Systra en Macquarie – zich allemaal al eerder uit de JLR-aanbesteding terugtrokken, waarbij met name het tracé door Oost-Jeruzalem als taboe werd gekwalificeerd.”
THE RIGHTS FORUMNEDERLANDSE OV PARTNER BETROKKEN BIJ ISRAEL’S ILLEGALEKOLINISERING8 MAART 2021
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/nederlandse-ov-partner-betrokken-bij-israels-illegale-kolonisering/

De NS, het GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam blijken op grote schaal zaken te doen met de Spaanse treinenbouwer CAF, die wordt beschuldigd van betrokkenheid bij oorlogsmisdaden.

Nederlandse bedrijven en overheden hebben grote orders uitstaan bij de Spaanse treinenbouwer Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, kortweg CAF. Op LinkedIn meldt de Nederlandse poot van het bedrijf, CAF Netherlands, te werken aan 206 Sprinters voor NS, 54 trams voor de Provincie Utrecht, 72 trams voor de gemeente Amsterdam, en een nieuwe generatie M7-metro’s voor de GVB.

Oorlogsmisdaden

CAF is een topspeler in de internationale markt voor treinen, trams, metro’s, bussen, treinbeveiliging en onderhoud, met een gedegen track record in Nederland. In augustus 2019 kantelde de populariteit van het bedrijf, toen CAF een aanbesteding won van het Israëlische ministerie van Financiën voor de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies (‘nederzettingen’) in bezet Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en de Westelijke Jordaanoever.

De Israëlische kolonisering van bezet Palestijns gebied is illegaal en geldt onder het Statuut van Rome – het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof (ICC) – als oorlogsmisdaad. Juist afgelopen woensdag besloot het ICC, na een voortraject van ruim zes jaar, een officieel onderzoek in te stellen naar oorlogsmisdaden in de bezette Palestijnse gebieden, waarbij de Israëlische kolonisering een van de thema’s vormt.

Foute partners

Binnen het JLR-project werkt CAF samen met het Israëlische ingenieurs- en constructiebedrijf Shapir, dat is opgenomen in de VN-database van bedrijven waarvan is vastgesteld dat zij middels hun activiteiten in bezet gebied bijdragen aan schendingen van het internationaal recht en Palestijnse mensenrechten. Datzelfde geldt voor de Israëlische Bank Hapoalim, die in november 2020 als hoofdfinancier tot de samenwerking toetrad.

Opmerkelijk is dat de belangrijkste concurrenten van CAF – gerenommeerde bedrijven als Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier, Systra en Macquarie – zich allemaal al eerder uit de JLR-aanbesteding terugtrokken, waarbij met name het tracé door Oost-Jeruzalem als taboe werd gekwalificeerd. Van de acht potentiële bieders bleven er slechts twee over: CAF-Shapir en een internationaal consortium rond het Chinese CRRC en Israëlische Egged. Ook dat laatste bedrijf komt voor in de VN-database.’

Jeruzalem is taboe’

Het Franse Alstom trok zich terug uit vrees voor hoge boetes die het bedrijf onder Franse wetgeving tegemoetzag – dit nadat Alstoms Israëlische partners die weigerden te compenseren. Denkbaar is ook dat CAF’s concurrenten zich het lot herinneren van de Franse multinational Veolia, die zijn betrokkenheid bij de JLR moest bekopen met een wereldwijde pariastatus en een miljardenverlies. In 2015 trok Veolia zich terug uit het JLR-project, en sindsdien geldt ‘Remember Veolia’ als waarschuwing voor bedrijven die in zijn voetsporen willen treden.

Het Israëlische zakenblad Globes stelde vast dat feitelijk sprake is van een ‘stille boycot’ door internationale transportondernemingen, die een veel groter effect heeft op de Israëlische economie dan bijvoorbeeld de – vaak met veel rumoer omgeven – weigering van beroemdheden om in Israël op te treden. Globes constateert dat Israëls initiële bravoure over de verwachte participatie van liefst acht bieders – uitgelegd als brede steun van het bedrijfsleven voor Israëls kolonisering – in het tegendeel is omgeslagen.

CAF is het nieuwe Veolia

Anderhalf jaar na het winnen van de Israëlische aanbesteding is CAF hard op weg in de voetsporen van Veolia te treden. Het in Baskenland gevestigde spoorbedrijf kreeg te maken met zware oppositie van het eigen personeel, aandeelhouders en vakbonden, en van zeventig Baskische maatschappelijke organisaties die CAF opriepen zich uit het JLR-project terug te trekken. Veel Basken identificeren zich met de nationale aspiraties van de Palestijnen, en beschouwen de handelwijze van CAF ook vanuit dat oogpunt als onacceptabel.

Intussen is onder de slogan ‘CAF Get Off Israel’s Apartheid Train’ ook een internationale campagne op gang gekomen, waarbij zich vakbonden, mensenrechtenorganisaties en tal van andere groeperingen hebben aangesloten. Afgelopen maand diende een coalitie van 31 Palestijnse en internationale organisaties een eis in bij de VN om CAF op te nemen in de database van ‘foute’ bedrijven. In talloze landen wordt de deelname van CAF aan lokale en nationale aanbestedingen aangevochten. In december 2020 trok het bedrijf zich terug uit een aanbesteding in Mexico City nadat tachtig organisaties aandrongen op uitsluiting. In Noorwegen wordt een door acht vakbonden gesteunde campagne gevoerd tegen de deelname van CAF aan een aanbesteding voor nieuw treinmaterieel; een internationale petitie

daartoe is tot dusver bijna vijfduizend maal getekend.

Ook in Nederland zijn protesten tegen CAF op gang gekomen. Het bedrijf zal steeds harder worden aangesproken op zijn ontspoorde activiteiten, en zijn deelname aan nieuwe aanbestedingen zal worden aangevochten. Daarnaast worden CAF’s huidige partners, waaronder de NS, het GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam, opgeroepen zich van CAF te distantiëren.

Te weinig aandacht voor mensenrechten

Op grond van het Nederlandse mensenrechtenbeleid en het zogenoemde ‘Maatschappelijk Verantwoord Inkopen’ (MVI) zou het ondenkbaar moeten zijn dat bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij oorlogsmisdaden en andere schendingen van het internationaal recht orders in de wacht slepen die uit publieke middelen worden bekostigd. Maar Nederlandse (semi-)overheden nemen het niet nauw met mensenrechten en MVI, en hebben er in veel gevallen geen moeite mee ‘foute’ bedrijven tot aanbestedingen toe te laten en van opdrachten te voorzien.

Een voorbeeld is het in Nederland actieve Egged Bus Systems (EBS). EBS is een dochterbedrijf van het Israëlische Egged, dat onder meer busdiensten verzorgt tussen Israël en zijn kolonies in bezet gebied, en om die reden is opgenomen in de VN-database van ‘foute’ bedrijven. Desondanks werd EBS door onder meer de Metropoolregio Rotterdam Den Haag (MRDH) toegelaten tot aanbestedeningen, en werden het bedrijf vergunningen verleend voor busdiensten in de regio.

Afgelopen jaren heeft The Rights Forum de betreffende Nederlandse overheden en verantwoordelijke ministeries aangesproken op deze onwenselijke gang van zaken. In hun reacties – waarop vaak langdurig moet worden aangedrongen – schuiven zij hun verantwoordelijkheden steevast af. De bittere realiteit is dat Nederlandse bedrijven en overheden door hun samenwerking met ‘foute’ bedrijven bijdragen aan ernstige schendingen van het recht. CAF geldt daarvan als meest recente voorbeeld.

EINDE ARTIKEL

ISRAEL’S SETTLER RAILWAY COULD BE GOING NOWHERE FAST23 MAY 2019
https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/israels-settler-railway-could-be-going-nowhere-fast

Trade unions and human rights organizations in France are celebrating as a victory the withdrawal of train manufacturer Alstom from the Jerusalem light rail.

Meanwhile, it has also been confirmed that a Greek-led consortium failed to submit a bid.

France’s Alstom confirmed to media last week that it had dropped plans to bid on the extension of the Israeli railway that links settlements in the West Bank to each other and to Jerusalem.

Israel’s construction of settlements in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, is a war crime.

Alstom’s would-be Israeli partners had revealed earlier this month that the French firm had backed out, citing concerns over how the settler railway violates Palestinian human rights and international law.

The international human rights group FIDH, Palestine’s Al-Haq and French labor federations CFDT and CGT are among a coalition of organizations that welcomed Alstom’s decision as a “win for law.”

Those organizations have long campaigned to end the complicity of French firms in the railway, which they describe as “a tool of the Israeli settlement and annexation policy” in Jerusalem.

Systra, a subsidiary of French state rail firm SNCF and Paris transit authority RATP, had already pulled out of the Israeli project last year.

Earlier this month, The Electronic Intifada broke the news that Canada’s Bombardier had pulled out, along with Australia’s Macquarie and Germany’s Siemens.

With the withdrawal of the Alstom-led consortium, the number of bids on the light rail expansion dropped from an initial seven to just two – one involving China’s CRRC and one including Spanish firm CAF.

And a French subcontractor, Egis, still provides planning and consulting services to the Jerusalem light rail. It is owned by the public firm Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations.

“In the name of corporate ethics, for which no exception should be made, we urgently call upon both the government and the senior management of [Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations] to demand the immediate withdrawal of Egis from this project,” the human rights and labor groups state.

Greece drops bid

The Palestinian Authority’s office in Athens on Thursday welcomed the decision by a Greek-led consortium not to put in a bid to expand the light rail.

The PA embassy expressed its “deep satisfaction that the deadline for the bidding to construct the light railway project in occupied East Jerusalem expired on 13 May 2019, and neither private nor public Greek companies submitted bids.”

“This decision is a clear expression of rejection of colonization,” the PA office added.

Greece’s government, led by the nominally left-wing party Syriza, had previously given strong backing to the consortium that included publicly owned transit firm STASY and private construction firm GEK Terna.

The PA office thanked lawmakers, trade unions, municipalities and activists who had taken a stand against Greek involvement in the settler railway.

Some of the lawmakers who raised questions in parliament about the Greek bid were from Syriza.

Arab ambassadors had also raised objections over the project in a meeting with the Greek foreign minister, according to the PA.

Last month, Yanis Varoufakis, the former Greek finance minister turned pan-European political campaigner, joined the chorus of criticism.

Varoufakis said he was “deeply ashamed of my former Syriza colleagues” for supporting the project and pledged that his new political movement would “commit to fighting against this.”

Israeli spin

The Israeli embassy in Athens put out a press release denying that the Greek bid had been dropped for political reasons.

The embassy claimed that the Greek consortium had put the brakes on the bid for “purely technical reasons.”

But that spin is unlikely to dampen the sense of victory for activists in Greece and across Europe.

Attention will now turn to Spain, whose train maker CAF remains involved in one of the two consortiums still taking part in the tender.

The Israeli business publication Globes conceded that labor opposition “could disrupt CAF’s work if it wins the tender.”

In January, the company’s official workers council voted against the bid.

The French and Palestinian human rights and labor groups are calling on all European governments to “take a clear stance against companies’ involvement in the Israeli policies of annexation, colonization and occupation.”

Chinese role

The other consortium still in the running involves Chinese company CRRC.

“The Chinese entry into the infrastructure market in Israel is alarming the US,” according to Globes.

The Trump administration is mounting a global effort to contain China economically and to sanction companies like CRRC that do business in Iran.

This could place Israel under US pressure not to give the contract to the Chinese-led consortium.

In 2016, China voted to support a UN Security Council resolution reaffirming the illegality of Israel’s settlements and “Condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem.”

If activists keep up the pace and extend their campaign to include pressuring China to match its rhetoric with action, Israel’s settler railway could be going nowhere fast.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[10]

ZIE NOOT 5

[11]

BDS NEDERLAND:

STUUR EEN MAIL AAN NS, GVB EN OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT: WERK NIET MEE AAN ANNEXATIE

EN MIJDT CAF!

30 MAART 2021

Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aan annexatie en mijdt CAF! – BDS Nederland
Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aa…Maak de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner …
Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aa…Maak de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner …

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor NS steunt illegale Israelische nederzettingen/Samenwerking met CAF

Opgeslagen onder Divers

GVB steunt illegale Israelische nederzettingen/Samenwerking met CAF

GVB STEUNT ILLEGALE ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN/SAMENWERKING MET CAF

  • A metro stop
  • CAFCreating rail solutions tailored to suit the needs of each and every customer.Front view of a high-speed train

CAF TRANSPORTSYSTEM, EARNING BLOOD MONEY BY SUPPORTING THEILLEGAL ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS
https://www.caf.net/en/compania/index.phphttps://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

https://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf
Image result for settlements/Images

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

AANGVBDIRECTIE EN MANAGEMENT
TavMevrouw C. Zuiderwijk/Algemeen DirecteurDe heer M. Lohmeijer/Directeur Techniek en OperatieDe heer K. Beeckmans/Financieel Directeur
Onderwerp:Oproep tot verbreking van alle banden met CAF vanwege betrokkenheidbij de Israelische bezettingspolitiek

Geachte DirectieGeacht Management

Vooraf:Als u erachter staat, dat mensen worden bezet, van hun land wordenverdreven, worden bestolen en/of geintimideerd, lees dan niet verder.

[Een soortgelijke brief is eveneens verzonden naar het Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht en NS, die net zoals u met CAF in zee zijn gegaan]

Volgens betrouwbare informatie, die mij bereikt heeft, bent u een samenwerkingsverband aangegaan met CAF, de Spaanse leverancier vantreinen en trams [1] en ik roep u per onmiddellijk op om dit misdadigebedrijf uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten!
Reden [en dat verklaart dan ook direct waarom ik dit CAF bedrijf”misdadig” noem]:De CAF betrokkenheid bij de Israelische bezettings en landroof politiek!
Hoewel u daarvan op de hoogte had moeten zijn en daarom sowieso nietmet CAF in zee had moeten gaan, zal ik het nog eens uitleggen:
CAF, dat Spaans-Baskische trein en tramvervoerbedrijf, werkt in opdracht vanIsrael aan de uitbreiding van de ”Jerusalem Lightrail”, een sneltramverbinding,die West Jerusalem verbindt met de in bezet Palestijns gebied gelegenillegale nederzettingen in Oost-Jerusalem [Oost-Jerusalem is dus, zoalsu dient te weten, door Israel bezet gebied] [2]Deze samenwerking van CAF aan Lightrail dateert reeds van 2019! [3]

WAAROM MISDADIG?
Ik heb het hierboven al geschreven:Dat CAF bedrijf is misdadig, omdat het willens en wetens meewerkt[en eraan verdient!] aan de instandhouding van de misdadige Israelische bezetting [4] en de direct daaruit voortvloeiende even misdadigenederzettingenpolitiek!Niet alleen zijn die in bezet Palestijns gebied gebouwde nederzettingenillegaal volgens het Internationaal Recht [5], er is ook overduidelijksprake van directe landroof, omdat bezet Palestijns gebied is GESTOLENvan de bezette Palestijnse bevolking [die van hun rechtmatige gebied isverdreven] ten gunste van uit Israel afkomstige Joodse inwoners, aan wie opvoormalig Palestijns land [of huizen] bewoningen en land is toegewezen.En alsof dat nog niet erg genoeg is, is er regelmatig sprake van terreur en geweld van deze kolonisten [bewoners van de illegale nederzettingen] tegenover de bezette Palestijnse bevolking, al dan niet ondersteund doorIsraelische veiligheidstroepen!Lees er de Israelische mensenrechtenorganisatie B’stelem maar opna! [6]
UW OPDRACHT
Het zou u niet eens meer gezegd moeten worden!Niet alleen had u nooit met CAF, dat de Israelische bezettings en kolonisatiepolitiek faciliteert [7] en er direct aan verdient, in zee moeten gaan, omdatu alle informatie, die ik u hier heb aangedragen, ook wel had kunnen vinden,nu u dus van deze informatie voorzien bent, die anderen dan ik u ook hebben aangedragen [8], dient dit misdadige bedrijf, CAF, per directuit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten!Niet alleen vanwege CAF’s misdadige involvement met Jerusalem Light Rail[zie wat ik daarover reeds geschreven heb in bovenstaande], maar ookdoor de hardleersheid van dit bedrijf.Weet u, dat concurrenten van CAF, zoals Alston, Siemens, Bombardier, Systraen Maquarie zich WEL hebben teruggetrokken uit de Jerusalem Light Railaanbesteding? [9]Neen?Dan weet u het nu!
En dat voorbeeld dient u ook te volgen

EPILOOG
Ik heb het al duidelijk gemaakt en hoef er weinig meer aan toe te voegen:U bent in zee gegaan met CAF, een totaal fout bedrijf, dat door haar betrokkenheid bij Jerusalem Light Rail, medewerkt aan de facilitering eninstandhouding van een van de meest kwalijke aspecten van de Israelischebezettingspolitiek:De in bezet Palestijns gebied gestichte Joods-Israelische nederzettingen,in strijd met het Internationaal Recht [10] en tot stand gekomen door regelrechtediefstal en landroof. BAH!
Daarvan zou u uit uzelf moeten zeggen:Bij zo’n vieze Club wil ik niet horen en er zeker geen vervoermiddelenvan willen afnemen.
Dus nu een duidelijke waarschuwing en eis van mijn kant, waarschijnlijkvoorafgegaan door vele anderen [11]
MIJDT CAF IN DE TOEKOMST, GA NIET MEER MET DEZE MISDADIGERS IN ZEE!
Anders bent u betrokken bij Bloedgeld, Bezetting en Landroofen staat u erachter, dat  dat mensen worden bezet, van hun land wordenverdreven, worden bestolen en/of geintimideerd.
Dat maakt u dan tot mede crimineel
Mijdt dus in de toekomst CAF!Het is al erg genoeg, dat u met hen in zee gegaan bent.
Vriendelijke groeten
Astrid EssedAmsterdam 
NOTEN

[1]

GVB

CAF TRAMS RIJDEN DINSDAG OOK OP LIJN 5

TUSSEN AMSTERDAM EN AMSTELVEEN STADSHART

22 MAART 2021

https://www.spoorpro.nl/lightrail/2021/03/22/caf-trams-rijden-dinsdag-ook-op-lijn-5-tussen-amsterdam-en-amstelveen-stadshart/

De nieuwe CAF-trams van stadsvervoerder GVB zullen niet meer enkel op de Amstelveenlijn rijden. Vanaf dinsdag wordt de 15G-tram ook opgenomen in de dienstregeling van lijn 5 tussen Amsterdam en Amstelveen Stadshart. Dat gebeurt in de kenmerkende blauw-witte kleurstelling en daarmee is sprake van een primeur. Op de Amstelveenlijn rijden de trams namelijk in de R-netkleuren.

De nieuwe CAF-trams van stadsvervoerder GVB zullen niet meer enkel op de Amstelveenlijn rijden. Vanaf dinsdag wordt de 15G-tram ook opgenomen in de dienstregeling van lijn 5 tussen Amsterdam en Amstelveen Stadshart. Dat gebeurt in de kenmerkende blauw-witte kleurstelling en daarmee is sprake van een primeur. Op de Amstelveenlijn rijden de trams namelijk in de R-netkleuren.

Het GVB heeft in totaal 72 nieuwe 15G-trams besteld bij de Spaanse fabrikant CAF, ter vervanging van de oudere 11G- en 12G-trams. Deze worden na meer dan twintig jaar stapsgewijs buitendienst gesteld. Inmiddels zijn er al 43 nieuwe trams geleverd, waarvan achttien in blauw-witte kleuren. Dat is ruimschoots voldoende om op lijn 5 in één keer met volledig nieuwe voertuigen te gaan rijden, maar er is bewust voor gekozen dat niet te doen.

Kinderziektes

“We beginnen met één voertuig om zo alle bestuurders op lijn 5 goed en gedegen de mogelijkheid te geven gewend te raken aan de nieuwe voertuigen”, aldus Iris Bruinsma, unitmanager vervoer bij het GVB. De bestuurders konden afgelopen periode kennismaken met de nieuwe trams, zowel in een simulator als de voertuigen zelf. “Maar het is anders om er de hele dag in dienstregeling mee te rijden en om te gaan met mogelijke kinderziektes.”

Omdat de 15G-trams al ruim drie maanden rijden op de Amstelveenlijn, is er al veel geleerd over het nieuwe voertuig. Desondanks wordt rekening gehouden met mogelijke nieuwe kinderziektes op lijn 5, zoals niet synchroon lopende reisinformatie op de schermen in de tram. “Het is een nieuw tram met nieuwe software op een lijn waarop het voertuig voor het eerst volledig gaat rijden. Alles is eigenlijk nieuw, behalve de lijn zelf natuurlijk.”

Waarborgen robuuste dienstregeling

Als de introductie van de eerste nieuwe CAF-tram op lijn 5 naar behoren verloopt, wordt een week later een tweede ingezet. Dit gaat net zo lang door tot alle elf oude trams zijn vervangen. Deze stapsgewijze aanpak zorgt er volgens de vervoerder voor dat het beste een goede en solide dienstregeling kan worden gewaarborgd met de nieuwe voertuigen. Het GVB kan nog niet zeggen welke lijn als volgende aan de beurt is.

Op de Amstelveenlijn deden zich in de beginfase verschillende kinderziektes voor en was er tijd nodig om gewend te raken aan de nieuwe trams, met vertraging en soms ook rituitval tot gevolg. Hoewel er inmiddels sprake is van een positieve trend, kan in combinatie met de nog kwetsbare infrastructuur op deze lijn nog geen robuuste dienstregeling worden gereden. De Vervoerregio Amsterdam verleende het GVB daarom een half jaar ontheffing voor de concessie-eisen op het gebied van rituitval en punctualiteit.

EINDE BERICHT

THE RIGHTS FORUM

SLUIT SPAANSE TREINENBOUWER CAF UIT VAN AANBESTEDINGEN

IN NEDERLAND

14 APRIL 2021

Twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties dringen aan op uitsluiting van CAF van aanbestedingen in Nederland. De Spaanse leverancier van treinen en trams is in Israël/Palestina betrokken bij oorlogsmisdaden. Met een e-mail kunnen Nederlanders hun oproep steunen.

Eind maart stuurden de Algemene Federatie van Onafhankelijke Vakbonden Palestina en de Palestijnse Nieuwe Federatie van Vakbonden een oproep aan de NS, het Amsterdamse GVB en de provincie Utrecht om hun huidige leverancier van ‘rollend materieel’, het Spaanse CAF, uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten. Nederlandse burgers kunnen hun oproep per e-mail steunen. Inmiddels hebben meer dan twaalfhonderd Nederlanders dat gedaan. Aanleiding voor de actie is de ontsporing van het voorheen respectabele bedrijf.

De ontsporing van CAF

CAF – voluit Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles – werkt in opdracht van Israël aan de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies in Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Palestijnse Westelijke Jordaanoever. Het project beoogt de illegale Israëlische kolonisering van de Palestijnse gebieden dieper te verankeren.

De Israëlische kolonisering is in strijd met het internationaal recht, en geldt onder de Conventies van Genève en het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof als een oorlogsmisdaad. Daarnaast gaat de kolonisering gepaard met een regime van militaire bezetting en apartheid, en met structurele schendingen van de mensenrechten.

Daar moet je als bedrijf niet aan meewerken. Dat vonden ook Siemens, Bombardier, Alstom en andere bedrijven die zich terugtrokken als potentieel partner in de JLR. Met dat besluit leefden zij de UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights en andere internationale gedragscodes na, die betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij rechtenschendingen tegengaan. Anno 2021 geldt naleving daarvan als ondergrens voor maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen.

Desondanks begaf CAF zich in augustus 2019 in het JLR-project. Daartoe werd een alliantie aangegaan met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir Engineering, en samengewerkt met de Israëlische financier Bank Hapoalim. Zowel Shapir als Hapoalim staan op de ‘zwarte’ VN-lijst van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij de kolonisering en de daarmee samenhangende rechtenschendingen. Intussen is ook CAF gekandideerd voor een plek op de lijst.

GEEN ACCEPTABELE PARTNER

In maart publiceerden wij een uitvoerig artikel over de rol van CAF, en over de gevolgen ervan voor het bedrijf. Dat is zwaar onder vuur komen te liggen – eerst van de eigen werknemers en de Baskische regio waar het is gevestigd, maar intussen wereldwijd. 

Van Mexico tot Noorwegen worden overheden en bedrijven opgeroepen CAF uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen en contracten.

Dat gebeurt nu ook in Nederland, waar CAF treinen, trams en metro’s bouwt voor bedrijven en overheden als de NS, het Amsterdamse openbaar vervoerbedrijf GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam. Die opdrachtgevers worden nu per e-mail opgeroepen om CAF geen rol in nieuwe aanbestedingen en opdrachten meer te gunnen.

De e-mail-actie, die ook in andere Europese landen wordt gehouden, is geïnitieerd door de Palestijnse BDS Movement, die in 2005 met steun van 171 Palestijnse maatschappelijke organisaties werd opgericht, en intussen geldt als belangrijkste representant van de geweldloze strijd voor Palestijnse rechten. Op de website van BDS Nederland (voorheen docP) is meer te lezen over de actie en de BDS-beweging.

EINDE BERICHT

[2]

”Development of the light rail line is bringing prosperity and growth to the city’s real estate and business sectors, an upsurge in cultural and entertainment centers, and accessibility to the downtown area for residents of large neighborhoods, such as Pigat Ze’ev.”

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

ABOUT

JERUSALEM AND THE LIGHT RAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233415/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/ContentPage.aspx?ID=16

ORIGINELE BRON

CITYPASS

JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL

https://web.archive.org/web/20130925233325/http://www.citypass.co.il/english/default.aspx

Pisgat Ze’ev (Hebrew: פסגת זאב‎, lit. Ze’ev’s Peak) is an Israeli settlement in East Jerusalem[1] and the largest residential neighborhood in Jerusalem with a population of over 50,000.[2] Pisgat Ze’ev was established by Israel as one of the city’s five Ring Neighborhoods on land effectively annexed after the 1967 Six-Day War.”

WIKIPEDIA

PISGAT ZE’EV

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisgat_Ze%27ev” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATIONJUL 2017
https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdfURBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/

The transport authority JTMT (Jerusalem Transportation Masterplan Team) has chosen the TransJerusalem J-Net Ltd consortium, consisting in the CAF Group and the construction firm Saphir, for the Jerusalem light rail project. The project value is 1.8 billion EUR.

The so-called Green line is a PPP (Private-Public Partnership) scheme and includes the construction of 20.6 kilometres of new track, 53 stations and a depot. Jerusalem opened its’ first light rail line, the red line in 2011. The new Green line uses the current Red Line on a stretch of 6.8 km. The contract also includes the design and supply of 114 low-floor Urbos trams (which will be operated as double-tractions) for the new Green Line and the refurbishment of the 46 units which are currently in service on the existing Red Line.

114 Urbos trams and 25 years of operation

The project scope of the consortium will also include the supply of the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation. The CAF Group’s scope of this project exceeds 500 million EUR. The Group will also have a 50% stake in the company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines. The project is expected to be implemented this year with the new network fully operative by 2025.

The future network

The tram’s Red Line currently extends along 13.8 km with 23 stations distributed on the route, was inaugurated in 2011 and providing transport to over 145,000 passengers on average per day. The Green lines is expected to have a ridership of 200,000 passengers per day. It will link the two campuses of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and continue south via Pat junction to Gilo while using a common section with the Red line in the city centre until the terminus of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem railway station which was inaugurated in 2018.

Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem.

EINDE ARTIKEL

INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

TEXT

JERUSALEM Transportation Masterplan Team (JTMT) has awarded the TransJerusalem J-Net consortium, comprised of CAF and the construction firm Shapir, a €1.8bn contract to undertake an extension to the Jerusalem light rail network.

The Private-Public Partnership (PPP) includes the construction of 27km of new track, 53 new stations and various depots covering a 6.8km extension to the Red Line, and the new 20.6km Green Line. The Red Line is currently 13.8km long with 23 stations, and carries around 145,000 passengers daily.

The consortium will also design and supply 114 new Urbos LRVs for the Green Line, and the refurbishment of the 46 vehicles currently in service on the Red Line.

The contract includes the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation.

CAF’s share of the contract is worth more than €500m, and includes the vehicle’s supply and refurbishment, signalling, energy and communication systems and project integration. CAF will also have a 50% stake in the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines, which is expected to have a €1bn turnover.

Construction is expected begin later this year with the new extensions fully operational by 2025.

Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland) also submitted bids for the contract.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[3]URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/


INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COM

CAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

[4]

CIVIS MUNDI

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

[5]

ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE NEDERZETTINGEN

”The establishment of the settlements contravenes international humanitarian law (IHL), which states that an occupying power may not relocate its own citizens to the occupied territory or make permanent changes to that territory, unless these are needed for imperative military needs, in the narrow sense of the term, or undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements

”It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory”

ICRC.ORG [INTERNATIONALE RODE KRUIS]

WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ABOUT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SETTLEMENTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/faq/occupation-faq-051010.htm#:~:text=It%20is%20unlawful%20under%20the,population%20transfer%20into%20occupied%20territory

05-10-2010 FAQ

When a territory is placed under the authority of a hostile army, the rules of international humanitarian law dealing with occupation apply. Occupation confers certain rights and obligations on the occupying power.

Prohibited actions include forcibly transferring protected persons from the occupied territories to the territory of the occupying power. 
It is unlawful under the Fourth Geneva Convention for an occupying power to transfer parts of its own population into the territory it occupies. This means that international humanitarian law prohibits the establishment of settlements, as these are a form of population transfer into occupied territory. Any measure designed to expand or consolidate settlements is also illegal. Confiscation of land to build or expand settlements is similarly prohibited. 

ILLEGALITEIT NEDERZETTINGEN VOLGENS ARTIKEL 49, 4E CONVENTIE VAN GENEVE

”Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

ARTICLE 49, FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=77068F12B8857C4DC12563CD0051BDB0

”Digital companies are revolutionizing how the world does tourism. Corporations like Airbnb, Booking.com, Expedia and TripAdvisor, which dominate the multi-billion-dollar global online tourism industry, have become hugely successful. These companies all also list numerous hotels, B&Bs, attractions or tours in Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). They are doing so despite knowing that Israel’s settlements are illegal under international law, and a war crime.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

BY LISTING PROPERTIES AND ATTRACTIONS IN ISRAELI

SETTLEMENTS, DIGITAL TOURISM COMPANIES ARE PROFITING

FROM WARCRIMES

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/destination-occupation-digital-tourism-israel-illegal-settlements/

[6]

”Violence by settlers (and sometimes by other Israeli civilians) toward Palestinians has long since become part of daily life under occupation in the West Bank. These actions range from blocking roads, throwing stones at cars and houses, raiding villages and farmland, torching fields and olive groves, and damaging crops and property to physical assault, sometimes to the point of hurling Molotov cocktails or using live fire. Over the years, this widespread violence toward Palestinians has resulted in injuries to life and limb, as well as damage to property and land.”

BTSELEM.ORGSTATE BACKED SETTLER VIOLENCE
https://www.btselem.org/topic/settler_violence

Violence by settlers (and sometimes by other Israeli civilians) toward Palestinians has long since become part of daily life under occupation in the West Bank. These actions range from blocking roads, throwing stones at cars and houses, raiding villages and farmland, torching fields and olive groves, and damaging crops and property to physical assault, sometimes to the point of hurling Molotov cocktails or using live fire. Over the years, this widespread violence toward Palestinians has resulted in injuries to life and limb, as well as damage to property and land.

Under international law, Israel has a duty to protect Palestinians in the West Bank from this conduct. However, Israeli authorities routinely shirk this responsibility, even when the violent actions can be anticipated. Thousands of testimonies, videos and reports, as well as many years of close monitoring by B’Tselem and other organizations, reveal that Israeli security forces not only allow settlers to harm Palestinians and their property as a matter of course – they often provide the perpetrators escort and back-up. In some cases, they even join in on the attack. In other instances, security forces have prevented anticipated harm by removing the targeted Palestinians, rather than the Israeli assailants.

The law enforcement agencies, for their part, rarely make settlers face consequences for attacking Palestinians. In almost all cases, the investigations – if one was opened, in the first place – have not resulted in any action taken against the perpetrators. This undeclared policy of lenience toward settler violence aimed at Palestinians has been documented in numerous reports by human rights organizations, as well as in official state reports (such as the Karp Report of 1982 and the Shamgar Report of 1994).

In a ten-year review published in May 2015, human rights organization Yesh Din found that some 85% of investigations into such cases (including violence, arson, damage to property, mutilation of trees and takeover of land) ended with no further action taken, and that the odds of a police complaint filed by a Palestinian resulting in the conviction of an Israeli civilian were a mere 1.9%. Given the futility of this effort, many Palestinians choose to forgo filing a complaint altogether.

Since it was founded in 1989, B’Tselem has been documenting incidents of settler violence against Palestinians and advocating for security forces to fulfill their obligation to protect Palestinians and their property from such injury. For many years, B’Tselem has stressed the duty of Israeli authorities to make the necessary preparations, including allocating forces, to prevent attacks that can be predicted – especially when they are carried out in the open – and arrest the assailants. We have repeatedly called attention to the responsibility of the law enforcement agencies to quickly and efficiently investigate attacks after they take place. B’Tselem has provided the police and the military with documentation of such attacks, including video footage filmed by volunteers. We have also helped Palestinian victims file complaints with the police and have monitored the investigations – including appealing closed cases. After more than 25 years of this work, there is no escaping the conclusion that the authorities merely make a show of law enforcement in this context and that, with few exceptions, they have no interest in seriously investigating settler violence against Palestinians.

A stark example recurs every year during the olive harvest. After repeated settler attacks, the military forbade Palestinian farmers from entering their own land if it lies near a settlement – instead of protecting the farmers by enforcing the law on the settlers. In 2004, the heads of five Palestinian local councils petitioned Israel’s High Court of Justice (HCJ), demanding that the military allow them to access their lands and protect them from settler attacks during the olive harvest. The court accepted the petition about two years later, ruling that the military should not, in general, deny Palestinians access to their land in the name of protecting them. The justices also ruled that the security establishment must “give clear, unequivocal instructions to the forces operating in the field” and also “deploy forces to protect the property of the Palestinian inhabitants” (HCJ 9593/04 Murar et al. v. IDF Commander for Judea and Samaria et al.). As a result, the state created a “coordination system” for supposedly enabling Palestinians throughout the West Bank to access their land for several days, twice a year – during the harvest and plowing seasons. This requires prior coordination with the military, which assigns them a security detail.

In practice, the system does little to resolve this violent reality and is largely another empty show of law enforcement. First, it furthers the assumption that the solution lies with restricting the Palestinian victims, rather than the violent settlers. Second, it is relevant to two specific periods every year, leaving settlers free to roam and vandalize land and trees the rest of the time, while the Palestinian owners are barred access. Third, the military requires Palestinians to undergo such a complicated coordination process and meet so many requirements that, in many cases, attaining access is impossible.

Settler violence has a pervasive impact on life in the West Bank, creating a lingering sense of intimidation. Countless attacks have left their traumatic mark on individual Palestinians and on the collective memory. As a result, many Palestinians now avoid approaching “danger zones” near settlements. Landowners do not dare enter these areas without military escort or Israeli civilians accompanying them. As a result, in some plots, the yield has become so poor that the owners have given up trying to reach the land and tend it. This dynamic has created invisible walls throughout the West Bank, beyond which Palestinians know they face violence to the point of risking their lives.

The rogue settlements euphemistically known as “illegal outposts” – since they were formally established in breach of Israeli law, although they enjoy broad government support and funding – contribute to this reality. These 100 or so outposts, established throughout the West Bank since the 1990s, have effectively taken over large swathes of land, expanding the scope of settlement control. This dispossession has been accompanied by violence towards Palestinian landowners that includes physical assaults, threats, attacks on shepherds and theft of land. Apart from very rare exceptions in which outposts were removed further to legal proceedings, virtually all outposts remain standing and are gradually gaining formal recognition as a substantial part of the settlement enterprise.

Violent actions of settlers against Palestinians are not exceptions to a rule. Rather, they form part of a broader strategy in which the state colludes, as it stands to benefit from the result. Over time, this unchecked violence is gradually driving Palestinians from more and more locations in the West Bank, making it easier for the state to take over land and resources.

[7]

[7]

URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GREEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER8 AUGUST 2019
https://www.urban-transport-magazine.com/en/caf-saphir-consortium-wins-jerusalem-green-line-light-rail-tender/
” The Jerusalem light rail connects large Israeli settlement blocs in occupied East Jerusalem with the western part of the city, expropriating occupied Palestinian land and promoting increased territorial contiguity for settlements alongside growing territorial fragmentation for East Jerusalem’s Palestinian neighborhoods.”
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
WHO PROFITS.ORGFLASH REPORTTRACKING ANNEXATION:THE JERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL AND THE ISRAELIOCCUPATIONJUL 2017
https://whoprofits.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/old/tracking_annexation_-_the_jerusalem_light_rail_and_the_israeli_occupation.pdf

[8]

THE RIGHTS FORUMSLUIT SPAANSE TREINBOUWER UIT VAN AANBESTEDINGEN INNEDERLAND14 APRIL 2021
https://rightsforum.org/campagnes/sluit-spaanse-treinenbouwer-caf-uit-van-aanbestedingen-in-nederland/

Twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties dringen aan op uitsluiting van CAF van aanbestedingen in Nederland. De Spaanse leverancier van treinen en trams is in Israël/Palestina betrokken bij oorlogsmisdaden. Met een e-mail kunnen Nederlanders hun oproep steunen.

Eind maart stuurden de Algemene Federatie van Onafhankelijke Vakbonden Palestina en de Palestijnse Nieuwe Federatie van Vakbonden een oproep aan de NS, het Amsterdamse GVB en de provincie Utrecht om hun huidige leverancier van ‘rollend materieel’, het Spaanse CAF, uit te sluiten van toekomstige aanbestedingen en opdrachten. Nederlandse burgers kunnen hun oproep per e-mail steunen. Inmiddels hebben meer dan twaalfhonderd Nederlanders dat gedaan. Aanleiding voor de actie is de ontsporing van het voorheen respectabele bedrijf.

De ontsporing van CAF

CAF – voluit Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles – werkt in opdracht van Israël aan de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies in Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en op de Palestijnse Westelijke Jordaanoever. Het project beoogt de illegale Israëlische kolonisering van de Palestijnse gebieden dieper te verankeren.

De Israëlische kolonisering is in strijd met het internationaal recht, en geldt onder de Conventies van Genève en het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof als een oorlogsmisdaad. Daarnaast gaat de kolonisering gepaard met een regime van militaire bezetting en apartheid, en met structurele schendingen van de mensenrechten.

Daar moet je als bedrijf niet aan meewerken. Dat vonden ook Siemens, Bombardier, Alstom en andere bedrijven die zich terugtrokken als potentieel partner in de JLR. Met dat besluit leefden zij de UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights en andere internationale gedragscodes na, die betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij rechtenschendingen tegengaan. Anno 2021 geldt naleving daarvan als ondergrens voor maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen.

Desondanks begaf CAF zich in augustus 2019 in het JLR-project. Daartoe werd een alliantie aangegaan met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir Engineering, en samengewerkt met de Israëlische financier Bank Hapoalim. Zowel Shapir als Hapoalim staan op de ‘zwarte’ VN-lijst van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij de kolonisering en de daarmee samenhangende rechtenschendingen. Intussen is ook CAF gekandideerd voor een plek op de lijst.

GEEN ACCEPTABELE PARTNER

In maart publiceerden wij een uitvoerig artikel over de rol van CAF, en over de gevolgen ervan voor het bedrijf. Dat is zwaar onder vuur komen te liggen – eerst van de eigen werknemers en de Baskische regio waar het is gevestigd, maar intussen wereldwijd. Van Mexico tot Noorwegen worden overheden

en bedrijven opgeroepen CAF uit te sluiten van aanbestedingen en contracten.

Dat gebeurt nu ook in Nederland, waar CAF treinen, trams en metro’s bouwt voor bedrijven en overheden als de NS, het Amsterdamse openbaar vervoerbedrijf GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam. Die opdrachtgevers worden nu per e-mail opgeroepen om CAF geen rol in nieuwe aanbestedingen en opdrachten meer te gunnen.

De e-mail-actie, die ook in andere Europese landen wordt gehouden, is geïnitieerd door de Palestijnse BDS Movement, die in 2005 met steun van 171 Palestijnse maatschappelijke organisaties werd opgericht, en intussen geldt als belangrijkste representant van de geweldloze strijd voor Palestijnse rechten. Op de website van BDS Nederland (voorheen docP) is meer te lezen over de actie en de BDS-beweging.

EINDE BERICHT

BDS NEDERLAND:

STUUR EEN MAIL AAN NS, GVB EN OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT: WERK NIET MEE AAN ANNEXATIE

EN MIJDT CAF!

30 MAART 2021

Het BNC biedt openbaar vervoersinstellingen in diverse Europese landen -waaronder Nederland- vandaag een brief aan van twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties waarin ze worden opgeroepen om de banden met CAF te verbreken zolang het betrokken blijft bij Israëls’ illegale apartheids- en annexatieproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, en er zolang geen contracten mee af te sluiten.

Deze brief wordt ondersteund door een E-mail actie gericht aan de betrokken openbaar vervoersinstanties, hier in Nederland de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer. Maak deze instanties duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner kunnen blijven accepteren en er geen contracten meer mee af moeten sluiten zolang het betrokken blijft bij de Jerusalem Light Rail en daarmee de rechten van de Palestijnen helpt vertrappen, en stuur je mail!

Vandaag, 30 maart, wordt door Palestijnen herdacht als de Dag van het Land. Dit omdat het nu 45 jaar geleden is dat de Israëlische politie 6 Palestijnse burgers van de zionistische staat doodschoot die demonstreerden tegen overheidsplannen voor de massale onteigening van hun grond. Het sterven in de strijd voor het behoud van het eigen land vat de Palestijnse strijd tegen Israëlische onderdrukking, kolonisatie en apartheid immers op symbolische wijze in een notendop samen. Land die deze staat, Israel genaamd, in bezit wil nemen en zoveel mogelijk wil ontdoen ivan zijn Palestijnse bevolking ten gunste van de vestiging en ontwikkeling van de eigen, joodse, bevolking.

In dit laatste proces is het Baskisch-Spaanse openbaarvervoersbouwbedrijf CAF vandaag de dag tot over zijn oren betrokken. Sinds augustus 2019 werkt het immers, samen met het Israëlische bedrijf Shapir die op de VN-database staat van bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij Israëls grootscheepse illegale nederzettingenproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, aan de Jerusalem Light Rail: enkele spoorverbindingen die West-Jeruzalem verbinden met illegale Israëlische nederzettingen in- en rondom Oost-Jeruzalem.

Dit brengt, opnieuw, grootscheepse onteigening van Palestijnse grond met zich mee ten gunste van de uitbreiding en ontwikkeling van die koloniale nederzettingen, draagt bij aan de isolatie van Palestijnse woonbuurten, dorpen en steden in en rond Oost-Jeruzalem ten op zichte van die van elders op de Westelijke Jordaanoever en van elkaar en verankerd de wederrechtelijke annexatie van dit Palestijnse gebied nog verder.

Dit annexatieproces brengt toenemende marginalisering van de Palestijnse bevolking met zich mee, een verbod op de bouw van nieuwe woningen en een gestage etnische zuivering uit Oost-Jeruzalem en omgeving. Een proces dat tevens in stand gehouden wordt door de repressie en het geweld tegen die bevolking door Israelische veiligheidstroepen en Joodse kolonisten.

Om deze redenen heeft CAF ook met toenemend verzet en protest tegen haar deelname aan de Jerusalem Light Rail te maken. In Spanje en Baskenland zelf (ook van de kant van arbeiders die daar werkzaam zijn in de CAF-fabrieken!), in Frankrijk, in Groot-Brittannië, in Noorwegen, in Israel-Palestina zelf en nu ook in Nederland! Hier te lande levert CAF de sprintertreinstellen aan de NS, trams en metrostellen aan het Amsterdamse GVB en trams aan de gemeente Utrecht.

Het BNC biedt openbaar vervoersinstellingen in diverse Europese landen -waaronder de onze- vandaag een brief aan van twee Palestijnse vakbondsfederaties waarin ze worden opgeroepen om de banden met CAF te verbreken zolang het betrokken blijft bij Israëls’ illegale apartheids- en annexatieproject in bezet Palestijns gebied, en er zolang geen contracten mee mee af te sluiten.

Deze brief wordt ondersteund door een E-mail actie gericht aan de betrokken openbaar vervoersinstanties, hier in Nederland de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer. Maak deze instanties duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner kunnen blijven accepteren en er geen contracten meer mee af moeten sluiten zolang het betrokken blijft bij de Jerusalem Light Rail en daarmee de rechten van de Palestijnen helpt vertrappen, en stuur je mail!

Klik en stuur nu jouw e-mail naar Nederlandse Spoorwegen, GVB and Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht.

EINDE BERICHT

[9]
”Opmerkelijk is dat de belangrijkste concurrenten van CAF – gerenommeerde bedrijven als Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier, Systra en Macquarie – zich allemaal al eerder uit de JLR-aanbesteding terugtrokken, waarbij met name het tracé door Oost-Jeruzalem als taboe werd gekwalificeerd.”
THE RIGHTS FORUMNEDERLANDSE OV PARTNER BETROKKEN BIJ ISRAEL’S ILLEGALEKOLINISERING8 MAART 2021
https://rightsforum.org/nieuws/nederlandse-ov-partner-betrokken-bij-israels-illegale-kolonisering/

De NS, het GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam blijken op grote schaal zaken te doen met de Spaanse treinenbouwer CAF, die wordt beschuldigd van betrokkenheid bij oorlogsmisdaden.

Nederlandse bedrijven en overheden hebben grote orders uitstaan bij de Spaanse treinenbouwer Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, kortweg CAF. Op LinkedIn meldt de Nederlandse poot van het bedrijf, CAF Netherlands, te werken aan 206 Sprinters voor NS, 54 trams voor de Provincie Utrecht, 72 trams voor de gemeente Amsterdam, en een nieuwe generatie M7-metro’s voor de GVB.

Oorlogsmisdaden

CAF is een topspeler in de internationale markt voor treinen, trams, metro’s, bussen, treinbeveiliging en onderhoud, met een gedegen track record in Nederland. In augustus 2019 kantelde de populariteit van het bedrijf, toen CAF een aanbesteding won van het Israëlische ministerie van Financiën voor de uitbreiding van de zogenoemde Jerusalem Light Rail (JLR), een sneltram die Israëlisch West-Jeruzalem verbindt met Israëlische kolonies (‘nederzettingen’) in bezet Palestijns Oost-Jeruzalem en de Westelijke Jordaanoever.

De Israëlische kolonisering van bezet Palestijns gebied is illegaal en geldt onder het Statuut van Rome – het oprichtingsverdrag van het Internationaal Strafhof (ICC) – als oorlogsmisdaad. Juist afgelopen woensdag besloot het ICC, na een voortraject van ruim zes jaar, een officieel onderzoek in te stellen naar oorlogsmisdaden in de bezette Palestijnse gebieden, waarbij de Israëlische kolonisering een van de thema’s vormt.

Foute partners

Binnen het JLR-project werkt CAF samen met het Israëlische ingenieurs- en constructiebedrijf Shapir, dat is opgenomen in de VN-database van bedrijven waarvan is vastgesteld dat zij middels hun activiteiten in bezet gebied bijdragen aan schendingen van het internationaal recht en Palestijnse mensenrechten. Datzelfde geldt voor de Israëlische Bank Hapoalim, die in november 2020 als hoofdfinancier tot de samenwerking toetrad.

Opmerkelijk is dat de belangrijkste concurrenten van CAF – gerenommeerde bedrijven als Alstom, Siemens, Bombardier, Systra en Macquarie – zich allemaal al eerder uit de JLR-aanbesteding terugtrokken, waarbij met name het tracé door Oost-Jeruzalem als taboe werd gekwalificeerd. Van de acht potentiële bieders bleven er slechts twee over: CAF-Shapir en een internationaal consortium rond het Chinese CRRC en Israëlische Egged. Ook dat laatste bedrijf komt voor in de VN-database.’

Jeruzalem is taboe’

Het Franse Alstom trok zich terug uit vrees voor hoge boetes die het bedrijf onder Franse wetgeving tegemoetzag – dit nadat Alstoms Israëlische partners die weigerden te compenseren. Denkbaar is ook dat CAF’s concurrenten zich het lot herinneren van de Franse multinational Veolia, die zijn betrokkenheid bij de JLR moest bekopen met een wereldwijde pariastatus en een miljardenverlies. In 2015 trok Veolia zich terug uit het JLR-project, en sindsdien geldt ‘Remember Veolia’ als waarschuwing voor bedrijven die in zijn voetsporen willen treden.

Het Israëlische zakenblad Globes stelde vast dat feitelijk sprake is van een ‘stille boycot’ door internationale transportondernemingen, die een veel groter effect heeft op de Israëlische economie dan bijvoorbeeld de – vaak met veel rumoer omgeven – weigering van beroemdheden om in Israël op te treden. Globes constateert dat Israëls initiële bravoure over de verwachte participatie van liefst acht bieders – uitgelegd als brede steun van het bedrijfsleven voor Israëls kolonisering – in het tegendeel is omgeslagen.

CAF is het nieuwe Veolia

Anderhalf jaar na het winnen van de Israëlische aanbesteding is CAF hard op weg in de voetsporen van Veolia te treden. Het in Baskenland gevestigde spoorbedrijf kreeg te maken met zware oppositie van het eigen personeel, aandeelhouders en vakbonden, en van zeventig Baskische maatschappelijke organisaties die CAF opriepen zich uit het JLR-project terug te trekken. Veel Basken identificeren zich met de nationale aspiraties van de Palestijnen, en beschouwen de handelwijze van CAF ook vanuit dat oogpunt als onacceptabel.

Intussen is onder de slogan ‘CAF Get Off Israel’s Apartheid Train’ ook een internationale campagne op gang gekomen, waarbij zich vakbonden, mensenrechtenorganisaties en tal van andere groeperingen hebben aangesloten. Afgelopen maand diende een coalitie van 31 Palestijnse en internationale organisaties een eis in bij de VN om CAF op te nemen in de database van ‘foute’ bedrijven. In talloze landen wordt de deelname van CAF aan lokale en nationale aanbestedingen aangevochten. In december 2020 trok het bedrijf zich terug uit een aanbesteding in Mexico City nadat tachtig organisaties aandrongen op uitsluiting. In Noorwegen wordt een door acht vakbonden gesteunde campagne gevoerd tegen de deelname van CAF aan een aanbesteding voor nieuw treinmaterieel; een internationale petitie

daartoe is tot dusver bijna vijfduizend maal getekend.

Ook in Nederland zijn protesten tegen CAF op gang gekomen. Het bedrijf zal steeds harder worden aangesproken op zijn ontspoorde activiteiten, en zijn deelname aan nieuwe aanbestedingen zal worden aangevochten. Daarnaast worden CAF’s huidige partners, waaronder de NS, het GVB, de provincie Utrecht en de gemeente Amsterdam, opgeroepen zich van CAF te distantiëren.

Te weinig aandacht voor mensenrechten

Op grond van het Nederlandse mensenrechtenbeleid en het zogenoemde ‘Maatschappelijk Verantwoord Inkopen’ (MVI) zou het ondenkbaar moeten zijn dat bedrijven die betrokken zijn bij oorlogsmisdaden en andere schendingen van het internationaal recht orders in de wacht slepen die uit publieke middelen worden bekostigd. Maar Nederlandse (semi-)overheden nemen het niet nauw met mensenrechten en MVI, en hebben er in veel gevallen geen moeite mee ‘foute’ bedrijven tot aanbestedingen toe te laten en van opdrachten te voorzien.

Een voorbeeld is het in Nederland actieve Egged Bus Systems (EBS). EBS is een dochterbedrijf van het Israëlische Egged, dat onder meer busdiensten verzorgt tussen Israël en zijn kolonies in bezet gebied, en om die reden is opgenomen in de VN-database van ‘foute’ bedrijven. Desondanks werd EBS door onder meer de Metropoolregio Rotterdam Den Haag (MRDH) toegelaten tot aanbestedeningen, en werden het bedrijf vergunningen verleend voor busdiensten in de regio.

Afgelopen jaren heeft The Rights Forum de betreffende Nederlandse overheden en verantwoordelijke ministeries aangesproken op deze onwenselijke gang van zaken. In hun reacties – waarop vaak langdurig moet worden aangedrongen – schuiven zij hun verantwoordelijkheden steevast af. De bittere realiteit is dat Nederlandse bedrijven en overheden door hun samenwerking met ‘foute’ bedrijven bijdragen aan ernstige schendingen van het recht. CAF geldt daarvan als meest recente voorbeeld.

EINDE ARTIKEL

ISRAEL’S SETTLER RAILWAY COULD BE GOING NOWHERE FAST23 MAY 2019
https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/israels-settler-railway-could-be-going-nowhere-fast

Trade unions and human rights organizations in France are celebrating as a victory the withdrawal of train manufacturer Alstom from the Jerusalem light rail.

Meanwhile, it has also been confirmed that a Greek-led consortium failed to submit a bid.

France’s Alstom confirmed to media last week that it had dropped plans to bid on the extension of the Israeli railway that links settlements in the West Bank to each other and to Jerusalem.

Israel’s construction of settlements in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, is a war crime.

Alstom’s would-be Israeli partners had revealed earlier this month that the French firm had backed out, citing concerns over how the settler railway violates Palestinian human rights and international law.

The international human rights group FIDH, Palestine’s Al-Haq and French labor federations CFDT and CGT are among a coalition of organizations that welcomed Alstom’s decision as a “win for law.”

Those organizations have long campaigned to end the complicity of French firms in the railway, which they describe as “a tool of the Israeli settlement and annexation policy” in Jerusalem.

Systra, a subsidiary of French state rail firm SNCF and Paris transit authority RATP, had already pulled out of the Israeli project last year.

Earlier this month, The Electronic Intifada broke the news that Canada’s Bombardier had pulled out, along with Australia’s Macquarie and Germany’s Siemens.

With the withdrawal of the Alstom-led consortium, the number of bids on the light rail expansion dropped from an initial seven to just two – one involving China’s CRRC and one including Spanish firm CAF.

And a French subcontractor, Egis, still provides planning and consulting services to the Jerusalem light rail. It is owned by the public firm Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations.

“In the name of corporate ethics, for which no exception should be made, we urgently call upon both the government and the senior management of [Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations] to demand the immediate withdrawal of Egis from this project,” the human rights and labor groups state.

Greece drops bid

The Palestinian Authority’s office in Athens on Thursday welcomed the decision by a Greek-led consortium not to put in a bid to expand the light rail.

The PA embassy expressed its “deep satisfaction that the deadline for the bidding to construct the light railway project in occupied East Jerusalem expired on 13 May 2019, and neither private nor public Greek companies submitted bids.”

“This decision is a clear expression of rejection of colonization,” the PA office added.

Greece’s government, led by the nominally left-wing party Syriza, had previously given strong backing to the consortium that included publicly owned transit firm STASY and private construction firm GEK Terna.

The PA office thanked lawmakers, trade unions, municipalities and activists who had taken a stand against Greek involvement in the settler railway.

Some of the lawmakers who raised questions in parliament about the Greek bid were from Syriza.

Arab ambassadors had also raised objections over the project in a meeting with the Greek foreign minister, according to the PA.

Last month, Yanis Varoufakis, the former Greek finance minister turned pan-European political campaigner, joined the chorus of criticism.

Varoufakis said he was “deeply ashamed of my former Syriza colleagues” for supporting the project and pledged that his new political movement would “commit to fighting against this.”

Israeli spin

The Israeli embassy in Athens put out a press release denying that the Greek bid had been dropped for political reasons.

The embassy claimed that the Greek consortium had put the brakes on the bid for “purely technical reasons.”

But that spin is unlikely to dampen the sense of victory for activists in Greece and across Europe.

Attention will now turn to Spain, whose train maker CAF remains involved in one of the two consortiums still taking part in the tender.

The Israeli business publication Globes conceded that labor opposition “could disrupt CAF’s work if it wins the tender.”

In January, the company’s official workers council voted against the bid.

The French and Palestinian human rights and labor groups are calling on all European governments to “take a clear stance against companies’ involvement in the Israeli policies of annexation, colonization and occupation.”

Chinese role

The other consortium still in the running involves Chinese company CRRC.

“The Chinese entry into the infrastructure market in Israel is alarming the US,” according to Globes.

The Trump administration is mounting a global effort to contain China economically and to sanction companies like CRRC that do business in Iran.

This could place Israel under US pressure not to give the contract to the Chinese-led consortium.

In 2016, China voted to support a UN Security Council resolution reaffirming the illegality of Israel’s settlements and “Condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem.”

If activists keep up the pace and extend their campaign to include pressuring China to match its rhetoric with action, Israel’s settler railway could be going nowhere fast.

EINDE ARTIKEL

[10]

ZIE NOOT 5

[11]

BDS NEDERLAND:

STUUR EEN MAIL AAN NS, GVB EN OPENBAAR VERVOER UTRECHT: WERK NIET MEE AAN ANNEXATIE

EN MIJDT CAF!

30 MAART 2021

Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aan annexatie en mijdt CAF! – BDS Nederland
Stuur een mail aan NS, GVB en Openbaar Vervoer Utrecht: werk niet mee aa…Maak de NS, het GVB en het Utrechtse openbaar vervoer duidelijk waarom ze CAF niet als een samenwerkingspartner …

EINDE NOTEN

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor GVB steunt illegale Israelische nederzettingen/Samenwerking met CAF

Opgeslagen onder Divers

Boycott Israel!/CAF transportsystem supports Israeli settlements and makes Blood Money!/Letter to CAF

BOYCOTT ISRAEL!/CAF TRANSPORTSYSTEM SUPPORTS ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS AND MAKES BLOOD MONEY!/LETTER TO CAF

  • A metro stop
  • CAFCreating rail solutions tailored to suit the needs of each and every customer.Front view of a high-speed train

CAF TRANSPORTSYSTEM, EARNING BLOOD MONEY BY SUPPORTING THEILLEGAL ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS
https://www.caf.net/en/compania/index.php

https://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf
Image result for settlements/Images

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS, ILLEGAL UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

SEE FOR BACKGROUND INFORMATION
https://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

LETTER
TOCAF 
Director and ManagementSubject: Involvement with the illegal Israeli settlements

Dear Director,Dear Management,

Sometimes I ask myself, how on earth it is possible, that there arestill companies, that work with notorious thieves and villains likeoccupation countries, helping them with stealing and robbering!Alas I have learnt, that your company, the Basque Spanish multinational CAF [Construcciones Y Auxiliar de Ferocarilles], is notorious for that, sincein August 2019, a consortium, led by your CAF and the Israeli infrastructurecompany Shapir was selected by Israel’s finance ministry, to lead the expansionof the Jerusalem Light Rail, serving Israel’s illegal settlements in occupiedPalestinian territory. Look for all the information under note 1!
I think it is a shame and disgrace, that your company signed for openly violatingInternational Law and human rights!Your company must be  beaten virtually for this.
ISRAELI OCCUPATION
Although it should not be necessary, for your sake someinformation about the Israeli settlements.Of course you know about the now 53 years Israeli occupation of thePalestinian territories the West Bank, Eastern Jerusalem and Gaza [2],despite UN Security Resolution 242 [3] and all subsequent resolutions.As an occupation regime, Israel is responsible for and guilty ofstructural repression, human rights violations and systematic warcrimes [4] and crimes of humanity like ethnic cleansings. [5]
So even when there were no illegal settlements, you should notcooperate with the Israeli occupation State!

ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS
You know, or else you should know, that all Israeli settlements, built onthe occupied Palestinian territories are illegal according under International Law,according to article 49. 4th Geneva Convention, as the the Hague Convention. [6]
Not only this settlement building is pure land theft, not seldom the settlers [theIsraeli inhabitants of the illegal settlements] are very agressive towards theoccupied Palestinian population as the Israeli human rights organization Btselem mentions.[7]And the worst part is, that those agressive settlers are often supported by Israeli Security Forces! [8]

EPILOGUE
I have presented you with the facts.The facts you already knew, or should have known otherwise.I don’t know, what’s worse.

By leading the expansion of the Jerusalem Light Railand thus serving  Israel’s illegal settlements in occupied Palestinian territory, you are notonly tainted by your cooperation with a criminal occupation regime, alsoyou are complicit in landtheft and de fcato expulsion of the occupiedPalestinian population from their own ground.
Is that the way you earn your money.Your BLOODmoney?
Shame on you!

If you have any conscience and decency, withdraw from youractivities, helping the illegal settlements in occupied Palestinianterritory.Evil practices.
If not:
Then History will put you on the black list, ading war criminalsand criminals against humanity.
DIXI! [Latin: I have said, I have spoken] [9]

Kind greetings
Astrid Essed AmsterdamThe Netherlands

NOTES

[1]

WIKIPEDIAJERUSALEM LIGHT RAIL
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Light_Rail

INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL.COMCAF AND SHAPIR AWARDED JERUSALEM LIGHTRAIL PROJECT CONTRACT

TEXT

JERUSALEM Transportation Masterplan Team (JTMT) has awarded the TransJerusalem J-Net consortium, comprised of CAF and the construction firm Shapir, a €1.8bn contract to undertake an extension to the Jerusalem light rail network.

The Private-Public Partnership (PPP) includes the construction of 27km of new track, 53 new stations and various depots covering a 6.8km extension to the Red Line, and the new 20.6km Green Line. The Red Line is currently 13.8km long with 23 stations, and carries around 145,000 passengers daily.

The consortium will also design and supply 114 new Urbos LRVs for the Green Line, and the refurbishment of the 46 vehicles currently in service on the Red Line.

The contract includes the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation.

CAF’s share of the contract is worth more than €500m, and includes the vehicle’s supply and refurbishment, signalling, energy and communication systems and project integration. CAF will also have a 50% stake in the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines, which is expected to have a €1bn turnover.

Construction is expected begin later this year with the new extensions fully operational by 2025.

Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland) also submitted bids for the contract.

END OF ARTICLE 

”Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem”
URBAN TRANSPORT MAGAZINECAF-SAPHIR CONSORTIUM WINS JERUSALEM GEEN LINELIGHT RAIL TENDER

TEXT

The transport authority JTMT (Jerusalem Transportation Masterplan Team) has chosen the TransJerusalem J-Net Ltd consortium, consisting in the CAF Group and the construction firm Saphir, for the Jerusalem light rail project. The project value is 1.8 billion EUR.

The so-called Green line is a PPP (Private-Public Partnership) scheme and includes the construction of 20.6 kilometres of new track, 53 stations and a depot. Jerusalem opened its’ first light rail line, the red line in 2011. The new Green line uses the current Red Line on a stretch of 6.8 km. The contract also includes the design and supply of 114 low-floor Urbos trams (which will be operated as double-tractions) for the new Green Line and the refurbishment of the 46 units which are currently in service on the existing Red Line.

114 Urbos trams and 25 years of operation

The project scope of the consortium will also include the supply of the signalling, energy and communication systems, as well as the operation and maintenance of both lines for 15 and 25 years respectively, with the possibility of extending the term of operation. The CAF Group’s scope of this project exceeds 500 million EUR. The Group will also have a 50% stake in the company that will manage the operation and maintenance of both lines. The project is expected to be implemented this year with the new network fully operative by 2025.

The future network

The tram’s Red Line currently extends along 13.8 km with 23 stations distributed on the route, was inaugurated in 2011 and providing transport to over 145,000 passengers on average per day. The Green lines is expected to have a ridership of 200,000 passengers per day. It will link the two campuses of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and continue south via Pat junction to Gilo while using a common section with the Red line in the city centre until the terminus of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem railway station which was inaugurated in 2018.

Of the eight entities that participated in the preliminary stages, only two consortiums submitted bids in the final stage. The other consortium consisted in the companies Shikun & Binui and Egged (Israel), CRRC (China), Comsa (Spain), Efatec (Portugal) and MPK (Poland). Siemens, Alstom and Bombardier are reported to have left the tender process at an earlier stage. The companies did not officially withdraw from the process due to political reasons. Nevertheless, the light rail development in Jerusalem has been criticized in the past as both lines run through the disputed area of East Jerusalem. 

END OF ARTICLEBDS MOVEMENTCAF/GET OF ISRAEL’S APARTHEID TRAIN

https://bdsmovement.net/boycott-caf

[2]
”Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

ISRAEL: DISENGAGEMENT WILL NOT

END GAZA OCCUPATION

https://www.hrw.org/news/2004/10/28/israel-disengagement-will-not-end-gaza-occupation

TEXT

Israeli Government Still Holds Responsibility for Welfare of Civilians

The Israeli government’s plan to remove troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza Strip would not end Israel’s occupation of the territory. As an occupying power, Israel will retain responsibility for the welfare of Gaza’s civilian population.

Under the “disengagement” plan endorsed Tuesday by the Knesset, Israeli forces will keep control over Gaza’s borders, coastline and airspace, and will reserve the right to launch incursions at will. Israel will continue to wield overwhelming power over the territory’s economy and its access to trade.

“The removal of settlers and most military forces will not end Israel’s control over Gaza,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East and North Africa Division. “Israel plans to reconfigure its occupation of the territory, but it will remain an occupying power with responsibility for the welfare of the civilian population.”

Under the plan, Israel is scheduled to remove settlers and military bases protecting the settlers from the Gaza Strip and four isolated West Bank Jewish settlements by the end of 2005. The Israeli military will remain deployed on Gaza’s southern border, and will reposition its forces to other areas just outside the territory.

In addition to controlling the borders, coastline and airspace, Israel will continue to control Gaza’s telecommunications, water, electricity and sewage networks, as well as the flow of people and goods into and out of the territory. Gaza will also continue to use Israeli currency.

A World Bank study on the economic effects of the plan determined that “disengagement” would ease restrictions on mobility inside Gaza. But the study also warned that the removal of troops and settlers would have little positive effect unless accompanied by an opening of Gaza’s borders. If the borders are sealed to labor and trade, the plan “would create worse hardship than is seen today.”

The plan also explicitly envisions continued home demolitions by the Israeli military to expand the “buffer zone” along the Gaza-Egypt border. According to a report released last week by Human Rights Watch, the Israeli military has illegally razed nearly 1,600 homes since 2000 to create this buffer zone, displacing some 16,000 Palestinians. Israeli officials have called for the buffer zone to be doubled, which would result in the destruction of one-third of the Rafah refugee camp.

In addition, the plan states that disengagement “will serve to dispel the claims regarding Israel’s responsibility for the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.” A report by legal experts from the Israeli Justice Ministry, Foreign Ministry and the military made public on Sunday, however, reportedly acknowledges that disengagement “does not necessarily exempt Israel from responsibility in the evacuated territories.”

If Israel removes its troops from Gaza, the Palestinian National Authority will maintain responsibility for security within the territory—to the extent that Israel allows Palestinian police the authority and capacity. Palestinian security forces will still have a duty to protect civilians within Gaza and to prevent indiscriminate attacks on Israeli civilians.

“Under international law, the test for determining whether an occupation exists is effective control by a hostile army, not the positioning of troops,” Whitson said. “Whether the Israeli army is inside Gaza or redeployed around its periphery and restricting entrance and exit, it remains in control.”

Under international law, the duties of an occupying power are detailed in the Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations. According to The Hague Regulations, a “territory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army. The occupation extends only to the territory where such authority has been established and can be exercised.”

[3]

WIKIPEDIA

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY RESOLUTION 

242

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_242

[4]HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHRAIN OF FIRE: ISRAEL’S UNLAWFUL USE OF WHITE PHOSPHORUSIN GAZA
https://www.hrw.org/report/2009/03/25/rain-fire/israels-unlawful-use-white-phosphorus-gaza

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHKILLING OF PALESTINIAN CIVILIANS DURING OPERATIONCAST LEAD
https://www.hrw.org/report/2009/08/13/white-flag-deaths/killings-palestinian-civilians-during-operation-cast-lead

”(Jerusalem) – At least 18 Israeli airstrikes during the fighting in Gaza in November 2012 were in apparent violation of the laws of war, Human Rights Watch said today after a detailed investigation into the attacks. These airstrikes killed at least 43 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children.”
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCHISRAEL: GAZA AIRSTRIKES VIOLATED LAWS OFWAR
https://www.hrw.org/news/2013/02/12/israel-gaza-airstrikes-violated-laws-war

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALA YEAR FROM DEADLY ISRAEL/GAZA CONFLICT, THE NIGHTMARE CONTINUES
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2013/11/year-deadly-israelgaza-conflict-nightmare-continues/

[5]

” Article 7 Crimes against humanity 1. For the purpose of this Statute, “crime against humanity” means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack: (a) Murder; (b) Extermination; (c) Enslavement; (d) Deportation or forcible transfer of population;

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

https://www.icc-cpi.int/resource-library/Documents/RS-Eng.pdf

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

ILLEGAL DEMOLITION AND FORICLE

TRANSFER OF BEDOUIN VILLAGE AMOUNTS 

TO WAR CRIME

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/06/israel-illegal-demolition-and-forcible-transfer-of-palestinian-bedouin-village-amounts-to-war-crime/
[6]
ILLEGALITY OF THE SETTLEMENTS

”Israel’s policy of settling its civilians in occupied Palestinian territory and displacing the local population contravenes fundamental rules of international humanitarian law.

Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention states: “The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.” It also prohibits the “individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory”. 

The extensive appropriation of land and the appropriation and destruction of property required to build and expand settlements also breach other rules of international humanitarian law. Under the Hague Regulations of 1907, the public property of the occupied population (such as lands, forests and agricultural estates) is subject to the laws of usufruct. This means that an occupying state is only allowed a very limited use of this property. This limitation is derived from the notion that occupation is temporary, the core idea of the law of occupation. In the words of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the occupying power “has a duty to ensure the protection, security, and welfare of the people living under occupation and to guarantee that they can live as normal a life as possible, in accordance with their own laws, culture, and traditions.”

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

CHAPTER 3: ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL

LAW

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2019/01/chapter-3-israeli-settlements-and-international-law/

ARTICLE 49. 4TH GENEVA CONVENTION

ARTICLE 49 [ Link ]

Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
Nevertheless, the Occupying Power may undertake total or partial evacuation of a given area if the security of the population or imperative military reasons so demand. Such evacuations may not involve the displacement of protected persons outside the bounds of the occupied territory except when for material reasons it is impossible to avoid such displacement. Persons thus evacuated shall be transferred back to their homes as soon as hostilities in the area in question have ceased.
The Occupying Power undertaking such transfers or evacuations shall ensure, to the greatest practicable extent, that proper accommodation is provided to receive the protected persons, that the removals are effected in satisfactory conditions of hygiene, health, safety and nutrition, and that members of the same family are not separated.
The Protecting Power shall be informed of any transfers and evacuations as soon as they have taken place.
The Occupying Power shall not detain protected persons in an area particularly exposed to the dangers of war unless the security of the population or imperative military reasons so demand.
The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies. 

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/1a13044f3bbb5b8ec12563fb0066f226/523ba38706c71588c12563cd0042c407

THE HAGUE CONVENTION

ARTICLE 55

”Art. 55. The occupying State shall be regarded only as administrator and usufructuary of public buildings, real estate, forests, and agricultural estates belonging to the hostile State, and situated in the occupied country. It must safeguard the capital of these properties, and administer them in accordance with the rules of usufruct.

Treaties, States parties, and Commentaries – Hague Convention (IV) on War on Land and its Annexed Regulations, 1907 – –
Treaties, States parties, and Commentaries – Hague Convention (IV) on Wa…

[7]

BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLER VIOLENCE

https://www.btselem.org/topic/settler_violence

[8]

BTSELEM.ORG

ISRAELI SETTLERS STONE HOME IN BURIN, ESCORTED BY

SOLDIERS, WHO FIRE TEAR GAS AT RESIDENTS. CHILD FAINTS

FROM INHALATION

https://www.btselem.org/video/20201120_settlers_stone_homes_in_burin_and_soldiers_fire_tear_gas_at_residents#full

[9]

Definition of ’dixi’

dixiin British English

Latin (ˈdɪksɪ)EXCLAMATIONI have spoken
Dixi definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor Boycott Israel!/CAF transportsystem supports Israeli settlements and makes Blood Money!/Letter to CAF

Opgeslagen onder Divers