NOS berichtgeving weer eens in de fout/”Israelische militair gedood op Westelijke Jordaanoever” [NOS berichtgeving op Internet]

NOS BERICHTGEVING WEER EENS IN DE FOUT!/ISRAELISCHE MILITAIR GEDOOD OP WESTOEVER [NOS BERICHTGEVING OP INTERNET]

Image result for Destruction of Gaza/Images

MISDADEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTINGVERWOESTING VAN GAZA

BEZETTINGSTERREUR
foto Oda Hulsen Hebron 2 mei 2017/Verwijst naar [somswegvallende] foto van een Palestijnse jongen, die tegen de muur wordt gezet doorIsraelische soldaten, die hem toeriepen ”Where is your knife!”/Later vrijgelaten
Zie voor [soms wegvallende] foto, direct hierboven

Since late 2015, 249 Palestinians have been killed in Israel and the Palestinian territories [File: EPA]http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/palestinian-teen-killed-israeli-army-clashes-170116155810513.html

Image result for settlements/Images

BITTEREBIJPRODUCTEN VAN DE ISRAELISCHE BEZETTING

ISRAELISCHE NEDERZETTINGEN IN DE BEZETTE PALESTIJNSEGEBIEDENILLEGAAL VOLGENS HET INTERNATIONAAL RECHT

AANNOS REDACTIEOnderwerp:Uw berichtgeving dd 12 mei ”Israelische militair gedood op Westelijke Jordaanoever”

Geachte Redactie,
Ten eerste:Zoals u geheel onderin, onder het notenapparaat kunt zien, heb ik u reeds eerder aangeschreven over uw teletekstberichtgeving, ook dd 12 mei, over ditzelfde onderwerp, luidende ””Militair Israel gedood op Westoever”Er zitten echter nuanceringen in dat teletekstbericht en deze [op internet aanwezige] berichtgeving, vandaar dat ik u nu hierop aanspreek/schrijfUw internet berichtgeving onder noot 1
Een ding hebben beide berichtgevingen echter gemeen:Ze hellen niet alleen door de wijze van berichtgeving over naar pro-Israelisch, waarbij voor het Palestijnse gezichtspunt geen plaats is, ze zijn ook nog -en dat is welhaast erger- internationaalrechtelijk en politiek onjuist.Een ding moet ik u in deze berichtgeving echter WEL nageven:U refereert hier WEL aan het feit, dat de Westelijke Jordaanoever bezet gebied is, wat u in uw teleteksberichtgeving naliet te vermelden.Maar daar stopt mijn waardering, want ook hier laat u een paar lelijke steken vallen, waarover ik u in deze mail de oren ga wassen.LET DUS OP!

PALESTIJNSE SLACHTOFFERS?
Wat aan uw berichtgeving opvalt is, dat u weliswaar melding maakt van de gedode Israelische militair [getroffen door een steen], wat u ook hoort te doen als nieuwsmedium, maar geen melding maakt van drie in diezelfde week door het Israelische leger gedode Palestijnse burgers.Zie noot 2, waarin de cases voor u op een rijtje gezet zijn.Dit is een ernstig manco, in strijd met objectieve journalistieke berichtgeving en daardoor overhellend naar pro Israelisch.En kom mij niet aan met het verhaal, dat u het niet wist:Als ik als niet professionele journalist het kan weten, dan u ook.Bovendien krijgt u dagelijks alle mogelijke binnen en buitenlandse nieuwsberichten binnen, zoiets ontgaat je niet.
AANSLAG/TERRORISME?/LAAT ME NIET LACHEN!
Erger nog, en ik zeg dus niet voor niets, dat u overhelt naar pro Israel berichtgeving, is het feit, dat u de zaak van de gedode Israelische militair kennelijk als een ”aanslag” [en dat betekent ”terrorisme”]beschouwtIk citeer u [en dit zijn uw eigen woorden, los van uw citaat van de Israelische autoriteiten in de volgende alinea]
”De daders van de aanslag zijn nog spoorloos.” [3]Geachte Redactie, over welke ”aanslag” hebt u het eigenlijk?Niet alleen hoort u te weten, dat een Israelische militair als militair een ”combatant” is [lees het Internationaal Humanitair Oorlogsrecht er maar op na] [4], daarbij is de aanval op een combatant nooit een ”aanslag” [wat het terroristisch zou maken], omdat terrorisme in een adem genoemd wordt [en internationaal rechtelijk ook is], met aanslagen op BURGERS. [5]
En daarbij:Een Israelische militair is onderdeel van het Israelische bezettingsleger en internationaalrechtelijk-waarbij ook gewapend, verzet tegen een bezettingsmacht is gelegitimeerd- toegestaan.Gelooft u mij niet op mijn woord?Dat moet u ook niet doen, maar dat is een andere zaak bij  VN resoluties, want dit ”recht op verzet” is vastgelegd in VN Algemene Vergarderingsresolutie 3246 [1974] [6]
Behalve uw eigen opmerking over de zogenaamde ”aanslag” op die Israelische militair, citeert u nog de Israelische autoriteiten:Ik lees uw nieuwsbericht:
”Israëlische politici betuigden hun steun aan de familie van het 21-jarige slachtoffer en beloofden de daders te pakken. “De lange arm van Israël zal de terrorist bereiken en met hem afrekenen”, zei premier Netanyahu.” [7]
Nu is het prima, dat u dat Israelische gezichtspunt weergeeft-dat moet ook, want dat is nieuws-maar van uw kant had er wel een kritische kanttekening bij gemogen, dat de Israelische regering weliswaar spreekt van ”terrorisme” [zoals de VS, ook een bezetter, trouwens ook te pas en te onpas doet, maar dat is weer een andere zaak] [8], maar dat gewapende aanvallen op militairen, en zeker geen bezettingsmilitairen, bepaald niet terroristisch genoemd kunnen worden, volgens het Internationaal Recht en  de algemene definitie van terrorisme, zoals gehanteerd naar het Wetboek van Strafrecht. Bronnen heb ik u nu gegeven [9], maar dat had niet eens nodig moeten zijn.Uit uzelf had u dat, als redactie van een gerennommeerd nieuwsmedium, moeten vermelden.

EPILOOG
Het wordt hoog tijd dat u, wat het Midden-Oostenconflict betreft, niet alleen het gezichtspunt van Israel, maar ook de Palestijnse kant laat overheersen [ook hier hebt u kennelijk geen moeite gedaan om de motieven voor die militaire aanval op de Israelische militair te achterhalen], dat u niet kritiekloos de verklaringen van de Israelische autoriteiten vermeldt en dat u zelf in uw berichtgeving ”terrorisme” noemt, wat ook ”terrorisme” is
Ik en vele anderen zijn al jaren bezig, u daarop te wijzen.Het wordt tijd, dat u dit eindelijk ter harte neemt.
Vriendelijke groetenAstrid EssedAmsterdam 

NOTEN
[1]
NOSISRAELISCHE MILITAIR GEDOOD OP WESTELIJKE JORDAANOEVER12 MEI 2020

https://nos.nl/artikel/2333605-israelische-militair-gedood-op-westelijke-jordaanoever.html

TEKST

Een Israëlische militair is vanochtend gedood op de Westelijke Jordaanoever. Hij werd geraakt door een steen die vanaf een gebouw naar beneden gegooid werd, meldt het Israëlische leger.

Het incident gebeurde in een dorp bij de Palestijnse stad Jenin, in het noorden van de bezette Westoever. Het Israëlische leger was daar naar eigen zeggen voor de arrestatie van vier verdachten. De daders van de aanslag zijn nog spoorloos.

Israëlische politici betuigden hun steun aan de familie van het 21-jarige slachtoffer en beloofden de daders te pakken. “De lange arm van Israël zal de terrorist bereiken en met hem afrekenen”, zei premier Netanyahu.

Mogelijke escalatie

Het komt niet zo vaak voor dat Israëlische militairen omkomen door Palestijns geweld, zegt correspondent Ties Brock. “Voor het laatst gebeurde dat in augustus. Dit is dus vrij uitzonderlijk, en mogelijk leidt het tot een escalatie.”

Dit jaar werden al wel meer dan tien Palestijnen gedood door Israëlische veiligheidstroepen. De meesten van hen stierven bij pogingen tot aanslagen of bij botsingen met het Israëlische leger.

EINDE TEKST NOS BERICHT 

[2]

PALESTIJNEN, GEDOOD DOOR HET ISRAELISCHE LEGER
BERICHT/1
THE ELECTRONIC INTIFADAISRAEL KILLS CHILD IN WESTBANK13 MAY 2020

https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/tamara-nassar/israel-kills-child-west-bank

Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child during a raid on Fawwar refugee camp southwest of the occupied West Bank city of Hebron early Wednesday.

Zaid Fadil Qaisiya, 17, was sitting on the roof of his family home when Israeli forces shot him in the head with live ammunition.

He died from his wounds shortly after.

Zaid’s younger brother said he was with him when he was shot.

“We heard the sound of a stun grenade, so we went up to the roof to see what happened,” the brother said in a video circulated on Twitter.

“We went upstairs and saw the army. I was standing behind a water tank and he was next to me. I heard the sound of gunshots, I looked at him and he was lying on the ground.”

When asked where Zaid was shot, his brother pointed under his eye.

Four other Palestinians in the camp were injured by live ammunition, according to the Palestinian Authority health ministry, as Israeli occupation forces fired live rounds into crowds of Palestinians.

Local media circulated pictures of Zaid following his death:

Thousands attended the boy’s funeral on Wednesday:

Vowing vengeance

Zaid’s killing comes one day after an Israeli soldier died when a stone was dropped on his head during a dawn raid in the occupied West Bank town of Yabed, near Jenin.

Israeli leaders vowed vengeance in the wake of the soldier’s death, which typically amounts to the extrajudicial execution of an accused person, and collective punishment of their community and family, including arrests and revenge home demolitions.

Israel is delivering on its threats.

Israeli forces have closed off the town of Yabed for the second day, and arrested 11 members of the same family.

Israel arrested 22 Palestinians across the occupied West Bank, and wounded six in Yabed overnight.

Anti-Palestinian vandalism

Meanwhile, Israeli settlers threatened more violence.

Walls were vandalized with Hebrew graffiti on Wednesday in the West Bank village of Bilin, near Ramallah.

Among the anti-Palestinian slogans were, “I do not sleep when blood has been spilled here,” and, “The lives of our soldiers come before the lives of the enemy.”

The graffiti also included the Star of David.

This kind of vandalism is often called a “price tag” – a term Israeli settlers and extremists use to describe sometimes lethal attacks on non-Jews and their property, especially Palestinians.

Editor’s note: This article originally reported Zaid Fadil Qaisiya’s age to have been 15, citing initial reports. Zaid was 17 years old when he was killed, Defense for International Palestine confirmed on Thursday.
EINDE NIEUWSBERICHT 

NIEUW BERICHT/2
PALESTINIAN CHRONICLEYOUNG PALESTINIAN MAN KILLED BY ISRAELI FORCES IN FRONT OF HIS MOTHER13 MAY 2020
https://www.palestinechronicle.com/young-palestinian-man-killed-by-israeli-forces-in-front-of-his-mother-video/

A Palestinian man was reportedly killed on Wednesday by Israeli forces at the Sheba medical center, near the Israeli city of Tel Aviv.

Mostafa Yunis, 26, was shot in the parking lot of the medical center, while accompanied by his mother. The Palestinian family comes from the village of Wadi Ara, in the Haifa district.Eyewitnesses reported that the shooting followed an altercation regarding the fact that Yunis wasn’t wearing a protective face mask.

The Israeli police claimed that Yunis attempted to stab a security guard, although videos from the scene show Israeli officers shooting the Palestinian man while lying on the ground.The Israeli newspaper, The Jerusalem Post, reported that “Yunis’s brother said that he suffered from mental health issues.”

EINDE NIEUWSBERICHT
NIEUW BERICHT/3

THE ELECTRONIC INTIFADAPALESTINIANS KILLED IN WESTBANK AND TEL AVIV14 MAY 2020
https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/maureen-clare-murphy/palestinians-killed-west-bank-and-tel-aviv

Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian near the entrance of the Hebron-area town of Beit Awwa in the southern West Bank on Thursday.

The Israeli military claimed the Palestinian had attacked soldiers with his car before he was shot.

A soldier was reportedly in “moderate to serious condition after being hit,” Israeli media reported.The slain Palestinian was identified as Baha al-Awawda:

A cousin of al-Awawda told media that his relative had been killed “in cold blood” and that Israel had detained the slain man’s father. Israel is also withholding al-Awawda’s body, the cousin said.

Several Palestinians have been killed in recent years in what Israel claimed were car-ramming attacks, only to be contradicted by human rights groups that investigated the incidents.

Thursday’s killing comes after a Palestinian boy died after being shot in the head by soldiers during a raid on a Hebron-area refugee camp early Wednesday.

Israeli leaders had called for vengeance after a soldier was killed by a stone that was dropped on his head during a raid on a Palestinian town in the northern West Bank on Tuesday.Suspected Israeli settlers infiltrated a Palestinian village near Ramallah, the seat of the Palestinian Authority, overnight Wednesday and left graffiti threatening more violence:

Hospital guards kill Palestinian

Private security guards shot a Palestinian citizen of Israel as he lay on the ground, killing him, outside Sheba Medical Center near Tel Aviv on Wednesday.A six-second video clip shows part of the incident:

At the beginning of the clip, a man lying on the ground appears to stab a man in plain clothes who has pinned him down. At that point, another man in plain clothes and two others wearing high-visibility vests open fire towards the prone man several times at close range.

The slain man was identified as Mustafa Mahmoud Younis, 26. Another man, presumably the man who is seen being stabbed in the video clip, was injured lightly during the incident, according to Israeli media.

Younis’ father told media that his son was at the hospital for a psychotherapy session and was undergoing treatment for epilepsy.

Younis pulled out a knife in self-defense after he was jumped by multiple security guards, his uncle told media.

Adalah, a group that advocates for the rights of Palestinians in Israel, said there “was no justification for the use of live gunfire” against Younis.“We see this case as a direct result of Israel’s ongoing failure to conduct serious, effective, and independent criminal investigations into similar past cases of Israeli police killings of Arabs,” Adalah added.

Palestinians on both sides of the Green Line dividing the West Bank and Israel have been killed by security guards.

A Palestinian woman was slain by guards at a West Bank checkpoint last year after she drew a knife from her sleeve. The woman was several meters away from the guards when they opened fire on her.

“Well-armed, heavily defended security personnel use lethal fire not as a last resort (if it is at all necessary), but as the go-to response, even when a knife attack could clearly be averted with less injurious means,” B’Tselem, an Israeli human rights group, stated at the time.

“This trigger-happy policy, which is encouraged by government ministers, members of Knesset and senior defense and law-enforcement officials, is still in place after dozens of people have been killed.”

Lawmakers in the Joint List coalition primarily made up of parties representing Palestinians in Israel called on the country’s attorney general to investigate Younis’ killing.

The members of parliament said that his slaying is “the result of racist, anti-Arab policy.”

The Jerusalem Post, a right-wing Israeli publication, said that Younis was killed “after he stabbed a security guard during an altercation about his lack of wearing a protective face mask. Israel Police reported that the stabbing is a criminal incident.”Israeli police used various crowd control weapons to disperse Palestinians in Israel who protested Younis’ killing on Thursday:

The fatal shooting of Younis comes a week after police killed Salama Abu Kaf in southern Israel after the man allegedly attempted to steal a car.The slain man’s family said that Abu Kaf “was killed in cold blood because he’s an Arab.”
EINDE NIEUWSBERICHTEN 

[3]

”De daders van de aanslag zijn nog spoorloos. ”

NOSISRAELISCHE MILITAIR GEDOOD OP WESTELIJKE JORDAANOEVER12 MEI 2020

https://nos.nl/artikel/2333605-israelische-militair-gedood-op-westelijke-jordaanoever.html

[4]

BASIC RULES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW IN ARMED CONFLICTS 
https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/misc/basic-rules-ihl-311288.htm

 The seven fundamental rules which are the basis of the Geneva Conventions and the Additional Protocols.  

 
 1 – Persons hors de combat and those who do not take a direct part in hostilities are entitled to respect for their

lives and their moral and physical integrity. They shall in all circumstances be protected and treated humanely

without any adverse distinction.

 2 – It is forbidden to kill or injure an enemy who surrenders or who is hors de combat .

 3 – The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for by the party to the conflict which has them in its power.

Protection also covers medical personnel, establishments, transports and equipment. The emblem of the red

cross or the red crescent is the sign of such protection and must be respected.

 4 – Captured combatants and civilians under the authority of an adverse party are entitled to respect for their lives,dignity, personal rights and convictions. They shall be protected against all acts of violence and reprisals. They shall have the right to correspond with their families and to receive relief.

 5 – Everyone shall be entitled to benefit from fundamental judicial guarantees. No one shall be held responsible for an act he has not committed. No one shall be subjected to physical or mental torture, corporal punishment or cruel or degrading treatment.

 6 – Parties to a conflict and members of their armed forces do not have an unlimited choice of methods and means of warfare. It is prohibited to employ weapons or methods of warfare of a nature to cause unnecessary losses or excessive suffering.

 7 – Parties to a conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants in order to

spare civilian population and property. Neither the civilian population as such nor civilian persons shall be theobject of attack. Attacks shall be directed solely against military objectives. 

DICTIONARY CAMBRIDGECOMBATANT

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/combatant

person who fights in a war

[5]

TERRORISME GAAT OVER BURGERS, NIET MILITAIREN
ZIE ARTIKEL 83,A, WETBOEK VAN STRAFRECHT
http://www.wetboek-online.nl/wet/Wetboek%20van%20Strafrecht/83a.html

Artikel 83aOnder terroristisch oogmerk wordt verstaan het oogmerk om de bevolking of een deel der bevolking van een land ernstige vrees aan te jagen, dan wel een overheid of internationale organisatie wederrechtelijk te dwingen iets te doen, niet te doen of te dulden, dan wel de fundamentele politieke, constitutionele, economische of sociale structuren van een land of een internationale organisatie ernstig te ontwrichten of te vernietigen.

[6]

‘ 3. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the peoples’ struggle for liberation form colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation by all available means, including armed struggle; ” 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 324629 NOVEMBER 1974

https://unispal.un.org/DPA/DPR/unispal.nsf/0/C867EE1DBF29A6E5852568C6006B2F0C

Recognizing the imperative need to put an early end to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation,
1. Reaffirms the inalienable right of all peoples under colonial rule, foreign domination and alien subjugation to self-determination, freedom and independence in conformity with General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

2. Renews its call to all States to recognize the right to self-determination and independence of all peoples subject to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation and to offer them moral, material and other forms of assistance in their struggle to exercise fully their inalienable right to self-determination and independence;

3. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the peoples’ struggle for liberation form colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation by all available means, including armed struggle;

GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 324629 NOVEMBER 1974
https://unispal.un.org/DPA/DPR/unispal.nsf/0/C867EE1DBF29A6E5852568C6006B2F0C

3246.(XXIX)) Importance of the universal realization of the right of peoples to self determination and of the speedy granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples for the effective guarantee and observance of human rights

The General Assembly,

Reaffirming its faith in resolution 11514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, and resolution 2621 (XXV) of 12 October 1970, containing the programme of action for the full implementation of that Declaration,

Recalling, inter alia, its resolutions 2588 B (XXIV) of 15 December 1969, 2787 (XXVI) of 6 December (XXXVII) of 13 December 1972, 2963 E 2 November 1973 and 3070 (XVIII) of 30 November 1973, and the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,

Noting with appreciation the reports of the Secretary-General, 1/

Noting with satisfaction the assurances given by the Government of Portugal that it will fulfil its obligations under the Charter of the United Nations and comply with United Nations resolutions relevant to the right of the peoples under Portuguese administration to self-determination and independence,

Indignant at the continued repression and the inhuman and degrading treatment inflicted on peoples still under colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation, especially on individuals detained or imprisoned as a result of their struggle for self-determination and independence,

Reaffirming that the independence of Southern Rhodesia should not be negotiated with the illegal regime but with the authentic and recognized representatives of the Rhodesian people,

Mindful of its responsibility to evolve all possible measures which will enable oppressed peoples to attain independence and self-determination, and in this regard deploring the obstructive attitude of certain Member states,

Recognizing the imperative need to put an early end to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation,

1. Reaffirms the inalienable right of all peoples under colonial rule, foreign domination and alien subjugation to self-determination, freedom and independence in conformity with General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

2. Renews its call to all States to recognize the right to self-determination and independence of all peoples subject to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation and to offer them moral, material and other forms of assistance in their struggle to exercise fully their inalienable right to self-determination and independence;

3. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the peoples’ struggle for liberation form colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation by all available means, including armed struggle;

4. Demands full respect for the basic human rights of all individuals detained or imprisoned as a result of their struggle for self-determination and independence, and strict respect for article 5 of the Universals declaration of Human Rights under which no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and their immediate release;

5. Welcomes the recognition by the Government of Portugal of the right of all the peoples under its colonial administration to self-determination and independence, and the initiatives already taken in this regard;

6. Urges the Government of Portugal to continue to ensure that the process of decolonizations, which will enable peoples still under its colonial administration to achieve self-determination and independence, is accomplished without delay;

7. Strongly condemns all Governments which do not recognize the right to self-determination and independence of peoples under colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation, notably the peoples of Africa and the Palestinian people;

8. Further strongly condemns the policies of those members of the Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization and those countries whose military, economic, sporting or political relations with the racist regimes of southern Africa and elsewhere encourage these regimes to persist in their suppression of the aspirations of peoples for self-determination and independence;

9. Calls upon those countries to reconsider their policies and to sever all links with the racist regimes of south Africa and Southern Rhodesia;

10. Renews its appreciation to Governments, United Nations agencies and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations for their efforts in extending various forms of assistance to peoples in dependent Territories and appeals to them to increase such assistance;

11. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to assist the specialized agencies and other organizations within the United Nations system in working out measures for the provision of increased international assistance to the peoples of colonial Territories;

12. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the implementation of the present resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth session.

2303rd plenary meeting
29 November 1974

[7]

”Israëlische politici betuigden hun steun aan de familie van het 21-jarige slachtoffer en beloofden de daders te pakken. “De lange arm van Israël zal de terrorist bereiken en met hem afrekenen”, zei premier Netanyahu.” 

NOSISRAELISCHE MILITAIR GEDOOD OP WESTELIJKE JORDAANOEVER12 MEI 2020

https://nos.nl/artikel/2333605-israelische-militair-gedood-op-westelijke-jordaanoever.html

[8]

THE WASHINGTON POST

PENSACOLA SHOOTING WAS AN ACT OF TERRORISM, ATTORNEY GENERAL SAYS

14 JANUARY 2020

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/pensacola-shooting-was-an-act-of-terrorism-attorney-general-says/2020/01/13/34dbed8e-3629-11ea-bf30-ad313e4ec754_story.html

Attorney General William P. Barr said Monday that the December shooting that killed three U.S. sailors on a Florida base was an act of terrorism, as officials revealed harrowing new details about the 15-minute rampage and publicly called out Apple Inc. to help them unlock the killer’s phones.

At a news conference to discuss the results of the FBI’s investigation into the shooting at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Barr said investigators had found evidence that Ahmed Mohammed al-Shamrani, a Royal Saudi Air Force member training at the base, was motivated by “jihadist ideology” and had posted anti-American messages on social media about two hours before his attack.

FBI Deputy Director David Bowdich said that during the attack, Shamrani fired shots at pictures of President Trump and a past U.S. president, and witnesses at the scene said he made statements critical of American military actions overseas. Bowdich said that while Shamrani did not seem to be inspired by one specific terrorist group, he harbored anti-American and anti-Israeli views and felt “violence was necessary.” Bowdich said the gunman’s social media comments echoed those of Anwar al-Awlaki, a radical Yemeni American cleric tied to the terrorist group al-Qaeda who was killed in a drone strike in 2011.  

Monday’s announcement offered the most definitive account of the gunman’s actions and thinking. Bowdich said investigators had interviewed more than 500 people — including witnesses, base personnel and friends and classmates of the shooter — and collected more than 42 terabytes of digital information.  

But investigators have been stymied in trying to access two key pieces of evidence — the gunman’s iPhones. Standing before giant photographs of two severely damaged devices, the attorney general publicly urged Apple to act.

“So far, Apple has not given us any substantive assistance,” Barr said, though aides later clarified that Apple had, in fact, given investigators access to cloud data linked to the gunman. “This situation perfectly illustrates why it is critical that investigators be able to get access to digital evidence once they have obtained a court order.”

Barr did not say whether the Justice Department would seek a court order to force Apple’s compliance. The department filed legal papers on a similar case in 2016, but the issue was never resolved by a higher court.

Officials said Shamrani intentionally fired a round into one of the phones during his rampage.

In a lengthy statement, Apple disputed the attorney general’s description of its role, saying the company began responding within hours of the first FBI request on Dec. 6 and has turned over “many gigabytes” of data in the case.

“Our responses to their many requests since the attack have been timely, thorough and are ongoing,” the company said. “The FBI only notified us on January 6th that they needed additional assistance — a month after the attack occurred. . . . Early outreach is critical to accessing information and finding additional options.”

ACLU lawyer Jennifer Granick said the government’s demand to Apple “would weaken the security of millions of iPhones, and is dangerous and unconstitutional. . . . There is simply no way for Apple, or any other company, to provide the FBI access to encrypted communications without also providing it to authoritarian foreign governments and weakening our defenses against criminals and hackers.”

Even without the phone data, investigators were able to review Shamrani’s social media postings, which were critical to the officials’ determination.

In declaring the incident terrorism, Barr noted that on Sept. 11, Shamrani posted a message on social media saying, “The countdown has begun.” Over the Thanksgiving weekend, Barr said, Shamrani visited the memorial in New York City to those killed in the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Fifteen of the 19 hijackers who carried out those attacks were Saudis.  

Barr said that while it was initially reported that Shamrani arrived to the shooting with others, who filmed it, those accounts turned out to be incorrect. The shooter, he said, arrived alone, though other cadets who happened to be in the area did film the ensuing commotion.

Bowdich said the incident lasted about 15 minutes, with authorities intervening to stop the attack after about eight minutes. Barr singled out sailor Ryan Blackwell, who he said — despite having been shot five times — jumped on top of a fellow service member to prevent her from being shot and helped others get to safety.

The gunman, who used a semiautomatic handgun he purchased legally via an exception that allows non-U.S. citizens with hunting licenses to do so, was fatally shot by a sheriff’s deputy.

Bowdich said investigators had not found evidence that the shooter acted with anyone else — though officials said they had uncovered troubling conduct by other Saudi military members training in the United States. Justice Department officials, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss the diplomatically sensitive matter, said that while officials were confident Shamrani had no U.S.-based co-conspirator, they were still interested in potential interactions he might have had with those in Saudi Arabia.

Barr said investigators had found evidence that 17 Saudis had through social media shared ­jihadist or anti-American material and 15 — including some of those who had shared anti-American material — were found to have had contact with or possessed child pornography.  

Barr said only one of those people had a “significant number” of images, and U.S. attorneys had reviewed each case and determined such people would not normally be charged with federal crimes. He said 21 cadets from Saudi Arabia had been disenrolled from their training and would be returning to the kingdom later Monday. Justice Department officials said 12 were from the Pensacola base, and nine were from other military bases.

U.S.-Saudi relations remain strained after the 2018 killing of Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi journalist and Washington Post columnist — in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul by men allegedly with close ties to the highest levels of the Saudi government.

Justice Department officials said they had received an unprecedented level of cooperation from the Saudi government in the Pensacola case.

In a statement, the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia said: “The disturbed and radicalized individual who carried out this terrible attack

acted alone. He does not represent the hundreds of thousands of Saudis who have lived, studied and trained in the United States over the past several decades, nor does his heinous act represent the values of Saudi Arabia. . . . Saudi Arabia will continue to cooperate with US authorities should they require additional information.”

Barr said the cadets’ anti-American posts were “not enough” to constitute a violation of law. There was no evidence they were affiliated with terrorist activity or a particular group, he said, and U.S. attorneys had independently determined the child porn did not warrant charges. Justice Department officials said the most significant case involved a cadet who possessed more than 100 images of child porn and had searched terms for child porn, according to his browser history — but even that fell below the normal threshold for a case deemed worthy of prosecution by a U.S. attorney’s office.

Barr stressed the importance of military partnerships, such as the one that allowed the Saudi cadets to train in the United States, and said the Saudi government had been cooperative. But he said more vetting of prospective trainees was needed.  

I think we’ve identified that vetting should be improved,” Barr said.

The Justice Department announcement appeared to settle many of the questions surrounding the Pensacola attack, while leaving one large issue unresolved — the potential battle over the dead killer’s phones.

The FBI’s top lawyer, Dana Boente, sent a letter to Apple last week asking for the company’s help to open the two iPhones.

For years, Apple has resisted any efforts to alter the encryption on its phones to make it possible for the company to give government investigators access to the data on such phones, saying that doing so would weaken the security of all its customers’ devices.

“Even though the shooter is dead, the FBI, out of an abundance of caution, has secured court authorization to search the contents of the phones in order to exhaust all leads in this high priority national security investigation,” Boente wrote to the company.

“Unfortunately, FBI has been unable to access the contents of the phones,” the letter said, even after asking private technology experts whether they could help agents crack them. “None of those reachouts has shown us a path forward.”

Asked Monday whether the FBI’s technical experts on cellphones had agreed with the decision to send the letter pressing Apple to open the phones, an FBI spokesperson said the bureau’s “technical experts — as well as those consulted outside of the organization — have played an integral role in this investigation. The consensus was reached, after all efforts to access the shooter’s phones had been unsuccessful, that the next step was to reach out to start a conversation with Apple.”

Apple and other companies have said that encryption on phones is an important safeguard protecting millions of consumers against hackers and other criminals.

The courts have yet to rule on whether companies such as Apple can be forced to change their business practices to give law enforcement agents access to phones and other devices.

[9]

ZIE NOTEN 4 EN 5

EINDE NOTENAPPARAAT

EERDERE MAIL AAN U DD 12 MEI 2020

Van: Astrid Essed 
Verzonden: dinsdag 12 mei 2020 18:00
Aan: reacties@nos.nlnosbinnenland@nos.nlnosbuitenland@nos.nl
Onderwerp: Uw berichtgeving dd 12 mei ””Militair Israel gedood op Westoever”

AAN

NOS TELETEKSTREDACTIE

Onderwerp:

Uw berichtgeving dd 12 mei ”Militair Israel gedood op Westoever”

Geachte Redactie,

En daar ben ik dan weer!

Want het is, zoals u geheel onderin in  P/S aan eerdere correspondentie met u  kunt lezen, de zoveelste keer, dat ik u moet terugfluiten in verband met onjuiste of tendentieuze berichtgeving over het Midden-Oostenconflict!

Deze keer betreft het uw berichtgeving dd 12 mei anno Domini 2020, getiteld:

””Militair Israel gedood op Westoever”

Uw directe teletekstbericht direct onder noot 1

In uw berichtgeving vermeldt u, dat vanochtend [ik neem dus aan, op 12 mei] een Israelische militair is gedood door een steen, die naar beneden werd gegooid in een dorp bij de Palestijnse stad Jenin.

Na de voor de Israelische politici gebruikelijke reactie [dader zal worden gestraft, etc], vermeldt u, dat in augustus vorig jaar voor het laatst een Israelische militair omkwam door [ik citeer u] ”Palestijns geweld” en dat dit jaar zeker tien Palestijnen omkwamen door Israelisch geweld [ik citteer u weer] ”veelal bij een aanslagpoging”

Einde van uw berichtgeving.

GENUANCEERDE BERICHTGEVING?/NEEN

Zo op het eerste gezicht lijkt uw berichtgeving redelijk genuanceerd:

U vermeldt, naast de berichtgeving, zowel een voorbeeld van ”Palestijns geweld”, maar noemt ook een voorbeeld van ”Israelisch geweld”

Dat dit in werkelijkheid helemaal niet zo genuanceerd is, daarover zometeen.

Maar eerst het volgende

A

WESTELIJKE JORDAANOEVER

U schrijft in de eerste alinea, eerste zin:

”Een Israelische militair is vanochtend gedood op de Westelijke Jordaanoever.

En daar gaat het al helemaal mis.

Want de Westelijke Jordaanoever is geen op zichzelf staande landstreek, het is, samen met Oost Jeruzalem en Gaza [2], reeds 53 jaar lang door Israel bezet gebied, dat Israel, ondanks VN Veiligheidsraadsresolutie 242 [3] en vele daarop volgende VN Resoluties, weigert te verlaten.

En dat is nu precies cruciaal voor al wat daar gebeurt.

Dat impliceert namelijk, dat de aldaar aanwezige Israelische militair, die is gedood door de naar beneden gegooide steen, niet alleen combatant is [4], die in een oorlog [want dat is het tenslotte] een legitiem doelwit is [5], ongeacht wat hij aldaar kwam doen, maar dat hij eveneens onderdeel is van een bezettingsleger, waartegen men gerechtigd is, zich te verzetten! 

Lees er de VN Algemene Vergaderingsresolutie 3246 [1974] maar op na, als u mij niet gelooft! [6]

Nu hoeft u dat niet allemaal in een teletekstbericht te vermelden, maar WEL eis ik van u, dat wanneer u de Westelijke Jordaanoever, Oost-Jeruzalem of Gaza [ook nog bezet gebied, ja, noot 7] vermeldt, dat u erbij schrijft, dat het om bezette gebieden gaat.

Dat is juiste en correcte journalistiek, de volledige feiten vermelden!

B

”PALESTIJNS GEWELD” EN ”ISRAELISCH GEWELD”

”In augustus kwam voor het laatst een Israelische militair om door geweld van Palestijnse kant.

Door Israelisch geweld kwamen dit jaar zeker tien Palestijnen om, veelal bij een aanslagpoging.”

Zoals ik reeds opmerkte, lijkt het genuanceerd, dat u in uw laatste alinea zowel refereert aan Palestijns als aan Israelisch geweld.

In ieder geval is dat al een stuk beter [hebben al mijn mails aan u dan toch meer zin gehad dan ik dacht, hahaha] dan uw berichtgeving van een aantal jaren geleden, toen door u, bewust of niet, de indruk werd gewekt, dat ”geweld” bijna synoniem was met ”Palestijnen” en dat Israel alleen optrad uit zelfverdediging.

Terwijl dat nu juist de waarheid, omgekeerd is.

Het is de bezette bevolking, die handelt uit zelfverdediging tegen de gruwelen van een bezetting. [7]

Aan de ene kant dus genuanceerder, die berichtgeving van u.

Aan de andere kant maakt u nu juist weer de fout waarop ik jaar in, jaar uit op wees:

”Palestijns geweld’ en ”Israelisch geweld” kan NIET op een lijn gesteld worden.

Het ene is het verzet van een bezette bevolking en haar organisaties tegen een bezettende macht, het andere is het geweld van een bezetter tegen een bezette bevolking!

Dat betekent nadrukkelijk niet, dat iedere vorm van Palestijns verzet onder alle omstandigheden gerechtvaardigd is.

Verzet tegen het leger [of legerdoelen] van een bezettende macht is gelegitimeerd, maar geen gewapend geweld tegen burgers.

TENZIJ, zoals zich wel vaker voordoet, die burgers, bijvoorbeeld de kolonisten, bewoners van de illegale nederzettingen [8], samen met het leger opereren. [9]

TENSLOTTE

Uw berichtgeving over het Midden-Oostenconflict is weliswaar minder feitelijk onjuist, tendentieus en vaak Israel partijdig als enkele jaren geleden, maar er is nog veel aan te verbeteren, zoals ik u in bovenstaande heb aangetoond.

Ik hoop dan ook, dat u hieruit lering/informatie trekt en de twee Bokken, die u hier geschoten hebt, bij volgende berichtgeving niet meer laat voorkomen.

Ik blijf u volgen en zal zeker weer van mij laten horen, als uw berichtgeving mij niet aanstaat.

Juist in het Midden-Oostenconflict met zijn 53 jaar durende bezetting en al zijn gruwelen en niet te vergeten de landdiefstal in de vorm van genoemde illegale nederzettingen, is een goede en informatief juiste berichtgeving van het grootste belang.

Vriendelijke groeten

Astrid Essed

Amsterdam 

NOTEN

[1]

ORIGINELE NOS TELETEKSTBERICHT

NOS TELETEKSTBERICHT

12 MEI 2020

MILITAIR ISRAEL GEDOOD OP WESTOEVER

https://teletekst-data.nos.nl/webplus?p=127
     NOS Teletekst 127 
127 - NOS Teletekst
  
127 – NOS Teletekst
  
  
  
 ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
    Militair Israël gedood op Westoever 
                                        
 ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
 / Een Israëlische militair is vanmorgen
 gedood op de Westelijke Jordaanoever.  
 Hij werd geraakt door een steen die    
 vanaf een gebouw naar beneden gegooid  
 werd in een dorp bij de Palestijnse    
 stad Jenin.                            
                                        
 Naar eigen zeggen was het leger daar   
 voor de arrestatie van vier verdachten.
 Israëlische politici betuigen hun steun
 aan de familie van het slachtoffer (21)
 en beloven de dader te pakken.         
                                        
 In augustus kwam voor het laatst een   
 Israëlische militair om door geweld van
 Palestijnse kant.Door Israëlisch geweld
 kwamen dit jaar zeker tien Palestijnen 
 om,veelal bij een aanslagpoging.

EINDE ORIGINELE NOS TELETEKSTBERICHT


NOS TELETEKST [TRANSCRIPTIE TEKST]

MILITAIR ISRAEL GEDOOD OP WESTOEVER

12 MEI 2020

Een Israelische militair is vanochtend gedood op de Westelijke Jordaanoever.

Hij werd geraakt door een steen, die vanaf een gebouw naar beneden gegooid werd in een dorp bij de Palestijnse stad Jenin.

Naar eigen zeggen was het leger daar voor de arrestatie van vier verdachten.

Israelische politici betuigen hun steun aan de familie van het slachtoffer [21] en beloven de dader te pakken.

In augustus kwam voor het laatst een Israelische militair om door geweld van Palestijnse kant.

Door Israelisch geweld kwamen dit jaar zeker tien Palestijnen om, veelal bij een aanslagpoging.

EINDE NOS TELETEKSTBERICHT

[2]

”Yes, Palestinians living in Gaza and East Jerusalem are fully entitled to respect of the rights they have under international human rights law, and the protections due to them as residents of occupied territory.”

”Despite dismantling its military government in the Gaza Strip and withdrawing its settler population from there in 2005, Israel continues to exercise significant control over the 2 million Palestinians living in Gaza and therefore continues to have obligations toward them under the law of occupation and must respect their rights.”

Israel also has obligations under the law of occupation to Palestinians in East Jerusalem and must respect their rights and freedoms, despite its annexation of the territory in 1967 in a unilateral move that was not recognized by the international community and does not alter its status as occupied under international law.  

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

4

ARE THE REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS APPLICABLE TO THE GAZA STRIP AND EAST JERUSALEM?

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/12/17/qa-born-without-civil-rights#_Are_the_report

FULL REPORT

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

Q & A: BORN WITHOUT CIVIL RIGHTS

17 DECEMBER 2019

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/12/17/qa-born-without-civil-rights

 THE GAZA STRIP  REMAINS OCCUPIED TERRITORY EVEN IMPLEMENTATION

        OF THE “DISENGAGEMENT” PLAN

A.   Israel Will Retain Effective Control over the Gaza Strip and Will Therefore Remain
      the Occupying Power

Under the “Disengagement” Plan, Gazans will still be subjected to the effective control of the Israeli military. Although Israel will supposedly remove its permanent military presence, Israeli forces will retain the ability and right to enter the Gaza Strip at will.[28] 

Further, Israel will retain control over Gaza’s airspace, sea shore, and borders.[29]  Under the Plan, Israel will unilaterally control whether or not Gaza opens a seaport or an airport. Additionally, Israel will control all border crossings, including Gaza’s border with Egypt.[30]  And Israel will “continue its military activity along the Gaza Strip’s coastline.”[31]  Taken together, these powers mean that all goods and people entering or leaving Gaza will be subject to Israeli control.  

Finally, Israel will prevent Gazans from engaging in international relations.[32]  Accordingly, if it enacts the “Disengagement” Plan as envisaged, Israel will effectively control Gaza—administratively and militarily.[33] Therefore, Israel will remain the Occupying Power of the Gaza Strip.”

UNITED NATIONS

THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE

https://www.un.org/unispal/document/auto-insert-205755/

[3]

WIKIPEDIA

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY RESOLUTION 242

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_242

ORIGINELE BRON

https://undocs.org/S/RES/242(1967)

[4]

7 – Parties to a conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants in order to

spare civilian population and property. Neither the civilian population as such nor civilian persons shall be the

object of attack. Attacks shall be directed solely against military objectives.

BASIC RULES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW IN ARMED CONFLICTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/misc/basic-rules-ihl-311288.htm

[5]

7 – Parties to a conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants in order to

spare civilian population and property. Neither the civilian population as such nor civilian persons shall be the

object of attack. Attacks shall be directed solely against military objectives.

BASIC RULES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW IN ARMED CONFLICTS

https://www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/misc/basic-rules-ihl-311288.htm

[6]

Recognizing the imperative need to put an early end to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation,


1. Reaffirms the inalienable right of all peoples under colonial rule, foreign domination and alien subjugation to self-determination, freedom and independence in conformity with General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

2. Renews its call to all States to recognize the right to self-determination and independence of all peoples subject to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation and to offer them moral, material and other forms of assistance in their struggle to exercise fully their inalienable right to self-determination and independence;

3. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the peoples’ struggle for liberation form colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation by all available means, including armed struggle;

GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 3246

29 NOVEMBER 1974

https://unispal.un.org/DPA/DPR/unispal.nsf/0/C867EE1DBF29A6E5852568C6006B2F0C
3246.(XXIX)) Importance of the universal realization of the right of peoples to self determination and of the speedy granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples for the effective guarantee and observance of human rights


The General Assembly,

Reaffirming its faith in resolution 11514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, and resolution 2621 (XXV) of 12 October 1970, containing the programme of action for the full implementation of that Declaration,

Recalling, inter alia, its resolutions 2588 B (XXIV) of 15 December 1969, 2787 (XXVI) of 6 December (XXXVII) of 13 December 1972, 2963 E 2 November 1973 and 3070 (XVIII) of 30 November 1973, and the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,

Noting with appreciation the reports of the Secretary-General, 1/

Noting with satisfaction the assurances given by the Government of Portugal that it will fulfil its obligations under the Charter of the United Nations and comply with United Nations resolutions relevant to the right of the peoples under Portuguese administration to self-determination and independence,

Indignant at the continued repression and the inhuman and degrading treatment inflicted on peoples still under colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation, especially on individuals detained or imprisoned as a result of their struggle for self-determination and independence,

Reaffirming that the independence of Southern Rhodesia should not be negotiated with the illegal regime but with the authentic and recognized representatives of the Rhodesian people,

Mindful of its responsibility to evolve all possible measures which will enable oppressed peoples to attain independence and self-determination, and in this regard deploring the obstructive attitude of certain Member states,

Recognizing the imperative need to put an early end to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation,

1. Reaffirms the inalienable right of all peoples under colonial rule, foreign domination and alien subjugation to self-determination, freedom and independence in conformity with General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

2. Renews its call to all States to recognize the right to self-determination and independence of all peoples subject to colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation and to offer them moral, material and other forms of assistance in their struggle to exercise fully their inalienable right to self-determination and independence;

3. Reaffirms the legitimacy of the peoples’ struggle for liberation form colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation by all available means, including armed struggle;

4. Demands full respect for the basic human rights of all individuals detained or imprisoned as a result of their struggle for self-determination and independence, and strict respect for article 5 of the Universals declaration of Human Rights under which no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and their immediate release;

5. Welcomes the recognition by the Government of Portugal of the right of all the peoples under its colonial administration to self-determination and independence, and the initiatives already taken in this regard;

6. Urges the Government of Portugal to continue to ensure that the process of decolonizations, which will enable peoples still under its colonial administration to achieve self-determination and independence, is accomplished without delay;

7. Strongly condemns all Governments which do not recognize the right to self-determination and independence of peoples under colonial and foreign domination and alien subjugation, notably the peoples of Africa and the Palestinian people;

8. Further strongly condemns the policies of those members of the Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization and those countries whose military, economic, sporting or political relations with the racist regimes of southern Africa and elsewhere encourage these regimes to persist in their suppression of the aspirations of peoples for self-determination and independence;

9. Calls upon those countries to reconsider their policies and to sever all links with the racist regimes of south Africa and Southern Rhodesia;

10. Renews its appreciation to Governments, United Nations agencies and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations for their efforts in extending various forms of assistance to peoples in dependent Territories and appeals to them to increase such assistance;

11. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to assist the specialized agencies and other organizations within the United Nations system in working out measures for the provision of increased international assistance to the peoples of colonial Territories;

12. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the implementation of the present resolution to the General Assembly at its thirtieth session.

Afbeelding verwijderd door afzender.2303rd plenary meeting
29 November 1974

[7]

CIVIS MUNDI

ZWEEDSE FOTOGRAAF WINT WORLD PRESS PHOTO 2012.

MISDADEN ISRAELISCHE POLITIEK IN BEELD GEBRACHT

ASTRID ESSED

https://www.civismundi.nl/?p=artikel&aid=2024

[8]

DE ILLEGALITEIT VAN DE NEDERZETTINGEN


”The Fourth Geneva Convention prohibits an occupying power from transferring citizens from its own territory to the occupied territory (Article 49).The Hague Regulations prohibit an occupying power from undertaking permanent changes in the occupied area unless these are due to military needs in the narrow sense of the term, or unless they are undertaken for the benefit of the local population.


BTSELEM.ORG

SETTLEMENTS

https://www.btselem.org/settlements


”Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

  ARTICLE 49, FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION  

https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=77068F12B8857C4DC12563CD0051BDB0


HET HAAGS VERDRAG VAN 1907THE HAGUE CONVENTION 1907

https://www.loc.gov/law/help/us-treaties/bevans/m-ust000001-0631.pdf

[9]

”When individual settlers take an active part in hostilities, as opposed to acting in legitimate self-defense, they lose their civilian protection and become legitimate military targets during the period of their participation, just as Palestinian militants who take an active part in armed conflict become legitimate military targets during that period”

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

CIVILIAN RESIDENTS OF ILLEGAL SETTLEMENTS AS ”LEGITIMATE TARGETS”

https://www.hrw.org/reports/2002/isrl-pa/ISRAELPA1002-04.htm#P663_145772

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH

IV LEGAL STANDARDS

https://www.hrw.org/reports/2002/isrl-pa/ISRAELPA1002-04.htm#P564_114276

ORIGINELE BRON

REPORT HUMAN RIGHTS

ERASED AT A MOMENT

SUICIDE BOMBING ATTACKS AGAINST ISRAELI CIVILIANS

OCTOBER 2002

https://www.hrw.org/reports/2002/isrl-pa/

P/S

EERDERE CORRESPONDENTIE MET DE NOS TELETEKSTREDACTIE NAAR AANLEIDING VAN HAAR BERICHTGEVING

Hersenbloeding oud-premier Van Agt/NOS doet aan pro Israelische geschiedvervalsing! | Astrid Essed  

Reacties uitgeschakeld voor NOS berichtgeving weer eens in de fout/”Israelische militair gedood op Westelijke Jordaanoever” [NOS berichtgeving op Internet]

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